Book —  leaves (the first blank) ; 40 cm (fol.).
The Liber pandectarum medicinae by the Mantuan physician, Matteo Silvatico (d. 1342) is a dictionary of drugs with references to their uses by such authorities as Avicenna, Mesue, Serapion, Galen and Dioscorides. First published in the 1470s this work filled a practical need and went through many editions in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. --
The Lane copy is of special interest for its printing by the so-called “R Printer” (Adolf Rusch) of Strassburg, and for its original chained binding, complete with all the metal bosses and clasps, and the original chain. It is one of very few rare medical books extant that preserve the original chain from a chained library. The pages of the copy are also rubricated by hand in the style of medieval manuscripts. There is an unusual seventeenth century bookplate on the front pastedown.--J. Norman, 2006.
Impressum Venetijs [Venice] : Summa cura ac sollicitudine Herma[n]ni Lichte[n]stein Colonie[n]sis, anno Dominici natalis MCCCCLXXXIII quarto Kalendas Apriles .
Book — 212 [i.e. 216] leaves ; 34 cm (fol.)
(from foot of leaf 1b with explanations):
. Primo est liber Johan[n]icij qui d[icitu]r isagoge in greco [Isagoge ad Tegni Galeni / Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq al-ʻIbādī, leaves 2-4]
. Secundo libellus de pulsibus philareti [De pulsibus / Theophilus Protospatharius, leaves 4-5]
. Tertio est libell[us] Theophili de vrinis [De urinis / Theophilus Protospatharius, translated from Greek, leaves 5-7]
. Quarto sunt Hippocratis aphorismi i[m] ordine[m] collecti [Aphorisms / Hippocrates, with Galen's commentary, translated from Arabic by Constantinus Africanus?, with preface to Glaucon by Constantinus Africanus, table, leaf 8; text, leaves 9-?]
. Qui[n]to su[n]t aph[orism]i eiusde[m] cum co[m]mento Galieni [Aphorisms / Hippocrates, with Galen's commentary, leaves ?-45; table leaf 46]
. Sexto liber prostico[rum] eiusde[m] diuisus in tres [par]ticulas [In Hippocratis Prognostica / Galen's commentary on Hippocrates' Prognostics, leaves 47-75]
. Septi[m]o liber regimi[n]s acuto[rum] [con]tine[n]s [qua]ttuor [par]ticulas [Regimen acutorum, translated from Arabic by Gherardo da Cremona, with Galen's commentary, leaves 75-119]
. Octauo est li. epidimia[rum] hip. cu[m] co[mento] viii [par]ticulas [con]tine[n]s [Liber epidemiarum / Pseudo-? Hippocrates, translated by Simon Genuensis, with Joannes Alexandrinus' epitome of Galen's commentaries, leaves 120-150 + 2 unnumbered leaves]
. Nono e[st] libellus hippo. qui intitulatur de na[tura] fetus [De natura puerorum, translated from Greek by Bartolomeo da Messina, 3 unnumbered leaves preceding leaf 151]
. Deci[m]o liber Galieni [qui] d[icitu]r tegni siue ars parua [Liber qui Microtechni, sive, Ars parva intitulatur (Technē iatrikē) / Galen, with the commentary of ʻAli ibn Riḍwān, translated from Arabic by Gherardo da Cremona, leaves 151-210]
. Undeci[m]o libell[us] Gentilis de fulgineo de diuisio[n]e &c. [De divisione librorum Galeni / Gentilis Fulginas, leaf 210]
. Duodeci[m]o libell[us] de lege hip. [De lege / Hippocrates, translated from Greek by Arnaldus de Villanova, leaf 211] & libell[us] [qui] d[icitu]r iusiurandu[m] [Jusjurandum / Hippocrates, translated from Greek by Pietro Paolo Vergerio, one of the earliest printings of the Hippocratic Oath, leaf 211].
(same modernized without explanations):
. Primo est liber Johannicii qui dicitur Isagoge in Greco
. Secundo libellus De pulsibus Philareti
. Tertio est libellus Theophili De urinis
. Quarto sunt Hippocratis aphorismi im ordinem collecti
. Quinto sunt aphorismi ejusdem cum commento Galieni
. Sexto liber prosticorum ejusdem divisus in tres particulas
. Septimo liber regimins acutorum continens quatuor particulas
. Octavo est liber epidimiarum Hip. cum comento viii particulas continens
. Nono est libellus Hippo. qui intitulatur De natura fetus
. Decimo liber Galieni qui dicitur tegni, sive, Ars parva
. Undecimo libellus Gentilis de Fulgineo De divisione &c.
. Duodecimo libellus De lege Hip. & libellus qui dicitur Jusjurandum.
The Articella is an anthology of medical treatises by various authors that was used mainly as a textbook and reference manual from the 13th to the 16th centuries, first in manuscript, then in European printed editions from 1476-1534. The collection grew around a synthetic exposition of classical Greek medicine written in Baghdad by physician and polyglot Hunayn bin Ishaq, better known in the West as Joannitius. His synthesis was in turn based on Galen's Ars Medica (Techne iatrike) and thus became known in Europe as Isagoge Joannitii ad Tegni Galieni ("Hunayn's Introduction to the Art of Galen).--Paraphrased from Wikipedia.
Second printed edition of the Articella, a medieval compendium of the Ars Medicinae considered essential for the medical curriculum at the earliest medical schools. It can be traced back to the twelfth century School of Salerno, the first organized medical school in medieval Europe. The Articella included Latin translations of writings by various Arabic and Greek authors. Divided into two parts--theoretical and practical--this anthology, expanded with commentaries, became a core work of the medieval medical curriculum. It remained popular well into the sixteenth century. --
The 1483 edition of the Articella, edited by Pietro Paulo Vergerio, contains one of the earliest appearances in print of the Hippocratic oath, or Iusurandum. The actual first printing of the oath may be Nicolaus Perottus's De Generibus Metrorum (Verona: Boninus de Boninis, circa 1475-1483.) Another contender for the first printing is De Natura Hominis, translated by Andrea Brenta and issued in Rome by Eucharius Silber in 1483. The briefer first printed edition of the Articella issued in Padua in 1476 did not include the oath. This edition was printed in Venice by Herman Liechtenstein of Cologne on March 29, 1483.--J. Norman, 2006.
Et impressa Venetijs [Venice] : Ingenio ac impe[n]sa Hermanni Lichtenstein Coloniensis, anno salut[is] MCCCXC vij idus septembris [1490-09-07].
Book —  pages ; 23 x 17 cm (4to)
Legenda Sancti Thome
1. Contra errores Graecorum
2. De rationibus fidei contra Saracenos, sive De declaratione articulorum contra Graecos, Armenos et Saracenos
3. Compendium theologiae
4. De praeceptis caritatis
5. De articulis fidei et ecclesiae sacramentis
6. Expositio super Symbolum apostolorum
7. Expositio orationis Dominicae
8. Expositio super Ave Maria, sive salutationis angelicae
9. Articuli CVIII ex Petro de Tarentasia
10. Articuli XLII ad Johannem Vercellensem
11. Articuli XXXVI ad lectorem Venetum
12. Articuli VI ad lectorem Bisuntinum
13. De differentia verbi
14. De natura verbi intellectus
15. De angelis
16. De unitate intellectus contra Averroem
17. Contra retrahentes, sive De perfectione christianae religionis
18. De perfectione vitae spiritualis
19. Contra impugnantes Dei
20. De regimine principum
21. De regimine Judaeorum, sive De Iudeis ad petitionem
22. De forma absolutionis
23. Expositio primae Decretalis
24. Expositio secundae Decretalis
25. De sortibus ad Jacobum de Burgo
26. De astrorum iudiciis
27. De aeternitate mundi
28. De fato
29. De principio individuationis
30. De ente et essentia
31. De principiis rerum naturalium
32. De natura materiae
33. De mixtione elementorum
34. De occultis operibus naturae, sive Libellus occultorum naturae effectuum
35. De motu cordis
36. De instantibus
37. De quattuor oppositis
38. De demonstratione
39. De fallaciis
40. De propositionibus modalibus
41. De natura accidentis
42. De natura generis
43. De potentiis animae
44. De tempore
45. De pluralitate formarum
46. De dimensionibus interminatis
47. De natura syllogismorum
48. Summa totius logicae [omitted]
49. De sensu respectu
50. De inventione medii
51. De natura luminis
52. De natura loci
53. De intellectu et intelligibili, sive De modo intelligendi
54. De eo quo est et quod est
55. De universalibus
56. De item universalibus
57. De corpore Christi
58. De venerabili sacramento sermones XXXII, sive Modus procedendi in sermones de sacramento eucharistiae
59. De eucharistia ad modum decem praedicamentorum, sive De corpore Christi
60. De humanitate Christi
61. De dilectione Dei et proximi
62. De divinis moribus
63. De beatitudine
64. De modo confitendi et puritate conscientiae
65. De officio sacerdotis
66. Expositio missae, sive De officio missae
67. De emptione et venditione ad tempus
68. Epistola de modo studendi, sive Epistola exhortatoria
69. In Boethium de hebdomadibus
70. In Boethium de Trinitate
71. De vitiis et virtutibus, sive Quaternarius
72. De concordantiis in seipsum
[73. De usuris (omitted)]
Tabula summae opusculorum Thomae de Aquino.
First edition of the collection to be edited, containing a total of 71 opuscula, numbered from 1 to 72 (no. 48 listed in table of contents, but its omission noted in text). No. 73, De usuris, also not included.
A medical treatise in ten discourses supposed to have been written in honor of a Samanide prince by the name of al-Manṣūr (Mansur ibn Ishaq).
Rhazes (circa 854-925), a Persian philosopher and physician, was most influential as an encyclopedist. "His compilations included extensive information from diverse sources and provided original clinical histories and the results of therapeutic experiments." (Norman, One Hundred Books Famous in Medicine  6.). Rhazes provided the first accurate descriptions of smallpox and measles, and made original contributions to obstetrics and ophthalmology. --
This copy is of primary interest for the extensive marginalia by a contemporary hand, including cartoons and doodles illustrating aspects of the text. It provides fine insight into how a fifteenth century medical student attempted to absorb this encyclopedic work.--J. Norman, 2006.
This edition of Rhazes' Liber ad Almansorem also contains more than twenty other medical tracts widely read at the time, including tracts by Maimonides, Hippocrates, and Avenzoar. Issued in Venice on October 7, 1497, it was the fifth edition of Rhazes' primary work printed in the fifteenth century. --
First edition of the medical and therapeutic section of the medical encyclopedia, or al-Tasrif, of Abul-Qasim or Albucasis (936?-1013?). The pharmaceutical section of this work was printed as early as 1471, and the surgical section was first printed in 1497. This edition was edited by the physician Sigismund Grimm--one of the few Renaissance physicians who was also a printer. It is distinguished by the fine woodcut on the title page signed H.B. for Hans Burgkmair (c. 1473-c. 1550), showing physicians at a consulting table. The final leaf contains the particularly beautiful printer's mark of the printers Sigismund Grimm and Marc Vuirsung who issued the book in Augsburg in 1519. The work contains the first description of hemophilia.--J. Norman, 2006.
Argentorati [Strasbourg] : Apud Joannem Schottum, librarium, cum prærogativa cæs. maiestatis ad sexennium, M.D.XXXI .
Book — 163,  pages (the last leaf blank) : illustrations (woodcuts) ; 31 cm (fol.)
A description (in 40 "tables") of 280 objects, chiefly foodstuffs, but also human activities and natural phenomena, which affect health; this edition includes woodcuts of each object by Hans Weiditz at the foot of each alternate page of text.
First edition of Ibn Butlan's synoptic Tacuini Sanitatis (Almanach of Health) divided into 15 vertical columns and outlining the useful and harmful effects of food, hygiene, weather, rest, sleep and insomnia, etc. "Ibn Buṭlān was a Christian physician of Baghdad. In 1049 he left Baghdad to travel to Aleppo, Antioch, Laodicea, Jaffa, Cairo and Constantinople. Toward the end of his life he settled in Antioch, where he became a monk and died in the monastery on 8 Shawwal 458 (2 September 1066). His treatise on hygiene and dietetics, Taqwīm al-sihhah (The Almanac of Health) presented a guide to medical regimen in tabular form. It was probably the most well-known of his treatises, and was later influential in Europe through its Latin translation, Tacuinum sanitatis in medicina." (http://wwwils.nlm.nih.gov/hmd/arabic/bioI.html#butlan) --
This edition is of special interest for the delightful, and sometimes humorous, woodcut vignettes by the celebrated German engraver, Hans Weiditz, at the bottom of most pages of medical tables.--J. Norman, 2006.
Argent[orati] [Strasbourg] : Apud Joannem Schottum, 1532.
Book — , 319 pages, plates : illustrations (woodcuts) ; 30 cm (fol.)
From title page: I. Logicus, de curationibus omnium ferme morborum corporis humani, ad Euporistum
II. De acutis & chronicis passionibus, ad eunde[m]
III. Gynecia, de mulierum accidentibus, & curis eorundem, ad victoriam
IIII. De physica scientia, experimentorum liber, ad Eusebium filium / per Herema[n]num Comitem a Neũenar, integro candori nuper restitutus autor
Albucasis chirurgicorum omniu[m] primarii, lib. tres
I. Cauterio cum igne, & medicinis acutis per singula corporis humani membra. Cum instrumentorum delimatione
II. De sectione & perforatione, phlebotomia, & ventosis. De vulneribus, & extractione sagittarum, & cȩteris similibus. Cum formis instrumentorum
III. De restauratione & curatione dislocationis me[m]brorum. Cum typis item instrumentorum.
The first book treats of external diseases, the second of internal, the third of female diseases, and the fourth of physiology, etc. The author, in his preface, speaks against the learned and worthy disputes held by physicians at the bedside of the patient, and also putting their whole reliance upon foreign remedies in preference to those which were indigenous. This edition is more correct than the Basel one, but not as complete, as the whole of the fourth book is wanting, and also several chapters of the first and second books.
Getruckt zu[m] Augspurg : Bey Heynrich Steyner, im Iar. MDXXXVII .
Book — 2 volumes in 1 : illustrations (woodcuts) ; 27 cm
"Unlike his contemporaries, Paracelsus regarded surgery as no less worthy than medicine, writing on both subjects and signing himself as Doctor beider Arznei (doctor of both medicines). As a surgeon, he treated wounds successfully using conservative methods, in contrast to the common practice of cauterization with boiling oil. He was the first to agree with the fourteenth-century French surgeon Henri de Mondeville that wounds must be kept clean, and Garrison described him as 'almost the only asepsist between Mondeville and Lister.'"(Norman, One Hundred Books Famous in Medicine,  16.) --
Always considered one of the most controversial figures of the Renaissance, Paracelsus has been described as "a quack, a magician, an astrologer, and an alchemist, as well as a brilliant physician, prophet, and genius. Sir William Osler called him the 'Luther of medicine, ' and Fielding Garrison lauded him as 'the most original medical thinker of the sixteenth century.' He was perhaps all of these." --
This is the second edition of Paracelsus' surgery issued one year after the first edition. The numerous woodcut illustrations in Paracelsus' book include those derived from the fifteenth century surgery of Brunschwig and some illustrations that were original for this text.--J. Norman, 2006.