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Book
1 online resource (474 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"Two-dimensional materials have had widespread applications in nanoelectronics, catalysis, gas capture, water purification, energy storage and conversion. Initially based around graphene, research has since moved on to looking at alternatives, including transitions metal dichalcogenides, layered topological insulators, metallic mono-chalcogenides, borocarbonitrides and phosphorene. This book provides a review of research in the field of these materials, including investigation into their defects, analysis on hybrid structures focusing on their properties and synthesis, and characterization and applications of 2D materials beyond graphene. It is designed to be a single-point reference for students, teachers and researchers of chemistry and its related subjects, particularly in the field of nanomaterials."--Publisher's website.
Book
x, 613 pages ; 27 cm
For sophomore-level courses in Bioengineering, Biomedical Engineering, and related fields. A unifying, interdisciplinary approach to the fundamentals of bioengineering Now in its 2nd Edition, Bioengineering Fundamentals combines engineering principles with technical rigor and a problem-solving focus, ultimately taking a unifying, interdisciplinary approach to the conservation laws that form the foundation of bioengineering: mass, energy, charge, and momentum. The text emphasizes fundamental concepts, practical skill development, and problem-solving strategies while incorporating a wide array of examples and case studies. This 2nd Edition has been updated and expanded with new and clarified content, plus new homework and example problems.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780134637433 20170703
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
pages ; cm
  • Introduction to Composites. Basic Solid Mechanics. Micromechanics of a Lamina. Macromechancis of a Lamina. Macromechanics of a Laminate. Analysis of Laminated Beams, Columns and Rods. Analytical Solutions for Laminated Plates. Finite Element Method in Laminated Composites. Reinforcements and Matrices for Polymer Matrix Composites. Manufacturing Methods for Polymer Matrix Composites. Testing of Composites and their Constituents. Non-Destructive Testing of Polymer Matrix Composites. Metal Matrix, Ceramic Matrix, Carbon/Carbon Composites. Design of Composite Structures.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781351974929 20171218
The primary objective of this book is to bridge this gap by presenting the concepts in composites in an integrated and balanced manner and expose the reader to the total gamut of activities involved in composite product development. It includes the complete know-how for development of a composite product including its design & analysis, manufacture and characterization, and testing.The book has fourteen chapters that are divided into two parts with part one describing mechanics, analytical methods in composites and basic finite element procedure, and the second part illustratesr materials, manufacturing methods, destructive and non-destructive tests and design.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781351974929 20171218
Book
1 PDF (xiii, 156 pages).
  • AcknowledgmentsIntroductionData Representation by Covariance MatricesGeometry of SPD MatricesKernel Methods on Covariance MatricesData Representation by Covariance OperatorsGeometry of Covariance OperatorsKernel Methods on Covariance OperatorsConclusion and Future OutlookBibliographyAuthors' Biographies.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781681730134 20171218
Covariance matrices play important roles in many areas of mathematics, statistics, and machine learning, as well as their applications. In computer vision and image processing, they give rise to a powerful data representation, namely the covariance descriptor, with numerous practical applications.In this book, we begin by presenting an overview of the {\it finite-dimensional covariance matrix} representation approach of images, along with its statistical interpretation. In particular, we discuss the various distances and divergences that arise from the intrinsic geometrical structures of the set of Symmetric Positive Definite (SPD) matrices, namely Riemannian manifold and convex cone structures. Computationally, we focus on kernel methods on covariance matrices, especially using the Log-Euclidean distance.We then show some of the latest developments in the generalization of the finite-dimensional covariance matrix representation to the {\it infinite-dimensional covariance operator} representation via positive definite kernels. We present the generalization of the affine-invariant Riemannian metric and the Log-Hilbert-Schmidt metric, which generalizes the Log Euclidean distance. Computationally, we focus on kernel methods on covariance operators, especially using the Log-Hilbert-Schmidt distance. Specifically, we present a two-layer kernel machine, using the Log-Hilbert-Schmidt distance and its finite-dimensional approximation, which reduces the computational complexity of the exact formulation while largely preserving its capability. Theoretical analysis shows that, mathematically, the approximate Log-Hilbert-Schmidt distance should be preferred over the approximate Log-Hilbert-Schmidt inner product and, computationally, it should be preferred over the approximate affine-invariant Riemannian distance.Numerical experiments on image classification demonstrate significant improvements of the infinite-dimensional formulation over the finite-dimensional counterpart. Given the numerous applications of covariance matrices in many areas of mathematics, statistics, and machine learning, just to name a few, we expect that the infinite-dimensional covariance operator formulation presented here will have many more applications beyond those in computer vision.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781681730134 20171218
Book
xx, 390 pages : illustrations ; [ca. 23-29] cm.
  • Introduction 1.1 Who should read this book? 1.2 How to use this book? 1.3 Continuous vs. discontinuous deformation 1.4 DDA history 1.5 Three decades of DDA research and development 1.6 DDA vs. FEM and DEM 1.7 Main features of DDA 1.8 Some limitations of the original DDA 1.9 Block discretization 1.10 Higher order displacement function 1.11 Coupling DDA with other numerical methods 1.12 Improved contact algorithms 1.13 Incorporation of viscous damping 1.14 Improved friction law for discontinuities 1.15 Gravity turn on and sequential excavation 1.16 Dynamic wave propagation and blasting 1.17 Masonry structures 1.18 Improved rockbolt element 1.19 Granular materials 1.20 Pore pressure and fluid flow 1.21 Current development of 3-D DDA 2 Theory of the discontinuous deformation analysis (DDA) 2.1 Governing equations and displacement approximation 2.2 Formulation of matrices for each single block 2.3 Interactions between blocks 2.4 Time integration scheme and governing equations for blocky systems 2.5 Simplex integration for 2-D DDA 2.6 Summary 3 Theory of the discontinuous deformation analysis in three dimensions 3.1 Block displacement approximation and global equilibrium equation 3.2 Formulation of matrices for single block 3.3 Interactions among blocks 3.4 Simplex integration for 3D DDA 3.5 Summary 4 Geological input parameters for realistic DDA modeling 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Realistic representation of rock mass structure 4.3 Mechanical input parameters for forward modeling 5 DDA verification 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Single plane sliding 5.3 Double plane sliding 5.4 Block response to cyclic motion of frictional interface 5.5 Dynamic rocking of slender blocks 5.6 Wave propagation phenomena 6 Underground excavations 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Shallow underground excavations 6.3 Deep underground excavations 7 Rock slopes 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Rotational failure modes 7.3 Dynamic rock slope stability analysis 7.4 Rockbolt reinforcement 8 Shi's new contact theory 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Geometric representations of angles and blocks 8.3 Definition of the entrance block 8.4 Basic theorems of entrance block 8.5 Boundaries of the entrance solid angles of 2D solid angles 8.6 Contact vectors of 2D solid angles 8.7 Boundaries of an entrance block of 2D blocks 8.8 Contact edges of 2D blocks 8.9 Boundaries of entrance solid angle of 3D solid angles 8.10 Contact solid angles of 3D solid angles 8.11 Boundaries of entrance block of 3D blocks 8.12 Contact polygons of 3D blocks 8.13 Conclusions.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138027688 20171218
  • Introduction. Theory of DDA. Three Dimensional DDA. Geological Input Parameters for Realistic DDA Modeling. DDA Verification and Validation. DDA in Rock Tunneling Engineering. DDA in Rock Slope Engineering. Current Trends and Future Developments. Appendix: Manual for DDA Programs. Program DDA LINE (DL). Program DDA CUT (DC). Program DDA FORWARD (DF).
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781315687032 20171218
The numerical, discrete element, Discontinuous Deformation Analysis (DDA) method was developed by Dr. Gen-hua Shi while he was working at the University of California, Berkeley, under the supervision of Prof. Richard E. Goodman in the late 1980s. Two-dimensional DDA was published in 1993 and three-dimensional DDA in 2001. Since its publication DDA has been verified, validated and applied in numerous studies worldwide and is now considered a powerful and robust method to address both static and dynamic engineering problems in discontinuous rock masses.In this book Yossef H. Hatzor and Guowei Ma, co-chairs of the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM) Commission on DDA, join Dr. Shi in authoring a monograph that presents the state of the art in DDA research. A comprehensive discussion of DDA development since its publication is provided in Chapter 1, followed by concise reviews of 2D and 3D DDA in chapters 2 and 3. Procedures to select geological and numerical input parameters for DDA are discussed in Chapter 4, and DDA validation and verification is presented in Chapter 5. Applications of DDA in underground and rock slope engineering projects are discussed in chapters 6 and 7. In Chapter 8 the novel contact theory recently developed by Dr. Shi is published in its complete form, for the first time. This book is published within the framework of the ISRM Book Series and is the contribution of the ISRM DDA Commission to the international rock mechanics community.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138027688 20171218
Discontinuous Deformation Analysis (DDA) is a numerical evolving method in rock mechanics practice. While the theory is covered in Shi's book which was published in 1993, the verification, validation, and application of the method have not yet been presented in a concise form to professionals and students of rock mechanics and rock engineering. This book is intended to bridge the gap between the theory of DDA and the way in which it should be applied in rock mechanics practice. As such the book is intended to be a "state of the art" report on DDA practice, useful for students, researchers, and practitioners.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781315687032 20171218
Book
1 online resource.
  • Preface; Contents; Site Investigation Using Engineering Geology Mapping and Geological Hazard Evaluation: Case Study of the New Hail Economic City, Hail Region, KSA; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Study Area; 3 Methodology; 4 Results and Analysis; 4.1 Physical and Engineering Properties of Soil and Rocks; 4.2 Rock Outcrop Properties; 4.3 Geological Engineering Mapping; 4.4 Geological Hazards Evaluation; 5 Conclusion and Recommendation; References; Pre-design Site Investigation for an Oil and Gas Facility in the Marginal Lands of the Nigerian Niger Delta Sub-region; Abstract; 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Project Location and Geologic Settings2 Literature Review; 2.1 Marginal Lands in the Niger Delta; 3 Materials and Methods; 4 Results of Field and Laboratory Investigations; 4.1 Laboratory Investigations and Test Results; 5 Foundation Systems for the Quay Walls; 5.1 Depth of Embedment of the Reinforced Concrete Piles (Df); 5.2 Soil Bearing Pressures; 5.3 Ultimate Carrying Capacities of the Reinforced Concrete Piles at the Project Site; 6 Discussion of Presented Data; 6.1 Relations of Lithological Variations on-Shore Versus off-Shore; 6.2 Strength Distribution with Depth
  • 6.3 Anchors for the Quay Wall Shore Protection System6.4 Bearing Capacities Beneath Tank Positions; [Weight of Oil Tanks When Full]; 6.5 Allowable Bearing Capacities Versus Allowable Computed Settlements; 7 Conclusions; Acknowledgements; References; Geotechnical Properties of Expansive Clay Shale in El-Mahrowsa, Qena, Egypt; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Location and Geological Setting of Study Area; 3 Experimental Work Program; 3.1 Natural Soil; 3.2 Laboratory Tests; 3.3 Chemical Analysis; 3.4 Mineralogical Analysis; 3.5 Geotechnical Soil Tests; 3.6 Swelling Index Tests
  • 3.7 Free Swelling Test3.8 Swelling Potential Test; 3.9 Swelling Pressure Tests; 4 Results and Discussion; 4.1 Effect of Chemistry on the Geotechnical Properties of Studied Clay Samples; 4.2 Soil Classification; 4.2.1 Classification According to Unified Soil Classification System (USCS); 4.2.2 Classification Based on Activity; 4.2.3 Classification Based on Plasticity Index; 4.2.4 Classification Based on Shrinkage Limit and Linear Shrinkage; 4.2.5 Classification Based on Swelling Potential; 4.2.6 Classification Based on Swelling Pressure; 5 Correlation of Index Properties
  • 5.1 Liquid Limit and Plastic Limit5.2 Liquid Limit and Plasticity Index; 5.3 Liquid Limit and Linear Shrinkage; 5.4 Liquid Limit and Swell Potential; 5.5 Liquid Limit and Swelling Pressure; 5.6 Swelling Pressure and Plasticity Index; 5.7 Swell Potential and Plasticity Index; 5.8 Swelling Pressure vs. Swell Potential; 6 Validation of Developed Relationship; 6.1 Swell Potential Equations; 6.2 Swelling Pressure Equations; 7 Conclusions; Acknowledgements; References
Book
1 online resource : illustrations (some color.)
Book
1 online resource.
  • Part 1 Introduction 1. Coatings market research and demands 2. Microbes and anti-microbial coatings Part 2: Synthesis of the Anti-microbial Coatings 3. N-halamine based antimicrobial coatings 4. Cationic antimicrobial polymeric coatings 5. Coating antibacterial nanoparticles on surface 6. Antimicrobial thin coatings by advanced laser processing 7. Lactoperoxidase system: Natural antimicrobials 8. Antimicrobial peptide coatings 9. Metamaterials coatings with biopolymers, bioglasses and antibiotics Part 3: Testing and Performance Evaluation 10. Edible coating and combined treatments to assure food safety 11.-14. (awaiting final confirmation from contributors) Part 4: Characterization 15. Different biological methods of characterization of antimicrobial coatings 16. Spectroscopic methods for the characterization of antimicrobial coatings 17. Microscopic methods for the characterization of antimicrobial coatings Part 5 industrial and Social Applications 18. Metal pigments as antimicrobial agents in a coating 19. Antimicrobial and Antifungal Treatments for Military Applications 20. Antimicrobial coatings for medical devices 21. Metallic coatings on fabrics for antimicrobial purposes 22. Antimicrobial coating for wood products 23. awaiting confirmation from contributor for paper title Part 6: Future Trends 24. Coating technologies for antimicrobial textile surfaces - State of the art and future prospects for textile finishing 25. Promising antimicrobial properties of silicon-based thin-film coatings 26. Chitosan based structures/coatings with antibacterial properties 27. Formation of antimicrobial paper coated with flavor encapsulated powder by spray drying 28. Future of natural antimicrobial materials in food packaging 29. Metal nanoparticles-incorporated TiO2 nanotube layers for the treatment of peri-implant infections.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128119822 20171204
Handbook of Antimicrobial Coatings is the first comprehensive work on the developments being made in the emerging field of antimicrobial coatings. Crucial aspects associated with coating research are presented in the form of individual chapters. Particular close attention has been given to essential aspects necessary to understand the properties of novel materials. The book introduces the reader to progress being made in the field, followed by an outline of applications in different areas. Various methods and techniques of synthesis and characterization are detailed as individual chapters. Chapters provide insight into the ongoing research, current trends and technical challenges in this rapidly progressing field. The covered topics were chosen so that they can be easily understood by new scholars as well as advanced learners. No book has been written on this topic thus far with so much crucial information for materials scientists, engineers and technologists.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128119822 20171204
Book
pages ; cm
  • Preface John Dudley Introduction Azzedine Boudrioua Part One: History Guiding the Future, example of Ibn al Haytham Chapter One: Ibn al Haytham's Scientific Program Roshdi Rashed Chapter Two: Science, Philosophy and religion during the 10th century Josef Van Ess Chapter Three: From the Reasons of Light to the Lights of Reason: Remarks on the Nine Centuries Distant Ibn al Haytham's and Albert Einstein's Respective Approaches of Light as Conceived Physically Michel Paty Chapter Four: Translation and Studies of Ibn al Haytham's Optics in Latin Paul Pietquin Chapter Five: Ibn Al-Haytham: The Founder of Scientific Pluralism Hassan Tahiri (Portugal) Chapter Six: The Famous Problem of Ibn al Haytham Pierre Coullet Chapter Seven: Ibn Al-Haytham: Founder of Physiological Optics? Vasudevan Lakshminarayanan Chapter Eight: Al Haytham's Influence on the Optics and Culture of Medieval Europe Charles Falco Part Two: Light-based technologies for the future Chapter Nine: Photonic Technology: Recent Developments and Challenges of the 21st Century Azzedine Boudrioua Chapter Ten: Ibn al Haytham's: From Basra, Earth to the Gale Crater, Mars Noureddine Melikechi Chapter Eleven: Modern electron optics and the search for more light: the legacy of Ibn al-Haytham Mohamed El-Gomati Chapter Twelve: Atomic-scale time with new light sources Majed Chergui Chapter Thirteen: The relevance of LED lighting for sustainable development Harry Verhaar Chapter Fourteen: Medieval Arab Achievements in Optics Sameen Ahmed Khan Part Three: Optics and Photonics in the Arab and Islamic world, Education and Investment in Light Sciences and Technology Chapter Fifteen: Need to Create International Science Centres in Arab Countries" Azher Majid Siddiqui and Sameen Ahmed Khan Chapter Sixteen: The First Synchrotron Light-Source in the Middle-East and Neighbouring Regions Gihan Kamel Chapter Seventeen: Scientific Translation: A Tool from Shadow to Light AbdulAziz Alswailem Chapter Eighteen: Optics and Photonics Research in Lebanon: Key figures, Ways Forward Marie Abboud Conclusion ã ã ã .
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498779401 20171218
This book discusses light-based science, emphasizing its pervasive influence in science, technology, policy, and education. A wide range of contributors offers a comprehensive study of the tremendous, and indeed foundational, contributions of Ibn al Haytham, a scholar from the medieval period. The analysis then moves into the future development of light-based technology. Written as a multi-disciplinary reference book by leading scholars inã the history of science and /or photonics, it covers Ibn al Haytham's optics, LED lighting for sustainable development, global and atomic-scale time with new light sources, advanced technology, and vision science. Cutting-edge optical technologies and their global impact is addressed in detail, and the later chapters also explore challenges with renewable energy, the global impact of photonics, and optical and photonic education technology. Practical examples and illustrations are provided throughout the text.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498779401 20171218
Book
xxiv, 1159 pages : color illustrations ; 27 cm
Give students a rigorous, complete, and integrated treatment of the mechanics of materials -- an essential subject in mechanical, civil, and structural engineering. This leading text, Goodno/Gere's MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 9E, examines the analysis and design of structural members subjected to tension, compression, torsion, and bending -- laying the foundation for further study.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781337093347 20170227
Engineering Library (Terman)
ME-80-01
Book
1 online resource (277 p.) : ill.
"This book is aimed primarily towards physicists and mechanical engineers specializing in modeling, analysis, and control of discontinuous systems with friction and impacts. It fills a gap in the existing literature by offering an original contribution to the field of discontinuous mechanical systems based on mathematical and numerical modeling as well as the control of such systems. Each chapter provides the reader with both the theoretical background and results of verified and useful computations, including solutions of the problems of modeling and application of friction laws in numerical computations, results from finding and analyzing impact solutions, the analysis and control of dynamical systems with discontinuities, etc. The contents offer a smooth correspondence between science and engineering and will allow the reader to discover new ideas. Also emphasized is the unity of diverse branches of physics and mathematics towards understanding complex piecewise-smooth dynamical systems. Mathematical models presented will be important in numerical experiments, experimental measurements, and optimization problems found in applied mechanics."--Publisher's website.
Book
1 online resource.
  • 1. Structure Prediction of Microporous Materials 2. Molecular Dynamics of Hydrocarbons in Zeolites: Historical Perspective and Current Developments 3. Modeling of Diffusion in MOFs 4. Molecular Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Adsorption in Metal-Organic Frameworks 5. Theory of Zeolite Catalysis: An Introductory Account 6. Entropy Contributions to Transition State Modeling 7. Lewis Acid Catalysis by Zeolites 8. Modeling Hydrocarbon Oxidation Mechanisms Catalyzed by Microporous Materials 9. Ab Initio Modeling of Hydrogen Bond Interaction at Silica Surfaces With Focus on Silica/Drugs Systems.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128050576 20180115
Modelling and Simulation in the Science of Micro- and Meso-Porous Materials addresses significant developments in the field of micro- and meso-porous science. The book includes sections on Structure Modeling and Prediction, Synthesis, Nucleation and Growth, Sorption and Separation processes, Reactivity and Catalysis, and Fundamental Developments in Methodology to give a complete overview of the techniques currently utilized in this rapidly advancing field. It thoroughly addresses the major challenges in the field of microporous materials, including the crystallization mechanism of porous materials and rational synthesis of porous materials with controllable porous structures and compositions. New applications in emerging areas are also covered, including biomass conversion, C1 chemistry, and CO2 capture.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128050576 20180115
Book
pages ; cm
  • Chapter 1. Introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology Introduction Nanotechnology in Past Nanotechnology in 21st century Classification of Nanomaterials Size effect on grain boundaries References Chapter 2. Length scale and calculations Size effect on surface area of cubical particles Size effect on surface atoms of cubical particles Size effect on surface atoms of spherical particles References ã Chapter 3. Effect of particles sizes on properties of nanomaterials Thermal properties Electrical Properties Lattice constant Phase transformation Mechanical properties Magnetic properties Optical properties Wear and oxidation resistance Chemical sensitivity Dielectric constant References Chapter 4. What have we learn from the ancient history and nature? Nanotechnology of Nature Nanotechnology in ancient history? Nanotechnology in past References ã Chapter 5. Synthesis of nanomaterials Top-down approaches Bottom-up approaches References Chapter 6. Synthesis, properties and applications of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) Introduction Synthesis of CNTs Structures and Properties of CNTs Applications of CNTs References ã Chapter 7 Synthesis, Properties and Applications of nanowires Vapour liquid solid (VLS) Method Template Method Properties of nanowires Applications of nanowires References Chapter 8. Graphene Introduction Synthesis of Graphene Properties of Graphene Applications of Graphene References Chapter 9. Magnetic Materials Introduction Hysteresis M-H loop Surface modification of magnetic nanoparticles Applications of Magnetic Nanoparticles References ã ã Chapter 10. Processing, properties and applications of polymer nanocomposites Introduction Polymer/clay nanocomposites Polymer/CNT nanocomposites Polymer/Boron nitride nanocomposites Polymer/Barium titanate nanocomposites References Chapter 11 Polymeric Nanofibers Synthesis of polymeric nanofibers Parameter affecting diameter of nanofibers Properties of nanofibers Applications References Chapter 12 Characterization of nanomaterials X-ray diffraction Optical spectroscopy Surface Area Analysis (BET) Light scattering method Electron microscopes Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM) X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) Thermal Analyzer Zeta (ζ) Potential References Chapter 13 Corrosion behaviour and oxidation resistance of nanomaterials Introduction Corrosion resistance of nanocrystalline Metals Corrosion resistance of Nanocomposites coating References Chapter 14 Applications of nanomaterials Nanofluids Hydrogen storage Solar energy Antibacterial Coating Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) Single Electron Transistor Construction Industry Self-cleaning coatings Nano- textiles Biomedical field Nanopore filters Water treatment Nanodiamond Automotive sector Catalysts References ã ã Chapter 15 Risks, toxicity and challenges of nanomaterials Introduction to nanoparticle toxicity Risks from metallic nanoparticle Risks from oxide nanoparticle Challenges References.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498761673 20171218
The main aims of this book are to summarize the fundamentals, synthesis methods, properties and applications of nanomaterials, so as to provide readers with a systematic knowledge on nanomaterials. In addition, the book covers most commonly used characterization tools pertaining to nanomaterials. Further, it deals with relevant aspects of nanocomposites which contains dispersion of nano-sized particulates, and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in the matrices (polymer, metal and ceramic). It also discusses development of smart nano textiles (intelligent textiles), self-cleaning glass, sensors, actuators, ferro-fluids, and wear resistant nano coatings. Aimed at senior undergraduate and graduate students, the key features on this book include: Top-down and bottom-up approaches for the synthesis of nanomaterials included Illustrates sample preparation and basic principle of characterization tools for nanomaterials Explains calculation of ratios of surface area to volume and surface atoms to bulk atoms Reviews synthesis, properties and applications of carbon nanotubes and magnetic nanomaterials Discusses size effect on thermal, mechanical, optical, magnetic and electrical properties.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498761673 20171218
Book
1 online resource.
  • ""Front Cover""; ""Nanopapers""; ""Nanopapers: From Nanochemistry and Nanomanufacturingto Advanced Applications""; ""Copyright""; ""Contents""; ""List of Contributors""; ""Preface""; ""1
  • Graphene Oxide Nanopapers""; ""1. INTRODUCTION""; ""2. CHEMISTRY AND FABRICATION OF GRAPHENE OXIDE NANOPAPERS""; ""2.1 Synthesis and structure of graphite oxide""; ""2.1.1 Chemistry of graphite oxide""; ""2.1.1.1 Brodie method""; ""2.1.1.2 Staudenmaier method""; ""2.1.1.3 Hummers method""; ""2.1.1.4 Tour method""; ""2.1.2 Structure of graphite oxide""
  • ""2.2 Preparation of graphene oxide colloidal suspensions""""2.3 Fabrication, structure, and properties of graphene oxide nanopapers""; ""3. CROSSLINKED GRAPHENE OXIDE NANOPAPERS""; ""3.1 Divalent ion-induced crosslinking in graphene oxide nanopapers""; ""3.2 Borate-crosslinked graphene oxide nanopapers""; ""3.3 Crosslinked graphene oxide nanopapers induced by glutaraldehyde""; ""3.4 Crosslinked graphene oxide nanopapers induced by polydopamine and polyetherimine""; ""4. FUNCTIONAL GRAPHENE OXIDE NANOPAPERS FOR ADVANCED APPLICATIONS""
  • ""4.1 Reduced graphene oxide nanopapers for electrode materials""""4.2 Sulfonated graphene oxide nanopaper for electrolyte of fuel cells""; ""4.3 Graphene oxide nanopapers for biomedical applications""; ""4.4 Ti ion implantation on graphene oxide nanopapers""; ""5. CONCLUDING REMARKS AND PERSPECTIVES""; ""REFERENCES""; ""2
  • Graphene Nanopapers""; ""1. INTRODUCTION""; ""2. PRODUCTION OF GRAPHENES""; ""2.1 Bottom-up approaches""; ""2.1.1 Epitaxial growth by sublimation""; ""2.1.2 Chemical vapor deposition""; ""2.1.3 Bottom-up synthesis of polyaromatic hydrocarbons""
  • ""2.2 Top-down approaches""""2.2.1 Mechanical exfoliation of graphite""; ""2.2.2 Liquid phase exfoliation of graphite""; ""2.2.3 Graphene from electrochemical exfoliation of graphite""; ""2.2.4 Production of graphene from graphite via chemical routes""; ""3. GRAPHENE COLLOIDAL SUSPENSION""; ""3.1 Graphene colloidal suspension stabilized by electrostatic repulsion""; ""3.2 Colloidal suspension of functional graphenes""; ""4. FABRICATION OF GRAPHENE NANOPAPERS""; ""4.1 Membrane filtration""; ""4.2 Layer-by-layer self-assembly""; ""4.3 Tape casting""
  • ""5. UNIQUE PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF GRAPHENE NANOPAPERS""""5.1 Mechanical properties""; ""5.2 Electrical properties""; ""5.3 Electromagnetic interference shielding performance""; ""5.4 Biocompatibility""; ""6. CARBIDE-BONDED GRAPHENE NANOPAPER/NANOCOATING""; ""6.1 Unique process for creating Crosslinked graphene networks""; ""6.2 Unique properties of carbide-bonded graphene networks""; ""6.3 Applications of carbide-bonded graphene networks""; ""7. CONCLUDING REMARKS AND PERSPECTIVES""; ""REFERENCES""; ""3
  • Clay Nanopapers""; ""1. INTRODUCTION""
Nanopapers: From Nanochemistry and Nanomanufacturing to Advanced Applications gives a comprehensive overview of the emerging technology of nanopapers. Exploring the latest developments on nanopapers in nanomaterials chemistry and nanomanufacturing technologies, this book outlines the unique properties of nanopapers and their advanced applications. Nanopapers are thin sheets or films made of nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoclays, cellulose nanofibrils, and graphene nanoplatelets. Noticeably, nanopapers allow highly concentrated nanoparticles to be tightly packed in a thin film to reach unique properties such as very high electrical and thermal conductivities, very low diffusivity, and strong corrosion resistance that are shared by conventional polymer nanocomposites. This book presents a concise introduction to nanopapers, covering concepts, terminology and applications. It outlines both current applications and future possibilities, and will be of great use to nanochemistry and nanomanufacturing researchers and engineers who want to learn more about how nanopapers can be applied.
Book
1 online resource.
The Planning Guide to Piping Design, Second Edition, covers the entire process of managing and executing project piping designs, from conceptual to mechanical completion, also explaining what roles and responsibilities are required of the piping lead during the process. The book explains proven piping design methods in step-by-step processes that cover the increasing use of new technologies and software. Extended coverage is provided for the piping lead to manage piping design activities, which include supervising, planning, scheduling, evaluating manpower, monitoring progress and communicating the piping design. With newly revised chapters and the addition of a chapter on CAD software, the book provides the mentorship for piping leads, engineers and designers to grasp the requirements of piping supervision in the modern age.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Preface xiii 1 Polypropylene (PP)-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites: State-of-the-Art, New Challenges and Opportunities 1Visakh. P. M 1.1 Polypropylene (PP)/Cellulose-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 1 1.2 Polypropylene (PP)/Starch-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 3 1.3 Polypropylene (PP)/Polylactic Acid-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 5 1.4 Polypropylene (PP)-Based Hybrid Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 6 1.5 Biodegradation and Flame Retardancy of Polypropylene-Based Composites and Nanocomposites 7 1.6 Polypropylene Single-Polymer Composites 9 1.7 Polypropylene/Plant-Based Fiber Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 10 1.8 Polypropylene Composite with Oil Palm Fibers: Method Development, Properties and Application 12 1.9 Interfacial Modification of Polypropylene-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 13 References 14 2 Polypropylene (PP)/Cellulose-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 23Md. Minhaz-Ul Haque 2.1 Introduction 23 2.2 PP/Cellulose-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 24 2.3 Conclusion 46 References 47 3 Polypropylene (PP)/Starch-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 55Saviour A. Umoren and Moses M. Solomon 3.1 Introduction 55 3.2 PP/Starch Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 57 3.3 Conclusion 79 References 79 4 Polypropylene (PP)/Polylactic Acid-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 85Xin Wang 4.1 Introduction 85 4.2 PP/PLA-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 87 4.3 Conclusion 107 References 108 5 Polypropylene (PP)-Based Hybrid Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 113Svetlana Butylina 5.1 Introduction 113 5.2 Polypropylene-Based Hybrid Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 116 5.3 Conclusion 141 References 141 6 Biodegradation and Flame Retardancy of Polypropylene-Based Composites and Nanocomposites 145S. Butylina and I. Turku 6.1 Biodegradability of PP-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 146 6.2 Flame Retardancy of Polypropylene-Based Composites and Nanocomposites 154 6.3 Conclusions 171 References 171 7 Polypropylene Single-Polymer Composites 177Jian Wang 7.1 Introduction 177 7.2 Preparation Principles for PP SPCs 180 7.3 Processing Methods and Properties of PP SPCs 187 7.4 Applications 235 7.5 Summary 239 Acknowledgments 242 References 242 8 Polypropylene/Plant-Based Fiber Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 247Amir Ghasemi, Ehsan Pesaran Haji Abbas, Leila Farhang and Reza Bagheri 8.1 Introduction 247 8.2 Types of Natural Fibers 248 8.3 Processing of PP/Plant-Based Fiber Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 252 8.4 Characterization and Properties of Plant-Based Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 256 8.5 Applications of Plant-Based Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 267 8.6 Future Perspectives and the Global Market 274 8.7 Conclusion 275 References 276 9 Polypropylene Composite with Oil Palm Fibers: Method Development, Properties and Applications 287Muhammad Shahid Nazir, Mohd Azmuddin Abdullah and Muhammad Rafi Raza 9.1 Introduction 288 9.2 Method Development 289 9.3 Composite Properties 301 9.4 Applications 305 9.5 The Way Forward 309 References 310 10 Interfacial Modification of Polypropylene-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 315Yekta Karaduman and Nesrin Sahbaz Karaduman 10.1 Introduction 316 10.2 Natural Fibers 317 10.3 Fiber-Matrix Interface 320 10.4 Interfacial Modification of PP-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites 327 10.5 Conclusions and Future Trends 342 References 343 Index 000.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119283614 20180115
This book discusses new developments in an up-to-date, coherent and objective set of chapters by eminent researchers in the area of polypropylene-based biocomposites and bionanocomposites. It covers, biomaterials such as cellulose, chitin, starch, soy protein, hemicelluloses, polylactic acid and polyhydroxyalkanoates. Other important topics such as hybrid biocomposites and bionanocomposites of polypropylene, biodegradation study of polypropylene-based biocomposites and bionanocomposites, polypropylene-based bionanocomposites for packaging applications, polypropylene-based carbon nanomaterials reinforced nanocomposites, degradation and flame retardency of polypropylene-based composites and nanocomposites, are covered as well.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119283614 20180115
Book
1 PDF (ix, 125 pages).
  • 1. Topic S-1
  • 1.1 Determination of the reaction forces of supports for rigid body
  • 1.2 Sample problem
  • 1.3 Solution
  • 2. Topic S-2
  • 2.1 Application of the method of joints to find unknown forces in a plane (2D) truss structure
  • 2.2 Sample problem
  • 2.3 Solution
  • 2.3.1 Determining reaction forces by analytical method
  • 2.3.2 Determining the forces in the truss members
  • 3. Topic S-3
  • 3.1 Determination of reaction forces of supports for composite stud
  • 3.2 Sample problem
  • 3.3 Solution
  • 4. Topic S-4
  • 4.1 Determination of reaction forces of supports for composite construction (System of two bodies)
  • 4.2 Sample problem
  • 4.3 Solution
  • 5. Topic S-5
  • 5.1 Determination of reaction forces of supports for composite construction (System of three bodies)
  • 5.2 Sample problem
  • 5.3 Solution
  • 6. Topic S-6
  • 6.1 Determination of reaction forces of rods supporting rectangular plate
  • 6.2 Sample problem
  • 6.3 Solution
  • 7. Topic S-7
  • 7.1 Determination of center of gravity
  • 7.2 Sample problem
  • 7.3 Solution
  • Author biography.
Engineering mechanics is one of the fundamental branches of science that is important in the education of professional engineers of any major. Most of the basic engineering courses, such as mechanics of materials, fluid and gas mechanics, machine design, mechatronics, acoustics, vibrations, etc. are based on engineering mechanics courses. In order to absorb the materials of engineering mechanics, it is not enough to consume just theoretical laws and theorems--a student also must develop an ability to solve practical problems. Therefore, it is necessary to solve many problems independently. This book is a part of a four-book series designed to supplement the engineering mechanics courses. This series instructs and applies the principles required to solve practical engineering problems in the following branches of mechanics: statics, kinematics, dynamics, and advanced kinetics. Each book contains between 6 and 8 topics on its specific branch and each topic features 30 problems to be assigned as homework, tests, and/or midterm/ final exams with the consent of the instructor. A solution of one similar sample problem from each topic is provided. This first book contains seven topics of statics, the branch of mechanics concerned with the analysis of forces acting on construction systems without an acceleration (a state of the static equilibrium). The book targets the undergraduate students of the sophomore/junior level majoring in science and engineering.
Book
1 online resource (560 p.)
  • Cover; Title Page; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgments; Chapter 1 Introduction; 1.1 Wave-Particle Duality; 1.2 Uncertainty Principle; 1.3 Schrödinger Equation; 1.4 Particle in a Potential Box; 1.5 Fermi-Dirac Distribution and Fermi Energy; 1.6 Density of States; 1.7 Quantum Confinement; 1.8 Top-Down and Bottom-Up Approaches to Construct Nanostructures; 1.9 Nanostructured Materials Based on Dimension; 1.10 Zero-Dimensional Nanostructures; 1.11 One-Dimensional Nanostructures; 1.12 Two-Dimensional Nanostructures
  • 1.13 Three-Dimensional Nanostructures: Superstructures and Hybrid StructuresReferences; Chapter 2 Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications of Zero-Dimensional (0D) Nanostructures; 2.1 General Remarks; 2.2 Synthesis, Characterization, and Bioapplication of Metal Ag Nanoparticles; 2.2.1 Synthesis of GSH-Coated Ag NPs; 2.2.2 Ag NPs Modification; 2.2.2.1 Ag NPs and BSA Binding; 2.2.2.2 SDS-PAGE of Ag NPs and BSA Binding; 2.2.3 Cell Culture and Treatment; 2.2.4 MTT (Thiazolyl Blue) Assay; 2.2.5 Fluorescence Observation of K562 Cells Stained by Hoechst 33258; 2.2.6 Flow Cytometer Measurement
  • 2.2.7 Characterization2.2.8 Structure; 2.2.8.1 Microstructure of Ag NPs; 2.2.8.2 Binding of Ag NPs and BSA; 2.2.9 Anticancer Activities of Ag NPs; 2.3 Synthesis, Characterization, and Optical Properties of Oxide Nanoparticles; 2.3.1 SnO2 Nanoparticles; 2.3.1.1 Synthesis; 2.3.1.2 Characterization; 2.3.1.3 Photocatalytic Activity Test; 2.3.1.4 Structure; 2.3.2 ZrO2 Nanoparticles; 2.3.2.1 Synthesis; 2.3.2.2 Characterization; 2.3.2.3 Photocatalytic Activity Test; 2.3.2.4 Structure; 2.3.2.5 Optical Properties of ZrO2 Nanoparticles; 2.3.2.6 Photocatalytic Properties; 2.3.3 In2O3 Hollow Nanocrystals
  • 2.3.3.1 Synthesis2.3.3.2 Characterization; 2.3.3.3 Photocatalytic Activity Test; 2.3.3.4 Structure; 2.3.3.5 Growth Mechanism of the rh-In2O3 Hollow Nanocrystals; 2.3.3.6 Photocatalytic Activity of the rh-In2O3 Hollow Nanocrystals; 2.3.4 Fe2O3 Nanoparticles; 2.3.4.1 Synthesis; 2.3.4.2 Characterization; 2.3.4.3 Measurement of Magnetic Properties; 2.3.4.4 Structure; 2.3.4.5 Magnetic Properties; 2.4 Synthesis, Characterization, and Optical Properties of Sulfide Nanoparticles; 2.4.1 CdS Nanoparticles; 2.4.1.1 Synthesis; 2.4.1.2 Characterization; 2.4.1.3 Structure; 2.4.1.4 Growth Mechanism
  • 2.4.1.5 Photoluminescence Properties2.4.2 ZnS Nanoparticles and Microspheres; 2.4.2.1 Synthesis of ZnS Nanoparticles and Microspheres; 2.4.2.2 Characterization; 2.4.2.3 Structure; 2.4.2.4 Optical Properties; 2.4.3 Ag2S Nanospheres; 2.4.3.1 Synthesis; 2.4.3.2 Characterization; 2.4.3.3 Structure; 2.4.3.4 Optical Properties of Ag2S Nanospheres; 2.4.3.5 Growth Mechanism; 2.5 Synthesis, Characterization, and Magnetic Properties of Oxide Nanocubes; 2.5.1 Fe2O3 Nanocubes; 2.5.1.1 Synthesis; 2.5.1.2 Characterization; 2.5.1.3 Structure; 2.5.1.4 Magnetic Properties; 2.5.2 Fe3O4 Nanocubes
Authored by a leading figure in the field, this book systematically describes all the fundamental aspects and applications of inorganic nanostructures from zero to three dimensions. It not only discusses various synthesis technologies, but also covers the physical properties of inorganic nanostructures, such as optical, electric and magnetic properties, and practical applications such as energy storage (including Li-ion and Ni-MH batteries and supercapacitors), superhydrophobic and bio-applications, etc. The focus throughout is on the synthesis-structure-application relationships, including the growth mechanisms for the nanostrucutres. Concise yet comprehensive, this is indispensable reading for chemists and materials scientists.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527698165 20171009
Book
1 online resource.
  • I. LOW-ENERGY ELECTRON EXCITATIONS IN GRAPHENE 1. Dirac equation for chiral fermions 2 Tight binding scheme 3. Berry phase and topological singularity in graphene 4. Klein paradox and chiral tunnelling II. THERMAL TRANSPORT OF CHARGE CARRIERS 1. Components of the heat transport 2. Modelling of heat transport of charge carriers in graphene and carbon nanotube devices 3. Quantum confined Stark effect 4. PT-invariance the Dirac Hamiltonian 5. Heavy chiral fermions at zigzag edges of graphene stripe III. PHONON TRANSPORT AND HEAT CONDUCTIVITY 1. Phonon modes in the two-dimensional graphene 2. Phonon spectra in graphene, and graphene nanoribbons 3. The phonon transport in two-dimensional crystals 4. Momentum diagram of phonon transport in graphene 5. Thermal conductivity due to phonons in graphene nanoribbons IV. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE THERMAL TRANSPORT 1. Raman scattering 2. Role of the degrees of freedom 3. Molecular vibrations and infrared radiation 4. Various processes of light scattering 5. Stokes and anti-Stokes scattering 6. Raman scattering versus fluorescence 7. Selection rules for Raman scattering 8. Raman amplification and Stimulated Raman scattering 9. A requirement of the coherence 10. Practical applications 11. Higher-order Raman spectra 12. Raman spectroscopy of graphene 13. Kohn anomalies, double resonance, and D and G peaks 14. Deriving the electron-phonon coupling from Raman line width 15. Raman spectroscopy of graphene and graphene layers 16. Failure the adiabatic Born-Oppenheimer approximation and the Raman spectrum of doped graphene 17. Influence of the atomic and structural disorders 18. Graphene ribbons and edges V. ROLE OF STRUCTURAL DEFECTS AND IMPERFECTIONS 1. Pseudospin conservation during the scattering of chiral fermions 2. Phonon drag effect 3. Screening by interacting electrons 4. Plasma oscillations 5. Plasma excitations in graphene 6. Electron-impurity scattering time in graphene 7. Scattering of phonons in a few-layer graphene VI. MANY BODY EFFECTS IN GRAPHENE 1. Electron-electron interaction 2. Electron self-energy effects 3. Quasi-particle excitations 4. Numeric results 5. Excitons in graphene and in the other atomic monolayers 6. Wannier-Mott excitons 7. Excitonic states 8. Experimental observation of excitons in graphene and in the other atomic monolayers 9. Electron scattering on indirect excitons 10. Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid 11. Probing of intrinsic state of one-dimensional quantum well with a photon-assisted tunneling 12. The TLL tunneling density of states of a long quantum well 13. Identifying the charge and the spin boson energy levels 14. Useful relationships IX. THERMOELECTRIC DEVICES BASED ON GRAPHENE AND OTHER ATOMIC MONOLAYERS 1. Thermoelectric phenomena on nanoscale 2. Performance and efficiency of the thermoelectric device 3. Quantum theory of electronic thermal transport 4. Electron transport and elastic collisions 5. Reversible Peltier effect in carbon nano-junctions 6. Thermoelectric figure of merit and Fourier law 7. Phonon Transport and Thermal Conductivity 8. Recent experiments for measuring the thermal conductivity of graphene 9. Microscopic model of the thermoelectric effect 10. Converting the heat into electricity by a graphene stripe with heavy chiral fermions 11. Blocking the phonon flow by multilayered electrodes 12. Molecular dynamics simulations 13. Non-equilibrium thermal injection 16. Perspectives of Thermoelectric Research for Graphene XI. OTHER ATOMIC MONOLAYERS 1. Heat transport in atomic monolayers 2. A few-layered materials 3. Electric transport in nanodevices 4. Electronic transport versus scattering mechanisms 5. TMDC thermoelectric devices 6. Perspectives of the TMDC transducers 7. Vibrational and optical properties of TMDCs 8. The future thermolectric applications of 2D materials.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780323443975 20170814
Thermoelectricity and Heat Transport in Graphene and Other 2D Nanomaterials describes thermoelectric phenomena and thermal transport in graphene and other 2-dimentional nanomaterials and devices. Graphene, which is an example of an atomic monolayered material, has become the most important growth area in materials science research, stimulating an interest in other atomic monolayeric materials. The book analyses flow management, measurement of the local temperature at the nanoscale level and thermoelectric transducers, with reference to both graphene and other 2D nanomaterials. The book covers in detail the mechanisms of thermoelectricity, thermal transport, interface phenomena, quantum dots, non-equilibrium states, scattering and dissipation, as well as coherent transport in low-dimensional junctions in graphene and its allotropes, transition metal dichalcogenides and boron nitride. This book aims to show readers how to improve thermoelectric transducer efficiency in graphene and other nanomaterials. The book describes basic ingredients of such activity, allowing readers to gain a greater understanding of fundamental issues related to the heat transport and the thermoelectric phenomena of nanomaterials. It contains a thorough analysis and comparison between theory and experiments, complemented with a variety of practical examples.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780323443975 20170814
Book
xvii, 212 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm
  • 21st Century Imperatives.- Thinking Different.- Disciplinary Convergence.- Disruptive Collaboration.- From Models to Stories.- Generating Novel Options.- Human Performance Enhancement.- Design Elegance and Systems Engineering.- Affordable Resilience.- Autonomous System-Of-Systems.- Looking To The Future.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319621838 20180122
This book explores the ways that disciplinary convergence and technological advance are transforming systems engineering to address gaps in complex systems engineering: Transdisciplinary Systems Engineering (TSE). TSE reaches beyond traditional disciplines to find connections-and this book examines a range of new methods from across such disparate areas of scholarship as computer science, social science, human studies, and systems design to reveal patterns, efficiencies, affordances, and pathways to intuitive design. Organized to serve multiple constituencies, the book stands as an ideal textbook supplement for graduate courses in systems engineering, a reference text for program managers and practicing engineers in all industries, and a primary source for researchers engaged in multidisciplinary research in systems engineering and design.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319621838 20180122
Engineering Library (Terman)