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Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (212 p.) : ill. (some col.)
  • Classical cosmology
  • Early modern cosmology
  • Modern cosmology
  • Contemporary cosmology
  • Looking into the future.
"Cooking Cosmos is an exciting book that traces the history of men's endeavor to understand the Universe, and answers the eternal questions: "Who made this World?" "Where did it come from?" "How and why did it begin?" Thousands of years of continual interaction with nature has brought mankind to the present stage when we have some inkling about the working of nature. We now know that the Earth, our habitat, is only one of the planets orbiting the Sun. The Sun itself is a star among billions of stars in the Universe. We know that our solar system came into existence some 4.5 billion years ago and it is but only a tiny component of our galaxy, the Milky Way. Our Universe contains some 100 billion of galaxies. We know that the Universe itself came into existence with the Big Bang some 13.7 billion years ago and even now galaxies are receding from each other with ever increasing speed. This book takes you through the intellectual journey of mankind, unraveling the mysteries of the Cosmos. Starting from Aristotle's Earth-centered Universe, it will take you step by step to the Copernican Sun-centered Universe, to Hubble's expanding Universe, to the Big Bang, to the currently accepted accelerating Universe. In the process, the book explores the origin of space-time, black hole, black hole radiation, dark matter, dark energy, quantum gravity, string theory, all in terms comprehensible to general audiences."--Publisher's website.
Collection
Stanford Project for Open Knowledge in Epidemiology (SPOKE)
A diet high in fruits and vegetables (FV) is associated with reduced risk of chronic disease. One strategy to incentivize FV consumption among low-income households is to make them more affordable through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). This study aims to identify the cost effectiveness of subsidizing FV purchases among the one in seven Americans who participate in SNAP. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted from a societal perspective to estimate lifetime costs and health gains associated with subsidizing FV purchases. A stochastic microsimulation model of obesity, type 2 diabetes, myocardial infarction, and stroke in the 2015 U.S. population was used. Model parameters were based on nationally representative SNAP participation and dietary consumption data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2012), and data from a randomized trial of FV subsidies among SNAP users. RESULTS: Despite cycling of participants in and out of SNAP, expanding an FV subsidy nationwide through SNAP would be expected to reduce incidence of type 2 diabetes by 1.7% (95% CI=1.2, 2.2), myocardial infarction by 1.4% (95% CI=0.9, 1.9), stroke by 1.2% (95% CI=0.8, 1.6), and obesity by 0.2% (95% CI=0.1, 0.3), and be cost saving from a societal perspective. The saved costs would be largely attributable to long-term reductions in type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. CONCLUSIONS: The model suggests nationwide SNAP FV subsidies would reduce chronic disease morbidity, mortality, and costs over long time horizons that are unlikely to be observed in short-term community-based trials.
Collection
Reproducible Research Support for Statistics of the Microbiome
This item contains data, fitted models, and model evaluation data associated with the study "Latent Variable Modeling for the Microbiome." Further, we include a docker image with all dependencies preinstalled, so that analysis can be easily replicated. See the README.md for directions on using the image. The code used to generating these results are available at the github link, and inside the docker image. In addition to providing code for fitting models, our work describes ways to investigate modeling results, through relevant diagnostics and uncertainty assessments. Our experiments suggest that text modeling techniques can be a useful alternative to standard dimension-reduction methods when samples are collected with more complex dependence structure, as is often the case in microbiome data.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (206 p.) : ill.
"The Economic Foundations of Risk Management presents the theory, the practice, and applies this knowledge to provide a forensic analysis of some well-known risk management failures. By doing so, this book introduces a unified framework for understanding how to manage the risk of an individual's or corporation's or financial institution's assets and liabilities. The book is divided into five parts. The first part studies the markets and the assets and liabilities that trade therein. Markets are differentiated based on whether they are competitive or not, frictionless or not (and the type of friction), and actively traded or not. Assets are divided into two types: primary assets and financial derivatives. The second part studies models for determining the risks of the traded assets. Models provided include the Black-Scholes-Merton, the Heath-Jarrow-Morton, and the reduced form model for credit risk. Liquidity risk, operational risk, and trading constraint models are also contained therein. The third part studies the conceptual solution to an individual's, firm's, and bank's risk management problem. This formulation involves solving a complex dynamic programming problem that cannot be applied in practice. Consequently, Part IV investigates how risk management is actually done in practice via the use of diversification, static hedging, and dynamic hedging. Finally, Part V applies these collective insights to six case studies, which are famous risk management failures. These are Penn Square Bank, Metallgesellschaft, Orange County, Barings Bank, Long Term Capital Management, and Washington Mutual. The credit crisis is also discussed to understand how risk management failed for many institutions and why."--Publisher's website.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (298 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"Is wind power the answer to our energy supply problems? Is there enough wind for everyone? Is offshore generation better than onshore generation? Can a roof-mounted wind turbine generate enough electricity to supply a typical domestic household? Electricity Generation Using Wind Power (2nd Edition) answers these pressing questions through its detailed coverage of the different types of electrical generator machines used, as well as the power electronic converter technologies and control principles employed. Also covered is the integration of wind farms into established electricity grid systems, plus environmental and economic aspects of wind generation. Written for technically minded readers, especially electrical engineers concerned with the possible use of wind power for generating electricity, it incorporates some global meteorological and geographical features of wind supply plus a survey of past and present wind turbines. Included is a technical assessment of the choice of turbine sites. The principles and analysis of wind power conversion, transmission and efficiency evaluation are described. This book includes worked numerical examples in some chapters, plus end of chapter problems and review questions, with answers. As a textbook it is pitched at the level of final year undergraduate engineering study but may also be useful as a textbook or reference for wider technical studies."--Publisher's website.

46. FIFA 18 [2017]

Software/Multimedia
1 computer optical disc : sound, color ; 4 3/4 in. Sound: digital; optical; surround. Video: optical; NTSC. Digital: all regions.
Play as various soccer players.
Media & Microtext Center
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (568 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"Pesticides are now accepted as an integral part of modern agricultural production. This book provides analysis of the steps taken by national and international bodies working towards a cohesive global strategy for evaluating the safety of residues in food that result from approved pesticide uses. Also described is the role of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Health Organization (WHO) and Codex Alimentarius in developing standards that protect the health of the consumers and ensure fair practices in the food trade. It goes on to look at the promotion of good agricultural practice in the use of pesticides and the need for control in their practical use. These include sampling, testing the compliance of marketed products against legal limits and verifying the effectiveness of the safety-based regulatory measures. This is a specialist book for those looking to go into the field of international food safety, for students and lecturers studying the topic, for policy makers working on public health and agricultural issues, and personnel responsible for taking samples and performing the analysis of pesticide formulations and residues."--Publisher's website.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (321 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"This memoir presents a special look into Professor Cheng-Few Lee's formative childhood years, his distinguished career as a respected scholar and conference organizer, and his substantial experience in the fields of education and policy-making. It shares the innovative methods and forward-looking educational philosophy that underpin the rigorous training of his students in finance and accounting. This memoir also reflects upon Professor Lee's life experiences, and his involvement in business consulting and government policy-making. Readers will enjoy this private retrospection into the memories, experiences, and philosophy of this humble man, who is counted among the most published finance professors and experienced journal editors in the world."--Publisher's website.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (174 p.) : ill.
"Rapid pace of electronic technology evolution and current economic climate compel a merger of such technical areas as low-power digital electronics, microwave power circuits, optoelectronics, etc., which collectively have become the foundation of today's electronic technology. This Workshop aims at encouraging active cross-fertilization of the different "species" in this electronic planet. The WOFE2015 had gather experts from academia, industry, and government agencies to review the recent exciting breakthroughs and their underlying physical mechanisms. This Monographs includes ten invited articles; cover topics ranging from Ultra-thin silicon nanowire solar cells, to hydrogen generation under illumination of GaN-based structures and from ultrafast response of nanoscale device structures to Power device optimization."--Publisher's website.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (579 p.) : ill. (some col).
"What is bioengineering all about? How will it impact the future? Can it find the cure for diabetes and other chronic diseases? A long-awaited continuation of the 2004 book, Understanding the Human Machine: A Primer for Bioengineering, this volume intends to address these questions and more. Written together with 18 scientists active in the field, Max E. Valentinuzzi brings his decades of teaching bioengineering and physiology at the undergraduate and graduate levels to readers, giving a profound, and sometimes philosophical, insight into the realm of bioengineering."--Publisher's website.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (723 p.) : ill.
"There are three stages to outsourcing: The first occurred at the dawn of industrial era in the 19th century, where mass production for consumption by many, became the norm and simple domestic means could not meet such demands. With the cost of labor soaring in developed countries, manufacturing of products started moving to countries like China to take advantage of labor arbitrage in the 1900s. This is the second stage of outsourcing. This book addresses issues and challenges in the third stage of outsourcing whose focus is on movement of services at electronic speed, utilizing the Internet platform. The book includes short essay questions, multiple choice questions, mini-cases at the end of most chapters and glossary of terms. It can also serve as a good reference book for practitioners."--Publisher's website.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (681 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"Gold Nanoparticles for Physics, Chemistry and Biology offers an overview of recent research into gold nanoparticles, covering their discovery, usage and contemporary practical applications. This Second Edition begins with a history of over 2000 years of the use of gold nanoparticles, with a review of the specific properties which make gold unique. Updated chapters include gold nanoparticle preparation methods, their plasmon resonance and thermo-optical properties, their catalytic properties and their future technological applications. New chapters have been included, and reveal the growing impact of plasmonics in research, with an introduction to quantum plasmonics, plasmon assisted catalysis and electro-photon conversion. The growing field of nanoparticles for health is also addressed with a study of gold nanoparticles as radiosensibiliser for radiotherapy, and of gold nanoparticle functionalisation. This new edition also considers the relevance of bimetallic nanoparticles for specific applications. World-class scientists provide the most up-to-date findings for an introduction to gold nanoparticles within the related areas of chemistry, biology, material science, optics and physics. It is perfectly suited to advanced level students and researchers looking to enhance their knowledge in the study of gold nanoparticles."--Publisher's website.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (403 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"Symmetries play a fundamental role in physics. Non-Abelian gauge symmetries are the symmetries behind theories for massless spin-1 particles, while the reparametrization symmetry is behind Einstein's gravity theory for massless spin-2 particles. In supersymmetric theories these particles can be connected also to massless fermionic particles. Does Nature stop at spin-2 or can there also be massless higher spin theories. In the past strong indications have been given that such theories do not exist. However, in recent times ways to evade those constraints have been found and higher spin gauge theories have been constructed. With the advent of the AdS/CFT duality correspondence even stronger indications have been given that higher spin gauge theories play an important role in fundamental physics. All these issues were discussed at a recent international workshop in Singapore where the leading scientists in the field participated. This volume presents an up-to-date, detailed overview of the theories including its historic background, as well as the latest accomplishments in understanding the foundational properties of higher spin physics."--Publisher's website.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (279 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"A unique individual with a fascinating life story, Ivar Giaever is a scientist who won the Nobel Prize in Experimental Physics in 1973. In his own words, Giaever relates an absorbing tale of how important luck and good fortune have been in shaping his life. He narrates the story of an ordinary childhood in Norway and an unremarkable undergraduate career at university. After finishing his engineering degree, he served in the Norwegian army and married his childhood sweetheart, Inger Skramstad. His desire to make a better life for his new family led Ivar to Canada and then to the United States. Even without an advanced degree in a scientific field, Ivar was given the opportunity to work with cutting-edge scientific researchers at General Electric R&D in Schenectady, New York. While there, he completed his PhD at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute — one of the United States' oldest technological universities. His work on superconductivity led to worldwide recognition and the Nobel Prize. This memoire is more than the story of an accomplished, world-renowned scientist: it is an engaging reminiscence of an independent, highly creative thinker and problem solver who loves games and puzzles, skiing and windsurfing, and time with friends and family. Dr Ivar Giaever's fascinating story intertwines his views on the nature of science, scientific processes, contemporary issues such as global warming, and the great benefits the Nobel Prize has afforded him. Written with humor and often tongue-in-cheek, "I am the Smartest Man I know" is one man's meditation on science, intellectual inquiry, and life itself."--Publisher's website.
Collection
Stanford Project for Open Knowledge in Epidemiology (SPOKE)
Intensive blood pressure treatment can avert cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, but cause some serious adverse events. We sought to identify patients more likely to experience benefit or harm from intensive treatment. We additionally sought to improve upon standard methods for identifying heterogeneity in treatment effects within clinical trials, using regularization to reduce overfitting and improve external validity of trial-based models. Cox models were derived from SPRINT trial data and validated on ACCORD-BP trial data to estimate risk of CVD events and serious adverse events, including terms for intensive blood pressure treatment and heterogeneous response to intensive treatment. The Cox models were then used to estimate the absolute reduction in probability of CVD events (benefit) and absolute increase in probability of serious adverse events (harm) for each individual from intensive treatment. We compared the method of elastic net regularization, which uses repeated internal cross-validation to select variables and estimate coefficients in the presence of collinearity, to a traditional backwards variable selection approach. Data from 9,069 SPRINT participants were utilized for model development, and data from 4,498 ACCORD-BP participants were utilized for model validation. Subjects were exposed to Intensive (systolic pressure <120 mmHg) versus standard (<140 mmHg) treatment. Two composite primary outcome measures were evaluated: (i) CVD events (myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, stroke, congestive heart failure, CVD death), and (ii) severe adverse events (hypotension, syncope, electrolyte abnormalities, bradycardia, or acute kidney injury/failure).Models for CVD and serious adverse events chosen through elastic net regularization (C-statistics of 0.71 for both, calibration slopes 1.06 and 1.10, respectively) included serum creatinine, pre-intensification blood pressure and medications, race/ethnicity, and Framingham score variables. SPRINT participants in the top predicted benefit tertile had a number needed to treat (NNT) of 24 to prevent one CVD event (absolute risk reduction [ARR] = 0.042, 95% CI: 0.018, 0.066; P = 0.001), in the middle predicted benefit tertile had a NNT of 76 (ARR = 0.013, -0.0001 to 0.026; P = 0.053), and in the bottom tertile had no significant risk reduction (ARR = 0.006; 95% CI: -0.007, 0.018; P = 0.71). Those in the top predicted harm tertile had a number needed to harm (NNH) of 23 to induce one serious adverse event (absolute risk increase [ARI] = 0.043; 95% CI: 0.014, 0.072; P = 0.004), in the middle predicted harm tertile had a NNH of 39 (ARI = 0.026, 95% CI: 0.011 to 0.040; P = 0.001), and in the bottom tertile had no significant risk increase (ARI = 0.008; 95% CI: -0.023, 0.040; P = 0.60). Seven percent of subjects were in a risk group with high predicted benefit but no significant harm, and another 23% with high predicted harm but no significant benefit. In ACCORD-BP, CVD and adverse event models chosen through elastic net regularization validated well with C-statistics of 0.69 and 0.71 and calibration slopes of 0.96 and 1.01, respectively. ACCORD-BP participants in the top tertile of predicted benefit had significant absolute CVD risk reduction, but the overall ACCORD-BP participant sample was skewed towards subjects with less benefit and more risk than in SPRINT, explaining discordant results between the two trials. By contrast with the elastic net models, the models chosen through traditional backwards selection had worse discrimination (C-statistics of 0.70 and 0.71 for CVD and serious adverse events in SPRINT, respectively, and 0.68 and 0.60 in ACCORD-BP) and worse calibration (slopes 1.08 and 1.16 for CVD and adverse events in SPRINT, and 1.04 and 0.54 in ACCORD-BP).
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (309 p.) : ill.
"The book is aimed at graduate students and researchers with basic knowledge of Probability and Integration Theory. It introduces classical inequalities in vector and functional spaces with applications to probability. It also develops new extensions of the analytical inequalities, with sharper bounds and generalizations to the sum or the supremum of random variables, to martingales and to transformed Brownian motions. The proofs of many new results are presented in great detail. Original tools are developed for spatial point processes and stochastic integration with respect to local martingales in the plane. This second edition covers properties of random variables and time continuous local martingales with a discontinuous predictable compensator, with exponential inequalities and new inequalities for their maximum variable and their p-variations. A chapter on stochastic calculus presents the exponential sub-martingales developed for stationary processes and their properties. Another chapter devoted itself to the renewal theory of processes and to semi-Markovian processes, branching processes and shock processes. The Chapman–Kolmogorov equations for strong semi-Markovian processes provide equations for their hitting times in a functional setting which extends the exponential properties of the Markovian processes."--Publisher's website.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (500 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"The scope of this extraordinary selection of essays, distilled from nearly a thousand works that the author has written, is literally the entire universe and universe of knowledge. It charts the author's quest for the meaning of life faced with a dominant knowledge system she regards as incoherent, meaningless, and often acting against people and planet. She shows how contemporary scientific findings across all disciplines already provide an authentic knowledge system that's coherent with life and the universe. The aim is to transform science thoroughly from inspiration to research to applications that work for people and planet. This book is simply unique in its scope and content. There is no equivalent. The author surveys and explains contemporary science in depth ranging over philosophy, anthropology, quantum physics and chemistry, neurobiology, psychology, genetics and epigenetics, cosmology, art, humanities, and mathematics. It presents a truly holistic view of nature, with profound implications for life in the social, political, and personal realm."--Publisher's website.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (561 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"The 2016 International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation Engineering (ICMAE2016) have been successfully held in Xiamen, China, on April 22nd – 24th. The conference received well over more than 200 submissions, however, only 64 articles were selected and recommended to be included in this proceedings, which organized into 4 main areas, namely, Industrial Automation and Control System, Intelligent Mechatronics and Robotics, Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. The conference provides the opportunity to showcase state of art research and development in Mechatronics and Automation Engineering from researchers and developers from around the world under one roof to compare notes and establish collaborative relationships."--Publisher's website.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (streaming video file) (70 minutes) : digital, .flv file, sound Sound: digital. Digital: data file.
More Than a Word offers a fascinating look inside the growing movement to change the name of the Washington R*dskins football team.Directed by brothers John and Kenn Little, who are members of the Standing Rock Sioux tribe, the film traces how the word ¿́¿r*dskin¿́¿ evolved from being a term of racist derision and slander to being embraced as the name of one of the NFL¿́¿s most beloved franchises. It also draws on the voices of Native American activists and scholars to place this controversy within the wider context of Native American history and racial stereotyping more generally. More Than a Word is an ideal classroom resource for clarifying what¿́¿s truly at stake in contemporary debates about cultural appropriation and Native American-themed mascots.
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (361 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"This book addresses computationally-efficient multi-objective optimization of antenna structures using variable-fidelity electromagnetic simulations, surrogate modeling techniques, and design space reduction methods. Based on contemporary research, it formulates multi-objective design tasks, highlights related challenges in the context of antenna design, and discusses solution approaches. Specific focus is on providing methodologies for handling computationally expensive simulation models of antenna structures in the sense of their multi-objective optimization. Also given is a summary of recent developments in antenna design optimization using variable-fidelity simulation models. Numerous examples of real-world antenna design problems are provided along with discussions and recommendations for the readers interested in applying the considered methods in their design work. Written with researchers and students in mind, topics covered can also be applied across a broad spectrum of aeronautical, mechanical, electrical, biomedical and civil engineering. It is of particular interest to those dealing with optimization, computationally expensive design tasks and simulation-driven design."--Publisher's website.