London ; New York : Tauris Academic Studies, 1995.
Book — xii, 194 p.,  p. of plates : col. ill., map ; 23 cm.
First stages 1829-1837-- the first mission at Pirara 1838-- retreat to Urwa 1839-- retreat to Waraputa 1840-41-- the occupation of Pirara 1842-- the withdrawal from Pirara 1842-- the closing scenes 1842-43-- the aftermath-- afterthoughts.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
A survey of the mainsprings of imperial expansion. Riviere describes how Britain, at the height of its power, was dragged reluctantly (with little thought and no clear policy) into a minor border dispute with Brazil, solved only after sending a boundary commission and an expeditionary force. Centred on the remote Indian village of Pirara, on the border between north-eastern Brazil and British Guiana, the story of the Anglo-Brazilian border dispute reveals much about the varied and conflicting motivations of imperial expansion. Key aspects of the dispute were: zealous Protestant and Catholic mission activity; attempts to end slavery; and the overwhelming motivation to establish links and to define and control imperial boundaries. This account is based upon extensive fieldwork and Foreign Office and Colonial Office records, archives in Guyana and Brazil, and also a wide range of diaries, journals and contemporary writings. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Introduction: The confederados / Cyrus B. Dawsey and James M. Dawsey
Leaving: the context of the southern emigration to Brazil / Cyrus B. Dawsey and James M. Dawsey
The journey: the Sarah Bellona Smith Ferguson narrative / edited by Cyrus B. Dawsey and James M. Dawsey
Settling: migration of the McMullan colonists and evolution of the colonies in Brazil / William C. Griggs
Fitting in: relocating family and capital within the nineteenth-century Atlantic world economy: the Brazilian connection / Laura Jarnagin
The heritage: the confederados' contributions to Brazilian agriculture, religion, and education / James M. Dawsey and Cyrus B. Dawsey
The Baptists: southern religion and emigres to Brazil, 1865-1885 / Wayne Flynt
The Methodists: the southern migrants and the Methodist mission / James M. Dawsey
A community center: evolution and significance of the Campo site in the Santa Barbara settlement area / Cyrus B. Dawsey
Constructing identity: defining the American [word is crossed out] descendants in Brazil / John C. Dawsey
The language: the preservation of southern speech among the colonists / Michael B. Montgomery and Cecil Ataide Melo
Conclusions: Currents in confederado research / Cyrus B. Dawsey and James M. Dawsey
Postscript: Reflections of a confederado / Eugene C. Harter
Annotated bibliography / James M. Gravois and Elizabeth J. Weisbrod.
Of all the colonies founded by former Confederates in Latin America, the most important was established by William Norris at Americana in southeastern Brazil. For 125 years the people in Americana have held on to their language and customs, while prospering within and contributing to the larger Brazilian economy and society. The original settlers came from Alabama, Texas, Louisiana, Georgia, and South Carolina, and some of them returned home for visits from time to time. Much has been written about these people, but there has been relatively little scholarly inquiry into the historical context and the events of the migration itself, the cultural impact that these confederados exerted on their host country, and the ways in which the original settlers and their descendants fit into the larger Brazilian society. Most immigrant nationalities arriving in Brazil were quickly absorbed by the surrounding culture. Although the Confederates numbered but a few thousand and appeared earlier than most of the groups from other nations, they maintained distinctive traits, and many of their descendants still speak English as a first language. The editors provide an excellent scholarly examination of the confederados that is unique in its approach. This volume focuses on the Norris settlement, near present-day Americana, and makes clear the ways in which the Americans influenced Brazilian culture beginning in the 1860s and continuing to the present. (source: Nielsen Book Data)