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1 online resource (115 p.) : col. ill.
  • Vital statistics
  • Anatomy of the Sun
  • Blemishes on the Sun
  • The sphere of influence
  • Tools of the trade.
"This book is an attempt to demystify the activities of a celestial object such as the Sun appealing to basic physics already available to high school students. Building on simple logic, the contents begin with measurements of the gross properties of the Sun like size (volume) and mass from which the average density of solar material is shown to be almost equal to water's density. Then the temperature is obtained using the colour of sunlight, and the gravitational force is discussed to indicate how the solar material is compressed at the centre of the Sun leading to heating which further causes nuclear reactions. The roles of all the forces of nature, viz. strong, weak, electromagnetic and gravitation are shown in the construction of the Sun. The generation of magnetic fields by solar rotation and the eruptions of solar atmospheric material are also included. To further demystify the methods of obtaining all such facts about the Sun, a chapter is solely devoted to the different kinds of solar telescopes operating at different wavelengths and also at different locations ranging from outer space to deep underground, where solar neutrino flux is measured. The entire discussion is interspersed with historical encounters between giants of science to show the human face of scientific research."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource.
This research monograph presents a new dynamical framework for the study of secular morphological evolution of galaxies along the Hubble sequence. Classical approaches based on Boltzmann's kinetic equation, as well as on its moment-equation descendants the Euler and Navier-Stokes fluid equations, are inadequate for treating the maintenance and long-term evolution of systems containing self-organized structures such as galactic density-wave modes. A global and synthetic approach, incorporating correlated fluctuations of the constituent particles during a nonequilibrium phase transition, is adopted to supplement the continuum treatment. The cutting-edge research combining analytical, N-body simulational, and observational aspects, as well as the fundamental-physics connections it provides, make this work a valuable reference for researchers and graduate students in astronomy, astrophysics, cosmology, many-body physics, complexity theory, and other related fields. Contents Dynamical Drivers of Galaxy Evolution N-Body Simulations of Galaxy Evolution Astrophysical Implications of the Dynamical Theory Putting It All Together Concluding Remarks Appendix: Relation to Kinetics and Fluid Mechanics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783110525441 20180312
1 volume (various pagings) : illustration (some color), color map ; 28 cm
  • I. Developing Perspective 1. A Modern View of the Universe 2. Discovering the Universe for Yourself 3. The Science of Astronomy II. Key Concepts for Astronomy 4. Making Sense of the Universe: Understanding Motion, Energy, and Gravity 5. Light: The Cosmic Messenger III. Learning from Other Worlds 6. Formation of the Solar System 7. Earth and the Terrestrial Worlds 8. Jovian Planet Systems 9. Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets: Their Nature, Orbits, and Impacts 10. Other Planetary Systems: The New Science of Distant Worlds IV. Stars 11. Our Star 12. Surveying the Stars 13. Star Stuff 14. The Bizarre Stellar Graveyard V. Galaxies and Beyond 15. Our Galaxy 16. A Universe of Galaxies 17. The Birth of the Universe 18. Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and the Fate of the Universe VI. Life on Earth and Beyond 19. Life in the Universe.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780134446431 20171227
For one-semester courses in astronomy. A practical introduction to Astronomy with an emphasis on critical thinking about our place in the universe This 8th Edition of Essential Cosmic Perspective provides readers without science backgrounds with a streamlined, cutting-edge introduction to astronomy. Built on a strong tradition of effective pedagogy and coverage, the text focuses on skill-building and includes group work exercises that require active participation. Dedicated to bringing an understanding of the universe, its scientific basis and its relevance to our lives, each chapter is written to specific learning goals that build an ideal learning path for readers. Aiming to foster a lifelong learning experience, the authors focus on key concepts, providing big picture context, promoting conceptual understanding, and preferring plain language to jargon. The 8th Edition incorporates the latest scientific updates in the field of astronomy and includes new features that reinforce critical thinking and excite readers' curiosity. New features such as Extraordinary Claims engage readers by presenting extraordinary claims about the universe and how they were either supported or debunked as scientists collected more evidence, reinforcing the process of science and how scientists think critically to evaluate them. My Cosmic Perspective establishes a personal connection between readers and the cosmos as they learn to think critically about the meaning of what they learn in their astronomy studies and beyond. Designed and written for a one semester course, this text shares many of the strengths of its more comprehensive best-selling sibling, The Cosmic Perspective. Also available with Mastering Astronomy Mastering (TM) Astronomy is the leading online homework, tutorial, and assessment system, designed to improve results by engaging students with vetted, interactive content. Instructors ensure students arrive ready to learn by assigning new Interactive Prelecture videos that give students exposure to key concepts before class and open classroom time for active learning or deeper discussions of topics. With Learning Catalytics (TM) instructors can expand on key concepts and encourage student engagement during lecture through questions answered individually or in pairs and groups. Students further master concepts through book-specific Mastering Astronomy assignments, which provide hints and answer-specific feedback that build problem-solving skills. Mastering Astronomy now features Virtual Astronomy Labs, providing assignable online laboratory activities that use Stellarium and Interactive Figures. Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; Mastering (TM) Astronomy does not come packaged with this content. Students, if interested in purchasing this title with Mastering Astronomy, ask your instructor for the correct package ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and Mastering Astronomy, search for: 0134516338 / 9780134516332 Essential Cosmic Perspective Plus Mastering Astronomy with eText, The -- Access Card Package Package consists of: 0134509293 / 9780134509297 Mastering Astronomy with Pearson eText -- ValuePack Access Card -- for Essential Cosmic Perspective, The0134446437 / 9780134446431 Essential Cosmic Perspective, The.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780134446431 20171227
Engineering Library (Terman)
1 online resource (186 p.) : ill. (some col.)
  • Origins of Cosmology
  • Principles of General Relativity
  • Einstein's Static Universe
  • Expansion and Redshift
  • Hubble's Law
  • Friedmann Models
  • Geometry of the Universe
  • λCDM Model
  • Distances in Astronomy
  • The Big Bang
  • Cosmic Microwave Background
  • Evolution of the Early Universe
  • Cosmological Horizon
  • Inflation of the Universe
  • Multiverse and the Anthropic Principle
  • Big Bang and Stellar Nucleosynthesis
  • Dark Matter
  • Dark Energy
  • Black Holes
  • Naked Singularities
  • Wormholes
  • Myths in Cosmology.
"This book is about the history and the current state of the art in the exciting field of cosmology — the science about the Universe as a whole, which is guaranteed to attract the attention of a wide range of readers. It mostly aims to explain the main ideas of modern cosmology: the expanding Universe, its creation in a Big Bang, its evolution, characteristics, and structure, as well as issues — dark matter and dark energy, black holes and other exotic objects etc. It also answers most frequently asked questions about cosmology. How the Universe Works stands between a popular science book and a textbook, acting as a sort of a bridge across the great chasm separating popular science from true science. It can be also used as an introductory textbook for undergraduate students. It is also suitable for the non-experts in cosmology who wish to have an overview of the current state of the field. It is different from most popular science books because it avoids cutting corners in explanations and contains justification for various assumptions or estimations made in cosmology. It does not hide problems faced by modern cosmology as well as issues the community has no consensus about. It also does not try to pass hypotheses for established theories, which is not uncommon in scholarly articles."-- Provided by publisher.
x, 364 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (chiefly color) ; 29 cm.
  • Part 1 - Geodetic Reference Systems and Frames.- Simulation of VLBI observations to determine a global TRF for GGOS.- The Assessment of the Temporal Evolution of Space Geodetic Terrestrial Reference Frames.- Analysis strategies for the densification of the ICRF with VLBA Calibrator Survey sources.- Towards the Definition and Realization of a Global Absolute Gravity Reference System.- Part 2 - Static Gravity Field Observations and Modelling.- The linearized fixed gravimetric boundary value problem and its solution in spheroidal approximation.- On the convergence of the h-p finite element method for solving boundary value problems in physical geodesy.- Domain Transformation and the Iteration Solution of the Linear Gravimetric Boundary Value Problem.- A New Argentinean Gravimetric Geoid Model - GEOIDEAR.- Exploitation of marine gravity measurements in the validation of global gravity field models.- Traceability of the Hannover FG5X-220 to the SI units.- Evaluation of Robert Sterneck's historical gravity pendulum measurements in the Czech territory.- Part 3 - Detection and Modelling of Gravity Field Variations.- Ground-satellite comparisons of time variable gravity: results, issues and on-going projects for the null test in arid regions.- Impact of groundtrack pattern of double pair missions on the gravity recovery quality - Lessons from the ESA SC4MGV project.- A posterior de-aliasing of ocean tide error in future double-pair satellite gravity missions.- A method of airborne gravimetry by combining strapdown inertial and new satellite observations via dynamic networks.- Hybrid gravimetry as a tool to monitor surface and underground mass changes.- Tidal spectroscopy from a long record of superconducting gravimeters in Strasbourg (France).- Investigations of a suspected jump in Swedish repeated absolute gravity time series.- Part 4 - Earth Rotation and Geodynamics.- Detailed analysis of diurnal tides and associated space nutation in the search of the Free Inner Core Nutation resonance.- Chandler wobble and frequency dependency of the ratio between gravity variation and vertical displacement for a simple Earth model with Maxwell or Burgers rheologies.- Detection of the atmospheric S1 tide in VLBI polar motion time series.- Free Core Nutation parameters from hydrostatic long-base tiltmeter records in Sainte Croix aux Mines (France).- Numerical Issues in Space-Geodetic Data Analysis and their Impact on Earth Orientation Parameter.- A non-tidal atmospheric loading model: On its quality and impacts on orbit determination and C20 from SLR.- Effects of meteorological input data on the VLBI station coordinates, network scale, and EOP.- History of monitoring Earth orientation, and re-analyses of old data.- Part 5 - Advances in GNSS Technologies, Data Processing, and Applications.- Multi-GNSS PPP-RTK: mixed-receiver network and user scenarios.- A New Method for Real-Time PPP Correction Updates.- Towards reliable and precise BeiDou positioning with stochastic modelling.- PPP carrier phase residual stacking for turbulence investigations.- On Removing Discrepancies Between Local Ties and GPS-Based Coordinates.- Receiver Antenna Phase Center Models and Their Impact on Geodetic Parameters.- Singular spectrum analysis for modeling geodetic time series.- Impact of Limited Satellite Visibility on Estimates of Vertical Land Movements.- Noise filtering augmentation of the Helmert transformation for the mapping of GNSS derived position time series to a target frame.- Part 6 - Geodetic Modelling of Atmospheric Variables.- Assessing GPS + Galileo Precise Point Positioning Capability for Integrated Water Vapor Estimation.- Atmospheric perceptible water in Somma-Vesuvius area during extreme weather events from ground-based GPS measurements.- Water vapor radiometer data in very long baseline interferometry data analysis.- Part 7 - Geodetic Monitoring of Surface Deformations.- Land subsidence detected by persistent scatterer interferometry using ALOS/PALSAR data from the Nakagawa lowland in the central Kanto Plain, Japan.- A new velocity field of Greece based on seven years (2008-2014) continuously operating GPS station data.- SPINA Region (South of Iberian Peninsula, North of Africa) GNSS geodynamic model.- Continuous Kinematic GPS Monitoring of a Glacier Lake Outburst Flood.- Water in Central Asia - Reservoir Monitoring with Radar Altimetry along the Naryn and Syr Darya Rivers.- Erratum to: AMethod of Airborne Gravimetry by Combining Strapdown Inertial and New Satellite Observations via Dynamic Networks.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319691695 20180205
This book series is composed of peer-reviewed proceedings of selected symposia organized by the International Association of Geodesy. It deals primarily with topics related to Geodesy Earth Sciences : terrestrial reference frame, Earth gravity field, Geodynamics and Earth rotation, Positioning and engineering applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319691695 20180205
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xiv, 316 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Astronomy and science in Ottoman era Egypt, as partly influenced by the publication The Lighthouse, and in scientific research of the time.
Green Library
270 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), color map ; 24 cm.
  • Variable hours in a changing society
  • Towers, pillows, and graphs: variation in clock design
  • Astronomical time measurement and changing conceptions of time
  • Geodesy, cartography, and time measurement
  • Navigation and global time
  • Time measurement on the ground in Kaga domain
  • Clock-makers at the crossroads
  • Western time and the rhetoric of enlightenment.
What is time made of? We might balk at such a question, and reply that time is not made of anything--it is an abstract and universal phenomenon. In Making Time, Yulia Frumer upends this assumption, using changes in the conceptualization of time in Japan to show that humans perceive time as constructed and concrete. In the mid-sixteenth century, when the first mechanical clocks arrived in Japan from Europe, the Japanese found them interesting but useless, because they failed to display time in units that changed their length with the seasons, as was customary in Japan at the time. In 1873, however, the Japanese government adopted the Western equal-hour system as well as Western clocks. Given that Japan carried out this reform during a period of rapid industrial development, it would be easy to assume that time consciousness is inherent to the equal-hour system and a modern lifestyle, but Making Time suggests that punctuality and time-consciousness are equally possible in a society regulated by a variable-hour system, arguing that this reform occurred because the equal-hour system better reflected a new conception of time--as abstract and universal--which had been developed in Japan by a narrow circle of astronomers, who began seeing time differently as a result of their measurement and calculation practices. Over the course of a few short decades this new way of conceptualizing time spread, gradually becoming the only recognized way of treating time.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780226516448 20180226
Green Library
xx, 539 pages, 32 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Green Library
1 online resource (181 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"Nuclear planetary science has come to play an important role in our understanding of the origin and evolution of the planetary bodies in our solar system. A newly established branch of planetary science, its study aids in humankind's exploration of the present states of the structures of various planetary bodies (including the Earth), their atmospheres and their satellites, as well as small celestial bodies (e.g. asteroids), through direct observation. Knowing the elemental composition of the planetary bodies is essential in order to understand the formation and evolution of planetary bodies — just as important as it is to know the mass, radius, density and orbit of the celestial body. Suitable for students and specialists interested in the much wider field of Earth and Planetary Science, topics related to the planets and asteroids in the solar system are dealt with in this book. Techniques related to nuclear planetary science's nuclear cosmochemical and geological methods are also covered in this book."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (374 p.) : ill. (chiefly col.)
  • Physical and chemical properties
  • Comet dynamics
  • Physical evolution in observable comets
  • Capture of comets
  • Formation of comet reservoirs
  • Origin of comet nuclei
  • Outlook.
"Since several decades, comets have been considered as key witnesses of solar system formation. Their nature has been explored using the modern arsenal of Earth- and space-based observations, and they hold a central place as dynamical arbiters of the planetary system in the new paradigm of solar system evolution known as the Nice Model. Thus, they have the potential to test the various ideas, using the detailed data recently gathered by the ESA/Rosetta mission. This requires an understanding of their origin and evolution, which form the subject of the present book. All the relevant issues are covered2, describing both the background and the current frontiers of research."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (186 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"This is a revisit of a radical theory of cometary panspermia and cosmic life that was first proposed by Chandra Wickramasinghe and the late Sir Fred Hoyle in 1982. In its earliest form the theory of cosmic life started off as a speculation in 1974 after the first discovery of complex organic molecules and polymeric dust in interstellar space. The speculation soon developed into a serious scientific theory, predictions of which were available to be verified or falsified. Over four decades there have been a multitude of tests and predictions of the theory being positive in vindicating the proposition of life as a cosmic rather than a purely terrestrial phenomenon. A paradigm shift of enormous magnitude and significance is to be expected. The ideas and theories described in this book would have a far-reaching influence affecting the future development of diverse branches of science."--Publisher's website.
1 online resource (xxii, 579 pages) : illustrations (chiefly color).

15. ABCs from space [2017]

1 volume (unpaged) : color illustrations ; 26 cm
An alphabet book of photographs of Earth taken from outer space that look like each letter. -- Provided by publisher.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
154 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Green Library
1 online resource (xx, 417 pages) : illustrations (some color).
xx, 344 pages ; 24 cm.
In 1984, Noel Swerdlow and Otto Neugebauer argued that Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) explained planetary motion by using mathematical devices and astronomical models originally developed by Islamic astronomers in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Was this a parallel development, or did Copernicus somehow learn of the work of his predecessors, and if so, how? And if Copernicus did use material from the Islamic world, how then should we understand the European context of his innovative cosmology? Although Copernicus's work has been subject to a number of excellent studies, there has been little attention paid to the sources and diverse cultures that might have inspired him. Foregrounding the importance of interactions between Islamic and European astronomers and philosophers, Before Copernicus explores the multi-cultural, multi-religious, and multi-lingual context of learning on the eve of the Copernican revolution, determining the relationship between Copernicus and his predecessors. Essays by Christopher Celenza and Nancy Bisaha delve into the European cultural and intellectual contexts of the fifteenth century, revealing both the profound differences between "them" and "us, " and the nascent attitudes that would mark the turn to modernity. Michael Shank, F. Jamil Ragep, Sally Ragep, and Robert Morrison depict the vibrant and creative work of astronomers in the Christian, Islamic, and Jewish worlds. In other essays, Rivka Feldhay, Raz Chen-Morris, and Edith Sylla demonstrate the importance of shifting outlooks that were critical for the emergence of a new worldview. Highlighting the often-neglected intercultural exchange between Islam and early modern Europe, Before Copernicus reimagines the scientific revolution in a global context.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780773550100 20170717
Green Library
200 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 21 cm.
Comets are different from anything else seen in the sky. They can appear anywhere, they move against the background of stars and they change their appearance with time, becoming fuzzy and then sprouting long tails. They have inspired scientists, artists, authors, innumerable religious figures and many people who have seen reflected in them their hopes, fears and sense of wonder in the universe. Comets takes the reader on a far-ranging exploration of these fascinating phenomena - the most beautiful and dramatic objects in the skies. Andrew Karam delves into the science of comets, the ways in which our scientific understanding of them has changed and how they have been depicted in art, religion, literature and popular culture. He also traces history's most important comets, including the comet that convinced the Romans that Julius Caesar was a god and the 1066 appearance of Halley's Comet, which was seen to foreshadow the death of Harold the Second in the Battle of Hastings. Comprehensive in scope and beautifully illustrated throughout, this enjoyable and informative book will appeal to anyone who wants to learn more about these compelling, remarkable celestial bodies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780238302 20171106
Green Library