Book — 1 online resource (xxv, 124 pages) : illustrations. Digital: data file.
Research approaches to deployment and retention
Focus group findings: stresses and benefits of deployments
Analysis of survey data: higher-than-usual stress, reenlistment intention, and deployments
The one-third cut in active-duty manpower at the end of the Cold War, from 2.1 million to 1.4 million in uniform, combined with a shift in the national security environment, has today resulted in the need for longer and repeated deployments, especially for the Army and the Marine Corps, and these deployments have posed challenges for active-duty service members and for their families. The authors undertook the preparation of this monograph with the objective of offering insights into the challenges faced by active-duty service members deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, the resiliency they and their families have shown in coping with these challenges, and the adequacy of defense manpower policy in assisting members and families. The monograph draws on the perspectives of economics, sociology, and psychology; provides a formal model of deployment and retention; reviews published work; reports on the results of focus groups conducted in each of the services; and presents findings from an analysis of survey data. The focus groups and survey data relate to the period from 2003 to early 2004. Family separation, long work hours both during and preceding deployments, and uncertainty surrounding deployments were some of the more significant stresses associated with deployments that were reported in focus groups. Furthermore, according to focus-group and survey data, even personnel who did not deploy experienced work stress as a result of long hours supporting deployments. The authors use these findings to suggest ways to improve quality of life for deployed and nondeployed personnel and their families, including improved communication home, more effectively structured deployment pays, and, when possible, greater certainty in the timing and length of the deployment cycle. The findings also underscore the importance of individual and unit preparation prior to deployment and the role of unit cohesion during deployment. The monograph may be of interest to the military services, the Office of the Secretary of Defense, individual service members and their families, members of Congress and their staff, and the media. It may also interest foreign militaries that have converted to a volunteer system and that want to be informed about the personnel strains caused by a high operating tempo.
Book — 1 online resource (xix, 286 pages). Digital: text file; PDF.
Introduction : looking to the past for lessons ... to apply in the future
Evolution of the European system of providing for casualties : Greece, Rome, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance
Evolution of the European system of providing for casualties in the Age of Enlightenment : France and Britain as the antecedents of the American system of care
The American system of providing for the wounded evolves
The Civil War
From the Civil War to the World War
The World War
World War II
Summary : What happened?---What have we learned?---How did we get here?
War has always been a dangerous business, bringing injury, wounds, and death, and -- until recently -- often disease. What has changed over time, most dramatically in the last 150 or so years, is the care these casualties receive and who provides it. Medical services have become highly organized and are state sponsored. Diseases are now prevented through vaccination and good sanitation. Sedation now ameliorates pain, and antibiotics combat infection. Wounds that once meant amputation or death no longer do so. Transfers from the field to more-capable hospitals are now as swift as aircraft can make them. The mental consequences of war are now seen as genuine illnesses and treated accordingly, rather than punished to the extreme. Likewise, treatment of those disabled by war and of veterans generally has changed markedly -- along with who supplies these and other benefits. This book looks at the history of how humanity has cared for its war casualties, from ancient times through the aftermath of World War II. For each historical period, the author examines the care the sick and wounded received in the field and in hospitals, the care given to the disabled veteran and his dependents, and who provided that care and how. He shows how the lessons of history have informed the American experience over time. Finally, the author sums up this history thematically, focusing on changes in the nature and treatment of injuries, organization of services on and off the battlefield, the role of the state in providing care, and the invisible wounds of war.
Book — 1 online resource (viii, 54 pages) : charts. Digital: data file.
1 Front Matter--
2 Executive Summary--
9 Appendix A: Workshop Agenda--
10 Appendix B: Public Law 105-368: The Veterans Program Enhancement Act of 1998, Sec. 103.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Concerns about the health of veterans of recent military conflicts have given rise to broader questions regarding the health consequences of service in any major military engagement. The Veterans Program Enhancement Act of 1998 directed the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to enter into an agreement with the National Academy of Sciences to help develop a plan for establishing' a national center (or centers) for the study of war-related illnesses and postdeployment health issues. In response to this legislation, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene a committee of experts. The charge to the committee was to (1) assist the VA in developing a plan for establishing a national center (or centers) for the study of war-related illnesses and postdeployment health issues, and (2) assess preliminary VA plans and make recommendations regarding such efforts. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
1. Anticholesteremic, anticoagulant, cholesteremic, fibrinolytic, hemoplastic, and vasoactive agents.--2. Cause and cure of hypertension; drugs and the kidney.--3. Cause and cure of heart failure and shock.