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Book
1 online resource (xi, 260 pages) : illustrations.
  • Preface ix 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Life Sciences - A Definition 1 1.1.1 A Short Definition of Life 1 1.1.2 What Is Life Sciences? 2 1.2 Automation - A Definition 4 1.3 History of Automation 5 1.3.1 Automation from the Beginnings to the Nineteenth Century 5 1.3.2 Automation Since the Nineteenth Century 10 1.3.3 History of Laboratory Automation 12 1.4 Impact of Automation 15 1.4.1 Advantages and Disadvantages of Automation 15 1.4.2 Social Impact of Automation 16 1.4.3 Limitation of Automation 17 References 18 2 Automation in Life Sciences - A Critical Review 25 2.1 Overview 25 2.2 Definitions and Basics 26 2.3 Automation in Bioscreening 28 2.3.1 Overview 28 2.3.2 Automation Devices in Biological Screening 31 2.3.3 Application Examples 40 2.4 Automation in Chemical Sciences 43 2.4.1 Overview 43 2.4.2 Automation Devices for Combinatorial Chemistry 45 2.5 Automation in Analytical Measurement Applications 51 2.5.1 Overview 51 2.5.2 Process Analytical Technology 52 2.5.3 Automation Systems for Analytical Measurement Applications 54 2.6 Requirements for Automating Analytical Processes 56 2.6.1 Bioscreening vs. Analytical Measurement 56 2.6.2 Automation Requirements 58 References 61 3 Automation Concepts for Life Sciences 73 3.1 Classification of Automation Systems 73 3.2 Classification Concept for Life Science Processes 75 3.3 Robot Based Automation Systems 78 3.3.1 Robot Based Systems in Industrial Automation 78 3.3.2 Robot-Based Automation Systems in Life Sciences 79 3.3.3 Summary and Application of Concepts 81 3.4 Degree of Automation 83 3.5 Statistical Evaluations 86 References 89 4 Automation Systems with Central System Integrator 93 4.1 Centralized Closed Automation System 93 4.1.1 Background and Applicative Scope 93 4.1.2 Automation Goals 98 4.1.3 System Design 99 4.1.4 Process Description 102 4.1.5 Control of the Automation Process 103 4.1.6 Evaluation of the Automation System 104 4.2 Centralized Open Automation System 109 4.2.1 Background and Applicative Scope 109 4.2.2 Automation Goals 114 4.2.3 System Design 116 4.2.4 Process Description 121 4.2.5 Control of the Automation Process 124 4.2.6 Evaluation of the Automation System 126 4.3 Decentralized Closed Automation System 130 4.3.1 Background and Applicative Scope 131 4.3.2 Automation Goals 132 4.3.3 System Design 134 4.3.4 Process Description 135 4.3.5 Control of the Automation Process 136 4.3.6 Evaluation of the Automation System 136 4.4 Decentralized Open Automation System 143 4.4.1 System Design 144 4.4.2 Process Description 144 4.4.3 Control of the Automation System 145 References 148 5 Automation Systems with Flexible Robots 167 5.1 Centralized Closed Automation System 167 5.1.1 System Design 167 5.1.2 Process Description 174 5.1.3 Control of the Automation System 174 5.1.4 Results 179 5.2 Centralized Open Automation System 180 5.2.1 Background and Applicative Scope 180 5.2.2 Automation Goals 183 5.2.3 System Design 184 5.2.4 Process Description 186 5.2.5 Control of the Automation System 187 5.2.6 Results 189 5.3 Decentralized Automation System 191 5.3.1 System Design 192 5.3.2 Process Description 193 5.3.3 Control of the Automation System 193 5.4 Automation Systems with Integrated Robotics 194 5.4.1 System Design 196 5.4.2 Process Description 198 5.4.3 Process Control 198 References 200 6 Automated Data Evaluation in Life Sciences 205 6.1 Specific Tasks in Data Evaluation in Analytical Measurements 205 6.2 Automation Goals 207 6.3 System Design 208 6.4 System Realization 211 6.4.1 Software Structure 211 6.4.2 Software Operation 214 6.5 Process Description 220 6.6 Application Examples 222 6.6.1 Automated Data Analysis in the Elemental Analysis 222 6.6.2 Automated Data Analysis in the Structural Analysis 224 6.6.3 Automated Data Analysis in Special Applications 225 References 226 7 Management of Automated Processes 231 7.1 Laboratory Information Systems 231 7.2 Laboratory Execution Systems 231 7.3 Process and Workflow Management Systems 232 7.3.1 Overview 232 7.3.2 Intelligent Scheduling 234 7.3.3 Human Machine Interaction 236 7.4 Business Process Management Systems 239 7.4.1 Initial BPM Activities 239 7.4.2 Relationship to Scientific Workflow Management 241 7.4.3 Life Science Automation Industry Application of BPM 241 7.4.4 Status of Life Science Automation 242 7.4.5 Laboratory IT Integration Status 245 7.4.6 Innovation in End-to-End Process Automation 245 7.4.7 Workflow Automation as a New Top-Level Process Automation Approach 246 7.4.8 Outstanding Position of LIMS as an Established Process Documentation System 248 References 249 Index 255.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527805327 20171009
The first book dedicated specifically to automated sample preparation and analytical measurements, this timely and systematic overview not only covers biological applications, but also environmental measuring technology, drug discovery, and quality assurance. Following a critical review of realized automation solutions in biological sciences, the book goes on to discuss special requirements for comparable systems for analytical applications, taking different concepts into consideration and with examples chosen to illustrate the scope and limitations of each technique.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527805327 20171009
Book
638 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), plans, facsimiles ; 29 cm
  • Préface, / Olivier Faron -- Prémices -- Cet étrange objet du désir -- Le monde en réduction -- Theologia naturalis -- L'oeil analytique -- De l'érudition solitaire à l'érudition partagée -- Un marché de la curiosité -- La confusion des genres -- Des "théâtres de machines" aux scientifica -- Heures d'ouverture -- L'art des expériences -- Aux sources de l'émulation technique -- Les "collections" de Vaucanson -- "L'aiguillon de la gloire" et "l'appât du gain" -- Un projet lyonnais -- Le bureau de consultation des arts et métiers -- Le lycée des arts -- Naissance d'une institution -- S'amuser ou s'instruire ? -- L'essai sur la régénération physique, morale et politique des juifs -- Grégoire à la conquête de la capitale -- Le mémoire en faveur des gens de couleur ou sang-mêlés -- Grégoire, prêtre jureur -- Questions d'éducation -- Un conservatoire pour les arts et métiers -- La théorie de l'effet -- Faux amis -- Arts mécaniques, arts libéraux -- La noblesse du fumier -- "Uniformer la technologie" -- Inventaire, sauvegarde et diffusion -- La commission d'agriculture et des arts -- Formation d'une collection publique -- Jean baptiste le Roy -- Alexandre Théophile Vandermonde -- Nicolas jacques conté -- François Beltvelot -- Claude Pierre Molard -- Le docteur Gruvel -- Visées sur le garde-meuble -- Le conservatoire des arts et métiers sous le directoire -- Etat des lieux -- Un bureau de dessinateurs -- Encore un règlement pour l'institution -- L'atelier de perfectionnement -- Les petits malheurs de Molard -- Le rapport d'Alquier -- Solution de continuité -- Grégoire démonstrateur -- Le concours annuel de l'industrie française -- Brevets d'invention -- Une période de transition -- L'installation à Saint-Martin-des-champs -- Le conservatoire des arts et métiers sous le consulat -- Une "école centrale", rue Saint-Martin ? -- Disparition de le Roy -- Delannoy, un architecte difficile -- Essais de distribution des espaces -- Mauvaise réputation -- Les débuts de la petite école -- Droits d'entrée -- Crispations -- Un signe de conté -- Molard, premier administrateur du conservatoire -- Les projets de Jallier -- L'exposition de 1801 -- Au bonheur des rats -- Retour d'Egypte -- L'expérience des tirants de Molard -- Le conservatoire impérial des arts et métiers sous le premier empire -- Expériences aérostatiques -- L'école de filature -- Mort de conté -- Jours d'affluence -- Nouveau départ pour la petite école -- Peyre Neveu, troisième architecte du conservatoire -- Le cabinet de Ferdinand Berthoud -- Le cabinet de physique de Charles -- La petite école au milieu de l'empire -- La tour infernale -- Une visite surprise de napoléon -- "Pour diminuer les dépenses" -- Molard prépare son catalogue -- Des douaniers encombrants -- Pas d'hydrogène pour le roi de Rome -- La mécanique, pas la chimie ! -- Lycée ou pas lycée ? -- L'arche de Molard -- Verdict impérial -- Liqueurs inflammables -- Ce conservatoire royal des arts et métiers sous la première restauration -- Le gotha aux arts et métiers
  • Dépôt des produits industriels -- Un artiste anglais, en 1814 -- Ou l'on reparle du cabinet de Charles -- Un projet de Molard jeune -- L'école et le musée -- Lyonnet relève Gruvel -- Le conservatoire impérial des arts et métiers pendant les cent-jours -- Une vente sans effet -- Constitution, liberté, patrie -- Le conservatoire royal des arts et métiers sous la seconde restauration -- Les trois règnes -- Le blanc, dessinateur du conservatoire -- La plus riche collection d'instruments de physique d'Europe -- Fonctions et salaires -- Chènevotte et bonnets à poils -- Reprise des enseignements graphiques -- Un vilain "rhume catharale" -- La relève fraternelle -- Coup de semonce -- Une maison à vau-l'eau -- L'ordonnance du 16 avril 1817 -- Gérard Joseph Christian -- Le premier conseil de perfectionnement -- Le discours de la méthode -- Le premier catalogue des collections -- Une machine miraculeuse ? -- Une "mission" de Molard jeune en Angleterre -- L'exposition de 1819 -- La technonomie de Christian -- L'ordonnance du 25 novembre 1819 -- Charles Dupin, un légitimiste libéral -- Nicolas Clément-des Ormes -- Un héritier d'Adam Smith : Jean Baptiste Say -- Mauvaise langue -- Premiers cours des trois chaires -- Formalités douanières -- Le premier amphithéâtre -- Eau-de-vie et pomme de terre -- L'incident de la Rochefoucauld -- Cours du soir -- Questions de respectabilité -- "Le sort de la classe ouvrière" -- L'art de se renvoyer la balle -- Le duc de Doudeauville et l'ordonnance du 31 août 1828 -- Claude Pouillet entre en scène -- Hygiène et sécurité -- Un projet de musée industriel -- Les bouderies de Charles Dupin -- Claude Pouillet, professeur et sous-directeur -- Actualisation -- "Les trois glorieuses" aux arts et métiers.
"Au lendemain de la Terreur, dans une France désemparée, l'abbé Grégoire ressuscite l'esprit des Lumières et prône la création d'un Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers dédié à l'inventivité. Relater la destinée de cette institution atypique, des origines à la fin de la Restauration. Tel est l'objet de ce livre. Mais il faut pour ce faire décoder un kaléidoscope aux couleurs aléatoires et aux formes inconstantes. L'histoire capricieuse du "Temple des techniques" livre ici ses secrets..."--Page 4 of cover.
Green Library
Book
xxxi, 282 pages ; 25 cm
  • Preface. The seven deadly sins of efficiency : why it is still a work in progress
  • From mill to platform : how the nineteenth century redefined efficiency and the twenty-first has transformed it
  • The failed promise of the information explosion : how the quest to measure elite science empowered populist culture
  • The mirage of the teaching machine : why learning is still a slog after fifty years of Moore's law
  • Moving targets : what geographic information can't do
  • The vanished body : why we are still waiting for robococ
  • Conclusion. Inspired inefficiency : how to balance algorithm and intuition.
"A bold challenge to our obsession with efficiency--and a new understanding of how to benefit from the powerful potential of serendipity. Algorithms, multitasking, the sharing economy, life hacks: our culture can't get enough of efficiency. One of the great promises of the Internet and big data revolutions is the idea that we can improve the processes and routines of our work and personal lives to get more done in less time than ever before. There is no doubt that we're performing at higher levels and moving at unprecedented speed, but what if we're headed in the wrong direction? Melding the long-term history of technology with the latest headlines and findings of computer science and social science, [this book] questions our ingrained assumptions about efficiency, persuasively showing how relying on the algorithms of platforms can in fact lead to wasted efforts, missed opportunities, and above all an inability to break out of established patterns. [The author offers a way] of thinking about efficiency, revealing what we and our institutions, when equipped with an astute combination of artificial intelligence and trained intuition, can learn from the random and unexpected."-- Provided by publisher.
Law Library (Crown)
Book
1 online resource Digital: text file.
"A bold challenge to our obsession with efficiency--and a new understanding of how to benefit from the powerful potential of serendipity Algorithms, multitasking, sharing economy, life hacks: our culture can't get enough of efficiency. One of the great promises of the Internet and big data revolutions is the idea that we can improve the processes and routines of our work and personal lives to get more done in less time than ever before. There is no doubt that we're performing at higher scales and going faster than ever, but what if we're headed in the wrong direction? The Efficiency Paradox questions our ingrained assumptions about efficiency, persuasively showing how relying on the algorithms of platforms can in fact lead to wasted efforts, missed opportunities, and above all an inability to break out of established patterns. Edward Tenner offers a smarter way to think about efficiency, showing how we can combine artificial intelligence and our own intuition, leaving ourselves and our institutions open to learning from the random and unexpected"-- Provided by publisher.
"bold challenge to our obsession with efficiency--and a new understanding of how to benefit from the powerful potential of serendipity"-- Provided by publisher.
Overdrive Access limited to one user.
Business Library
Book
1 PDF (xxi, 223 pages).
  • Foreword Preface and Introduction Acknowledgments Accountable to Whom? Learning from Beginning Schoolteachers 1 ""Oh that we the gift of God to see ourselves as others see us, "" Learning from Beginning Teachers 2 Toward a Scholarship of Teaching. Teaching as Research Objectives and Outcomes Problem Solving, Its Teaching, and the Curriculum Process Critical Thinking, Decision Making, and Problem Solving The Scholar Academic Ideology of the Disciplines Intellectual Development Organization for Learning Concept Learning Complex Concepts The Learning Centered Ideology--How Much Should We Know About Our Students? The Learning Centered Ideology--How Much Should We Know About Our Students? Intelligence Two Views of Competency From IQ to Emotional IQ Social Reconstruction Author's Biography Author Index Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781681732930 20180423
Each one of us has views about education, how discipline should function, how individuals learn, how they should be motivated, what intelligence is, and the structures (content and subjects) of the curriculum. Perhaps the most important beliefs that (beginning) teachers bring with them are their notions about what constitutes ""good teaching"". The scholarship of teaching requires that (beginning) teachers should examine (evaluate) these views in the light of knowledge currently available about the curriculum and instruction, and decide their future actions on the basis of that analysis. Such evaluations are best undertaken when classrooms are treated as laboratories of inquiry (research) where teachers establish what works best for them. Two instructor centred and two learner centred philosophies of knowledge, curriculum and instruction are used to discern the fundamental (basic) questions that engineering educators should answer in respect of their own beliefs and practice. They point to a series of classroom activities that will enable them to challenge their own beliefs, and at the same time affirm, develop, or change their philosophies of knowledge, curriculum and instruction.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781681732930 20180423
Book
xxviii, 274 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • A Note from the Series Editor xiii About the Authors xv Foreword xvii Preface xxiii Acknowledgments xxvii INTRODUCTION 1 1 Pressing Issues for Engineering Education and the Engineering Profession 3 1.1 A Mismatched Curriculum 3 1.2 Responsibility that Emerges from the Transformative Power of Engineering 7 1.3 Inquiring into the Framing of Benefits and Constraints 9 1.4 Transitioning from Weak to Robust Sustainability 9 1.5 Fostering Inclusive Excellence 10 1.6 Engaging Emerging Interest Groups 11 2 Research Methods 12 3 Theoretical Frameworks 13 4 Engineering for Social Justice 14 4.1 Emerging Organizations Provide New Opportunities 15 4.2 Calls from Engineering Education Leaders 16 4.3 Emerging Scholarship on Engineering and Social Justice 18 5 Engineering for Social Justice Criteria 19 5.1 Listening Contextually to Develop Trust and Empathy 21 5.2 Identifying Structural Conditions 23 5.3 Acknowledging Political Agency and Mobilizing Power 24 5.4 Increasing Opportunities and Resources 26 5.5 Reducing Imposed Risks and Harms 27 5.6 Enhancing Human Capabilities 28 5.7 Engineering and Social Justice Criteria Combined 30 6 Guidelines for Engineering for Social Justice Implementation 31 6.1 Cradle-to-Grave Analysis 31 6.2 Transcending Temporal Delimitations 33 6.3 Culling Multiple Perspectives 33 7 Further Chapters 34 7.1 Ideologies and Mindsets that Render Social Justice Invisible or Irrelevant 34 7.2 Engineering Design 35 7.3 Engineering Sciences 36 7.4 Humanities/Social Science Courses for Engineering Students 36 7.5 E4SJ as Catalyst for Inclusive Excellence in Engineering 37 7.6 Conclusion 37 8 Benefits of E4SJ Approach 37 References 38 1 SOCIAL JUSTICE IS OFTEN INVISIBLE IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION AND PRACTICE 45 1.1 Generic Barriers to Rendering Social Justice Visible 46 1.1.1 Normalcy 46 1.1.2 Superiority 47 1.1.3 Unconscious Biases 47 1.1.4 Personal and Broader Societal Framing 48 1.2 Engineering-Specific Barriers to Rendering Social Justice Visible: Ideologies 49 1.2.1 Technical Social Dualism 50 1.2.2 Depoliticization 52 1.2.3 Meritocracy 55 1.3 Engineering-Specific Barriers to Rendering Social Justice Visible: Mindsets 56 1.3.1 Centrality of Military and Corporate Organizations 57 1.3.2 Uncritical Acceptance of Authority 58 1.3.3 Technical Narrowness 59 1.3.4 Positivism and the Myth of Objectivity 59 1.3.5 Willingness to Help and Persistence 60 References 63 2 ENGINEERING DESIGN FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE 67 2.1 Why Engineering Design Matters 69 2.1.1 Why Design Resembles Actual Engineering Practice Yet Has Limitations 70 2.1.2 Why Design is an Important Yet Undervalued Component of Engineering Education 71 2.2 Engineering for Social Justice: Criteria for Engineering Design Initiatives 71 2.2.1 Listening Contextually 74 2.2.2 Identifying Structural Conditions 78 2.2.3 Acknowledging Political Agency and Mobilizing Power 79 2.2.4 Increasing Opportunities and Resources 82 2.2.5 Reducing Imposed Risks and Harms 85 2.2.6 Enhancing Human Capabilities 86 2.3 Social Justice Criteria Combined 88 2.4 Benefits of Integrating SJ in Design 89 2.5 Limitations of Social Justice Criteria 95 Appendix 2.A Engineering for Social Justice Self-Assessment Checklist 98 Appendix 2.B Design for Social Justice Charrette 100 Acknowledgments 102 References 102 3 SOCIAL JUSTICE IN THE ENGINEERING SCIENCES 107 3.1 Why are the Engineering Sciences the Sacred Cow of the Engineering Curriculum? 108 3.1.1 Engineering Sciences as Shapers of Engineering Identity 108 3.1.2 Pedagogical Tradition in the Engineering Sciences 112 3.2 Why Social Justice is Inherent in Engineering Sciences Course Content 114 3.3 Making Social Justice Visible without Compromising Technical Excellence 116 3.3.1 Social Justice Definition 116 3.3.2 E4SJ Criteria 119 3.4 Examples of Making SJ Visible in the Engineering Sciences 120 3.4.1 E4SJ Criteria Engaged in Introduction to Feedback Control Systems 120 3.4.2 E4SJ Criteria Engaged in Continuous-Time Signals and Systems 127 3.4.3 E4SJ Criteria Engaged in Mass and Energy Balances 128 3.5 Challenges of Integrating Social Justice into the Engineering Sciences 132 3.5.1 Accreditation 132 3.5.2 Student Attitude 133 3.5.3 Faculty Attitude 133 3.6 Opportunities Associated with Integrating Social Justice 135 3.6.1 Student Perspectives on Opportunities 136 3.6.2 Teaching and Scholarship Opportunities for Faculty 139 3.7 Author Narratives on Challenges and Opportunities 141 3.7.1 IFCS Reflection by Dr. Johnson 141 3.7.2 CTSS Reflection by Dr. Huff 142 3.7.2.1 CTSS Follow-Up Reflection by Dr. Huff 143 3.7.3 Mass and Energy Balances Reflection by Dr. Riley 144 3.8 Conclusion 145 Appendix 3.A IFCS Case Study Matrix. The Case Study Options are Mapped to Technical and Social Justice Learning Objectives 146 Appendix 3.B SJ Integration Issues. For Future IFCS Course Iterations, the Key SJ Integration Issues and Their Potential Solutions are Explored 147 Acknowledgments 149 References 149 4 HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION: FROM IRRELEVANCE TO SOCIAL JUSTICE 155 4.1 Humanities and Social Sciences, the Engineering Curriculum, and the Distancing of Engineering Education from Pressing Social Problems 157 4.2 The Cold War, the Anti-Technology Movement, and a Marginalized HSS 160 4.2.1 Humanities and Social Sciences in 1960s and 1970s Engineering Education 161 4.2.2 The Emergence and Evolution of STS 162 4.3 It Is Time: Integration of Engineering and Social Justice Through the HSS The Historical Convergence of ABET 2000 and More 163 4.3.1 Changes in the Institutional Landscape 165 4.3.2 Changes in the Scholarly Landscape 166 4.4 Emerging Curricular Innovations 168 4.5 Engineering and Social Justice at Colorado School of Mines 170 4.5.1 Background 170 4.5.2 Description of the Course Engineering and Social Justice 171 4.5.3 Course Learning Outcomes 172 4.6 Intercultural Communication at Colorado School of Mines 173 4.6.1 Course Background 174 4.6.2 Course Description 174 4.6.3 Learning Outcomes 177 4.7 Document Design and Graphics at Utah State 177 4.7.1 Course Background 178 4.7.2 Course Description 178 4.7.3 Learning Outcomes 179 4.8 Benefits and Limitations 182 4.8.1 Benefits 182 4.8.2 Limitations 183 Appendix 4.A Privilege Walk Questions 184 Appendix 4.B Privilege by Numbers Activity 187 Appendix 4.C Intercultural Communication Foundational Questions 188 Acknowledgments 189 References 190 5 TRANSFORMING ENGINEERING EDUCATION AND PRACTICE 197 5.1 Practical Guidelines: From Problem Space to Program Space 199 5.1.1 E4SJ in the Problem Space 199 5.1.2 E4SJ in the Course Space 202 5.1.3 E4SJ in Boundary Spaces 206 5.1.4 E4SJ in the Program Space 207 5.2 Broader Implications of E4SJ-Infused Transformations 208 5.2.1 Changing Who Becomes an Engineer 208 5.2.2 Changing the Culture of Engineering 211 5.2.3 From a Culture of Disengagement to One of Greater Public Engagement 215 5.3 Identity Challenges and Inspirations 217 5.3.1 Engineering Student Identity Issues 217 5.3.2 Engineering Faculty Identity Issues 223 Appendix 5.A Assignment and Examples of Problem Rewrites 228 References 237 6 CONCLUSION: MAKING SOCIAL JUSTICE VISIBLE AND VALUED 243 6.1 Engineering Justice into Your Career 244 6.1.1 Recognizing Barriers and Opportunities to Making E4SJ Visible 245 6.1.2 Developing Creative Framing on the Road to Tenure and Promotion 246 6.1.3 Engaging Other Stakeholders and Building a Community of Practice 250 6.1.4 Supporting Students interested in E4SJ Beyond the Classroom 250 6.1.5 Enacting E4SJ Outside the Home Institution 252 6.2 Future E4SJ Research Directions 253 6.2.1 Longitudinal Studies 253 6.2.2 Vehicles for Giving Voice to Marginalized Groups 255 References 255 Index 259.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118757307 20180226
Shows how the engineering curriculum can be a site for rendering social justice visible in engineering, for exploring complex socio-technical interplays inherent in engineering practice, and for enhancing teaching and learning Using social justice as a catalyst for curricular transformation, Engineering Justice presents an examination of how politics, culture, and other social issues are inherent in the practice of engineering. It aims to align engineering curricula with socially just outcomes, increase enrollment among underrepresented groups, and lessen lingering gender, class, and ethnicity gaps by showing how the power of engineering knowledge can be explicitly harnessed to serve the underserved and address social inequalities. This book is meant to transform the way educators think about engineering curricula through creating or transforming existing courses to attract, retain, and motivate engineering students to become professionals who enact engineering for social justice. Engineering Justice offers thought-provoking chapters on: why social justice is inherent yet often invisible in engineering education and practice; engineering design for social justice; social justice in the engineering sciences; social justice in humanities and social science courses for engineers; and transforming engineering education and practice. In addition, this book: Provides a transformative framework for engineering educators in service learning, professional communication, humanitarian engineering, community service, social entrepreneurship, and social responsibilityIncludes strategies that engineers on the job can use to advocate for social justice issues and explain their importance to employers, clients, and supervisorsDiscusses diversity in engineering educational contexts and how it affects the way students learn and develop Engineering Justice is an important book for today s professors, administrators, and curriculum specialists who seek to produce the best engineers of today and tomorrow.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118757307 20180226
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
xiv, 246 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
  • List of Illustrations List of Contributors Introduction Communities Real and Imagined: World's Fairs and Political MeaningsDavid Raizman and Ethan Robey 1. East Meets West: Re-Presenting the Islamic World at the Nineteenth-Century World's FairsDebra Hanson 2. From London to Paris (via Cairo): The World Expositions and the Making of a Modern Architect, 1862-1867Christian A. Hedrick 3. The Belgian Reception of Italy at the 1885 Antwerp World Exhibition: Converging Artistic, Economic, and Political Strategies on DisplayDaniela N. Prina 4. A Danish Spectacle: Balancing National Interests at the 1888 Nordic Exhibition of Industry, Agriculture and Art in Copenhagen Jorn Guldberg 5. A Neoclassical Translation: The Hooden at the 1893 World's Columbian ExpositionHannah L. Sigur ã 6. Paris, 1900: The Musee Centennal du Mobilier et de la Decoration and the Formulation of a Nineteenth-Century National Design IdentityAnca I. Lasc 7. "Our Country Has Never Been as Popular as It Is Now!": Finland at the 1900 Exposition Universelleã Bart Pushaw 8. "A Revelation of Grace and Pride": Cultural Memory and International Aspiration in Early Twentieth-Century Hungarian DesignRebecca Houze 9. When the Local is the Global: Case Studies in Early Twentieth-Century Chinese Exposition ProjectsSusan R. Fernsebner 10. The 1910 Centenary Exhibition in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay: Manufacturing Fine Art and Cultural Diplomacy in South AmericaM. Elizabeth Boone Bibliography Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138501751 20180326
Expanding Nationalisms at World's Fairs: Identity, Diversity, and Exchange, 1851-1915 introduces the subject of international exhibitions to art and design historians and a wider audience as a resource for understanding the broad and varied political meanings of design during a period of rapid industrialization, developing nationalism, imperialism, expanding trade and the emergence of a consumer society. Its chapters, written by both established and emerging scholars, are global in scope, and demonstrate specific networks of communication and exchange among designers, manufacturers, markets and nations on the modern world stage from the second half of the nineteenth century into the beginning of the twentieth. Within the overarching theme of nationalism and internationalism as revealed at world's fairs, the book's essays will engage a more complex understanding of ideas of competition and community in an age of emergent industrial capitalism, and will investigate the nuances, contradictions and marginalized voices that lie beneath the surface of unity, progress, and global expansion.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138501751 20180326
Green Library
Book
1 online resource (xiii, 548 pages).
  • Acknowledgments xi About the Companion Website xiii 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Measures of System Performance 2 1.2 Characteristics of Queueing Systems 4 1.3 The Experience of Waiting 9 1.4 Little s Law 10 1.5 General Results 19 1.6 Simple Bookkeeping for Queues 22 1.7 Introduction to the Qts Plus Software 26 Problems 27 2 Review of Stochastic Processes 35 2.1 The Exponential Distribution 35 2.2 The Poisson Process 39 2.3 Discrete Time Markov Chains 49 2.4 Continuous Time Markov Chains 62 Problems 69 3 Simple Markovian Queueing Models 73 3.1 Birth Death Processes 73 3.2 Single Server Queues (M=M=1) 77 3.3 Multiserver Queues (M=M=c) 90 3.4 Choosing the Number of Servers 97 3.5 Queues with Truncation (M=M=c=K) 100 3.6 Erlang s Loss Formula (M=M=c=c) 105 3.7 Queues with Unlimited Service (M=M=1) 108 3.8 Finite Source Queues 109 3.9 State Dependent Service 115 3.10 Queues with Impatience 119 3.11 Transient Behavior 121 3.12 Busy Period Analysis 126 Problems 127 4 Advanced Markovian Queueing Models 147 4.1 Bulk Input (M[X]=M=1) 147 4.2 Bulk Service (M=M[Y ]=1) 153 4.3 Erlang Models 158 4.4 Priority Queue Disciplines 172 4.5 Retrial Queues 191 Problems 204 5 Networks, Series, and Cyclic Queues 213 5.1 Series Queues 215 5.2 Open Jackson Networks 221 5.3 Closed Jackson Networks 229 5.4 Cyclic Queues 243 5.5 Extensions of Jackson Networks 244 5.6 NonJackson Networks 246 Problems 248 6 General Arrival or Service Patterns 255 6.1 General Service, Single Server (M=G=1) 255 6.2 General Service, Multiserver (M=G=c=, M=G=1) 290 6.3 General Input (G=M=1, G=M=c) 295 Problems 306 7 General Models and Theoretical Topics 313 7.1 G=Ek=1, G[k]=M=1, and G=PHk=1 313 7.2 General Input, General Service (G=G=1) 320 7.3 Poisson Input, Constant Service, Multiserver (M=D=c) 330 7.4 SemiMarkov and Markov Renewal Processes in Queueing 332 7.5 Other Queue Disciplines 337 7.6 Design and Control of Queues 342 7.7 Statistical Inference in Queueing 353 Problems 361 8 Bounds and Approximations 365 8.1 Bounds 366 8.2 Approximations 378 8.3 Deterministic Fluid Queues 392 8.4 Network Approximations 400 Problems 411 9 Numerical Techniques and Simulation 417 9.1 Numerical Techniques 417 9.2 Numerical Inversion of Transforms 433 9.3 Discrete Event Stochastic Simulation 446 Problems 469 References 475 Appendix A: Symbols and Abbreviations 487 Appendix B: Tables 495 Appendix C: Transforms and Generating Functions 503 C.1 Laplace Transforms 503 C.2 Generating Functions 510 Appendix D: Differential and Difference Equations 515 D.1 Ordinary Differential Equations 515 D.2 Difference Equations 531 Appendix E: QtsPlus Software 537 E.1 Instructions for Downloading 540 Index 541.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118943526 20180618
The definitive guide to queueing theory and its practical applications features numerous real-world examples of scientific, engineering, and business applications Thoroughly updated and expanded to reflect the latest developments in the field, Fundamentals of Queueing Theory, Fifth Edition presents the statistical principles and processes involved in the analysis of the probabilistic nature of queues. Rather than focus narrowly on a particular application area, the authors illustrate the theory in practice across a range of fields, from computer science and various engineering disciplines to business and operations research. Critically, the text also provides a numerical approach to understanding and making estimations with queueing theory and provides comprehensive coverage of both simple and advanced queueing models. As with all preceding editions, this latest update of the classic text features a unique blend of the theoretical and timely real-world applications. The introductory section has been reorganized with expanded coverage of qualitative/non-mathematical approaches to queueing theory, including a high-level description of queues in everyday life. New sections on non-stationary fluid queues, fairness in queueing, and Little s Law have been added, as has expanded coverage of stochastic processes, including the Poisson process and Markov chains. Each chapter provides a self-contained presentation of key concepts and formulas, to allow readers to focus independently on topics relevant to their interests A summary table at the end of the book outlines the queues that have been discussed and the types of results that have been obtained for each queue Examples from a range of disciplines highlight practical issues often encountered when applying the theory to real-world problems A companion website features QtsPlus, an Excel-based software platform that provides computer-based solutions for most queueing models presented in the book. Featuring chapter-end exercises and problems all of which have been classroom-tested and refined by the authors in advanced undergraduate and graduate-level courses Fundamentals of Queueing Theory, Fifth Edition is an ideal textbook for courses in applied mathematics, queueing theory, probability and statistics, and stochastic processes. This book is also a valuable reference for practitioners in applied mathematics, operations research, engineering, and industrial engineering.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118943526 20180618
Book
xii, 356 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • The railroad
  • The dam
  • The plant
  • The test site
  • The strip.
The United States has a long and unfortunate history of exposing employees, the public, and the environment to dangerous work. But in April 2009, the spotlight was on Las Vegas when the Pulitzer committee awarded its public service prize to the Las Vegas Sun for its coverage of the high fatalities on Las Vegas Strip construction sites. The newspaper attributed failures in safety policy to the recent "exponential growth in the Las Vegas market." In fact, since Las Vegas' founding in 1905, rapid development has always strained occupational health and safety standards. A History of Occupational Health and Safety examines the work, hazards, and health and safety programs from the early building of the railroad through the construction of the Hoover Dam, chemical manufacturing during World War II, nuclear testing, and dense megaresort construction on the Las Vegas Strip. In doing so, this comprehensive chronicle reveals the long and unfortunate history of exposing workers, residents, tourists, and the environment to dangerous work-all while exposing the present and future to crises in the region. Complex interactions and beliefs among the actors involved are emphasized, as well as how the medical community interpreted and responded to the risks posed. Few places in the United States contain this mixture of industrial and postindustrial sites, the Las Vegas area offers unique opportunities to evaluate American occupational health during the twentieth century, and reminds us all about the relevancy of protecting our workers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781943859702 20180618
Green Library
Book
vi, 249 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Insights and advice from the field on how to respond to and leverage the radical transformation AI, robotics, and machine learning are having on all kinds of enterprise processes. Articulates the new environment in which AI, machine learning, and bots are increasingly commonplace tools being used across the organization Aids managers trying to understand how to help employees do their best work in a quickly changing tech environment Shows business leaders more concretely than heretofore how processes and definitions of jobs will change and clarifies potential opportunities at their organization or in their industry Provides concrete guidance for the many companies beginning to face the challenges of human-machine collaboration and management Engagingly written and accessible Broad range of stories from across industries (via Accenture's client list) Audience: Broad audience of executives and managers interested in how they can improve processes, profitability, and overall impact via AI, robotics, and machine learning. This interest will range across core operations/manufacturing, back office, R&D, marketing, and HR. Announced first printing: 20,000 Laydown goal: 4,000.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781633693869 20180416
Business Library
Book
ix, 242 pages : illustrations ; 20 cm
Technology moves fast - so where will it have taken us by 2050? How will it affect the way we live? And how far are we willing to let it go? In Megatech, distinguished scientists, industry leaders, star academics and acclaimed science-fiction writers join journalists from The Economist to explore answers to these questions and more. Twenty experts in the field, including Nobel prize-winner Frank Wilczek, Silicon Valley venture-capitalist Ann Winblad, philanthropist Melinda Gates and science-fiction author Alastair Reynolds identify the big ideas, fantastic inventions and potentially sinister trends that will shape our future. Join them to explore a brave new world of brain-computer interfaces, vat-grown cruelty-free meat, knitted cars and guided bullets. The writers predict the vast changes that technology will bring to everything from food production to health care, energy output, manufacturing and the military balance. They also consider the impact on jobs, and how we can prepare for the opportunities, as well as the dangers, that await. Thought-provoking, engaging and full of insight from the forefront of tech innovation, Megatech is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand tomorrow's world.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781781259726 20180514
Green Library
Book
1 online resource (392 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"This book collects selected papers from the 17th and 18th Annual Conference of the Chinese Society of Micro/Nano Technology (CSMNT2015 and CSMNT2016). The papers cover various fields, like Micro/Nano Transducer/Robot, Microfluidic Devices and Systems, Micro/Nano Fabrication & Measurement Technologies, Microfluidics and Nano Fluids, Nano Material Research/Nanotube/Nanowire Devices, MEMS/NENS and Applications, Nanometer Biological/Nano Medicine, Packaging Technology. All the papers are written by Chinese researchers. From this book, you can have an overview of research of MEMS and nano technology in China. The reader can be researchers, graduate students, and engineers who are working in the field of MEMS and nano technology."--Publisher's website.
Book
1 online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Preliminary Potential contributors to this volume are the members of APDIO and the international invited speakers and participants of APDIO present and past congresses, among which are included: A. Ismael F. Vaz, University of Minho, Portugal Agostinho Agra, University of Aveiro, Portugal Alberto Adrego Pinto, INESC TEC and University of Porto, Portugal Ana Cristina Amaro, ISCAC-IPC, Coimbra Business School, Portugal Ana Isabel Pereira, Polytechnic Institute of Braganca, Portugal Ana Luisa Custodio, Universidade Nova, Lisbon, Portugal Ana Paula Barbosa Povoa, University of Lisbon, Portugal Ana Paula Teixeira, University of Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal Antonio Pais Antunes, University of Coimbra, Portugal Armando B. Mendes, University of Acores, Portugal Ayse Basar Bener, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada Bernardo Almada-Lobo, INESC TEC and Univ ersity of Porto, Portugal Candida Mourao, CMAF-CIO and University of Lisbon, Portugal Carlos Henggeler Antunes, University of Coimbra, Portugal Cesaltina Pires, University of Evora, Portugal Clara Bento Vaz, Polytechnic Institute of Braganca, Portugal Cristina Lopes, Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Portugal Domingos Moreira Cardoso, University of Aveiro, Portugal Fernando Jose Vicente Freire, Military Academy, Portugal Filipe Alvelos, University of Minho, Portugal Isabel Gomes, Universidade Nova, Lisbon, Portugal Elena Fernandez, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Spain Joao Miranda, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre, Portugal Joao Paulo Almeida, Polytechnic Institute of Braganca, Portugal Joao Paulo Costa, University of Coimbra, Portugal Joao Telhada, University of Lisbon, Portugal Jorge Orestes Cerdeira, Universidade Nova, Lisbon, Portugal Jose Fe rnando Goncalves, University of Porto, Portugal Jose Fernando Oliveira, University of Porto, Portugal Jose Manuel Valerio de Carvalho, University of Minho, Portugal Lia Oliveira, Politechnic Institute of Viana do Castelo, Portugal Luis Miguel Candido Dias, University of Coimbra, Portugal Luis Nunes Vicente, University of Coimbra, Portugal Margarida Vaz Pato, University of Lisbon, Portugal Maria Antonia Carravilla, University of Porto, Portugal Maria Eugenia Captivo, University of Lisboa, Portugal Maria Joao Alves, University of Coimbra, Portugal Maria Sameiro Carvalho, University of Minho, Portugal Marilia Pires, University of Algarve, Portugal Monica Oliveira, University of Lisbon, Portugal Paulo Sergio Abreu Freitas, University of Madeira, Portugal Pedro Oliveira, ICBAS and University of Porto, Portugal Silverio Simoes Rosa, IT and Universi ty of Beira Interior , Portugal Sofia Rodrigues, Politechnic Institute of Viana do Castelo, Portugal Susana Relvas, University of Lisbon, Portugal Tatiana Tchemisova Cordeiro, University of Aveiro, Portugal Teresa Cardoso Grilo, ISCTE Business School, Lisbon, Portugal Tomaz Dentinho, University of Acores, Portugal.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319715827 20180409
This proceedings book presents selected contributions from the XVIII Congress of APDIO (the Portuguese Association of Operational Research) held in Valenca on June 28-30, 2017. Prepared by leading Portuguese and international researchers in the field of operations research, it covers a wide range of complex real-world applications of operations research methods using recent theoretical techniques, in order to narrow the gap between academic research and practical applications. Of particular interest are the applications of, nonlinear and mixed-integer programming, data envelopment analysis, clustering techniques, hybrid heuristics, supply chain management, and lot sizing and job scheduling problems. In most chapters, the problems, methods and methodologies described are complemented by supporting figures, tables and algorithms. The XVIII Congress of APDIO marked the 18th installment of the regular biannual meetings of APDIO - the Portuguese Association of Operational Research. The meetings bring together researchers, scholars and practitioners, as well as MSc and PhD students, working in the field of operations research to present and discuss their latest works. The main theme of the latest meeting was Operational Research Pro Bono. Given the breadth of topics covered, the book offers a valuable resource for all researchers, students and practitioners interested in the latest trends in this field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319715827 20180409
Book
xiv, 380 pages : illustrations, charts ; [ca. 23-29] cm
  • Foundations of safety science: Theories, principles, methods and tools Understanding (organizational) practices in safety research: Proximity versus distance and some research implications T.E. Evjemo A multi-perspective account of safety (MUPSY) R. Rosness, R.K. Tinmannsvik & T.K. Haavik Influence of temperature and surroundings humidity on scaffolding work comfort I. Szer, J. Szer, P. Cyniak & E. Blazik-Borowa Two different qualitative cyberneticians: Barry Turner and Jens Rasmussen P. Waterson & J.C. Le Coze "Tough Love": Unpacking the dynamics of Turner's stage 6 (cultural readjustment) M. Whitehead, G.T. Jun & P.E. Waterson Developments in analysis of severe adverse events in healthcare-policy and practice in Norway S. Wiig & G.S. Braut From safety to cyber security: New organizational challenges in Industrial Control Systems (ICS) A. Zanutto Research to practice: Achievements, lessons learned and challenges Epidemiologic and temporal trends of work-related injuries in expatriate workers in a high-income rapidly developing country: Evidence for preventive programs R.J. Consunji, A. Mehmood, N. Hirani, A. El-Menyar, A. Abeid, A. Hyder, M. Mollazehi, H. Al-Thani & R. Peralta Ensuring contract worker safety in complex organizational systems J. Hayes, D. Paterno, E. Eleftheriadis & S. Tepe Potential safety influences of communication and language difficulties at sea: A comparison of vessels with and without multinational crews T.-O. Navestad Working conditions, fatigue and safety in Norwegian maritime transport T.-O. Navestad & R.O. Phillips Reducing risk amongst those driving during work M.J.M. Sullman Risk management and safety culture: Case studies, best practices and further needs Mandatory OHS management is mostly an ineffective `side-car' because employers delegate it away to un-empowered line managers K. Frick Safety culture in a shipping company. Evidence from two surveys 13 years apart J.I. Havold, G. Mustafa & N. Ashraf From traditional occupational safety work to systematic leisure time safety promoting T. Hyytinen & J. Kivisto-Rahnasto HSEQ assessment audit tool-consistency analysis of expert audits H. Jounila, N. Cajander, A. Reiman, J. Latva-Ranta & S. Vayrynen Capturing lessons learnt from an accident investigation to improve the management of geological hazards in construction U. Kjellen & O.I. Dalen Road safety culture among HGV drivers in Norway and Greece: Why do Greek HGV drivers commit more aggressive violations in traffic? T.-O. Navestad, R.O. Phillips, A. Laiou & G. Yannis Improving occupational safety in in-house logistics with the aid of digital measures P. Perttula, H. Ratilainen & V. Puro Chemical hazard risk in emergency services A. Prieto-Sanchez, J.A. Del Moral-Jimenez, L. Reyes-Goldsmith, S. Esteban-Pastor, F. Aguilar-Fernandez & M.T. Lanza-Guerricagoitia Measures for preventing violence in emergency departments J. Pulkkinen, S. Anttila, J. Kivisto-Rahnasto & J. Vasara Safety culture assurance by auditing in a nuclear power plant construction project T. Reiman & K. Viitanen What kind of prevention cultures are prevailing? Typical dialogues on occupational safety and health in German companies B. Schmitt-Howe Translation of a safety culture training program from one industry context to another R.O. Skotnes, K.A. Holte & P. Kines The safety culture award competition in the Czech Republic and Slovakia I. Slovackova A model for managing OHS in Finnish vocational training and education provider organisations S. Tappura, J. Pulkkinen & J. Kivisto-Rahnasto Promoting a positive safety culture in the maritime industry by applying the Safety-II perspective A.M. Teperi, V. Puro & J. Lappalainen Applying Pareto approach in the prevention of occupational accidents in cement industry-a case study at Holcim Vietnam X.T. Thai & P. Kucera Patterns of safety. Overarching results and conclusions from a comparative study of safety in the Swedish and Danish construction industry-SveDan M. Torner, K.J. Nielsen, J. Dyreborg, M. Grill, R. Grytnes, C.D. Hansen, P. Kines & A. Pousette Prevention cultures and OSH interventions-European experiences with implementing the zero accident vision (and its potentials for health and wellbeing at work) G.I.J.M. Zwetsloot Safety regulation: Reasonable practicable approach Dialogue in asymmetrical power relations-modern safety regulation? U. Forseth & R. Rosness The future of health and safety legislation and the role of different stakeholders in occupational safety and health legislation O. Nicolaidou, C.M. Varianou & G. Boustras Fire safety regulation in practice: Challenges and achievements M. Sousa, C. Fernandes, C. Ribeiro & R. Aguia Responsive regulation: Influencing WHS improvement in a high-risk industry P. Thorning, G. Phillips, V. Thomson & K. Bow Critical analysis on occupational safety and hygiene law and its implementation-a case study of Vietnam's rubber industry T.N.S. Tran & A. Bernatik Managing safety-related compliance in differing market areas J. Vasara & J. Kivisto-Rahnasto Education and training: Prerequisite for safety Occupational safety and health and environmental safety criticalities depending on geo-economic areas: A focus on mining and quarrying activities M. Bo, P. Fargione, L. Maida & F. Pognant Integrating safety into mainstream education and professional and vocational training J.N. Coudounaris An experience of university education on occupational safety and health at Politecnico di Torino E. De Cillis, P. Fargione, L. Maida & M. Patrucco What role do OHS professionals play in the construction of industrial safety? F. Guennoc, C. Chauvin & J.C. Le Coze Education and training. Pre-requisite for safety J. Jansz Bridging the divide-OHS and process safety T. Kerin Traditional learning vs virtual learning in maintenance operations: Thoughts and reflections from a safety perspective A. Martinetti & K. `t Hart Training plan for volunteers in H&S A. Prieto-Sanchez, F. Aguilar-Fernandez, L. Reyes-Goldsmith, M. Marcos-Alonso, S. Esteban-Pastor & M.T. Lanza-Guerricagoitia Safety training parks-a case study on the effectiveness of the trainings T. Rasanen, E. Sormunen, A. Reiman, S. Vayrynen, L. Moller Pedersen & O. Airaksinen A concept for developing safety leadership competencies of the managers R. Tengvall, S. Tappura & J. Kivisto-Rahnasto Monitoring of lighting in a school classroom I. Turekova, D. Lukacova & G. Banesz Biorhythm for injury prevention and safety awareness in VET: An Indian case study P.D. Ukhlikar, V. Dhole, A.B. Dadas & R. Balapure Complexity and safety: Multidisciplinarity and inter-stakeholder view Responses to institutional complexity associated with safety requirements in a large nuclear industry project N. Gotcheva, K. Aaltonen & J. Kujala Some results of a modern approach to the occupational safety and health problems L. Maida, E. De Cillis & P. Fargione Situation and factors of aggressive behavior against railway station staff in Japan surveyed through passengers' perceptions Y. Okada, Y. Miyachi, F. Kikuchi, A. Murakoshi & N. Hatakeyama "Healthy workplaces for all ages"-age related changes and occupational health and safety C.M. Varianou, O. Nicolaidou & G. Boustras.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138037960 20171218
Prevention of Accidents at Work collects papers presented at the 9th International Conference on the Prevention of Accidents at Work (WOS 2017) held in Prague, Czech Republic, on October 3-6, 2017, organized by the VSB-Technical University of Ostrava. The conference on current issues within occupational safety is organized under the umbrella of Workingonsafety.net (WOS.net). WOS.net is an international network of decision-makers, researchers and professionals responsible for the prevention of accidents and trauma at work. The network aims to bring accident prevention experts together in order to facilitate the exchange of experience, new findings and best practices between different countries and sectors. WOS.net is supported by the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA).The overall theme is safety management complexity in a changing society, with the motto: Do we need a holistic approach? Underlying topics include: Foundations of safety science: theories, principles, methods and tools; Research to practice: achievements, lessons learned and challenges; Risk management and safety culture: case studies, best practices and further needs; Safety regulation: reasonable practicable approach; Education and training: prerequisite for safety; Complexity and safety: multidisciplinarity and inter-stakeholder views. Prevention of Accidents at Work should be valuable to researchers, policy makers, safety professionals, labor inspectors, labor administrators and other experts in the prevention of occupational accidents.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138037960 20171218
Book
v, 316 pages, 8 unnumbered pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
From historical figures such as Marie Curie to contemporaries such as Steve Jobs, a handful of innovators have changed the world. What made them so spectacularly inventive? Melissa A. Schilling, one of the world's leading experts on innovation, looks at the lives of seven creative geniuses--Albert Einstein, Benjamin Franklin, Elon Musk, Dean Kamen, Nicola Tesla, Curie, and Jobs--to identify the traits and quirks that led them to become breakthrough innovators. Though all innovators possess incredible intellect, intellect alone does not create a serial innovator. There are other very strong commonalities: for instance, nearly all exhibit very high levels of social detachment. They all have extreme, almost maniacal, faith in their ability to overcome obstacles. And they have a passionate idealism that pushes them to work with intensity even in the face of criticism or failure. These individual traits would be unlikely to work in isolation--being unconventional without having high levels of confidence and direction, for example, might result in rebellious behavior that does not lead to meaningful innovation. Schilling reveals the science behind the convergence of traits that increases the likelihood of success, and shows us how to nurture and facilitate breakthrough innovation in our own lives.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781610397926 20180416
Green Library
Book
xvii, 417 pages ; 24 cm
  • Introduction
  • Engineering humans
  • Cogs in the machine of our own lives
  • Techno-social engineering creep and the slippery-sloped path
  • Tools for engineering humans
  • Engineering humans with contracts
  • On extending minds and mind control
  • The path to smart techno-social environments
  • Techno-social engineering of humans through smart environments
  • #RelationshipOptimization
  • Turing tests and the line between humans and machines
  • Can humans be engineered to be incapable of thinking?
  • Engineered determinism and free will
  • To what end?
  • Conclusion: Reimagining and building alternative futures
  • Appendix A. Mass media and the First Amendment
  • Appendix B. Perspectives on the Turing test
  • Appendix C. Our free will discussion
  • Appendix D. Modern meal times
  • Appendix E. Rethinking contract theory.
Every day, new warnings emerge about artificial intelligence rebelling against us. All the while, a more immediate dilemma flies under the radar. Have forces been unleashed that are thrusting humanity down an ill-advised path, one that's increasingly making us behave like simple machines? In this wide-reaching, interdisciplinary book, Brett Frischmann and Evan Selinger examine what's happening to our lives as society embraces big data, predictive analytics, and smart environments. They explain how the goal of designing programmable worlds goes hand in hand with engineering predictable and programmable people. Detailing new frameworks, provocative case studies, and mind-blowing thought experiments, Frischmann and Selinger reveal hidden connections between fitness trackers, electronic contracts, social media platforms, robotic companions, fake news, autonomous cars, and more. This powerful analysis should be read by anyone interested in understanding exactly how technology threatens the future of our society, and what we can do now to build something better.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107147096 20180604
Law Library (Crown)
Book
pages ; cm
  • Technology Innovation in Education. Recent Trends in Internet of Things (IoT). Knowledge Engineering for Decision Support Systems. Emerging Trends in Mobile Computing and Communications.Intelligent Recognition Technologies, Applications, and Systems (IRTAS). ICT for Intelligent Enterprise. Sensors in Real-Time Applications. Vital Role of WSN in Daily Life Applications. Learning and University Teaching Practices. Research Perspective in Big Data Analytics. Soft Computing Techniques in Cryptology and Information Security. Psychology, IT and Social Media. Big Data in Education. Internet of Things and Smart Systems. Human Factors in Cyber Security. Smart Computing. Intelligent Computing. Ecommerce and Electronic Payment Systems Adoption in Developing Countries. Quality of Service Enhancements in Distributed Mobile Networks: Algorithms and Protocols for New Generation Communications. Knowledge Management: Science, Technology, and Applications. Computer Artificial Intelligence and Robotics. Intelligent Systems for Processing and Analysis of Multi-Dimensional Signals and Images. Wireless Sensor Networks and Applications. Knowledge Management and Intellectual Capital. Managing People in Digital Economy.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498781190 20171218
The International Conference on Communications, Management, and Information Technology (ICCMIT'16) provides a discussion forum for scientists, engineers, educators and students about the latest discoveries and realizations in the foundations, theory, models and applications of systems inspired on nature, using computational intelligence methodologies, as well as in emerging areas related to the three tracks of the conference: Communication Engineering, Knowledge, and Information Technology. The best 25 papers to be included in the book will be carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions, then revised and expanded to provide deeper insight into trends shaping future ICT.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498781190 20171218
Book
23 PDFs (xx, 365 pages) : illustrations
  • Section 1. Strategic impact of information technology: introduction. Chapter 1. The influence of the top management characteristics on the success of the enterprise information system ; Chapter 2. Managing IT to innovate and strategize in the higher education sector: role of enterprise systems ; Chapter 3. Synergy for sustainability in the upcoming telecommunications revolution: the case of a developing economy
  • Section 2. Innovation in information technology. Chapter 4. Home bias in innovation ecosystems: relying on local users for knowledge
  • Section 3. Security. Chapter 5. On securing cloud storage using a homomorphic framework
  • Section 4. On higher education applications. Chapter 6. Learning in the laboratory: accessing videos with quick response codes ; Chapter 7. Microblogging case study in higher education: Edmodo in Finland ; Chapter 8. An app to manage grammar level tests in language schools ; Chapter 9. Analysis of a learning management system by using google analytics: a case study from Turkey ; Chapter 10. Value of adaptation of methodologies between different knowledge areas: as applied in the context of project-based learning ; Chapter 11. Students skills in a blended learning environment: a qualitative research.
Technological advancements are often regarded as positive, as they are usually expected to make life and business easier. While this can often be the case, it is not always true, and much of the improvement in the realm of technology comes from analysis of new technologies for effectiveness. Technology Management in Organizational and Societal Contexts is a critical scholarly publication that explores the relationship between businesses and institutions and technology and analyzes the outcomes in order to promote improvement. Featuring coverage on a wide range of topics, such as e-services, multimedia in education, and issues of emerging technologies, this publication is geared towards academicians, researchers, and students seeking relevant and current research on the interactions between organizations and technology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781522552796 20180226
Book
xvii, 266 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Introduction : let there be light
  • The country with a spiritual soul
  • Israel's DNA
  • "Jews cannot remain indifferent"
  • Local challenges make for global solutions
  • The uber of ambulances
  • One drop at a time
  • Real iron men
  • Modern day Joseph
  • The fourth day
  • Technology for good
  • The lame shall walk
  • GPS for the brain
  • Golden firewall
  • Swallow the camera
  • Eye on the spine
  • Small nation, big vision
  • A better band-aid
  • Working for tips
  • A higher calling
  • Balancing heaven and earth
  • Resurrecting the dead
  • Be a mensch.
Thou Shalt Innovate profiles wondrous Israeli innovations that are collectively changing the lives of billions of people around the world and explores why Israeli innovators of all faiths feel a compulsion to make the world better. Featured stories include Israeli ingenuity in agriculture, medicine, water, and defense, but the heart and soul of this book revolves around the global impact of world changing innovations and the people behind them. It is the collective story of how Israelis are helping to feed the hungry, cure the sick and provide shelter for the homeless. Israel is playing disproportionate role in helping solve some of the world's biggest challenges by tapping into the nation's soul: the spirit of tikkun olam - the Jewish concept of repairing the world. There is no single narrative that fully describes the State of Israel. But there is also no denying that Israel has extraordinary innovators who are bound together not by religion, money or stature, but rather by their desire to save lives and find higher purpose. Thou Shalt Innovate is the story of Israelis who exude light in the face of the darkness, about people who have chosen hope and healing over death and destruction. These stories are rays of light coming from an otherwise depressing part of the world. It is the 'innovation soup for the soul'.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
ix, 484 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
  • Contents List of Illustrations List of Tables Introduction: America's Jewel in the Crown Robert W. Rydell 1. "The Great American Desert Is No More" Sarah J. Moore 2. The Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition Commemorative Stamp Issue Bonnie M. Miller 3. Women and Art in the Passing Show Wendy Jean Katz 4. Trilby Goes Naked and Native on the Midway Emily Godbey 5. Condensed Loveliness Tracey Jean Boisseau 6. Indigenous Identities in the Imperialist Imagination Akim Reinhardt 7. Exposition Anthropology Nancy J. Parezo 8. Hawai'i and the Philippines at the Omaha Expositions Stacy L. Kamehiro and Danielle B. Crawford Afterword: The Art of the Historian Timothy Schaffert Selected Bibliography Contributors Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780803278806 20180219
The Trans-Mississippi Exposition of 1898 celebrated Omaha's key economic role as a center of industry west of the Mississippi River and its arrival as a progressive metropolis after the Panic of 1893. The exposition also promoted the rise of the United States as an imperial power, at the time on the brink of the Spanish-American War, and the nation's place in bringing "civilization" to Indigenous populations both overseas and at the conclusion of the recent Plains Indian Wars. The Omaha World's Fair, however, is one of the least studied American expositions. Wendy Jean Katz brings together leading scholars to better understand the event's place in the larger history of both Victorian-era America and the American West. The interdisciplinary essays in this volume cover an array of topics, from competing commercial visions of the cities of the Great West; to the role of women in the promotion of City Beautiful ideals of public art and urban planning; and the constructions of Indigenous and national identities through exhibition, display, and popular culture. Leading scholars T. J. Boisseau, Bonnie M. Miller, Sarah J. Moore, Nancy Parezo, Akim Reinhardt, and Robert Rydell, among others, discuss this often-misunderstood world's fair and its place in the Victorian-era ascension of the United States as a world power.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780803278806 20180219
Green Library