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1 online resource : illustrations.
  • 1. Introduction on Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems 2. Theoretical aspects of polymer crystallization in multiphase systems 3. Developments of experimental techniques in understanding the polymer crystallization 4. Effects of Mass Transport on Crystallization from Miscible Polymer Blends 5. Crystallization behavior of crystalline-amorphous and crystalline-crystalline block copolymers containing poly(L-lactide) 6. Crystallization and Morphology of Block Copolymers and Terpolymers with more than one Crystallizable Block 7. Crystallization behaviour of semicrystalline immiscible polymer blends 8. Crystallization behaviour of semicrystalline miscible blends 9. Fractionated crystallisation of polymer blends 10. Crystallization behaviour of polymer nanocomposites 11. Crystallisation of polymer blend nanocomposites 12. Trans-crystallization in polymer composites and nanocomposites 13. Crystallization of polymers in confined geometries 14. Crystallization behavior of semicrystalline polymers in the presence of nucleating agent 15. Strain induced crystallization 16. Effect of Ionic Liquids on the Crystallization Kinetics of various Polymers and Polymer electrolytes 17. Stereocomplex Crystallization of Polymers with Complementary Configuration.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128094532 20171017
Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems is the first book that explains in depth the crystallization behavior of multiphase polymer systems. Polymeric structures are more complex in nature than other material structures due to their significant structural disorder. Most of the polymers used today are semicrystalline, and the subject of crystallization is still one of the major issues relating to the performance of semicrystalline polymers in the modern polymer industry. The study of the crystallization processes, crystalline morphologies and other phase transitions is of great significance for the understanding the structure-property relationships of these systems. Crystallization in block copolymers, miscible blends, immiscible blends, and polymer composites and nanocomposites is thoroughly discussed and represents the core coverage of this book. The book critically analyzes the kinetics of nucleation and growth process of the crystalline phases in multi-component polymer systems in different length scales, from macro to nanoscale. Various experimental techniques used for the characterization of polymer crystallization process are discussed. Written by experts in the field of polymer crystallization, this book is a unique source and enables professionals and students to understand crystallization behavior in multiphase polymer systems such as block copolymers, polymer blends, composites and nanocomposites.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128094532 20171017
1 online resource.
  • 1. Introduction PART I: FIBRE AND YARN SELECTION 2. Fibre selection 3. Specialty/functional/high-performance fibres 4. High performance blends 5. Fabric structure and properties 6. Fibre-to-yarn predictions PART II: ENGINEERING OF HIGH PERFORMANCE FABRICS 7. Fabric types: woven, knitted or nonwoven? 8. Colour fastness 9. Warmth without the weight 10. Moisture absorption and transport 11. Easy-care fabrics 12. Stretch fit and compression 13. Pilling resistant knitwear 14. Fire retardant fabrics 15. Impact resistant fabrics 16. Camouflage fabrics 17. Insect repellent fabrics 18. Conductive textiles 19. Filtration fabrics 20. Fabrics for reinforcement of engineering composites.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081012734 20171017
Engineering of High-Performance Textiles discusses the fiber-to-fabric engineering of various textile products. Each chapter focuses on practical guidelines and approaches for common issues in textile research and development. The book discusses high-performance fibers and yarns before presenting the engineering fabrics and architectures needed for particular properties required of high-performance textiles. Properties covered include moisture absorption, pilling resistant knitwear, fire retardant fabrics, camouflage fabrics, insect repellent fabrics, filtration, and many more. Coordinated by two highly distinguished editors, this book is a practical resource for all those engaged in textile research, development and production, for both traditional and new-generation textile products, and for academics involved in research into textile science and technology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081012734 20171017
xix, 695 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Preface xiii Part 1 Strategies of Affinity Materials 1 Recent Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Methods for Sample Preparation 3 Antonio Martin-Esteban 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 Molecularly Imprinted Solid-phase Extraction 6 1.3 Molecularly Imprinted Solid-phase Microextraction 14 1.4 Molecularly Imprinted Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction 17 1.5 Other Formats 18 1.6 Conclusions 20 References 21 2 A Genuine Combination of Solvent-free Sample Preparation Technique and Molecularly Imprinted Nanomaterials 29 Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri and Prashant K. Sharma 2.1 Introduction 30 2.2 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Modified Fiber for Solid-phase Microextraction 40 2.3 In-tube Solid-phase Microextraction Technique 55 2.4 Monolithic Fiber 58 2.5 Micro-solid-phase Extraction 70 2.6 Stir-bar Sorptive Extraction 73 2.7 Conclusion and Future Scope 76 Acknowledgments 76 Abbreviations 77 References 78 3 Fluorescent Molecularly Imprinted Polymers 89 Kornelia Gawlitza, Wei Wan, Sabine Wagner and Knut Rurack 3.1 Introduction 89 3.2 Classes of Emitters to Endow MIPs with Fluorescence 91 3.3 Fluorescent Molecularly Imprinted Silica 108 3.4 Post-imprinting of MIPs 111 3.5 fMIPs as Labels 113 3.6 Formats for fMIPs 115 3.7 Conclusion 119 References 120 4 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Micro- and Nanotraps for Solid-phase Extraction 129 R dvan Say, Rustem Kecili and Arzu Ersoz 4.1 Introduction 130 4.2 MIPs as SPE Materials 130 4.3 Conclusions 149 References 153 5 Imprinted Carbonaceous Nanomaterials: A Tiny Looking Big Thing in the Field of Selective and Secific Analysis 165 Ekta Roy, Santanu Patra, Rashmi Madhuri and Prashant K. Sharma 5.1 Introduction 166 5.2 Graphene-modified Imprinted Polymer 179 5.3 Carbon Nanotubes-modified Imprinted Polymer 190 5.4 Combination of graphene, CNTs, and MIPs 197 5.5 Graphene Quantum Dots and/or Carbon Dots 198 5.6 Fullerene 201 5.7 Activated carbon 202 5.8 Conclusions 203 Acknowledgments 204 List of abbreviations 204 References 205 6 Molecularly Imprinted Materials for Fiber-optic Sensor Platforms 217 Yavuz Orhan Yaman, Necdet Ba aran, Kubra Karayagiz, Zafer Vatansever, Cengiz Yegin, Onder Haluk Tekba and Mufrettin Murat Sari 6.1 Introduction 218 6.2 Material Aspect: Morphology and Physical Forms of MIPs in FO Sensors 223 6.3 Molecularly Imprinting Technology for Fiber-optic Sensors 231 6.4 State-of-the-art Fiber-optic Sensors Applications Using Molecularly Imprinted Materials 268 6.5 Conclusion 273 References 274 Part 2 Rational Design of MIP for Advanced Applications 7 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Sensors for Biomedical and Environmental Applications 285 Anca Florea, Oana Hosu, Bianca Ciui and Cecilia Cristea 7.1 Introduction 285 7.2 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for Analytes of Biomedical Interest 296 7.3 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for Analytes of Environmental Interest 306 7.4 Conclusion 314 Acknowledgments 316 References 316 8 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers: The Affinity Adsorbents for Environmental Biotechnology 327 Bo Mattiasson and Gizem Erturk 8.1 Introduction 327 8.2 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers 329 8.3 Monomers 329 8.4 Cross-linking Agents 331 8.5 Mode of Polymerization 332 8.6 Cryogels 334 8.7 Process Technology 336 8.8 Applications 338 References 345 9 Molecular Imprinting Technology for Sensing and Separation in Food Safety 353 Baran Onal Ulusoy, Mehmet Odaba i and Ne e Hayat Aksoy 9.1 Food Safety 354 9.2 Food Analysis 355 9.3 Current Separation Methods Used for Food Safety Purposes 356 9.4 What Is MIP? 357 9.5 MIP Applications Used for Food Safety Purposes 359 References 377 10 Advanced Imprinted Materials for Virus Monitoring 389 Zeynep Altintas 10.1 Introduction 390 10.2 Virus Imprinting 393 10.3 Artificial MIP Receptors for Viruses 398 10.4 Virus Monitoring and Detection Using Biomimetic Sensors 399 10.5 Virus Imprinting for Separation Technologies 401 10.6 Conclusions 405 References 406 11 Design and Evaluation of Molecularly Imprinted Polymers as Drug Delivery Systems 413 Andre Luis Morais Ruela and Gislaine Ribeiro Pereira 11.1 Introduction 414 11.2 Synthesis and Characterization of MIPs Intended for Drug Release Using Non-covalent Approaches 418 11.3 Design and Evaluation of Drug Delivery Systems Based on MIPs 436 11.4 Conclusions 445 References 446 12 Molecularly Imprinted Materials for Controlled Release Systems 455 Yagmur Yegin, Gokhan Yilmaz, Omer Karakoc, Cengiz Yegin, Servet Cete, Mustafa Akbulut and Mufrettin Murat Sari 12.1 Introduction 456 12.2 Selectivity, Release Mechanism and Functionality of MIPs-based CR Systems 459 12.3 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers Production for Controlled Release 482 12.4 Controlled Release Applications Using Molecularly Imprinted Materials-based Controlled Release 491 12.5 Conclusion 506 References 507 13 Molecular Imprinting: The Creation of Biorecognition Imprints on the Biosensor Surfaces 523 Gizem Erturk and Bo Mattiasson 13.1 Introduction 523 13.2 Molecular Imprinting 524 13.3 Microcontact Imprinting 525 13.4 Capacitive Biosensors 529 13.5 Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensors 541 13.6 Concluding Remarks 549 References 550 14 Molecular Imprinted Polymers for Sensing of Volatile Organic Compounds in Human Body Odor 561 Sunil Kr. Jha 14.1 Introduction 562 14.2 MIP-QCM Sensor Array Preparation 573 14.3 Chemical Vapor Sensing 576 14.4 Analysis Outcomes 603 14.5 Conclusion 624 Acknowledgments 624 References 624 15 Development of Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Microcantilever Sensor System 637 Meltem Okan and Memed Duman 15.1 Introduction to Mass Sensors 637 15.2 Principles of Mass Sensors 640 15.4 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Technology 655 15.5 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based QCM Sensors 658 15.6 Ongoing Studies on Molecularly Imprinted Polymers-based Microcantilevers 661 Acknowledgments 669 References 669.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119336297 20161213
Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are an important functional material because of their potential implications in diverse research fields. The materials have been developed for a range of uses including separation, environmental, biomedical and sensor applications. In this book, the chapters are clustered into two main sections: Strategies to be employed when using the affinity materials, and rational design of MIPs for advanced applications. In the first part, the book covers the recent advances in producing MIPs for sample design, preparation and characterizations. In the second part, the chapters demonstrate the importance and novelty of creation of recognition imprinted on the materials and surfaces for a range of microbial detection sensors in the biomedical, environmental and food safety fields as well as sensing human odor and virus monitoring systems. Part 1: Strategies of affinity materials * Molecularly imprinted polymers * MIP nanomaterials * Micro- and nanotraps for solid phase extraction * Carbonaceous affinity nanomaterials * Fluorescent MIPs * MIP-based fiber optic sensors Part 2: Rational design of MIP for advanced applications * MIP-based biomedical and environmental sensors * Affinity adsorbents for environmental biotechnology * MIP in food safety * MIP-based virus monitoring * MIP-based drug delivery and controlled release * Biorecognition imprints on the biosensor surfaces * MIP-based sensing of volatile organic compounds in human body odour * MIP-based microcantilever sensor system.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119336297 20161213
Science Library (Li and Ma)
1 online resource : illustrations.
  • 1. Carpet types and requirements [REPRINT] D. Whitefoot 2. Structure and properties of carpet fibres and yarns Sailen Kumar Chaudhuri 3. Advances in carpet weaving Kristof De Ruyck 4. Tufting techniques and yarn manufacture Kristof De Ruyck 5. Recycling carpet materials Mohsen Miraftab 6. Developments in wool carpet manufacture [REPRINT] E.J. Wood 7. Developments in textile sports surfaces [REPRINT] Gustaaf Schoukens 8. Reducing static electricity in carpets Jeremy Smallwood 9. Carpets for improved acoustics and sound absorption Paul Bakker 10. Functional finish for value added carpets Mangesh Teli 11. Developments in handmade carpets: introduction K. K. Goswami 12. Developments in handmade carpets: design and manufacture K. K. Goswami 13. Developments in the thermal processing of carpets [REPRINT] Wallace Carr, Hongming Ding, Fred L. Cook 14. Carpets from the buyer's viewpoint Dietrich Kebschull 15. Processing and finishing in carpet R. K. Malik 16. Carpet cleaning and maintenance Agnes Zsednai 17. Carpet quality and durability S. K. Gupta 18. Emerging technologies in a carpet and textiles context R. Chattopadhyay 19. Classification of carpets Bholanath Baranwal 20. Performance measurement and management of carpet Propa Goswami.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081011317 20171017
Advances in Carpet Manufacture, Second Edition, discusses the manufacture of carpets, an industry that has evolved over hundreds of years, also exploring the new changes and developments in textile science and manufacturing technology that occur every day. This updated edition provides revised, expanded and updated coverage of carpet manufacturing processes and applications. The book begins by reviewing the different types of carpets and their applications, also exploring the structure and properties of carpet materials. Carpet manufacturing techniques are then reviewed, including a new chapter on tufting and yarn manufacturing techniques, and design and manufacture for handmade carpets. Subsequent chapters review the development of carpets with important properties, including new chapters on carpets for acoustics and sound absorption, carpets with increased fire retardancy and those with antimicrobial and soil-resist finishes. With the variety of topics covered and its international team of contributors, the book offers a valuable and informative reference for technologists in the carpet and associated industries. However, it is also a great resource for researchers and students working in applied textile sciences.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081011317 20171017
1 online resource (358 pages) : illustrations.
  • Ion channels, nanomechanics, and nanomedicine / Keka Talukdar
  • Analysis of the bacterial vesicles' enhanced toxicological threat via electron microscopy / Roberta Curia [and 5 others]
  • Applications of polymeric micro- and nano-particles in dentistry / Balasankar Meera Priyadarshini, Nileshkumar Dubey
  • Sensing the presence and amount of microbes using double walled carbon nanotubes / Anand Y Joshi, Ajay M Patel
  • CNS targeted nanoparticle drug delivery: CNS drug delivery / Dimple Sethi Chopra
  • Silver oxide-copper oxide nanocomposite preparation and antimicrobial activity as a source for the treatment of fish diseases: silver oxide-copper oxide nanocomposite preparation and antimicrobial activity / Sayed Reza Shaffiey, Sayedeh Fatemeh Shaffiey
  • Performance analysis of FET-based nanoiosensors by computational method / Keka Talukdar, Anil Shantappa Malipatil
  • Self-setting calcium phosphate bone cement preparation, characterization and drug delivery for skeletal system / Sayed Reza Shaffiey, Sayedeh Fatemeh Shaffiey
  • Mineralized nanofibers for bone tissue engineering / Ozan Karaman
  • Recent advances in synthesis and biomedical applications of magnetic nanoparticles: magnetic nanoparticles for biomedical applications / Irshad Ahmad Wani
  • Stratagems of nanotechnology augmenting the bioavailability and therapeutic efficacy of traditional medicine to formulate smart herbal drugs combating / Anita Margret.
The application of nanotechnology within the medical sphere has had a significant influence on how diseases and conditions are treated and diagnosed. While many strides have been made, there is still continuous research on nanotechnology being performed in the field. Advancing Medicine through Nanotechnology and Nanomechanics Applications highlights emergent trends and empirical research on technological innovations in medicine and healthcare. Investigating the impact of nanotechnology and nanomechanics on the treatment of diseases, regenerative medicine, and drug delivery systems, this publication is a vital reference source for professionals, researchers, medical students, and engineering students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781522510437 20161213
1 online resource (p. 579-589) : digital, PDF file.
Organic photovoltaic systems comprising donor polymers and acceptor fullerene derivatives are attractive for inexpensive energy harvesting. Extensive research on polymer solar cells has provided insight into the factors governing device-level efficiency and stability. However, the detailed investigation of nanoscale structures is still challenging. Here we demonstrate the analysis and modification of unidentified surface aggregates. The aggregates are characterized electrically by Kelvin probe force microscopy and conductive atomic force microscopy (C-AFM), whereby the correlation between local electrical potential and current confirms a defective charge transport. Bimodal AFM modification confirms that the aggregates exist on top of the solar cell structure, and is used to remove them and to reveal the underlying active layer. The systematic analysis of the surface aggregates suggests that the structure consists of PCBM molecules.
1 online resource.
  • Introduction.- Trans-Cis Isomerization.- Azo Polymer Syntheses.- Photoinduced Orientation and Anisotropy.- Photoinduced Mass Transport.- Photoresponsive Liquid Crystal Elastomers.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783662534229 20170515
This book explores functional polymers containing aromatic azo chromophores in side-chain, main-chain and other parts of their structures, known as azo polymers and which share common photoresponsive properties. It focuses on the molecular architecture of azo polymers, the synthetic methods and their most important functions, such as photoinduced birefringence and dichroism, surface-relief-grating (SRG) formation, and light-driven deformation of liquid crystal elastomers. It combines a general survey of the subject and in-depth discussions of each topic, including numerous illustrations, figures, and photographs. Offering a balance between an introduction to the core concepts and a snapshot of hot and emerging topics, it is of interest to graduate students and researchers working in this and related fields. Xiaogong Wang is a Professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, China.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783662534229 20170515
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
1 online resource.
1 online resource : illustrations
  • 1. Bio-Composites in Therapeutic Applications: Current Status and Future 2. Redox-Responsive Hydrogels 3. Stimuli-Responsive Guar Gum Composites for Colon-Specific Drug Delivery 4. Biopolymer-Based Composites for Transdermal Drug Delivery 5. Composites of Nanoparticles and Hydrogels: A potential Solution to Current Challenges in Buccal Drug Delivery 6. Bio-Composites in Ocular Drug Delivery 7. Dendrimers: Smart Nanoengineereed Polymers for Bioinspired Applications in Drug Delivery 8. Nanoparticles for Tumor Targeting 9. Biopolymer Nanoparticles for Theranostics Applications in Cancer Therapy and Bioimaging 10. Polycationic Biopolymers for Gene Delivery Applications 11. Biomedical and Drug Delivery Applications of Functionalized Inorganic Nanomaterials 12. Chitosan/Carbon-based Nanomaterials Composites as Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081019146 20170814
Biopolymer-Based Composites: Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications presents a comprehensive review on recent developments in biopolymer-based composites and their use in drug delivery and biomedical applications. The information contained in this book is critical for the more efficient use of composites, as detailed up-to-date information is a pre-requirement. The information provided brings cutting-edge developments to the attention of young investigators to encourage further advances in the field of bio-composite research. Currently, biopolymers are being investigated for the design of various drug delivery and biomedical devices due to their non-toxic, biodegradable and biocompatible nature. Mostly, biopolymer-based solid orals, gels, hydrogel beads, and transdermal matrices have been designed in order to control drug/protein release in simulated bio-fluids.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081019146 20170814
1 online resource (655 KB) : digital, PDF file.
The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) has completed a fourth year-long evaluation on residential hot water heating systems in a laboratory environment (east central Florida, hot-humid climate). This report contains a summary of research activities regarding the evaluation of two residential electric heat pump water heaters (HPWHs), a solar thermal system utilizing a polymer glazed absorber and a high efficiency natural gas system.
1 online resource : illustrations (chiefly color)
  • Part 1: Characterization of Morphology of Polymeric Biomaterials 1. Characterization of 2D polymeric biomaterial structures or Surfaces 2. Characterization of 3D porous structures Part 2: Surface characterization 3. Wettability and contact angle of polymeric biomaterials 4. Spectroscopy (XPS, SIMS, TOF-SIMS) and energy Dispersive Spectroscopy for polymeric biomaterials Part 3: Structure analysis 5. Molecular weight of polymers used in biomedical applications 6. Characterization of thermal and cristallinity properties of polymer biomaterials 7. NMR, FT-IR and Raman characterization of polymer biomaterials Part 4: Mechanical properties 8. Static and uniaxial characterization of polymer biomaterials 9. Dynamico-mechanical characterization of polymer biomaterials 10. Rheometry of polymer bionaterials 11. Surface mechanical properties of biomaterials Part 5: Biological characterization 12. In vitro interaction of polymeric biomaterials with cells (static) 13. Interaction of polymeric biomaterials with Bacteria (static) 14. In vitro dynamic interactions of polymeric biomaterials (elementary) Part 6: Case studies 15. Traditional polymer medical devices: ex vivo analysis 16. Collagen hydrogel-based scaffolds for vascular vessel regeneration: mechanical and viscoelastic characterization 17. Polymer scaffolds for bone regeneration.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081007372 20170814
Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials presents a comprehensive introduction on the topic before discussing the morphology and surface characterization of biomedical polymers. The structural, mechanical, and biological characterization is described in detail, followed by invaluable case studies of polymer biomaterial implants. With comprehensive coverage of both theoretical and experimental information, this title will provide scientists with an essential guide on the topic of these materials which are regularly used for clinical applications, such as implants and drug delivery devices. However, a range of novel polymers and the development and modification of existing medical polymers means that there is an ongoing need to satisfy particular design requirements. This book explains the critical and fundamentals methods to characterize polymer materials for biomedical applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081007372 20170814
xiv, 210 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
  • Polymer Chemistry-- Polymerisation Reactions-- Polymer Structure-- Crosslinking-- Polymer Solutions-- Methods of Determining Relative MolarMass-- Mechanical Properties of Polymers-- Polymer Degradation-- Dendrimers-- Special Topics in Polymer Chemistry-- Polymers and the Environment--.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782628323 20170515
The Chemistry of Polymers, 5th Edition, is fully updated with the latest developments in polymer science providing a highly readable textbook for those requiring a broad overview of the subject. Like previous editions, the book continues to explore the subject from an applications point of view, providing a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of polymer science including synthesis, structure, properties, degradation and dendrimers. Recent advances in special topics in polymer chemistry and polymers and the environment are also discussed in an informative and up-to-date manner. The new edition features additional content on recent developments in new polymer synthesis techniques including reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization, atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) and ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP). The book also contains new content on the latest developments in polymer characterisation methods as well as applications of polymers including co-ordination polymers and lithium-polymer batteries. The book is essential reading for university students, teachers and scientists who wish to acquire an up-to-the-minute overview of polymer science and its many specialised topics in an informative and easy to read style.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782628323 20170515
Science Library (Li and Ma)
1 online resource.
  • 1. Polymer restructuring at plastic deformation 2. Modification of synthetic fibers 3. Antimicrobial fibers 4. Fibers of reduced combustibility 5. Scented and repellent fibers 6. Novel crazing technology applications.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081012710 20170612
Crazing Technology for Polyester Fibers reviews PET fibers crazing in surface-active liquids and the use of the crazing mechanism for fiber modification by functional additives. The first chapter reviews existing literature, and subsequent chapters present the research of the authors, with an emphasis on how these techniques can be used to create textiles for a wide variety of purposes. With two highly regarded and very experienced authors bringing together the latest information on polyester crazing technology, this book is essential reading for scientific researchers, engineers, and R&D professionals working on the development of fibers for improving the properties of textiles.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081012710 20170612
1 online resource (1241) : digital, PDF file.
Here, we present an application of eigenvector centrality to encode the connectivity of polymer networks resolved at the micro- and meso-scopic length scales. This method captures the relative importance of different nodes within the network structure and provides a route toward the development of a statistical mechanics model that correlates connectivity with mechanical response. This scheme may be informed by analytical and semi-analytical models for the network structure, or through direct experimental examination. It may be used to predict the reduction in mechanical performance for heterogeneous materials subjected to specific modes of damage. Here, we develop the method and demonstrate that it leads to the prediction of established trends in elastomers. We also apply the model to the case of a self-healing polymer network reported in the literature, extracting insight about the fraction of bonds broken and re-formed during strain and recovery.
1 online resource (211 p.) : digital, PDF file.
The primary project objective was development of improved polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) which address the key DOE barriers of performance, durability and cost. Additional project objectives were to address commercialization barriers specific to MEAs comprising 3M nanostructured thin film (NSTF) electrodes, including a larger-than-acceptable sensitivity to operating conditions, an unexplained loss of rated power capability with operating time, and slow break-in conditioning. Significant progress was made against each of these barriers, and most DOE 2020 targets were met or substantially approached.
1 online resource.
  • Part I - Introduction to textiles and their role in forensics 1. Fibres, yarns and fabrics, and their role in forensics 2. Garmentand household textiles and their role in forensics 3. Evidence collection and storage for forensic textiles Part II - Analysing textile damage in a forensic context 4. Forensic analysis of textile degradation and natural damage 5. Forensic analysis of sharp weapon damage to textiles 6. Forensic analysis of blunt impact damage to textiles 7. Forensic analysis of blood spatter on textiles 8. Forensic analysis of textile ripping 9. Forensic analysis of ballistic damage to textiles.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081018729 20170710
Forensic Textile Science provides an introduction to textile science, emphasizing the terminology of the discipline and offering detailed coverage of the ways textile damage analysis can be used in forensics. Part One introduces textiles and their role in forensics, including chapters on fibers, yarns and fabrics, garment types and construction, and household textiles. Part Two covers analysis of textile damage in a forensic context. Key topics include textile degradation and natural damage, weapon and impact damage, textile ripping, and ballistic damage. This book is an important reference point for all those interested in textile damage and the role of textiles in forensics, including academics, post-graduate students, and forensic scientists.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081018729 20170710
1 online resource (155 p.) : digital, PDF file.
Neutron experiments coupled with computational components have resulted in unprecedented understanding of the factors that impact the behavior of ionic structured polymers. Additionally, new computational tools to study macromolecules, were developed. In parallel, this DOE funding have enabled the education of the next generation of material researchers who are able to take the advantage neutron tools offer to the understanding and design of advanced materials. Our research has provided unprecedented insight into one of the major factors that limits the use of ionizable polymers, combining the macroscopic view obtained from the experimental techniques with molecular insight extracted from computational studies leading to transformative knowledge that will impact the design of nano-structured, materials. With the focus on model systems, of broad interest to the scientific community and to industry, the research addressed challenges that cut across a large number of polymers, independent of the specific chemical structure or the transported species.
1 online resource.
  • Functional Nanocomposites Based on Fibrous Clays-- Fibrillar Attapulgite-Rubber Nanocomposites-- Rubber-Rectorite Composites with High Gas Barrier Properties-- Design and Physiochemical Characterization of Novel Organic-Inorganic Hybrids from Natural Aluminosilicate Nanotubes-- Surface Modification of Halloysite-- Halloysite Based Smart Hybrid Nanomaterials for the Solubilization of Hydrophobic Compounds in Aqueous Media-- Halloysite and Related Mesoporous Carriers for Advanced Catalysis and Drug Delivery-- Application of Clay Materials as Nanocontainers for Self-Healing Coatings-- Flame Retardant Polymer-Halloysite Nanocomposites-- Polymer-Halloysite Composite Membranes for Ultrafiltration and Proton Exchange Applications-- Rubber Functionalized with Halloysite Loaded with Antioxidants and Antibacterials-- Halloysite-Dopamine Hybrid Nanotubes to Immobilize Biomacromolecules-- Halloysite Clay Nanotubes for Long Acting Controlled Release of Drugs and Proteins-- Biocompatible Electrospun Polymer-Halloysite Nanofibers for Sustained Release-- Toxicological Evaluation of Clay Nanomaterials and Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782624226 20170213
Polymer-clay nanocomposites have flame-retardant, antimicrobial, anticorrosion and self-healing properties, they are biocompatible and environmentally benign. Multiple types of clay minerals may be exfoliated or individually dispersed and then used as natural nanoparticle additives of different size and shape for composite formation. Loading polymers with clays increases their strength, however, it is only recently that such composites were prepared with controlled nanoscale organization allowing for the enhancement of their mechanical properties and functionality. Edited by pioneers in the field, this book will explain the great potential of these materials and will bring together the combined physico-chemical, materials science and biological expertise to introduce the reader to the vibrant field of nanoclay materials. This book will provide an essential text for materials and polymers scientists in industry and academia.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782624226 20170213
1 online resource
  • PART I. INTRODUCTION Chapter 1. Introduction 1.1 Milestones in the development of polymer science 1.2 Basic terms and definitions in polymer science 1.3 Bonding opportunities in chemistry. PART II. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYMERS Chapter 2. Flexibility of polymer chains and its origin 2.1. Conformational stereoisomerism of macromolecules 2.2. Conformational statistics of chain models 2.3. Types of flexibility and its quantitative treatment Chapter 3. Amorphous state of polymers 3.1. Characterization of state of matter 3.2. State of matter and phase transitions of condensed substances. Glass transition 3.3. Deformation of polymers. Three deformational (relaxational) states of polymers 3.4. Relaxation phenomena 3.5. Glassy state of polymers 3.6. High elastic state of polymers 3.7. Viscous-liquid state of polymers 3.8. Mechanical models of linear polymers 3.9. Structure and morphology of amorphous polymers, polymer melts and solutions 3.10. Liquid-crystalline polymers Chapter 4. Crystalline polymers 4.1. Peculiarities of crystalline polymers. Degree of crystallinity 4.2. Prerequisites for polymer crystallization 4.3. Kinetic and mechanisms of crystallization 4.4. Growth of nuclei (crystals) 4.5. Total crystallization rate 4.6. Melting and recrystallization 4.7. Morphology and molecular structure of crystalline polymers Chapter 5. Mechanics of polymers 5.1. Basic terms and definitions 5.2. Nature of neck formation 5.3. Strength of polymers and long-term strength 5.4. Polymer failure ? mechanism and theories Chapter 6. Polymer solutions 6.1. Development of ideas regarding the nature of polymer solutions 6.2. Thermodynamics of polymer solutions 6.3. Flory ? Huggins theory 6.4. Concentrated polymer solutions. Plasticizing Chapter 7. Polymer molecular weights 7.1. Types of molecular weights 7.2. Polydispersity and molecular weight distribution 7.3. Methods for determination of weight and sizes of macromolecules Chapter 8. Methods for characterization and investigation of polymers 8.1. Diffraction methods 8.2. Microscopic methods. 8.3. Thermal methods 8.4. Spectroscopic techniques for investigation of polymer structure and conformational studies of macromolecules 8. 5. Static and dynamic mechanical techniques PART III. SYNTHESIS OF POLYMERS Chapter 9. Polycondensation (condensation polymerization) 9.1. Introduction 9.2. Equilibrium polycondensation 9.3. Non-equilibrium polycondensation 9.4. Polycondensation in three dimensions Chapter 10. Chain polymerization 10.1. Introduction 10.2. Radical polymerization 10.3Radical copolymerization 10.4 Ionic polymerization Chapter 11. Synthesis of polymers with special molecular arrangements 11.1 Block and graft copolymers 11.2Graft copolymers 11.3. Stereoregular polymers Chapter 12. Chemical reactions with macromolecules. New non-traditional methods for polymer synthesis 12.1. Introduction 12.2. Polymer-analogous reactions 12.3. Polymer destruction 12.4. New non-traditional methods for polymer synthesis PART IV. POLYMER MATERIALS AND THEIR PROCESSING Chapter 13. Polymer materials and their processing 13.1. Introduction 13.2. Fibers 13.3. Elastomers 13.4. Polymer blends 13.5. Films and sheets 13.6. Polymer composites 13.7. Nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites 13.8. Basic problems in polymer science and technology: environmental impact, interfacial adhesion quality, aspect ratio 13.9. Polymer?polymer and single polymer composites: definitions, nomenclature, advantages and disadvantages 13.10. Processing of fiber-reinforced composites 13.11. Fabrication of shaped objects from polymers Chapter 14. Polymers for special applications 14.1. Electrically conductive polymers 14.2. High-performance thermoplastics 14.3. Polymers for Hydrogen storage 14.4. Smart materials 14.5. Uses for polymers in biomedicine 14.6. Tissue engineering 14.7. Controlled release of drugs.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527802180 20170907
Filling a gap in the market, this textbook provides a concise, yet thorough introduction to polymer science for advanced engineering students and practitioners, focusing on the chemical, physical and materials science aspects that are most relevant for engineering applications. After covering polymer synthesis and properties, the major section of the book is devoted to polymeric materials, such as thermoplastics and polymer composites, polymer processing such as injection molding and extrusion, and methods for large-scale polymer characterization. The text concludes with an overview of engineering plastics. The emphasis throughout is on application-relevant topics, and the author focuses on real-life, industry-relevant polymeric materials.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527802180 20170907
1 online resource.
  • 1. Introduction 2. Plastic Film Production 3. Plastic Mulches for the Production of Vegetable Crops 4. Row Covers 5. Drip Irrigation 6. High Tunnels 7. Plastics in Greenhouse Production 8. Horticulture Plastics 9. Plastics in Animal Production 10. Disposal of Plastics.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081021705 20170515
The use of plastics in agriculture - to increase crop output, improve food quality and improve sustainability - has grown substantially in both quantity and the range of applications. Many of the early researchers that conducted field research in the use of plastics in agriculture have either retired or are deceased. These early pioneers in plasticulture research, the basis of plant production using plastics, were very creative and persistent in discovering uses of plastics in agricultural applications. A Guide to the Manufacture, Performance, and Potential of Plastics in Agriculture contains both references not only to their accomplishments but also their publications. The book discusses plasticulture-the basis of plant production using plastics - including topics such as plastic mulch, row covers, drip irrigation, and high/low tunnels. It covers the process of producing polyethylene and polypropylene plastics that are used in plant and animal production agriculture, and the many uses of plastics in all aspects of agriculture, including plastic greenhouses, rigid mold plastics, disposal of plastics, and plastics in animal production. This book introduces a range of academics and industrial practitioners to the impact of plastics in agriculture, both historically and in a range of current applications. It also provides new perspectives on future developments to enable further research and application. It is an invaluable reference on the use of polyethylene, polypropylene films, and such products in all aspects of agricultural production.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081021705 20170515


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