The anti-rightist campaign and political labelling
Beijing rightists on the army farms of Beidahuang
Political offenders in Xingkaihu labour camp
Life and death in Beidahuang
Inner turmoil and internecine strife among political exiles
End without end.
Following Mao Zedong's Anti-Rightist Campaign of 1957-58, Chinese intellectuals were subjected to "re-education" by the state. In Banished to the Great Northern Wilderness, Ning Wang draws on labour farm archives and other newly uncovered Chinese-language sources, including an interview with a camp guard, to provide a remarkable look at the suffering and complex psychological world of intellectuals banished to China's remote north. Wang's use of grassroots sources challenges our perception of the intellectual as a renegade martyr - revealing how exiles often denounced one another and, for self-preservation, declared allegiance to the state. (source: Nielsen Book Data)