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1 online resource.
  • Section I Foundations 1. Fundamental Computing Concepts 2. Programming Languages and Software Engineering Section II Data Manipulation and Analysis 3. Elementary Data Manipulation Using Excel 4. Statistical Analysis and Mathematical Programming Using Excel 5. Visual Basic for Applications in Microsoft Excel Section III Database Management 6. Database Concepts and the Entity-Relationship Model 7. Introduction to MS Access 8. Structured Query Language and Access Query Examples Section IV Handheld Devices 9. Handheld Computers and Windows Mobile 10. Handheld PC Applications: An Integrated Computer-Based Cruising System 11. Introduction to Geospatial Technology Applications in Forest Management Section V Visual Basic .NET Programming 12. Introduction to Visual Basic .NET Programming 13. VB.NET Controls, Project, and Menu Design 14. VB.NET Programming Fundamentals 15. Programming Application Examples in Forest Resource Management 16. Programming for Mobile Devices and Applications in Time Study of Timber Harvesting Machines Section VI Web-Based Applications 17. Introduction to HTML 18. Introduction to ASP.NET 19. ASP/ASP.NET Applications.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781351849333 20171127
Due to the complexity of operational forestry problems, computing applications are becoming pervasive in all aspects of forest and natural resource management. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to computers and their applications in forest and natural resource management and is designed for both undergraduate and graduate students in forestry and natural resources. It introduces state-of-the-art applications for several of the most important computer technologies in terms of data acquisition, data manipulation, basic programming techniques, and other related computer and Internet concepts and applications. This book consists of six parts and 19 chapters.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781351849333 20171127
EBSCOhost Access limited to 3 simultaneous users
xxiii, 331 pages ; 24 cm
  • FOREWORD The Carbon Offsetting Dilemma Esteve Corbera INTRODUCTION Carbon Offset, Markets, and Social Equity: Trading in Forests to Save the Planet Shirley J. Fiske and Stephanie Paladino SECTION I: FRAMING THE CARBON REGIME IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBAL TRENDS 1. A Genealogy of Exchangeable Nature James Igoe 2. Profits and Promises: Can Carbon Trading Save Forests and Aid Development? Kathleen McAfee 3. Forest Carbon Sinks Prior to REDD: A Brief History of their Role in the Clean Development Mechanism Maria Gutierrez 4. Justice and Equity in Carbon Offset Governance: Debates and Dilemmas Mary Finley-Brook SECTION II: ACCOUNTING AND ACCOUNTABILITY 5. The Limitations of International Auditing: The Case of the Norway-Guyana REDD+ Agreement Janette Bulkan 6. Corporate Carbon Footprinting as Techno-political Practice Ingmar Lippert 7. Regulating Fairness in the Design of California's Cap-and-Trade Market Patrick Bigger SECTION III: NATIONAL AND SUBNATIONAL FRAMINGS 8. Carbon, Carbon Everywhere: How Climate Change is Transforming Conservation in Costa Rica Robert Fletcher 9. Customary Landowners, Logging Companies, and Conservationists in a Decentralized State: The Case of REDD+ and PES in Papua New Guinea David Lipset and Bridget Henning 10. Interrogating Public Debates over Jurisdictional REDD+ in California's Global Warming Solutions Act: Implications for Social Equity Libby Blanchard and Bhaskar Vira 11. Doing REDD+ Work in Vietnam: Will the New Carbon Focus Bring Equity to Forest Management? Pamela McElwee SECTION IV: REDD, RIGHTS, AND EQUITY 12. Renegotiating REDD: Beyond Social Safeguards to Social Contracts Michael Brown 13. A Win-Win Scenario? The Prospects for Indigenous Peoples in Carbon Sequestration: REDD Projects in Brazil Janet Chernela and Laura Zanotti 14. Equity Concerns During REDD+ Planning and Early Implementation: A Case from Malawi Heather Yocum 15. Lessons from Community Forestry for REDD+ Social Soundness Janis B. Alcorn SECTION V: ALTERNATIVE CONFIGURATIONS OF COMMUNITY AND GOVERNANCE 16. Empowering Forest Dependent Communities: The Role of REDD+ and PES Projects Mark Poffenberger 17. Climate Mitigation Based in Adaptation: El Salvador's Restoration of Mangrove Ecosystems, 2011-2013 Fiona Wilmot 18. A Critical Reflection on Social Equity in Ugandan Carbon Forestry Adrian Nel.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781611323337 20170213
Given the growing urgency to develop global responses to a changing climate, The Carbon Fix examines the social and equity dimensions of putting the world's forests-and, necessarily, the rural people who manage and depend on them-at the center of climate policy efforts such as REDD+, intended to slow global warming. The book assesses the implications of international policy approaches that focus on forests as carbon and especially, forest carbon offsets, for rights, justice, and climate governance. Contributions from leading anthropologists and geographers analyze a growing trend towards market principles and financialization of nature in environmental governance, placing it into conceptual, critical, and historical context. The book then challenges perceptions of forest carbon initiatives through in-depth, field-based case studies assessing projects, policies, and procedures at various scales, from informed consent to international carbon auditing. While providing a mixed assessment of the potential for forest carbon initiatives to balance carbon with social goals, the authors present compelling evidence for the complexities of the carbon offset enterprise, fraught with competing interests and interpretations at multiple scales, and having unanticipated and often deleterious effects on the resources and rights of the world's poorest peoples-especially indigenous and rural peoples. The Carbon Fix provides nuanced insights into political, economic, and ethical issues associated with climate change policy. Its case approach and fresh perspective are critical to environmental professionals, development planners, and project managers; and to students in upper level undergraduate and graduate courses in environmental anthropology and geography, environmental and policy studies, international development, and indigenous studies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781611323337 20170213
Green Library
1 online resource.
  • Foreword; Preface; Scope; Structure of the Book; Acknowledgements; Annexure; Contents; Editors and Contributors; CO2 Emission, Sequestration and Utilization: A Policy Dilemma for Energy Security; 1 CO2 Capture and Utilization for the Energy Industry: Outlook for Capability Development to Address Climate Change in India; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 1.1 CO2 Emissions from Developmental Activity-Global and India; 2 Part 1: Geo-engineering Approaches; 2.1 Atmospheric Engineering; 2.2 Ocean Engineering; 2.3 Land Engineering; 3 Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) Processes; 3.1 Capturing CO2
  • 3.2 CO2 Underground Storage4 Carbon Dioxide Utilization (CDU) Technologies; 4.1 Definition and Motivation; 4.2 CO2 Indirect Utilization; 4.3 CO2 Direct Utilization; 4.4 Current CO2 Applications for the Energy Industry; 4.5 Thermodynamic Considerations of CCU and CCS; 5 Part 2: Need for Capacity Development; 5.1 International Initiatives; 5.2 Indian Initiatives; 5.3 ACBCCS 2015 and Contents of the Book; 5.3.1 The Book on Carbon Utilization; 5.3.2 New Research on Conversion of CO2 into Electricity; 6 Conclusions; Acknowledgements; References
  • 2 Adoption and Introduction of Supercritical Technology in the Power Sector and Consequential Effects in Operation, Efficiency and Carbon Dioxide Emission in the Present ContextAbstract; 1 Background; 2 Efficiency Related Aspects; 3 Load Dispatch Philosophies; 4 Grid Connectivity and Other Related Issues; 5 Conclusions; Bibliography; 3 Low Carbon Technologies (LCT) and Carbon Capture & Sequestration (CCS)-Key to Green Power Mission for Energy Security and Environmental Sustainability; Abstract; 1 Green Power Technologies-Clean Coal and Renewable Energy; 1.1 Clean Coal Technologies
  • 1.2 Renewable Energy Technologies2 Carbon Capture & Sequestration-A Frontline Technique for Combating Climate Change; 2.1 Climate Change and Energy Generation; 2.2 Current Climate Change Policies in India and Targets; 2.3 R&D Efforts in CCS at RGPV, Bhopal; 2.4 New Dimensions-Use of Solar for Reducing Energy Penalty; 3 Conclusions; References; Terrestrial Sequestration Options for CO2; 4 Soil as Source and Sink for Atmospheric CO2; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Soil: Source and Sink of Carbon; 3 Prioritizing Areas for Carbon Sequestration in Soils; 4 Concluding Remarks; References
  • 5 Soil Carbon Stock and CO2 Flux in Different Ecosystems of North-East IndiaAbstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Soil Organic Carbon Concentration (%) Under Different Land Use Change in North-East Region; 3 Soil Organic Carbon Storage in Different Ecosystems of North-East Region; 4 Soil CO2 Flux in Different Ecosystems of North-East India; 5 Conclusions; References; 6 Baseline Data of Stored Carbon in Spinifex littoreus from Kadmath Island, Lakshadweep; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Materials and Methods; 3 Results; 4 Discussions; Acknowledgements; References
257 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • The beast awakens
  • Inside the mind of a wildfire
  • A history of fire suppression
  • Visions of the Pyrocene
  • Water on fire
  • The big smoke
  • Drought, disease, insects, and wildfire
  • Fire on ice
  • Agent of change
  • Resilience and recovery.
For two months in the spring of 2016, the world watched as wildfire ravaged the Canadian town of Fort McMurray. Firefighters named the fire "the Beast." It acted like a mythical animal, alive with destructive energy, and they hoped never to see anything like it again. Yet it's not a stretch to imagine we will all soon live in a world in which fires like the Beast are commonplace. A glance at international headlines shows a remarkable increase in higher temperatures, stronger winds, and drier lands- a trifecta for igniting wildfires like we've never seen before. This change is particularly noticeable in the northern forests of the United States and Canada. These forests require fire to maintain healthy ecosystems, but as the human population grows, and as changes in climate, animal and insect species, and disease cause further destabilization, wildfires have turned into a potentially uncontrollable threat to human lives and livelihoods. Our understanding of the role fire plays in healthy forests has come a long way in the past century. Despite this, we are not prepared to deal with an escalation of fire during periods of intense drought and shorter winters, earlier springs, potentially more lightning strikes and hotter summers. There is too much fuel on the ground, too many people and assets to protect, and no plan in place to deal with these challenges. In Firestorm, journalist Edward Struzik visits scorched earth from Alaska to Maine, and introduces the scientists, firefighters, and resource managers making the case for a radically different approach to managing wildfire in the 21st century. Wildfires can no longer be treated as unavoidable events because the risk and dangers are becoming too great and costly. Struzik weaves a heart-pumping narrative of science, economics, politics, and human determination and points to the ways that we, and the wilder inhabitants of the forests around our cities and towns, might yet flourish in an age of growing megafires.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781610918183 20171121
Science Library (Li and Ma)

5. Forest mensuration [2017]

1 online resource (xv, 613 pages)
  • Preface xiv 1 Introduction 1 1.1. Role of Forest Mensuration in Forest Management, 2 1.2. Forest Mensuration as a Tool for Monitoring Forests, 3 1.3. Relevance of Forest Mensuration for Ecology and Nontimber Resources, 4 1.4. Design and Planning of Inventories, 5 2 Principles of Measurement 13 2.1. Scales of Measurement, 14 2.2. Units of Measurement, 16 2.3. Systems of Measurement, 16 2.4. Variables, 21 2.5. Precision, Accuracy, and Bias, 21 2.6. Significant Digits and Rounding Off, 23 2.7. Data Summary and Presentation, 27 2.8. Fundamental Measurements, 30 3 Basic Statistical Concepts 34 3.1. Descriptive Statistics, 34 3.2. Frequency Distributions, 38 3.3. Measures of Central Tendency, 40 3.4. Measures of Dispersion, 42 3.5. Sampling Error, 45 3.6. Sample Size Determination, 50 3.7. Influence of Scalar Transformations and the Estimation of Totals, 52 3.8. Correlation and Regression Estimation, 53 3.9. Use of Covariates to Improve Estimation, 63 4 Land Area Determination in Forest Mensuration 67 4.1. Land Distance and Area Units, 68 4.2. Measuring Distances, 68 4.3. Measuring Area in the Field, 73 4.4. Measuring Area Using Maps and Photos, 73 4.5. Determination of Photo Scale, 76 4.6. Determination of Direction Using a Compass, 80 4.7. The U.S. Public Land Surveys, 82 4.8. Global Positioning Systems, 86 4.9. Geographic Information Systems, 89 5 Individual Tree Parameters 92 5.1. Age, 92 5.2. Tree Diameters and Cross -Sectional Areas, 95 5.3. Height, 108 5.4. Form, 121 5.5. Crown Parameters, 125 5.6. Regression and Allometric Approaches, 130 6 Determination of Tree Volume, Weight, and Biomass 135 6.1. Measurement of Individual Trees, 137 6.2. Allometric Equations for Volume, Weight, and Biomass, 156 6.3. Tabular Estimation, 160 6.4. Volume and Biomass Distribution in Trees, 167 6.5. Other Methods of Estimating Tree Content, 173 6.6. Applications to Seedlings and Understory Vegetation, 179 6.7. Applications to Snags and Down Woody Material, 179 7 Measurement of Primary Forest Products 184 7.1. Units of Measurement of Forest Products, 184 7.2. Log Rules, 186 7.3. Board Foot Log Rules, 186 7.4. Log Scaling, 195 7.5. Scaling Stacked Volume, 199 7.6. Volume Unit Conversion, 200 7.7. Scaling By Weight, 204 8 Stand Parameters 210 8.1. Age, 211 8.2. Species Composition, 212 8.3. Diameter, 219 8.4. Height, 228 8.5. Volume, Weight, and Biomass, 232 8.6. Crown and Canopy Measurements, 236 8.7. Understory and Regeneration, 239 8.8. Site Quality, 250 8.9. Density and Stocking, 259 9 Sampling Units for Estimating Parameters 273 9.1. The Factor Concept, 274 9.2. Fixed -Area Plots, 276 9.3. Sampling Trees with Variable Probability, 287 9.4. Other Examples of Variable Probability Sampling, 298 9.5. Distance -Based Sampling Units, 299 9.6. Selecting Appropriate Sampling Units, 303 10 Sampling Designs in Forest Inventories 305 10.1. Basic Considerations, 305 10.2. Simple Random Sampling (SRS), 311 10.3. Systematic Sampling (SYS), 318 10.4. Selective or Opportunistic Sampling, 326 10.5. Stratified Sampling (STS), 327 10.6. Cluster Sampling, 334 10.7. Multistage Sampling, 338 10.8. Sampling with Covariates, 343 10.9. List Sampling, 353 10.10. 3P Sampling, 357 11 Inventory of Standing Trees Using Sampling with Varying Probability 361 11.1. Horizontal Point Sampling (HPS), 362 11.2. Subsampling in HPS, 377 11.3. Other Variable Probability Sampling Techniques, 386 12 Inventory of Downed Dead Material Using Sampling with Varying Probability 393 12.1. Fixed -Area Plots, 394 12.2. Line Intersect Sampling, 398 12.3. Angle Gauge Methods, 406 12.4. Perpendicular Distance Sampling (PDS), 414 12.5. Other Methods, 425 12.6. Design Considerations and Selection of Methods, 427 13 Integrating Remote Sensing in Forest Inventory 429 13.1. Types of Remotely Sensed Data, 429 13.2. Remote Sensing for Stratification, 442 13.3. Individual Tree Measurements, 446 13.4. Remote Sensing for Covariates, 449 14 Measurement of Tree and Stand Growth 455 14.1. Individual Tree Growth, 456 14.2. Direct Measurement of Tree Growth, 460 14.3. Reconstructing Tree Growth, 465 14.4. Stand and Forest Growth, 474 14.5. Measurement of Stand and Forest Growth and Yield, 479 14.6. Considerations for the Design and Maintenance of Permanent Sample Plot Systems, 494 14.7. Growth and Yield Models, 503 Appendix 519 References 550 Index 592.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118902035 20170313
Forest mensuration the science of measurement applied to forest vegetation and forest products holds value for basic ecology as well as sustainable forest management. As demands on the world s forests have grown, scientists and professionals are increasingly called on to quantify forest composition, structure, and the goods and services forests provide. Grounded in geometry, sampling theory, and ecology as well as practical field experience, forest mensuration offers opportunities for creative problem solving and critical thinking. This fifth edition of the classic volume, Forest Mensuration, includes coverage of traditional and emerging topics, with attention to SI and Imperial units throughout. The book has been reorganised from the fourth edition to better integrate non-timber and ecological aspects of forest mensuration at the tree, stand, forest, and landscape scales throughout. The new edition includes new chapters that specifically address the integration of remotely sensed data in the forest inventory process, and inventory methods for dead and downed wood. One unifying theme, not only for traditional forestry but for the non-timber inventory and for remote sensing, is the use of covariates to make sampling more efficient and spatially explicit. This is introduced in the introductory chapter on statistics and the chapter on sampling designs has been restructured to highlight this approach and lay the foundation for further learning. New examples will be developed throughout the textbook with an emphasis on current issues and international practice. Students in applied forestry programs will find ample coverage of forest products and timber inventory, while expanded material on biodiversity, biomass and carbon inventory, downed dead wood, and the growing role of remote sensing in forest assessment will be valuable to a broader audience in applied ecology. About the Authors John A. Kershaw, Jr. Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management, University of New Brunswick, New Brunswick, Canada Mark J. Ducey, Department of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of New Hampshire, USA Thomas W. Beers, Emeritus Professor of Forestry, Purdue University, USA Bertram Husch, former Forestry Consultant at INFORA Estudios Ltda. in Santiago, Chile, and former Forest Mensurationist, FAO.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118902035 20170313
1 online resource.
  • List of Contributors xi Prologue xv 1 Introduction 1 Randall W. Myster 1.1 The Amazon 2 1.2 The Western Amazon 6 1.2.1 Case study: Sabalillo Forest Reserve 8 White-sand forest and palm forest plot studies 9 Black-water flooded forest (igapo) soil and vegetation studies 10 1.2.2 Case study: Area de Conservacion Regional Comunal de Tamshiyacu-Tahuayo 11 Plots in terra firme forest and black-water flooded forest (igapo) 11 Seed predation studies in terra firme forest and black-water flooded forest (igapo) 13 1.2.3 Case study: Centro de Investigacion de Jenaro Herrera 13 Soil sampling in various forest types 14 Seed rain sampling in various forest types 15 1.2.4 Case study: Yasuni experimental station 15 Yasuni terra firme forest studies 16 Yasuni white-water flooded forest (varzea) studies 17 1.3 About this book 19 Acknowledgements 19 References 19 2 A Floristic Assessment of Ecuador s Amazon Tree Flora 27 Juan E. Guevara, Hugo Mogollon, Nigel C. A. Pitman, Carlos Ceron, Walter A. Palacios, and David A. Neill 2.1 Introduction 27 2.2 Methods 28 2.3 Study area 29 2.3.1 Yasuni 29 2.3.2 Cuyabeno 29 2.4 Herbarium collections 30 2.5 Floristic inventories 30 2.6 Data analysis 31 2.6.1 Estimation of observed and expected tree species richness 32 2.7 Results 32 2.7.1 Observed patterns of tree species richness 32 2.7.2 Estimated number of tree species in Ecuadorian Amazonia 34 2.7.3 Floristic relationships and discontinuities at local and regional scales 36 2.8 Aguarico-Putumayo watershed 37 2.9 Napo-Curaray basin 37 2.10 Pastaza basin region 38 2.11 Cordillera del Condor lowlands 39 2.12 What factors drive gradients in alpha and beta diversity in Ecuador Amazon forests? 41 2.12.1 Climate and latitudinal and longitudinal gradients 41 2.13 The role of geomorphology and soils on the patterns of floristic change in Ecuadorian Amazonia 43 2.14 Potential evolutionary processes determining differences in tree alpha and beta diversity in Ecuadorian Amazonia 44 2.15 Future directions 47 References 48 3 Geographical Context of Western Amazonian Forest Use 53 Risto Kalliola and Sanna Maki 3.1 Introduction 54 3.2 Conditions set by the physical geography 54 3.3 Pre-Colonial human development 57 3.4 Colonial era 59 3.5 Liberation and forming of nations 63 3.6 World market integration and changing political regimes 64 3.7 Characteristics of the present forest use 67 3.8 Present population and regional integration 73 References 77 4 Forest Structure, Fruit Production and Frugivore Communities in Terra firme and Varzea Forests of the Medio Jurua 85 Joseph E. Hawes and Carlos A. Peres 4.1 Introduction 85 4.2 Methods 88 4.3 Results and discussion 91 4.4 Conclusion 94 References 94 5 Palm Diversity and Abundance in the Colombian Amazon 101 Henrik Balslev, Juan-Carlos Copete, Dennis Pedersen, Rodrigo Bernal, Gloria Galeano, Alvaro Duque, Juan Carlos Berrio, and Mauricio Sanchez 5.1 Introduction 101 5.2 Study area 102 5.3 Methods 103 5.4 Results 104 5.4.1 Palms in terra firme forests (Figure 5.2) 104 5.4.2 Palms in floodplain and terrace forests (Figure 5.6) 104 Growth forms 111 Palm architecture 111 Palm species richness (Table 5.1) 113 Palm diversity 113 Palm abundance 113 Palm leaf shape 118 5.5 Discussion 118 Acknowledgements 121 References 121 6 Why Rivers Make the Difference: A Review on the Phytogeography of Forested Floodplains in the Amazon Basin 125 Florian Wittmann and Ethan Householder 6.1 Introduction 125 6.2 The geological history of flood-pulsing wetlands in the Amazon Basin 126 6.2.1 Through the Paleogene 126 6.2.2 The Miocene 126 6.2.3 The Quaternary 127 6.3 Floodplain environments: why rivers make the difference 128 6.3.1 Trees and flooding 128 6.3.2 Trees and dispersal in semi-aquatic habitats 130 6.3.3 Trees and alluvial soils 130 6.3.4 Trees, hydro-geomorphic disturbance and light regimes 133 6.3.5 Trees and wetland microclimates 135 6.4 Conclusions 135 References 136 7 A Diversity of Biogeographies in an Extreme Amazonian Wetland Habitat 145 Ethan Householder, John Janovec, Mathias W. Tobler, and Florian Wittmann 7.1 Introduction 145 7.2 Methods 147 7.2.1 Habitat description 147 7.2.2 Vegetation sampling 147 7.3 Construction of a biogeographic framework 149 7.4 Results 150 7.5 Discussion 150 7.5.1 Insights into local assemblies 152 7.5.2 Insights into biogeographic processes 153 7.5.3 Limits of the data 154 Acknowledgements 154 References 155 8 Forest Composition and Spatial Patterns across a Western Amazonian River Basin: The Influence of Plant Animal Interactions 159 Varun Swamy 8.1 Introduction 159 8.2 Methods 162 8.2.1 Site description and history 162 8.2.2 Study design 164 8.3 Analysis 165 8.3.1 Compositional patterns 165 8.3.2 Spatial patterns 165 Intra-cohort spatial patterns 165 Inter-cohort spatial patterns 166 8.4 Results 166 8.4.1 Compositional patterns 166 8.4.2 Spatial patterns 171 Intra-cohort spatial patterns 171 8.4.3 Inter-cohort spatial patterns 172 8.5 Discussion 173 References 177 9 Bird Assemblages in the Terra Firme Forest at Yasuni National Park 181 Andres Iglesias-Balarezo, Gabriela Toscano-Montero, and Tjitte de Vries 9.1 Introduction 181 9.2 Methods 182 9.3 Results and discussion 183 References 191 10 Conclusions, Synthesis and Future Directions 195 Randall W. Myster 10.1 Conclusions 195 10.2 Synthesis 198 10.3 Future directions 200 References 201 Index 203.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119090663 20170403
The Amazon Basin contains the largest and most diverse tropical rainforest in the world. Besides the Andes and the Atlantic Ocean, the rainforest is bounded to the north by the Guiana crystalline shield and to the south by the Brazilian crystalline shield, marked at their edges by cataracts in the rivers and often dominated by grasslands. This book is motivated not just by the Amazon's scientific interest but also by its role in many ecosystem functions critical to life on Earth. These ecosystems are characterized both by their complexity and their interactive, higher-order linkages among both abiotic and biotic components. Within Amazonia, the Western Amazon (west of 65 latitude) is the most pristine and, perhaps, the most complex within the Amazon Basin. This Western Amazon may be broadly divided into non-flooded forests (e.g. terra firme, white sand, palm) and forests flooded with white water (generally referred to as varzea) and with black water (generally referred to as igapo). Here, for the first time, is a book devoted entirely to Western Amazonia, containing chapters by scientists at the forefront of their own areas of expertise. It should be a valuable resource for all future researchers and scholars who venture into Western Amazonia, as it continues to be one of the most beautiful, mysterious, remote and important ecosystems on Earth.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119090663 20170403
x, 215 pages : illustrations, map ; 22 cm.
Early descriptions of the Great Plains often focus on a vast, grassy expanse that was either burnt or burning. The scene continued to burn until the land was plowed under or grazed away and broken by innumerable roads and towns. Yet, where the original landscape has persisted, so has fire, and where people have sought to restore something of that original setting, they have had to reinstate fire. This has required the persistence or creation of a fire culture, which in turn inspired schools of science and art that make the Great Plains today a regional hearth for American fire. Volume 5 of To the Last Smoke introduces a region that once lay at the geographic heart of American fire and today promises to reclaim something of that heritage. After all these years, the Great Plains continue to bear witness to how fires can shape contemporary life, and vice versa. In this collection of essays, Stephen J. Pyne explores how this once most regularly and widely burned province of North America, composed of various sub-regions and peoples, has been shaped by the flames contained within it and what fire, both tame and feral, might mean for the future of its landscapes. Included in this volume: * How wildland and rural fire have changed from the 19th century to the 21st century* How fire is managed in the nation's historic tallgrass prairies, from Texas to South Dakota, from Illinois to Nebraska* How fire connects with other themes of Great Plains life and culture* How and why Texas has returned to the national narrative of landscape fire.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780816535125 20171204
Green Library
xx, 1029 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
212 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 24 cm
  • Prologue
  • Living fire : not your grandparents' landscape
  • Kindling : the era of suppression meets the age of drought
  • Combustion : from spark to flame to firestorm
  • Fighting fire : heroic effort and tragic loss
  • Aftermath : nature in the wake of the burn
  • Risk reduction : the art and science of prevention and treatment
  • Future fire
  • A final word.
We are living in the age of wildfire--it is changing the land, the economy, the welfare of wildlife, and the livability of the American West. Land on Fire explores the science behind wildfire and what is being done to control it.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781604697001 20180115
Green Library
101 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
xvi, 365 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Parrt I: Everybody's hometown. Yarnell Hill ; Fuses and bombs ; Prescott
  • Part II: Our greatest ally, our fiercest foe. Heartstrong ; Red Buffalo, Black Dragon ; Crazy woman ; the bigger blowup
  • Part III: The crowded forest. Mansions in the slums ; The blackline ; Slop-over ; Off to the races ; Red zones
  • Part IV: Turning up the heat. Playing with fire ; Nuclear frying pan ; The vanishing forest ; The fire-industrial complex ; High park ; Firebugs ; Forest jihad
  • Part V: Extended attack. Mountain shadows ; Firestorm ; Seeing red ; Never winter ; Black forest ; Trickle down
  • Part VI: Backfire. Frontier days ; Defusing the time bomb ; The Doce ; Where the desert breeze meets the mountain air ; The perfect firestorm ; Trigger points ; Nineteen ; Blowback.
A journalist and forest-fire expert shares his experiences in some of the world's most dangerous and remote regions to explore the rising phenomenon of large-scale fires, the damage they cause, and how they are being battled by elite firefighters.
"A brilliant exploration of the rising phenomenon of megafires--forest fires of alarming scale, intensity, and devastation--that explains the science of what is causing them and captures the danger and heroism of those who fight them. In Megafire, a world-renowned journalist and forest fire expert travels to the most dangerous and remote wildernesses, as well as to the backyards of people faced with these catastrophic conflagrations, to look at the heart of this phenomenon and witness firsthand the heroic efforts of the firefighters and scientists racing against time to stop--or at least to tame--these deadly flames. From Colorado to California, China to Canada, the narrative hopscotches the globe and takes readers to the frontlines of the battle on the ground and in the air, and in the laboratories, universities, and federal agencies where this issue of rampant wildfires and the controversial question of how best to manage them rages on. Through this prism of perspectives, Kodas zeroes in on a handful of the most terrifying and tumultuous of these environmental disasters in recent years--the Yarnell Hill Fire in Arizona that took the lives of nineteen elite "hotshot" firefighters, the Waldo Canyon Fire that overwhelmed the city of Colorado Springs--and more in a page-turning narrative that puts a face on the brave people at the heart of this issue. Megafire describes the profound impact of these fires around the world and will change the way we think about the environment and the essential precariousness of our planet."--Jacket.
Science Library (Li and Ma)
1 streaming video file (58 min.) : digital, sound, color
An overview of how this country's national forests are being managed.
xii, 331 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 23 cm
We owe much of our economic prosperity to the vast forested landscapes that cover the earth. The timber we use to build our homes, the water we drink, and the oxygen in the air we breathe come from the complex forested ecosystem that many of us take for granted. As urban boundaries expand and rural landscapes are developed, forests are under more pressure than ever. It is time to forgo the thinking that forests can be managed outside of human influence, and shift instead to management strategies that consider humans to be part of the forest ecosystem. Only then can we realistically plan for coexisting and sustainable forests and human communities in the future. In People, Forests, and Change: Lessons from the Pacific Northwest, editors Deanna H. Olson and Beatrice Van Horne have assembled an expert panel of social and forest scientists to consider the nature of forests in flux and how to best balance the needs of forests and the rural communities closely tied to them.The book considers the temperate moist-coniferous forests of the US Pacific Northwest, but many of the concepts apply broadly to challenges in forest management in other regions and countries. In the US northwest, forest ecosystem management has been underway for two decades, and key lessons are emerging. The text is divided into four parts that set the stage for forests and rural forest economies, describe dynamic forest systems at work, consider new science in forest ecology and management, and ponder the future for these coniferous forests under different scenarios. People, Forests, and Change brings together ideas grounded in science for policy makers, forest and natural resource managers, students, and conservationists who wish to understand how to manage forests conscientiously to assure their long-term viability and that of human communities who depend on them.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781610917674 20170515
ProQuest Ebook Central Access limited to 1 user
Green Library
xx, 395 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Sustainable Forest Management: From Concept to Practice John L. Innes 2. Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management John L. Innes 3. Forest Biodiversity Fred Bunnell 4. Productivity of Forest Ecosystems Juan A. Blanco, Yueh-Hsin Lo, Clive Welham, and Bruce Larson 5. Forest Ecosystem Health and Vitality Richard Hamelin and John L. Innes 6. Maintenance of Soils John L. Innes 7. Water and Watersheds R. Dan Moore, Roy C. Sidle, Brett Eaton, Gomi Takahashi and David Wilford 8. Forests and Carbon John L. Innes 9. The Changing Socio-economic Contributions of Forestry Harry Nelson, Ngaio Hotte, and Robert Kozak 10. Social, Cultural, and Spiritual (SCS) Needs and Values Janette Bulkan 11. Public Participation in Forest Land-Use Decision-Making Howard Harshaw and Hosny El-Lakany 12. Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) from an International Perspective Hosny El-Lakany 13. Addressing Social, Economic and Environmental Objectives and Values through Decision Support Systems Craig R. Nitschke, Anne-Helene Mathey, Patrick O. Waeber 14. Assessing the Quality of Forest Management Anna V. Tikina 15. Adaptive Management: a Case Study of How Some of the Principles of SFM can be Applied in Practice Fred Bunnell 16. Conclusions John L. Innes.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781844077243 20170313
Sustainable Forest Management provides the necessary material to educate students about forestry and the contemporary role of forests in ecosystems and society. This comprehensive textbook on the concept and practice of sustainable forest management sets the standard for practice worldwide. Early chapters concentrate on conceptual aspects, relating sustainable forestry management to international policy. In particular, they consider the concept of criteria and indicators and how this has determined the practice of forest management, taken here to be the management of forested lands and of all ecosystems present on such lands. Later chapters are more practical in focus, concentrating on the management of the many values associated with forests. Overall the book provides a major new synthesis which will serve as a textbook for undergraduates of forestry as well as those from related disciplines such as ecology or geography who are taking a course in forests or natural resource management.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781844077243 20170313
Science Library (Li and Ma)
x, 111 pages : illustrations (some color), 1 portrait ; 25 cm
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
1 online resource.
This book is a product of the initial phase of a broader study evaluating the voluntary and regulatory compliance protocols that are used to account for the contributions of forests in U.S.-based greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation programs. The research presented here is particularly concerned with these protocols' use of the USDA Forest Service's Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) data to describe forest conditions, ownership, and management scenarios, and is oriented towards providing regulators and other interested parties with an objective comparison of the options, uncertainties, and opportunities available to offset GHG emissions through forest management. Chapters focus on the protocols for recognizing forest carbon offsets in the California carbon cap-and-trade program, as described in the Compliance Offset Protocol; U.S. Forest Projects (California Air Resources Board, 2011).Readers will discover the protocols used for quantifying the offset of GHG emissions through forest-related project activity. As such, its scope includes a review of the current methods used in voluntary and compliance forest protocols, an evaluation of the metrics used to assign baselines and determine additionality in the forest offset protocols, an examination of key quantitative and qualitative components and assumptions, and a discussion of opportunities for modifying forest offset protocols, in light of the rapidly changing GHG-related policy and regulatory environment. Finally, the report also discusses accounting and policy issues that create potential barriers to participation in the California cap-and-trade program, and overall programmatic additionality in addressing the needs of a mitigation strategy.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319524337 20171127

17. Young men and fire [2017]

xx, 333 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, map ; 22 cm
When Norman Maclean sent the manuscript of A River Runs through It to New York publishers, he received a slew of rejections. One editor, so the story goes, replied, "It has trees in it." Forty years later, the title novella is widely recognized as one of the great American tales of the twentieth century, and Maclean as one of the most beloved writers of our time. Maclean's later triumph, Young Men and Fire, has over the decades also established itself as a classic of the American West. And with this twenty-fifth-anniversary edition, a fresh audience will be introduced to Maclean's beautiful prose and understated emotional insights. A devastating and lyrical work of nonfiction, Young Men and Fire describes the events of August 5, 1949, when a crew of fifteen of the US Forest Service's elite airborne firefighters, the Smokejumpers, stepped into the sky above a remote forest fire in the Montana wilderness. Two hours after their jump, all but three of the men were dead or mortally burned. Haunted by these deaths for forty years, in his last decades Maclean put together the scattered pieces of the Mann Gulch tragedy in Young Men and Fire, which won the National Book Critics Circle Award. This twenty-fifth-anniversary edition includes a powerful new foreword by Timothy Egan, author of The Big Burn and The Worst Hard Time. Though he grew up in the first decades of the twentieth century in the western Rockies working summers in logging camps and for the US Forest Service and cultivating a lifelong passion for the dry fly it was only at the age of seventy, as a retired English professor, that Norman Maclean discovered what he was meant to do: write. Moving and profound, Young Men and Fire honors the literary legacy of a man who improbably gave voice to an essential corner of the American soul.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780226475455 20171023
Green Library
1 online resource (x, 167 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • The Origin and Domestication of Aquilaria, an Important Agarwood-Producing Genus.- Wood Resources, Identification and Utilization of Agarwood in China.- Understanding Agarwood Formation and Its Challenges.- Development of Agarwood Induction Technology Using Endophytic Fungi.- Molecular Mechanism Studies of Terpenoid Biosynthesis in Agarwood.- Gyrinops walla: The Recently Discovered Agarwood Producing Species in Sri Lanka.- Resolution of Complex Sesquiterpene Hydrocarbons in Aquilaria malaccensis Volatile Oils Using Gas Chromatography Technique.- Pharmacological Effects of Aquilaria spp. Leaves and Their Chemical Constituents.- Acoustic-Based Technology for Agarwood Detection in Aquilaria Trees.- Keeping Up Appearances - Agarwood Grades and Quality.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811008320 20160815
This book gives readers new information to understand the mechanism of agarwood induction and therefore eradicate the myths surrounding agarwood formation. One of the challenges in conserving agarwood resources is species identification. In this book, taxonomy and systematics of agarwood-producing trees from historical and recent perspectives is discussed, and tips are given for identifying cultivated species. In addition, color illustrations are given to highlight vegetative and reproductive characteristics as well as anatomical features, for identification purposes of both plant and agarwood sources. Another challenge that planters are facing is in acquiring the correct method for agarwood induction, thus development of agarwood induction technologies will be reviewed. A chapter dedicated to bioinduction is included. The book will comprise a chapter on the use of non-destructive technology as a management tool for cultivating agarwood. The book also discusses issues relating to agarwood grades. The absence of an international standard that is acceptable by producer and consumer countries further complicates the issue. Other useful information includes a systematic revelation of agarwood constituents and their complex chemistry, and highlights on a specific pharmaceutical property.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811008320 20160815
x, 373 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Indians, non-Indians, and the American forests to 1900
  • Public forests and forests in trust : the early twentieth century
  • The Indian New Deal and the Forest Service
  • Indian use of the National Forests to 1950
  • The termination era : the 1950s and 1960s
  • Foresters and Indians in a time of ferment and renewal : the 1970s
  • Burial grounds and religious freedoms : the 1980s
  • The new forestry on National Forests and reservations : the 1990s
  • Elevating the Tribal Relations Program
  • Tribes and the Healthy Forests Initiative
  • Valuing the sacred
  • Lessons from Alaska
  • The Nez Perce tribe and the Forest Service : a case study
  • The twenty-first-century partnership.
American Indians and National Forests tells the untold story of how the U.S. Forest Service and tribal nations dealt with sweeping changes in forest use, ownership, and management over the last century and a half. Indians and U.S. foresters came together over a shared conservation ethic on many cooperative endeavors; yet, they often clashed over how the nation's forests ought to be valued and cared for on matters ranging from huckleberry picking and vision quests to road building and recreation development. All national forest lands were once Indian lands. Tribes' modern-day interests in their ancestral lands run the gamut, from asserting treaty rights to hunt and fish to protecting their people's burial grounds and other sacred places to having a say in ecological restoration. Marginalized in American society and long denied a seat at the table of public land stewardship, American Indian tribes have at last taken their rightful place and are making themselves heard. Weighing indigenous perspectives on the environment is an emerging trend in public land management in the United States and around the world. The Forest Service has been a strong partner in that movement over the past quarter century.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780816531998 20170418
Green Library
1 online resource (385 pages) : illustrations
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1. Indians, non-Indians, and the American forests to 1900
  • Chapter 2. Public forests and forests in trust : the early 20th century
  • Chapter 3. The Indian New Deal and the Forest Service
  • Chapter 4. Indian use of the national forests to 1950
  • Chapter 5. The termination era : the 1950s and 60s
  • Chapter 6. Foresters and Indians in a time of ferment and renewal : the 1970s
  • Chapter 7. Burial grounds and religious freedoms : the 1980s
  • Chapter 8. The new forestry on national forests and reservations : the 1990s
  • Chapter 9. Elevating the tribal relations program
  • Chapter 10. Tribes and the healthy forests initiative
  • Chapter 11. Valuing the sacred
  • Chapter 12. Lessons from Alaska
  • Chapter 13. The Nez Perce tribe and the Forest Service : a case study
  • Chapter 14. The 21st century partnership
  • Conclusion.
"This book tells the story of how tribal nations and the U.S. Forest Service dealt with wholesale changes in forest ownership and forest use, changes that alternately alienated Indians from foresters or brought them together in cooperative endeavors"--Provided by publisher.