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Book
online resource (xvi, 416 pages) : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm
  • Introduction
  • Part I. Food Webs: Complexity and Stability
  • 1. Food webs versus interaction networks: principles, pitfalls, and persepectives
  • 2. What kind of interaction- type diversity matters for community stability
  • 3. Symmetry, asymmetry, and beyond: the crucial role of interaction strength in the complexity-stability debate
  • 4. Ecologically effective population sizes and functional extinction of species in ecosystems
  • 5. Merging antagonistic and mutualistic bipartite webs: a first step to integrate interaction diversity into network approaches
  • 6. Toward multiplex ecological networks: accounting for multiple interaction types to understand community structure and dynamics
  • 7. Unpacking resilience in food webs: an emergent property or a sum of the parts?
  • Part II. Food Webs: From Traits to Ecosystem Functioning
  • 8. Integrating food-web and trait-based ecology to investigate biomass-trait feedbacks
  • 9. Including the life cycle in food webs
  • 10. Importance of trait-related flexibility for food-web dynamics and the maintenance of biodiversity
  • 11. Ecological succession investigated through food-web flow networks
  • 12. Statistical approaches for inferring and predicting food-web architecture
  • 13. Global metawebs of spide predation highlight consequences of land-use change for terrestrial predator-prey networks
  • 14. Ecological networks in managed ecosystems: connecting structure to services
  • 15. Trait-based and process-oriented modeling in ecological network dynamics
  • 16. Empirical methods of identifying and quantifying trophic interactions for constructing soil food-web models
  • Part III. Food Webs and Environmental Sustainability
  • 17. Integrating species interaction networks and biogeography
  • 18. Food-web dynamics when divergent life-history strategies respond to environmental variation differently: a fisheries ecology perspective
  • 19. Rare but important: perturbations to uncommon species can have a large impact on the structure of ecological communities
  • 20. Food-web simulations: stochastic variability and systems-based conservation
  • 21. An individual-based simulation model to link population, community, and metacommunity dynamics
  • 22. Structural instability of food webs and food-web models and their implications for management
  • 23. Linking ecology and epidemiology: the case of infected resource
  • Index.
Medical Library (Lane)
Book
xxviii, 285 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
  • Background of the study
  • The cohort
  • Growth, cognitive development and nutrition
  • Transition to adult phase
  • Childhood growth, adult health, and human capital
  • Intergenerational and transgenerational studies
  • Community expectations and challenges
  • Implications and impact
  • Summation.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
online resource (xix, 422 pages)
  • Background to undernutrition
  • Identification of undernutrition
  • Nutrition requirements in nutrition support
  • Nutritional interventions to prevent and treat undernutrition
  • Undernutrition and nutritional support in clinical specialities.
Medical Library (Lane)
Book
online resource (xxii, 363 pages) : illustrations ; 25 cm
"This addition to the British Dietetic Association Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics book series is written for clinicians and researchers who work with any aspect of obesity and its comorbid conditions. Featuring contributions from leading researchers and practitioners from around the globe Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Obesity offers a uniquely international perspective on what has become a worldwide public health crisis. Chapters cover a full range of new ideas and research on the underlying drivers of obesity in populations including discussions on the genetic and clinical aspects of obesity, along with expert recommendations on how to effectively manage and prevent this chronic and persistent disease. Providing a comprehensive overview of the key literature in this field, Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Obesity is an invaluable resource for all those all those whose work should or does embrace any aspect of obesity"--Provided by publisher.
Medical Library (Lane)
Book
1479 pages ; 24 cm.
Green Library
Book
133 pages ; 24 cm.
Green Library
Book
1 online resource (50 p.)
This study carries out a thorough investigation of the potential sources of mismatch in poverty and inequality levels and trends between the Tanzania National Panel Survey and Household Budget Survey. The main findings of the study include the following. First, the difference in poverty levels between the Household Budget Survey and the National Panel Survey is essentially explained by the differences in the methods of estimating the poverty line. Second, the discrepancy in poverty trends can be mainly attributed to the difference in inter-year temporal price deflators, and, to a lesser extent, spatial price deflators. The use of the consumer price index for adjusting consumption variation across years would show a decline in poverty during the past five years for the Household Budget Survey and the National Panel Survey. Third, despite noticeable differences in the methods of household consumption data collection, the Household Budget Survey and National Panel Survey show close mean household consumption levels in the last rounds, when using the consumer price index to adjust for inter-year price variations. Mean household consumption levels in the Household Budget Survey 2011/12 and National Panel Survey 2010/11 are comparable, and the mean consumption level in the National Panel Survey 2012/13 is around 10 percent higher. The difference is driven by higher levels of aggregate and food consumption by the better-off groups in the National Panel Survey. Fourth, the mismatch in inequality trends and pro-poor growth patterns between the two surveys could not be resolved and is a subject for further analysis.
Book
xx, 245 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
  • List of Illustrations Foreword by Frances Moore Lappe Preface Acknowledgments 1. Introduction: Food and Famine Futures, Past and Present 2. Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Beginning to End Hunger 3. Belo Horizonte: All Five A's on the Horizon 4. Multiple Streams and the Evolution of the Secretariat of Food and Nutritional Security 5. Farm, Farmer, and Forest: SMASAN and the Environment 6. Conclusions: Belo Horizonte and Beyond Abbreviations Notes References Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780520293090 20180403
Beginning to End Hunger presents the story of Belo Horizonte, home to 2.5 million people and one of the world's most successful city food security programs. Since its Municipal Secretariat for Food Security was founded in 1993, malnutrition in Belo Horizonte has declined dramatically, allowing it to serve as an inspiration for Brazil's renowned Zero Hunger programs. The Municipal Secretariat's work with local small family farmers also offers a glimpse of how food security, rural livelihoods, and healthy ecosystems can be supported together. While inevitably imperfect, Belo Horizonte offers a vision of the path away from food system dysfunction, unsustainability, and hunger. The author's case study shows the vital importance of holistic approaches to food security, offers ideas on how to design successful policies to end hunger, and lays out strategies for how to make policy change happen. With these tools, we can take the next steps towards achieving similar reductions in hunger and food insecurity elsewhere in the developed and developing worlds.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780520293090 20180403
Green Library

11. BMJ best practice [2018 - ]

Book
online resource (database)
Provides detailed, evidence-based decision trees and a step-by-step approach, covering prevention, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Incorporates guidelines, systematic reviews from BMJ Clinical Evidence, and content from Cochrane Clinical Answers and AHFS Drug Information Essentials.
Medical Library (Lane)
Book
1 online resource (152 p).
In emerging East Asia, agricultural output has expanded dramatically over recent decades, primarily as a result of successful efforts to stimulate yield growth. This achievement has increased the availability of food and raw materials in the region, drastically diminished hunger, and more generally provided solid ground for economic development. The intensification of agriculture that has made this possible, however, has also led to serious pollution problems that have adversely affected human and ecosystem health, as well as the productivity of agriculture itself. In the region that currently owes the largest proportion of deaths to the environment, agriculture is often portrayed as a victim of industrial and urban pollution, and this is indeed the case. Yet agriculture is taking a growing toll on economic resources and sometimes becoming a victim of its own success.In parts of China, Vietnam, and the Philippines-the countries studied in The Challenge of Agricultural Pollution-this pattern of highly productive yet highly polluting agriculture has been unfolding with consequences that remain poorly understood. With large numbers of pollutants and sources, agricultural pollution is often undetected and unmeasured. When assessments do occur, they tend to take place within technical silos, and so the different ecological and socioeconomic risks are seldom considered as a whole, while some escape study entirely. However, when agricultural pollution is considered in its entirety, both the significance of its impacts and the relative neglect of them become clear. Meanwhile, growing recognition that a "pollute now, treat later" approach is unsustainable-from both a human health and an agroindustry perspective-has led public and private sector actors to seek solutions to this problem. Yet public intervention has tended to be more reactive than preventive and often inadequate in scale. In some instances, the implementation of sound pollution control programs has also been confronted with incentive structures that do not rank environmental outcomes prominently. Significant potential does exist, however, to reduce the footprint of farms through existing technical solutions, and with adequate and well-crafted government support, its realization is well within reach.
Book
x, 343 pages ; 24 cm
"Synthesizing the science of nutrition, immunity, and evolutionary genetics with a controversial new history of indigenous North America, Decolonizing the Diet shows how populations fail to recover from epidemics when their ability to hunt, gather, and farm nutritionally dense plants and animals is diminished by war, colonization, and cultural destruction"-- Provided by publisher.
Green Library
Book
1 online resource (23 p.)
The effect of demographics on poverty measurement based on per capita consumption is well known. The size and composition of the household can affect the well-being of everyone in the household, with respect to total consumption within that household. Failure to address this issue may often lead to an underestimation or overestimation of poverty, especially for children. Many studies have tried to address the issue, using the generic approach of equivalence scales. However, the choice of scale is controversial and may lead to comparability problems between countries because of the different demographic structures and choice of the pivot household for establishing the per capita poverty line. Based on the World Bank's African poverty database, this study estimates poverty rates for African children using the new international poverty line of .90 a day defined in terms of 2011 purchasing power parity. The equivalence scales approach (Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization) is used with the adjustment suggested by Deaton after the identification of the pivot household, which is defined as the household whose per capita consumption is around the international poverty line. This study shows that taking account of demographics results in downward adjustments of child poverty, adult poverty, and child-adult poverty gaps. Moreover, breakdowns by country show that poverty may vary significantly depending on demographics, which may cause some reranking when comparing poverty between African countries. Finally, sensitivity analyses reveal that child poverty is not sensitive to the child discount factor, unlike adult poverty, but, overall, taking account of demographics is helpful for better identifying poor children.
Book
xix, 212 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
  • 1. Introduction 2. Alice Waters and the Edible Schoolyard: Rethinking School Lunch as Public Education 3. Postmodern Dietetic: Reclaiming the Body Through the Practice of Alimentary Freedom 4. Schooling Lunch: Health, Food, and the Pedagogicalization of the Lunchbox 5. "Eating Democracy": School Lunch and the Social Meaning of Eating in Critical Times 6. Food for a Common(s) Curriculum: Learning to Recognize and Resist Food Enclosures 7. Education Toward an Increasingly Integrated Outlook on Meat 8. "Social Consequences" of School Lunch for Students Who Receive Special Education Services: A Critical Outlook 9. School Lunch and Student Food Insecurity: A Teacher's Observations and Reflections 10. School Lunch Curriculum.- 11. We Are How We Eat: An Argument for the Social Value of Slow School Lunch.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319725161 20180514
School lunch is often regarded as a necessary but inconvenient distraction from the real work of education. Lunch, in this view, is about providing students the nourishment they need in order to attend to academic content and the tests that assess whether content has been learned. In contrast, the central purpose of this collection is to examine school lunch as an educational phenomenon in its own right. Contributing authors-drawing from a variety of disciplinary traditions, including philosophy, sociology, and anthropology-examine school lunch policies and practices, social and cultural aspects of food and eating, and the relation among school food, the environment, and human and non-human animal well-being. The volume also addresses how school lunch might be more widely conceptualized and practiced as an educational undertaking.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319725161 20180514
Education Library (Cubberley)
Book
1 online resource (39 p).
The methods to select safety net beneficiaries are the subject of frequent policy debates. This paper presents the results from a randomized experiment analyzing how efficiency, legitimacy, and short-term program effectiveness vary across widely used targeting methods. The experiment was embedded in the roll-out of a national cash transfer program in Niger. Eligible villages were randomly assigned to have beneficiary households selected through community-based targeting, a proxy-means test, or a formula designed to identify the food-insecure. Proxy-means testing is found to outperform other methods in identifying households with lower consumption per capita. The methods perform similarly against other welfare benchmarks. Legitimacy is high across all methods, but local populations have a slight preference for formula-based approaches. Manipulation and information imperfections are found to affect community-based targeting, although triangulation across multiple selection committees mitigates the related risks. Finally, short-term program impacts on food security are largest among households selected by proxy-means testing. Overall, the differences in performance across targeting methods are small relative to the overall level of exclusion stemming from limited funding for social programs.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Foreword   Wouter Hendriks Introduction   Mike Bedford Chapter 1. Selection, engineering and expression of microbial enzymes   Patrícia Poeta, A A Dias, Gilberto Igrejas, Vanessa Silva, Rui Bezerra, Carlos Simões Nunes Chapter 2. Intellectual Property on selection, expression and production of enzymes   Carlos Simões Nunes Phytases Chapter 3. General Aspects of Phytases   Vikas Kumar and Amit Kumar Sinha Chapter 4. Phytase in Animal Feed   Nicholas Romano, Vikas Kumar Chapter 5. Perspectives of phytases in nutrition, biocatalysis and soil stabilization   Michele Rigon Spier, Maitê Rodrigues, Luana Paludo, Myriam Lorena Melgarejo Navarro Cerutti Depolymerizating Enzymes Chapter 6. Depolymerizating enzymes
  • cellulases   Carlos Simoes Nunes Chapter 7. Laccases
  • properties and applications   Carlos Simões Nunes, Adinarayana Kunamneni Chapter 8. Amylases   Shivendra Kumar, Srijit Chakravarty NSP Enzymes Chapter 9.
  • Non-starch polysaccharides (NSPs) enzymes
  • General Aspects   Habte-Michael Habte-Tsion, Vikas Kumar Chapter 10. Depolymerizating Enzymes in Human Food: Bakery, Dairy Products and Drinks   Parisa Fallahi, Habte-Michael Habte-Tsion, Waldemar Rossi Jr Chapter 11. Perspectives of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) enzymes in nutrition   Habte-Michael Habte-Tsion, Vikas Kumar, Waldemar Rossi Jr Proteases Chapter 12. Proteases: General Aspects   Petra Philipps-Wiemann Chapter 13. Proteases – Human Food   Petra Philipps-Wiemann Chapter 14. Proteases
  • Animal Feed   Petra Philipps-Wiemann Other Enzymes Chapter 15. Enzymes as Therapeutic Agents   Adinarayana Kunamneni, Christian Ogaugwu, Diwakar Goli Chapter 16. Enzymes as direct decontaminating agents – mycotoxins   Manjunath Manubolu, Lavanya Goodla, Kavitha Pathakoti, Kjell Malmlöf Chapter 17.
  • Enzymatic decontamination of antimicrobials, phenols, heavy metals, pesticides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, dyes and animal waste   Carlos Simões Nunes, Kjell Malmlöf Chapter 18. Chitinases   Carlos Simões Nunes, Petra Philipps-Wiemann Enzymes and new or alternative food- and feedstuffs Chapter 19. Alternative and new sources of feedstuffs   Nicholas Romano Chapter 20. Tyrosinases
  • Physiology, Pathophysiology and Applications   Carlos Simoes Nunes, Kurt Vogel Chapter 21. Probiotics and enzymes in the gastrointestinal tract   Carlos Simoes Nunes Chapter 22. Formulation of enzymes   Carlos Simoes Nunes, Petra Philipps-Wiemann Chapter 23. Analytic of enzymes   Kurt Vogel Chapter 24. Registration of food and feed additives (enzymes) in USA, Canada and China   Carlos Simoes Nunes, Adinarayana Kunamneni, Vikas Kumar, Habte-Michael Habte-Tsion Chapter 25.
  • Registration of food and feed additives
  • enzymes in the European Union   Guido Rychen, Hervé Toussaint Chapter 26. Economics of food and feed enzymes: status and perspectives   David A. Guerrand Chapter 27. General perspectives of enzymes, environment preservation and scarce natural resources
  • conclusions  Carlos Simoes Nunes
Enzymes in Human and Animal Nutrition is a detailed reference on enzymes covering detailed information on all relevant aspects fundamental for final use of enzymes in human and animal nutrition. Topics explored include selection, engineering and expression of microbial enzymes, effects of probiotics on enzymes in the digestive tract, potential new sources of enzymes, valorization of plant biomass by food and feed enzymes. Economics and intellectual property issues are also examined.
Book
1 online resource (v, 55 pages, 1 unnumbered page) : illustrations (some color), color maps.
Book
1 online resource (32 p.)
This paper utilizes information from the 2015 Nigeria National Water and Sanitation Survey to identify the extent and timing of the failure of water schemes in the country and the factors affecting it. Around 46 percent of all the water schemes in Nigeria are nonfunctional, and approximately 30 percent are likely to fail in the first year. The results indicate that during the first year of operation, factors that can be controlled in the design, implementation, and operational stages contribute to the failure of 61 percent of the water schemes. As water schemes age, their likelihood of failure is best predicted by factors that cannot be modified. The influence of operational factors, such as repairs and maintenance, decreases slightly over time.
Book
1 online resource (29 p).
Crop yields in smallholder systems are traditionally assessed using farmer-reported information in surveys, occasionally by crop cuts for a sub-section of a farmer's plot, and rarely using full-plot harvests. Accuracy and cost vary dramatically across methods. In parallel, satellite data is improving in terms of spatial, temporal, and spectral resolution needed to discern performance on smallholder plots. This study uses data from a survey experiment in Uganda, and evaluates the accuracy of Sentinel-2 imagery-based, remotely-sensed plot-level maize yields with respect to ground-based measures relying on farmer self-reporting, sub-plot crop cutting (CC), and full-plot crop cutting (FP). Remotely-sensed yields include two versions calibrated to FP and CC yields (calibrated), and an alternative based on crop model simulations, using no ground data (uncalibrated). On the ground, self-reported yields explained less than 1 percent of FP (and CC) yield variability, and while the average difference between CC and FP yields was not significant, CC yields captured one-quarter of FP yield variability. With satellite data, both calibrated and uncalibrated yields captured FP yield variability on pure stand plots similarly well, and both captured half of FP yield variability on pure stand plots above 0.10 hectare. The uncalibrated yields were consistently 1 ton per hectare higher than FP or CC yields, and the satellite-based yields were less well correlated with the ground-based measures on intercropped plots compared with pure stand ones. Importantly, regressions using CC, FP and remotely-sensed yields as dependent variables all produced very similar coefficients for yield response to production factors.

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