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Book
vii, 173 pages : illustrations (some color) ; [ca. 23-29] cm.
  • Recent progress in the fundamental understanding and practice of chaotropic chromatography: rationalizing the effects of analyte's structure with pharmaceutical applications. Quantitative Mass Spectrometry Imaging of Molecules in Biological Systems. Long range molecular interactions involved in the retention mechanisms of liquid chromatography. Immobilized chiral selectors on monolithic HPLC columns.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781351652971 20171218
For more than five decades, scientists and researchers have relied on the Advances in Chromatography series for the most up-to-date information on a wide range of developments in chromatographic methods and applications. For Volume 54, the series editors have invited established, well-known chemists to offer cutting-edge reviews of chromatographic methods applied in the life sciences that emphasize the underlying principle of separation science. The clear presentation of topics and vivid illustrations for which this series has become known makes the material accessible and engaging to analytical, biochemical, organic, polymer, and pharmaceutical chemists at all levels of technical skill.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781351652971 20171218
Book
xxi, 794 pages ; 27 cm
  • Preface Acknowledgments Author Chapter 1 Introduction to Polymers Chapter 2 Polymer Structure (Morphology) Chapter 3 Molecular Weight of Polymers Chapter 4 Polycondensation Polymers (Step-Reaction Polymerization) Chapter 5 Ionic Chain-Reaction and Complex Coordination Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Chapter 6 Free Chain Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Chapter 7 Copolymerization Chapter 8 Composites and Fillers Chapter 9 Naturally Occurring Polymers-Plants Chapter 10 Naturally Occurring Polymers-Animals Chapter 11 Organometallic and Inorganic-Organic Polymers Chapter 12 Inorganic Polymers Chapter 13 Testing and Spectrometric Characterization of Polymers Chapter 14 Rheology and Physical Tests Chapter 15 Additives Chapter 16 Reactions on Polymers Chapter 17 Synthesis of Reactants and Intermediates for Polymers Chapter 18 Polymer Technology Chapter 19 Selected Topics Appendix A: Symbols Appendix B: Structures of Common Polymers Appendix C: Mathematical Values and Units Appendix D: Comments on Health Appendix E: ISO 9000 and 14000 Appendix F: Electronic Education Websites Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498737388 20180115
Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Tenth Edition integrates the core areas of polymer science. Along with updating of each chapter, newly added content reflects the growing applications in Biochemistry, Biomaterials, and Sustainable Industries. Providing a user-friendly approach to the world of polymeric materials, the book allows students to integrate their chemical knowledge and establish a connection between fundamental and applied chemical information. It contains all of the elements of an introductory text with synthesis, property, application, and characterization. Special sections in each chapter contain definitions, learning objectives, questions, case studies and additional reading.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498737388 20180115
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
1 volume (various pagings) ; 29 cm
  • 1. Introduction: Matter, Energy, and Measurement 2. Atoms, Molecules, and Ions 3. Chemical Reactions and Reaction Stoichiometry 4. Reactions in Aqueous Solution 5. Thermochemistry 6. Electronic Structure of Atoms 7. Periodic Properties of the Elements 8. Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding 9. Molecular Geometry and Bonding Theories 10. Gases 11. Liquids and Intermolecular Forces 12. Solids and Modern Materials 13. Properties of Solutions 14. Chemical Kinetics 15. Chemical Equilibrium 16. Acid-Base Equilibria 17. Additional Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria 18. Chemistry of the Environment 19. Chemical Thermodynamics 20. Electrochemistry 21. Nuclear Chemistry 22. Chemistry of the Nonmetals 23. Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry 24. The Chemistry of Life: Organic and Biological Chemistry Appendices Mathematical Operations Properties of Water Thermodynamic Quantities for Selected Substances at 298.15 K (25omicron C) Aqueous Equilibrium Constants Standard Reduction Potentials at 25omicron C Answers to Selected Exercises Answers to Give It Some Thought Answers to Go Figure Answer to Selected Practice Exercises Glossary Photo and Art Credits.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780134414232 20170515
For courses in two-semester general chemistry. Accurate, data-driven authorship with expanded interactivity leads to greater student engagement Unrivaled problem sets, notable scientific accuracy and currency, and remarkable clarity have made Chemistry: The Central Science the leading general chemistry text for more than a decade. Trusted, innovative, and calibrated, the text increases conceptual understanding and leads to greater student success in general chemistry by building on the expertise of the dynamic author team of leading researchers and award-winning teachers. In this new edition, the author team draws on the wealth of student data in Mastering(TM) Chemistry to identify where students struggle and strives to perfect the clarity and effectiveness of the text, the art, and the exercises while addressing student misconceptions and encouraging thinking about the practical, real-world use of chemistry. New levels of student interactivity and engagement are made possible through the enhanced eText 2.0 and Mastering Chemistry, providing seamlessly integrated videos and personalized learning throughout the course . Also available with Mastering Chemistry Mastering(TM) Chemistry is the leading online homework, tutorial, and engagement system, designed to improve results by engaging students with vetted content. The enhanced eText 2.0 and Mastering Chemistry work with the book to provide seamless and tightly integrated videos and other rich media and assessment throughout the course. Instructors can assign interactive media before class to engage students and ensure they arrive ready to learn. Students further master concepts through book-specific Mastering Chemistry assignments, which provide hints and answer-specific feedback that build problem-solving skills. With Learning Catalytics(TM) instructors can expand on key concepts and encourage student engagement during lecture through questions answered individually or in pairs and groups. Mastering Chemistry now provides students with the new General Chemistry Primer for remediation of chemistry and math skills needed in the general chemistry course. Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; Mastering(TM) Chemistry does not come packaged with this content. Students, if interested in purchasing this title with Mastering Chemistry , ask your instructor for the correct package ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyLab & Mastering, search for: 0134292812 / 9780134292816 Chemistry: The Central Science Plus Mastering Chemistry with eText -- Access Card Package Package consists of: *0134294165 / 9780134294162 Mastering Chemistry with Pearson eText -- ValuePack Access Card -- for Chemistry: The Central Science*0134414233 / 9780134414232 Chemistry: The Central Science Mastering Chemistry should only be purchased when required by an instructor.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780134414232 20170515
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
1 online resource (269 p.) : ill. (chiefly col.).
"Cryptands were introduced by Jean-Marie Lehn in 1969 as cage-shaped selective ligands for alkali and alkaline-earth metal ions, which lie at the heart of supramolecular chemistry. This book reports on much of the research in the field since the '70s, and looks at, amongst other topics, metal coordination chemistry, anion coordination chemistry, the encapsulation and taming of reactive anions, the formation of cascade complexes and the design of fluorescent sensors for ionic analytes. Cryptands and Cryptates has been written as a coursebook, structured as a series of lectures for graduate students or advanced researchers in chemistry, materials science, chemical biology and nanotechnology. It is fully illustrated to show experiments and results, and is intended to stimulate further interest in this fertile field of supramolecular chemistry."--Publisher's website.
Book
1 online resource : illustrations.
  • 1. Introduction on Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems 2. Theoretical aspects of polymer crystallization in multiphase systems 3. Developments of experimental techniques in understanding the polymer crystallization 4. Effects of Mass Transport on Crystallization from Miscible Polymer Blends 5. Crystallization behavior of crystalline-amorphous and crystalline-crystalline block copolymers containing poly(L-lactide) 6. Crystallization and Morphology of Block Copolymers and Terpolymers with more than one Crystallizable Block 7. Crystallization behaviour of semicrystalline immiscible polymer blends 8. Crystallization behaviour of semicrystalline miscible blends 9. Fractionated crystallisation of polymer blends 10. Crystallization behaviour of polymer nanocomposites 11. Crystallisation of polymer blend nanocomposites 12. Trans-crystallization in polymer composites and nanocomposites 13. Crystallization of polymers in confined geometries 14. Crystallization behavior of semicrystalline polymers in the presence of nucleating agent 15. Strain induced crystallization 16. Effect of Ionic Liquids on the Crystallization Kinetics of various Polymers and Polymer electrolytes 17. Stereocomplex Crystallization of Polymers with Complementary Configuration.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128094532 20171017
Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems is the first book that explains in depth the crystallization behavior of multiphase polymer systems. Polymeric structures are more complex in nature than other material structures due to their significant structural disorder. Most of the polymers used today are semicrystalline, and the subject of crystallization is still one of the major issues relating to the performance of semicrystalline polymers in the modern polymer industry. The study of the crystallization processes, crystalline morphologies and other phase transitions is of great significance for the understanding the structure-property relationships of these systems. Crystallization in block copolymers, miscible blends, immiscible blends, and polymer composites and nanocomposites is thoroughly discussed and represents the core coverage of this book. The book critically analyzes the kinetics of nucleation and growth process of the crystalline phases in multi-component polymer systems in different length scales, from macro to nanoscale. Various experimental techniques used for the characterization of polymer crystallization process are discussed. Written by experts in the field of polymer crystallization, this book is a unique source and enables professionals and students to understand crystallization behavior in multiphase polymer systems such as block copolymers, polymer blends, composites and nanocomposites.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128094532 20171017
Software/Multimedia
1 online resource (449 p.) : ill. (some col).
"This book documents Professor Jacques Simonet's contribution to building new electrode materials and their related catalytic reactions. Research includes synthesis of new alloys of palladium, discovery of new composite electrodes (including gold- and silver-graphene) and the creation of new materials through judicious cathodic or anodic doping. Additionally, studies demonstrate the malleability and reactivity of previously unused precious and semi-precious metals for the creation of 2D and 3D catalytic materials. Studies key to innovative research show how transition metals may reversibly cathodically insert small size electro-active molecules such as CO2 and O2, and be applied to methods of depollution brought by carbon and nitrogen oxides. Written for practical use, Simonet has provided both theory and tools needed for those aiming to recreate and develop his experiments in electrochemical catalysis and surface modifications. This full publication of research gives graduate and post-graduate students of chemistry, electrochemistry and catalysis an in-depth insight into key historical and modern developments in the field."--Publisher's website.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Volume 1 Preface to the Third Edition xiii Preface to the Second Edition xv Preface to the First Edition xvii Introduction xix Introduction and General Aspects 1 1.1 Hydrocarbons and Their Classes 1 1.2 Energy Hydrocarbon Relationships 2 1.3 Hydrocarbon Sources 4 Extraterrestrial Hydrocarbons 15 1.4 Hydrocarbon Production from Natural Sources 16 1.5 Hydrocarbon Synthesis 20 1.6 Nonrenewable and Renewable Hydrocarbons 27 1.7 Regenerative Hydrocarbons from CO2 Emission Capture and Recycling 29 1.8 Hydrocarbon Functionalization Reactions 30 1.9 Use of Hydrocarbons, Petroleum Oil 35 1.9.1 Energy Generation, Storage, and Delivery: Heating 36 1.9.2 Transportation Fuels 36 1.9.3 Chemical Products, Plastics, and Pharmaceuticals 38 References 38 Hydrocarbons from Petroleum and Natural Gas 49 2.1 Cracking 49 2.2 Reforming 62 Hydroforming 64 Metal-Catalyzed Reforming 65 2.3 Dehydrogenation with Olefin Production 71 Heterogeneous Catalysts 73 Homogeneous Catalysts 78 C2 C3 Alkenes 85 C4 Alkenes 86 Buta-1,3-diene and Isoprene 87 Higher Olefins 88 Styrene 88 2.4 Upgrading of Natural-Gas Liquids 89 2.5 Aromatics Production 89 References 102 Synthesis from C Sources 125 3.1 Aspects of C1 Chemistry 126 3.2 Chemical Reduction to Methanol and Oxygenates-- Recycling of CO2 127 Heterogeneous Hydrogenation 129 Homogeneous Hydrogenation 137 Ionic Reduction 143 Electrochemical and Electrocatalytic Reduction 143 Photoreduction 146 Enzymatic Reduction 148 3.3 Fischer Tropsch Chemistry 149 3.4 Oxygenation of Methane 166 Methanol Synthesis 166 3.5 Oligocondensation of Methane 173 3.6 Hydrocarbons from Methane Derivatives 186 Methanol Conversion to Hydrocarbons 186 Methanol to Hydrocarbon Technologies 196 Methanol to Gasoline 196 Methanol to Olefin 197 Methanol to Propylene 198 References 200 Isomerization 237 4.1 Acid-Catalyzed and Bifunctional Isomerization 238 Mechanism 243 Side-Chain Isomerization 250 Positional Isomerization 250 4.2 Base-Catalyzed Isomerization 262 4.2.1 Alkenes 262 4.3 Metal-Catalyzed Isomerization 266 4.4 Pericyclic Rearrangements 277 4.5 Practical Applications 284 Alkanes 284 Alkenes 285 4.5.2 Isomerization of Xylenes 286 References 287 Alkylations 305 5.1 Acid-Catalyzed Alkylation 305 Alkylolysis (Alkylative Cleavage) 317 Alkylation of Alkenes with Organic Halides 318 Alkylation of Alkynes 320 Alkylation with Carbonyl Compounds: The Prins Reaction 320 Catalysts 324 Alkylation with Alkyl Halides 326 Alkylation with Alkenes 331 Alkylation with Alkanes 335 Alkylation with Other Reagents 338 5.2 Base-Catalyzed Alkylation 350 5.3 Alkylation through Organometallics 352 5.4 Miscellaneous Alkylations 356 5.5 Practical Applications 360 References 369 Addition Reactions 389 6.1 Hydration 389 Production of Alcohols by Hydration of Alkenes 395 Production of Octane-Enhancing Oxygenates 396 Acetaldehyde 397 6.2 HX Addition 398 Alkenes 398 Dienes 403 Alkynes 404 Ethyl Chloride 411 Hydrochlorination of Buta-1,3-diene 411 Vinyl Chloride 411 Ethylene Chlorohydrin 412 Propylene Chlorohydrin 412 Adiponitrile 412 Acrylonitrile 413 6.3 Halogen Addition 413 Vinyl Chloride 422 Chlorination of Buta-1,3-diene 424 6.4 Addition to Form C N Bonds 424 6.5 Addition to Form C O, C S, and C P Bonds 433 6.6 Hydrometalation 439 Alkenes 440 Dienes 446 Alkynes 448 Alkenes 452 Dienes 456 Alkynes 457 6.7 Halometalation 462 6.8 Solvometalation 465 6.9 Carbometalation 466 6.10 Cycloaddition 471 References 477 Carbonylation and Carboxylation 509 7.1 Carbonylation 509 Hydroformylation in Biphasic Solvent Systems 515 The Use of Heterogeneous Catalysts 516 Hydroformylation of Higher Alkenes 518 Hydroformylation of Internal Alkenes 519 Asymmetric Hydroformylation 520 7.2 Carboxylation 533 Saturated Hydrocarbons 534 Aromatic Hydrocarbons 536 Hydrocarboxylation and hydroesterification 539 Aminocarboxylation 545 Neocarboxylic Acids 547 Hydrocarboxymethylation of Long-Chain Alkenes 547 Propionic Acid 547 Acrylic Acid and Acrylates 548 References 548 Acylation 569 8.1 Acylation of Aromatics 569 New Soluble Catalysts 573 Solid Catalysts 575 The Gattermann Koch Reaction 577 The Gattermann Reaction 579 Other Formylations 580 8.2 Acylation of Aliphatic Compounds 581 References 586 Index 000 Volume 2 Preface to the Third Edition xi Preface to the Second Edition xiii Preface to the First Edition xv Introduction xvii Oxidation Oxygenation 593 9.1 Oxidation of Alkanes 594 Autoxidation of Alkanes 594 Oxidation of Methane 596 Oxidation with Stoichiometric Oxidants 606 Oxidation Catalyzed by Enzymes and Metalloporphyrins 613 Metal-Catalyzed Oxidation in the Homogeneous Phase 616 Oxidation Induced by Heterogeneous Catalysts 619 Metal Oxidants 623 Electrophilic Reagents 624 Oxygenolysis 628 9.2 Oxidation of Alkenes 630 Direct Oxidation with Stoichiometric Oxidants 630 Metal-Catalyzed Epoxidation 635 Epoxidation Catalyzed by Metalloporphyrins 644 Asymmetric Epoxidation 647 Autoxidation 650 Reactions with Singlet Oxygen 650 Bis-Hydroxylation 656 Bis-Acetoxylation 663 Oxidation with Palladium in the Homogeneous Phase 664 Oxidation with Other Reagents 669 Vinylic Acetoxylation 671 Ozonation 673 Mechanism 673 Synthetic Applications 676 Other Oxidants 678 Allylic Hydroxylation and Acyloxylation 681 Oxidation to , -Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds 686 9.3 Oxidation of Alkynes 690 9.4 Oxidation of Aromatics 693 Oxidation to Phenols 693 Ring Acyloxylation 701 Oxidation to Quinones 702 Oxidation to Arene Oxides and Arene Diols 703 Oxidation with Singlet Oxygen 704 Oxidation of Methyl-Substituted Aromatics 706 Oxidation of Other Arenes 708 Benzylic Acetoxylation 711 9.5 Practical Applications 712 Acetic Acid 712 Maleic Anhydride 713 Oxidation of Cyclohexane 715 Oxidation of Cyclododecane 715 sec-Alcohols 715 Ethylene Oxide 716 Propylene Oxide 718 Acetaldehyde and Acetone 719 Vinyl Acetate 719 1,4-Diacetoxybut-2-ene 720 Acrolein and Acrylic Acid 720 Methacrolein and Methacrylic Acid 721 Acrylonitrile 721 Other Processes 722 Phenol and Acetone 722 Benzoic Acid 723 Terephthalic Acid 723 Maleic Anhydride 724 Phthalic Anhydride 725 Anthraquinone 727 References 727 Heterosubstitution 795 10.1 Electrophilic (Acid-Catalyzed) Substitution 795 Halogenation 796 Nitration 798 Sulfuration 799 Halogenation 800 Nitration 804 Sulfonation 808 Synthesis of Sulfoxides and Sulfones 810 Chlorobenzene 811 Nitration of Benzene and Toluene 811 Sulfonation of Benzene and Alkylbenzenes 811 10.2 Free-Radical Substitution 812 Chlorination 812 Fluorination 817 Bromination 818 Iodination 819 Side-Chain Halogenation of Arylalkanes 819 Chlorination of Alkanes 824 Side-Chain Chlorination of Toluene 826 Unsaturated Chlorides 826 Sulfochlorination of Alkanes 827 Nitroalkanes 827 10.3 Formation of C N Bonds 827 10.4 Formation of Carbon Metal Bonds 831 Borylation 837 Silylation 840 Al, Ge, and Sn Derivatives 841 10.5 Miscellaneous Derivatives 842 References 843 Reduction Hydrogenation 863 11.1 Heterogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation 864 Mechanism 866 Stereochemistry 870 11.2 Homogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation 886 Mechanism 891 Selectivity and Stereochemistry 893 Asymmetric Hydrogenation 896 11.3 Transfer Hydrogenation 904 11.4 Chemical and Electrochemical Reduction 906 Mechanism 911 Selectivity 911 11.5 Ionic Hydrogenation 913 11.6 Hydrogenolysis of Saturated Hydrocarbons 918 11.7 Practical Applications 931 C2 Hydrorefining 931 C3 Hydrorefining 931 C4 Hydrorefining 931 Gasoline Hydrorefining 932 References 934 Metathesis 959 12.1 Metathesis of Acyclic Alkenes 960 12.2 Alkane Metathesis 973 12.3 Metathesis of Alkynes 976 12.4 Ring-Closing Metathesis 978 12.5 Ring-Opening Metathesis and Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization 979 12.6 Practical Applications 983 References 986 Oligomerization and Polymerization 1001 13.1 Oligomerization 1001 Practical Applications 1006 Alkenes 1008 Alkynes 1013 Cyclooligomerization 1014 Practical Applications 1018 13.2 Polymerization 1021 Ziegler Natta Catalysts 1038 The Phillips Catalyst 1041 Group IV Metallocene Catalysts 1042 Postmetallocene Catalysts 1047 Stereoregular Polymerization of Propylene 1058 Isospecific Polymerization 1059 Syndiospecific Polymerization 1064 Stereoregular Polymerization of Dienes 1065 Ethylene Polymers 1072 Polypropylene 1074 Polybutylenes 1075 Styrene Polymers 1076 Polydienes 1077 References 1078 Outlook 1111 14.1 Sustainable Hydrocarbon Chemistry for the Future 1111 14.2 Extraterrestrial Hydrocarbon Chemistry 1114 References 1115 Index 000.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119390510 20170925
This book provides an unparalleled contemporary assessment of hydrocarbon chemistry presenting basic concepts, current research, and future applications. Comprehensive and updated review and discussion of the field of hydrocarbon chemistry Includes literature coverage since the publication of the previous edition Expands or adds coverage of: carboxylation, sustainable hydrocarbons, extraterrestrial hydrocarbons Addresses a topic of special relevance in contemporary science, since hydrocarbons play a role as a possible replacement for coal, petroleum oil, and natural gas as well as their environmentally safe use Reviews of prior edition: ...literature coverage is comprehensive and ideal for quickly reviewing specific topics...of most value to industrial chemists... (Angewandte Chemie) and ...useful for chemical engineers as well as engineers in the chemical and petrochemical industries. (Petroleum Science and Technology).
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119390510 20170925
Book
pages ; cm
  • Introduction to Metal Catalyzed/Metal Mediated Polymerizations. Insertion Polymerization: State of the Art. C1 Polymerization. ROP/Metathesis Polymerization. Controlled/Living Radical Polymerization. Organometallic Mediated Radical Polymerization (OMRP). Metal Catalyzed Condensation Polymerization. Metal Catalyzed Copolymerizatoin of Olefins with Carbon Monoxide. Sustainable Development and Metal Catalyzed Polymerization Methods.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498767576 20171218
  • Preface Acknowledgments Contributors Chapter 1 Introduction to Organometallics Samir H. Chikkali and Sandeep Netalkar Chapter 2 Insertion or Ziegler-Natta Polymerization of Olefins: Science and Technology Samir H. Chikkali, Ketan Patel, and Sandeep Netalkar Chapter 3 Carbene or C1 Polymerization Bas de Bruin and Samir H. Chikkali Chapter 4 Ring-Opening Polymerization and Metathesis Polymerizations Ashootosh V. Ambade Chapter 5 Controlled Radical Polymerization Ashootosh V. Ambade Chapter 6 Organometallic-Mediated Radical Polymerization Daniel L. Coward, Benjamin R. M. Lake, and Michael Shaver Chapter 7 Metal-Catalyzed Condensation Polymerization Ashootosh V. Ambade Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498767583 20171218
The proposed book focusses on metal mediated/catalyzed "controlled/living radical polymerization" (CRP/LRP) methods. It surveys a wide variety of catalyzed polymerization reactions, making it essentially a "one stop" review in the field. A significant contribution to polymer science is "metathesis polymerization" discovered by Grubbs and others. The book will cover various metathesis polymerization methods and implications in polymer industry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498767583 20171218
Book
1 online resource : illustrations.
  • Preface xi 1 High-Performance Metal-Polymer Composites: Chemical Bonding, Adhesion, and Interface Design 1 1.1 Introduction 1 References 10 2 Interpretation of Adhesion Phenomena - Review of Theories 13 2.1 General 13 2.2 Mechanical Interlocking 20 2.2.1 Mechanical Interlocking in a Macroscopic Scale 20 2.2.2 Mechanical Adhesion on a Microscale 20 2.2.3 Mechanical Anchoring on a Molecular Scale 21 2.3 Interdiffusion 23 2.3.1 Diblock Copolymers for Interface-Crossing Adhesion Promotion 23 2.3.2 Interdiffusion andWelding 23 2.3.3 Diffusion of Metals into Polymers 25 2.4 Interphase Formation 28 2.4.1 Polymer-Polymer Blends 28 2.4.2 Nanoparticle Composites 29 2.4.3 Transcrystalline Layers 29 2.4.4 Redox Reactions across the Metal-Polymer Interface 30 2.4.5 Reactions of Transition Metals with Aromatic Polymers 32 2.4.6 Loss in Anisotropic Orientation of Polymers Caused by Pretreatment or by Contact to Metals 34 2.4.7 Weak Boundary Layer 36 2.5 Weak Molecular Interactions (Cohesive Forces) 38 2.5.1 Thermodynamic Adsorption, WettingModel 38 2.5.2 Contact Angle, Surface Properties, and Adhesion 39 2.5.3 Contact Angle Measurement 40 2.5.4 Advancing and Receding Contact Angles, Contact Angle Hysteresis 42 2.5.5 Real Surfaces 43 2.5.6 Critical Surface Tension - Zisman Plot 44 2.5.7 Surface TensionTheories 46 2.5.8 Polar and Dispersive Components of Surface Tension 47 2.5.9 Acid-Base Interactions 48 2.5.10 Rheological Model 51 2.5.11 Summary 51 2.6 Electrostatic Attraction 52 2.7 Contaminations, Role ofWater, or Humidity 54 2.8 Coupling Agents 55 2.9 Use of Glues (Adhesives) 59 2.10 Hydrophobic Recovery 70 References 72 3 Interactions at Interface 89 3.1 Composites and Laminates 89 3.2 Laminate Processing 90 3.3 Polymers as Substrate or as Coating 92 3.4 Chemical Reactions at Surfaces 92 3.4.1 Chemisorption 92 3.5 Reactions of Metal Atoms with Polyolefins 97 3.6 Reaction of Metal Atoms with O-Functional Groups at Polymer Surfaces 97 3.7 Reactions of Metal Atoms with Amino Groups on Polymer Surfaces 105 3.8 Silane and Siloxane Adhesion-Promoting Agents 105 References 107 4 Chemical Bonds 113 4.1 Bonds in Polymers 113 4.1.1 Covalent C-H and C-C Bonds in Polymers 113 4.1.2 C-C Double, Triple, Conjugated, and Aromatic Bonds 116 4.1.3 C-O, C=O, O-C=O, and O=CO-O Bonds in Polymers 117 4.1.4 N-Containing Functional Groups 118 4.1.5 Chemical Bonds in Other Materials 119 4.2 Reactions of Chemical Bonds during Pretreatment 119 4.2.1 Aliphatic Chains 119 4.2.2 Preformed Degradation Products and Preferred Rearrangement Processes 121 4.3 Chemical Bonds at Interface 122 4.3.1 Polymer-Polymer Linking 122 4.3.2 Carbon-Metal Bonds 123 4.3.3 Covalent Bonds between Oxides and Polymers 126 4.3.4 Interface between Polymers and Transition Metals 127 References 130 5 Functional Groups at Polymer Surface and Their Reactions 135 5.1 OH Groups at Surface 135 5.2 Primary Amino Groups at Polymer Surfaces 140 5.3 Carboxylic Groups as Anchor Points for Grafted Molecules 143 5.4 Bromination 146 5.5 Silane Bonds 147 5.6 Click Chemistry 148 5.7 ATRP 150 5.8 Grafting 152 5.8.1 Grafting of Fluorescence Markers onto Functional Groups at Polyolefin Surfaces 153 5.8.2 Covalent Linking of Spacer Bonded Dye Sensors onto Polyolefin Surfaces 154 5.8.3 Covalent Linking of Spacer Bonded Dye Sensors onto Polyolefin Surfaces Supported by a Cucurbituril Jacket 155 5.8.4 Grafting of Polyglycerols onto Polyolefin Surfaces for Introducing Antifouling Property 156 5.8.5 Summary of Complex Structures Covalently Grafted onto Polyolefin Surfaces 159 5.9 Polymers Deposited onto Silicon or Glass 162 5.10 Molecular Entanglement of Macromolecules of Coating and Substrate at Polymer Surfaces (Interpenetrating Network at Interface) 162 References 165 6 Pretreatment of Polyolefin Surfaces for Introducing Functional Groups 173 6.1 Situation at Polyolefin Surfaces 173 6.2 Physical and Chemical Attacks of Polyolefin Surfaces 173 6.3 A Few General Remarks to the Pretreatment of Polyolefins 179 6.4 Introduction of Functional Groups to polyolefin Surfaces 184 6.5 Usual Pretreatment Processes and Their Advantages and Disadvantages 186 6.5.1 Oxygen Plasma Exposure 186 6.5.2 Structural Degradation of Polymer on Exposure to Oxygen Plasma 187 6.5.3 Degradation of Polymers by Exposure to Oxygen Plasma 192 6.5.4 Cross-linking of Polymers by Plasma-Emitted UV Radiation 198 6.6 Surface Oxidation by Atmospheric-Pressure Plasmas (Dielectric Barrier Discharge-DBD, Atmospheric Pressure Glow Discharge-APGD or Corona Discharge, Spark Jet, etc.) 201 6.7 Flame Treatment 204 6.8 Silicoater Process (Pyrosil) 205 6.9 Laser Ablation 205 6.10 UV Irradiation with Excimer Lamps 206 6.12 Mechanical Pretreatment 213 6.13 Cryogenic Blasting 214 6.14 Skeletonizing 214 6.15 Roughening for Mechanical Interlocking and Increasing of Surface Area by Plasma and Sputter Etching 215 6.16 Solvent Cleaning 215 6.17 SolventWelding 217 6.18 Chemical Treatment by Chromic Acid and Chromo-Sulfuric Acid 218 6.19 Chemical Etching and Functionalizing of Fluorine-Containing Polymers 220 6.20 Oxyfluorination 221 6.21 Sulfonation 222 6.22 Sputtering for Film Deposition 223 6.23 Cross-linking as Adhesion Improving Pretreatment (CASING) 225 6.24 Monosort Functionalization and Selective Chemical Reactions 226 6.24.1 Well-Defined Functionalization of Polymer Surfaces by Classic Organic Chemistry 226 6.24.2 Selective Monosort Functionalization of Polymer Surfaces by Oxygen Plasma Exposure and Post-Plasma Chemical Treatment for Producing OH Groups 227 References 237 7 Adhesion-Promoting Polymer Layers 259 7.1 General 259 7.2 Historical Development 261 7.3 Influence of Plasma Wattage on Chemical Structure of Plasma Polymers 263 7.4 Pulsed-Plasma Polymerization 265 7.5 Pressure-Pulsed Plasma 267 7.6 Copolymerization in Pulsed Plasmas 271 7.7 Some Additional Details to the Mechanisms of Plasma Polymerization 275 7.8 Often-Observed Abnormal Side Reactions Occurring in the Plasma Only 278 7.9 Structure of Plasma Polymers 281 7.10 Use of Plasma Polymers as Adhesion-Promoting Layers 286 7.11 Adhesion Promotion of VeryThick Layers 289 7.12 Summary 290 References 290 8 Monosort Functional Groups at Polymer Surfaces 299 8.1 Introduction 299 8.2 Bromination of Polyolefin Surface by Exposure to the Br2 Plasma 305 8.3 Bromoform as Precursor 309 8.4 Deposition of Plasma Polymers Carrying C-Br Groups 312 8.5 Loss in BromineGroups byWet-Chemical Processing 313 8.6 Other Halogenations 314 8.6.1 Chlorination 315 8.6.2 Fluorination 317 8.6.3 Iodination 317 8.6.4 Measuring the Electron Temperature in Haloform Plasmas 317 8.6.5 Comparison of Halogenation Processes 318 8.7 C-Br as Anchoring Point for Grafting 319 8.7.1 Changing the C-Br Functionalization into NH2 Functionalization 319 8.7.2 Other Functional Groups 321 8.7.3 Grafting onto C-Br Groups 322 8.8 Underwater Capillary Discharge Plasma or Glow Discharge Electrolysis (GDE) 323 8.9 Conclusions 323 References 332 9 Chemical Grafting ontoMonosort Functionalized Polyolefin Surfaces 337 9.1 General Aspects 337 9.2 Grafting of Spacers onto Radicals 344 9.3 Grafting of Spacers and Oligomers by Reaction with C-OH Groups at the Polyolefin Surface 346 9.4 Grafting of Linear Spacers and Oligomers onto C-Br Groups 347 9.5 Introduction of Spacers with Siloxane Cages (POSS) 349 9.6 Grafting via Click Reaction 350 9.7 Influence of Spacers on the Metal-Polymer Adhesion 351 9.8 Summary 352 References 353 10 Conclusions and Outlook to the New Interface Design 357 10.1 Introduction 357 10.2 Physical Effects Produced by Covalent Bonding of Metal to Polymer 360 10.3 Introduction of Functional Groups onto Polyolefin Surfaces Associated with Damaging of Polymer Structure Near Surface 363 10.4 Thermal Expansion Coefficients of Metals and Polymers 365 10.5 Differences between Al-Polyolefin and Polyolefin-Al Laminates 366 10.6 Protection of CovalentMetal-Polymer Bonds along the Interface 367 10.7 Reaction Pays for Grafting Spacer Molecules onto Polyolefin Surfaces 368 10.8 Special Requirements for Metal Deposition Especially Aluminum 370 10.9 UsedWays to Introduce Spacers for Maximum Adhesion 372 10.9.1 Spacer Attachment onto NH2 Groups 372 10.9.2 Spacer Grafting onto OH-Groups at Polymer Surface 375 10.9.3 Spacer Anchoring onto C-Br Groups 376 10.9.4 Silane Attachment 376 10.9.5 Silane Hydrolysis and Subsequent Partial Cross-linking 377 10.9.6 Adhesion Strength Measurements 381 10.9.7 Summary and Conclusions 383 References 388 11 Short Treatise on Analysis Chemical Features 395 11.1 General 395 11.2 Bulk Analysis 395 11.2.1 Infrared Spectroscopy 396 11.2.2 UV-vis Spectroscopy 400 11.2.3 NMR Spectroscopy 401 11.2.4 MALDI- and ESI-ToF-MS 403 11.2.5 HPLC and GPC/SEC 405 11.3 Surface Analysis 406 11.3.1 Sampling Depth 406 11.3.2 XPS 408 11.3.3 ToF-SIMS 410 11.3.4 SEIRA and IRRAS 412 References 414Index 415.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527679928 20180115
The result of decades of research by a pioneer in the field, this is the first book to deal exclusively with achieving high-performance metal-polymer composites by chemical bonding. Covering both the academic and practical aspects, the author focuses on the chemistry of interfaces between metals and polymers with a particular emphasis on the chemical bonding between the different materials. He elucidates the various approaches to obtaining a stable interface, including, but not limited to, thermodynamically driven redox reactions, bond protection to prevent hydrolysis, the introduction of barrier layers, and stabilization by spacer molecules. Throughout, chemical bonding is promoted as a simple and economically viable alternative to adhesion based on reversible weak physical interaction. Consequently, the text equips readers with the practical tools necessary for designing high-strength metal-polymer composites with such desired properties as resilience, flexibility, rigidity or degradation resistance.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527679928 20180115
Book
1241, A-17, G-19, C-2, I-34 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 29 cm
Science Library (Li and Ma)
CHEM-33-01, CHEM-33-01
Book
1 online resource (301 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"A compilation of wonderful tributes to the late Ahmed Zewail (1946-2016), considered the 'Father of Femtochemistry', a long-standing icon in the field of physical chemistry, and the father of ultrafast electron-based methods. The book contains testimonies by friends and relatives of Zewail and by outstanding scientists from around the world who worked or have been affiliated with the Nobel prizewinning professor. Each contribution describes the author's own unique experience and personal relationship with Zewail, and includes details of his scientific achievements and the stories around them. Personal and Scientific Reminiscences collects accounts from the most important individuals in the physical and chemical sciences to give us a unique insight into the world and work of one of the great scientists of our time."--Publisher's website.
Book
xix, 959 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 29 cm
  • 1. Introduction. Section I: MEASUREMENT BASICS. 2. Electrical Components and Circuits. 3. Operational Amplifiers in Chemical Instrumentation. 4. Digital Electronics and Computers. 5. Signals and Noise. Instrumental Analysis in Action: The Electronic Analytical Laboratory. Section II: ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY. 6. An Introduction to Spectrometric Methods. 7. Components of Optical Instruments. 8. An Introduction to Optical Atomic Spectrometry. 9. Atomic Absorption and Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry. 10. Atomic Emission Spectrometry. 11. Atomic Mass Spectrometry. 12. Atomic X-Ray Spectrometry. Instrumental Analysis in Action: Monitoring Mercury. Section III: MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY. 13. An Introduction to Ultraviolet-Visible Molecular Absorption Spectrometry. 14. Applications of Ultraviolet-Visible Molecular Absorption Spectrometry. 15. Molecular Luminescence Spectrometry. 16. An Introduction to Infrared Spectrometry. 17. Applications of Infrared Spectrometry. 18. Raman Spectroscopy. 19. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. 20. Molecular Mass Spectrometry. 21. Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and Microscopy. Instrumental Analysis in Action: Assessing the Authenticity of the Vinland Map: Surface Analysis in the Service of History, Art, and Forensics. Section IV: ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. 22. An Introduction to Electroanalytical Chemistry. 23. Potentiometry. 24. Coulometry. 25. Voltammetry. Instrumental Analysis in Action: Measuring the Parts to Understand the Whole: The Microphysiometer. Section V: SEPARATION METHODS. 26. An Introduction to Chromatographic Separations. 27. Gas Chromatography. 28. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography. 29. Supercritical Fluid Chromatography and Extraction. 30. Capillary Electrophoresis, Electrochromatography, and Field-Flow Fractionation. Instrumental Analysis in Action: The Bisphenol A Controversy. Section VI: MISCELLANEOUS METHODS. 31. Thermal Methods. 32. Radiochemical Methods. 33. Automated Methods of Analysis. 34. Particle Size Determination. Instrumental Analysis in Action: The John F. Kennedy Assassination. Appendices. Appendix 1: Evaluation of Analytical Data. Appendix 2: Activity Coefficients. Appendix 3: Some Standard and Formal Electrode Potentials. Appendix 4: Compounds Recommended for the Preparation of Standard Solutions of Some Common Elements. Answers to Selected Problems. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781305577213 20170515
PRINCIPLES OF INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS is the standard for courses on the principles and applications of modern analytical instruments. In the 7th edition, authors Skoog, Holler, and Crouch infuse their popular text with updated techniques and new Instrumental Analysis in Action case studies. Updated material enhances the book's proven approach, which places an emphasis on the fundamental principles of operation for each type of instrument, its optimal area of application, its sensitivity, its precision, and its limitations. The text also introduces students to elementary analog and digital electronics, computers, and the treatment of analytical data. A companion website is available, providing students with tutorials on instrumental methods, Excel files of data analysis, and simulations of analytical techniques to help them visualize important concepts. Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are provided for most references to the primary literature.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781305577213 20170515
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
1 online resource : illustrations
  • 1. Glycolysis 2. Krebs Cycle 3. Electron Transport Chain 4. Beta Oxidation of Fatty Acids 5. Fatty Acid Biosynthesis 6. Cholesterol Structure 7. Cholesterol Synthesis 8. Heme Synthesis 9. Porphyrias 10. Urea Cycle 11. Urea Cycle Disorders 12. Glycogen Storage Disorders 13. Mucopolysaccharidosis 14. Lipid Storage Disorders 15. Ceramide Structure and Degradation 16. Prostaglandin Synthesis 17. Purine Structure 18. Purine De Novo Synthesis 19. Pyrimidine Structure 20. Pyrimidine De Novo Synthesis.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128144534 20171211
Sweet Biochemistry: Remembering Structures, Cycles, and Pathways by Mnemonics makes biochemistry lively, interesting and memorable. by connecting objects, images and stories. Dr. Kumari has converted cycles and difficult pathways into very simple formula, very short stories and images which will help readers see familiar things in complicated cycles and better visualize biochemistry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128144534 20171211
Book
xii, 367 pages, 12 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
  • Foreword-- Acknowledgements-- Introduction-- Part I. From Durban to Birkbeck College: 1. Durban and Johannesburg-- 2. Cape Town-- 3. Cambridge-- 4. The first visit to Israel-- 5. Back to Cambridge-- 6. Birkbeck-1-- 7. Birkbeck-2-- Part II. Science at the Laboratory of Molecular Biology: 8. The Laboratory of Molecular Biology-- 9. Spherical virus structure-- 10. Tobacco mosaic virus-- 11. From Thon rings to modern dance-- 12. Tomography-- 13. Transfer RNA-- 14. Chromatin and nucleosomes-- 15. Zinc fingers-- Part III. Duties and Rewards: 16. Peterhouse-- 17. Director of the Laboratory of Molecular Biology-- 18. Presidency of the Royal Society-- 19. Ben Gurion University-- 20. Prizes-- 21. Envoi-- Appendicies: Appendix 1. Aaron's Birthplace - Zhelva, Lithuania Mark Gevisser-- Appendix 2. Diffraction-- Appendix 3. Aaron Klug's scientific publications-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107147379 20170410
The atomic structures of macromolecules provide the key to understanding how life works. Aaron Klug led the way in the development of methods for solving such structures and is one of the pioneers of structural molecular biology. He was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1982 for his work. Illuminating both his personal life and scientific achievements, this unique biography begins with Klug's youth in Durban and his studies at Johannesburg, Cape Town and then Trinity College, Cambridge. Holmes proceeds to explore Klug's career from his work on the structure of viruses with Rosalind Franklin at Birkbeck College, London to his time as Director of the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology (LMB) in Cambridge and as President of the Royal Society. Drawing on their long-term collaboration, interviews and unique access to Klug's archives, Holmes provides a fascinating account of an innovative man and his place in the history of structural molecular biology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107147379 20170410
Green Library
Database topics
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering; Toxicology and Chemical Safety
Journal/Periodical
1 online resource. Digital: text file.
Book
1 online resource (xii, 258 pages)
  • Preface xi 1 Analysis and Separation Techniques 1 1.1 High Performance Liquid Chromatography 1 1.1.1 Ionic Liquids as Mobile Phase Additives 1 1.1.2 Food Additives 12 1.1.3 Chaotropicity 14 1.1.4 Cigarette Additives 16 1.1.5 Chiral Separation 20 1.1.6 Peptides and Proteins 31 1.1.7 1,4-Dihydroxy-2-Naphthoic Acid 32 1.1.8 Diesel Lubricating Additives 32 1.1.9 Acidic Drugs 34 1.2 Chelation Ion Chromatography 39 1.3 Membranes 40 1.3.1 Carbon Dioxide Separation 40 1.3.2 Hollow Fiber Membranes 41 References 42 2 Electrical Applications 47 2.1 Capacitors 47 2.1.1 Triethanolamine 47 2.1.2 Supercapacitors 47 2.2 Electrokinetic Micropumps 50 2.3 Lead-Acid Batteries 50 2.3.1 Activated Carbon Additives 51 2.3.2 High Performance Positive Electrode 51 2.4 Lithium-Ion Batteries 53 2.4.1 Ionic Diffusion 56 2.4.2 Functional Electrolytes 56 2.4.3 Synergetic Effect of Conductive Additives 58 2.4.4 In-Situ Coating of Cathode by Electrolyte Additive 58 2.4.5 Bipolar Architectures 59 2.4.6 Janus Separator 63 2.4.7 Synthesis of Vanadium Cathodes 64 2.4.8 Graphite 64 2.4.9 Silicon 67 2.4.10 Carbon Nanotubes 69 2.4.11 Carbonate Additives 70 2.4.12 Borate Additives 73 2.4.13 Tris(pentafluorophenyl) Borane 78 2.4.14 Phosphoric Additives 79 2.4.15 Sulfur Additives 83 2.4.16 Isothiocyanates 90 2.4.17 Other Additive Types 92 2.5 Nickel Batteries 101 2.5.1 High-Rate Discharge Performance 106 2.5.2 Multiphase Nano-Nickel Hydroxide 108 2.5.3 Nickel-Metal Hydride Batteries 108 2.6 Sodium-Ion Batteries 112 2.6.1 Antimony-Based Intermetallic Alloy Anodes 112 2.7 Solar Cells 113 2.7.1 Star-Shaped Molecules 113 2.7.2 Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells 115 2.7.3 Perovskite 119 2.7.4 Control of Active Layer Nanomorphology 120 2.7.5 Phosphonium Halides as Processing Additives and Interfacial Modifiers 121 2.7.6 Polymeric Solar Cells 121 2.8 Fuel Cells 123 2.8.1 Porosity Additive 125 2.8.2 Electrolyte Membranes 126 2.8.3 Molybdenum Oxide 130 2.8.4 Nano-Metal Oxides 131 2.8.5 Coolant Additive 131 2.8.6 Membrane Exchange Humidifier 133 2.8.7 Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Titanium Dioxide Nanocomposites 134 3 Medical Uses 145 3.1 High Performance Additive Manufactured Scaffolds 145 3.1.1 Nanotechnology 145 3.1.2 Poly(caprolactone)Tricalcium Phosphate Scaffolds 146 3.1.3 Silk Fibroin Nanofibers 147 3.1.4 Calcium Phosphate, Hydroxyapatite, and Poly(d, l-lactic acid) 152 3.1.5 Propylene Fumarate Lactic Acid Copolymer 152 3.1.6 Thermosensitive Composite Gel 153 3.1.7 Biomimetic Wet-Stable Fibers 153 3.1.8 Poly(ester urea) from l-Leucine 154 3.1.9 Static Cell Seeding Versus Vacuum Cell Seeding 154 3.1.10 Controlled Drug Release 155 References 156 4 Lubricants 159 4.1 Fuels 159 4.1.1 Graphene Oxide 159 4.1.2 Deposit Control 160 4.2 Lubricant Additives 161 4.2.1 GL Ratings 161 4.2.2 Organophosphates 162 4.2.3 Crankcase Oils 162 4.2.4 Low Sulfur and Low Metal Additive Formulations 163 4.2.5 Lithium Soaps 166 4.2.6 Titanium Complex Grease Composition 171 4.2.7 Improving theWetting Properties of Ionic Liquids 176 4.3 Anti-Wear Additives 179 4.3.1 Ionic Liquids 179 4.3.2 Castor Oil Tris(diphenyl phosphate) 179 4.3.3 Bifunctional Hairy Silica Nanoparticles 180 4.3.4 Boron Thiophosphite 180 4.3.5 Hydroxyaromatic Compounds 181 4.4 Fluid Loss Control Additives 183 4.4.1 Graphene Oxide 183 4.4.2 Montmorillonite 183 4.5 Warm Mix Asphalt Additives 184 5 Concrete Additives 189 5.1 Properties of Concrete 189 5.1.1 Pozzolans 191 5.1.2 Calcium Aluminate Cement 191 5.1.3 Rutting of Bituminous Concrete 193 5.2 Set Retarders 193 5.2.1 Superplasticizers 194 5.3 Accelerators 194 5.3.1 Aqueous Dispersions of Silica 195 5.3.2 Non-Chloride Cement Accelerators 195 5.4 Dispersants and Thinners 196 5.4.1 Xylonic Acid 196 5.4.2 Thixotropy 197 5.4.3 Flowability 198 5.5 Defoamers 199 5.5.1 Ethoxylated Fatty Alcohol Acrylates 200 5.5.2 Hydroxyl Alkyl Acrylate 200 5.5.3 Tributyl Phosphate 202 5.5.4 Silicone Oils 202 5.5.5 Other Additives 202 5.6 Shrinkage Compensation 202 5.7 Permeability 203 5.7.1 Expanded Perlite 204 5.7.2 Pozzolanic Materials 204 5.7.3 Cracking Catalyst 205 5.8 Air Entraining Agents 206 5.8.1 Fluorochemical Surfactants 207 5.8.2 Superabsorbent Polymers 207 5.8.3 Rubber Crumb 208 5.8.4 Autoclaved Aerated Concrete 209 5.9 Corrosion Protection 210 5.9.1 Modified Hydrotalcites 210 5.9.2 Chloride Ion Scavenging 210 5.9.3 Dopamelanin 211 5.10 Superabsorbent Polymers 212 5.11 Fibers 212 5.11.1 Poly(oxymethylene) Fibers 212 5.12 Additives fromWastes 214 5.12.1 Waste Rubber 214 5.12.2 anomodified Concrete Additive 216 References 220 6 Other Uses 225 6.1 High Performance Additive for Powder Coatings 225 6.1.1 Antimicrobial Powder Coatings 225 6.2 Radiation Shielding 226 6.3 Superabsorbent Polymers 229 6.4 Laser Additive Manufacturing of High Performance Materials 232 6.4.1 Laser Metal Deposition Additive Manufacturing 232 6.4.2 Hybrid Processes 233 6.5 High Temperature Cooling Application 234 References 236 Index 239 Tradenames 239 Acronyms 242 Chemicals 244 General Index 255.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119363613 20170313
This book focuses on the chemistry of additives for high performance applications and a large number of chemical formulas are displayed in the text. The additives applications include: * Analysis and separation techniques, such as high performance liquid chromatography, for example ionic liquids. * Additives for electrical applications, such as capacitors, electrokinetic micropumps, lithium-ion batteries, and other battery types. * Additives for solar cells for control of the active layer nanomorphology are documented as are additives for electrolyte membranes, fuel cells, such as membrane exchange humidifiers and coolant additives. * Medical applications include high performance additives for the manufacture of scaffolds, controlled drug release, and nanofibers. * Additives for lubricants including the deposit control, anti-wear additives, fluid loss control additives in drilling applications. * Additives for concrete uses such as set retarders, curing accelerators, defoamers, permeability control additives, and corrosion protection additives.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119363613 20170313
Video
1 streaming video (293 minutes) : sound, colour.
  • Section 1. Foundations in instrumental methods and chemometrics
  • Lesson 1. Analytical methods
  • Lesson 2. Instrumental electronics and signal processing
  • Lesson 3. Signal and noise
  • Section 2. Atomic and molecular spectroscopy
  • Lesson 4. Atomic spectrometric methods
  • Lesson 5. Molecular spectrometric methods
  • Lesson 6. Real-world applications
  • Section 3. Electroanalytical chemistry
  • Lesson 7. Potentiometry
  • Lesson 8. Coulometry
  • Lesson 9. Voltammetry
  • Section 4. Separation methods
  • Lesson 10. Gas and liquid chromatography
  • Lesson 11. Supercritical fluid chromatography and extraction
  • Lesson 12. Capillary electrophoresis
  • Section 5. An introduction to chemometrics
  • Lesson 13. Data acquisition and preprocessing
  • Lesson 14. Chemometric techniques
  • Lesson 15. Data interpretation.
The utilization of instruments and innovative methods to separate, identify, and quantify matter forms the foundation of analytical chemistry. New developments in the field have provided more effective analysis techniques. This provides a thorough overview of theoretical perspectives and practical application of analytical instrumentation. Highlighting relevant chemometric techniques and applications, this video is ideally designed for professionals, academics, researchers, and students actively involved in the field of analytical chemistry.
Book
xix, 416 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
Analytical Applications of Ionic Liquids reviews the current research in analytic chemistry, covering subjects as diverse as separation science, chromatography, spectroscopy and analytical electrochemistry.As scientific developments have moved into the 21st century, they have increasingly had to take into account the effects on the environment, both locally and globally. Ionic liquids promise entirely new methods for solution chemistry which could improve the quality of measurements and eliminate the negative impact of waste on the environment. Because of this, the search for applications of ionic liquids is growing in every area of analytical chemistry. Here, material is presented by specialists, giving a critical overview of the current literature surrounding this increasingly prominent topic. Analysis is carried out on latest achievements and applications, followed by critical discussion of possible future developments.As well as stimulating further research among established analytical chemists, this book can also be used for undergraduate and graduate courses on chemistry and chemical technology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781786340719 20161219
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
1 online resource.
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
Book
1 online resource : text file, PDF
  • Introduction. Basic principles of EPR and NMR spectroscopy. The main parameters characterizing EPR spectra. The main parameters characterizing NMR spectra. Applications of EPR spectroscopy. What we learn from the EPR spectra of organic radicals. What we learn from the EPR spectra of transition metal catalysts. What we learn from the NMR spectra of transition metal catalysts.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498742641 20171218
This book reviews advances in important and practically relevant homogeneous catalytic transformations, such as single-site olefin polymerizations and chemo- and stereo-selective oxidations. Close attention is paid to the experimental investigation of the active sites of catalytic oxidation systems and their mechanisms. Major subjects include the applications of NMR and EPR spectroscopic techniques and data obtained by other physical methods. The book addresses a broad readership and focus on widespread techniques available in labs with NMR and EPR spectrometers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498742641 20171218