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Book
xiii, 70 pages ; 22 cm.
  • Preface Chapter 1 How to create the conditions where science can help Chapter 2: How to express risk, confidence and (un)certainty Chapter 3: How to think about the future Chapter 4: How to engage with publics Chapter 5: How to ensure that when a Minister meets a Nobel Laureate they both have a great encounter List of Abbreviations.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319960852 20181008
This Palgrave Policy Essential draws together recent developments in the field of science in government, policy and public debate. Practice and academic insights from a wide variety of fields have both moved on in the last decade and this book provides a consolidated survey of the relatively well established but highly scattered set of insights about the provision of deeply technical expertise in policy making (models of climate or disease, risk, Artificial Intelligence and ethics, and so on). It goes on to link this to emerging ideas about futures thinking, public engagement, narrative, and the role of values and sentiment alongside the place of scientific and scholarly insights in public decision-making and debate. The book offers an accessible overview aimed at practitioners; policy-makers looking to understand how to work with researchers, researchers looking to work with policy-makers, and the increasing numbers and types of "brokers" - people working at the interface, in science advice, public engagement and communication of science, and in expert support to decision-making in the public and private sectors. In addition to outlining recent insights and placing them in the established frameworks of authors such as Pielke and Jasanoff, the book also brings in relevant areas less traditionally associated with the subject but of increasing importance, such as modelling, futures and narrative.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319960852 20181008
Green Library
Book
pages cm.
Green Library
Journal/Periodical
volumes : illustrations ; 30 cm
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
1 PDF (xv, 71 pages).
  • Preface Acknowledgments Thinking about Research A Starter Set of Paths to Enhance the Quality and Impact of Your Research Conclusion Author Biography.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781681734286 20181015
The thrill of discovery and the excitement of innovation mean that research is often immensely satisfying. But beyond the personal satisfaction, the goal of research is to improve the lives of people everywhere by driving revolutionary advances in healthcare, education, business, and government. This guidebook's strategies will help you shape your research and energize your campus so as to achieve the Twin Win: a breakthrough theory that's published and a validated solution that's ready for dissemination. The action-oriented paths in this guidebook resemble a backpacker's guide to hiking. It suggests paths and gives you enough information to get started, while providing enough flexibility to take side treks and enough confidence to find your own way. Short-term projects include inviting speakers to campus, choosing appropriate research projects, and developing networking skills. Middle-term include seeking funding from government agencies and philanthropic foundations, sharpening your writing and speaking skills, and promoting teamwork in research groups. Long-term missions include changing tenure policies, expanding collaboration with business and civic partners, and encouraging programs that combine theory and practice.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781681734286 20181015
Book
1 PDF (xvii, 152 pages).
  • List of Figures Preface Acknowledgments Introduction Machine Learning Preliminaries Categories of Attacks on Machine Learning Attacks at Decision Time Defending Against Decision-Time Attacks Data Poisoning Attacks Defending Against Data Poisoning Attacking and Defending Deep Learning The Road Ahead Bibliography Authors' Biographies Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781681733975 20181015
The increasing abundance of large high-quality datasets, combined with significant technical advances over the last several decades have made machine learning into a major tool employed across a broad array of tasks including vision, language, finance, and security. However, success has been accompanied with important new challenges: many applications of machine learning are adversarial in nature. Some are adversarial because they are safety critical, such as autonomous driving. An adversary in these applications can be a malicious party aimed at causing congestion or accidents, or may even model unusual situations that expose vulnerabilities in the prediction engine. Other applications are adversarial because their task and/or the data they use are. For example, an important class of problems in security involves detection, such as malware, spam, and intrusion detection. The use of machine learning for detecting malicious entities creates an incentive among adversaries to evade detection by changing their behavior or the content of malicius objects they develop. The field of adversarial machine learning has emerged to study vulnerabilities of machine learning approaches in adversarial settings and to develop techniques to make learning robust to adversarial manipulation. This book provides a technical overview of this field. After reviewing machine learning concepts and approaches, as well as common use cases of these in adversarial settings, we present a general categorization of attacks on machine learning. We then address two major categories of attacks and associated defenses: decision-time attacks, in which an adversary changes the nature of instances seen by a learned model at the time of prediction in order to cause errors, and poisoning or training time attacks, in which the actual training dataset is maliciously modified. In our final chapter devoted to technical content, we discuss recent techniques for attacks on deep learning, as well as approaches for improving robustness of deep neural networks. We conclude with a discussion of several important issues in the area of adversarial learning that in our view warrant further research. Given the increasing interest in the area of adversarial machine learning, we hope this book provides readers with the tools necessary to successfully engage in research and practice of machine learning in adversarial settings.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781681733975 20181015
Book
xxi, 405 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
On January 5, 1845, the Prussian Cultural Minister received a request by a group of six young men to form a new Physical Society in Berlin. In fields from thermodynamics, mechanics, and electromagnetism to animal electricity, ophthalmology, and psychophysics, members of this small but growing group--which soon included Emil Du Bois-Reymond, Ernst Brucke, Werner Siemens, and Hermann von Helmholtz--established leading positions in what only thirty years later had become a new landscape of natural science. How was this possible? How could a bunch of twenty-somethings succeed in seizing the future? In Aesthetics, Industry, and Science, M. Norton Wise answers these questions not simply from a technical perspective of theories and practices but with a broader cultural view of what was happening in Berlin at the time. He emphasizes in particular how rapid industrial development, military modernization, and the neoclassical aesthetics of contemporary art informed the ways in which these young men thought. Wise argues that aesthetic sensibility and material aspiration in this period were intimately linked, and he uses these two themes for a final reappraisal of Helmholtz's early work. Anyone interested in modern German cultural history, or the history of nineteenth-century German science, will be drawn to this landmark book.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780226531359 20180806
Green Library
Book
xv, 136 pages, 14 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
  • Introduction Lotte Philipsen and Rikke Schmidt Kjaergaard 1. Visualizing the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae Ditte Hoyer Engholm, David Goodsell, Mogens Kilian, Ebbe Sloth Andersen, Bjorn Panyella Pedersen and Rikke Schmidt Kjaergaard 2. Diagrammatic and iconic imagery in science Frederik Stjernfelt 3. Scientific data visualization: Aesthetic for diagrammatic clarity Martin Krzywinski 4. Plant(ing) aesthetics between science and art Lotte Philipsen 5. Visualizing the invisible universe Steen Hannestad 6. The epistemics of data representation: How to transform data into knowledge Nina Samuel 7. Sonification and audification as means of representing Morten Sondergaard and Anette Vandso8. Scientific storytelling: Visualizing for public audiencesDjuke Veldhuis 9. Communicating science - aesthetic choices in publishing Kelly Krause 10. Ideas in Action: Using Animation to Cut through Complexity Janet Rafner and Rikke Schmidt Kjaergaard 11. Making sense, nonsense, and no-sense when representing audio-visual collections Theis Vallo Madsen 12. "Facts" - and representational acts Morten Kyndrup.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138679375 20171204
How can cartoon images aid in understanding bacterial biological processes? What prompts physicists to blur their images before showing them to biologists? Considering thatã the astronomer's data consists solely of invisible, electric impulses, what is the difference between representing outer space as images, graphs, or sound? How does a work of contemporary art differ from a scientific image if we cannot visually distinguish between the two? How do aesthetics, art, and design influence scientific visualization and vice versa? This volume asks critically important questions about scientific data representation and provides significant insights to a field that is interdisciplinary in its very core. The authors investigate scientific data representation through the joint optics of the humanities and natural sciences. The volume particularly appeals to scholars in visual and aesthetic studies, data visualization, scientific illustration, experience culture, information design, and science communication.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138679375 20171204
Green Library
Book
xxxi, 147 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 22 cm.
Green Library
Book
x, 205 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
  • Table of Contents Introduction: African Science Education: Gendering Indigenous Knowledge in Nigeria - Jamaine Abidogun Chapter 1: Where are the Girls? - Jamaine Abidogun Chapter 2: Indigenous Knowledge: Its Role in Education - Steve Willis Chapter 3: Igbo Indigenous Science: An Ethnobiologist Perspective - Fred Ozioko and Felix I. Nwafor Chapter 4: Going to School: Nsukka Education Context - Nkiru Ohia and Jamaine Abidogun Chapter 5: The Shalom Dream: Nigerian Based Education - Victoria Onu and Jamaine Abidogun Chapter 6: Gendered Narratives - Sarah Nixon Chapter 7: Integrating Indigenous Science and Technology into the Curriculum - Georgianna Saunders Chapter 8: Creating Gender Parity: Igbo Women's Indigenous Science Knowledge Practice - Winifred Nwaefido Obasi Chapter 9: Conclusion: Gendering Science through Syncretic Education - Jamaine Abidogun Appendix: Interview, Focus Group, and Journal Protocols Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138060623 20180521
Based on interrogation and review of historical and current cultural and indigenous knowledge combined with extensive curriculum and classroom analysis, this book identifies how indigenous science gender roles may be utilized to provide a more gender balanced and indigenous centered learning experience. The book argues for the integration of African indigenous science into the secondary school curriculum as a way to strengthen students' science comprehension by affirming their society's science contributions, making clear connections between Indigenous and Western science, and also as a way to promote female representation in the sciences. This book will be of interest to scholars and practitioners of science education, African education, and indigenous knowledge.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138060623 20180521
Education Library (Cubberley)
Book
735 pages : color illustrations, facsimiles, map ; 36 cm
  • Vorwort / Prof. Dr. Hermann Parzinger
  • Einführung / Ottmar Ette
  • Editorische Notiz / Julia Maier
  • Die Zeichnungen
  • Trigonometrie und Vermessung
  • Dreiecke
  • Winkel und Linien
  • Kreis und Bogen
  • Himmel und Kosmos
  • Astronomie
  • Klima und Erdatmosphäre
  • Optik
  • Erdoberfläche und Erdinneres
  • Hydrologie der Meere und Seen
  • Kartografie von Gebirgen und Flüssen
  • Ansichten von Küsten, Gebirgen und Vulkanen
  • Gelände- und Höhenprofile
  • Pasigrafie und Gesteinsformationen
  • Petrologie, Mineralogie und Fossilien
  • Erdmagnetfeld
  • Lebewesen
  • Botanik
  • Zoologie
  • Mensch
  • Kultur
  • Architektur
  • Altertümer, Kunst und Kunstgewerbe
  • Handwerk, Maschinenbau und Technik
  • Mess- und Musikinstrumente
  • Navigation und Fortbewegung
  • Materialität
  • Tinten- und Wasserflecken
  • Vorsatzpapiere, Heftumschläge und Titelblätter
  • Textstrukturierende Linien und Zeichen
  • Fremdsprachliche Originalzitate
  • Abbildungsverzeichnis
  • Literaturverzeichnis
  • Register
  • Dank
  • Impressum.
Art & Architecture Library (Bowes)
Book
109 pages ; 21 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
vii, 163 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Like fast food, fast science is quickly prepared, not particularly good, and it clogs up the system. Efforts to tackle our most pressing issues have been stymied by conflict within the scientific community and mixed messages symptomatic of a rushed approach. What is more, scientific research is being shaped by the bubbles and crashes associated with economic speculation and the market. A focus on conformism, competitiveness, opportunism and flexibility has made it extremely difficult to present cases of failure to the public, for fear that it will lose confidence in science altogether. In this bold new book, distinguished philosopher Isabelle Stengers shows that research is deeply intertwined with broader social interests, which means that science cannot race ahead in isolation but must learn instead to slow down. Stengers offers a path to an alternative science, arguing that researchers should stop seeing themselves as the 'thinking, rational brain of humanity' and refuse to allow their expertise to be used to shut down the concerns of the public, or to spread the belief that scientific progress is inevitable and will resolve all of society's problems. Rather, science must engage openly and honestly with an intelligent public and be clear about the kind of knowledge it is capable of producing. This timely and accessible book will be of great interest to students, scholars and policymakers in a wide range of fields, as well anyone concerned with the role of science and its future.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781509521838 20180319
Green Library
Book
244 pages ; 22 cm
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xi, 276 pages : color illustrations ; 25 cm.
  • List of Figures and Table Notes on Contributors Introduction Vera Keller, Anna Marie Roos and Elizabeth Yale 1 The Division of a Paper Kingdom: The Tragic Afterlives of Francis Bacon's Manuscripts Richard Serjeantson 2 Scarlet Letters: Sir Theodore de Mayerne and the Early Stuart Color World in the Royal Society Vera Keller 3 Accidental Archive: Samuel Hartlib and the Afterlife of Female Scholars Carol Pal 4 Fossilized Remains: The Martin Lister and Edward Lhuyd Ephemera Anna Marie Roos 5 Playing Archival Politics with Hans Sloane, Edward Lhuyd, and John Woodward Elizabeth Yale 6 Under Sloane's Shadow: the Archive of James Petiver Arnold Hunt 7 Collecting Knowledge: Annotated Material in the Library of Sir Hans Sloane Alison Walker 8 Collecting Genomics: Documenting Modern, Collaborative Science Victoria Sloyan Afterword Michael Hunter.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789004324299 20180924
Archival Afterlives explores the posthumous fortunes of scientific and medical archives in early modern Britain. If early modern natural philosophers claimed all knowledge as their province, theirs was a paper empire. But how and why did naturalists engage with archives, and in particular, with the papers of their dead predecessors? This volume makes a firm case for expanding what counts as scientific labour, integrating scribes, archivist, library keepers, editors, and friends and family of deceased naturalists into the history of science. It shows how early modern natural philosophers pursued new natural knowledge in dialogue with their recent material past. Finally, it demonstrates the sustaining importance of archival institutions in the growth and development of the "New Sciences." Contributors are: Arnold Hunt, Michael Hunter, Vera Keller, Carol Pal, Anna Marie Roos, Richard Serjeantson, Victoria Sloyan, Alison Walker, and Elizabeth Yale.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789004324299 20180924
Green Library
Book
xviii, 282 pages ; 24 cm
  • Introduction: the role, structure and status of Aristotle's Physics I Diana Quarantotto-- Physics I. 1 Andrea Falcon-- Physics I. 2 Timothy Clarke-- Physics I. 3 Laura M. Castelli-- Physics I. 4 Cristina Cerami-- Physics I. 5 Lindsay Judson-- Physics I. 6 Alan Code-- Physics I. 7 David Charles-- Physics I. 8 Istvan Bodnar-- Physics I. 9 James G. Lennox-- Physics I: translation.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107197787 20180709
This book provides a comprehensive and in-depth study of Physics I, the first book of Aristotle's foundational treatise on natural philosophy. While the text has inspired a rich scholarly literature, this is the first volume devoted solely to it to have been published for many years, and it includes a new translation of the Greek text. Book I introduces Aristotle's approach to topics such as matter and form, and discusses the fundamental problems of the study of natural science, examining the theories of previous thinkers including Parmenides. Leading experts provide fresh interpretations of key passages and raise new problems. The volume will appeal to scholars and students of ancient philosophy as well as to specialists working in the fields of philosophy and the history of science.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107197787 20180709
Green Library
Book
x, 196 pages ; 24 cm
Green Library