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Book
1 online resource (xvi, 400 pages) : illustrations (some color)
  • Part I Critical review of the orthodox economy
  • 1 paradigms
  • 2 the commodification of nature and its consequences
  • 3 Foundations and instruments of environmental economics
  • 4 Free market and sustainability
  • 5 Sustainable development in the Brundtland report and its distortion
  • Part II Principles and instruments for sustainability
  • 6 Sustainability of social-economical systems
  • 7 Sustainability
  • 8 Instruments for sustainability: strategic planning and ecological tax reform
  • 9 Science and technology for sustainability
  • Part III Sustainable production and consumption
  • 10 The limits of fossil fuels
  • 11 Repercussions of the end of the oil age
  • 12 Towards sustainable transport at the end of the fossil fuels era
  • 13 Solar economy elements
  • 14 Renewable hydrogen economy
  • 15 Societies in energy emergency
  • 16 Circular economy
  • 17 Industrial ecology
  • 18 Basis for an eco-effective and integrated product strategy
  • 19 Sustainable consumption
  • Part IV Evaluation of transformability
  • 20 Overall evaluation of transformability and its trend.
Since the 1992 World Scientists' Warning to Humanity, the looming prospect of Earth's changing climate has inspired a broad movement dedicated to a sustainable future. In this Handbook, the author explains the elements of a sustainable economy, the development of which must be undertaken if we are to retain our civilization. The first section offers a critical analysis of orthodox economical thinking, and the tools used by the conventional economy to solve the 'environmental problem.' The author examines the theory and tools of Environmental Economics addressing the commodification of nature, and offers analysis of the theoretical and practical contradictions which arise from attempts to combine environmental protection and free trade. Part II discusses the principles and tools needed to build a sustainable economy, including the concept of biomimicry as a guiding principle of sustainability, a brief description of the adaptive cycle of ecosystems, and explains the concept of transformability and the factors that determine it. Discussion includes a broad evaluation of the capacity for transformation of National Sustainable Development Strategies, and an analysis of the essential requirements of ecology-based tax reform. Also included is a critical vision of the dominant paradigm of science and technology. The third section explores sustainable production and consumption, discussing energy, transport, the circular economy of materials, and sustainable consumption. Included are a detailed analysis of factors that determine the limits of fossil fuels, a description of the peak oil structural effect and its sectoral impacts, an overview of a sustainable electric system, and a review of biofuels, electricity and hydrogen. The author concludes that only hydrogen associated to fuel offers a sustainable alternative to oil. Discussion includes a view of the structural causes of the current high-level consumption model through the lens of motivation, provision and access systems, and a detailed description of policies that must be adopted as part of a sustainable consumption strategy. The final chapter undertakes the task of analyzing the capability of our societies to transform themselves to reach sustainability. The author broadly evaluates each factor, as a prior step to carrying out an overall evaluation, and demonstrates that in order to accomplish a comprehensive analysis, a multidisciplinary group is necessary.
Book
1 online resource (ix, 62 pages) : illustrations.
  • The Main Features of the FDI Phenomenon
  • The Environmental Effects of FDI
  • The Competition for FDI and Its Effect on Environmental Standards
  • The Cross-Border Environmental Performance
  • Recent Trends and Prospects in the FDI Dynamic
  • Concluding Remarks.
This work examines in depth the relationship between foreign direct investment and the environment. Over the last few decades, increasing levels of environmental degradation have been recorded and have been claimed to be particularly attributable to globalization and the widespread increase of economic activities, in particular foreign direct investments (FDIs). However, the environmental implications of FDIs are not easily identified and contradictory views and arguments have been presented. This work contributes to the debate by closely analyzing the specific literature produced over the last three decades, and by presenting and discussing recent trends and prospects with regard to the FDI phenomenon.
Book
1 online resource (xxxi, 846 pages) : illustrations.
Book
1 online resource (xxii, 295 pages) : illustrations.
  • Preface
  • Theory, Compilation and Measurement of Human Green Development Index (HGDI)
  • Human Green Development Index (HGDI) Indicator Interpretation
  • Appendix and Attached Tables.
This exhaustive survey assesses the performance of the United Nations and its member states in all key areas, at the same time as laying down a road map for sustainable development in the future. Deploying the Human Green Development Index as a new metric for an era in which human survival is intimately dependent on the viability of the Earth as a clean and sustainable habitat, the report showcases a vast array of data, including HGDI indicators for more than 120 nations. It provides a detailed and comparative rationale for the selection of data for the 12 goals and 54 HGDI targets, which cover human and global needs into the future. The index measures 12 Sustainable Development Goals, based on but also extending the eight Millennium Development Goals defined in 2000. The SDGs, proposed by a high-level UN panel, will supersede MDGs in 2015. They focus on ending poverty, achieving gender equality, providing quality education for all, helping people live healthy lives, securing sustainable energy use, and creating jobs offering sustainable livelihoods. They also work towards equitable growth, stable and peaceful societies, greater efficiency in governance, and closer international cooperation. With indicators covering everything from air particulates to percentage of threatened animal species in a nation?s total, and informed by the latest research (with inequality-adjusted metrics for amenities such as education and healthcare), this comprehensive study offers readers not only a wealth of valuable core data, but also a well-argued rationale for using the HGDI. In today?s world, we cannot view our development as being distinct from, and unaffected by, that of the Earth we inhabit, or that of our planetary cohabitees.
Book
1 online resource (xi, 84 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Context and overview of environment and development economics
  • Models and frameworks
  • Traditional and modern pollution
  • Livelihoods and the Commons
  • Complex Ecology
  • Global public goods
  • Sustainable development and institutions.
This brief views the environment through diverse lenses -- those of standard economics, institutional economics, political science, environmental science and ecology. Chapter 2 discusses diverse theoretical and statistical models? constrained optimization models, game theory, differential equations, and statistical models for causal inference? in a simple manner. Developing countries have certain distinct environmental problems -- traditional pollution and traditional dependence on the commons. While chapters 3 and 4 discuss these specific problems, statistical graphs of the World Development Indicators explore the macro-context of developing countries in chapter 1. Chapter 5 examines ecological systems, which are nonlinear and unpredictable, and subject to sudden regime shifts. Chapter 6 deals with the global challenges of climate change and biological invasions. The last chapter discusses sustainable development and institutions. The brief explains these topics simply; mathematics is largely confined to an appendix. The broad treatment and simple exposition will appeal to students new to the field of economics. The extension of core economic models in diverse directions will also be of interest to economists looking for a different treatment of the subject.

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