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1 online resource (707 p.) : ill. (some col.), col. charts
"As cities continue to play an increasingly significant role in driving economic growth in many countries, competition among cities have shifted from the national level to the global arena. In this context, international benchmarks for cities are vital for businesses and individuals to make informed decisions. In particular, cost of living, wages and purchasing power are of great interest to employees, employers, multinational corporations and policy-makers as basic indicators tracking urban living standards. This publication by the Asia Competitiveness Institute (ACI) provides annual indices and rankings for cost of living for expatriates as well as indices and rankings for cost of living, wages and purchasing power for ordinary residents in 103 global cities since 2005. The ACI's study reflects salient differences in costs of living for expatriate and ordinary urban dwellers which arise from variations in their lifestyles and consumption preferences. This is of critical significance as cost of living for the former is usually conflated as that for the latter by the general public. In this book, we also delve into the analysis of the nexus between liveability, cost of living and purchasing power. We outline the trends and patterns of these benchmarks and explore if there are trade-offs between liveability and affordability. The ACI's study has received considerable interest from reputable media outlets such as the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and the Edge Malaysia."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (202 p.) : col. ill., col. maps.
"An underpinning force in Singapore's remarkable 50-year transformation into a sophisticated world-class city, engineering has contributed significantly to the nation's economic, infrastructural and social developments. A joint publication by The Institution of Engineers, Singapore, and World Scientific Publishing, to celebrate Singapore's 50th birthday, 50 Years of Engineering in Singapore brings to life the extraordinary engineering feats across multiple disciplines and tells the stories of these exceptional engineers who, with their determinations and courage, turned the little red dot into a jewel of a city. A vibrant record of engineering excellence, the publication traces the goliath challenges impeding the nation's growth over the past five decades, and the engineering innovations that brought about wealth creation, higher standards of living, and enhanced liveability. This compendium covers land transportation (ERP system, MRT and LRT, roads and buses system); water management and engineering; energy (supply and maintenance); manufacturing in the areas of electronics, precision engineering, chemical and pharmaceutical/bio-medical engineering; housing/cities/infrastructure and land use (reclamation and underground); air and sea hub; and telecommunications, ICT and software."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (302 p.) : ill.
"The book presents a theory of abstract duality pairs which arises by replacing the scalar field by an Abelian topological group in the theory of dual pair of vector spaces. Examples of abstract duality pairs are vector valued series, spaces of vector valued measures, spaces of vector valued integrable functions, spaces of linear operators and vector valued sequence spaces. These examples give rise to numerous applications such as abstract versions of the Orlicz–Pettis Theorem on subseries convergent series, the Uniform Boundedness Principle, the Banach–Steinhaus Theorem, the Nikodym Convergence theorems and the Vitali–Hahn–Saks Theorem from measure theory and the Hahn–Schur Theorem from summability. There are no books on the current market which cover the material in this book. Readers will find interesting functional analysis and the many applications to various topics in real analysis."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (302 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"Green Chemistry has evolved in response to several environmental issues in the second half of the last century, mostly due to the almost freely expanding chemical, petrochemical, and pharmaceutical industries. During the past two decades Green Chemistry grew rapidly and we can now consider this area as a mature and powerful field. Tremendous development has taken place in many important areas including renewable energy and resources, reaction environments, catalysis, synthesis, chemical biology, green materials, in situ monitoring and facile recycling. The combination of Green Chemistry with engineering, biology, toxicology, and physics will lead to novel interdisciplinary systems, which can now lift Green Chemistry to the next, advanced level. The editors of this book have assembled as authors among the best specialists of this growing area of research. This collection of reviews and perspectives provides an exciting vision of the more recent developments in Green Chemistry. It illustrates the breath of the field and its role to address environmental issues. This volume will serve as a book of reference showing a panoramic view of the field and a preview of its future direction as well as a book of inspiration for those aiming to further advance its frontiers."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (893 p.) : ill.
"This book provides a comprehensive introduction to Fock space theory and its applications to mathematical quantum field theory. The first half of the book, Part I, is devoted to detailed descriptions of analysis on abstract Fock spaces (full Fock space, boson Fock space, fermion Fock space and boson-fermion Fock space). It includes the mathematics of second quantization, representation theory of canonical commutation relations and canonical anti-commutation relations, Bogoliubov transformations, infinite-dimensional Dirac operators and supersymmetric quantum field in an abstract form. The second half of the book, Part II, covers applications of the mathematical theories in Part I to quantum field theory. Four kinds of free quantum fields are constructed and detailed analyses are made. A simple interacting quantum field model, called the van Hove model, is fully analyzed in an abstract form. Moreover, a list of interacting quantum field models is presented and a short description to each model is given. To graduate students in mathematics or physics who are interested in the mathematical aspects of quantum field theory, this book is a good introductory text. It is also well suited for self-study and will provide readers a firm foundation of knowledge and mathematical techniques for reading more advanced books and current research articles in the field of mathematical analysis on quantum fields. Also, numerous problems are added to aid readers to develop a deeper understanding of the field."-- Provided by publisher.
Stanford Project for Open Knowledge in Epidemiology (SPOKE)
Background Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are anticipated to decrease the zinc and iron concentrations of crops. The associated disease burden, and optimal mitigation strategies, remain unknown. We sought to understand where and to what extent increasing carbon dioxide concentrations may increase the global burden of nutritional deficiencies through changes in crop nutrient concentrations, and the effects of potential mitigation strategies. Methods and Findings For each of 137 countries, we incorporated estimates of climate change, crop nutrient concentrations, dietary patterns, and disease risk into a microsimulation model of zinc and iron deficiency. These estimates were obtained from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Statistics Division, and Global Burden of Disease Project, respectively. In the absence of increasing carbon dioxide concentrations, we estimated that zinc and iron deficiencies would induce 1072.9 million disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) globally over the period 2015 to 2050 (95% Credible Interval (CrI): 971.1 to 1167.7). In the presence of increasing carbon dioxide concentrations, we estimated that decreasing zinc and iron concentrations of crops would induce an additional 125.8 million DALYs globally over the same period (95% CrI: 113.6, 138.9). This carbon dioxide-induced disease burden is projected to disproportionately affect nations in the World Health Organization’s South-East Asian and African regions (44.0 and 28.5 million DALYs, respectively), which already have high existing disease burdens from zinc and iron deficiencies (364.3 and 299.5 million DALYs, respectively), increasing global nutritional inequalities. Climate mitigation strategies such as the Paris Agreement would be expected to avert 48.2% of this burden (95% CrI: 47.8%, 48.5%), while traditional public health interventions including nutrient supplementation and disease control programs would be expected to avert 26.6% of the burden (95% CrI: 23.8 to 29.6%). Of the traditional public health interventions, zinc supplementation would be expected to avert 5.5%, iron supplementation 15.7%, malaria mitigation 3.2%, diarrhea mitigation 1.6%, and pneumonia mitigation 0.5%. The primary limitations of the analysis include uncertainty regarding how food consumption patterns may change with climate, disease mortality rates will change over time, and crop zinc and iron concentrations will decline from those at present to those in 2050. Conclusions Effects of increased carbon dioxide on crop nutrient concentrations are anticipated to exacerbate inequalities in zinc and iron deficiencies by 2050. Proposed Paris Agreement strategies are expected to be more effective than traditional public health measures to avert the increased inequality.
1 online resource (346 p.) : ill. (some col).
  • Controlled drug release systems : mechanisms and kinetics / M Sanopoulou and K G Papadokostaki
  • Membranes for artificial kidney / J Vienken
  • Advanced blood purification therapies / O de Beek, I Geremia, D Pavlenko and D Stamatialis
  • Membranes for artificial lung and gas exchange applications / F Wiese
  • Membranes for bioartificial kidney / N V Chevtchik, P Caetano-Pinto, R Masereeuw and D Stamatialis
  • Membrane-based bioartificial liver devices / S Khakpour, H M M Ahmed and L De Bartolo
  • Are co-culture approaches able to improve biological functions of membrane-based bioartificial livers? / V Pandolfi, U Pereira, M Dufresne and C Legallais
  • Membranes for bioartificial pancreas / K Skryzpek, A van Apelddorn and D Stamatialis
  • Health economic evaluation during the translation of medical technologies : involving users in the design of bio-artificial pancreas transplantation scenarios for type i diabetes / M IJzerman, T Wissing and E de Koning
  • Membranes for regenerative medicine in clinical applications / G Falvo, D Labate and G Catapano
  • Membranes for organs on chips / M P Tibbe, L I Segerink, A D van der Meer, D Stamatialis and A van den Berg.
"This book focusses on the development of biomedical membranes and their applications for (bio)artificial organs. It covers the state of art and main challenges for applying synthetic membranes in these organs. It also highlights the importance of accomplishing an integration of engineering with biology and medicine to understand and manage the scientific, industrial, clinical and ethical aspects of these organs. The compendium consists of 11 chapters, written by world renowned experts in the fields of membrane technology, biomaterials science and technology, cell biology, medicine and engineering. Every chapter describes the clinical needs and the materials, membranes, and concepts required for the successful development of the (bio)artificial organs. This text is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students in biomedical engineering, materials science and membrane science and technology, as well as, for professionals and researchers working in these fields."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (231 p.) : ill. (some col.), col. maps.
  • Assessing Seasonal Climate Forecasts Over Africa to Support Decision-Making / Niko Wanders and Eric F Wood
  • Variability and Predictability of Climate Linked to Extreme Events / Swadhin Behera
  • Subseasonal Prediction of Extreme Weather Events / Bin Wang and Ja-Yeon Moon
  • Climate Services: For Informing Decisions and Managing Risk / Neil Plummer, Agata Imielska, Karl Braganza, David Jones, Janita Pahalad, Scott Power, Martin Schweitzer, Andrew Watkins, David Walland and Perry Wiles
  • Early Warning, Resilient Infrastructure and Risk Transfer / David P Rogers, Haleh Kootval and Vladimir V Tsirkunov
  • Climate Services for Sustainable Development / Mannava V K Sivakumar and Filipe Lucio
  • Future Changes of Extreme Weather and Natural Disasters due to Climate Change in Japan and Southeast Asia / Eiichi Nakakita, Yasuto Tachikawa, Tetsuya Takemi, Nobuhito Mori and Kenji Tanaka
  • Climate Change and Stream Temperature in the Willamette River Basin: Implications for Fish Habitat / Heejun Chang, Eric Watson and Angela Strecker
  • An Integrated Approach for Flood Inundation Modeling on Large Scales / Venkatesh Merwade, Mohammad Adnan Rajib and Zhu Liu
  • Service and Research on Seasonal Streamflow Forecasting in Australia / P M Feikema, Q J Wang, S Zhou, D Shin, D E Robertson, A Schepen, J Lerat, J C Bennett, N K Tuteja and D Jayasuriya
  • A Holistic Framework to Assess Drought Preparedness / Ximing Cai, Majid Shafiee-Jood, Yan Ge, Sylwia Kokoszka and Tushar Apurv
  • Priorities of the WMO Commission for Hydrology in the Context of Water, Climate and Risk Management / Liu Zhiyu
  • From Prediction to Scenario Analysis: A Brief Review and Commentary / Bryan C Bates.
"Since 1980, the number of climate-related disasters has been greatly increased globally. Scientific consensus based on the IPCC fifth report suggested that global warming would bring more intense and frequent extreme climate events. These climate-related disasters hinder the achievement of sustainable economic growth and prosperity by disrupting supply chains, impeding production, destroying infrastructure, and necessitating high-cost rebuilding and recovery. To mitigate the climate extreme risks and possible losses, it is essential to maximize the utilization of scientific outputs and to share best practices in disaster risk management. Aligned with such purposes, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Climate Center (APCC) hosts the APEC Climate Symposium (APCS) every year. APCS focused on drought prediction and management in 2013, climate extremes and hydrological disaster in 2014, and efficient use of climate information for disaster risk management in 2015. This book aims to compile some of the important results from the latest research in climate extreme prediction and services and its application studies with a focus on climate extremes such as typhoons, droughts, and floods based on the APCS presentations during 2013–2015."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (296 p.) : ill. (some col.)
  • Introducing bacteria
  • Friend or foe?
  • A silent battle in the body
  • A history of the hard and difficult war against bacteria
  • A protracted tug of war
  • Who will be the winner? The war continues.
"This book explains how pathogenic bacteria cause diseases, how the human immune system launches timely and effective defense mechanisms against bacterial infection, why the discovery and application of penicillin and streptomycin are so important, how scientists have created medicines to defeat bacteria, and why these bacteria might outsmart modern medicine. On the other hand, bacteria can be beneficial to humans: some bacteria live in harmony with the human body, and they are indispensable to our health. They also help in refining biological energy in the post-fossil fuel era, and in producing fermented food. With accessible language, illustrations and comics, this book tells the story of our tumultuous relationship with bacteria and how it has shaped history."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (165 p.) : ill. (some col.)
  • Six Common Mistakes in Selling a Business to an Unrelated Third Party
  • Six More Common Mistakes in Selling a Business
  • Marketing the Business
  • Letters of Intent and Due Diligence
  • Negotiating Key Sale Terms
  • Negotiating Employment and Consulting Agreements
  • Avoiding Traps in the Agreement of Sale
  • Creating a Professional Advisory Team
  • Leveraged Recapitalization
  • Selling to Other Family Members and/or Key Employees
  • The ESOP Alternative
  • Going Public in a Traditional IPO
  • The Regulation A Alternative
  • Appendix I: IRS Form 8594.
"This book analyzes various business exit strategies for both family-owned businesses as well as other businesses, both in the United States and throughout the world. Approximately 80% to 90% of all businesses in the world are family-owned. The book discusses, among other things, 12 common mistakes in attempting to sell a business to third parties, methods of marketing the business, negotiation of key sale terms, negotiating employment and consulting agreements, avoiding traps in sale agreements, creating a professional advisory team, and alternatives to a sale to an unrelated third party, such as ESOPs, leverage recapitalizations, selling to other family members or key employees, and going public transactions."-- Provided by publisher.