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vii, 173 pages : illustrations (some color) ; [ca. 23-29] cm.
  • Recent progress in the fundamental understanding and practice of chaotropic chromatography: rationalizing the effects of analyte's structure with pharmaceutical applications. Quantitative Mass Spectrometry Imaging of Molecules in Biological Systems. Long range molecular interactions involved in the retention mechanisms of liquid chromatography. Immobilized chiral selectors on monolithic HPLC columns.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781351652971 20171218
For more than five decades, scientists and researchers have relied on the Advances in Chromatography series for the most up-to-date information on a wide range of developments in chromatographic methods and applications. For Volume 54, the series editors have invited established, well-known chemists to offer cutting-edge reviews of chromatographic methods applied in the life sciences that emphasize the underlying principle of separation science. The clear presentation of topics and vivid illustrations for which this series has become known makes the material accessible and engaging to analytical, biochemical, organic, polymer, and pharmaceutical chemists at all levels of technical skill.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781351652971 20171218
1 online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • 1. Carbon, the Black, the Gray and the Transparent.- 2. Historical Production and Use of Carbon Materials----The Activated Carbon.- 3. Historical Production and Use of Carbon Materials- (Carbon Composites).- 4. Historical Production and Use of Carbon Materials-(polymers).- 5. Coal, the Black Carbon.- 6. Carbon, the Gray (Graphite).- 7. (Graphene).- 8. (Carbon Nanotubes, CNTs).- 9. The Transparent Carbon---the Diamond.- 10. Fullerenes.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319664040 20180226
All living things contain carbon in some form, as it is the primary component of macromolecules including proteins, lipids, nucleic acids (RNA and DNA), and carbohydrates. As a matter of fact, it is the backbone of all organic (chemistry) compounds forming different kinds of bonds. Carbon: The Black, the Gray and the Transparent is not a complete scientific history of the material, but a book that describes key discoveries about this old faithful element while encouraging broader perspectives and approaches to its research due to its vast applications. All allotropes of carbon are described in this book, along with their properties, uses, and methods of procurement or manufacturing. Black carbon is represented by coal, gray carbon is represented by graphite, and transparent carbon is represented by diamond.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319664040 20180226
xxi, 794 pages ; 27 cm
  • Preface Acknowledgments Author Chapter 1 Introduction to Polymers Chapter 2 Polymer Structure (Morphology) Chapter 3 Molecular Weight of Polymers Chapter 4 Polycondensation Polymers (Step-Reaction Polymerization) Chapter 5 Ionic Chain-Reaction and Complex Coordination Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Chapter 6 Free Chain Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Chapter 7 Copolymerization Chapter 8 Composites and Fillers Chapter 9 Naturally Occurring Polymers-Plants Chapter 10 Naturally Occurring Polymers-Animals Chapter 11 Organometallic and Inorganic-Organic Polymers Chapter 12 Inorganic Polymers Chapter 13 Testing and Spectrometric Characterization of Polymers Chapter 14 Rheology and Physical Tests Chapter 15 Additives Chapter 16 Reactions on Polymers Chapter 17 Synthesis of Reactants and Intermediates for Polymers Chapter 18 Polymer Technology Chapter 19 Selected Topics Appendix A: Symbols Appendix B: Structures of Common Polymers Appendix C: Mathematical Values and Units Appendix D: Comments on Health Appendix E: ISO 9000 and 14000 Appendix F: Electronic Education Websites Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498737388 20180115
Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Tenth Edition integrates the core areas of polymer science. Along with updating of each chapter, newly added content reflects the growing applications in Biochemistry, Biomaterials, and Sustainable Industries. Providing a user-friendly approach to the world of polymeric materials, the book allows students to integrate their chemical knowledge and establish a connection between fundamental and applied chemical information. It contains all of the elements of an introductory text with synthesis, property, application, and characterization. Special sections in each chapter contain definitions, learning objectives, questions, case studies and additional reading.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498737388 20180115
Science Library (Li and Ma)
x, 364 pages ; 24 cm.
Science Library (Li and Ma)

5. Chemistry [2018]

1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 29 cm
  • 1. Chemical Foundations.
  • 2. Atoms, Molecules, and Ions.
  • 3. Stoichiometry.
  • 4. Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry.
  • 5. Gases
  • 6. Thermochemistry.
  • 7. Atomic Structure and Periodicity.
  • 8. Bonding: General Concepts.
  • 9. Covalent Bonding: Orbitals.
  • 10. Liquids and Solids.
  • 11. Properties of Solutions.
  • 12. Chemical Kinetics.
  • 13. Chemical Equilibrium.
  • 14. Acids and Bases.
  • 15. Acid-Base Equilibria.
  • 16. Solubility and Complex Ion Equilibria.
  • 17. Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy.
  • 18. Electrochemistry.
  • 19. The Nucleus: A Chemist's View.
  • 20. The Representative Elements.
  • 21. Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry.
  • 22. Organic and Biological Molecules.
  • Appendix 1. Mathematical Procedures.
  • A1.1 Exponential Notation.
  • A1.2 Logarithms.
  • A1.3 Graphing Functions.
  • A1.4 Solving Quadratic Equations.
  • A1.5 Uncertainties in Measurements.
  • Appendix 2. The Quantitative Kinetic Molecular Model.
  • Appendix 3. Spectral Analysis.
  • Appendix 4. Selected Thermodynamic Data.
  • Appendix 5. Equilibrium Constants and Reduction Potentials.
  • A5.1 Values of Ka for Some Common Monoprotic Acids.
  • A5.2 Stepwise Dissociation Constants for Several Common Polyprotic Acids.
  • A5.3 Values of Kb for Some Common Weak Bases.
  • A5.4 Ksp Values at 25 C for Common Ionic Solids.
  • A5.5 Standard Reduction Potentials at 25C (298K) for Many Common Half-Reactions.
  • Appendix 6. SI Units and Conversion Factors.
  • Appendix 7. Molecular Spectroscopy: an Introduction.
Science Library (Li and Ma)
1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 28 cm
  • Portable electronics : the periodic table in the palm of your hand
  • The air we breathe
  • Radiation from the sun
  • Climate change
  • Energy from combustion
  • Energy from alternative sources
  • Energy storage
  • Water everywhere : a most precious resource
  • The world of polymers and plastics
  • Brewing and chewing
  • Nutrition
  • Health & medicine
  • Genes and life
  • Who killed Dr. Thompson? : a forensic mystery
  • Appendices: 1. Measure for measure : metric prefixes, conversion factors, and constants ; 2. The power of exponents ; 3. Clearing the logjam ; 4. Answers to your turn questions ; 5. Answers to selected end-of-chapter questions indicated in blue in the text
  • Glossary.
Science Library (Li and Ma)
1 volume (various pagings) ; 29 cm
  • 1. Introduction: Matter, Energy, and Measurement 2. Atoms, Molecules, and Ions 3. Chemical Reactions and Reaction Stoichiometry 4. Reactions in Aqueous Solution 5. Thermochemistry 6. Electronic Structure of Atoms 7. Periodic Properties of the Elements 8. Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding 9. Molecular Geometry and Bonding Theories 10. Gases 11. Liquids and Intermolecular Forces 12. Solids and Modern Materials 13. Properties of Solutions 14. Chemical Kinetics 15. Chemical Equilibrium 16. Acid-Base Equilibria 17. Additional Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria 18. Chemistry of the Environment 19. Chemical Thermodynamics 20. Electrochemistry 21. Nuclear Chemistry 22. Chemistry of the Nonmetals 23. Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry 24. The Chemistry of Life: Organic and Biological Chemistry Appendices Mathematical Operations Properties of Water Thermodynamic Quantities for Selected Substances at 298.15 K (25omicron C) Aqueous Equilibrium Constants Standard Reduction Potentials at 25omicron C Answers to Selected Exercises Answers to Give It Some Thought Answers to Go Figure Answer to Selected Practice Exercises Glossary Photo and Art Credits.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780134414232 20170515
For courses in two-semester general chemistry. Accurate, data-driven authorship with expanded interactivity leads to greater student engagement Unrivaled problem sets, notable scientific accuracy and currency, and remarkable clarity have made Chemistry: The Central Science the leading general chemistry text for more than a decade. Trusted, innovative, and calibrated, the text increases conceptual understanding and leads to greater student success in general chemistry by building on the expertise of the dynamic author team of leading researchers and award-winning teachers. In this new edition, the author team draws on the wealth of student data in Mastering(TM) Chemistry to identify where students struggle and strives to perfect the clarity and effectiveness of the text, the art, and the exercises while addressing student misconceptions and encouraging thinking about the practical, real-world use of chemistry. New levels of student interactivity and engagement are made possible through the enhanced eText 2.0 and Mastering Chemistry, providing seamlessly integrated videos and personalized learning throughout the course . Also available with Mastering Chemistry Mastering(TM) Chemistry is the leading online homework, tutorial, and engagement system, designed to improve results by engaging students with vetted content. The enhanced eText 2.0 and Mastering Chemistry work with the book to provide seamless and tightly integrated videos and other rich media and assessment throughout the course. Instructors can assign interactive media before class to engage students and ensure they arrive ready to learn. Students further master concepts through book-specific Mastering Chemistry assignments, which provide hints and answer-specific feedback that build problem-solving skills. With Learning Catalytics(TM) instructors can expand on key concepts and encourage student engagement during lecture through questions answered individually or in pairs and groups. Mastering Chemistry now provides students with the new General Chemistry Primer for remediation of chemistry and math skills needed in the general chemistry course. Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; Mastering(TM) Chemistry does not come packaged with this content. Students, if interested in purchasing this title with Mastering Chemistry , ask your instructor for the correct package ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyLab & Mastering, search for: 0134292812 / 9780134292816 Chemistry: The Central Science Plus Mastering Chemistry with eText -- Access Card Package Package consists of: *0134294165 / 9780134294162 Mastering Chemistry with Pearson eText -- ValuePack Access Card -- for Chemistry: The Central Science*0134414233 / 9780134414232 Chemistry: The Central Science Mastering Chemistry should only be purchased when required by an instructor.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780134414232 20170515
Science Library (Li and Ma)
1 online resource (xiv, 377 pages.)
  • Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modelling Basics-- Molecular Dynamics Computer Simulations of Biological Systems-- Designing Chemical Tools with Computational Chemistry-- Computational Design of Protein Function-- Computational Enzymology: Modelling Biological Catalysts-- Computational Chemistry Tools in Glycobiology: Modelling of Carbohydrate-Protein Interactions-- Molecular Modelling of Nucleic Acids-- Uncovering GPCR and G Protein Function by Protein Structure Network Analysis-- Current Challenges in the Computational Modelling of Molecular Recognition Processes-- Novel Insights into Membrane Transport from Computational Methodologies-- Application of Molecular Modelling to Speed-up the Lead Discovery Process-- Molecular Modelling and Simulations Applied to Challenging Drug Discovery Targets-- The Polypharmacology Gap Between Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781788012560 20171211
The rapid development of efficient computational tools has allowed researchers to tackle biological problems and to predict, analyse and monitor, at an atomic level, molecular recognition processes. This book offers a fresh perspective on how computational tools can aid the chemical biology research community and drive new research.Chapters from internationally renowned leaders in the field introduce concepts and discuss the impact of technological advances in computer hardware and software in explaining and predicting phenomena involving biomolecules, from small molecules to macromolecular systems. Important topics from the understanding of biomolecules to the modification of their functions are addressed, as well as examples of the application of tools in drug discovery, glycobiology, protein design and molecular recognition. Not only are the cutting-the-edge methods addressed, but also their limitations and possible future development.For anyone wishing to learn how computational chemistry and molecular modelling can provide information not easily accessible through other experimental methods, this book will be a valuable resource. It will be of interest to postgraduates and researchers in the biological and chemical sciences, medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry, and theoretical chemistry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781788012560 20171211
1 online resource (204 p.) : ill. (some col).
  • Chain persistency in macromolecular and supramolecular systems / Katrin Wunderlich, Klaus Müllen and George Fytas
  • Structure in thin films of p-conjugated semi-conductors from the perspective of transmission electron microscopy / Martin Brinkmann
  • Structuring conjugated polymer and polyelectrolytes through self-assembly / Hugh D. Burrows, Beverly Stewart, Luisa Ramos and Licinia L.G. Justino
  • Specific interactions between electroactive conducting polymers and DNA bases / Carlos Alemán and David Zanuy
  • Supramolecular assemblies of DNA/conjugated polymers / Jérémie Knoops, Jenifer Rubio-Magnieto, Sébastien Richeter, Sébastien Clément and Mathieu Surin
  • High throughput in situ scattering of roll-to-roll coated functional polymer films / Jens Wenzel Andreasen
  • High pressure structural studies of conjugated polymers / Matti Knaapila, Mika Torkkeli, Ullrich Scherf and Suchismita Guha.
"This book identifies modern topics and current trends of structural and soft matter aspects of conjugated polymers and oligomers. Each chapter recognizes an active research line where structural perspective dominates research and therefore the book covers fundamental aspects of persistent conjugated polymer backbone, water soluble conjugated polyelectrolytes and surfactants, conjugated molecules and biomolecules and DNA and the advanced use of synchrotron radiation and electron microscopy to find out structural details in conjugated molecule films and devices as well as under ambient and extreme conditions."-- Provided by publisher.
1 online resource (269 p.) : ill. (chiefly col.)
"Cryptands were introduced by Jean-Marie Lehn in 1969 as cage-shaped selective ligands for alkali and alkaline-earth metal ions, which lie at the heart of supramolecular chemistry. This book reports on much of the research in the field since the '70s, and looks at, amongst other topics, metal coordination chemistry, anion coordination chemistry, the encapsulation and taming of reactive anions, the formation of cascade complexes and the design of fluorescent sensors for ionic analytes. Cryptands and Cryptates has been written as a coursebook, structured as a series of lectures for graduate students or advanced researchers in chemistry, materials science, chemical biology and nanotechnology. It is fully illustrated to show experiments and results, and is intended to stimulate further interest in this fertile field of supramolecular chemistry."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource : illustrations.
  • 1. Introduction on Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems 2. Theoretical aspects of polymer crystallization in multiphase systems 3. Developments of experimental techniques in understanding the polymer crystallization 4. Effects of Mass Transport on Crystallization from Miscible Polymer Blends 5. Crystallization behavior of crystalline-amorphous and crystalline-crystalline block copolymers containing poly(L-lactide) 6. Crystallization and Morphology of Block Copolymers and Terpolymers with more than one Crystallizable Block 7. Crystallization behaviour of semicrystalline immiscible polymer blends 8. Crystallization behaviour of semicrystalline miscible blends 9. Fractionated crystallisation of polymer blends 10. Crystallization behaviour of polymer nanocomposites 11. Crystallisation of polymer blend nanocomposites 12. Trans-crystallization in polymer composites and nanocomposites 13. Crystallization of polymers in confined geometries 14. Crystallization behavior of semicrystalline polymers in the presence of nucleating agent 15. Strain induced crystallization 16. Effect of Ionic Liquids on the Crystallization Kinetics of various Polymers and Polymer electrolytes 17. Stereocomplex Crystallization of Polymers with Complementary Configuration.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128094532 20171017
Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems is the first book that explains in depth the crystallization behavior of multiphase polymer systems. Polymeric structures are more complex in nature than other material structures due to their significant structural disorder. Most of the polymers used today are semicrystalline, and the subject of crystallization is still one of the major issues relating to the performance of semicrystalline polymers in the modern polymer industry. The study of the crystallization processes, crystalline morphologies and other phase transitions is of great significance for the understanding the structure-property relationships of these systems. Crystallization in block copolymers, miscible blends, immiscible blends, and polymer composites and nanocomposites is thoroughly discussed and represents the core coverage of this book. The book critically analyzes the kinetics of nucleation and growth process of the crystalline phases in multi-component polymer systems in different length scales, from macro to nanoscale. Various experimental techniques used for the characterization of polymer crystallization process are discussed. Written by experts in the field of polymer crystallization, this book is a unique source and enables professionals and students to understand crystallization behavior in multiphase polymer systems such as block copolymers, polymer blends, composites and nanocomposites.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128094532 20171017
1 online resource.
  • List of Contributors 1. Principles of Dynamic Covalent Chemistry 2. Dynamic Combinatorial Libraries 3. Shape-Persistent Macrocycles through Dynamic Covalent Reactions 4. Chapter 4. Organic Cages through Dynamic Covalent Reactions 5. Orthogonal Dynamic Covalent and Non-covalent Reactions 6. Self-Sorting through Dynamic Covalent Chemistry. 7. Dynamic Covalent Chemistry for Synthetic Molecular Machines 8. Responsive Dynamic-Covalent Polymers 9. Responsive Dynamic-Covalent Polymers 10. Emerging Applications of Dynamic Covalent Chemistry From Macro- to Nanoscopic Length Scales Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119075639 20170925
The first and only exhaustive review of the theory, thermodynamic fundamentals, mechanisms, and design principles of dynamic covalent systems Dynamic Covalent Chemistry: Principles, Reactions, and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the theory, thermodynamic fundamentals, mechanisms, and design principles of dynamic covalent systems. It features contributions from a team of international scientists, grouped into three main sections covering the principles of dynamic covalent chemistry, types of dynamic covalent chemical reactions, and the latest applications of dynamic covalent chemistry (DCvC) across an array of fields. The past decade has seen tremendous progress in (DCvC) research and industrial applications. The great synthetic power and reversible nature of this chemistry has enabled the development of a variety of functional molecular systems and materials for a broad range of applications in organic synthesis, materials development, nanotechnology, drug discovery, and biotechnology. Yet, until now, there have been no authoritative references devoted exclusively to this powerful synthetic tool, its current applications, and the most promising directions for future development. Dynamic Covalent Chemistry: Principles, Reactions, and Applications fills the yawning gap in the world literature with comprehensive coverage of: The energy landscape, the importance of reversibility, enthalpy vs. entropy, and reaction kineticsSingle-type, multi-type, and non-covalent reactions, with a focus on the advantages and disadvantages of each reaction typeDynamic covalent assembly of discrete molecular architectures, responsive polymer synthesis, and drug discoveryImportant emerging applications of dynamic covalent chemistry in nanotechnology, including both material- and bio-oriented directionsReal-world examples describing a wide range of industrial applications for organic synthesis, functional materials development, nanotechnology, drug delivery and more Dynamic Covalent Chemistry: Principles, Reactions, and Applications is must-reading for researchers and chemists working in dynamic covalent chemistry and supramolecular chemistry. It will also be of value to academic researchers and advanced students interested in applying the principles of (DCvC) in organic synthesis, functional materials development, nanotechnology, drug discovery, and chemical biology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119075639 20170925
1 online resource (449 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"This book documents Professor Jacques Simonet's contribution to building new electrode materials and their related catalytic reactions. Research includes synthesis of new alloys of palladium, discovery of new composite electrodes (including gold- and silver-graphene) and the creation of new materials through judicious cathodic or anodic doping. Additionally, studies demonstrate the malleability and reactivity of previously unused precious and semi-precious metals for the creation of 2D and 3D catalytic materials. Studies key to innovative research show how transition metals may reversibly cathodically insert small size electro-active molecules such as CO2 and O2, and be applied to methods of depollution brought by carbon and nitrogen oxides. Written for practical use, Simonet has provided both theory and tools needed for those aiming to recreate and develop his experiments in electrochemical catalysis and surface modifications. This full publication of research gives graduate and post-graduate students of chemistry, electrochemistry and catalysis an in-depth insight into key historical and modern developments in the field."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Frontmatter
  • Preface
  • Contents
  • 1. Flow characteristics (rheology) of colloidal dispersions
  • 2. Wetting and spreading
  • 3. Solid/liquid dispersions (suspensions)
  • 4. Liquid/liquid dispersions (emulsions)
  • 5. Multiple emulsions
  • 6. Gas (air)/liquid dispersions (foams)
  • 7. Liquid/solid dispersions (gels)
  • 8. Polymer colloids (latexes)
  • 9. Microemulsions
  • 10. Liposomes and vesicles
  • 11. Deposition of particles at interfaces and their adhesion
  • 12. Characterization, assessment and prediction of stability of colloidal dispersions
  • Index
1 online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Frontmatter
  • Preface / Tadros, Tharwat
  • Contents
  • Part I: Colloid and interface science in pharmacy
  • 1. Disperse systems
  • 2. Surface activity and colloidal properties of drugs
  • 3. Solubilized systems, liposomes and vesicles in pharmacy
  • 4. Solid lipid nanoparticles, polymer gels and capsules
  • 5. Drug delivery and drug targeting
  • Part II: Colloid and interface science in cosmetics and personal care
  • 6. Surfactants used in cosmetic and personal care formulations, their properties and surfactant–polymer interaction
  • 7. Cosmetic emulsions
  • 8. Nanoemulsions in cosmetics
  • 9. Multiple emulsions in cosmetics
  • 10. Shampoos, gels and hair conditioners
  • 11. Sunscreens for UV protection
  • 12. Colour cosmetics
  • Index
1 online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Frontmatter
  • Preface
  • Contents
  • Part I: Colloid and interface science in agrochemical formulations
  • 1. Surfactants used in agrochemical formulations and their solution properties
  • 2. Emulsion concentrates (EWs)
  • 3. Suspension concentrates (SCs)
  • 4. Suspoemulsions
  • 5. Oil-based suspension concentrates
  • 6. Microemulsions in agrochemicals
  • 7. Controlled-release formulations
  • 8. Interfacial aspects of agrochemical spray formulations
  • Part II: Colloid and interface science in paints and coatings
  • 9. General introduction
  • 10. Emulsion, dispersion and suspension polymerization preparation of polymer colloids and their stabilization
  • 11. Pigment dispersion and the role of surfactants in wetting
  • 12. Breaking of aggregates and agglomerates (deagglomeration) and size reduction
  • 13. Rheology of paint formulations
  • Part III: Colloid and interface science in food colloids
  • 14. Interaction between food-grade surfactants and water
  • 15. Proteins as emulsifiers and their interaction with polysaccharides
  • 16. Surfactant association structures, microemulsions and emulsions in food
  • 17. Rheology of food emulsions
  • 18. Food rheology and mouth feel
  • Index
1 online resource (xx, 1154 pages)
  • Volume 1 Preface to the Third Edition xiii Preface to the Second Edition xv Preface to the First Edition xvii Introduction xix Introduction and General Aspects 1 1.1 Hydrocarbons and Their Classes 1 1.2 Energy Hydrocarbon Relationships 2 1.3 Hydrocarbon Sources 4 Extraterrestrial Hydrocarbons 15 1.4 Hydrocarbon Production from Natural Sources 16 1.5 Hydrocarbon Synthesis 20 1.6 Nonrenewable and Renewable Hydrocarbons 27 1.7 Regenerative Hydrocarbons from CO2 Emission Capture and Recycling 29 1.8 Hydrocarbon Functionalization Reactions 30 1.9 Use of Hydrocarbons, Petroleum Oil 35 1.9.1 Energy Generation, Storage, and Delivery: Heating 36 1.9.2 Transportation Fuels 36 1.9.3 Chemical Products, Plastics, and Pharmaceuticals 38 References 38 Hydrocarbons from Petroleum and Natural Gas 49 2.1 Cracking 49 2.2 Reforming 62 Hydroforming 64 Metal-Catalyzed Reforming 65 2.3 Dehydrogenation with Olefin Production 71 Heterogeneous Catalysts 73 Homogeneous Catalysts 78 C2 C3 Alkenes 85 C4 Alkenes 86 Buta-1,3-diene and Isoprene 87 Higher Olefins 88 Styrene 88 2.4 Upgrading of Natural-Gas Liquids 89 2.5 Aromatics Production 89 References 102 Synthesis from C Sources 125 3.1 Aspects of C1 Chemistry 126 3.2 Chemical Reduction to Methanol and Oxygenates-- Recycling of CO2 127 Heterogeneous Hydrogenation 129 Homogeneous Hydrogenation 137 Ionic Reduction 143 Electrochemical and Electrocatalytic Reduction 143 Photoreduction 146 Enzymatic Reduction 148 3.3 Fischer Tropsch Chemistry 149 3.4 Oxygenation of Methane 166 Methanol Synthesis 166 3.5 Oligocondensation of Methane 173 3.6 Hydrocarbons from Methane Derivatives 186 Methanol Conversion to Hydrocarbons 186 Methanol to Hydrocarbon Technologies 196 Methanol to Gasoline 196 Methanol to Olefin 197 Methanol to Propylene 198 References 200 Isomerization 237 4.1 Acid-Catalyzed and Bifunctional Isomerization 238 Mechanism 243 Side-Chain Isomerization 250 Positional Isomerization 250 4.2 Base-Catalyzed Isomerization 262 4.2.1 Alkenes 262 4.3 Metal-Catalyzed Isomerization 266 4.4 Pericyclic Rearrangements 277 4.5 Practical Applications 284 Alkanes 284 Alkenes 285 4.5.2 Isomerization of Xylenes 286 References 287 Alkylations 305 5.1 Acid-Catalyzed Alkylation 305 Alkylolysis (Alkylative Cleavage) 317 Alkylation of Alkenes with Organic Halides 318 Alkylation of Alkynes 320 Alkylation with Carbonyl Compounds: The Prins Reaction 320 Catalysts 324 Alkylation with Alkyl Halides 326 Alkylation with Alkenes 331 Alkylation with Alkanes 335 Alkylation with Other Reagents 338 5.2 Base-Catalyzed Alkylation 350 5.3 Alkylation through Organometallics 352 5.4 Miscellaneous Alkylations 356 5.5 Practical Applications 360 References 369 Addition Reactions 389 6.1 Hydration 389 Production of Alcohols by Hydration of Alkenes 395 Production of Octane-Enhancing Oxygenates 396 Acetaldehyde 397 6.2 HX Addition 398 Alkenes 398 Dienes 403 Alkynes 404 Ethyl Chloride 411 Hydrochlorination of Buta-1,3-diene 411 Vinyl Chloride 411 Ethylene Chlorohydrin 412 Propylene Chlorohydrin 412 Adiponitrile 412 Acrylonitrile 413 6.3 Halogen Addition 413 Vinyl Chloride 422 Chlorination of Buta-1,3-diene 424 6.4 Addition to Form C N Bonds 424 6.5 Addition to Form C O, C S, and C P Bonds 433 6.6 Hydrometalation 439 Alkenes 440 Dienes 446 Alkynes 448 Alkenes 452 Dienes 456 Alkynes 457 6.7 Halometalation 462 6.8 Solvometalation 465 6.9 Carbometalation 466 6.10 Cycloaddition 471 References 477 Carbonylation and Carboxylation 509 7.1 Carbonylation 509 Hydroformylation in Biphasic Solvent Systems 515 The Use of Heterogeneous Catalysts 516 Hydroformylation of Higher Alkenes 518 Hydroformylation of Internal Alkenes 519 Asymmetric Hydroformylation 520 7.2 Carboxylation 533 Saturated Hydrocarbons 534 Aromatic Hydrocarbons 536 Hydrocarboxylation and hydroesterification 539 Aminocarboxylation 545 Neocarboxylic Acids 547 Hydrocarboxymethylation of Long-Chain Alkenes 547 Propionic Acid 547 Acrylic Acid and Acrylates 548 References 548 Acylation 569 8.1 Acylation of Aromatics 569 New Soluble Catalysts 573 Solid Catalysts 575 The Gattermann Koch Reaction 577 The Gattermann Reaction 579 Other Formylations 580 8.2 Acylation of Aliphatic Compounds 581 References 586 Index 000 Volume 2 Preface to the Third Edition xi Preface to the Second Edition xiii Preface to the First Edition xv Introduction xvii Oxidation Oxygenation 593 9.1 Oxidation of Alkanes 594 Autoxidation of Alkanes 594 Oxidation of Methane 596 Oxidation with Stoichiometric Oxidants 606 Oxidation Catalyzed by Enzymes and Metalloporphyrins 613 Metal-Catalyzed Oxidation in the Homogeneous Phase 616 Oxidation Induced by Heterogeneous Catalysts 619 Metal Oxidants 623 Electrophilic Reagents 624 Oxygenolysis 628 9.2 Oxidation of Alkenes 630 Direct Oxidation with Stoichiometric Oxidants 630 Metal-Catalyzed Epoxidation 635 Epoxidation Catalyzed by Metalloporphyrins 644 Asymmetric Epoxidation 647 Autoxidation 650 Reactions with Singlet Oxygen 650 Bis-Hydroxylation 656 Bis-Acetoxylation 663 Oxidation with Palladium in the Homogeneous Phase 664 Oxidation with Other Reagents 669 Vinylic Acetoxylation 671 Ozonation 673 Mechanism 673 Synthetic Applications 676 Other Oxidants 678 Allylic Hydroxylation and Acyloxylation 681 Oxidation to , -Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds 686 9.3 Oxidation of Alkynes 690 9.4 Oxidation of Aromatics 693 Oxidation to Phenols 693 Ring Acyloxylation 701 Oxidation to Quinones 702 Oxidation to Arene Oxides and Arene Diols 703 Oxidation with Singlet Oxygen 704 Oxidation of Methyl-Substituted Aromatics 706 Oxidation of Other Arenes 708 Benzylic Acetoxylation 711 9.5 Practical Applications 712 Acetic Acid 712 Maleic Anhydride 713 Oxidation of Cyclohexane 715 Oxidation of Cyclododecane 715 sec-Alcohols 715 Ethylene Oxide 716 Propylene Oxide 718 Acetaldehyde and Acetone 719 Vinyl Acetate 719 1,4-Diacetoxybut-2-ene 720 Acrolein and Acrylic Acid 720 Methacrolein and Methacrylic Acid 721 Acrylonitrile 721 Other Processes 722 Phenol and Acetone 722 Benzoic Acid 723 Terephthalic Acid 723 Maleic Anhydride 724 Phthalic Anhydride 725 Anthraquinone 727 References 727 Heterosubstitution 795 10.1 Electrophilic (Acid-Catalyzed) Substitution 795 Halogenation 796 Nitration 798 Sulfuration 799 Halogenation 800 Nitration 804 Sulfonation 808 Synthesis of Sulfoxides and Sulfones 810 Chlorobenzene 811 Nitration of Benzene and Toluene 811 Sulfonation of Benzene and Alkylbenzenes 811 10.2 Free-Radical Substitution 812 Chlorination 812 Fluorination 817 Bromination 818 Iodination 819 Side-Chain Halogenation of Arylalkanes 819 Chlorination of Alkanes 824 Side-Chain Chlorination of Toluene 826 Unsaturated Chlorides 826 Sulfochlorination of Alkanes 827 Nitroalkanes 827 10.3 Formation of C N Bonds 827 10.4 Formation of Carbon Metal Bonds 831 Borylation 837 Silylation 840 Al, Ge, and Sn Derivatives 841 10.5 Miscellaneous Derivatives 842 References 843 Reduction Hydrogenation 863 11.1 Heterogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation 864 Mechanism 866 Stereochemistry 870 11.2 Homogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation 886 Mechanism 891 Selectivity and Stereochemistry 893 Asymmetric Hydrogenation 896 11.3 Transfer Hydrogenation 904 11.4 Chemical and Electrochemical Reduction 906 Mechanism 911 Selectivity 911 11.5 Ionic Hydrogenation 913 11.6 Hydrogenolysis of Saturated Hydrocarbons 918 11.7 Practical Applications 931 C2 Hydrorefining 931 C3 Hydrorefining 931 C4 Hydrorefining 931 Gasoline Hydrorefining 932 References 934 Metathesis 959 12.1 Metathesis of Acyclic Alkenes 960 12.2 Alkane Metathesis 973 12.3 Metathesis of Alkynes 976 12.4 Ring-Closing Metathesis 978 12.5 Ring-Opening Metathesis and Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization 979 12.6 Practical Applications 983 References 986 Oligomerization and Polymerization 1001 13.1 Oligomerization 1001 Practical Applications 1006 Alkenes 1008 Alkynes 1013 Cyclooligomerization 1014 Practical Applications 1018 13.2 Polymerization 1021 Ziegler Natta Catalysts 1038 The Phillips Catalyst 1041 Group IV Metallocene Catalysts 1042 Postmetallocene Catalysts 1047 Stereoregular Polymerization of Propylene 1058 Isospecific Polymerization 1059 Syndiospecific Polymerization 1064 Stereoregular Polymerization of Dienes 1065 Ethylene Polymers 1072 Polypropylene 1074 Polybutylenes 1075 Styrene Polymers 1076 Polydienes 1077 References 1078 Outlook 1111 14.1 Sustainable Hydrocarbon Chemistry for the Future 1111 14.2 Extraterrestrial Hydrocarbon Chemistry 1114 References 1115 Index 000.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119390510 20170925
This book provides an unparalleled contemporary assessment of hydrocarbon chemistry presenting basic concepts, current research, and future applications. Comprehensive and updated review and discussion of the field of hydrocarbon chemistry Includes literature coverage since the publication of the previous edition Expands or adds coverage of: carboxylation, sustainable hydrocarbons, extraterrestrial hydrocarbons Addresses a topic of special relevance in contemporary science, since hydrocarbons play a role as a possible replacement for coal, petroleum oil, and natural gas as well as their environmentally safe use Reviews of prior edition: ...literature coverage is comprehensive and ideal for quickly reviewing specific topics...of most value to industrial chemists... (Angewandte Chemie) and ...useful for chemical engineers as well as engineers in the chemical and petrochemical industries. (Petroleum Science and Technology).
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119390510 20170925
1 online resource
  • 1. Introduction: Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy 2. Basic Principles 3. Instrumentation and Sampling Methods 4. Environmental Dependence of Vibrational Spectra 5. Origin of Group Frequencies 6. IR and Raman Spectra-Structure Correlations: Characteristic Group Frequencies 7. General Outline and Strategies for infrared and Raman Spectral Interpretation 8. Illustrated IR and Raman Spectra Demonstrating Important Functional Groups 9. Unknown IR and Raman Spectra Appendix: IR Correlation Charts.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128041628 20180213
Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy, Principles and Spectral Interpretation, Second Edition provides a solid introduction to vibrational spectroscopy with an emphasis on developing critical interpretation skills. This book fully integrates the use of both IR and Raman spectroscopy as spectral interpretation tools, enabling the user to utilize the strength of both techniques while also recognizing their weaknesses. This second edition more than doubles the amount of interpreted IR and Raman spectra standards and spectral unknowns. The chapter on characteristic group frequencies is expanded to include increased discussions of sulphur and phosphorus organics, aromatic and heteroaromatics as well as inorganic compounds. New topics include a discussion of crystal lattice vibrations (low frequency/THz), confocal Raman microscopy, spatial resolution in IR and Raman microscopy, as well as criteria for selecting Raman excitation wavelengths. These additions accommodate the growing use of vibrational spectroscopy for process analytical monitoring, nanomaterial investigations, and structural and identity determinations to an increasing user base in both industry and academia.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128041628 20180213
xvii, 763 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
  • Section 1: Theoretical Foundations of Intermolecular Interactions-- Bonds and Intermolecular Interactions - The Return of Cohesion to Chemistry-- Using Computational Quantum Chemistry as a Tool to Understand the Structure of Molecular Crystals and the Nature of their Intermolecular Interactions-- Bonding in Organic Molecules and Condensed Phases. The Role of Repulsions-- On Topological Atoms and Bonds-- Quantitative Determination of the Nature of Intermolecular Bonds by EDA Analysis-- Beyond QTAIM: NCI Indexes as a Tool to Reveal Intermolecular Bonds in Molecular Aggregates-- Section 2: Spectroscopic and Database Information-- Molecular Beam and Spectroscopic Techniques: Towards Fundamental Understanding of Intermolecular Interactions/Bonds-- Solid-state NMR Techniques for the Study of Intermolecular Interactions-- The Use of Databases in the Study of Intermolecular Interactions-- Section 3: Isolated Intermolecular Interactions-- Intermolecular Interactions in Crystals-- The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond, from a Theoretical Perspective-- The CH...p Hydrogen Bond-- Hydrogen Bonds and Halogen Bonds - A Comparative Study-- The Cation-p Interaction-- Intramolecular Beryllium Bonds. Further Insights into Resonance Assistance Phenomena-- On the Nature of Hydrogen-Hydrogen Bonding-- Long, Multicenter Bonds in Radical Anion p-dimers-- Section 4: Intermolecular Interactions in Crystals-- Revealing the Intermolecular Bonds in Molecular Crystals Through Charge Density Methods-- Noncovalent Interactions in Crystal Structures: Quantifying Cooperativity in Hydrogen and Halogen Bonds-- Crystal Engineering: State of the Art and Open Challenges.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782621737 20180312
The field of crystal engineering concerns the design and synthesis of molecular crystals with desired properties. This requires an in-depth understanding of the intermolecular interactions within crystal structures. This new book brings together the latest information and theories about intermolecular bonding, providing an introductory text for graduates. The book is divided into three parts. The first part covers the nature, physical meaning and methods for identification and analysis of intermolecular bonds. The second part explains the different types of bond known to occur in molecular crystals, with each chapter written by a specialist in that specific bond type. The final part discusses the cooperativity effects of different bond types present in one solid. This comprehensive textbook will provide a valuable resource for all students and researchers in the field of crystallography, materials science and supramolecular chemistry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782621737 20180312
Science Library (Li and Ma)