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Green Library, SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
v. : ill. ; 29 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
xvi, 465 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
The green revolution in India about 50 years ago transformed India's image then as begging bowl to bread basket. This transformation during the 1960s took just about 4 years. The yield increases achieved in wheat and then in rice which occurred in just about half decade is far in excess of the yield increases during the preceding 4000 years. This remarkable feat was achieved with the leadership of the author using the dwarf wheat types which had been produced by Norman Borlaug in Mexico.The research and development of green revolution of wheat and rice at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi was led by the author along with his team of students and co-workers. He has published over 100 papers on green revolution and the ever-green revolution which is a refinement of the former. This book is a compilation of just about 40 of his numerous research papers, monographs and books published by him on this subject.The papers in this book bring out the scientific basis of the modification of the plant type so as to be responsive to exogenous addition of chemical fertilizers and irrigation. The ideal plant type enables capture of adequate sunlight and using the chemical fertilizers added to the soil, produce substantial photosynthetic starch. And because the plants have short and thick culm, they are able to withstand enormous amounts of grains in their ears. This indeed was the basis of breaking the yield barriers associated with native varieties. The book also brings out that green revolution had established the food security at the national level but not at the individual household levels of millions of resource-poor rural small and marginal farming, fishing and landless families. Further green revolution was commodity-centric and the manner of its practice led to environmental degradation and social inequities. This author realized as early as 1972 that system of agriculture in India should be designed to fight both the famines of food and rural livelihoods. In pursuit of it, this author further designed an evergreen revolution with systems approach. What this means is providing concurrent attention to ecological foundations of agriculture and the livelihoods of the rural people.The book also brings out that green revolution was a team effort involving scientists, policy makers, administrators, farmers and students. This book is an outstanding example of green revolution providing a breathing space by putting the cereal grain production rate ahead of the population growth rate and then when food security has been adequately established, the system is changed to achieve productivity in perpetuity without causing environmental and social harm.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789813200067 20170710
Green Library
1 online resource ( xxii, 397 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Part 1. Concepts.- Chapter 1. Digital Soil Mapping and Best Management of Soil Resources: A Brief Discussion with Few Case Studies.- Chapter 2. Are the Traditional Soil Analyses Will Pass into Oblivion? Adaptive Remote Sensing Approach in Support of Precision Agriculture.- Chapter 3. Site Specific Nutrient Management (SSNM) - An Unique Approach towards Maintaining Soil Health.- Chapter 4. Soil Mineralogical Perspective on Immobilization/Mobilization of Heavy Metals.- Chapter 5. Using Laboratory Analysis to Inform Adaptive Management.- Chapter 6. Microbial Proteins and Soil Carbon Sequestration.- Part 2. Adaptive Soil Management Strategies.- Chapter 7. Use of Soil Amendments in An Integrated Framework for Adaptive Resource Management in Agriculture and Forestry.- Chapter 8. Resource Conservation Technologies for Sustainable Soil Health Management.- Chapter 9. Sustainable Management of Soil Phosphorus in A Changing World.- Chapter 10. Wastewater in Agriculture: Possibilities and Limitations.- Chapter 11. Eco- friendly Nitrogen Fertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture.- Chapter 12. Scope of Natural Source of Potassium in Sustainable Agriculture.- Chapter 13. Changes in Soil-Plant-Microbes Interactions in Anticipated Climatic Change Conditions.- Chapter 14. Adaptive Soil Management-A Tool For Plant Fitness in Stressful Environment Through Microbial Integrity .- Chapter 15. Impact of Agricultural Management Practices on Mycorrhizal Functioning and Soil Micro-Biological Parameters Under Soybean-Based Cropping Systems.- Chapter 16. Bioremediation of Contaminated Soils: An Overview.- Chapter 17. Bioremediation of Soils Contaminated With Ni and Cd-An Overview.- Chapter 18. Urban Soil's Functions: Monitoring, Assessment and Management.- Part 3. Regional and Global Initiatives For Soil Resource Management.- Chapter 19. Enhancing Resource Use Efficiency Through Soil Management for Improving Livelihoods.- Chapter 20. The Relevance of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in Agricultural Sustainability of The Semi Arid Tropics.- Chapter 21. The Effects of Forest Fire on Soil Organic Matter and Nutrients in Boreal Forests of North America: A Review.- Chapter 22. Climate Mediated Changes in Permafrost and Their Effects on Natural and Human Environments.- Chapter 23. Integrated Natural resource management in India through Participatory Integrated Watershed Management.- Chapter 24. Monitoring and Assessing Anthropogenic Influence on Soil's Health in Urban Forests (The Case From Moscow City).- Chapter 25. Impacts Assessment of Municipal Solid Squander Dumping in Riparian Corridor Using Multivariate Statistical Techniques .
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811036378 20170515
The book focuses in detail on learning and adapting through partnerships between managers, scientists, and other stake-holders who learn together how to create and maintain sustainable resource systems. As natural areas shrink and fragment, our ability to sustain economic growth and safeguard biological diversity and ecological integrity is increasingly being put to the test. In attempting to meet this unprecedented challenge, adaptive management is becoming a viable alternative for broader application. Adaptive management is an iterative decision-making process which is both operationally and conceptually simple and which incorporates users to acknowledge and account for uncertainty, and sustain an operating environment that promotes its reduction through careful planning, evaluation, and learning until the desired results are achieved. This multifaceted approach requires clearly defined management objectives to guide decisions about what actions to take, and explicit assumptions about expected outcomes to compare against actual outcomes. In this edited book, we address the issue by pursuing a holistic and systematic approach that utilizes natural resources to reap sustainable environmental, economic and social benefits for adap-tive management, helping to ensure that relationships between land, water and plants are managed in ways that mimic nature.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811036378 20170515
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
205 pages ; 23 cm
  • La grande casse -- C'est la guerre -- La PAC, cette maladie contagieuse -- Des hauts et des bas, mais surtout des bas -- La compétitivité à tout prix? -- L'enjeu de la faim -- Qui représente quoi ? -- De multiples ennuis, sans cesse -- Quel modèle ? -- C'est le souk -- L'autre versant -- La faim justifie les moyens -- L'eau, une ressource qui s'évapore -- Conclusion. Branle-bas de combat -- Appendice. Déclaration de Rome sur la sécurité alimentaire mondiale. Sommet mondial de l'alimentation (1996).
"Voyage au coeur d'un système français : l'agro alimentaire. Un puissant système qui crée du gaspillage, de la surproduction, de la malnutrition et de la pollution. En 2017, l'agriculture française est entre les mains des lobbies (Lactalis, Bigard, Monsanto, Bayer). Conséquences : une utilisation intensive de pesticides, des pratiques choquantes dans la grande distribution, des organisations syndicales et coopératives qui enfoncent un peu plus les paysans dans la misère. L'agriculture française est prête à exploser ! Ce livre est un plaidoyer et une enquête qui dénonce et apporte des solutions."--Page 4 of cover."--Page 4 of cover."--Page 4 of cover.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
xv, 291 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • 1 Introduction 2 Evolution of agriculture development in India 3 Agricultural growth process 4 Agriculture growth and regional change 5 Regional dimensions of land and labour productivity 6 Regional convergence in agricultural productivity 7 Hierarchically nested agriculture regions of India 8 Agriculture growth models 9 Food production, consumption and insecurity 10 Conclusion.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138925175 20170313
Agriculture productivity, growth and regional change in post-colonial India from a spatial perspective are yet to be rigorously examined. In particular, the impacts of economic liberalisation, globalisation and deregulation are not being empirically investigated at a small-area level using advanced statistical and spatial techniques. Understanding the process of regional formation and the rapid transitioning of agricultural landscapes in the Post-Liberalisation phase is pivotal to developing and devising regional economic development strategies. This book employs advanced methods to empirically examine the key characteristics and patterns of regional change in agricultural growth and productivity. It offers insights on changes in agricultural production and practices since the colonial period through to the Post-Liberalisation phase in India. It also incorporates the key public policy debates on the progress of India's agricultural development with the aim of formulating spatially integrated strategies to reduce rapid rise in the regional convergence and to promote equitable distribution of strategic government investment.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138925175 20170313
Green Library
1 online resource (1 volume) : illustrations
1 online resource : illustrations
  • Section I: Reinventing Farming Systems 1. Introduction 2. Agroecology: Principles and Practice 3. Farming-Related Livelihoods 4. Farming Systems for Sustainable Intensification 5. Designing for the Long-term: Sustainable Agriculture Section II: Resources for Agricultural Development 6. Low-Input Technology: An Integrative View 7. Ecologically Based Nutrient Management 8. Participatory Breeding: Developing Improved and Relevant Crop Varieties With Farmers 9. Research on Livestock, Livelihoods, and Innovation Section III: Context for Sustainable Agricultural Development 10. Gender and Agrarian Inequities 11. The Innovation Systems Approach to Agricultural Research and Development 12. Outreach to Support Rural Innovation 13. Climate Change and Agricultural Systems Section IV: Tying It All Together 14. Tying It All Together: Global, Regional, and Local Integrations.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128020708 20170410
Agricultural Systems, Second Edition, is a comprehensive text for developing sustainable farming systems. It presents a synthetic overview of the emerging area of agroecology applications to transforming farming systems and supporting rural innovation, with particular emphasis on how research can be harnessed for sustainable agriculture. The inclusion of research theory and examples using the principles of cropping system design allows students to gain a unique understanding of the technical, biological, ecological, economic and sociological aspects of farming systems science for rural livelihoods. This book explores topics such as: re-inventing farming systems; principles and practice of agroecology; agricultural change and low-input technology; ecologically-based nutrient management; participatory breeding for developing improved and relevant crops; participatory livestock research for development; gender and agrarian inequality at the local scale; the nature of agricultural innovation; and outreach to support rural innovation. The extensive coverage of subjects is complemented with integrated references and a companion website, making this book essential reading for courses in international agricultural systems and management, sustainable agricultural management, and cropping systems. This book will be a valuable resource for students of agricultural science, environmental engineering, and rural planning; researchers and scientists in agricultural development agencies; and practitioners of agricultural development in government extension programs, development agencies, and NGOs.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128020708 20170410
1 online resource () : illustrations (some color).
  • Foreword; Preface; Contents; Contributors; Chapter 1: Microbial Signaling in Plant-Microbe Interactions and Its Role on Sustainability of Agroecosystems; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Signalling Molecules in Plant-Microbe Interactions; 1.3 Microbial Coordination of Complex Network Interaction Within Soil Food Web and Plant-Microbe Interactions; 1.4 Regulation of Microbial Signalling Compounds by Biotic and Abiotic Factors; 1.5 Signalling Pathways in Soil Food Web Improve Ecosystem Functioning and Sustainability; 1.6 Technical Advances in Identifying Signalling Pathways in Soil-Plant System
  • 1.7 Conclusions and Future PerspectivesReferences; Chapter 2: Exploiting Beneficial Traits of Plant-ƯAssociated Fluorescent Pseudomonads for Plant Health; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Rhizosphere and Plant-Microbe Interaction; 2.3 Mechanisms of Plant Growth Promotion; 2.3.1 Phosphate Solubilization; 2.3.2 Phytohormones; 2.3.3 Siderophores; 2.3.4 Antibiotics; 2.3.5 Enzymes; 2.3.6 Hydrogen Cyanide; 2.4 Induced Systemic Resistance; 2.5 Biological Control of Plant Pathogens; 2.6 Fluorescent Pseudomonads in Agriculture and Plant Health; 2.7 Conclusions; References
  • Chapter 3: N2-Fixing Cyanobacterial Systems as Biofertilizer3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Distribution of Cyanobacteria; 3.3 Free-Living Cyanobacteria; 3.4 Azolla-Anabaena Symbiotic System; 3.5 Artificial Cyanobacterial-Plant Association; 3.6 Molecular Signaling Mechanism; 3.7 Selection of Competent Biofertilizer Strains; 3.8 Conclusions; References; Chapter 4: Exploring the Role of Secondary Metabolites of Trichoderma in Tripartite Interaction with Plant and Pathogens; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Trichoderma Secondary Metabolites in Trichoderma-Pathogen Interaction
  • 4.3 Trichoderma Secondary Metabolites in Trichoderma-Plant Interactions4.4 Secondary Metabolites Mediated Induction of Defense Response in Plants; 4.5 Secondary Metabolites Mediated Growth Regulation in Plants; 4.6 Biosynthesized Secondary Metabolites-Based Bioformulation; 4.7 Constrains in Commercialization of Secondary Metabolites-Based Bioformulation; 4.8 Conclusions; References; Chapter 5: Managing Soil Fertility Through Microbes: Prospects, Challenges and Future Strategies; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Organisms in Soil; 5.3 Macroorganisms in Soil; 5.3.1 Earthworms; 5.3.2 Termites
  • 5.3.3 Plant Roots5.4 Microorganisms in Soil; 5.4.1 Bacteria; 5.4.2 Actinomycetes; 5.4.3 Fungi; 5.4.4 Algae; 5.4.5 Protozoa; 5.4.6 Nematodes; 5.4.7 Viruses; 5.5 Role of Organism in Soil Fertility Enhancement; 5.5.1 N Transformations; 5.5.2 Phosphorus Cycle; 5.5.3 Sulfur Cycle; 5.5.4 Other Mineral Elements; 5.6 Environmental Contaminants and Climate Change; 5.6.1 Potentially Toxic Element; 5.6.2 Chromium (Cr); 5.6.3 Cadmium (Cd); 5.6.4 Lead (Pb); 5.6.5 Mercury (Hg); 5.6.6 Arsenic (As); 5.6.7 Selenium (Se); 5.6.8 Radionuclides; 5.7 Pesticides/Insecticides/Fungicides; 5.8 Effluents
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
1 online resource () : illustrations (some color).
  • Methanotrophs: An Emerging Bioremediation Tool Due to Unique Broad Substrate Enzyme Methane Monooxygenase.- Methanotrophs: Methane Mitigation, Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment.- Prospects of Plant-Bacteria Interactions in Remediation of Metal Contaminated Soils.- Cyanoremediation: A Green-Clean Tool for Decontamination of Synthetic Pesticides from Agro- and Aquatic Ecosystems.- Aromatic Plant-Microbe Associations: A Sustainable Approach for Remediation of Polluted Soils.- Cyanobacteria-mediated bioremediation of heavy metals.- Biochar application in management of paddy crop production and methane mitigation.- Role of Rhizospheric Microbes in Heavy Metal Uptake in Metallophytes.- Role of Biosurfactants on Microbial Degradation of Oil Contaminated Soils.- Microbial Oxidation of Atmospheric Methane in Natural and Agricultural Upland Soils.- Microbial Mediated Lindane Bioremediation: A Cost Effective and Naturally Renewable Technology.- Wastewater Effluent Discharge: Impact on Human Health and Microbial Remediation.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319497266 20170410
This two-volume work is a testament to the increasing interest in the role of microbes in sustainable agriculture and food security. Advances in microbial technologies are explored in chapters dealing with topics such as plant-microbe interactions, rhizoremediation and cyanoremediation, and bio-immobilization. Volume II is a collection of research findings that invites readers to examine the application of microbes in pollution reduction, decontamination of agro- and aquatic ecosystems, and remediation of various toxic compounds. Highly readable entries attempt to close the knowledge gap between soil microbial associations and sustainable agriculture. Traditional agricultural management techniques have relied heavily on application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides; and recent land use change practices have led to over exploitation of natural resources. Strategies outlined here simplify a complicated picture of the way microbial communities can improve the quality of environment and eliminate food scarcity in the coming generations. This work is a significant contribution to research in this increasingly important discipline of soil sciences, and will appeal to researchers in microbiology, agriculture, environmental sciences, and soil and crop sciences.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319497266 20170410
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
1 online resource.
127 pages : illustrations, map ; 24 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
1 online resource.
  • Acknowledgements; Contents; Contributors; Chapter 1: Introduction; 1.1 Context and Problem; 1.2 Processes and Connectivity Concept; 1.3 Benefits of Use of Vegetation; 1.4 Approach; 1.5 Research Design and Study Area; 1.5.1 General Catchment Characteristics; 1.5.2 Monitoring Programme and Hydrological Conditions; 1.6 Conclusion; Chapter 2: Mechanisms of Degradation and Identification of Connectivity and Erosion Hotspots; 2.1 Soil Erosion and Degradation in Desertified Mediterranean Lands; 2.2 Processes; 2.3 Connectivity Concept and Methods; 2.4 Methods and Results at Various Scales
  • 2.4.1 Plot Scale2.4.2 Land Unit Scale; Reforested Land; Rainfed Cropland; Abandoned Land and Semi-Natural Areas; 2.4.3 Sub-Catchment Scale; 2.4.4 Channels; 2.4.5 Catchment; 2.5 Conclusions; Chapter 3: Conditions for Growth of Plants; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Types of Plants in Mediterranean Environment and Land Units; 3.2.1 Reforested Lands; 3.2.2 Rainfed Croplands; 3.2.3 Abandoned Lands; 3.2.4 All Land Units; 3.2.5 Hillslopes and Gullies; 3.2.6 Channels; 3.3 Assessment of Conditions for Plants; 3.3.1 Reforested Lands; 3.3.2 Croplands
  • 3.3.3 Semi-Natural and Abandoned Lands3.3.4 Channels; 3.4 Summary of Results on Required Conditions and Implications for Restoration; Chapter 4: Effectiveness of Plants and Vegetation in Erosion Control and Restoration; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Land Units; 4.2.1 Cover Crops; Identification of a Climatic Threshold; Experimental Field Study; Water Balance and Runoff Modelling; 4.2.2 Semi-Natural, Abandoned and Reforested Lands; 4.3 Role of Plants in Reducing Concentrated Flow Erosion Rates; 4.3.1 Laboratory and Flume Experiments; Results; 4.3.2 Field Measurements
  • 4.3.3 Assessment of Stem Density and Trapping Effectiveness4.3.4 Laboratory Root Tensile Strength and Stem Bending Tests; 4.3.5 Synthesis; 4.4 Effects of Vegetation in Channels; 4.4.1 Roughness and Hydraulics; 4.5 Summary; Chapter 5: Synthesis and Application of Spatial Strategies for Use of Vegetation to Minimise Connectivity; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Application at Hierarchical Scales; 5.2.1 Land Unit Scale; Reforested Lands; Rainfed Croplands; Semi-Natural and Abandoned Lands; 5.2.2 Hillslopes and Gullies; 5.2.3 Channels; 5.2.4 Catchment Scale and Synthesis
  • 5.3 Guidelines5.4 Summary; 5.5 Wider Application and Global Implications; References
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
xxviii, 289 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
  • 1Conservation Agriculture in Africa: An Overview Chapter 2Weather-Proofing Agriculture with Conservation Agriculture Chapter 3Conservation Agriculture: Growing more with less - the future of sustainable intensification Chapter 4Empowering Smallholder Farmers with Profitable and Sustainable Farming using Conservation Agriculture - the Case of East Africa Chapter 5Implementing the Principles of Conservation Agriculture in Malawi: Crop Yields and Factors Affecting Adoption Chapter 6Innovation Systems and farmer perceptions regarding Conservation Agriculture in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique Chapter 7Conservation Agriculture in North Africa: Experiences, Achievements and Challenges Chapter 8How Can We Cover Millions of Hectares with Conservation Agriculture in Africa? Chapter 9Climate-Smart push-pull - A conservation agriculture technology for food security and environmental sustainability in Africa Chapter 10How to Make Conservation Agriculture Ever Green Chapter 11Mechanization of smallholder Conservation Agriculture in Africa: contributing resilience to precarious systems Chapter 12Conservation Agriculture in South Africa: Lessons from Case Studies Chapter 13Extending Conservation Agriculture benefits through Innovation Platforms Chapter 14Summing Up.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780645681 20170220
This book assesses the latest trends in the adoption of conservation agriculture. Focusing on the most recent technologies to improve agricultural resilience to climate change, as well as increase profitability and sustainability, it takes a continental and sub-regional approach to African agriculture. Covering climate-proofing, resilience, sustainable intensification, and the extension and adoption process for new techniques, this book is a vital resource for researchers of agriculture and sustainability.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780645681 20170220
Green Library
xxiii, 224 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
  • Notes on Contributors xiii Preface xxi Acknowledgments xxiii 1 Global Risks, Conservation, and Criminology 1 Meredith L. Gore 1.1 Conservation Crimes Are a Global Problem 1 1.2 Three Foundational Fields of Conservation Criminology 4 1.3 Foundation 1: Natural Resource Management and Policy 4 1.3.1 Different Values Underlie Natural Resource Management and Conservation 4 1.3.2 The Precautionary Principle and Prevention 6 1.3.3 Community Based Conservation 6 1.3.4 Protected Areas 7 1.4 Foundation 2: Criminology, Crime Science, and Criminal Justice 8 1.4.1 Opportunity Structures of Crime 9 1.4.2 Crime Prevention 10 1.4.3 Criminological Typologies 11 1.5 Foundation 3: Risk and Decision Science 11 1.5.1 Risk Assessment and Perception 13 1.5.2 Risk Communication 14 1.5.3 Risk Governance 14 1.6 Combining the Three Foundations: Conservation Criminology 15 1.6.1 Strengths 16 1.6.2 Shortcomings 16 1.7 How to Do Conservation Criminology 17 1.8 Roadmap 18 References 20 Part I Conceptual Advancements in Conservation Criminology 2 Conservation Crime Science 27 Jessica S. Kahler and Meredith L. Gore 2.1 Exploitation of Natural Resources in a Globalized World 27 2.2 The Limits of Criminology for Conservation Practice 28 2.3 Overcoming the Limits of Criminology with Crime Science 30 2.4 State of Knowledge: Conservation Criminology and Conservation Crime Science 31 2.4.1 Describing the Literature 32 2.5 Limitations 36 2.6 Utility of Using Conservation Crime Science 37 2.7 Setting Expectations for Conservation Crime Science 38 2.8 Conclusion 39 References 41 3 Deterrence, Legitimacy, and Wildlife Crime in Protected Areas 45 William D. Moreto and Jacinta M. Gau 3.1 Wildlife Crime in Protected Areas 46 3.2 Criminological and Criminal Justice Perspectives on Deterrence 46 3.2.1 Theoretical Foundations 46 3.3 Empirical Findings 48 3.4 Limitations with Deterrence based Approaches in Protected Areas 48 3.5 Legitimacy and Its Role in Establishing Normative and Instrumental Forms of Compliance in Conservation 51 3.6 Alternatives to Deterrence Based Approaches 52 3.6.1 Enhancing Legitimacy 52 3.7 Future Considerations 53 References 54 Part II Case Studies and Examples 4 Governance for Conservation Risks and Crime 61 Mark A. Axelrod, Austin Flowers, Katherine Groff, and Julia Novak Colwell 4.1 Defining Governance 61 4.2 General Concepts of Governance for Conservation Risks 62 4.3 Strict Enforcement by Official Authorities and Governments 63 4.4 International Movement of Electronic Waste 63 4.5 Regulatory Efforts to Limit E waste Trade 65 4.6 People Centered Approaches Focused Local Livelihoods 67 4.7 Limits to Enforcement Actions in Chiquibul National Park, Belize 68 4.8 Limits of Alternative Livelihood Strategies 68 4.9 Unintended Effects and Collateral Impacts of Conservation Governance 69 4.10 Conclusion 71 References 71 5 Gaining Compliance and Cooperation with Regulated Wildlife Harvest 77 Brent A. Rudolph and Shawn J. Riley 5.1 Importance of Compliance and Cooperation 78 5.2 What Drives Violations of Natural Resource Regulations? 80 5.3 Unintentional Violations 81 5.4 Intentional Violations 81 5.5 Violations Motivated by Direct Personal Gains 82 5.6 Violations Motivated by Indirect Personal Gains 83 5.7 Violations and Instrumental Judgments of Government Policy and Regulators 84 5.8 Violations and Normative Influence 85 5.9 What Drives Cooperation? 86 5.10 Considerations for Increasing Compliance and Cooperation 87 5.10.1 Applying Regulations to Influence Compliance 88 5.10.2 Applying Economic Instruments to Influence Compliance and Cooperation 89 5.10.3 Applying Communication to Influence Compliance and Cooperation 90 5.10.4 Communication to Influence Instrumental Judgments 90 5.10.5 Communication to Influence Behavior Through Norms 91 5.10.6 Communication to Influence Procedural Justice 91 5.11 Conclusion 92 References 92 6 Corruption and Organized Crime in Conservation 97 Aksel Sundstrom and Tanya Wyatt 6.1 Connecting Corruption and Organized Crime to Conservation 99 6.1.1 Defining Corruption and Organized Crime 99 6.1.2 The Role and Extent of Corruption and Organized Crime in Conservation Crime 100 6.1.3 Why do Environmental Black Markets Exist? 102 6.2 Case Study on Abalone Poaching 102 6.2.1 The Context of Bureaucratic Corruption and Presence of Criminal Groups 102 6.2.2 The Investigation 104 6.2.3 Non Corrupt Inspectors are Threatened 104 6.3 Case Study on Illegal Trade in Russian Raptors 105 6.4 A Policy Oriented Discussion of Solutions 107 6.4.1 Supporting Non Corrupt Officials That Receive Threats 107 6.4.2 Complement Merit Based Reforms with External Monitoring Mechanisms 107 6.4.3 Public Awareness Campaigns May Help Decrease Demand for Illicit Goods 108 6.4.4 A Cooperative Network Approach to Combating Organized Crime 109 6.5 Conclusion 109 References 110 7 Problem Oriented Policing for Natural Resource Conservation 115 Mark C. G. Gibson 7.1 What is Problem Oriented Policing? 115 7.2 The Opportunity for POP in Natural Resource Management 119 7.3 A Case Study of Australian Commonwealth Fisheries Management 120 7.3.1 The Australian Fisheries Management Authority 120 7.3.2 Scanning 123 7.3.3 Analysis 124 7.3.4 Response 125 7.3.5 Assessment 126 7.4 Adapting POP for More Effective Conservation 127 7.5 Conclusion 129 References 129 8 Exploring the Sociology of Wildlife Tourism, Global Risks, and Crime 133 Jessica Bell Rizzolo 8.1 Wildlife Tourism 134 8.1.1 Types of Wildlife Tourism 134 8.1.2 Benefits of Wildlife Tourism Link Biodiversity Conservation and Livelihood Preservation 134 8.1.3 Risks Associated with Wildlife Tourism 135 8.2 Conservation Criminology and Wildlife Tourism 136 8.2.1 Natural Resources Management and Conservation Biology 137 8.2.2 Risk and Decision Science 137 8.2.3 Criminology 138 8.3 Theoretical Insights on Wildlife Tourism from Sociology 139 8.3.1 Wildlife Tourism and Power 139 8.3.2 Authenticity as a Sociological Aspect of Tourism 141 8.4 Elephant Tourism and Crime in Thailand 144 8.4.1 Elephant Tourism in Thailand 144 8.4.2 Wild Live Elephant Trafficking 144 8.4.3 Illegal Ivory Trade 145 8.4.4 Animal Welfare 145 8.4.5 Elephant Tourism and Crime: Insights From Conservation Criminology and Sociological Theory 148 8.5 Conclusion 150 References 151 Part III Models and Innovations 9 Technological Innovations Supporting Wildlife Crime Detection, Deterrence, and Enforcement 157 Heidi Kretser, Emma Stokes, Serge Wich, David Foran, and Alexa Montefiore 9.1 Challenges for Wildlife Crime Detection and Enforcement 158 9.2 Technological Advances in Conservation 160 9.3 Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool (SMART) 161 9.3.1 Limitations of SMART Technology and Opportunities for Future Improvements 163 9.4 Conservation Drones 164 9.4.1 Limitations of Drone Technology and Opportunities for Future Improvements 166 9.5 Mobile Device Applications 167 9.5.1 Limitations of Mobile App Technology and Opportunities for Future Improvements 168 9.6 Conservation Forensics 171 9.6.1 Limitations of Forensic Technology and Opportunities for Future Improvements 173 9.7 Conclusion 174 References 175 10 PAWS: Game Theory Based Protection Assistant for Wildlife Security 179 Fei Fang, Benjamin Ford, Rong Yang, Milind Tambe, and Andrew M. Lemieux 10.1 Applying Game Theoretic Analysis to Poaching 180 10.2 Modeling Human Behavior to Create Optimal Patrol Strategies 181 10.3 Domain Feature Modeling 181 10.4 The Genesis of PAWS from Synthesizing Conservation, Computer Science, and Criminology 182 10.4.1 Describing the Poaching Domain to Create Patrols that Prevent Poaching 184 10.5 The PAWS Model 185 10.5.1 The Basis of Game Theoretic Analysis in PAWS 186 10.5.2 Modeling Human Behavior for PAWS 188 10.5.3 Incorporating Learning into the Behavioral Model 189 10.6 PAWS Learn 189 10.6.1 Domain Feature Modeling 190 10.7 Discussion 192 References 193 11 Estimating Poaching Opportunity and Potential 197 Adrian Treves, Christine Browne-Nunez, Jamie Hogberg, Jens Karlsson Frank, Lisa Naughton-Treves, Nicole Rust, and Zachary Voyles 11.1 Understanding Attitudes and Behaviors of Realized and Potential Poachers 198 11.2 Social Psychological Approaches for Understanding the Potential to Poach 200 11.3 Case Study on Wolf Poaching 200 11.3.1 Theoretical Approach and Sampling 200 11.3.2 Methods 203 11.3.3 Study Site 203 11.3.4 Study Respondents 204 11.3.5 Survey Items 204 11.3.6 Inclination to Poach 205 11.3.7 Modeling Potential to Poach 205 11.4 Results 206 11.4.1 Potential to Poach 206 11.4.2 Effects on Wolf Population 207 11.4.3 Implications for Theory and Practice 207 11.4.4 Deer Hunters 208 11.4.5 Complainant Sample 209 11.5 Theoretical Considerations on the Causes of Poaching 210 References 212 Index 217.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118935484 20170703
This important new text introduces conservation criminology as the interdisciplinary study of environmental exploitation and risks at the intersection of human and natural systems. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the book enhances understanding of the various human and organizational behaviors that pose risks to the environment, humans, and drive conservation crime. As human population growth, global market economies, climate change, deforestation, and illegal exploitation of natural resources continue to increase, academic research from numerous disciplines is needed to address these challenges. Conservation Criminology promotes thinking about how unsustainable natural resources exploitation is a cause and a consequence of social conflict. Case studies profiled in the book demonstrate this cause and effect type situation, as well as innovative approaches for reducing risks to people and the environment. This text encourages readers to consider how humans behave in response to environmental risks and the various mechanisms that constitute effective and ineffective approaches to enforcement of wildlife crimes, including environmental and conservation policy. Case studies from the USA, Latin America, Africa, and Asia highlight corruption in conservation, global trade in electronic waste, illegal fishing, illegal logging, human-wildlife conflict, technology and space, water insecurity, wildlife disease, and wildlife poaching. Taken together, chapters expand the reader s perspective and employ tools to understand and address environmental crimes and risks, and to provide novel empirical evidence for positive change. With established contributors providing interdisciplinary and global perspectives, this book establishes a foundation for the emerging field of conservation criminology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118935484 20170703
Science Library (Li and Ma)
175 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Introducción
  • Capítulo I Ténicas para la cosecha del agua de lluvia y captación de nieblas en las zonas alto andinas
  • Capítulo II beneficios a lograrse
  • Capítulo III Modelo de un desarrollo rural integrado
  • Biblioigrafía.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
xxiv, 271 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Foreword Jose Graziano da Silva Foreword M.S. Swaminathan 1. Past, Present and the Future of Agriculture 2. Agricultural Heritage and Sustainable Food Systems 3. A View to Protecting and Safeguarding our Heritage 4. Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems: Concept and the Initiative 5. Dynamic Conservation of GIAHS 6. Lessons Learned, Experiences and Impacts 7. GIAHS are Around Us: Sites and Systems of Interest 8. Final Reflection and Key Messages.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138204157 20170410
Contemporary agriculture is often criticized for its industrial scale, adverse effects on nutrition, rural employment and the environment, and its disconnectedness from nature and culture. Yet there are many examples of traditional smaller scale systems that have survived the test of time and provide more sustainable solutions while still maintaining food security in an era of climate change. This book provides a unique compilation of this forgotten agricultural heritage and is based on objective scientific evaluation and evidence of the value of these systems for present and future generations. The authors refer to many of these systems as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) and show how they are related to the concepts of heritage and the World Heritage Convention. They demonstrate how GIAHS based on family farms, traditional indigenous knowledge and agroecological principles can contribute to food and nutrition security and the maintenance of agro-biodiversity and environmental resilience, as well as sustain local cultures, economies and societies. Two substantial chapters are devoted to descriptions and assessments of some 50 examples of designated and potential GIAHS from around the world, including rice-fish culture in China, mountain terrace systems in Asia, coffee agroforestry in Latin America, irrigation systems and land and water management in Iran and India, pastoralism in East Africa, and the dehesa agrosilvopastoral system of Spain and Portugal. The book concludes by providing policy and technical solutions for sustainable agriculture and rural development through the enhancement of these systems.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138204157 20170410
Science Library (Li and Ma)
ix, 307 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : color illustrations, map ; 25 cm
  • Introduction
  • Paved and hallowed. Manhattan
  • Mexico City
  • London
  • Northern Virginia
  • Gettysburg
  • Farmed and wild. Bishopstone
  • Soil
  • Ames
  • Grass
  • The sandhills
  • Hell and sacred. Appalachia
  • Treblinka
  • Alaska
  • The Sierra Nevada
  • Home.
"When a teaspoon of soil contains millions of species, and when we pave over the earth on a daily basis, what does that mean for our future? What is the risk to our food supply, the planet's wildlife, the soil on which every life-form depends? Who much undeveloped, untrodden ground do we even have left? Paul Bogard set out to answer these questions in The Ground Beneath Us, and what he discovered is astounding. From New York (where more than 118,000,000 tons of human development rest on top of Manhattan Island) to Mexico City (which sinks inches each year into the Aztec ruins beneath it), Bogard shows us the weight of our cities' footprints. And as we see hallowed ground coughing up bullets at a Civil War battlefield; long-hidden remains emerging from below the sites of concentration camps; the dangerous, alluring power of fracking; the fragility of the giant redwoods, our planet's oldest living things; the surprises hidden under a Major League ballpark's grass; and the sublime beauty of our few remaining wildest places, one truth becomes blazingly clear-- the ground is the easiest resource to forget, and the last we should. Bogard's The Ground Beneath Us is deeply transporting reading that introduces farmers, geologists, ecologists, cartographers, and others in a quest to understand the importance of something too many of us take for granted-- dirt. From growth and to death and loss, and from the subsurface technologies that run our cities to the dwindling number of idyllic Edens that remain, this is the fascinating story of the ground beneath our feet.-- Dust jacket.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
1 online resource.
  • 1. Introduction 2. Plastic Film Production 3. Plastic Mulches for the Production of Vegetable Crops 4. Row Covers 5. Drip Irrigation 6. High Tunnels 7. Plastics in Greenhouse Production 8. Horticulture Plastics 9. Plastics in Animal Production 10. Disposal of Plastics.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081021705 20170515
The use of plastics in agriculture - to increase crop output, improve food quality and improve sustainability - has grown substantially in both quantity and the range of applications. Many of the early researchers that conducted field research in the use of plastics in agriculture have either retired or are deceased. These early pioneers in plasticulture research, the basis of plant production using plastics, were very creative and persistent in discovering uses of plastics in agricultural applications. A Guide to the Manufacture, Performance, and Potential of Plastics in Agriculture contains both references not only to their accomplishments but also their publications. The book discusses plasticulture-the basis of plant production using plastics - including topics such as plastic mulch, row covers, drip irrigation, and high/low tunnels. It covers the process of producing polyethylene and polypropylene plastics that are used in plant and animal production agriculture, and the many uses of plastics in all aspects of agriculture, including plastic greenhouses, rigid mold plastics, disposal of plastics, and plastics in animal production. This book introduces a range of academics and industrial practitioners to the impact of plastics in agriculture, both historically and in a range of current applications. It also provides new perspectives on future developments to enable further research and application. It is an invaluable reference on the use of polyethylene, polypropylene films, and such products in all aspects of agricultural production.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081021705 20170515
1 online resource () : illustrations.
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