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Book
xix, 695 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Preface xiii Part 1 Strategies of Affinity Materials 1 Recent Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Methods for Sample Preparation 3 Antonio Martin-Esteban 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 Molecularly Imprinted Solid-phase Extraction 6 1.3 Molecularly Imprinted Solid-phase Microextraction 14 1.4 Molecularly Imprinted Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction 17 1.5 Other Formats 18 1.6 Conclusions 20 References 21 2 A Genuine Combination of Solvent-free Sample Preparation Technique and Molecularly Imprinted Nanomaterials 29 Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri and Prashant K. Sharma 2.1 Introduction 30 2.2 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Modified Fiber for Solid-phase Microextraction 40 2.3 In-tube Solid-phase Microextraction Technique 55 2.4 Monolithic Fiber 58 2.5 Micro-solid-phase Extraction 70 2.6 Stir-bar Sorptive Extraction 73 2.7 Conclusion and Future Scope 76 Acknowledgments 76 Abbreviations 77 References 78 3 Fluorescent Molecularly Imprinted Polymers 89 Kornelia Gawlitza, Wei Wan, Sabine Wagner and Knut Rurack 3.1 Introduction 89 3.2 Classes of Emitters to Endow MIPs with Fluorescence 91 3.3 Fluorescent Molecularly Imprinted Silica 108 3.4 Post-imprinting of MIPs 111 3.5 fMIPs as Labels 113 3.6 Formats for fMIPs 115 3.7 Conclusion 119 References 120 4 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Micro- and Nanotraps for Solid-phase Extraction 129 R dvan Say, Rustem Kecili and Arzu Ersoz 4.1 Introduction 130 4.2 MIPs as SPE Materials 130 4.3 Conclusions 149 References 153 5 Imprinted Carbonaceous Nanomaterials: A Tiny Looking Big Thing in the Field of Selective and Secific Analysis 165 Ekta Roy, Santanu Patra, Rashmi Madhuri and Prashant K. Sharma 5.1 Introduction 166 5.2 Graphene-modified Imprinted Polymer 179 5.3 Carbon Nanotubes-modified Imprinted Polymer 190 5.4 Combination of graphene, CNTs, and MIPs 197 5.5 Graphene Quantum Dots and/or Carbon Dots 198 5.6 Fullerene 201 5.7 Activated carbon 202 5.8 Conclusions 203 Acknowledgments 204 List of abbreviations 204 References 205 6 Molecularly Imprinted Materials for Fiber-optic Sensor Platforms 217 Yavuz Orhan Yaman, Necdet Ba aran, Kubra Karayagiz, Zafer Vatansever, Cengiz Yegin, Onder Haluk Tekba and Mufrettin Murat Sari 6.1 Introduction 218 6.2 Material Aspect: Morphology and Physical Forms of MIPs in FO Sensors 223 6.3 Molecularly Imprinting Technology for Fiber-optic Sensors 231 6.4 State-of-the-art Fiber-optic Sensors Applications Using Molecularly Imprinted Materials 268 6.5 Conclusion 273 References 274 Part 2 Rational Design of MIP for Advanced Applications 7 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Sensors for Biomedical and Environmental Applications 285 Anca Florea, Oana Hosu, Bianca Ciui and Cecilia Cristea 7.1 Introduction 285 7.2 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for Analytes of Biomedical Interest 296 7.3 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for Analytes of Environmental Interest 306 7.4 Conclusion 314 Acknowledgments 316 References 316 8 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers: The Affinity Adsorbents for Environmental Biotechnology 327 Bo Mattiasson and Gizem Erturk 8.1 Introduction 327 8.2 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers 329 8.3 Monomers 329 8.4 Cross-linking Agents 331 8.5 Mode of Polymerization 332 8.6 Cryogels 334 8.7 Process Technology 336 8.8 Applications 338 References 345 9 Molecular Imprinting Technology for Sensing and Separation in Food Safety 353 Baran Onal Ulusoy, Mehmet Odaba i and Ne e Hayat Aksoy 9.1 Food Safety 354 9.2 Food Analysis 355 9.3 Current Separation Methods Used for Food Safety Purposes 356 9.4 What Is MIP? 357 9.5 MIP Applications Used for Food Safety Purposes 359 References 377 10 Advanced Imprinted Materials for Virus Monitoring 389 Zeynep Altintas 10.1 Introduction 390 10.2 Virus Imprinting 393 10.3 Artificial MIP Receptors for Viruses 398 10.4 Virus Monitoring and Detection Using Biomimetic Sensors 399 10.5 Virus Imprinting for Separation Technologies 401 10.6 Conclusions 405 References 406 11 Design and Evaluation of Molecularly Imprinted Polymers as Drug Delivery Systems 413 Andre Luis Morais Ruela and Gislaine Ribeiro Pereira 11.1 Introduction 414 11.2 Synthesis and Characterization of MIPs Intended for Drug Release Using Non-covalent Approaches 418 11.3 Design and Evaluation of Drug Delivery Systems Based on MIPs 436 11.4 Conclusions 445 References 446 12 Molecularly Imprinted Materials for Controlled Release Systems 455 Yagmur Yegin, Gokhan Yilmaz, Omer Karakoc, Cengiz Yegin, Servet Cete, Mustafa Akbulut and Mufrettin Murat Sari 12.1 Introduction 456 12.2 Selectivity, Release Mechanism and Functionality of MIPs-based CR Systems 459 12.3 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers Production for Controlled Release 482 12.4 Controlled Release Applications Using Molecularly Imprinted Materials-based Controlled Release 491 12.5 Conclusion 506 References 507 13 Molecular Imprinting: The Creation of Biorecognition Imprints on the Biosensor Surfaces 523 Gizem Erturk and Bo Mattiasson 13.1 Introduction 523 13.2 Molecular Imprinting 524 13.3 Microcontact Imprinting 525 13.4 Capacitive Biosensors 529 13.5 Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensors 541 13.6 Concluding Remarks 549 References 550 14 Molecular Imprinted Polymers for Sensing of Volatile Organic Compounds in Human Body Odor 561 Sunil Kr. Jha 14.1 Introduction 562 14.2 MIP-QCM Sensor Array Preparation 573 14.3 Chemical Vapor Sensing 576 14.4 Analysis Outcomes 603 14.5 Conclusion 624 Acknowledgments 624 References 624 15 Development of Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Microcantilever Sensor System 637 Meltem Okan and Memed Duman 15.1 Introduction to Mass Sensors 637 15.2 Principles of Mass Sensors 640 15.4 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Technology 655 15.5 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based QCM Sensors 658 15.6 Ongoing Studies on Molecularly Imprinted Polymers-based Microcantilevers 661 Acknowledgments 669 References 669.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119336297 20161213
Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are an important functional material because of their potential implications in diverse research fields. The materials have been developed for a range of uses including separation, environmental, biomedical and sensor applications. In this book, the chapters are clustered into two main sections: Strategies to be employed when using the affinity materials, and rational design of MIPs for advanced applications. In the first part, the book covers the recent advances in producing MIPs for sample design, preparation and characterizations. In the second part, the chapters demonstrate the importance and novelty of creation of recognition imprinted on the materials and surfaces for a range of microbial detection sensors in the biomedical, environmental and food safety fields as well as sensing human odor and virus monitoring systems. Part 1: Strategies of affinity materials * Molecularly imprinted polymers * MIP nanomaterials * Micro- and nanotraps for solid phase extraction * Carbonaceous affinity nanomaterials * Fluorescent MIPs * MIP-based fiber optic sensors Part 2: Rational design of MIP for advanced applications * MIP-based biomedical and environmental sensors * Affinity adsorbents for environmental biotechnology * MIP in food safety * MIP-based virus monitoring * MIP-based drug delivery and controlled release * Biorecognition imprints on the biosensor surfaces * MIP-based sensing of volatile organic compounds in human body odour * MIP-based microcantilever sensor system.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119336297 20161213
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
1 online resource (358 pages) : illustrations.
  • Ion channels, nanomechanics, and nanomedicine / Keka Talukdar
  • Analysis of the bacterial vesicles' enhanced toxicological threat via electron microscopy / Roberta Curia [and 5 others]
  • Applications of polymeric micro- and nano-particles in dentistry / Balasankar Meera Priyadarshini, Nileshkumar Dubey
  • Sensing the presence and amount of microbes using double walled carbon nanotubes / Anand Y Joshi, Ajay M Patel
  • CNS targeted nanoparticle drug delivery: CNS drug delivery / Dimple Sethi Chopra
  • Silver oxide-copper oxide nanocomposite preparation and antimicrobial activity as a source for the treatment of fish diseases: silver oxide-copper oxide nanocomposite preparation and antimicrobial activity / Sayed Reza Shaffiey, Sayedeh Fatemeh Shaffiey
  • Performance analysis of FET-based nanoiosensors by computational method / Keka Talukdar, Anil Shantappa Malipatil
  • Self-setting calcium phosphate bone cement preparation, characterization and drug delivery for skeletal system / Sayed Reza Shaffiey, Sayedeh Fatemeh Shaffiey
  • Mineralized nanofibers for bone tissue engineering / Ozan Karaman
  • Recent advances in synthesis and biomedical applications of magnetic nanoparticles: magnetic nanoparticles for biomedical applications / Irshad Ahmad Wani
  • Stratagems of nanotechnology augmenting the bioavailability and therapeutic efficacy of traditional medicine to formulate smart herbal drugs combating / Anita Margret.
The application of nanotechnology within the medical sphere has had a significant influence on how diseases and conditions are treated and diagnosed. While many strides have been made, there is still continuous research on nanotechnology being performed in the field. Advancing Medicine through Nanotechnology and Nanomechanics Applications highlights emergent trends and empirical research on technological innovations in medicine and healthcare. Investigating the impact of nanotechnology and nanomechanics on the treatment of diseases, regenerative medicine, and drug delivery systems, this publication is a vital reference source for professionals, researchers, medical students, and engineering students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781522510437 20161213
Book
1 online resource.
  • Functional Nanocomposites Based on Fibrous Clays-- Fibrillar Attapulgite-Rubber Nanocomposites-- Rubber-Rectorite Composites with High Gas Barrier Properties-- Design and Physiochemical Characterization of Novel Organic-Inorganic Hybrids from Natural Aluminosilicate Nanotubes-- Surface Modification of Halloysite-- Halloysite Based Smart Hybrid Nanomaterials for the Solubilization of Hydrophobic Compounds in Aqueous Media-- Halloysite and Related Mesoporous Carriers for Advanced Catalysis and Drug Delivery-- Application of Clay Materials as Nanocontainers for Self-Healing Coatings-- Flame Retardant Polymer-Halloysite Nanocomposites-- Polymer-Halloysite Composite Membranes for Ultrafiltration and Proton Exchange Applications-- Rubber Functionalized with Halloysite Loaded with Antioxidants and Antibacterials-- Halloysite-Dopamine Hybrid Nanotubes to Immobilize Biomacromolecules-- Halloysite Clay Nanotubes for Long Acting Controlled Release of Drugs and Proteins-- Biocompatible Electrospun Polymer-Halloysite Nanofibers for Sustained Release-- Toxicological Evaluation of Clay Nanomaterials and Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782624226 20170213
Polymer-clay nanocomposites have flame-retardant, antimicrobial, anticorrosion and self-healing properties, they are biocompatible and environmentally benign. Multiple types of clay minerals may be exfoliated or individually dispersed and then used as natural nanoparticle additives of different size and shape for composite formation. Loading polymers with clays increases their strength, however, it is only recently that such composites were prepared with controlled nanoscale organization allowing for the enhancement of their mechanical properties and functionality. Edited by pioneers in the field, this book will explain the great potential of these materials and will bring together the combined physico-chemical, materials science and biological expertise to introduce the reader to the vibrant field of nanoclay materials. This book will provide an essential text for materials and polymers scientists in industry and academia.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782624226 20170213
Book
1 online resource (xv, 215 pages).
  • Introduction: modifiable characteristics and applications
  • Filled polymer composites
  • Nanofillers in polymers
  • Additives in polymers
  • Surface modification of polymers: chemical, physical, and biological routes
  • Smart polymers
  • Blends and alloys
  • Gradients in homopolymers, blends, and copolymers.
Book
xii, 373 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
Polymer Materials for Energy and Electronic Applications is among the first books to systematically describe the recent developments in polymer materials and their electronic applications. It covers the synthesis, structures, and properties of polymers, along with their composites. In addition, the book introduces, and describes, four main kinds of electronic devices based on polymers, including energy harvesting devices, energy storage devices, light-emitting devices, and electrically driving sensors. Stretchable and wearable electronics based on polymers are a particular focus and main achievement of the book that concludes with the future developments and challenges of electronic polymers and devices. * Provides a basic understanding on the structure and morphology of polymers and their electronic properties and applications* Highlights the current applications of conducting polymers on energy harvesting and storage* Introduces the emerging flexible and stretchable electronic devices* Adds a new family of fiber-shaped electronic devices.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128110911 20161114
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
1 online resource
  • Front Cover; Recent Developments in Polymer Macro, Micro and Nano Blends; Related titles; Recent Developments in Polymer Macro, Micro and Nano Blends: Preparation and Characterization; Copyright; Contents; List of contributors; Editors' biographies; 1
  • Polymer blends: state of art; 1.1 General background on polymer blend/nanofiller composites; 1.2 Nanoparticles of the polymer composites; 1.3 Functionalized polymer with nanoparticles; 1.4 Composite material; 1.5 Preparation of polymer blend/nanofiller composites; 1.6 Characterization of polymer blend/nanocomposites
  • 1.7 Applications of polymer blend/nanocompositesReferences; 2
  • Thermoplastic-based nanoblends: preparation and characterizations; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Thermoplastic-based nanoblends; 2.2.1 Solution casting [131]; 2.2.2 Brabender mixing; 2.2.3 Melt-mixing process; 2.2.4 Extrusion molding; 2.2.5 Elongation flow mixer; 2.2.6 High-shear mixing; 2.3 Characterizations of thermoplastic-based nanoblends; 2.3.1 Tensile testing; 2.3.2 Differential scanning calorimetery; 2.3.3 Dynamical mechanical analysis (DMA); 2.3.4 Thermogravimetric analysis; 2.3.5 Scanning electron microscopy
  • 2.3.6 Transmission electron microscopy2.3.7 Atomic force microscopy; 2.3.8 Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; 2.3.9 Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy; 2.3.10 Raman spectroscopy; 2.3.11 Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy; 2.3.12 Electron paramagnetic resonance or electron spin resonance spectroscopy; 2.3.13 X-ray diffraction analysis; 2.3.14 X-ray scattering and wide-angle X-ray scattering analysis; 2.3.15 Neutronscattering; 2.3.16 Rheology measurements; 2.4 Interface modification of nanoblends; 2.5 Conclusion; References
  • 3
  • Hybrid composites using natural polymer blends and carbon nanostructures: preparation, characterization, and applications3.1 Introduction; 3.1.1 Natural polymer blends; 3.1.2 Collagen; 3.1.3 Blends of collagen with other polymers; 3.1.4 Carbon-based polymer blends; 3.1.5 Collagen-nanotube blends; 3.2 Formation of conducting nanocomposite films using collagen-chitosan blends and nanocarbons; 3.2.1 Preparation of nanobiocomposite films; 3.2.2 Characteristics of collagen/guar gum/carbon nanotube hybrid films; 3.3 Formation of conducting nanocomposite films from collagen and carbon nanotubes
  • 3.3.1 Preparation of graphitic carbon from animal skin wastes3.3.2 Preparation of multifunctional nanobiocomposite films; 3.3.3 Characteristics of the developed nanobiocomposite films; 3.4 Conclusions; References; 4
  • Applications of rubber-based blends; 4.1 Introduction; 4.1.1 Medical device applications; 4.1.2 Biomedical applications; 4.1.3 Packaging applications; 4.1.4 Military applications; 4.1.5 Tire industry; 4.1.6 Aerospace applications; 4.1.7 Structural applications; 4.1.8 Other applications: recycling trend; 4.2 Conclusion; References; 5
  • Applications of thermoplastic-based blends
Recent Developments in Polymer Macro, Micro and Nano Blends: Preparation and Characterisation discusses the various types of techniques that are currently used for the characterization of polymer-based macro, micro, and nano blends. It summarizes recent technical research accomplishments, emphasizing a broad range of characterization methods. In addition, the book discusses preparation methods and applications for various types of polymer-based macro, micro, and nano blends. Chapters include thermoplastic-based polymer & nano blends, applications of rubber based and thermoplastic blends, micro/nanostructures polymer blends containing block copolymers, advances in polymer-inorganic hybrids as membrane materials, synthesis of polymer/inorganic hybrids through heterophase polymerizations, nanoporous polymer foams from nanostructured polymer blends, and natural polymeric biodegradable nano blends for protein delivery. * Describes the techniques pertaining to a kind (or small number) of blends, showing specific examples of their applications* Covers micro, macro, and nano polymer blends* Contains contributions from leading experts in the field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081004081 20161010
Book
1 online resource : illustrations.
  • 1. Biodegradable medical polymers: Fundamental sciences Part One. Biodegradable and bioresorbable syntheticmedical polymers 2. Synthetic biodegradable medical polyesters 3. Synthetic biodegradable medical polyesters: Poly-epsilon-caprolactone 4. Synthetic biodegradable medical polyesters: Poly(trimethylene carbonate) 5. Synthetic biodegradable medical polymer: Polyanhydrides 6. Synthetic biodegradable medical polyurethanes 7. Synthetic biodegradable medical polymers: Polymer blends Part Two. Biodegradable and bioresorbable naturalmedical polymers 8. Natural bacterial biodegradable medical polymers: Polyhydroxyalkanoates 9. Natural biodegradable medical polymers: Cellulose 10. Natural bacterial biodegradable medical polymers: Bacterial cellulose 11. Natural biodegradable medical polymers: Therapeutic peptides and proteins 12. Natural biodegradable medical polymers: Silk Part Three. Properties of biodegradable medical polymers 13. Biocompatibility of biodegradable medical polymers 14. Degradation characterisation of biodegradable polymers 15. Modelling degradation of biodegradable polymers.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081003725 20170206
Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081003725 20170206
Book
1 online resource : illustrations.
  • 1. Biodegradable medical polymers: Fundamental sciences Part One. Biodegradable and bioresorbable syntheticmedical polymers 2. Synthetic biodegradable medical polyesters 3. Synthetic biodegradable medical polyesters: Poly-epsilon-caprolactone 4. Synthetic biodegradable medical polyesters: Poly(trimethylene carbonate) 5. Synthetic biodegradable medical polymer: Polyanhydrides 6. Synthetic biodegradable medical polyurethanes 7. Synthetic biodegradable medical polymers: Polymer blends Part Two. Biodegradable and bioresorbable naturalmedical polymers 8. Natural bacterial biodegradable medical polymers: Polyhydroxyalkanoates 9. Natural biodegradable medical polymers: Cellulose 10. Natural bacterial biodegradable medical polymers: Bacterial cellulose 11. Natural biodegradable medical polymers: Therapeutic peptides and proteins 12. Natural biodegradable medical polymers: Silk Part Three. Properties of biodegradable medical polymers 13. Biocompatibility of biodegradable medical polymers 14. Degradation characterisation of biodegradable polymers 15. Modelling degradation of biodegradable polymers.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081003725 20170206
Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081003725 20170206
Book
1 online resource.
Book
1 online resource.
  • 1. Overview of terry fabrics, properties, application and care 2. Evolution of terry fabrics 3. Raw materials for terry fabrics 4. Yarns for terry fabrics 5. Winding yarn for terry fabrics 6. Warping for terry fabrics 7. Sizing the terry warp 8. Weaving of terry fabrics 9. Wet processing 10. Shearing and printing of terry fabrics 11. Cutting, sewing and packing 12. Modern quality management systems 13. Properties and performance of woven terry fabrics 14. Hand evaluation of woven terry fabric 15. Aesthetic characteristics terry fabrics 16. Compression and surface characteristics of terry fabrics 17. Absorbency and serviceability of terry fabrics 18. Producing high-quality terry fabrics 19. Troubleshooting in terry fabric production.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081006863 20170206
Woven Terry Fabrics: Manufacturing and Quality Management encompasses all aspects of terry fabric production, from raw material choice and weave design to technological developments, dyeing, and quality evaluation. Nothing feels more luxurious and comforting than wrapping myself or one of my children in a thick, soft, fluffy towel after bathing says Lindsey, a healthcare administrator and mother of two children in Boston. Consumers pay an average 15 USD for a bath towel. So, it has become a luxury item today. To meet the demand of growing population, the terry fabric industry has grown to a large extent. Lots of technological developments have taken place in this field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081006863 20170206
Book
1 online resource.
  • 1. Overview of terry fabrics, properties, application and care 2. Evolution of terry fabrics 3. Raw materials for terry fabrics 4. Yarns for terry fabrics 5. Winding yarn for terry fabrics 6. Warping for terry fabrics 7. Sizing the terry warp 8. Weaving of terry fabrics 9. Wet processing 10. Shearing and printing of terry fabrics 11. Cutting, sewing and packing 12. Modern quality management systems 13. Properties and performance of woven terry fabrics 14. Hand evaluation of woven terry fabric 15. Aesthetic characteristics terry fabrics 16. Compression and surface characteristics of terry fabrics 17. Absorbency and serviceability of terry fabrics 18. Producing high-quality terry fabrics 19. Troubleshooting in terry fabric production.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081006863 20170206
Woven Terry Fabrics: Manufacturing and Quality Management encompasses all aspects of terry fabric production, from raw material choice and weave design to technological developments, dyeing, and quality evaluation. Nothing feels more luxurious and comforting than wrapping myself or one of my children in a thick, soft, fluffy towel after bathing says Lindsey, a healthcare administrator and mother of two children in Boston. Consumers pay an average 15 USD for a bath towel. So, it has become a luxury item today. To meet the demand of growing population, the terry fabric industry has grown to a large extent. Lots of technological developments have taken place in this field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081006863 20170206
Book
1 online resource.
Braiding is the process of interlacing three or more threads or yarns in a diagonal direction to the product axis in order to obtain thicker, wider or stronger textiles or, in the case of overbraiding, in order to cover a profile. Braids are becoming the reinforcement of choice in composite manufacturing, and have found a range of technical applications in fields including medicine, candles, transport and aerospace. Building on the information provided in Prof. Kyosev's previous book, Braiding Technology for Textiles, this important title covers advanced technologies and new developments for the manufacture, applications and modelling of braided products. Part One covers the braiding of three-dimensional profiles, and includes a detailed overview of three-dimensional braiding technologies as well as chapters devoted to specific kinds of 3D braiding. Part Two addresses specialist braiding techniques and applications, and includes chapters reviewing the use of braids for medical textiles and candles. Part Three focuses on braiding techniques for ropes and Part Four reviews braiding for composites. The final part of the book considers modelling and simulation, and covers topics including overbraiding simulation, Finite Element Method (FEM) modelling and geometrical modelling.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Front Cover; Advances in Technical Nonwovens; The Textile Institute and Woodhead Publishing; Advances in Technical Nonwovens; Contents; List of contributors; Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles; 1
  • Introduction to technical nonwovens; 1.1 The nonwovens industry; 1.2 What are technical nonwovens?; 1.2.1 Sustainability issues; 1.2.2 Lightweighting; 1.2.3 Recycled fibres; 1.2.4 Major players; 1.3 Applications; 1.3.1 Automotive; 1.3.1.1 Applications; 1.3.1.2 Trends; 1.4 Filtration; 1.4.1 Market trends; 1.5 Building and construction; 1.6 Aerospace; 1.7 Medical; 1.8 Geomembranes/geosynthetics.
  • 1.9 The futureReferences; Other data sources; 2
  • Developments in fibers for technical nonwovens; 2.1 Introduction of fibers for technical nonwovens; 2.1.1 From natural to synthetic fibers; 2.1.2 From organic fibers to inorganic fibers; 2.1.3 From functional fibers to high performance fibers; 2.2 Natural fibers; 2.2.1 Vegetable fibers; 2.2.1.1 Cotton; 2.2.1.2 Jute/ramie/sisal/apocynum/hemp/linen/flax; 2.2.1.3 Coconut fiber (coir fiber); 2.2.1.4 Banana fiber; 2.2.1.5 Pineapple leaf fiber; 2.2.1.6 Lotus fiber/Nelumbo nucifera fiber; 2.2.1.7 Kapok fiber; 2.2.2 Animal fibers; 2.2.2.1 Wool.
  • 2.2.2.2 Silkworm silk (Bombyx mori)2.2.2.3 Down and feather; 2.3 Synthetic fibers; 2.3.1 Cellulose fiber; 2.3.2 Protein-based fibers; 2.3.3 Chitosan; 2.3.4 Sodium alginate/calcium alginate; 2.3.5 Synthetic chemical fiber; 2.3.5.1 Polyolefin; 2.3.5.2 Polyamide; 2.3.5.3 Polyester fiber; 2.3.5.4 Polyacrylonitrile; 2.3.5.5 Spandex; 2.3.5.6 Polyvinyl alcohol; 2.4 Modified and functional chemical fibers; 2.4.1 Profiled fiber; 2.4.2 Conjugate spinning fiber; 2.4.3 Ultrafine fiber; 2.4.4 Functional modified fibers; 2.4.4.1 Far infrared fiber; 2.4.4.2 Flame-retardant fiber; 2.4.4.3 Conductive fiber.
  • 2.4.4.4 Scented fiber2.4.4.5 Antibacterial fibers; 2.4.4.6 Heat storage and thermoregulated textiles fibers; 2.4.4.7 Anti-ultraviolet fiber; 2.4.5 Newly developed fiber materials; 2.4.5.1 Water-soluble fibers; 2.4.5.2 Low melt point fiber; 2.4.5.3 Elastic fiber; 2.4.5.4 Ion exchange; 2.4.5.5 Superabsorbent fiber; 2.5 High performance fibers; 2.5.1 Carbon fiber; 2.5.2 Aromatic polyamide fiber; 2.5.3 Polysulfonamide fiber; 2.5.4 Aromatic polyester fiber [66]; 2.5.5 Heterocyclic aromatic fiber [67]; 2.5.6 Polyphenylene sulfide fiber; 2.5.7 Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene.
  • 2.5.8 High polyketone fiber2.5.9 Polyimide fiber; 2.5.10 Inorganic fiber or mineral fiber; 2.5.10.1 Glass fiber; 2.5.10.2 Boron fibers; 2.5.10.3 Basalt fiber; 2.5.10.4 Metal fibers; References; 3
  • Developments in the use of green (biodegradable), recycled and biopolymer materials in technical nonwovens; 3.1 Introduction: the use of sustainable fibres in nonwovens; 3.1.1 Sustainable nonwovens; 3.1.2 Material sourcing; 3.1.3 End-of-life impact; 3.1.4 Biodegradability; 3.1.5 Recycling; 3.2 Types and use of green (biodegradable) synthetic polymers in nonwovens; 3.2.1 Biodegradability.
Advances in Technical Nonwovens presents the latest information on the nonwovens industry, a dynamic and fast-growing industry with recent technological innovations that are leading to the development of novel end-use applications. The book reviews key developments in technical nonwoven manufacturing, specialist materials, and applications, with Part One covering important developments in materials and manufacturing technologies, including chapters devoted to fibers for technical nonwovens, the use of green recycled and biopolymer materials, and the application of nanofibres. The testing of nonwoven properties and the specialist area of composite nonwovens are also reviewed, with Part Two offering a detailed and wide-ranging overview of the many applications of technical nonwovens that includes chapters on automotive textiles, filtration, energy applications, geo- and agrotextiles, construction, furnishing, packaging and medical and hygiene products. * Provides systematic coverage of trends, developments, and new technology in the field of technical nonwovens* Focuses on the needs of the nonwovens industry with a clear emphasis on applied technology* Contains contributions from an international team of authors edited by an expert in the field* Offers a detailed and wide-ranging overview of the many applications of technical nonwovens that includes chapters on automotive textiles, filtration, energy applications, geo- and agrotextiles, and more.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081005750 20160711
Book
1 online resource (15 pages) : color illustrations.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Front Cover; Antimicrobial Textiles; The Textile Institute and Woodhead Publishing; Related titles; Antimicrobial Textiles; Copyright; Contents; List of contributors; Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles; 1
  • Introduction: development of antimicrobial textiles; One
  • Key issues and technologies in creating antimicrobial textile products; 2
  • Testing and regulation of antimicrobial textiles; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Safety testing; 2.2.1 DIN EN ISO 10993-5 (test for in vitro cytotoxicity) [9]; 2.2.2 DIN EN ISO 10993-10 (tests for skin irritation) [10].
  • 2.2.3 Tests for influence of resident skin flora2.3 Efficacy testing; 2.3.1 Antibacterial testing; 2.3.1.1 AATCC 147 (parallel streak method) [16]; 2.3.1.2 DIN EN ISO 20645 (agar plate diffusion test) [17]; 2.3.1.3 ASTM E2149 (shake flask test) [18]; 2.3.1.4 AATCC 100 [19]; 2.3.1.5 DIN EN ISO 20743 [20]; 2.3.2 Antifungal testing; 2.3.2.1 AATCC 30 [21]; 2.3.2.2 DIN EN 14119 [22]; 2.3.3 Assessment of antimicrobial testing methods; 2.4 Durability testing; 2.5 Resistance risks; 2.6 Regulations of antimicrobial textiles; 2.6.1 Regulations for European markets; 2.6.2 Regulations for US markets.
  • 2.7 ConclusionsReferences; 3
  • Microencapsulation technologies for antimicrobial textiles; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Antimicrobial finishing technologies; 3.2.1 Biocides and biostatics; 3.2.2 Mechanisms of antimicrobial activities; 3.2.2.1 Controlled release or leaching; 3.2.2.2 Regenerable mechanism; 3.2.2.3 Bound and barrier types of antimicrobials; 3.2.3 Resistance to washing; 3.2.4 Common application methods; 3.2.5 General requirements of antimicrobial finishing for textiles; 3.3 Microencapsulation technologies for antimicrobial textiles; 3.3.1 Topical applications for hygiene purposes.
  • 3.3.1.1 Hygienic socks loaded with antifungal microcapsules3.3.1.2 Undergarments and microcapsules with traditional Chinese medicine; 3.3.1.3 Antiseptic treatment for foot wounds with Piper betel extract; 3.3.2 Applications for health and protection; 3.3.2.1 Encapsulated natural plant extracts as antimicrobial agents; 3.3.2.2 Antibacterial wall shell of microcapsule; 3.4 Conclusion; References; 4
  • Sol-gel technology for antimicrobial textiles; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Sol-gel technology; 4.3 Antimicrobial treatments for textiles; 4.3.1 Metallic biocide compounds; 4.3.2 Metal oxide biocides.
  • 4.3.3 Organic biocide compounds4.4 Conclusions; References; 5
  • Plasma technology for antimicrobial textiles; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Plasma; 5.3 Plasma characteristics; 5.3.1 Plasma temperature; 5.3.2 Plasma density; 5.3.3 Plasma oscillation; 5.4 Plasma for the textile industry; 5.5 Plasma processes for the development of antimicrobial textiles; 5.5.1 Physical vapor deposition (PVD); 5.5.2 Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD); 5.5.3 Plasma surface modification; 5.5.3.1 Functionalization; 5.5.3.2 Etching; 5.5.3.3 Grafting; 5.6 Applications; 5.7 Future trends; 5.8 Conclusions.
Antimicrobial textiles have attracted a great deal of interest in recent years due to their potential for reducing the transmission of infection in medical and healthcare environments. Antimicrobial properties can also improve the performance and lifespan of consumer products, and so these fabrics are increasingly finding applications in the wider textile and apparel industry. This book provides systematic coverage of the technologies and materials required for developing these important textiles. In Part One, chapters address key issues and technologies in the creation of antimicrobial textile products. Topics covered include testing and regulation, microencapsulation, sol-gel coating and plasma technologies, nanotechnology and life cycle assessment. Part Two then reviews key antimicrobial agents, such as N-halamines, plant based compounds and photo-active chemicals. Finally, the chapters of Part Three offer detailed reviews of antimicrobial textiles for particular important applications, including medical devices, protective clothing and products with improved durability and longevity.
Book
1 online resource (ix, 602 pages) : illustrations.
Book
1 online resource (iii, 8 pages) : color illustrations.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Preface xi Acknowledgments xiii 1 Introduction 1 1.1 What makes Polymers so Interesting? 1 1.2 Macromolecular Engineering and Nanostructure Formation 4 1.3 Specific Needs in Bionanotechnology and Biomedicine 5 Reference 6 2 Terminology 7 2.1 Polymer Architectures 7 2.2 Multifunctionality 11 2.3 Bioconjugates 12 2.4 Biocompatibility 12 2.5 Biodegradation 14 2.6 Bioactivity 14 2.7 Multivalency 15 2.8 Bionanotechnology 17 References 18 3 Preparation Methods and Tools 19 3.1 General Aspects of Polymer Synthesis 19 3.1.1 Chain Growth Polymerizations 20 3.1.2 Step Growth Polymerizations 23 3.1.3 Modification of Polymers 25 3.2 Controlled Polymer Synthesis 25 3.2.1 Anionic Polymerization 26 3.2.2 Cationic Polymerization 30 3.2.3 Controlled Radical Polymerization 34 3.2.4 Metal Catalyzed Polymerization 37 3.2.5 Chain Growth Condensation Polymerization 41 3.3 Effective Polymer Analogous Reactions 43 3.4 Pegylation 47 3.5 Bioconjugation 51 3.5.1 Polynucleotide Conjugates 53 3.5.2 Protein Conjugates 55 3.5.3 Polysaccharide Conjugates 57 3.6 Enzymatic Polymer Synthesis 59 3.7 Solid Phase Synthesis and Biotechnological Approaches 63 3.7.1 Solid Phase Synthesis 63 3.7.2 Biotechnology Approaches in the Synthesis of Biopolymers 75 3.8 Hydrogels and Hydrogel Scaffolds 81 3.8.1 Hydrogels 81 3.8.2 Hydrogels as Scaffold Materials 84 3.9 Surface Modification and Film Preparation 92 3.9.1 Self Assembled Monolayers 93 3.9.2 Langmuir Blodgett Films 95 3.9.3 Layer by Layer Deposition 96 3.9.4 Immobilization by Chemical Binding to Substrates 97 3.9.5 Low Pressure Plasma 99 3.9.6 Electron Beam Treatment 101 3.10 Microengineering of Polymers and Polymeric Surfaces 102 References 107 4 Analytical Methods 113 4.1 Molecular Structure and Molar Mass Determination of Polymers and Biohybrids 113 4.1.1 Structural Characterization 114 4.1.2 Determination of Molar Mass and Molar Mass Distribution 132 4.2 Characterization of Aggregates and Assemblies 137 4.2.1 Dynamic Light Scattering 138 4.2.2 Pulsed Field Gradient and Electrophoretic Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 139 4.2.3 Field Flow Fractionation 142 4.2.4 UV Vis Spectroscopy and Fluorescence Spectroscopy 144 4.2.5 Electron Microscopy 145 4.3 Characterization of Hydrogel Networks 147 4.3.1 Network Structure of Hydrogels 148 4.3.2 Swelling Degree 148 4.3.3 Mechanical Properties 150 4.3.4 Deriving Microscopic Network Parameters from Macroscopic Hydrogel Properties 153 4.4 Surface Characterization 154 4.4.1 X Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy 154 4.4.2 Contact Angle Measurements by Axisymmetric Drop Shape Analysis 157 4.4.3 Electrokinetic Measurements 158 4.4.4 Spectroscopic Ellipsometry 159 4.4.5 Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation Monitoring 160 4.4.6 Surface Plasmon Resonance 161 4.4.7 Scanning Force Techniques 162 4.4.8 Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy 164 4.5 Biophysical Characterization and Biocompatibility 166 4.5.1 Biophysical Characterization 167 4.5.2 Biocompatibility 175 References 183 5 Multifunctional Polymer Architectures 187 5.1 Multifunctional (Block) Copolymers 187 5.1.1 Multifunctionality through Copolymerization 187 5.1.2 Multifunctionality by Polymer Analogous Reactions 189 5.1.3 Spatially Defined Multifunctionality by Phase Separation and Self Assembly of Segmented Copolymers 190 5.2 Dendritic Polymers 196 5.2.1 Synthesis of Dendrimers and Hyperbranched Polymers 198 5.2.2 Properties and Applications 200 5.3 Glycopolymers 203 5.3.1 Linear Glycopolymers 205 5.3.2 Globular Glycomacromolecules 207 5.4 Peptide Based Structures 212 5.4.1 Hierarchical Self Assembly of Peptide Molecules 214 5.4.2 General Design Concepts for Peptide Based Structural Materials 215 5.4.3 Noncanonical Amino Acids in Peptide/Protein Engineering 217 5.4.4 Peptide Based Materials Inspired by Naturally Occurring Structural Proteins 217 5.4.5 Polypeptide Materials Based on other Naturally Occurring or De Novo Designed Self Assembling Domains such as Coiled Coils 221 5.4.6 Self Assembly of Short Peptide Derivates and Peptide Based Amphiphilic Molecules 222 5.5 Biohybrid Hydrogels 224 5.5.1 Composition Basic Principles and Formation of Biohybrids 225 5.5.2 Polynucleotide Biohybrids 228 5.5.3 Polypeptide or Protein Biohybrids 231 5.5.4 Polysaccharide Biohybrids 232 References 235 6 Functional Materials and Applied Systems 241 6.1 Organic Nanoparticles and Aggregates for Drug and Gene Delivery 241 6.1.1 Polymeric Micelles Polymersomes and Nanocapsules 241 6.1.2 Polymeric Beads and Micro/Nanogels Based on Dendritic Structures 254 6.1.3 Polyplexes for Gene Delivery 263 6.2 Polymer Therapeutics and Targeting Approaches 264 6.2.1 Current Status of Polymer Therapeutics 264 6.2.2 Implications and Rationale for Effective Delivery Systems 266 6.2.3 Cellular Uptake and Targeting 267 6.3 Multi and Polyvalent Polymeric Architectures 271 6.3.1 Polyvalent Interactions on Biological Interfaces 272 6.3.2 Prospects for Multivalent Drugs 277 6.4 Bioresponsive Networks 280 6.4.1 Active Principle 280 6.4.2 Homeostatic Regulation of Blood Coagulation 281 6.4.3 Insulin Release in Response to Glucose Concentration 282 6.4.4 Urate Responsive Release of Urate Oxidase 283 6.4.5 Cell Responsive Degradation of Hydrogel Networks 284 6.5 Biofunctional Surfaces 284 6.5.1 Concepts and Aims of Biofunctional Material Surfaces 284 6.5.2 Biofunctional Surfaces for the Prevention of Biofouling 287 6.5.3 Anticoagulant Coatings for Blood Contacting Devices 292 References 295 Abbreviations 303 Index 309.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118158913 20170313
This reference/text addresses concepts and synthetic techniques for the preparation of polymers for state-of-the-art use in biomedicine, synthetic biology, and bionanotechnology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118158913 20170313

19. Biocidal polymers [2016]

Book
1 online resource : illustrations, charts
This book provides detailed information on synthetic, mechanistic and technological aspects of synthetic and natural antimicrobial polymers. Biocidal polymers are able to inhibit or kill microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and protozoans. The advantages of antimicrobial polymers over conventional antimicrobial agents include their non-volatility, chemical stability, non-toxicity (difficult to permeate through the skin of animals), ability to prolong product life, increased efficiency and selectivity while minimising their environmental impact. Currently, there is an urgent requirement to develop a synthetic strategy involving different kinds of polymers whose potency against specific microorganisms is accompanied by less hazardous effects.
Book
1 online resouce (599 p.) : ill. (some col.)
Through millions of years' natural selection, sharkskin has developed into a kind of drag-reducing surface. This book shows how to investigate, model, fabricate and apply sharkskin's unique surface properties, creating a flexible platform for surface and materials engineers and scientists to readily adopt or adapt for their own bio-inspired materials.Rather than inundate the reader with too many examples of materials inspired by nature, sharkskin has been chosen as the center-piece to illustrate accurate 3D digital modeling of surfaces, complete numerical simulation of micro flow field, different fabrication methods, and application to natural gas pipelining. This is a must-read for any researcher or engineer involved in bio-inspired surfaces and materials studies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789814704489 20161205

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