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1 online resource (165 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"This book takes the reader from some elementary ideas about groups to the essence of the Standard Model of particle physics along a relatively straight and intuitive path. Groups alone are first used to arrive at a classical analog of the Dirac equation. Using elementary quantum mechanics, this analog can be turned into the actual Dirac equation, which governs the motion of the quarks and leptons of the Standard Model. After an introduction to the gauge principle, the groups introduced in the beginning of the book are used to give an introduction to the Standard Model. The idea is to give an Olympian view of this evolution, one that is often missing when absorbing the detailed subject matter of the Standard Model as presented in an historical approach to the subject."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (362 p.)
  • Prologue
  • Ancestors
  • Good Daddy, Aunt Mary, Mame and Tonton
  • My parents
  • Childhood and adolescence
  • Youth 1940-1944
  • Disaster 1944-1946
  • Life in Montaigne
  • A new life, America
  • Marseille 1953-1955
  • Transitions 1957-1964
  • First years in Antony 1965-1968
  • After the reform 1968-1979
  • Academician 1979
  • Life continues 1979-1990
  • Retired 1990-2003
  • A I-I.H.E.S 2003?
  • Far away travels
  • Our house in Dammartin
  • Epilogue.
"In A Lady Mathematician, the distinguished mathematician and physicist, Yvonne Choquet–Bruhat, at the urging of her children, recounts and reflects upon various key events and people from her life — first childhood memories of France, then schooling, followed by graduate studies, and finally her continuous research in the mathematics of General Relativity and other fundamental physical fields. She recalls conversations, collaborations and even arguments shared with many great scientists, including her experiences with Albert Einstein. She also describes some of her numerous trips around the world, spurred by a passion for travel, beauty and mathematics. At once reflective, enlightening and bittersweet, this book allows readers a look into the life and thought processes of an esteemed female academic."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (306 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"Countries, cities, and companies are investing in smart cities and digital economies. How can people thrive as their lives are disrupted and transformed? Will jobs be created or destroyed? Will digital divides narrow or widen in education and healthcare? Living Digital 2040 provides practical answers to these questions. It focuses on the future of work, education, and healthcare, because all of us experience these three social and economic institutions every day, and at seminal stages of our lives. Work, education, and healthcare also build our capabilities and relationships, so that we can live flourishing lives. Living Digital 2040 takes the view that it is up to us create a future that is better than the one today. It explores practical possibilities we could pursue, and how our collective capacity for innovation and collaboration can tackle the disruptive forces, and transform our lives for the better."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (274 p.) : ill. (some col.)
  • Zeta regularization for a scalar field
  • The zeta regularized stress-energy VEV in terms of integral kernels
  • Total energy and forces on the boundary
  • Some variations of the previous schemes
  • A massless field on the segment
  • A massless field between parallel hyperplanes
  • A massive field constrained by perpendicular hyperplanes
  • A massless field in a three-dimensional wedge
  • A scalar field with a harmonic background potential
  • A massless field inside a rectangular box.
"Zeta regularization is a method to treat the divergent quantities appearing in several areas of mathematical physics and, in particular, in quantum field theory; it is based on the fascinating idea that a finite value can be ascribed to a formally divergent expression via analytic continuation with respect to a complex regulating parameter. This book provides a thorough overview of zeta regularization for the vacuum expectation values of the most relevant observables of a quantized, neutral scalar field in Minkowski spacetime; the field can be confined to a spatial domain, with suitable boundary conditions, and an external potential is possibly present. Zeta regularization is performed in this framework for both local and global observables, like the stress-energy tensor and the total energy; the analysis of their vacuum expectation values accounts for the Casimir physics of the system. The analytic continuation process required in this setting by zeta regularization is deeply linked to some integral kernels; these are determined by the fundamental elliptic operator appearing in the evolution equation for the quantum field. The book provides a systematic illustration of these connections, devised as a toolbox for explicit computations in specific configurations; many examples are presented. A comprehensive account is given of the existing literature on this subject, including the previous work of the authors. The book will be useful to anyone interested in a mathematically sound description of quantum vacuum effects, from graduate students to scientists working in this area."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (244 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"This book provides a systematic approach to analyzing macroeconomic developments, focusing on macroeconomic accounts, analysis, and the effects of selected policies on a nation's economy. The first part of the book describes the data, accounts, and analysis of the four main macroeconomic sectors — real, external, fiscal, and monetary — and discusses the accounting and economic relations among these sectors, using a flow of funds approach. Key indicators are presented for each sector and used to show how macroeconomic developments can be assessed and problems identified. The second part of the book discusses fiscal, monetary, and exchange rate policy and their economic implications. These policies, along with selected structural reforms, are compared along several dimensions and shown how they can be used, in various combinations or individually, to address a variety of macroeconomic difficulties."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (1283 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"The 2016 International Conference on Mechanics and Materials Science (MMS2016) was held in Guangzhou, China on October 15–16, 2016. Aimed at providing an excellent international academic forum for all the researchers and practitioners, the conference attracted a wide spread participation among all over the universities and research institutes. MMS2016 features unique mixed topics of Mechatronics and Automation, Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Properties, Measuring Methods and Applications. This volume consists of 159 peer-reviewed articles by local and foreign eminent scholars, which cover the frontiers and hot topics in the relevant areas."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (409 p.) : ill. (some col.)
  • Mental health professions
  • Psychiatric services in general hospitals
  • Education in mental health
  • Mental health research
  • Mental health of the nation.
"This book is a compilation by local mental health experts on the development of mental health services in Singapore after 1993. The year was the end point of an earlier book "Till the Break of Dawn — A History of Mental Health Services in Singapore (1841–1993)" that had been written on the history of psychiatry."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (320 p.) : ill. (some col.)
  • Imaging in cerebrovascular disease / Christopher Hess
  • Cell mechanisms and clinical targets in stroke / Jing Lan, Elga Esposito, MingMing Ning, Xunming Ji, and Eng H. Lo
  • Neural repair for cerebrovascular diseases / Steven C. Cramer
  • Brain AVM : current treatments and challenges / W. Caleb Rutledge and Michael T. Lawton
  • Animal models and prospective therapeutic targets for brain arteriovenous malformation / Wan Zhu, Rui Zhang, Li Ma, and Hua Su
  • Biology of brain aneurysms / W. Caleb Rutledge and Tomoki Hashimoto
  • Intracranial aneurysms : imaging, hemodynamics, and remodeling / David Saloner
  • Recent advances in CADASIL research / Suning Ping and Li-Ru Zhao
  • Dural fistula / Daniel L. Cooke, Matthew R. Amans and Van V. Halbach
  • Interventional therapies for cerebrovascular diseases / Fabio Settecase and Steven W. Hetts
  • Stem cell-mediated biobridge : crossing the great divide between bench and clinic in translating cell therapy for stroke / Trenton Lippert, Marci Crowley, Michael G. Liska and Cesar V. Borlongan.
"This book will cover recent advances in genetics and molecular biology of cerebrovascular diseases, including ischemic stroke, brain arteriovenous malformation, brain aneurysms, and cavernous malformation. Developments in diagnostics, imaging and treatment will also be discussed. Much progress has been made in recent years in these fields, but not been summarized in one comprehensive text. This volume fills the gap in the literature by compiling them in one convenient, handy volume for neuroscience researchers and medical professionals."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (292 p.) : ill. (some col.)
  • Gravity and Matter in Noncommutative Geometry
  • Renormalization Group Flows and Early Universe Models
  • Cosmic Topology
  • Algebro-geometric Models in Cosmology
  • Mixmaster Cosmologies
  • The Spectral Action on Bianchi IX Cosmologies
  • Fractal and Multifractal Structures in Cosmology
  • Noncommutative Quantum Cosmology.
"Modified gravity models play an important role in contemporary theoretical cosmology. The present book proposes a novel approach to the topic based on techniques from noncommutative geometry, especially the spectral action functional as a gravity model. The book discusses applications to early universe models and slow-roll inflation models, to the problem of cosmic topology, to non-isotropic cosmologies like mixmaster universes and Bianchi IX gravitational instantons, and to multifractal structures in cosmology. Relations between noncommutative and algebro-geometric methods in cosmology is also discussed, including the occurrence of motives, periods, and modular forms in spectral models of gravity."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (285 p.) : ill., ports.
"This volume is the result of the author's many-years of research in this field. These results were presented in the author's two books, Introduction to the Algorithmic Measurement Theory (Moscow, Soviet Radio, 1977), and Codes of the Golden Proportion (Moscow, Radio and Communications, 1984), which had not been translated into English and are therefore not known to English-speaking audience. This volume sets forth new informational and arithmetical fundamentals of computer and measurement systems based on Fibonacci p-codes and codes of the golden p-proportions, and also on Bergman's system and "golden" ternary mirror-symmetrical arithmetic. The book presents some new historical hypotheses concerning the origin of the Egyptian calendar and the Babylonian numeral system with base 60 (dodecahedral hypothesis), as well as about the origin of the Mayan's calendar and their numeral system with base 20 (icosahedral hypothesis). The book is intended for the college and university level. The book will also be of interest to all researchers, who use the golden ratio and Fibonacci numbers in their subject areas, and to all readers who are interested to the history of mathematics."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (801 p.) : ill. (some col).
"This book is an extended and substantially updated edition of the previous book editions published in 1996 and 2013 under the same title. The 3rd edition is a one-volume, modern and comprehensive overview of the current knowledge of regular and random ocean surface waves in deep waters and in coastal zones. Since the previous editions many new theoretical advances have been made in the physical understanding and analytical and numerical treatment of various ocean wave problems. The revisions and supplements demanded by these advances have been substantial, therefore the scope of the book has been extended by adding a new chapter and substantially supplementing others. All chapters of the book have been rewritten to include and describe in detail many new discoveries made since the completion of the previous editions. In this 3rd edition a comprehensive and updated overview of the fundamentals of the regular wave mechanics, as well as the spectral and statistical properties of random waves are given. Except for the updated chapters dedicated to tsunami and extreme waves, a new chapter dealing with other types of impulsive waves starting from rest, are also included. The air-sea interaction processes as well as the last improvements in ocean wave modelling and presently available wave prediction models (WAM, WAVEWATCH III, UMWM, NEMO) are thoroughly discussed and their applications are demonstrated. The review of the present ocean observation methods encompasses the modern sea-truthing, as well as applications of data from presently operating marine satellites. In this revised edition, chapters on the behavior of surface waves in the vegetated environments such as coral reef, mangrove forest, seaweed and seagrass areas are substantially extended and updated to include the last discoveries. The explanations in the book are self-contained and detailed enough to capture the interest of the potential readers and to prompt them to explore the research literature. The list of rapidly growing number of the recent papers on the ocean waves has been extended substantially, up to about 900 titles."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (412 p.) : ill. (some col.)
  • Statistical properties of one-dimensional directed polymers in a random potential / V. Dotsenko
  • Non-Euclidean geometry in nature / S. Nechaev
  • Dynamics of polymers: classic results and recent developments / M.V. Tamm and K. Polovnikov
  • Generalized ensemble computer simulations of macromolecules / W. Janke
  • Photo-controllable networks in macromolecular solutions and blends / J.M. Ilnytskyi
  • Monte Carlo methods for massively parallel computers / M. Weigel
  • Complex networks and infrastructural grids / A. Scala.
"This book is the fifth volume of papers on advanced problems of phase transitions and critical phenomena, the first four volumes appeared in 2004, 2007, 2012, and 2015. It aims to compile reviews in those aspects of criticality and related subjects that are of current interest. The seven chapters discuss criticality of complex systems, where the new, emergent properties appear via collective behaviour of simple elements. Since all complex systems involve cooperative behaviour between many interconnected components, the field of phase transitions and critical phenomena provides a very natural conceptual and methodological framework for their study. As the first four volumes, this book is based on the review lectures that were given in Lviv (Ukraine) at the "Ising lectures" — a traditional annual workshop on phase transitions and critical phenomena which aims to bring together scientists working in the field of phase transitions with university students and those who are interested in the subject."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (374 p.) : ill. (chiefly col.)
  • Physical and chemical properties
  • Comet dynamics
  • Physical evolution in observable comets
  • Capture of comets
  • Formation of comet reservoirs
  • Origin of comet nuclei
  • Outlook.
"Since several decades, comets have been considered as key witnesses of solar system formation. Their nature has been explored using the modern arsenal of Earth- and space-based observations, and they hold a central place as dynamical arbiters of the planetary system in the new paradigm of solar system evolution known as the Nice Model. Thus, they have the potential to test the various ideas, using the detailed data recently gathered by the ESA/Rosetta mission. This requires an understanding of their origin and evolution, which form the subject of the present book. All the relevant issues are covered2, describing both the background and the current frontiers of research."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (407 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"This volume contains contributions to the workshop, which was largely focused on the strong coupling gauge theories in search for theories beyond the standard model, particularly, the LHC experiments and lattice studies of conformal fixed point. The main topics include walking technicolor and the role of conformality in view of the 125 GeV Higgs as a light composite Higgs (technidilaton, and other composite Higgs, etc.). Nonperturbative studies like lattice simulations and stringy/holographic approaches are extensively discussed in close relation to the phenomenological studies. After the discovery of 125 GeV Higgs at LHC, the central issue of particle physics is now to reveal the dynamical origin of the Higgs itself. One of the possibilities would be the composite Higgs based on the strong coupling gauge theory in the TeV region, such as the technidilaton predicted in walking technicolor with infrared conformality. The volume contains, among others, many of the latest important reports on walking technicolor and related subjects in the general context of conformality, in a way of direct relevance to the LHC phenomenology as well as the lattice studies. It is very timely to study full theoretical implications in the exciting era when the LHC is vigorously working. This volume is of great importance for that purpose. Speakers of 40 talks (plus posters) include K-I Aoki, Y Aoki, K Bamba, E Bennett, R S Chivukula, H Georgi, A Hasenfratz, D-K Hong, K Itoh, D Elander, G Fleming, H Fukano, Y Iwasaki, M Jarvinen, D Kadoh, S Kim, R Kitano, K-I Kondo, J Kuti, D Lin, N Maru, H Matsufuru, S Matsuzaki, K-I Nagai, C Nonaka, H Ohki, E Pallante, M Rho, E Rinaldi, F Sannino, D Schaich, A Shibata, R E Shrock, E H Simmons, K Tuominen, C H Wong, N Yamada, M J S Yang, and K Yamawaki."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (649 p.) : ill. (chiefly col.)
"The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2018 is an international, multidisciplinary conference for the presentation and discussion of current research in the theory and application of computational methods in problems of biological significance. Presentations are rigorously peer reviewed and are published in an archival proceedings volume. PSB 2018 will be held on January 3 – 7, 2018 in Kohala Coast, Hawaii. PSB 2018 will bring together top researchers from the US, the Asian Pacific nations, and around the world to exchange research results and address open issues in all aspects of computational biology. It is a forum for the presentation of work in databases, algorithms, interfaces, visualization, modeling, and other computational methods, as applied to biological problems, with emphasis on applications in data-rich areas of molecular biology. The PSB has been designed to be responsive to the need for critical mass in sub-disciplines within biocomputing. For that reason, it is the only meeting whose sessions are defined dynamically each year in response to specific proposals. PSB sessions are organized by leaders of research in biocomputing's "hot topics." In this way, the meeting provides an early forum for serious examination of emerging methods and approaches in this rapidly changing field."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (246 p.) : ill. (some col.)
  • Basis of plasma
  • Electromagnetic property of plasma and plasma modes
  • Kinetic-derivation and analysis of the dielectric tensor
  • Electromagnetic wave propagation in the ionosphere
  • Electromagnetic wave interaction with the ionosphere
  • Parametric instabilities
  • Parametric instabilities excited in high-frequency heating experiments
  • Nonlinear plasma waves
  • Ionospheric very-low-frequency transmitter.
"One essential feature of plasma media is supporting various plasma waves and dictating electromagnetic wave propagation. This textbook provides students with an understanding of plasma waves, which is key to theoretical and experimental plasma research and understanding the experimental results, and will enable them to expand their studies into related areas. The first part of the text provides the basis of plasma modes, including the formulations, analyses and the physical characterizations. The second part introduces techniques for the studies of wave propagation in inhomogeneous plasma and of nonlinear mode–mode coupling in turbulent plasma as well as in active plasma, applied to exemplify the excitation of parametric instabilities in high-frequency (HF) wave heated ionospheric plasma. The third part introduces nonlinear plasma waves of periodic function forms and of solitary forms; a potential application of the HF wave–ionosphere interaction for setting up an ionospheric very-low-frequency transmitter for underwater communications is introduced. This is also a useful reference book for researchers in the areas of plasma physics and engineering, and in geophysics."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (153 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"Systems biology combines computational and experimental approaches to analyze complex biological systems and focuses on understanding functional activities from a systems-wide perspective. It provides an iterative process of experimental measurements, data analysis, and computational simulation to model biological behavior. This book provides explained protocols for high-throughput experiments and computational analysis procedures central to cancer systems biology research and education. Readers will learn how to generate and analyze high-throughput data, therapeutic target protein structure modeling and docking simulation for drug discovery. This is the first practical guide for students and scientists who wish to become systems biologists or utilize the approach for cancer research."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (138 p.) : ill.
"This is a book of elementary probability theory that includes a chapter on algorithmic randomness. It rigorously presents definitions and theorems in computation theory, and explains the meanings of the theorems by comparing them with mechanisms of the computer, which is very effective in the current computer age. Random number topics have not been treated by any books on probability theory, only some books on computation theory. However, the notion of random number is necessary for understanding the essential relation between probability and randomness. The field of probability has changed very much, thus this book will make and leave a big impact even to expert probabilists. Readers from applied sciences will benefit from this book because it presents a very proper foundation of the Monte Carlo method with practical solutions, keeping the technical level no higher than 1st year university calculus."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (329 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"In February 2016, physicists announced the breakthrough discovery of the gravitational waves, which were predicted by Albert Einstein in his century-old theory of General Relativity. These gravitational waves were emitted as a result of the collision of two massive black holes that happened about 1.3 billion years ago. They were discovered at the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) in the United States and thus marked a new milestone for physics. However, it remains unclear to physicists how the gravitational interaction can be included in the Standard Theory of particle physics which describes the electroweak and the strong interactions in our universe. In this volume are the lectures, given by the speakers at the conference on cosmology and particle physics. The discussed topics range from gravitational waves to cosmology, dark matter, dark energy and particle physics beyond the Standard Theory."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (979 p.) : ill.
"This book seeks to understand what bring to pass the birth of modern physics by focusing upon the formation of the concept of force. This would be the first book to note the important role magnetism has played in this process. Indeed, the force between celestial bodies, before the introduction of the Isaac Newtonian gravitational force, is first introduced by Johannes Kepler by analogy with the magnetic force. Moreover, this book, by concentrating our attention on the magnetism, fully describes the developments and the recognition of the force concept during the Middle Ages. The detailed description of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is a strong point of this book. By discussing and emphasizing on the role accomplished by the magnetic force, this book makes clear the connection between the natural magic and the modern experimental physics. This book will open up a new aspect of the birth of modern physics."-- Provided by publisher.