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ix, 194 pages ; 24 cm.
  • Introduction: the superpower's dilemma: to appease, repress, or transform transnational advocacy networks? 1 Mechanisms of persuasion: when and how are advocacy campaigns effective? 2 The power of state preferences: the 'natural cases' of the campaigns for Falun Gong and IPR protection 3 Reading the 'lay of the land': intercessory advocacy and causal process in the HIV/ AIDS treatment and death penalty abolitionist campaigns 4 State- directed advocacy: the 'drift' phenomenon in the 'free Tibet' and global warming campaigns 5 Strategic considerations, tough choices: how state preferences influence campaign forms Conclusion: state power as reality References -- .
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781526119476 20180306
What does China's rise mean for transnational civil society? What happens when global activist networks engage a powerful and norm-resistant new hegemon? This book combines detailed ethnographic research with cross-case comparisons to identify key factors underpinning variation in the results and processes of advocacy on a range of issues affecting both China and the world, including global warming, intellectual property rights, HIV/AIDS treatment, the use of capital punishment, suppression of the Falun Gong religious movement, and Tibetan independence. Built on a unique blend of comparative and international theory, it advances the notion of "advocacy drift"-a process whereby the objectives and principled beliefs of activists are transformed through interaction with the Chinese state. The book offers a timely reassessment of transnational civil society, including its power to persuade and to leverage the policies of national governments. -- .
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781526119476 20180306
Green Library
xxv, 488 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 25 cm.
  • Contents List of Figures and Tables Emperors of the Qing Dynasty Chinese Terms Weights and Measures Used during the Qing Dynasty Maps of China 0 Introduction â 0.1â Origins of this Book â 0.2â Historical Data Used â 0.3â Research Approach â 0.4â Previous Studies 1 Cultivated Land Area â 1.1â Why Official Qing Records are Not Accurate â 1.2â Actual Area of Land Cultivated during the Qing Dynasty 2 Grain Production: Per Unit Yield and Total Output â 2.1â Average Yield of Grain Crops â 2.2â Total Output of Grain 3 Grain Output Value â 3.1â Grain Price Data Used in this Study â 3.2â Value of Grain Output in Various Periods of the Qing Dynasty â 3.3â Production Cost and Value Added from Grain Production 4 Non-Grain Output Values and Total Agricultural Value â 4.1â Cash-Crop Output Value â 4.2â Output Value of Non-Crop-Based Agricultural Production and Gross Added Values of Overall Agriculture in the Qing Dynasty 5 Development and Underdevelopment of Agriculture in the Qing Dynasty â 5.1â The Zenith of Traditional Agriculture in China â 5.2â Limitations of Agricultural Development in the Qing Dynasty Appendix A: Population Appendix B: Cultivated Area Appendix C: Yield Per Unit Area Appendix D: Agrarian Structure, Rural Actors and Their Interaction in the System of Agricultural Production During the Qing Dynasty: Land Ownership, Peasants, Landlords and the State References Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789004354920 20180115
In Agricultural Development in Qing China: A Quantitative Study, 1661-1911 SHI Zhihong offers for the first time an overview of agricultural development in Qing China in the English language. Being by far the largest sector in one of the largest economies in the world, understanding its development is crucial not only for agricultural studies, but also to advance economic debates such as on the Great Divergence. Combining the recent quantitative paradigm with the more traditional scholarly approach, this book uses a great number of primary sources to arrive at new and revised estimates of crucial indicators such as land acreage, crop yield, pasture, and total output. Its main conclusion is that a serious economic and social problem occurred since the mid-Qing, where agriculture was increasingly less able to feed a growing population, which was a major factor contributing to the growing crisis in the rule of the dynasty.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789004354920 20180115
Green Library
vii, 337 pages ; 23 cm.
"On March 14, 2012, the National People's Congress of the PRC substantially amended the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of articles, and expands the law from 225 to 290 articles. Following the new amendment, the supreme court of China also amended its judicial interpretation to the law. The second edition of this book provides new English translations to the amended criminal procedure law and all the related Chinese official judicial and administrative interpretations. The second edition also includes an in-depth Introduction which briefly surveys the legislative history and intent of Chinese criminal procedure law, discusses how the criminal procedure law is interpreted and supplemented in China, and shows how to update and find relevant judicial interpretations. The author has also included subtitles to every article to enhance research, article-by-article annotations, and English-Chinese and Chinese-English glossaries for Chinese criminal procedure law."-- Provided by publisher.
Law Library (Crown)
vii, 107 pages ; 24 cm
  • CONTENTS Acknowledgements I. American Universities in Japan II. The Internationalization of Higher Education in China III. Public Universties in China IV. The Ivy League in China V. Sustainable or Short-lived References Appendix A. List of American Universities in Japan Appendix B. List of American Universities in China About the Author.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498554534 20180219
American Universities in China: Lessons from Japan discusses the aspirations and operations of American universities in China through the lens of previous American universities' expansion efforts in Japan. It provides an in-depth explanation of the factors that contributed to the rise and decline of American universities in Japan in order to examine and predict the sustainability of American universities in China today. Through a review of historical documents, interviews with stakeholders in Japan and China, and an analysis of the cultural contexts of both the Japanese and Chinese higher education systems and the position of American universities within these environments, this book seeks to address the potential success or repeated failure of the American university abroad.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498554534 20180219
Education Library (Cubberley)
xv, 430 pages : illustrations, map ; 26 cm
  • Introduction G. E. R. Lloyd-- Part I. Methodological Issues and Goals: 1. Why some comparisons make more difference than others Nathan Sivin-- 2. Comparing comparisons Walter Scheidel-- 3. On the very idea of (philosophical?) translation Robert Wardy-- Part II. Philosophy and Religion: 4. Freedom in parts of the Zhuangzi and Epictetus R. A. H. King-- 5. Shame and moral education in Aristotle and Xunzi Jingyi Jenny Zhao-- 6. Human and animal in early China and Greece Lisa Raphals-- 7. Genealogies of ghosts, gods and humans: the capriciousness of the Divine in early Greece and China Michael Puett-- Part III. Art and Literature: 8. Visual art and historical representation in Ancient Greece and China Jeremy Tanner-- 9. Helen and Chinese femmes fatales Yiqun Zhou-- Part IV. Mathematics and Life Sciences: 10. Divisions, big and small: comparing Archimedes and Liu Hui Reviel Netz-- 11. Abstraction as a value in the historiography of mathematics in Ancient Greece and China Karine Chemla-- 12. Recipes for love in the ancient world Vivienne Lo and Eleanor Re'em-- Part V. Agriculture, Planning and Institutions: 13. From the harvest to the meal in prehistoric China and Greece: a comparative approach to the social context of food Xinyi Liu, Evi Margaritis and Martin Jones-- 14. On libraries and manuscript culture in Western Han Chang'an and Alexandria Michael Nylan-- Afterword Michael Loewe.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107086661 20180326
Ancient Greece and China Compared is a pioneering, methodologically sophisticated set of studies, bringing together scholars who all share the conviction that the sustained critical comparison and contrast between ancient societies can bring to light significant aspects of each that would be missed by focusing on just one of them. The topics tackled include key issues in philosophy and religion, in art and literature, in mathematics and the life sciences (including gender studies), in agriculture, city planning and institutions. The volume also analyses how to go about the task of comparing, including finding viable comparanda and avoiding the trap of interpreting one culture in terms appropriate only to another. The book is set to provide a model for future collaborative and interdisciplinary work exploring what is common between ancient civilisations, what is distinctive of particular ones, and what may help to account for the latter.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107086661 20180326
Green Library
1 online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Introduction.- Geological background.- Neoarchean basement rock assemblage, crust-mantle interactions and crustal evolution of Western Liaoning Province.- Paleo- to Mesoproterozoic magmatic rock assemblage and crust-mantle geodynamic processes.- Precambrian crustal evolution, lithospheric mantle evolution and crust-mantle geodynamics of Western Liaoning-Northwest Hebei Provinces.- Concluding remarks.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811079214 20180319
This thesis presents geological, petrological, geochemical, and zircon U-Pb-Lu-Hf isotopic field data for representative Precambrian lithologies in the Western Liaoning-Northeastern Hebei Provinces along the northern margin of the North China Craton (NCC). It describes late Neoarchean (2.64-2.48 Ga) supracrustal metavolcanic rocks and granitoid gneisses; late Paleoproterozoic (1.72-1.68 Ga) Jianping alkaline plutons and Pinggu alkaline volcanic rocks; and newly discovered ~1.23 Ga mafic dykes. The nature of magma sources and genesis of each magmatic episode are investigated, and the Precambrian (~2.6-1.2 Ga) lithospheric mantle evolution and crust-mantle interaction processes are established for the first time -aspects that provide important constraints in our understanding of the Precambrian crustal evolution and geodynamic processes in the region studied.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811079214 20180319

7. Art in smog [2018]

1 videodisc (76 min.) : sound, color with black and white sequences ; 4 3/4 in. Sound: digital. optical. Digital: video file. DVD video.
"Art in Smog offers an intimate encounter with four artists and a curator in China. Vivid art merges with thoughtful voices to evoke the human search for meaning. Featured are international artists Su Xinping and Xia Xiaowan, painter and antiques connoisseur Mushi, brash curator Cui Cancan, and painter Chen Hui, who expresses a woman's sense of self in a challenging world. Their pursuit of art takes them from quiet dreams in the 1990s to the extremes of the 2000s to their different paths forward today. Their lives and their work provide a visually rich glimpse of humanity in a tumultuous society. Footage from 1991 and 2016 documents China's transformation."--Promotional website. https://artinsmog.com/
Media & Microtext Center
1 online resource (2 unnumbered pages) : color map.

9. Bamboo and silk [2018 - ]

volumes : illustrations ; 24 cm
Green Library
xiv, 366 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Zidishu in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Beijing
  • The performance of zidishu
  • The Manchu-Han bilingual zidishu
  • Zidishu written in Han Chinese
  • The dissemination of zidishu texts
  • Epilogue: Performance, text, and ethnicity.
Bannermen Tales is the first book in English to offer a comprehensive study of zidishu a popular storytelling genre created by the Manchus in early eighteenth-century Beijing. With original translations, musical score, and numerous illustrations of hand-copied and printed texts, this study opens a new window into Qing literature.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780674975194 20180508
Green Library
xviii, 324 pages : illustrations, map ; 23 cm.
  • Introduction : Olympic time and dilemmas of development in China's Tibet
  • The dangers of the gift master
  • The mountain deity and the state : voice, deity mediumship and land expropriation in Jima village
  • Othering spaces, cementing treasure : concrete, money, and the politics of value in Kharnak village school
  • The melodious sound of the right-turning conch : historiography and Buddhist counter-development in Langmo village
  • Spectacular compassion : "natural" disasters, national mourning, and the unquiet dead
  • Epilogue : the kindly solemn face of the female Buddha.
In a deeply ethnographic appraisal, based on years of in situ research, The Battle for Fortune looks at the rising stakes of Tibetans' encounters with Chinese state-led development projects in the early 2000s. The book builds upon anthropology's qualitative approach to personhood, power and space to rethink the premises and consequences of economic development campaigns in China's multiethnic northwestern province of Qinghai. Charlene Makley considers Tibetans' encounters with development projects as first and foremost a historically situated interpretive politics, in which people negotiate the presence or absence of moral and authoritative persons and their associated jurisdictions and powers. Because most Tibetans believe the active presence of deities and other invisible beings has been the ground of power, causation, and fertile or fortunate landscapes, Makley also takes divine beings seriously, refusing to relegate them to a separate, less consequential, "religious" or "premodern" world. The Battle for Fortune, therefore challenges readers to grasp the unique reality of Tibetans' values and fears in the face of their marginalization in China. Makley uses this approach to encourage a more multidimensional and dynamic understanding of state-local relations than mainstream accounts of development and unrest that portray Tibet and China as a kind of yin-and-yang pair for models of statehood and development in a new global order.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781501719646 20180530
In a deeply ethnographic appraisal, based on years of in situ research, The Battle for Fortune looks at the rising stakes of Tibetans' encounters with Chinese state-led development projects in the early 2000s. The book builds upon anthropology's...
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781501719653 20180530
Green Library
vii, 180 pages ; 22 cm.
  • Premigration condition
  • Return migrants in the South Korean immigration system and labor market
  • Of "Kings" and "Lepers" : the gendered logics of Koreanness in the social lives of Korean Americans
  • "Aren't we all the people of Joseon?" : claiming ethnic inclusion through history and culture
  • The logics of cosmopolitan Koreanness and global citizenship
  • Conclusion : finding family among foreigners.
Between Foreign and Family explores the impact of inconsistent rules of ethnic inclusion and exclusion on the economic and social lives of Korean Americans and Korean Chinese living in Seoul. These actors are part of a growing number of return migrants, members of an ethnic diaspora who migrate "back" to the ancestral homeland from which their families emigrated. Drawing on ethnographic observations and interview data, Helene K. Lee highlights the "logics of transnationalism" that shape the relationships between these return migrants and their employers, co-workers, friends, family, and the South Korean state. While Koreanness marks these return migrants as outsiders who never truly feel at home in the United States and China, it simultaneously traps them into a liminal space in which they are neither fully family, nor fully foreign in South Korea. Return migration reveals how ethnic identity construction is not an indisputable and universal fact defined by blood and ancestry, but a contested and uneven process informed by the interplay of ethnicity, nationality, citizenship, gender, and history.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780813586144 20180306
Green Library
xviii, 214 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Foreword
  • Introduction
  • Shareholder wealth maximisation revisited
  • Shareholder power and shareholder empowerment
  • Shareholder rights and corporate objectives in China : past and present
  • Towards stakeholder model
  • A more suitable corporate objective in China
  • Conclusion.
Corporate objective, namely, for whose interests should a company be run, is the most important theoretical and practical issues confronting us today, as the core objective animate or should animate every decision a company makes. Despite decades of debate, there is no consensus regarding what the corporate objective is or ought to be. However, clarity on this issue is necessary in order to explain and guide corporate behaviour, as different objectives could lead to different analyses and solutions to the same corporate governance problem. In addition to the study on the corporate objective in the Anglo-American jurisdictions, the discussion of this topic in the context of China is also very important on the ground that China has become the second largest economy in the world and is playing an increasingly significant role in global affairs. Though a socialist state, China also heavily relies on the corporate vehicle as the most important business organisation to ensure its rapid economic development since its market reforms in 1978. Adolf Berle and Gardiner Means's observation eight decades ago that large public companies dominate the world remains true today, not only in the West but also in China. The regulation and governance of such companies will have a material impact on the further development of the Chinese economy, which could in turn directly affect the world economy. Company law and corporate governance therefore receive much attention and have become a vital issue in China. Although the current focus is primarily on corporate performance, the fundamental question at the heart of corporate governance, namely the corporate objective, is still unresolved. Contrary to the widely held belief that the corporate objective should be maximising shareholder wealth, this book seeks to demonstrate that the shareholder wealth maximisation approach is both descriptively and normatively unsuitable. As an antithesis to it, stakeholder theory generally develops to be a more suitable substituent. Justifications and responses to its main criticisms are offered from descriptive, normative and instrumental aspects, whilst new techniques of balancing competing interests and more workable guidance for directors' behaviour are brought forward as essential modifications. Along with the unique characteristics of socialist states, the stakeholder model is expected to find solid ground in China and guide the future development of corporate governance. This book will be important and useful to researches and students of corporate law, corporate governance, business and management studies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138288867 20171204
Law Library (Crown)
vii, 331 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 25 cm
The staggering story of the most influential Chinese political dissident of the Mao era, a devout Christian who was imprisoned, tortured, and executed by the regime Blood Letters tells the astonishing tale of Lin Zhao, a Chinese poet and journalist arrested by the regime in 1960 and executed eight years later, at the height of the Cultural Revolution. Alone among the victims of Mao's dictatorship, she maintained a stubborn and open opposition during the years she was imprisoned. She rooted her dissent in her Christian faith--and expressed it in long, prophetic writings done in her own blood, and at times on her clothes and on cloth torn from her bedsheets. Miraculously, Lin Zhao's prison writings survived, though they have only recently come to light. Drawing on these works and others from the years before her arrest, as well as interviews with friends, family, and classmates, Lian Xi paints an indelible portrait of courage and faith in the face of unrelenting evil.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781541644236 20180508
Green Library
xxiv, 245 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Building for Oil is a historical account of the oil town of Daqing in northeastern China during the formative years of the People's Republic and describes Daqing's rise and fall as a national model city. Hou Li traces the roots of the Chinese socialist state and its early industrialization and modernization policies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780674983816 20180403
Green Library
xxv, 207 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Preface to the English edition
  • Preface to the Chinese edition
  • Foreword / Paul Gewirtz
  • The second ideological emancipation or a utopia?
  • On the innovation and transplantation of institutions and its self-organization
  • The considerations and a mistake of critics
  • Organism and liberty : the paradox of Hayek's rule of law (a discussion with Professor Deng Zhenglai about spontaneous oder)
  • The wisdom and prejudice of Carl Schmitt's constitutional theory
  • On two analytical frameworks provided for the debate of jurisprudence
  • Definite uncertainties and the grand design of the legal system in China
  • The judicial reform in China : the status quo and future directions
  • To implement the rule of law through "the system of three kinds of review"
  • Legal mode of social transformation
  • Tradition and innovation of legal order
  • Conditions for modern rule of law
  • The roots of law and its efficacy
  • Institutional combinations between "sollen" and "actuality"
  • Efficiency-seeking jurisprudence
  • The quantitative analysis and prediction of changes in law
  • The rule of private law and economic development
  • Reflections on relational contract theory
  • The status and role of parties in action inside and outside of court
  • Law and society geared to the 21st century : reflections on the 31st session of the symposium of the Research Committee on the Sociology of Law of the International Sociological Association.
After thirty years of Mao era (1949-1979) which was struggle-based, the Communist Party of China has begun to change its position as a pioneering revolutionary party, evolving into a universal ruling party that transcends class interests. Meanwhile, administrative and judicial reforms oriented toward a more efficient, serving government and the rule of law have been actively carried out. As the earliest work on constructive jurisprudence of new proceduralism in China, this book elaborates on the ideological confrontation on the "direction of China". It includes academic debates on politics and law which the author has been involved in, and top-level institutional design in China. Besides, this book introduces, analyzes and evaluates the focus of Chinese contemporary jurisprudence, making some critical summarizing propositions on the practical experiences. A review of Western contemporary jurisprudence and the forefront of legal research is also covered, aiming to provide ideological resources for the rule of law in China. Scholars and students in Chinese legal and social transformation studies will be attracted by this book. Furthermore, it will help different civilizations conduct rational dialogues on justice and order.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138089105 20180508
Law Library (Crown)

17. Cadres of Tibet [2018]

x, 199 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
1 online resource.
  • The Carbon Cycle in Yanqi Basin and Bosten Lake: Introduction.- Introduction of the Yanqi Basin and Bosten Lake.- Climate Change Over the Past 50 Years in the Yanqi Basin.- Characteristics of Soil Organic Matter and Carbon and Nitrogen Contents in Crops/Plants: Land Use Impacts.- Dynamics of Soil CO2 and CO2 Efflux in Arid Soil of Yanqi Basin.- Land Use Impacts on Soil Organic and Inorganic Carbon and Their Isotopes in the Yanqi Basin.- Distribution of Pedogenic Carbonate and Relationship with Soil Organic Carbon in Yanqi Basin.- Spatial Distribution of Organic Carbon in Surface Sediment of Bosten Lake.- Temporal Variability of Carbon Burial and the Underlying Mechanisms in Bosten Lake Since 1950.- Carbon Sequestration in Arid Lands: A Mini Review.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811070211 20180530
This book integrates the analyses of organic carbon and carbonate accumulation in soil and lake sediment in a typical arid region of China that has experienced significant climate and land-use changes. It demonstrates that carbonate accumulation greatly exceeds organic carbon in both soil and sediment. It also shows that intensive cropping with sound land management in the arid land not only increases soil organic carbon stock, but also enhances accumulation of soil carbonate, particularly in subsoils. Carbon accumulation in the lake sediment increased between 1950 and 2000, after which it declined, and the authors explore how human activity and climate change may have caused the changes in carbon burial in the lake sediment. This book is of interest to researchers in a number of fields such as soil science, limnology and global change, as well as to the policy-makers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811070211 20180530
xii, 271 pages ; 23 cm
  • Acknowledgments ix 1 Introduction 1 1.1 The Puzzle of Porous Censorship 1 1.2 Distraction and Diversion 4 1.3 Implications and Challenges to ConventionalWisdom 10 1.4 The Plan of the Book 17 2 A Theory of Censorship 21 2.1 Why Do Governments Censor? 21 2.2 Citizens Are Rationally Ignorant 26 2.3 Traditional Media Care about Story Costs 32 2.4 Citizens Exchange Low-Cost Information Through Social Media 34 2.5 What Is Censorship? 37 2.6 The Mechanisms of Censorship 41 2.7 Fear 44 2.8 Friction 56 2.9 Flooding 80 2.10 Conclusion 92 3 Censorship in China 93 3.1 Modern History of Information Control in China 94 3.2 Censorship of the Chinese Internet 104 4 Reactions to Experience with Censorship 113 4.1 China's Targeted Censorship Strategy 117 4.2 The Costs of Observable Censorship 121 4.3 Matched Comparison of Censored and Uncensored Social Media Users 122 4.4 An Experimental Study of Consumers of Social Media 137 4.5 Conclusion 145 5 The Powerful Influence of Information Friction 147 5.1 The Effects of Content Filtering on the Spread of Information 152 5.2 Structural Frictions and the Great Firewall 162 5.3 When Does Friction Fail? 182 5.4 Conclusion 187 6 Information Flooding: Coordination as Censorship 190 6.1 What Effect Can Propaganda Have in the Digital Age? 195 6.2 Flooding in China 199 6.3 Detection of Information Flooding in Newspapers and Online Media 201 6.4 The Influence of Flooding on the Spread of Information 215 6.5 Conclusion 221 7 Implications for a Digital World 223 7.1 Why Porous Censorship Matters 224 7.2 Authoritarian Resilience 227 7.3 Implications for Free Speech in Democracies 230 7.4 A Call for Future Research 232 8 Appendix 237 8.1 Description of the China Urban Governance Survey 237 8.2 Words Related to Censorship, Mutual Information 237 8.3 Tibet Self-Immolations Negative Binomial Model 241 Works Cited 243 Index 261.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691178868 20180409
A groundbreaking and surprising look at contemporary censorship in China As authoritarian governments around the world develop sophisticated technologies for controlling information, many observers have predicted that these controls would be ineffective because they are easily thwarted and evaded by savvy Internet users. In Censored, Margaret Roberts demonstrates that even censorship that is easy to circumvent can still be enormously effective. Taking advantage of digital data harvested from the Chinese Internet and leaks from China's Propaganda Department, this important book sheds light on how and when censorship influences the Chinese public. Roberts finds that much of censorship in China works not by making information impossible to access but by requiring those seeking information to spend extra time and money for access. By inconveniencing users, censorship diverts the attention of citizens and powerfully shapes the spread of information. When Internet users notice blatant censorship, they are willing to compensate for better access. But subtler censorship, such as burying search results or introducing distracting information on the web, is more effective because users are less aware of it. Roberts challenges the conventional wisdom that online censorship is undermined when it is incomplete and shows instead how censorship's porous nature is used strategically to divide the public. Drawing parallels between censorship in China and the way information is manipulated in the United States and other democracies, Roberts reveals how Internet users are susceptible to control even in the most open societies. Demonstrating how censorship travels across countries and technologies, Censored gives an unprecedented view of how governments encroach on the media consumption of citizens.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691178868 20180409
Green Library
viii, 238 pages ; 24 cm
  • Contents and Abstracts1Introduction chapter abstractThis book argues that the United States has become hegemonic in the Persian Gulf region, contrary to views of its waning global capability. The rise of U.S. hegemony, and changes in the position of China and Russia over forty-five years, have boosted global oil security, which is positive for the global economy. Yet in a classic sense, hegemony faces weighty challenges that need to be understood. 2The United States and the Global Oil Era chapter abstractThis chapter sketches key sign posts in the rise of global oil centered in the Middle East and in the increasing involvement of the United States. Washington would be drawn slowly into the region by revolution, war, and regional rivalries-all set against the inherent instabilities of the region, the rise of the oil era and its myriad actors and dynamics, and the struggles for influence and standing among the global powers. The evolution of its position relative to the other great powers would prove critical to regional and global politics and to all countries that depend on the flow of oil at reasonable prices. 3A New Security Framework chapter abstractThe United States has expanded, in some cases dramatically, its diplomatic, military, and economic capabilities in the Persian Gulf and ties to regional states in the post-<->Cold War period. America's diplomatic position has undergone extraordinary change, and although it faced some serious problems, it became stronger over time, though that fluctuated. The U.S. ability to project forces to the region and to sustain them while in the region increased significantly from the 1980s, as did its defense cooperation with the states of the Gulf Cooperation Council and with Iraq in the post-2003 invasion period, even amid rising domestic instability that threatened to tear Iraq asunder. 4The United States, Economics, and Energy chapter abstractSecurity cooperation represents the bedrock of Washington's relations with regional states, but its economic position has also developed in the post<->Cold War period, particularly since the mid-2000s. Economic strength is an important part of overall capabilities and influences oil security. The better the economic relations, the more robust is oil security, all other things equal. This is not only because stronger economic relations enhance security cooperation in provisioning oil-- they also yield greater interdependence between America as well as China and regional states. 5China's Steep Ascent in the Persian Gulf chapter abstractChina is driven by its profound energy needs. Beijing has unprecedentedly expanded diplomatic, economic, and, to a much lesser degree, security capabilities across the Gulf, making it an important player in the region. China has developed good relations with all of the Persian Gulf states, including the members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, Iran, and Iraq. Since the 2000s, these relations have expanded in tandem with increasing trade and energy cooperation. China's need for oil makes it far less interested in undermining U.S. efforts to protect oil security, even as it tries to check the United States when it appears to flex its muscles excessively. 6Global Oil and China's Economic Penetration chapter abstractChina has improved its political position in the region and, to some extent, its security standing, but perhaps most notably, Beijing's trade and energy cooperation has skyrocketed. The Chinese narrative has differed sharply from that of the United States. Most important, the rise of the PRC's diplomatic and economic profile has not been accompanied by a regional military presence or meaningful security cooperation. But its enhanced economic position represents a profound change in the region and growing interdependence with regional states has further deterred China from taking actions that could threaten U.S.-protected oil security. All things being equal, the more China needs the region for oil and trade, the more secure is oil. 7Russia: From Cold War to the Modern Era chapter abstractIn the post-Cold War era, Moscow has remained interested in enhancing its position in the Gulf region and has made political gains. Its foreign policy toward and position in the Persian Gulf has shifted to include more economic goals, while maintaining some strategic interests, which include balancing against U.S. regional hegemony. However, trade and commerce have increased in importance in Russian motivations, and that shift has benefited oil security. While Russia was devoted to undermining the United States in the region the Cold War, it has become an assertive but less serious rival. 8Russia's Trade and Energy Shift chapter abstractRussia's foreign policy toward the Persian Gulf region has been driven increasingly by energy concerns and business potential. Oil-rich monarchies offer lucrative markets for Russia's goods and a source of badly needed investment. Although Moscow's military position in the Persian Gulf region has largely collapsed with the end of the Cold War, Russia has made gains not only in the political arena but also in the economic arena in both trade and energy. 9How America, China, and Russia Have Changed chapter abstractGreat attention has focused on whether America remains a global hegemon, but this book has taken a different turn, focusing on the international relations of a region. It has explored global power politics and dynamics in the Persian Gulf, while also treating the global and regional levels as linked. This chapter more formally sums up how American capability has changed over time in the Persian Gulf relative to that of China and Russia. The United States has become and remains predominant across all of the indicators that we examined in this book. This is true even though China and, to a far lesser degree, Russia have expanded, sometimes profoundly, their diplomatic contacts and economic ties to regional states. 10The Rise and Not Fall of Oil Security chapter abstractThe changes in the position of America, China, and Russia in the Persian Gulf are important in their own right, but they also have boosted global oil security. America's rising capabilities have been positive for oil security, all things being equal. Since the 1980s, the rise in its regional military, political, and economic assets has enabled the United States to protect the free flow of oil from the region against a range of threats. This has, in turn, helped calm international markets. Meanwhile, the rise of China's political and economic capabilities, and, to a lesser extent, those of Russia have allowed for some rivalry with Washington, but largely not in the security field. Rising Russian and, far more important, Chinese economic interdependence with Gulf states has benefited global oil security by bringing more oil and gas on the global energy market and increasing especially Beijing's stake in regional stability. 11The Travails of Hegemony: A Classic Problem chapter abstractScholars are divided on whether America is a hegemon, but many have debated the desirability, feasibility, and effects of U.S. hegemony. It is fair to argue that Washington's hegemony in the Persian Gulf is positive for oil security and yields it some global political influence as well, but it is also costly in myriad ways sketched in this chapter. The real story of hegemony is not only about the rise of capabilities and what they imply but also of the enormous challenges of hegemony, some of which are endogenous to it. 12Conclusion chapter abstractThis book has told the story of the rise of hegemony and of its many challenges, and of great powers whose fortunes have undergone extraordinary change in one of the most fascinating regions of the world. The story is both age-old and new in its trappings. In this final chapter, we elucidate and expand on the broader themes of this book. In particular, we explore classic issues related to hegemony and American foreign policy: hegemony and oil security-- hegemony and chaos-- why the United States bears the great burden of maintaining hegemonic power in the turbulent Middle East-- what America's regional standing means for the global debate on American power-- and how another aspect of American, Chinese, and Russian power has changed over time: soft power.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781503604179 20180205
Few issues in international affairs and energy security animate thinkers more than the classic topic of hegemony, and the case of the Persian Gulf presents particularly fertile ground for considering this concept. Since the 1970s, the region has undergone tumultuous changes, with dramatic shifts in the diplomatic, military, and economic roles of the United States, China, and Russia. In this book, Steve A. Yetiv and Katerina Oskarsson offer a panoramic study of hegemony and foreign powers in the Persian Gulf, offering the most comprehensive, data-driven portrait to date of their evolving relations. The authors argue that the United States has become hegemonic in the Persian Gulf, ultimately protecting oil security for the entire global economy. Through an analysis of official and unofficial diplomatic relations, trade statistics, military records, and more, they provide a detailed account of how U.S. hegemony and oil security have grown in tandem, as, simultaneously, China and Russia have increased their political and economic presence. The book sheds light on hegemony's complexities, and challenges and reveals how local variations in power will continue to shape the Persian Gulf in the future.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781503604179 20180205
Green Library