St. Louis, Missouri : Washington University, May 2017.
Book — xxiii, 332 pages) : illustrations ; 27 cm
As public health policies continue to encourage women to give birth in biomedical care facilities, this research provides insight into the sequences of events leading to deaths in these settings from the unique perspective of the healthcare providers and administrators themselves, in addition to that of women and their communities. While the term maternal mortality implies biological processes and clinical practices, this dissertation focused on sequences of events at the hospital, and on historical, institutional, and political economic structures that shaped maternal risk in this region through 23 months of mixed-methods, ethnographic fieldwork in the Rukwa region of Tanzania and the Mawingu Regional Hospital. Women's lives and healthcare experiences before reaching Mawingu influenced their social support and access to resources in times of emergency in the hospital. Archival data helped explain how poor infrastructure, healthcare worker retention challenges, and debates on home vs. hospital birth have roots in the British colonial period.Situated in a global health complex that emphasized data collection, healthcare providers found themselves constrained by an "accounting culture," as opposed to working in a "caring culture." Nurses desired to be part of a "caring culture" on the institutional level in which administrators demonstrated their care for and appreciation of nurses. Institutional lack of care contributed to the continued production of nursing care that gave the appearance of lacking motivation. This environment led to reduced expectations that providers and hospital administrators can solve clinical or systemic problems, constrained as they were by a system that makes it so difficult to do so.
Equality of opportunity in view of social inequalities: what early childhood care and education strives for
Equality of opportuttity
Early childhood care and education as a means to combat inequalities.
Research in early childhood care and education: disciplines and methods
Use of terms in intemational research
Use of terms in Switzerland
Early childhood care and education: a unified concept
Ideological divide between childcare and education for young children
Use of extra-familial early childhood care and education
Rates of use in Switzerland
Rates of use in OECD countries
Determinants of the use of early childhood care and education
Why earIy childhood care and education has evolved in economically developed countties
Development of female labor force participation
Immigration and fertility rates
Child poverty and social disparities
Characteristics of effective early childhood care and education programs
Regulation of early childhood care and education
Tbe role of the family in early childhood care and education
III. New contributions to early childhood care and education research
How does early childhood care and education affect cognitive development? An international review of the effects of early interventions for children from different social backgrounds
Effects of socio-economic status on the development of children
Early education and care and equality of opportunity
Related analyses and main focus of the present analysis
Do effects of center-based care and education on vocabulary and mathematical skills vary with children's sociocultural background? Disparities in the use of and effects of early childhood services
Nursery provision in Switzerland
Objectives of the study and its contribution to research
A social history of ideas pertaining to childcare in France and in the United States
A brief comparison of France and the U .S. today
The beginnings of institutional childcare
Initial reception of institutionaI childcare
The evolution of institutional childcare
InstitutionaI childcare prior to the Great Depression
InstitutionaI childcare during the Depression and World War II
InstitutionaI childcare after World War II
Begehren, Sprache und Bildung: Pädagogische Reflexionen über "Die gerettete Zunge" von Elias Canetti
Aurobiographie als Bildungsbiographie
Methodische Vorüberlegungen zum Verhältnis von (autobiographischer) Literatur und Pädagogik
'Die gerettete Zunge' als Untersuchungsgegenstand pädagogischer Forschung
Zum erziehungswissenschaftlichen Diskurs über Bildung
Sprache und Bildung
Sprache und Bildung bei Canetti
Canettis Bildungsprozess als Annäherung an das Fremde und das Begehren nach Sprache
Die prägende Funktion des sozialen Rahmens
Literatur und Sprache
Equal opportunities in the light of social disparities: a persistent challenge for earIy childhood care and education
How early childhood care and education can influence children's skills
Implications of the present research for practice
What type of early care and education should we implement?
For whom should we implement early childhood care and education?
Should early childhood care and education be reguiated?
Why should practitioners be sensitive to social and cultural context characteristics?
What should parents know?
4. Prospects for future research
Ensuting multiple methodical approacbes and disciplines in early childhood research
Avoiding ethnocentric description of children: technological challenges
Challenges in comparative-historical research
Equallty of opportunity: Defining the scope of responsibilities of early childbood institutions
Generallzability of findings from research on literary accounts
Early childhood care and education has become a subject of increasing public interest in a great number of countries and among several international organizations and foundations. This book focuses on key issues in early childhood care and education, adding pedagogical, historical, and sociological perspectives to a body of research in education that has neglected important questions to date. The studies presented focus on effects of early childhood care and education on children, on the importance of family background for child development, on the use of institutional services among different families, on the history of such services in France and in the United States of America, and on the way in which children acquire competences both in early childhood care and education institutions and in a family context. (source: Nielsen Book Data) 9783658012113 20160615
What is Risk Behaviour? - Risk Behaviour in Adolescence - Determinants of Adolescent Risk Behaviour - Consequences of Risk Behaviour - Age and Gender Differences - Socio-Economic Determinants - The Roles of Social Contexts for Adolescent Risk Behaviour - Perspectives for Research and Practice.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
The present study is a collection and systematic summary of several papers which were published over the last five years. The publication of this volume would not be possible without the help of many people. My special thanks go to Prof. Dr. Klaus Hurrelmann, former head of the Department of Prevention and Health Promotion at the School of Public Health and now Professor of Public Health and Education at the Hertie School of Governance for his loyal, friendly and stirring support and collaboration. He has indeed broadened my view on research in adolescence and public health. Further, I would like to thank my c- leagues who worked with me on the different papers, first of all my former colleagues from the University of Bielefeld: David Bowles, Dr. Michael Erhart, Dr. Anja Langness, Prof. Dr. Anja Leppin, Dr. Rafael Mikolajczyk. I also wish to thank my German colleagues and co-authors for their valuable advice and support: Prof. Dr. Andreas Klocke (FH Fra- furt/Main), Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Melzer (TU Dresden) and Dr. Andreas Mielck (Helmholtzzentrum, Munchen). My special thanks go out to Dr. Thomas Lampert (Robert Koch-Institut, Berlin) for his friendship, his interest and engagement which lead to many joint ideas, projects and publications. Further, I express my sincere thanks to my international colleagues who worked with me on the different studies summarized in this v- ume: Prof. Dr. Candace Currie (University of Edinburgh, UK), Prof. Dr. (source: Nielsen Book Data) 9783531173368 20160605