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Green Library
Journal/Periodical
v. : ill. ; 29 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
1 online resource.
  • Preface; Contents; Influence of Chemical Additives and Flyash on the Swelling and Bearing Resistance of Expansive Subgrade Soil; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Materials Used and Experimental Methods; 2.1 Natural Soil; 2.2 Flyash; 2.3 Aluminum Chloride; 2.4 Sample Preparation and Curing; 2.5 Methods of Testing; 3 Results and Discussion; 3.1 Effect of Additives on Consistency Limits; 3.2 Effect of Additives on Swell Properties; 3.3 California Bearing Ratio; 4 Conclusion; References; Characterization of Unsaturated Shrink-Swell Soils Properties in Egypt; Abstract; 1 Introduction
  • 2 Laboratory Investigations2.1 Natural Soil Samples; 2.2 Bentonite-Silty Clay Soil Mixtures; 3 Testing Program; 3.1 Soil Index Properties; 3.2 Moisture Diffusion and Volume Change Properties; 4 Results and Discussion; 4.1 Soil Shrink-Swell Index; 4.2 Soil Swell Limit; 4.3 Suction Compressibility Index; 4.4 Soil Coefficients of Unsaturated Diffusivity; 4.5 Soil Swell Potential; 5 Model Verification; 6 Conclusions; References; Strength Property of Expansive Soils Treated with Bagasse Ash and Lime; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Materials and Experimental Work; 2.1 Materials
  • 2.2 Mixture Preparation2.3 The Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS) Tests; 2.4 Effect of Wetting-Drying Cycles on UCS; 3 Results and Discussion; 3.1 Effect of Bagasse Ash Curing Time on UCS; 3.2 Effect of Bagasse Ash on Durability; 4 Conclusions; References; Stabilization of an Expansive Soil Using Alkali Activated Fly Ash Based Geopolymer; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Materials and Methods; 2.1 Material Characterization; 2.2 Sample Preparation and Testing; 3 Results and Discussions; 3.1 Unconfined Compressive Strength of Expansive Soil Fly Ash Mixture
  • 3.2 Unconfined Compressive Strength of Alkaline-Activated Fly Ash Treated Samples3.3 Effect of Percentage of Water on UCS of Fly Ash Treated Samples; 3.4 Effect of Activator/Ash Ratio; 3.5 Mineralogical Studies; 3.6 Rheological Study; 3.6.1 Setting Time; 4 Conclusions; References; Determination of Shrinkage Properties of Clayey Soils by the Image Analysis Technique; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Materials and Methods; 3 Results and Discussion; 4 Conclusion; References; Effect of Cement on Suction and Pore Size Distribution Before and After Swelling of a Natural Clay from Algeria; Abstract
  • 1 Introduction2 Site Location and Geotechnical Identification; 2.1 Clayey Soil Identification; 2.2 Cement; 3 Sample Preparations; 4 Results and Discussion; 4.1 Effect of Cement on Suction; 4.2 Effect of Cement on Swelling; 4.3 Effect of Cement on Pore Distribution Before and After Swelling; 5 Conclusion; References; Treatment of Collapsible Soils by Cement Using the Double Consolidation Method; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Experimental Work; 2.1 Materials; 3 Results and Discussion; 3.1 Untreated Samples; 4 Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References
Book
1 online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • ""Preface""; ""Organization""; ""General Chairs""; ""Program Co-chairs""; ""Organizing Committee""; ""Program Committee""; ""Additional Reviewers""; ""Sponsors""; ""Contents""; ""Knowledge Inference from a Small Water Quality Dataset with Multivariate Statistics and Data-Mining""; ""Abstract""; ""1 Introduction""; ""2 Background""; ""2.1 Data Source and Study Area""; ""3 Methods""; ""4 Experimental Setup and Results""; ""4.1 Assessment of the Water Quality Profile with Principal Components and Factor Analysis""
  • ""4.2 Assessment of the Water Quality Profile with Cluster Analysis and Decision Tree""""5 Conclusions and Future Work""; ""Acknowledgement""; ""References""; ""A Multiscale Based Rainfall Amount Prediction Using Multiple Classifier System""; ""Abstract""; ""1 Introduction""; ""2 Related Work""; ""3 Materials and Methods""; ""3.1 Predictors""; ""3.2 Data Collection""; ""3.3 Data Pre-processing""; ""4 Results""; ""5 Conclusions""; ""Acknowledgements""; ""References""; ""Characterization in the Visible and Infrared Spectrum of Agricultural Crops from a Multirotor Air Ve ... ""; ""Abstract""
  • ""1 Introduction""""2 Background""; ""3 Technology and Method""; ""4 Conclusions""; ""Acknowledgements""; ""References""; ""Cover Missions Planning for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles""; ""Abstract""; ""1 Introduction""; ""2 Coverage Path Planning (CPP)""; ""2.1 Wavefront Expansion""; ""2.2 Spanning Tree Coverage""; ""2.3 Path Transform: Sunshine""; ""3 Testing Coverage Path""; ""3.1 Obtained Results""; ""4 Conclusions""; ""Acknowledgement""; ""References""; ""Impact of Climate Change on Soil Organic Carbon Content on Agricultural Soils of Mexico""; ""Abstract""; ""1 Introduction""
  • ""2 Methodology""""2.1 Database of Precipitation, Temperature and Monthly Potential Evapotranspiration for the Climate Influence Areas of the Country for the Base and the Climate Change Scenarios""; ""2.2 Estimation of the Mineralization Dynamics of Soil Organic Matter in the Agricultural Land of Mexico Considering the Climate Change Scenarios""; ""2.2.1 The Carbon Accounting Model of the IPCC (2006), Is Represented in the Following Formula""; ""2.2.2 FAO Model of Soil Organic Matter Decline in the Land Degradation Process (Ortiz et al. 1994)""; ""3 Results""; ""4 Conclusions""
This book presents novel communication technology solutions to address the effects of climate change and climate variability on agriculture, with a particular focus on those that increase agricultural production. It discusses decision support and early warning systems for agriculture; information technology (IT) supporting sustainable water management and land cover dynamics; predictive of crop production models; and software applications for reducing the effects of diseases and pests on crops. Further topics include the real-time monitoring of weather conditions and water quality, as well as food security issues. Featuring the proceedings of the International Conference of ICT for Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change (AACC'17), held on November 22-24, 2017, in Popayan, Colombia, the book represents a timely report and a source of new ideas and solutions for both researchers and practitioners active in the agricultural sector around the globe.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319701868 20180319
Book
1 online resource.
  • Direct Shear Testing of Sand - Geotextile InterfacesConsideration of geosynthetic tension in interpretation of data from inclined plane testsStress -Strain Behaviour of Sand with Disc Plate-Shaped ReinforcementSwelling and Shrinkage Behaviour of Expansive Soil Blended with Lime and FibresFEASIBILITY OF UTILIZATION OF METALIZED PLASTIC WASTE IN COHESION-LESS SOILComparison of geotextile-reinforced and geogrid-reinforced flexible pavements by numerical analyses.Study on square footing resting on prestressed geotextile reinforced sandNumerical Studies on Ground Improvement Using Geosynthetic Reinforced Sand LayerBearing capacity prediction of inclined loaded strip footing on reinforced sand by ANNSoft Soil Improvement with Conventional and Geogrid-encased Stone Piles under an EmbankmentAnalysis and Design of Piled Geogrid-Reinforced-Earth EmbankmentCase Study on GeoTrel (R) Reinforced Earth (R) Steepened Slopes on Soft Founding Soils for the Approach of Major Bridge over River Kaljani at CoochBehar in West Bengal, IndiaPrediction of Ultimate Bearing Capacity of Eccentrically Loaded Rectangular Foundations using ANN.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319635699 20171127
Soil reinforcement is a very useful technique to construct several cost-effective soil structures in an environmentally friendly and sustainable manner. The most commonly used reinforcement materials are galvanised steel strips, geosynthetics in the form of woven geotextiles, geogrids and geocomposites, and fibres from natural and waste products. In recent years, there have been advances in the area of soil reinforcement, especially in the utilization of the technique in field projects. The researchers have also been working to understand the behaviour of reinforced soil considering the field challenges of reinforced soil structures. This edited volume contains contributions on advances in reinforced soil structures, mainly flexible pavements, footings, embankments, stone columns/piles, and slopes, as covered in the subject areas of geosynthetic engineering and fibre-reinforced soil engineering. The first paper by Ioannis N. Markou presents the details of sand-geotextile interaction based on interface tests with conventional and large-scale direct shear equipment. The second paper by Atef Ben Othmen and Mounir Bouassida examines the interface properties of geosynthetic reinforcement by carrying out inclined plane tests under low confinement adapted to landfill covers conditions. The third paper by J.N. Jha, S.K. Shukla, A.K. Choudhary, K.S. Gill1 and B.P. Verma deals with the triaxial compression behaviour of soil reinforced with steel and aluminium solid plates in horizontal layers. The fourth paper by M. Muthukumar and S.K. Shukla describes the swelling and shrinkage behaviour of expansive soil blended with lime and fibres. The fifth paper by S.G. Shah, A.C. Bhogayata and S.K. Shukla provides the test results of shear strength of cohesionless soil reinforced with metalized plastic waste. The sixth paper by Bouacha Nadjet compares the geotextile-reinforced and geogrid-reinforced flexible pavements based on numerical analyses. The seventh paper by S. Kumar, C.H. Solanki, J.B. Patel, P.B. Sudevan and P.M. Chaudhary reports the results of laboratory model tests carried out on a square footing resting on prestressed geotextile reinforced sand. The eighth paper by Sanoop G and Satyajit Patel presents the numerical studies on ground improvement using geosynthetic reinforced sand layer. The ninth paper by ------------------- discusses the bearing capacity prediction of inclined loaded strip footing on reinforced sand by ANN. The tenth paper by Mohamad B.D. Elsawy presents the numerical simulation of an embankment, constructed on reinforced soft soil with conventional stone piles. The eleventh paper by N.O. Sheta and R.P. Frizzi deals with the analysis, design, construction and monitoring of a geosynthetics-reinforced-earth pile-supported embankment serving as an access road. The twelfth paper by S. Banerjee, A. Adhikari, S. Chatterjee and D. Das provides the details of a case study on reinforced slope on soft soil for the approach of a major bridge. We do hope the researchers and the engineers may find the contributions in this volume very useful. This volume is part of the proceedings of the 1st GeoMEast International Congress and Exhibition on Sustainable Civil Infrastructures, Egypt 2017.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319635699 20171127
Book
1 online resource.
  • Introduction Cyndi Spindell Berck, Peter Berck, Salvatore Di Falco, and Poojan Thakrar Part I: Climate Science, Agronomic and Agro-Ecological Factors Understanding Adaptation to Climate Change Peter Berck Mapping Vulnerability to Climate Change of the Farming Sector in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia: A Micro-level Perspective Zenebe Gebreegziabher, Alemu Mekonnen, Rahel Deribe, Jonse Bane, and Samuel Abera Zewdie Climate Change and Food Security in Kenya Jane Kabubo-Mariara and Millicent Kabara. Part II: On-farm Practices Related to Food Crop Productivity Adaptation to Climate Change in Sub-Saharan Agriculture: Assessing the Evidence and Rethinking the Drivers Salvatore Di Falco Maize Intensification among Smallholder Farmers in Kenya: Understanding the Impacts of Climate Martina Bozzola, Melinda Smale and Salvatore Di Falco Adaptation to Climate Change by Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania Coretha Komba and Edwin Muchapondwa Risk Preferences and the Poverty Trap: A Look at Farm Technology Uptake amongst Smallholder Farmers in the Matzikama Municipality Hafsah Jumare, Martine Visser and Kerri Brick Good Things Come in Packages: Sustainable Intensification Systems for Smallholder Farmers Cyndi Spindell Berck and Hailemariam Teklewold Part III: On-farm Practices Other Than Those Related to Food Crop Productivity Climate Change Adaptation and Livestock Activity Choice in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia: An Economic Analysis Tsegazeab Gebremariam and Zenebe Gebreegziabher The Distributive Effect and Food Security Implications of Biofuels Investment in Ethiopia: A CGE Analysis Zenebe Gebreegziabher, Alemu Mekonnen, Tadele Ferede, Fantu Guta, Joergen Levin, Gunnar Koehlin, Tekie Alemu, and Lars Bohlin Climate Change and Post-Harvest Agriculture Martin J. Chegere Part IV: Gender Issues Contribution of Small-Holder Agriculture to Daily Calories, Macro-Nutrients, Minerals and Vitamins in Male- and Female-Headed Farm Households in Sub-Saharan Africa Byela Tibesigwa, Martine Visser, Razack Lokina, and Richard Zadocky Jacob Gender-differentiated Impacts of Climate Variability in Ethiopia: A Micro-Simulation Approach Tesfamicheal Wossen Part V: The Broader Development Context The Land Certification Program in Ethiopia: A Review of Achievements, Constraints and Opportunities Mintewab Bezabih Ayele and Hailu Elias Migration as an Adaptation Strategy to Weather Variability: An Instrumental Variables Probit Analysis Yonas Alem, Mathilde Maurel, and Katrin Millock A Changing Climate in a Changing Land Cyndi Spindell Berck, Peter Berck, and Tyler N. Jacobson Part VI: Conclusion and Policy Implications Conclusion Cyndi Spindell Berck, Peter Berck, Salvatore Di Falco, and Poojan Thakrar.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781351369503 20180416
A changing climate is likely to have a drastic impact on crop yields in Africa. The purpose of this book is to document the effects of climate change on agriculture in Africa and to discuss strategies for adaptation to hotter weather and less predictable rainfall. These strategies include promoting opportunities for farmers to adopt technologies that produce optimal results in terms of crop yield and income under local agro-ecological and socioeconomic conditions. The focus is on sub-Saharan Africa, an area that is already affected by changing patterns of heat and rainfall. Because of the high prevalence of subsistence farming, food insecurity, and extreme poverty in this region, there is a great need for practical adaptation strategies. The book includes empirical research in Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and other Sub-Saharan countries, and the conclusion summarizes policy-relevant findings from the chapters. It is aimed at advanced students, researchers, extension and development practitioners, and officials of government agencies, NGOs, and funding agencies. It also will provide supplementary reading for courses in environment and development and in agricultural economics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781351369503 20180416
Book
xv, 437 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Introduction Cyndi Spindell Berck, Peter Berck, Salvatore Di Falco, and Poojan Thakrar Part I: Climate Science, Agronomic and Agro-Ecological Factors Understanding Adaptation to Climate Change Peter Berck Mapping Vulnerability to Climate Change of the Farming Sector in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia: A Micro-level Perspective Zenebe Gebreegziabher, Alemu Mekonnen, Rahel Deribe, Jonse Bane, and Samuel Abera Zewdie Climate Change and Food Security in Kenya Jane Kabubo-Mariara and Millicent Kabara. Part II: On-farm Practices Related to Food Crop Productivity Adaptation to Climate Change in Sub-Saharan Agriculture: Assessing the Evidence and Rethinking the Drivers Salvatore Di Falco Maize Intensification among Smallholder Farmers in Kenya: Understanding the Impacts of Climate Martina Bozzola, Melinda Smale and Salvatore Di Falco Adaptation to Climate Change by Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania Coretha Komba and Edwin Muchapondwa Risk Preferences and the Poverty Trap: A Look at Farm Technology Uptake amongst Smallholder Farmers in the Matzikama Municipality Hafsah Jumare, Martine Visser and Kerri Brick Good Things Come in Packages: Sustainable Intensification Systems for Smallholder Farmers Cyndi Spindell Berck and Hailemariam Teklewold Part III: On-farm Practices Other Than Those Related to Food Crop Productivity Climate Change Adaptation and Livestock Activity Choice in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia: An Economic Analysis Tsegazeab Gebremariam and Zenebe Gebreegziabher The Distributive Effect and Food Security Implications of Biofuels Investment in Ethiopia: A CGE Analysis Zenebe Gebreegziabher, Alemu Mekonnen, Tadele Ferede, Fantu Guta, Joergen Levin, Gunnar Koehlin, Tekie Alemu, and Lars Bohlin Climate Change and Post-Harvest Agriculture Martin J. Chegere Part IV: Gender Issues Contribution of Small-Holder Agriculture to Daily Calories, Macro-Nutrients, Minerals and Vitamins in Male- and Female-Headed Farm Households in Sub-Saharan Africa Byela Tibesigwa, Martine Visser, Razack Lokina, and Richard Zadocky Jacob Gender-differentiated Impacts of Climate Variability in Ethiopia: A Micro-Simulation Approach Tesfamicheal Wossen Part V: The Broader Development Context The Land Certification Program in Ethiopia: A Review of Achievements, Constraints and Opportunities Mintewab Bezabih Ayele and Hailu Elias Migration as an Adaptation Strategy to Weather Variability: An Instrumental Variables Probit Analysis Yonas Alem, Mathilde Maurel, and Katrin Millock A Changing Climate in a Changing Land Cyndi Spindell Berck, Peter Berck, and Tyler N. Jacobson Part VI: Conclusion and Policy Implications Conclusion Cyndi Spindell Berck, Peter Berck, Salvatore Di Falco, and Poojan Thakrar.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138555976 20180416
A changing climate is likely to have a drastic impact on crop yields in Africa. The purpose of this book is to document the effects of climate change on agriculture in Africa and to discuss strategies for adaptation to hotter weather and less predictable rainfall. These strategies include promoting opportunities for farmers to adopt technologies that produce optimal results in terms of crop yield and income under local agro-ecological and socioeconomic conditions. The focus is on sub-Saharan Africa, an area that is already affected by changing patterns of heat and rainfall. Because of the high prevalence of subsistence farming, food insecurity, and extreme poverty in this region, there is a great need for practical adaptation strategies. The book includes empirical research in Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and other Sub-Saharan countries, and the conclusion summarizes policy-relevant findings from the chapters. It is aimed at advanced students, researchers, extension and development practitioners, and officials of government agencies, NGOs, and funding agencies. It also will provide supplementary reading for courses in environment and development and in agricultural economics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138555976 20180416
Green Library
Book
xix, 306 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Agricultural Development and Sustainable Intensification: Technology and Policy Innovations Udaya Sekhar Nagothu, Esther Bloem and Andrew Borrell 2. Save and Grow: Translating Policy Advice into Field Action for Sustainable Intensification of Rice Production Jan Willem Ketelaar, Alma Linda M Abubakar, Pham Van Du, Cahyana Widyastama, Avakat Phasouysaingam, Jesse Binamira, and Ngo Tien Dung 3. Sustainable Intensification and maize value chain improvements in Sub-Saharan Africa Isaiah Nyagumbo, Mehreteab Tesfai, Udaya Sekhar Nagothu, Peter Setimela, James K.Karanja, Munyaradzi Mutenje, and Connie Madembo 4. The role of wheat in global food security Maricelis Acevedo, Jason D. Zurn, Gemma Molero, Pawan Singh, Xinyao He, Meriem Aoun, Philomin Juliana, Harold Bockleman, Mike Bonman, Mahmoud El-Sohl, Ahmed Amri, Ronnie Coffman, and Linda McCandless 5. Innovative practices in potato production for food and nutrition security Ngo Tien Dung, Udaya Sekhar Nagothu, Alma Linda M. Abubakar, Jan Willem Ketelaar and Mehreteab Tesfai 6. Pulses-Millets crop diversification by smallholders and their potential for sustainable food and nutrition security Mehreteab Tesfai, Udaya Sekhar Nagothu and Asfaw Adugna 7. Global challenges in today's horticulture and prospects offered by protected vegetable cultivation Hugo Despretz, Warwick Easdown and Mansab Ali 8. Sustainable crop-livestock intensification in the Sub-Saharan Africa: Improving productivity through innovative adaptation Donald M.G. Njarui, Mupenzi Mutimura, Elias M. Gichangi and Sita R. Ghimire 9. Community-driven approaches to sustainable intensification in river deltas: Lessons from the Ganges and Mekong Rivers Douglas J. Merrey, Manoranjan K. Mondal, Chu Thai Hoanh, Elizabeth Humphreys and Nga Dao 10. Sustainable agriculture intensification: Innovations to strengthen extension services and market linkages Udaya Sekhar Nagothu and Allison Morrill Chatrchyan 11. Multi-level policy measures to support sustainable agriculture intensification for smallholders Allison Morrill Chatrchyan, Christina Yin, Emmanuel Torquebiau and Udaya Sekhar Nagothu 12. Summary, technology and policy options Udaya Sekhar Nagothu.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138300590 20180709
Sustainable Intensification (SI) has recently emerged as a key concept for agricultural development, recognising that yields must increase to feed a growing world population, but it must be achieved without damage to the environment, on finite land resources and while preserving social and natural capital. It also recognises that all initiatives must cope with the challenges of climate change to agricultural production, food security and livelihoods. This multidisciplinary book presents state-of-the-art reviews of current SI approaches to promote major food crops, challenges and advances made in technology, and the institutional and policy measures necessary to overcome the constraints faced by smallholder farmers. Adressing the UN's Sustainable Development Goal 2, the various chapters based on evidence and experiences of reputed researchers show how these innovations, if properly nurtured and implemented, can make a difference to food and nutrition security outcomes. Case studies from around the world are included, with a particular emphasis on Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The focus is not only on scientific aspects such as climate-smart agriculture, agroecology and improving input use efficiency and management, but also on institutional and policy challenges that must be met to increase the net societal benefits of sustainable agricultural intensification. The book is aimed at advanced students and researchers in sustainable agriculture and policy, development practitioners, policy makers and non-governmental and farmer organisations.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138300590 20180709
Green Library
Book
xix, 265 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa uses a longitudinal cross-country comparative approach to contribute to the understanding of smallholder agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. Relying on unique household level data collected in six African countries since 2002, it addresses the dynamics of intensification and diversification within and outside agriculture in contexts where women have much poorer access to agrarian resources than men. Despite a growing interest in smallholder agriculture in Africa, this interest has not been matched by the research on the subject. While recent policies focus on reducing poverty through encouraging smallholder agriculture, there are few studies showing how livelihoods have changed since this time, and especially how such changes may have affected male and female headed households differently. Moreover, agriculture is often viewed in isolation from other types of income generating opportunities, like small scale trading. Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa looks at how livelihoods have changed over time and how this has affected the relationship between agricultural and non-agricultural sources of livelihoods. In general, women have much poorer access to agricultural sources of income, and for this reason the interplay between farm and non-farm sources of income is especially important to analyse. Providing suggestions for more inclusive policies related to rural development, this edited volume outlines current weaknesses and illustrates potential opportunities for change. It offers a nuanced alternative to the current dominance of structural transformation narratives of agricultural change through adding insights from gender studies as well as village-level studies of agrarian development. It positions change in relation to broader livelihood dynamics outside the farm sector and contextualises them nationally and regionally to provide a necessary analytical adaption to the unfolding empirical realities of rural Africa.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198799290 20180319
Green Library
Book
1 online resource.
  • Part I: Technological Advances for Sustainable Agricultural Practices. A Fuzzy Approach in Categorizing Ripeness of Citrus Suhuensis Using Selected Optical Indices. Automated Visible Color Spectrum Model for Recognizing Ripeness of Citrus Suhuensis. Effect of Temperature on the Life Performance of Tropical Cladoceran, Ceriodaphnia cornuta from Tasik Elham, Perlis. Semantic Multi-Modality Ontology Image Retrieval with Relevance Feedback for Herbal Medicinal Plant. Effects of Diets Containing Effective Microorganisms (EM) on Growth Performance, Worm Burden, Hematological and Biochemical Analysis in Female Goats. RFID Application Development for Livestock Monitoring System. Part II: Molecular Aspect of Natural Biodiversity. PV92, ACE and TPA25 Alu Insertion Polymorphism in Kelantan Malays Subethnic Group. Screening and Isolation of Locally Thermophilic Facultative Anaerobe Bacteria for Biosurfactant Production. Toxicity Effects of Dimethoate and Chlorpyrifos on Esterase in Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Preliminary Study of Human Earprints: Method Development on Sampling and Enhancement Technique of Earprint on Non-Porous Surface. Influence of Diclofenac on Development Rates of Forensic Blowfly Chrysomya megacephala. The Effect of Mandibular Angulation on Gonial Angle and Tooth Length Measurement of Dental Panoramic Radiographs. Part III: Renewable Products from Agricultural and Natural Sources. Screening of the Best Carbon and Nitrogen Sources for Pseudomonas aeruginosa as a Potential Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) and Rhamnolipids Producer. Survivability Characteristics of Bifidobacterium Spp. Isolates from New Borne Muconium and Breast Fed/Formulated Infant Faeces in Acidic-Simulated Intestinal Conditions. Antioxidant and Anti-Bacterial Potential of Lichen Species from Malaysia. Part IV: Sustainable Synthesis and Production of Advanced Organomaterials. Synthesis of Unnatural Amino Acids: Betulinic Acid Peptides as Bioactive Molecules. Synthesis of Enantiopure Azido Trimethylsiloxy Cyclohexene Derivatives: A Useful Intermediates for the Synthesis of Tamiflu. Synthesis of Amino-Based Metal Organic Framework (MOF) in Oxidative Catalysis. Conductivity Studies of Schiff Base Ligands Derived from Phenylenediamine Derivatives.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781771884495 20180319
This book focuses on cutting-edge advances and applications in tropical agriculture and bioresources. It outlines some of the newest advances, basic tools, and the applications of novel approaches to improve agricultural practices and utilization of bioresources for the enhancement of human life. Highlights include a thorough discussion on various aspects of agricultural modernization through technological advances in information technology, efficient utilization of under-exploited natural bioresources, new chemical approaches for the generation of novel biochemicals, and the applications of forensic and genetics approaches for bioresource conservation.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781771884495 20180319
ProQuest Ebook Central Access limited to 3 simultaneous users
Book
xviii, 630 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Chapter 1: Introduction.- Chapter 2: A Short History of the Evolution of the Climate Smart Agriculture Approach and its Links to Climate Change and Sustainable Agriculture Debates.- Chapter 3:Economics of Climate-Smart Agriculture.- Chapter 4: Innovation in Response to Climate Change.- Chapter 5: Use of Satellite Information on Wetness and Temperature for Decision of Crop Yield Prediction, River Discharge and Planning.- Chapter 6: Early Warning Techniques for Local Climate Resilience: Smallholder Rice in Lao PDE.- Chapter 7 : Farmers' Perceptions of and Adaptations to Climate Change in Southeast Asia: The Case Study from Thailand and Vietnam.- Chapter 8: U.S. Maize Yield Growth and Countervailing Climate Change Impacts.- Chapter 9: Understanding Tradeoffs in the Context of Farm-Scale Impacts: An Application of Decision-Support Tools for Assessing Climate Smart Argiculture.- Chapter 10: Can Insurance Help Manage Climate Risk and Food Insecurity?: Evidence from the Pastoral Regions of East Africa.- Chapter 11: Can Cash Transfer Programs Promote Household Resilience?: Cross-Country Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa.- Chapter 12: Input Subsidy Programs and Climate Smart Agriculture.- Chapter 13: Robust Decision Making for a Climate-Resilient Development of the Agricultural Sector in Nigeria.- Chapter 14: Using AgMIP Regional Integrated Assessment Methods to Evaluate Vulnerability, Resilience and Adaptive Capacity for Climate Smart Agricultural Systems.- Chapter 15: Climate Smart Food Supply Chains in Developing Countries in an Era of Rapid Dual Change in Agrifood Systems and the Climate.- Chapter 16: The Adoption of Climate Smart Agriculture: The Role of Information and Insurance under Climate Change.- Chapter 17: A Qualitative Evaluation of CSA Options in Mixed Crop-Livestock Systems in Developing Countries.- Chapter 18: Identifying Strategies to Enhance the Resilience of Smallholder Farming Systems: Evidence of Zambia.- Chapter 19: Climate Risk Management Through Sustainable Land and Water Management in Sub-Saharan Africa.- Chapter 20: Improving the Resilience of Central Asian Agriculture to Weather Viability and Climate Change.- Chapter 21: Managing Environmental Risk in the Presence of Climate Change: The Role of Adaption in the Mile Basin of Ethiopia.- Chapter 22: Diversification as Part of a CSA Strategy: The Cases of Zambia and Malawi.- Chapter 23: Economic Analysis of Improved Smallholder Paddy and Maize Production in Northern Vietnam and Implications for Climate-Smart Agriculture.- Chapter 24: Synthesis: Devising Effective Strategies and Policies for CSA.- Chapter 25: Conclusions and Policy Implications.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319611938 20180416
This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO license. The book uses an economic lens to identify the main features of climate-smart agriculture (CSA), its likely impact, and the challenges associated with its implementation. Drawing upon theory and concepts from agricultural development, institutional, and resource economics, this book expands and formalizes the conceptual foundations of CSA. Focusing on the adaptation/resilience dimension of CSA, the text embraces a mixture of conceptual analyses, including theory, empirical and policy analysis, and case studies, to look at adaptation and resilience through three possible avenues: ex-ante reduction of vulnerability, increasing adaptive capacity, and ex-post risk coping. The book is divided into three sections. The first section provides conceptual framing, giving an overview of the CSA concept and grounding it in core economic principles. The second section is devoted to a set of case studies illustrating the economic basis of CSA in terms of reducing vulnerability, increasing adaptive capacity and ex-post risk coping. The final section addresses policy issues related to climate change. Providing information on this new and important field in an approachable way, this book helps make sense of CSA and fills intellectual and policy gaps by defining the concept and placing it within an economic decision-making framework. This book will be of interest to agricultural, environmental, and natural resource economists, development economists, and scholars of development studies, climate change, and agriculture. It will also appeal to policy-makers, development practitioners, and members of governmental and non-governmental organizations interested in agriculture, food security and climate change.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319611938 20180416
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
1 online resource.
  • Chapter 1: Introductory overview of the projected distress.- Chapter 2: Water requirements for prevailing cropping pattern.- Chapter 3: Prevailing cropping pattern in Egypt.- Chapter 4: Cropping pattern to increase food security.- Chapter 5: Cropping pattern to face water scarcity.- Chapter 6: Cropping pattern to face salinity stress.- Chapter 7: Future water requirements for prevailing cropping pattern.- Chapter 8: Cropping pattern to face climate change stress.- Chapter 9: Crops Intensification Rate under the Proposed Cropping Patterns.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319698793 20180213
This book provides state-of-the art analysis, never done before in Egypt, on agro-climatic zones level. This study deals with how the national cropping pattern can be modified to overcome abiotic stresses, such as water scarcity, induced salinity and climate change to reduce their negative effects on food production. To this end, different cropping patterns are suggested. This study can be a framework for other developing countries to be used in quantifying and filling the gap in their knowledge about practices that can help in increasing their food security through increasing food production. Furthermore, the study is useful for policy makers to help them in their future plans and policies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319698793 20180213
ProQuest Ebook Central Access limited to 3 simultaneous users
Book
xxi, 134 pages, 24 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
Conservationist Fannye Cook (1889-1964) was the most widely known scientist in Mississippi and was nationally known as the go-to person for biological information or wildlife specimens from the state. This biography celebrates the environmentalist instrumental in the creation of the Mississippi Game and Fish Commission (now called the Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks) and the Mississippi Museum of Natural Science.To accomplish this feat, Cook led an extensive grassroots effort to implement game laws and protect the state's environment. In 1926 she began traveling the state at her own expense, speaking at county fairs, schools, and clubs, and to county boards of supervisors on the status of wildlife populations and the need for management. Eventually she collected a diverse group of supporters from across the state. Due to these efforts, the legislature created the Mississippi Game and Fish Commission in 1932. Thanks to the formation of the Works Progress Administration in 1935, Cook received a WPA grant to conduct a comprehensive plant and animal survey of Mississippi. Under this program, eighteen museums were established within the state, and another one in Jackson, which served as the hub for public education and scientific research.Fannye Cook served as director of the Mississippi Museum of Natural Science until her retirement in 1958. During her tenure, she published many bulletins, pamphlets, scientific papers, and the extensive book, Freshwater Fishes of Mississippi.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781496814128 20180625
Green Library
Book
1 online resource.
  • Section 1: Injecting Artificial Intelligence into Governmental Systems 1. A Day in the Life of a Federal Analyst and a Federal Contractor 2. Disseminating Government Data Effectively in the Age of Open Data 3. Machine Learning for the Government: Challenges and Statistical Difficulties 4. Making the Case for Artificial Intelligence at the Government: Guidelines to Transforming Federal Software Section 2: Governmental Data Science Solutions Around the World 5. Agricultural Data Analytics for Environmental Monitoring in Canada 6. France's Governmental Big Data Analytics: From Predictive to Prescriptive Using R 7. Agricultural Remote Sensing and Data Science in China 8. Data Visualization of Complex Information Through Mind Mapping in Spain and the European Union Section 3: Federal Data Science Use Cases at the US Government 9. A Deployment Life Cycle Model for Agricultural Data Systems Using Kansei Engineering and Association Rules 10. Federal Big Data Analytics in the Health Domain: An Ontological Approach to Data Interoperability 11. Geospatial Data Discovery, Management, and Analysis at National Aeronautics and Space Administration 12. Intelligent Automation Tools and Software Engines for Managing Federal Agricultural Data 13. Transforming Governmental Data Science Teams in the Future.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128124437 20180213
Federal Data Science serves as a guide for federal software engineers, government analysts, economists, researchers, data scientists, and engineering managers in deploying data analytics methods to governmental processes. Driven by open government (2009) and big data (2012) initiatives, federal agencies have a serious need to implement intelligent data management methods, share their data, and deploy advanced analytics to their processes. Using federal data for reactive decision making is not sufficient anymore, intelligent data systems allow for proactive activities that lead to benefits such as: improved citizen services, higher accountability, reduced delivery inefficiencies, lower costs, enhanced national insights, and better policy making. No other government-dedicated work has been found in literature that addresses this broad topic. This book provides multiple use-cases, describes federal data science benefits, and fills the gap in this critical and timely area. Written and reviewed by academics, industry experts, and federal analysts, the problems and challenges of developing data systems for government agencies is presented by actual developers, designers, and users of those systems, providing a unique and valuable real-world perspective.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128124437 20180213
Book
164 pages : illustrations, map ; 22 cm.
  • The premise
  • The setting
  • Crops
  • Animals on the farm
  • Care of the soil
  • Water
  • Farm infrastructure
  • Tools and machines
  • Energy
  • Productivity
  • Economics
  • The social context
  • The farmers
  • Putting the pieces together.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xiii, 96 pages : illustrations ; 19 cm
  • Totality: A foreword / Terry Tempest Williams
  • Watershed
  • An enduring responsibility
  • A chart for rough water
  • Strategies for the future of conservation
  • Toward a unified vision
  • Resilience.
This is a turbulent time for the conservation of America's natural and cultural heritage. From the current assaults on environmental protection to the threats of climate change, biodiversity loss, and disparity of environmental justice, the challenges facing the conservation movement are both immediate and long term. In this time of uncertainty, we need a clear and compelling guide for the future of conservation in America; a declaration to inspire the next generation of conservation leaders. This is that guide--what the authors describe as "a chart for rough water." Written by the first scientist appointed as science advisor to the director of the National Park Service and the eighteenth director of the National Park Service, this is a candid, passionate, and ultimately hopeful book. The authors describe a unified vision of conservation that binds nature protection, historical preservation, sustainability, public health, civil rights and social justice, and science into common cause--and offer real-world strategies for progress. To be read, pondered, debated, and often revisited, The Future of Conservation in America is destined to be a touchstone for the conservation movement in the decades ahead.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780226542058 20180326
Green Library
Book
1 online resource.
  • Intro; Title page; Table of Contents; Copyright; List of Contributors; Preface; Chapter 1: Soil Carbon in the World: Ecosystem Services Linked to Soil Carbon in Forest and Agricultural Soils; Abstract; Soil Organic Carbon in the World; Ecosystem Services: An Introduction; Soil Ecosystem Services; Soil Organic C Properties; Soil Ecosystem Services Linked to Soil Carbon; Conclusions; Chapter 2: Soil Organic Matter in Dryland Ecosystems; Abstract; Introduction; Soil Organic Matter Stocks in Drylands; Natural Factors Affecting Soil Organic Matter in Drylands
  • Management Activities Affecting Soil Organic Matter in DrylandsVulnerability of Soil Organic Matter in Drylands to Global Change; Practices to Restore, Preserve, and Augment Soil Organic Matter in Drylands; Concluding Remarks; Acknowledgments; Chapter 3: Clay Minerals-Organic Matter Interactions in Relation to Carbon Stabilization in Soils; Abstract; Introduction; Classification of Clay Minerals Relevant to Soil C Protection; Comparison of C Protection Capacity of Clay Minerals; Mechanisms of OC Protection by Clay Minerals; Environmental Sensitivity to C Protection Capacity of Clay Minerals
  • ConclusionsAcknowledgments; Chapter 4: The Molecular Composition of Humus Carbon: Recalcitrance and Reactivity in Soils; Abstract; Introduction; Advances in the Supramolecular Structure of Humus; The Soil Humeome Characterized by Humeomics; The Humeome as Soil C: Recalcitrance, Hydrophobicity, and Humification; Techniques of Humus Stabilization in Soil; Carbon Sequestration by Chemical Protection in Humified Domains; Carbon Sequestration by Photopolymerization of Humic Molecules Under Biomimetic Catalysis; Conclusions; Chapter 5: SOM and Microbes-What Is Left From Microbial Life; Abstract
  • IntroductionHumic Substances and Soil Organic Matter; Background: Role of Microorganisms as Biocatalysts and Bulk Contributors; Fate and Turnover Analyses of Microbial Biomass; Implications of the Microbial Necromass-Matrix Stabilization Concept; Factors and Mechanisms Causing Persistence of Microbial Necromass and SOM; Perspective-Impact of the Necromass Concept Upon Process Understanding; Acknowledgment; Chapter 6: Microbial Control of Soil Carbon Turnover; Abstract; Introduction; Soil Microorganisms in Relation to C Cycling Processes; Microbial Community Composition and Soil C Dynamics
  • Priming EffectIncorporation of Microbial Parameters Into Soil C Modeling; Conclusions and Future Research Directions; Acknowledgments; Chapter 7: Recycling of Organic Wastes to Soil and Its Effect on Soil Organic Carbon Status; Abstract; Introduction; Organic Wastes and Pretreatment Options; Which Options for Waste Utilization Do We Have?; Quality Criteria for the Use of Wastes; Global Change Aspects; Soil Sustainability; Chapter 8: Soil Erosion and C Losses: Strategies for Building Soil Carbon; Abstract; Soil Erosion: Rates and C Dynamics; Causes and Impact of Soil Erosion and C Loss
Book
463 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (chiefly color) ; 24 cm
  • 1946-1968 -- De l'urgence alimentaire à l'impératif de productivité : la recherche au service du "progrès" -- La résurgence de la question des subsistances dans la première moitié du XXe siècle -- La France de l'entre-deux-guerres : une grande nation agricole en panne d'ambition scientifique et de stratégie économique -- La gestation d'un ordre alimentaire mondial dans le chaos de la Seconde Guerre mondiale -- Urgence alimentaire et réorientations stratégiques dans l'Europe de l'immédiat après-guerre -- La puissance américaine et l'impératif géopolitique de l'alimentation des nations européennes -- Ouvrir l'agriculture à la productivité : la voie américaine du "progrès" -- Le défi de l'Inra à sa création : réinventer la recherche agronomique française -- Des sols, des serres et des étables pour soutenir le modèle de la recherche-expérimentation -- Importer et adapter la science internationale -- Dirigisme économique et mobilisation scientifique pour une réorientation de l'agriculture française -- Acteur zélé mais secondaire du redressement productif -- L:Inra se fait une place dans l'économie politique du productivisme -- Le "moment Mendès France" : une ouverture inespérée -- Le temps du volontarisme gaullien : une place de choix pour la recherche orientée -- Le fort soutien de la nouvelle Délégation générale à la recherche scientifique et technique -- L'heure de la construction européenne -- Un institut en ordre de bataille pour une conception intégrée de l'innovation agronomique -- L'esprit de conquête vient à la recherche agronomique -- Les puissants alliés modernistes et planificateurs de l'Inra -- L'Inra, entre technoscience et biopouvoir : la loi sur l'élevage de 1966 -- Au tournant des années 1960-1970 : le cap des tempêtes -- 1969-1989 -- La recherche agronomique dans la mue libérale des sociétés industrialisées -- L'Inra face au choix de l'industrialisation de l'alimentation -- Le leitmotiv politique de la "science efficace" -- L'Inra, laboratoire d'un système agroalimentaire en expansion -- Sciences de l'animal et industriels face à la massification de l'alimentation carnée -- EInra affirme son expertise sur les questions alimentaires -- La recherche agronomique, entre défi bioscientifique et enjeux systémiques -- La question environnementale à l'agenda de la recherche agronomique -- L'objectivation scientifique de la qualité d'origine : recherches et initiatives locales -- Recherche et vulgarisation technique : repenser la diffusion du "progrès" -- Le saut qualitatif de la biologie moléculaire -- Crise et refondation de la gouvernance de la recherche agronomique -- Réinventer le dialogue avec l'État -- L'Inra, laboratoire de la refondation de la politique nationale de la recherche dans l'après 1981 -- Les biotechnologies, fer de lance de l'innovation agronomique -- Biologie moléculaire et industrialisation du vivant -- L'Inra dans la mobilisation nationale en faveur de l'innovation biotechnologique -- Nouveaux territoires, nouvelles échelles pour la politique scientifique de l'Inra -- Untrospection et réajustements -- L'Inra à l'heure de la régionalisation des politiques publiques -- La sortie du pré carré national : l'atout européen, la contrainte transatlantique -- 1990-2012
  • La recherche agronomique à l'heure de la globalisation agricole, alimentaire et environnementale -- La recherche agronomique française dans la nouvelle économie de la connaissance -- Les risques de marginalisation et de délitement de la culture agronomique -- L'Inra à la recherche d'une boussole -- L'Inra en quête d'un nouveau contrat social -- La redéfinition de la raison scientifique de la recherche agronomique -- La rénovation du dialogue avec la société et avec les régions -- Du local au global : l'environnement à l'Inra à partir de la Conférence de Rio de 1992 -- La recherche au temps des crises sanitaires : l'acclimatation de l'Inra au mode de la controverse -- La vache folle : crise sanitaire et contestation de la modernité alimentaire -- Les organismes génétiquement modifiés : les biosciences dans l'arène du débat public -- Vers une nouvelle culture de l'action : l'inscription des attentes de la société dans le système de recherche -- La réforme de 1997-1998 et ses suites : refonder et réorienter -- La redéfinition de l'expertise scientifique -- L'Inra modernise sa gouvernance stratégique -- L'entrée de l'Inra dans une science de l'action globalisée -- L'institutionnalisation du tripode "agriculture, alimentation, environnement" -- La reconfiguration des périmètres scientifiques -- Une science intégrée pour une projection internationale -- LEurope, espace de déploiement de la recherche finalisée d'excellence -- Dans la tourmente des réformes du système de recherche national : anticiper et maîtriser le changement institutionnel -- Entre écologie et agriculture, l'émergence d'une nouvelle mission régalienne -- Ressources et subsistances à l'heure de la planétarisation des systèmes alimentaires -- L'Inra à la croisée des chemins du changement global -- Index des noms cités -- Bibliographie indicative.
"Alors que le monde industrialisé pensait en avoir fini avec la question des subsistances, la Seconde Guerre mondiale replace l'agriculture et l'alimentation au coeur des enjeux de la reconstruction. L'Europe de l'Ouest, ravagée et affaiblie, se tourne alors vers les États-Unis pour penser une modernisation capable de fonder une nouvelle expansion. En France, l'après-guerre est ainsi le théâtre d'une profonde transformation du monde rural sous l'effet de la diffusion volontariste du "progrès", instrument d'une mise à niveau de la productivité agricole au service de la restauration de la position française dans le monde. Dans ce contexte, la création en 1946 de l'Institut national de la recherche agronomique (Inra) constitue un moment crucial de la rencontre entre science et politique, dans la quête d'une voie de développement qui mobilise les outils des sciences du vivant pour en rationaliser l'exploitation. D'abord conçu comme un institut de recherche et d'expérimentation dévolu à la seule agriculture, l'Inra élargit peu à peu ses missions, déployant des compétences nouvelles sur les industries agroalimentaires, la nutrition, la biologie moléculaire ou encore l'environnement. Serviteur zélé des politiques publiques de modernisation, 'Institut s'affirme dans le concert des grands opérateurs de recherche, aux côtés du CNRS, de l'Inserm et de l'Institut Pasteur. Mais confronté à l'essor de la recherche privée, à l'effacement du volontarisme d'État et à la montée de la contestation des sciences et des techniques, il se trouve précocement contraint, dans les années 1980 et surtout 1990, à repenser en profondeur son identité et son rôle, dans la prise de conscience croissante de l'interconnexion des questions agricoles, alimentaires et environnementales. Au coeur des enjeux de l'économie de la connaissance du monde contemporain, la trajectoire historique de l'Inra représente une véritable énigme, observatoire privilégié de la genèse d'une gouvernance globale du vivant et de la sécurité alimentaire. Fondé sur une documentation originale et sur un recours à la mémoire des acteurs, le présent ouvrage constitue la première synthèse historique sur cet organisme de recherche."--Page 4 of cover.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
1 online resource.
  • Innovation Platforms as a Tool to Support Technological Change in the Agri-Food Sector in Developing Countries: A Case Study of the Plantain Value Chain in Côte d'Ivoire / Euphrasie CM Angbo-Kouakou, Ludovic Temple, Syndhia Mathé, Alexandre Assemien
  • Biotechnological Cotton in Burkina Faso: An Innovation Trajectory in a Development Context / Eveline MFW Compaoré Sawadogo
  • Emergence of a Biofuel Innovation System and Production in Burkina Faso: An Analysis of the Determinants and Challenges for its Development / Salif Derra, Ludovic Temple
  • Trajectories of Innovation in Conservation Agriculture at Lake Alaotra in Madagascar / Eric Penot, Valentin Fevre, Patricia Flodrops
  • Ecological Transition of an Innovation Model: Yam Seed Production in Haiti / James Boyer, Ludovic Temple
  • Diversity of Innovation Processes in the Niayes Market Gardening System (Senegal): Between Conventional Intensification and Agro-Ecological Transition / Patrick Dugué, Isabelle Michel, Victor Kettela, Serge Simon
  • Food Challenges in Africa / Jean-Marc Boussard.
Book
1 online resource.
  • 1 Management of Soil Problems: An Introduction 1.1 `Problem Soils' and soil problems 1.2 Soil constraints to different uses 1.3 Land Resource Stress Classes 2 Dryland Soils 2.1 Drylands of the World 2.2 Global Distribution of Drylands 2.3 Land use in drylands 2.4 Soils of the Drylands 2.5 Droughts in Drylands 2.6 Dryland Agriculture 2.7 Integrated Soil and Crop Management for Drylands 3 Sandy Soils 3.1 Nature of Sandy Soils 3.2 Distribution of Sandy Soils 3.3 Properties of Sandy Soils 3.4 Advantages of Sandy Soils 3.5 Constraints of Sandy Soils 3.6 Management of Sandy Soils 4 Shallow Soils 4.1 Soil depth classes 4.2 Properties of shallow soils 4.3 Limitations of shallow soils 4.4 Management of shallow soils 5 Soils with Drainage Limitations 5.1 Wetland Soils, Hydric Soils, Poorly Drained Soils 5.2 Criteria of Hydric Soils 5.3 Features of Hydric Soils 5.4 Land Use in Hydric Soils 5.5 Plants Suitable for Poorly Drained Soils 5.6 Soils That Need Artificial Drainage 5.7 Environmental impact of agricultural drainage 5.8 Drainage Water Re-use 5.9 Wet and Cold Soils 6 Expansive Soils 6.1 Types and Distribution of Expansive Soils 6.2 Parent Materials of Vertisols 6.3 Properties of Expansive Soils 6.4 Agricultural Uses of Expansive soils 6.5 Limitations of Expansive Soils to Agricultural Use 6.6 Integrated soil and crop management of expansive soils 6.7 Conservation Tillage in Vertisols 6.8 Amendments in Vertisols 7 Peat Soils 7.1 Organic Soils (Histosols, Peat and Muck) 7.2 The Nature, Distribution and Significance of Peat-lands 7.3 Properties of Peat Soils 7.4 Reclamation and Management of Peat Soils 7.5 Peat Extraction 7.6 Risks Associated with Peatland Use 7.7 Peatland Conservation 8 Soils on Steep Slopes 8.1 Slopes and Steep Slopes 8.2 Slope Failures and Mass Movement 8.3 Factors Affecting Landslides 8.4 Management of Steep Slopes 8.5 Formation of Gullies 8.6 Gully Control Measures 9 Poorly Fertile Soils 9.1 Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrients 9.2 Poorly Fertile Soils 9.3 Management of poorly fertile soils 10 Saline and Sodic Soils 10.1 Characteristics of Saline and Sodic Soils 10.2 Development of Salinity and Sodicity in Soils 10.3 Distribution of Saline Soils 10.4 Field Indicators of Soil Salinity 10.5 Effect of Soil Salinity on Plants 10.6 Effects of Sodicity on Plant Growth 10.7 Reclamation and Management of Saline Soils 10.8 Management of Dryland Salinity 10.9 Reclamation and Management of Sodic Soils 10.10 Environmental Impact of Saline Soil Reclamation 11 Acid Soils and Acid Sulfate Soils 11.1 The pH Scale, Acidity and Alkalinity 11.2 Soil Reaction, Acid Soils and Acid Sulfate Soils 11.3 Global Extent of Acid Soils 11.4 Measurement of Soil pH 11.5 Development of Soil Acidity 11.6 Buffering Capacity of Soils 11.7 Effects of Soil Acidity on Soil Processes 11.8 Effect of Soil Acidity on Plants 11.9 Effect of Soil Acidity on Soil Fauna 11.10 Management of Acid Soils 11.11 Management of Acid Sulfate Soils 11.12 Risks of Overliming 12 Polluted Soils 12.1 Soil Pollution 12.2 Sources of Soil Pollutants 12.3 Nature of Soil Pollutants 12.4 Prevention of Soil Pollution 12.5 Remediation of Polluted Soils 13 Degraded Soils 13.1 Soil Use and Misuse 13.2 Soil Degradation 13.3 Prevention of Soil Degradation 13.4 Restoration and Rehabilitation of Degraded Soils 13.5 Desertification and Desert Reclamation.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319755250 20180625
Soils are neither good nor bad, but some have inherent or acquired characteristics that may or may not suit our intended use. Unsuitable characteristics are considered to be soil problems, soil constraints or soil limitations. Only twelve percent of global land is right for agricultural production without much limitation. Some soils have severe limitations for crop production. These soils are so called `problem soils'. Many of them do not have enough fertility to be productive; some are arid and saline; some are very sandy and dry; and some are wet and waterlogged for most of the growing season. The global demand for food, wood, fuel, fiber, medicine and other plant products for the 7.2 billion current world population has created such an immense pressure on global soil resources that even the most fertile soils are losing their productive capacity. We are being compelled to bring more and more unsuitable or marginally suitable soils under cultivation. Unless innovative and integrated soil, crop and environmental management practices are adopted for their improvement and sustainable use, further degradation is inevitable. This book, Management of Soil Problems, identifies the problems and discusses management options in a smooth and reader-friendly style. It will be useful for students and professionals of soil science, agriculture, forestry, geography and environmental sciences.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319755250 20180625