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42 p.
Mexico’s structural reforms are already boosting productivity, but more can be done. This paper focuses on issues that have led to the success of the “modern” Mexico, and have led to difficulties with the “traditional” Mexico. These include the success of Global Value Chains (GVCs) in advancing the trade integration and linkages of key sectors, as well as how competition problems, excessive local regulation, and weak legal institutions have led to misallocation across firms. This paper examines in particular Mexico’s successful integration into GVCs. OECD research suggests that GVC participation can bring economic benefits in terms of productivity, diversification and sophistication of production. Understanding what drives integration into GVCs provides policy guidance to support a wider integration.
xxi, 195 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 27 cm
  • 1. Indigenous Leadership and Religion, and the Spanish Conquest
  • 2. The Convento : Labor, Conflict, and Networks
  • 3. Renaissance Rhetoric and Image
  • 4. Within Church Walls
  • 5. The Royal Residence and the Village
  • 6. Social Change and Political Undercurrents
  • 7. The Life of Images : Processional Sculptures.
"Explores five hundred years of the social, political, and religious life of the Mixtec town of Santo Domingo Yanhuitlan, in the state of Oaxaca as narrated through the prism of its church, the former mission, and artistic heritage"--Provided by publisher.
"Through years of fieldwork in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, art historian and archaeologist Alessia Frassani formulated a compelling question: How did Mesoamerican society maintain its distinctive cultural heritage despite colonization by the Spanish? In Building Yanhuitlan, she focuses on an imposing structure--a sixteenth-century Dominican monastery complex in the village of Yanhuitlan. For centuries, the buildings have served a central role in the village landscape and the lives of its people. Ostensibly, there is nothing indigenous about the complex or the artwork inside. So how does such a place fit within the Mixteca, where Frassani acknowledges a continuity of indigenous culture in the towns, plazas, markets, churches, and rural surroundings? To understand the monastery complex--and Mesoamerican cultural heritage in the wake of conquest--Frassani calls for a shifting definition of indigenous identity, one that acknowledges the ways indigenous peoples actively took part in the development of post-conquest Mesoamerican culture. Frassani relates the history of Yanhuitlan by examining the rich store of art and architecture in the town's church and convent, bolstering her account with more than 100 color and black-and-white illustrations. She presents the first two centuries of the church complex's construction works, maintenance, and decorations as the product of cultural, political, and economic negotiation between Mixtec caciques, Spanish encomenderos, and Dominican friars. The author then ties the village's present-day religious celebrations to the colonial past, and traces the cult of specific images through these celebrations' history. Cultural artifacts, Frassani demonstrates, do not need pre-Hispanic origins to be considered genuinely Mesoamerican--the processes attached to their appropriation are more meaningful than their having any pre-Hispanic past. Based on original and unpublished documents and punctuated with stunning photography, Building Yanhuitlan combines archival and ethnographic work with visual analysis to make an innovative statement regarding artistic forms and to tell the story of a remarkable community"--Provided by publisher.
Green Library
iii, 63 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Green Library
16 p.
The private sector can be a strategic partner in the pursuit of sustainable and inclusive growth, with the ability to have a profound impact, particularly in areas such as climate change, inclusiveness, equality and good governance. Firms could contribute through three different approaches: philanthropic activities not related to the firm’s activities through which businesses seek to contribute to improving social and environmental conditions; initiatives related to the firm’s operations to diminish their negative impacts and to strengthen those that are positive; and development of innovative products and services. Particularly in the latest two approaches, firms themselves stand to benefit in terms of business opportunities, cost reduction, and consumer loyalty. This paper analyses how Mexican firms perform in terms of environmental, social, and governance practices. The paper provides evidence suggesting that contributing to sustained and inclusive growth brings several financial and productivity advantages to firms. This Working Paper relates to the 2017 OECD Economic Survey of Mexico (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/economic-survey-mexico.htm).
xi, 395 pages : illustrations, map, plans ; 24 x 32 cm
  • Conquest and Conversion
  • Anatomy of a Sixteenth-Century Convento
  • Space and Ritual of Convento Architecture
  • Architectural Styles
  • Retablos, Murals, and Sculpture
  • Grounds and Setting
  • Time and Transformation
  • Churches of Hidalgo
  • Churches of the State of Mexico and Mexico City
  • Churches of Morelos
  • Churches of Puebla and Tlaxcala
  • Churches of Michoacán
  • Churches of Oaxaca
  • Churches of Chiapas
  • Churches of Yucatán
  • Appendix. Chart of Sixteenth-Century Conventos.
Green Library
217 p.
This first review of Mexico’s energy policies by the International Energy Agency comes at a momentous time for the country’s energy sector. The broad-based Energy Reform, beginning with the Constitutional changes of December 2013, has continued at a steady and impressive pace. Its reach and scope amounts to one of the most ambitious energy system transformations in decades. The IEA applauds the government of Mexico for the progress made to date. Starting from a largely closed and monopoly-driven energy market, the reform has taken concrete steps to harness market forces to attract investments and increase production while ensuring transparency and rule of law, improving energy security and strengthening the environmental sustainability of the energy sector. Some policy areas, such as promoting competition and redesigning emergency preparedness, will have to remain a priority. The transition to open energy markets should continue in a transparent manner, and with regulatory certainty. The new roles and responsibilities for the public and private entities, in particular for energy supply emergencies and energy data collection, should be defined well. It is also critical to ensure sufficient resources for the several new or strengthened regulatory authorities. For the long term, as Mexico’s population, cities and economy are projected to grow strongly, a cross-sectoral approach is required to limit the increase in energy demand and energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. This review analyses the energy policy challenges facing Mexico and provides recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure, sustainable and affordable energy future.
28 p.
In a bold policy effort, Mexico recently moved away from subsidies to transport fuels, increased tax rates on these fuels and introduced a carbon tax. This paper analyses these reforms using a broad set of criteria that consider the main practical dimensions of environmental policy design: environmental effectiveness, equity and distributional impacts, broader tax system impacts, macroeconomic effects, compliance and administration, policy process and consistency. The reforms significantly improve the extent to which the external costs of energy use are reflected in prices and increase government revenues, but, as price deregulation progresses further, more attention may need to be devoted to analysing and addressing the policies’ distributive effects. The analysis also highlights that ease of administration and collection are an important and desirable property of carbon taxes, especially in emerging market contexts.
352 p. : ill. ; 21x28 cm.
  • Prólogo y agradecimientos
  • Acrónimos y abreviaturas
  • Resumen ejecutivo
  • Fortalecer la estructura y la gobernanza de la función de contratación pública de PEMEX
  • Instrumentar sólidas estrategias organizacionales de contratación pública en PEMEX
  • Promover los objetivos complementarios de política mediante la contratación pública de PEMEX
  • Aumentar las competencias para la contratación pública en PEMEX
  • Garantizar la claridad y reducir al mínimo los riesgos de contratación pública mediante documentos de licitación y contratos modelo en PEMEX
  • Garantizar la integridad durante todo el ciclo de contratación pública de PEMEX
  • Asegurar la rendición de cuentas mediante la transparencia y una vinculación más fuerte con la sociedad civil
  • Asegurar la eficacia en el control interno y la gestión de riesgos en las actividades de contratación pública de PEMEX
  • Sistema de revisión e impugnaciones de las decisiones de contratación pública de PEMEX
  • Contratación electrónica: Implementar un entorno de TI sólido para sostener las actividades de contratación pública de PEMEX
  • Revisar las actividades previas a la convocatoria de PEMEX para propiciar una función de contratación pública más sólida
  • Aumentar la eficiencia y la equidad en el proceso de licitación y adjudicación de contratos de PEMEX
  • Sistema de información sobre contratación y gestión del desempeño: Hacia una toma de decisiones basada en eviencias en la contratación pública de PEMEX
  • Garantizar resultados para PEMEX: Implantar una gestión de contratos sólida después de su adjudicación.
Este reporte sobre la empresa petrolera estatal de México, PEMEX, es parte de una serie de estudios de la OCDE sobre las contrataciones públicas en instituciones mexicanas. El sistema de contrataciones públicas de PEMEX fue reformado después de que la Reforma Energética de 2013 abrió el sector a la participación privada, haciendo que PEMEX tenga que competir en los mercados. Utilizando la Recomendación del Consejo de la OCDE sobre Contrataciones Públicas 2015 como referencia, este reporte analiza la efectividad e integridad del sistema completo de contrataciones públicas de PEMEX, identificando una serie de acciones de mejora. Un sistema de contrataciones públicas de clase mundial puede ayudar a PEMEX no solo a lograr valor por el dinero de manera sostenida, sino también apoyar otros objetivos de política pública social y ambiental en México.
140 p. : ill. ; 21x28cm.
  • Estadísticas Básicas de México, 2015
  • Resumen ejecutivo
  • Evaluación y recomendaciones
  • Seguimiento de las recomendaciones anteriores de la OCDE sobre políticas públicas
  • Hacia una sociedad más incluyente
  • Impulsar la productividad mediante la integración en las cadenas globales de valor.
Las ambiciosas reformas estructurales y las sólidas políticas macroeconómicas han asegurado la resistencia de la economía mexicana, sumamente abierta, ante las desafiantes condiciones mundiales. El crecimiento de la productividad de México repuntó hace poco en los sectores que se beneficiaron de las reformas estructurales: energético, financiero y de telecomunicaciones. La apertura comercial, la inversión extranjera directa, la integración en las cadenas globales de valor y los incentivos a la innovación han impulsado las exportaciones, en especial las de automóviles. Sin embargo, otros sectores se han rezagado, al verse afectados por regulaciones locales demasiado rigurosas, instituciones jurídicas débiles, informalidad arraigada, corrupción y desarrollo financiero insuficiente. Por otra parte, el crecimiento no ha sido suficientemente incluyente para lograr mejores condiciones de vida para todas las familias mexicanas, muchas de las cuales viven en la pobreza; y cuyas oportunidades para los hijos de superar a sus padres podrían mejorarse. Las políticas anteriores ya han empezado a corregir estas tendencias, pero es necesario hacer más en este sentido. El Estudio de 2017 hace recomendaciones clave que podrían ayudar a estimular la productividad y hacer que el crecimiento sea más incluyente. CAPÍTULOS ESPECIALES: CRECIMIENTO INCLUYENTE; PRODUCTIVIDAD
312 p. : ill. ; 21x28cm.
  • ÍNDICE Resumen ejecutivo Evaluación y recomendaciones Capítulo 1. La economía de Morelos Capítulo 2. La promoción del crecimiento incluyente en Morelos Capítulo 3. El fomento de un enfoque integrado del desarrollo territorial de Morelos Capítulo 4. La mejora de la gobernanza para impulsar el desarrollo económico y social regional en Morelos
Morelos es uno de los estados más pequeños de México y cercano a Ciudad de México. Cuenta con una serie de activos económicos y medioambientales en su territorio, pero tiene bajos niveles de productividad. Este estudio analiza cómo Morelos está tratando de impulsar su economía, particularmente mediante políticas de crecimiento incluyente, como la mejora del capital humano y la promoción de la innovación. También destaca las áreas de potencial inexplotado para el crecimiento económico en las áreas rurales y los sectores de turismo y medio ambiente, y ofrece sugerencias sobre cómo Morelos podría abordar los desafíos de la gobernanza.
41 p.
Financial inclusion and women entrepreneurship concern policymakers because of their impact on job creation, economic growth and women empowerment. Women in Mexico do engage in paid work but many of them work in the informal sector because they lack opportunities to work in the formal sector. Moreover, financial exclusion rate in Mexico remains the highest amongst OECD countries, affecting women in particular. This paper uses an individual-based panel dataset over the period 2009-2015 to examine the determinants of women entrepreneurship in Mexico and to determine the relationship between women entrepreneurship and financial inclusion across informal and formal work and across economic sectors. The results suggest that financial inclusion is positively linked with entrepreneurship and it can open up economic opportunities for women entrepreneurs. Various financial access points like banking branches, POS terminals, banking agents, ATMs and microfinance banks can be a gateway to the use of additional financial services which can allow businesses development through access to credit facilities. However, the positive relationship between women entrepreneurship and financial inclusion does not hold for women entrepreneurs working in the informal sector or women working in the commerce sector, highlighting lower entry barriers, including financial, in the informal sector and problems pertaining to financial illiteracy. Results also highlight that the probability of a women being an entrepreneur in the informal sector is higher than in the formal sector. Education, age, income, marital status (married or divorced), and income level at the municipality level are amongst other significant determinants which are positively linked with women entrepreneurship. The results also highlight the existence of gender disparity in the status of entrepreneurship across formal and informal work in Mexico. On average, women are about 56% less likely to be entrepreneurs in the formal sector and 63% more likely to be entrepreneurs in the informal sector, as compared to men, after taking into account other relevant individual and municipality level characteristics that are important in explaining entrepreneurship.
xiii, 327 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.
  • List of Illustrations Acknowledgments Introduction: The Uses of a National Museum 1. Genealogies 2. Measures of Worth 3. Collecting the Ruins of Palenque 4. Modes of Display 5. Jose Fernando Ramirez, Keeper of the Archive 6. Whose Museum? Epilogue: The Invention of Mexican Antiquities Notes Bibliography Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781496203373 20171201
From Idols to Antiquity explores the origins and tumultuous development of the National Museum of Mexico and the complicated histories of Mexican antiquities during the first half of the nineteenth century. Following independence from Spain, the National Museum of Mexico was founded in 1825 by presidential decree. Nationhood meant cultural as well as political independence, and the museum was expected to become a repository of national objects whose stories would provide the nation with an identity and teach its people to become citizens.Miruna Achim reconstructs the early years of the museum as an emerging object shaped by the logic and goals of historical actors who soon found themselves debating the origin of American civilizations, the nature of the American races, and the rightful ownership of antiquities. Achim also brings to life an array of fascinating characters-antiquarians, naturalists, artists, commercial agents, bureaucrats, diplomats, priests, customs officers, local guides, and academics on both sides of the Atlantic-who make visible the rifts and tensions intrinsic to the making of the Mexican nation and its cultural politics in the country's postcolonial era.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781496203373 20171201
Green Library
96 p. : ill. ; 16x23 cm
  • Prólogo y agradecimientos
  • Acrónimos y abreviaturas
  • Resumen ejecutivo
  • Evaluación y recomendaciones
  • Metodología y enfoque
  • Contexto del sector
  • Gobernanza externa del sector energético.
Como “árbitros del mercado”, los órganos reguladores necesitan estar constantemente en alerta, dar seguimiento a las tendencias y evaluar el impacto de sus decisiones. ¿Qué debería medirse? ¿Es posible atribuir las consecuencias a las decisiones de los órganos reguladores? ¿Cómo hacer un uso eficaz de lo que se mide? ¿Cómo optimizar la gobernanza y la estructura organizacional del regulador? Abordar estas preguntas con eficacia puede determinar en última instancia si los trenes llegarán a tiempo, si sale agua limpia en la llave, si las luces encienden, si el teléfono y el internet funcionan y si hay dinero en los cajeros automáticos. Para ayudar a los reguladores a definir cómo evaluar mejor su desempeño, la OCDE ha desarrollado un Marco para la Evaluación del Desempeño de los Reguladores Económicos (PAFER, por sus siglas en inglés) que observa a las instituciones, los procesos y las prácticas que ayudan a los reguladores a mejorar su impacto. Este informe aplica el PAFER a la gobernanza externa del sector energético de México y a sus tres órganos reguladores: la Agencia de Seguridad, Energía y Ambiente (ASEA), la Comisión Nacional de Hidrocarburos (CNH) y la Comisión Reguladora de Energía (CRE), luego de una reforma estructural del sector y de sus instituciones reguladoras. Lo complementan estudios de la gobernanza interna de los tres órganos reguladores, constituyendo una estructura integral y única sobre la gobernanza regulatoria del sector energético de México. Es parte de la serie La gobernanza de los reguladores, que conjunta investigación y recomendaciones para ser “órganos reguladores de clase mundial”, recurriendo a experiencias de más de 70 reguladores económicos de los sectores de energía, comunicaciones, transporte, agua y sistemas de pagos. www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/ner.htm Contenido Evaluación y recomendaciones Capítulo 1. Metodología y enfoque Capítulo 2. Contexto del sector Capítulo 3. Gobernanza externa del sector energético
viii, 221 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
  • * Acknowledgments * Introduction. Before the Camp * Chapter 1. Congregation: Urbanization and the Construction of the Indian * Chapter 2. Enclosure: The Architecture of Mestizo Conversion * Chapter 3. Segregation: Sovereignty, Economy, and the Problem with Mixture * Chapter 4. Collection: Imperial Botany and Racialized Life * Epilogue. Primitive Racialization * Notes * Bibliography * Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781477312605 20170612
Many scholars believe that the modern concentration camp was born during the Cuban war for independence when Spanish authorities ordered civilians living in rural areas to report to the nearest city with a garrison of Spanish troops. But the practice of spatial concentration-gathering people and things in specific ways, at specific places, and for specific purposes-has a history in Latin America that reaches back to the conquest. In this paradigm-setting book, Daniel Nemser argues that concentration projects, often tied to urbanization, laid an enduring, material groundwork, or infrastructure, for the emergence and consolidation of new forms of racial identity and theories of race. Infrastructures of Race traces the use of concentration as a technique for colonial governance by examining four case studies from Mexico under Spanish rule: centralized towns, disciplinary institutions, segregated neighborhoods, and general collections. Nemser shows how the colonial state used concentration in its attempts to build a new spatial and social order, and he explains why the technique flourished in the colonies. Although the designs for concentration were sometimes contested and short-lived, Nemser demonstrates that they provided a material foundation for ongoing processes of racialization. This finding, which challenges conventional histories of race and mestizaje (racial mixing), promises to deepen our understanding of the way race emerges from spatial politics and techniques of population management.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781477312605 20170612
Green Library
1 online resource (34 pages) : color illustrations, maps
xii, 276 pages : illustrations, map ; 24 cm
  • A brief overview of the first years of the Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities (1996-2003)
  • The production of knowledge on the terrain of autonomy : research as a topic of political debate
  • Social memories of struggle and racialized (e)states
  • Zapatista agrarian reform within the racialized fields of Chiapas
  • Women's collectives and the politicized (re)production of social life
  • Mandar obedeciendo; or, pedagogy and the art of governing
  • Conclusion : Zapatismo as the struggle to live within the lekil kuxlejal tradition of autonomy.
Green Library
247 pages ; 23 cm.
  • Presentación / Patricia Galeana
  • El largo año de 1917 / Javier Garciadiego
  • La cultura el año de 1917 / Aurelio de los Reyes
  • Economía y revolución, 1910-1924 / Enrique Semo
  • La Constitución de 1857 y el orden jurídico en 1917 / José Gamas Torruco.
Green Library