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Book
xviii, 606 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 29 cm
  • Introduction. 1. Nerve Cells and Nerve Impulses. 2. Synapses. 3. Anatomy and Research Methods. 4. Genetics, Evolution, Development, and Plasticity. 5. Vision. 6. Other Sensory Systems. 7. Movement. 8. Wakefulness and Sleep. 9. Internal Regulation. 10. Reproductive Behaviors. 11. Emotional Behaviors. 12. Learning, Memory, and Intelligence. 13. Cognitive Functions. 14. Psychological Disorders. Appendix A: Brief, Basic Chemistry. Appendix B: Society for Neuroscience Policies on the Use of Animals and Human Subjects in Research.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781337408202 20180319
The most widely used text in its course area, James W. Kalat's BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY has appealed to thousands of students before you. Why? Kalat's main goal is to make Biological Psychology understandable to Psychology students, not just to Biology majors and pre meds--and he delivers. Another goal is to convey the excitement of the search for biological explanations of behavior. Kalat believes that Biological Psychology is "the most interesting topic in the world, " and this text convinces many students--and maybe you, too--with clear writing, amusing anecdotes and intriguing examples. MindTap, an interactive online learning resource that integrates the text with videos, animations and a virtual bio-lab component, makes learning even easier and more enjoyable.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781337408202 20180319
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
1 volume (various pagings) ; 29 cm
  • 1. What Is Behavioral Neuroscience? 2. Functional Neuroanatomy and the Evolution of the Nervous System. 3. Neurophysiology: The Structure and Functions of the Cells of the Nervous System. 4. Psychopharmacology. 5. Genetics and the Development of the Human Brain. 6. Vision. 7. Nonvisual Sensation and Perception. 8. Movement. 9. Homeostasis, Motivation, and Reward. 10. Sexual Behavior. 11. Sleep and Waking. 12. Learning and Memory. 13. Cognition. 14. Emotion, Aggression, and Stress. 15. Neuropsychology. 16. Psychopathology.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781337570930 20180416
Do you have a strong science background? Or do you feel overwhelmed at the prospect of taking a behavioral neuroscience, biological psychology, or physiological psychology course? Either way, this text's clear writing, interesting examples, learning aids, and illustrations will keep you interested and on track. DISCOVERING BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE: AN INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 4th Edition includes classic concepts, current topics, and cutting-edge research to provide you with a foundational understanding of the structure and function of the nervous system and its relationship to both typical and disordered human behavior. You'll learn about the most current thinking in behavioral neuroscience while honing your critical thinking skills to prepare yourself for the future.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781337570930 20180416
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxviii, 506 pages ; 29 cm + 1 set of anaglyph glasses
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
1 online resource.
  • Intro; Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics 2018; Preface; Neuroergonomics, Cognitive Engineering; Cognitive Computing and Internet of Things; Contents; Cognition and Performance; Beyond 2020 NextGen Compliance: Human Factors and Cognitive Loading Issues for Commercial and General Aviation Pilots; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Analyzing the Increase of Computer Usage on Human Factors and Potential Human Error; 3 NextGen Cockpit Equipment and the Effect of the Computer in the Cockpit in 2020 and Beyond
  • 4 The Influence of Computer Information and Automation from Nextgen Cockpit Equipment on U.S. Commercial Pilots in 2020 and Beyond5 The Influence of Computer Information and Automation from NextGen Cockpit Equipment on U.S. General Aviation Pilots in 2020 and Beyond; 6 NextGen Computer Technology in the Cockpit Could Lead to Declines in Situational Awareness; 7 NextGen 2020 Cognitive Processing Challenges; 8 Cognitive Loading and NextGen 2020; References
  • Use of Dry Electrode Electroencephalography (EEG) to Monitor Pilot Workload and Distraction Based on P300 Responses to an Auditory Oddball TaskAbstract; 1 Introduction; 1.1 The P300; 1.2 EEG and Flight Simulation; 2 Method; 2.1 Equipment; 2.2 Procedure; 2.3 Data Analysis; 2.4 Hypotheses; 3 Results; 3.1 Physiological Measures
  • Oddball Performance and ERP Outputs; 3.2 Subjective Measures
  • NASA-TLX; 3.3 Performance/Behavioral Measures
  • Flight Task Performance; 4 Discussion; References; Analysis of Alternatives for Neural Network Training Techniques in Assessing Cognitive Workload; Abstract
  • 1 Introduction1.1 Cognitive Workload; 1.2 Machine Learning; 1.3 Artificial Neural Networks; 1.4 Overview of Subsequent Sections; 2 Technical Background; 3 Simulation Setup; 3.1 Data Acquisition; 4 Results and Discussion; 4.1 Fear Conditioning Data; 4.2 Visual Matching Data; 5 Conclusions and Future Work; Acknowledgments; References; Changes in Physiological Condition in Open Versus Closed Eyes; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Experimental Method; 2.1 Subjects; 2.2 Experimental Protocol; 2.3 Tasks; 2.4 Experimental Equipment and Electrode Fixation Points; 3 Analysis; 3.1 Nasa-TLX; 3.2 EEGs
  • 3.3 NIRS3.4 Statistical Analyses; 4 Results; 4.1 Performance; 4.2 WWL Score; 4.3 NIRS; 4.4 EEGs; 5 Discussion; Acknowledgements; References; The Effect of Mental Fatigue on Response Processes: An ERP Study in Go/NoGo Task; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Method; 2.1 Participants; 2.2 Task Design; 2.3 Procedure; 2.4 Acquisition and Processing of EEG Data; 3 Result; 3.1 Subjective Scores; 3.2 Behavior Performance; 3.3 ERPs; 4 Discussion; 5 Conclusion; Acknowledgements; References; Cognitive Function Evaluation of Dementia Patients Using P300 Speller; Abstract; 1 Introduction
Book
1 online resource (xvii, 626 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Preface... Table of Contents... Contributing Authors... 1. Production and Crystallization of Full-Length Human AMP-Activated Protein Kinase (a1b1y1) Julia A. Hubbard, Bing Xiao, and Jon R. Wilson 2. Visualizing AMPK Drug Binding Sites through Crystallization of Full Length Phosphorylated a2b1y1 Heterotrimer Christopher G. Langendorf, Jonathan S. Oakhill, and Bruce E. Kemp 3. Biophysical Interactions of Direct AMPK Activators Ravi G. Kurumbail, Graham M. West, Venkatasubramanian Dharmarajan, Kris A. Borzilleri, Jane M. Withka, Jessica Ward, Allan R. Reyes, Francis Rajamohan, Patrick R. Griffin, and Matthew F. Calabrese 4. Biochemical Measurement of Glycogen: Method to Investigate the AMPK-Glycogen Relationship Elite Possik and Arnim Pause 5. Cell-Free Assays to Measure Effects of Regulatory Ligands on AMPK Fiona A. Fyffe, Simon A. Hawley, Alexander Gray, and D. Grahame Hardie 6. Applications of NMR and ITC for the Study of the Kinetics of Carbohydrate Binding by AMPK ss-Subunit Carbohydrate Binding Modules Paul R. Gooley, Ann Koay, and Jesse I. Mobbs 7. Bioinformatics Approach to Identify Novel AMPK Targets Brendan Gongol, Traci Marin, David A. Johnson, and John Y-J. Shyy 8. Studying AMPK in an Evolutionary Context Arpit Jain, Valentin Roustan, Wolfram Weckwerth, and Ingo Ebersberger 9. AMPK Protein Interaction Analyses by Yeast Two-Hybrid Pascual Sanz, Rosa Viana, and Maria Adelaida Garcia-Gimeno 10. Transient Expression of AMPK Heterotrimer Complexes in Mammalian Cells Jonathan S. Oakhill, John W. Scott, and Toby A. Dite 11. Knockdown of Human AMPK using the CRISPR-Cas9 Genome-Editing System Adrien Grenier, Pierre Sujibert, Severine Olivier, Helene Guermouche, Johanna Mondesir, Olivier Kosmider, Benoit Viollet, and Jerome Tamburini 12. Compound C/Dorsomorphin - Its Use and Misuse as an AMPK Inhibitor Biplab Dasgupta and William Seibel 13. Identifying the Heterotrimeric Complex Stoichiometry of AMPK in Skeletal Muscle by Immunoprecipitation Jesper B. Birk and Jorgen F. P. Wojtaszewski 14. Kinase Activity Determination of Specific AMPK Complexes/Heterotrimers in Skeletal Muscle Jesper B. Birk and Jorgen F. P. Wojtaszewski 15. Determination of Adenine Nucleotide Concentrations in Cells and Tissues by High Performance Liquid Chromatography Noemi Garcia-Tardon and Bruno Guigas 16. Intact Cell Assays to Monitor AMPK and Determine the Contribution of the AMP-Binding or ADaM Sites to Activation Simon A. Hawley, Fiona A. Fyffe, Fiona M. Russell, Graeme J. Gowans, and D. Grahame Hardie 17. Cellular Application of Genetically-Encoded Sensors and Impeders of AMPK Takafumi Miyamoto, Elmer Rho, Allen Kim, and Takanari Inoue 18. Assessing Mitochondrial Bioenergetics by Respirometry in Cells or Isolated Organelles Guillaume Vial and Bruno Guigas 19. Study of AMPK Regulated Metabolic Fluxes in Neurons using the Seahorse XFe Analyzer Claudia Marinangeli, Jerome Kluza, Philippe Marchetti, Luc Buee, and Valerie Vingtdeux 20. Investigating the Role of AMPK in Inflammation Sarah J. Mancini and Ian P. Salt 21. Studying the Role of AMPK in Cardiac Hypertrophy and Protein Synthesis Florence Mailleux, Christophe Beauloye, Jean-Luc Balligand, Sandrine Horman, and Luc Bertrand 22. Assessment of AMPK-Stimulated Cellular Long-Chain Fatty Acid and Glucose Uptake Joost J.F.P. Luiken, Dietbert Neumann, Jan F.C. Glatz, Will A. Coumans, Dipanjan Chanda, and Miranda Nabben 23. Measurement of AMPK-Induced Inhibition of Lipid Synthesis Flux in Cultured Cells Marc Foretz and Benoit Viollet 24. Studying the Role of AMPK in Autophagy Sarah Krieg, Bernhard Luscher, Joerg Vervoorts, and Marc Dohmen 25. Determining AMPK Activation via the Lysosomal v-ATPase-Ragulator-AXIN/LKB1 Axis Chen-Song Zhang, Mengqi Li, Yue Zong, and Sheng-Cai Lin 26. Manipulation and Measurement of AMPK Activity in Pancreatic Islets Aida Martinez-Sanchez, Marie-Sophie Nguyen-Tu, Isabelle Leclerc, and Guy A. Rutter 27. Analyzing AMPK Function in the Hypothalamus Patricia Seoane-Collazo and Miguel Lopez 28. Using Ex Vivo Kidney Slices to Study AMPK Effects on Kidney Proteins Renee Rao, Kazuhiro Omi, Roshan Rajani, Hui Li, and Nuria M. Pastor-Soler 29. A Flow Cytometry-Based Protocol to Measure Lymphocyte Viability upon Metabolic Stress Sebastien Denanglaire, Tiphene Pirnay, Oberdan Leo, and Fabienne Andris 30. Methods to Evaluate AMPK Regulation of Macrophage Cholesterol Homeostasis Nicholas D. LeBlond and Morgan D. Fullerton 31. Modulation of Vascular Function by AMPK: Assessment of NO Bioavailability and Surrogates of Oxidative Stress Swenja Kroeller-Schoen, Andreas Daiber, and Eberhard Schulz 32. Measurement of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and Mitochondrial ROS in AMPK Knockout Mice Blood Vessels Qilong Wang and Ming-Hui Zou 33. Studying the Role of AMPK in Angiogenesis Katrin Spengler, Silke Lindenmuller, Nderim Kryeziu, Anne Knierim, and Regine Heller 34. Analysis of Muscle Stem Cell Fate through Modulation of AMPK Activity Marine Theret, Linda Gsaier, Sabrina Ben Larbi, Michele Weiss-Gayet, and Remi Mounier 35. Evaluating the Role of Host AMPK in Leishmania Burden Diana Moreira, Jerome Estaquier, Anabela Cordeiro-da-Silva, and Ricardo Silvestre 36. Analysis of Transgenerational Phenotypes Following Acute Atarvation in AMPK-Deficient C. elegans Emilie Demoinet and Richard Roy 37. Human γ2 AMPK Mutations Arash Yavari, Dhruv Sarma, and Eduardo B. Sternick.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781493975976 20180416
This volume explores the latest methods used to study AMPK by computational, biochemical, biophysical, cellular, and ex vivo and in vivo approaches. The chapters in this book cover specific topics, such as methods to measure change in cellular energy metabolism and analyze metabolic pathways regulated by AMPK; bioinformatics tools to identify AMPK targets; knockdown of AMPK by CRISPR-Cas9; production and crystallization of full-length human AMP-activated protein kinase; cell-free assays to measure the effects of regulatory ligands on AMPK; use of sensors of AMPK activity; AMPK protein interaction by yeast two-hybrid; the role of AMPK in inflammation and autophagy; analyzing the AMPK function in C. elegans and mammals (with special focus on skeletal muscle, blood vessels, kidneys, pancreatic islets and hypothalamus); and human γ2 AMPK mutations. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting edge and thorough, AMPK: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, and established investigators who are interested in the richly diverse AMPK field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781493975976 20180416
Book
1 volume (various pagings) : color illustrations ; 29 cm
  • Part One Organization of the Body 1 Major Themes of Anatomy and PhysiologyATLAS A General Orientation to Human Anatomy 2 The Chemistry of Life 3 Cellular Form and Function 4 Genetics of Cellular Function 5 Histology Part Two Support and Movement 6 The Integumentary System 7 Bone Tissue 8 The Skeletal System 9 Joints 10 The Muscular SystemATLAS B Regional and Surface Anatomy 11 Muscular Tissue Part Three Internal Coordination and Control 12 Nervous Tissue 13 The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Somatic Reflexes 14 The Brain and Cranial Nerves 15 The Autonomic Nervous System and Visceral Reflexes 16 Sense Organs 17 The Endocrine System Part Four Circulation and Defense 18 The Circulatory System: Blood 19 The Circulatory System: Heart 20 The Circulatory System: Blood Vessels and Circulation 21 The Lymphatic and Immune Systems Part Five Intake and Output 22 The Respiratory System 23 The Urinary System 24 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid - Base Balance 25 The Digestive System 26 Nutrition and Metabolism Part Six Reproduction and the Life Cycle 27 The Male Reproductive System 28 The Female Reproductive System 29 Human Development and Aging APPENDIX A: Periodic Table of the Elements APPENDIX B: Answer Keys APPENDIX C: Symbols, Weights, and Measures APPENDIX D: Biomedical Abbreviations APPENDIX E: The Genetic Code APPENDIX F: Lexicon of biomedical Word Elements APPENDIX G: Eighth Edition Changes in Terminology Glossary CreditsIndex.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781259277726 20170410
Master the story of Anatomy & Physiology with Saladin's Anatomy & Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function! Saladin's A&P helps students make connections by telling a story that will intrigue, engage, and inspire them. Saladin expertly weaves together science, clinical applications, history and evolution of the body with vibrant photos and art to convey the beauty and excitement of the subject. A consistent set of chapter learning tools helps students identify and retain key concepts while the stunning visual program provides a realistic view of body structures and processes. Saladin's text requires no prior knowledge of college chemistry or cell biology, and is designed for a two-semester A&P course.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781259277726 20170410
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
1 online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • List of titles and authors (as of 24 Aug 2016) 1. Gene expression system that can escape from translational repression caused by brewing-related stress Shingo IZAWA 2. Bacterial cellular engineering through interspecies exchange of 16S rRNA in Escherichia coli ribosome. Kentaro MIYAZAKI 3. Development and application of the excellent protein synthesis technique with riboswitches in microorganisms Takahiro YAMAUCHI and Naoki SUGIMOTO 4. Cell Reprogramming by Lactic Acid Bacteria. Kunimasa OHTA 5. Novel detection system of mycotoxin using aptamer Yuji MORITA 6. Rational design of artificial riboswitches Atsushi OGAWA 7. mRNA engineering as a tool for controlling mammalian cells in medical applications Kei ENDO and Hirohide SAITO 8. Modulation of abnormal splicing by small chemical compounds in RNA diseases Naoyuki KATAOKA 9. Protein production system by innovating mRNA export Seiji MASUDA 10. PPR protein and the engineering Takahiro NAKAMURA 11. Long noncoding RNAs and their applications Tomohiro YAMAZAKI 12. Long non-coding RNA as new diagnostic and therapeutic targets Eleonora LEUCCI 13. Riboswitches and ribozymes as RNA-based modular tools to control gene expression Yoshiya IKAWA and Shigeyoshi Matsumura 14. Applications of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing for functional characterization of RNA helicases Jerry PELLETIER 15. Application of systemic TGS on p lant breeding Songling BAI 16. Theoretical and applied epigenetics in plants Yuhya WAKASA, Taiji KAWAKATSU, and Fumio TAKAIWA.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811083716 20180625
  • 2.2.2 Classical Overexpression Method2.2.3 Affinity-Tag Purification; 2.2.4 O-Ribosome; 2.2.5 Use of an rrn Operon Null Mutant (Δ7 prrn); 2.2.6 In Vitro Reconstitution; 2.3 Constructing Ribosomes with Hypermutations in 16S rRNA; 2.4 Improving the Method to Construct Hypermutation Libraries of 16S rRNA; 2.5 Conclusion; References; Chapter 3: Development and Application of a Highly Efficient Protein Synthesis Technique Using Riboswitches in Microorganisms; 3.1 What Is a Riboswitch; 3.2 Riboswitch of A. oryzae; 3.3 Functional Modification of thiA Riboswitch; 3.4 Future Prospects; References
The focus of this book is to introduce up-to-date information on applications and practical use of RNA for agriculture, biotechnology and medicine. It provides unique ideas, tools, and methods in detail from a variety of scientific and technical disciplines. RNA science has progressed enormously in recent decades, and vast amounts of information on RNA functions and their regulatory mechanisms are becoming available. Such a progress opened the door to an age of practical application of RNA in many fields including agriculture, plant science, medical science, brewing and fermentation technology, and material production. This book inspires its readership and contributes to not only expansion in application of RNA but also to basic research.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811083716 20180625
Book
xvii, 313 pages : illustratons ; 22 cm
  • The fat bride
  • Hormones...as we may call them
  • Pickled brains
  • Killer hormones
  • The virile vasectomy
  • Soul mates in sex hormones
  • Making gender
  • Growing up
  • Measuring the immeasurable
  • Growing pains
  • Hotheads : the mysteries of menopause
  • Testosterone endopreneurs
  • Oxytocin : that lovin' feeling
  • Transitioning
  • Insatiable : the hypothalamus and obesity.
Metabolism, behaviour, sleep, mood swings, the immune system, fighting, fleeing, puberty and sex: these are just a few of the things our bodies control with hormones. Armed with a healthy dose of wit and curiosity, medical journalist Randi Hutter Epstein takes us on a journey through the unusual history of these potent chemicals from a basement filled with jarred nineteenth-century brains to a twenty-first-century hormone clinic in Los Angeles. Brimming with fascinating anecdotes, illuminating new medical research and humorous details, Aroused introduces the leading scientists who made life-changing discoveries about the hormone imbalances that ail us, as well as the charlatans who used those discoveries to peddle false remedies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780393239607 20180806
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
1 online resource : illustrations
  • 1. Brief analysis of the auditory system organization and its physiologic basis 2. The Physiologic Basis of Sleep 3. Notes on Information Processing 4. Auditory Information Processing during Sleep 5. Auditory Unit Activity in Sleep 6. Auditory Influences on Sleep 7. Tinnitus treatment during sleep 8. Other sensory modalities in sleep 9. Final Conclusions.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128104767 20180611
The Auditory System in Sleep, Second Edition presents a view of a sensory system working in a different state, that of the sleeping brain. This updated edition contains new chapters on topics such as implanted deaf patients and sleep and tinnitus treatments. It is written for basic auditory system and sleep researchers, as well as practitioners and clinicians in the Auditory/Sensory Neurosciences and Sleep Medicine. As the auditory system is always "open", thus receiving information from the environment and the body itself (conscious and unconscious data), the incoming sensory information may alter sleep and waking physiology, and conversely, the sleeping brain. This book draws information from evoked potentials, fMRI, PET, SPECT, lesions, and more.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128104767 20180611
Book
1 online resource (xii, 355 pages) : illustrations (some color).
Book
1 online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • 1. Strontium in ecosystem: Transfer in plants via root system. S.Chatterjee, C. Walther, D.K.Gupta, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universitat Hannover Institut fur Radiookologie und Strahlenschutz (IRS)Herrenhauser Strasse 2,30419 Hannover, Germany2. Bioavailability of strontium in soils: Influence of radionuclide speciation on the soil-plant transfer. J. Guillen, A. Salas, J.A. Corbacho, A. Baeza LARUEX (Environmental Radioactivity Laboratory)Dpt. Applied Physics, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Extremadura, Avda. Universidad, s/n, 10003, Caceres, Spain3. Distribution of strontium in soil: Interception, weathering, speciation and translocation to plants.S. Dubchak, State Ecological Academy of Postgraduate Education and Management 03035, V. Lypkivsky str. 35, building 2, Kiev, Ukraine 4. Accumulation of the 90Sr by plants of different taxonomic groups from the soils at the Eastern Ural Radioactive Trace.L.N. Mikhailovskaya, V.N. Pozolotina, E.V. Antonova, Laboratory of Population Radiobiology, Institute of Plant & Animal Ecology, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 202 8 Marta St., 620144 Ekaterinburg, Russia5. Exposure of plants due to 90Sr contamination in the area of Eastern Ural Radioactive Trace.L.N. Mikhailovskaya, I.V. Yarmoshenko, G.P. Malinovsky, V.N. Pozolotina, E.V. Antonova, Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Sophy Kovalevskoy 20, 620219 Ekaterinburg, Russia6. Laws of behaviour of strontium-90 in the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems of the Southern Urals.N.N. Kazachonok, I.Y. Popova, Belarus-Russian University, st. Mira, 43, Mogilev-212030, Belarus 7. Migration of the 90Sr in the ecosystems of the Chernobyl Exclusive Zone (Belarussian Part).S. Kalinichenko, A. Nikitin, O. Shurankova, I. Cheshyk Institute of the Radiobiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Gomel, Belarus, 8. Contamination of the forest wood of exclusion zone of Chernobyl NPP by 90Sr according to data of 2005-2015.V. Zabrotski, Polessje State Radiation-Ecological Reservation, Tereshkova str. 7, Khoiniki, Gomel region, 247618, Belarus9. Peculiarities of 90Sr distribution in soil system - Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.).Dr. I.P. Bataitiene, Utena University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Business and Technologies, Department of Environment Protection Engineering, Maironio 17 str., LT-28142, Utena, Lithuania10. 87Sr/86Sr in Vitis vinifera and its relationships with the geological substratum of the vineyard.Dr. S. Conticelli, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Via Giorgio La Pira, 4, I-50121, Firenze, Italy11. Hereditary component of variation in 90Sr kinetics.Dr. V.I. Starichenko, Institute of Plants and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vos'mogo Marta St. 202, 620144, Ekaterinburg, Russia12. Soil-to-crop transfer factors of alkaline earth elements and comparison with global fallout 90Sr.Dr. K. Tagami, Biospheric Assessment for Waste Disposal Team, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa 4-9-1, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555, Japan Appendice.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319665733 20180115
This book provides extensive and comprehensive knowledge to researchers and academics who work on strontium contaminated areas. Topics covered include impact on plants and environment, as well as remediation strategies. This book will inform graduate and undergraduate students who are specializing in radioecology, especially strontium uptake via soil to plants, safe disposal of strontium waste, remediation legacies and impact of strontium waste material on the natural and manmade environment. A broad overview of reviews is provided covering a number of original publications on strontium plant uptake, including case studies that present the latest technological developments and future trends for investigating strontium mobility in soil and treatment of strontium contaminated areas.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319665733 20180115
Book
1 online resource : illustrations.
  • 1. Introduction 2. Methodologies for studying bioactive polysaccharides 3. Beta-Glucans from Fungi 4. Curdlan and derivatives 5. Dendronan from Dendrobium officinale and Aloe 6. Complex Glucomannan from Ganoderma atrum 7. Cordyceps Polysaccharides 8. Tea Polysaccharides 9. Psyllium Polysaccharides 10. Other Herbal Polysaccharides.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128094181 20171204
Bioactive Polysaccharides offers a comprehensive review of the structures and bioactivities of bioactive polysaccharides isolated from traditional herbs, fungi, and seaweeds. It describes and discusses specific topics based on the authors' rich experience, including extraction technologies, practical techniques required for purification and fractionation, strategies and skills for elucidating the fine structures, in-vitro and in-vivo protocols, and methodologies for evaluating the specific bioactivities, including immune-modulating activities, anti-cancer activities, anti-oxidant activities, and others. This unique book also discusses partial structure-functionality (bioactivities) relationships based on conformational studies. This comprehensive work can be used as a handbook to explore potential applications in foods, pharmaceuticals, and nutraceutical areas for commercial interests.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128094181 20171204
Book
1 online resource
  • Introduction to Science and Engineering Principles for the Development of Bioinspired Materials / Muhammad Wajid Ullah, Zhijun Shi, Sehrish Manan, Guang Yang
  • Biofabrication. Biotemplating Principles / Cordt Zollfrank, Daniel Opdenbosch
  • Tubular Tissue Engineering Based on Microfluidics / Lixue Tang, Wenfu Zheng, Xingyu Jiang
  • Construction of Three-Dimensional Tissues with Capillary Networks by Coating of Nanometer- or Micrometer-Sized Film on Cell Surfaces / Michiya Matsusaki, Akihiro Nishiguchi, Chun-Yen Liu, Mitsuru Akashi
  • Three-dimensional Biofabrication on Nematic Ordered Cellulose Templates / Tetsuo Kondo
  • Preparation and Application of Biomimetic Materials Inspired by Mussel Adhesive Proteins / Heng Shen, Zhenchao Qian, Ning Zhao, Jian Xu
  • Self-assembly of Polylactic Acid-based Amphiphilic Block Copolymers and Their Application in the Biomedical Field / Lin Xiao, Lixia Huang, Li Liu, Guang Yang
  • Biomacromolecules. Electroconductive Bioscaffolds for 2D and 3D Cell Culture / Zhijun Shi, Lin Mao, Muhammad Wajid Ullah, Sixiang Li, Li Wang, Sanming Hu, Guang Yang
  • Starch and Plant Storage Polysaccharides / Francisco Vilaplana, Wei Zou, Robert G Gilbert
  • Conformational Properties of Polysaccharide Derivatives / Ken Terao, Takahiro Sato
  • Silk Proteins / Lallepak Lamboni, Tiatou Souho, Amarachi Rosemary Osi, Guang Yang
  • Polypeptides Synthesized by Ring-opening Polymerization of N-Carboxyanhydrides / Yuan Yao, Yongfeng Zhou, Deyue Yan
  • Preparation of Gradient Polymeric Structures and Their Biological Applications / Tao Du, Feng Zhou, Shutao Wang
  • Biomaterials. Bioinspired Materials and Structures / Tom Masselter, Georg Bold, Marc Thielen, Olga Speck, Thomas Speck
  • Thermal- and Photo-deformable Liquid Crystal Polymers and Bioinspired Movements / Yuyun Liu, Jiu-an Lv, Yanlei Yu
  • Tuning Mechanical Properties of Protein Hydrogels / Xiao-Wei Wang, Dong Liu, Guang-Zhong Yin, Wen-Bin Zhang
  • Dendritic Polymer Micelles for Drug Delivery / Mosa Alsehli, Mario Gauthier
  • Bone-inspired Biomaterials / Frank A Müller
  • Research Progress in Biomimetic Materials for Human Dental Caries Restoration / Yazi Wang, Fengwei Liu, Eric Habib, Ruili Wang, Xiaoze Jiang, XX Zhu, Meifang Zhu
  • Index
  • Supplemental Images.
An authoritative introduction to the science and engineering of bioinspired materials Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering offers a comprehensive view of the science and engineering of bioinspired materials and includes a discussion of biofabrication approaches and applications of bioinspired materials as they are fed back to nature in the guise of biomaterials. The authors also review some biological compounds and shows how they can be useful in the engineering of bioinspired materials. With contributions from noted experts in the field, this comprehensive resource considers biofabrication, biomacromolecules, and biomaterials. The authors illustrate the bioinspiration process from materials design and conception to application of bioinspired materials. In addition, the text presents the multidisciplinary aspect of the concept, and contains a typical example of how knowledge is acquired from nature, and how in turn this information contributes to biological sciences, with an accent on biomedical applications. This important resource: Offers an introduction to the science and engineering principles for the development of bioinspired materials Includes a summary of recent developments on biotemplated formation of inorganic materials using natural templates Illustrates the fabrication of 3D-tumor invasion models and their potential application in drug assessments Explores electroactive hydrogels based on natural polymers Contains information on turning mechanical properties of protein hydrogels for biomedical applications Written for chemists, biologists, physicists, and engineers, Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering contains an indispensible resource for an understanding of bioinspired materials science and engineering.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119390343 20180723

14. Biology of sex [2018]

Book
xx, 411 pages ; 25 cm
Biology of Sex is a lively and intellectually challenging textbook. Mills analyzes the biological basis of sex by considering genetic, physiological, and evolutionary principles. In order to explain the biological aspects of human sex, he uses direct and intriguing comparisons with the many variations in sexual systems among non-human organisms. Text boxes provide fascinating examples: non-human species that cannibalize their partners during copulation, organisms that do not fall within one of two biological sexes, and species that "trick" others into raising their young. The author also explores questions such as: "Is sex only for reproduction?, " "Why is sex pleasurable?, " and "What are the roots of sexual conflict?" Intended primarily for readers without a science background, Biology of Sex provides novel content from the human and non-human worlds to introduce the complex subject of sex and reproduction.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781487593384 20180717
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
1 online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Basic elements of viscoelasticity.- Reaction processes (chemical kinetics) and their application to muscle biology.- How to characterize chemical reactions occurring in muscle fibers?.- Structure and function of muscle cells.- Mathematics needed to solve problems of contraction.- Computer interfacing of experimental apparatus.- Appendices.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319720340 20180409
This book is written to help and enable students in how to observe biological specimens in terms of viscosity, mass, elasticity and work producing elements. The observations are related to underlying chemical reactions by means of strain (fractional length change) sensitivity of the reactions, and a theory is developed how to connect these. Their mathematical derivation is complex when three or more states are involved, but a method is presented here to demonstrate how to simplify this complex problem. Basic mathematical solutions that are useful for this book, are presented (Fourier and Laplace transforms, differential equations, matrix operations) together with Fortran programs in the Appendix.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319720340 20180409
Book
1 online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Introduction.- Cycling.- Force, Velocity and Power in Cycling.- Pedalling Technique, Effectiveness and Coordination.- Influence of Gear Ratios.- Measurements on Cycle Ergometers.- Ballistic Movements of Lower and Upper Limbs: Jumping and Pushing.-Simple Method for Measuring Jump Height and Power during Rebound and Drop Jump.- Simple Method for Measuring Force, Velocity and Power during Jumping.- Optimal Force-Velocity Profile in Jumping: Measurement and Relationship with Performance.- Simple Method for Measuring Stiffness during Hopping.- Simple Method for Measuring Force, Velocity, Power and Force-Velocity profile of Upper Limbs.- Running.- Simple Method for Measuring Lower Limb Stiffness during Running.- Measuring the Energetic Cost of Sprint Running.- Simple Method for Measuring Force, Velocity, Power and Force-Velocity profile and Optimal Force-Velocity profile during Sprint Running.- Measurements on Sprint Instrumented Treadmills.- Effectiveness of Force Production during Sprint Running.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319056326 20180416
This book presents an account of innovative methods and, for most of them, gives direct and practical insights into how practitioners can benefit from their use in their everyday practice. It also explains how to interpret the data measured, and the underlying neuromechanical and biomechanical factors related to sports performance. Written and edited by the same researchers who proposed and validated these methods, this book not only presents innovative methods for an efficient training and testing process (most of which are based on very simple technology and data processing methods), but also discusses the associated background information. Although it is a young scientific discipline, sport biomechanics has taken on an important role in routine sports training, medicine and rehabilitation. It allows both a better understanding of human locomotion and performance and better design of training and injury prevention. In those processes, the testing of athletes is crucial, and the quality and quantity of the variables analysed directly influences the efficiency of physicians', coaches', physiotherapists' and other practitioners' interventions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319056326 20180416
Book
1 online resource.
  • Frontmatter
  • Preface
  • Contents
  • List of abbreviations
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Movement
  • 3. Vision
  • 4. Smell and Taste
  • 5. Hearing
  • 6. Skin, The Body's Largest Organ
  • 7. Future Developments
  • Index
Book
1 online resource.
  • Probabilities and Statistics in Chemical and Biothermodynamics Elementary Events. How Probabilities Combine. Permutation versus composition. Discrete Probability Distributions Continuous Distributions Mathematical Tools in Thermodynamics Calculus in Thermodynamics. Fitting continuous curves to discrete data. Determining the covariance matrix in least-squares fitting. Model testing with the 2 and f-ratio probability distributions. The Framework of Thermodynamics and the First Law What is Thermodynamics and What Does it Treat? Dividing up the Universe: System and Surroundings Equilibrium, Changes of State, and Reversibility Thermodynamic Variables and Equations of State The First law of Thermodynamics Work The reversible work associated with four fundamental changes of state. The heat flow associated with the four fundamental changes in an ideal gas. The work associated with the irreversible expansion of an ideal gas. The connection between heat capacities and state functions. A non-ideal model: the van der Walls equation of state The Second Law and Entropy Some familiar examples of spontaneous change. Spontaneous change and statistics The directionality of heat flow at the macroscopic (classical) level Free Energy as a Potential for the Laboratory and Biology Internal energy as a potential--combining the first and second laws. Contributions of different chemical species to thermodynamic state functions-molar quantities. Partial pressures of mixtures of gases. Legendre transforms of a single variable. Using Chemical Potentials to Describe Phase Transitions Phases and their transformations. The condition for equilibrium between two phases. How chemical potentials of different phases depend on temperature and pressure: deriving a T-p phase diagram for water. Additional restrictions from the phase diagram: the Clausius-Clapeyron equation and Gibbs' phase rule. The Concentration Dependence of Chemical Potential, Mixing, and Reactions The dependence of chemical potential on concentration. A simple lattice model for nonideal solution behavior. Chemical reactions Similarities (and differences) between free energies of reaction and mixing. How chemical equilibrium depends on temperature How chemical equilibrium depends on pressure Conformational Equilibrium Macromolecular structure. A simple two-state model for conformational transitions. Simultaneous visualization of N and D. The thermal unfolding transition as a way to determine Kfold and G . A simple geometric way to connect Yobs to Kfold. Fitting conformational transitions to analyze the thermodynamics of unfolding. A more realistic model thermal unfolding of proteins: the constant heat capacity model. Measurement of thermal denaturation by differential scanning calorimetry. Chemical denaturation of proteins. APPENDIX 1: Differential Scanning Calorimetry Ensembles that Interact with their Surroundings Heat exchange and the canonical ensemble. The canonical partition function. A canonical ensemble representing a three particle isothermal system. The isothermal isobaric ensemble and Gibbs free energy. Partition Functions for Single Molecules and Chemical Reactions A canonical partition function for a system with one molecule. The relationship between the molecular and canonical partition functions. An isothermal-isobaric molecular partition function. A statistical thermodynamic approach to chemical reaction. The Helix-Coil Transition The noncooperative homopolymer model. The noncooperative heteropolymer model. Coupling between the sites and the basis for cooperativity Coupling between residues through "nearest-neighbor" models Ligand Binding Equilibria from a Macroscopic Perspective Ligand Binding to a single site Practical issues in measuring and analyzing binding curves Binding of multiple ligands A macroscopic representation of multiple ligand binding. The binding polynomial P: a partition function for ligand binding. An example-the macroscopic binding of two ligands. Binding to multiple different ligands: "heterotropic" binding A general framework to represent thermodynamic linkage between multiple independent ligands. Ligand Binding Equilibria from a Microscopic Perspective. An example of general microscopic binding: three ligand binding sites. Simplifications to microscopic binding models. Binding to s identical, independent sites. Binding to two classes of independent sites. Binding to identical coupled sites Explicit structural models for coupling among between binding sites Allostery in ligand binding.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781439800195 20171023
This book introduces the concepts and practical tools necessary to understand the behavior of biological macromolecules at a quantitative level. It begins by describing biochemical phenomena using principles of classical and statistical thermodynamics. Unlike other books, this text goes beyond theory to explain in detail how the equations are applied to the analysis of experimental measurements. This emphasis on real-world applications is continued throughout and is a major feature of the book.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781439800195 20171023
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
Book
1 online resource (542 pages).
  • Ch. 1 Applications of Graft Copoiymerization: A Revolutionary Approach / Anupama Setia
  • ch. 2 Grafting of Hydroxyapatite for Biomedical Applications / Jordi Puiggali
  • ch. 3 Grafting of Hydrophilic Monomers Onto Cellulosic Polymers for Medical Applications / Nursel Pekel Bayramgil
  • ch. 4 Surface Functionalization With Biopolymers via Plasma-Assisted Surface Grafting and Plasma-Induced Graft Polymerization-Materials for Biomedical Applications / Karol Kyziot
  • ch. 5 Synthesis and Application as Programmable Water Soluble Adhesive of Polyacrylamide Grafted Gum Tragacanth (GT-g-PAM) / Gautam Sen
  • ch. 6 Radiation Grafting of Biopolymers and Synthetic Polymers: Synthesis and Biomedical Applications / Emilio Bucio
  • ch. 7 Derivatized Chitosan: Fundamentals to Applications / Anupama Kumar
  • ch. 8 Grafted Copolymerized Chitosan and Its Applications as a Green Biopolymer / Babak Salamatinia
  • ch. 9 Grafting Onto Biopolymers: Application in Targeted Drug Delivery / Animesh Ghosh
  • ch. 10 Fibroin Grafting Onto Wool Fibers: Recent Advances and Applications / Claudio Tonin
  • ch. 11 Grafting Modification of Wood for High Performance / Xiaoying Dong
  • ch. 12 Processing and Characterization of Grafted Bio-composites: A Review / Sivakumar Kalaiselvam.
Biopolymer Grafting: Applications presents the latest research and developments in the practical application of these methods in industry, both to enable polymer scientists and engineers to keep up with the latest research trends, as well as to propose ideas for further research and application. Research into bio-based polymers has become increasingly prevalent. However, due to challenges related to the properties of these materials compared to synthetic polymers-such as their resistance to chemicals or weather-uptake has not dramatically increased yet. As a result, improvements in surface modification of bio-polymers through graft copolymerization are enormously important, because they will widen the scope of their applications. Relevant industries for application of these methods include automotive, construction, food, packaging, agriculture, textiles and paper. This book provides an overview of the developments made in the area of biopolymer-based graft polymers. Advantages, disadvantages and suggestions for future works are discussed, assisting materials scientists and researchers in mapping out the future of these new "green" materials through value addition to enhance their use.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128104620 20180903
Book
1 online resource (542 pages).
  • Ch. 1 Applications of Graft Copoiymerization: A Revolutionary Approach / Anupama Setia
  • ch. 2 Grafting of Hydroxyapatite for Biomedical Applications / Jordi Puiggali
  • ch. 3 Grafting of Hydrophilic Monomers Onto Cellulosic Polymers for Medical Applications / Nursel Pekel Bayramgil
  • ch. 4 Surface Functionalization With Biopolymers via Plasma-Assisted Surface Grafting and Plasma-Induced Graft Polymerization-Materials for Biomedical Applications / Karol Kyziot
  • ch. 5 Synthesis and Application as Programmable Water Soluble Adhesive of Polyacrylamide Grafted Gum Tragacanth (GT-g-PAM) / Gautam Sen
  • ch. 6 Radiation Grafting of Biopolymers and Synthetic Polymers: Synthesis and Biomedical Applications / Emilio Bucio
  • ch. 7 Derivatized Chitosan: Fundamentals to Applications / Anupama Kumar
  • ch. 8 Grafted Copolymerized Chitosan and Its Applications as a Green Biopolymer / Babak Salamatinia
  • ch. 9 Grafting Onto Biopolymers: Application in Targeted Drug Delivery / Animesh Ghosh
  • ch. 10 Fibroin Grafting Onto Wool Fibers: Recent Advances and Applications / Claudio Tonin
  • ch. 11 Grafting Modification of Wood for High Performance / Xiaoying Dong
  • ch. 12 Processing and Characterization of Grafted Bio-composites: A Review / Sivakumar Kalaiselvam.
Biopolymer Grafting: Applications presents the latest research and developments in the practical application of these methods in industry, both to enable polymer scientists and engineers to keep up with the latest research trends, as well as to propose ideas for further research and application. Research into bio-based polymers has become increasingly prevalent. However, due to challenges related to the properties of these materials compared to synthetic polymers-such as their resistance to chemicals or weather-uptake has not dramatically increased yet. As a result, improvements in surface modification of bio-polymers through graft copolymerization are enormously important, because they will widen the scope of their applications. Relevant industries for application of these methods include automotive, construction, food, packaging, agriculture, textiles and paper. This book provides an overview of the developments made in the area of biopolymer-based graft polymers. Advantages, disadvantages and suggestions for future works are discussed, assisting materials scientists and researchers in mapping out the future of these new "green" materials through value addition to enhance their use.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128104620 20180903