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Journal/Periodical
volumes : illustrations ; 30 cm
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xxi, 405 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
"On January 5, 1845, the Prussian Cultural Minister received a request by a group of six young men to form a new Physical Society in Berlin. In fields from thermodynamics, mechanics, and electromagnetism to animal electricity, ophthalmology, and psychophysics, members of this small but growing group--which soon included Emil Du Bois-Reymond, Ernst Brucke, Werner Siemens, and Hermann von Helmholtz--established leading positions in what only thirty years later had become a new landscape of natural science. How was this possible? How could a bunch of twenty-somethings succeed in seizing the future? In Aesthetics, Industry, and Science, M. Norton Wise answers these questions not simply from a technical perspective of theories and practices but with a broader cultural view of what was happening in Berlin at the time. He emphasizes in particular how rapid industrial development, military modernization, and the neoclassical aesthetics of contemporary art informed the ways in which these young men thought. Wise argues that aesthetic sensibility and material aspiration in this period were intimately linked, and he uses these two themes for a final reappraisal of Helmholtz's early work. Anyone interested in modern German cultural history, or the history of nineteenth-century German science, will be drawn to this landmark book"--Dust jacket flap.
Green Library
Book
xv, 136 pages, 14 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
  • Introduction Lotte Philipsen and Rikke Schmidt Kjaergaard 1. Visualizing the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae Ditte Hoyer Engholm, David Goodsell, Mogens Kilian, Ebbe Sloth Andersen, Bjorn Panyella Pedersen and Rikke Schmidt Kjaergaard 2. Diagrammatic and iconic imagery in science Frederik Stjernfelt 3. Scientific data visualization: Aesthetic for diagrammatic clarity Martin Krzywinski 4. Plant(ing) aesthetics between science and art Lotte Philipsen 5. Visualizing the invisible universe Steen Hannestad 6. The epistemics of data representation: How to transform data into knowledge Nina Samuel 7. Sonification and audification as means of representing Morten Sondergaard and Anette Vandso8. Scientific storytelling: Visualizing for public audiencesDjuke Veldhuis 9. Communicating science - aesthetic choices in publishing Kelly Krause 10. Ideas in Action: Using Animation to Cut through Complexity Janet Rafner and Rikke Schmidt Kjaergaard 11. Making sense, nonsense, and no-sense when representing audio-visual collections Theis Vallo Madsen 12. "Facts" - and representational acts Morten Kyndrup.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138679375 20171204
How can cartoon images aid in understanding bacterial biological processes? What prompts physicists to blur their images before showing them to biologists? Considering thatã the astronomer's data consists solely of invisible, electric impulses, what is the difference between representing outer space as images, graphs, or sound? How does a work of contemporary art differ from a scientific image if we cannot visually distinguish between the two? How do aesthetics, art, and design influence scientific visualization and vice versa? This volume asks critically important questions about scientific data representation and provides significant insights to a field that is interdisciplinary in its very core. The authors investigate scientific data representation through the joint optics of the humanities and natural sciences. The volume particularly appeals to scholars in visual and aesthetic studies, data visualization, scientific illustration, experience culture, information design, and science communication.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138679375 20171204
Green Library
Book
xxxi, 147 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 22 cm.
Green Library
Book
x, 205 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
  • Table of Contents Introduction: African Science Education: Gendering Indigenous Knowledge in Nigeria - Jamaine Abidogun Chapter 1: Where are the Girls? - Jamaine Abidogun Chapter 2: Indigenous Knowledge: Its Role in Education - Steve Willis Chapter 3: Igbo Indigenous Science: An Ethnobiologist Perspective - Fred Ozioko and Felix I. Nwafor Chapter 4: Going to School: Nsukka Education Context - Nkiru Ohia and Jamaine Abidogun Chapter 5: The Shalom Dream: Nigerian Based Education - Victoria Onu and Jamaine Abidogun Chapter 6: Gendered Narratives - Sarah Nixon Chapter 7: Integrating Indigenous Science and Technology into the Curriculum - Georgianna Saunders Chapter 8: Creating Gender Parity: Igbo Women's Indigenous Science Knowledge Practice - Winifred Nwaefido Obasi Chapter 9: Conclusion: Gendering Science through Syncretic Education - Jamaine Abidogun Appendix: Interview, Focus Group, and Journal Protocols Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138060623 20180521
Based on interrogation and review of historical and current cultural and indigenous knowledge combined with extensive curriculum and classroom analysis, this book identifies how indigenous science gender roles may be utilized to provide a more gender balanced and indigenous centered learning experience. The book argues for the integration of African indigenous science into the secondary school curriculum as a way to strengthen students' science comprehension by affirming their society's science contributions, making clear connections between Indigenous and Western science, and also as a way to promote female representation in the sciences. This book will be of interest to scholars and practitioners of science education, African education, and indigenous knowledge.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138060623 20180521
Education Library (Cubberley)
Book
vii, 163 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Like fast food, fast science is quickly prepared, not particularly good, and it clogs up the system. Efforts to tackle our most pressing issues have been stymied by conflict within the scientific community and mixed messages symptomatic of a rushed approach. What is more, scientific research is being shaped by the bubbles and crashes associated with economic speculation and the market. A focus on conformism, competitiveness, opportunism and flexibility has made it extremely difficult to present cases of failure to the public, for fear that it will lose confidence in science altogether. In this bold new book, distinguished philosopher Isabelle Stengers shows that research is deeply intertwined with broader social interests, which means that science cannot race ahead in isolation but must learn instead to slow down. Stengers offers a path to an alternative science, arguing that researchers should stop seeing themselves as the 'thinking, rational brain of humanity' and refuse to allow their expertise to be used to shut down the concerns of the public, or to spread the belief that scientific progress is inevitable and will resolve all of society's problems. Rather, science must engage openly and honestly with an intelligent public and be clear about the kind of knowledge it is capable of producing. This timely and accessible book will be of great interest to students, scholars and policymakers in a wide range of fields, as well anyone concerned with the role of science and its future.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781509521838 20180319
Green Library
Book
244 pages ; 22 cm
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xviii, 282 pages ; 24 cm
  • Introduction: the role, structure and status of Aristotle's Physics I Diana Quarantotto-- Physics I. 1 Andrea Falcon-- Physics I. 2 Timothy Clarke-- Physics I. 3 Laura M. Castelli-- Physics I. 4 Cristina Cerami-- Physics I. 5 Lindsay Judson-- Physics I. 6 Alan Code-- Physics I. 7 David Charles-- Physics I. 8 Istvan Bodnar-- Physics I. 9 James G. Lennox-- Physics I: translation.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107197787 20180709
This book provides a comprehensive and in-depth study of Physics I, the first book of Aristotle's foundational treatise on natural philosophy. While the text has inspired a rich scholarly literature, this is the first volume devoted solely to it to have been published for many years, and it includes a new translation of the Greek text. Book I introduces Aristotle's approach to topics such as matter and form, and discusses the fundamental problems of the study of natural science, examining the theories of previous thinkers including Parmenides. Leading experts provide fresh interpretations of key passages and raise new problems. The volume will appeal to scholars and students of ancient philosophy as well as to specialists working in the fields of philosophy and the history of science.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107197787 20180709
Green Library
Book
xxxiii, 117 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
  • List of Figures ix Preface xiii Introduction xxi Chapter 1. What is Intelligence? 1 1.1. Intelligence 1 1.2. Business Intelligence 2 1.3. Artificial Intelligence 5 1.4. How BI has developed 6 1.4.1. BI 1.0 7 1.4.2. BI 2.0 8 1.4.3. And beyond 11 Chapter 2. Digital Learning 13 2.1. What is learning? 13 2.2. Digital learning 14 2.3. The Internet has changed the game 16 2.4. Big Data and the Internet of Things will reshuffle the cards 18 2.5. Artificial Intelligence linked to Big Data will undoubtedly be the keystone of digital learning 21 2.6. Supervised learning 22 2.7. Enhanced supervised learning 24 2.8. Unsupervised learning 28 Chapter 3. The Reign of Algorithms 33 3.1. What is an algorithm? 34 3.2. A brief history of AI 34 3.2.1. Between the 1940s and 1950s 35 3.2.2. Beginning of the 1960s 36 3.2.3. The 1970s 37 3.2.4. The 1980s 37 3.2.5. The 1990s 38 3.2.6. The 2000s 38 3.3. Algorithms are based on neural networks, but what does this mean? 39 3.4. Why do Big Data and AI work so well together? 42 Chapter 4. Uses for Artificial Intelligence 47 4.1. Customer experience management 48 4.1.1. What role have smartphones and tablets played in this relationship? 50 4.1.2. CXM is more than just a software package 51 4.1.3. Components of CXM 53 4.2. The transport industry 55 4.3. The medical industry 58 4.4. Smart personal assistant (or agent) 60 4.5. Image and sound recognition 62 4.6. Recommendation tools 65 4.6.1. Collaborative filtering (a collaborative recommendation mode) 66 Conclusion 71 Appendices 75 Appendix 1. Big Data 77 Appendix 2. Smart Data 83 Appendix 3. Data Lakes 89 Appendix 4. Some Vocabulary Relevant to 93 Appendix 5. Comparison Between Machine Learning and Traditional Business Intelligence 101 Appendix 6. Conceptual Outline of the Steps Required to Implement a Customization Solution based on Machine Learning 103 Bibliography 107 Glossary 111 Index 115.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781786300836 20180702
With the idea of deep learning having now become the key to this new generation of solutions, major technological players in the business intelligence sector have taken an interest in the application of Big Data. In this book, the author explores the recent technological advances associated with digitized data flows, which have recently opened up new horizons for AI. The reader will gain insight into some of the areas of application of Big Data in AI, including robotics, home automation, health, security, image recognition and natural language processing.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781786300836 20180702
Green Library
Book
1 online resource.
  • Section Iâ Artificial Intelligence Chapter 1 â ¾ An Overnight Sensation, after 60 Years Chapter 2 â ¾ The State of the Art: Artificial Narrow Intelligence Chapter 3 â ¾ Exponential Improvement Chapter 4 â ¾ Tomorrow's AI Chapter 5 â ¾ Singularities Section IIâ The Technological Singularity Chapter 6 â ¾ How to Make an Artificial General Intelligence Chapter 7 â ¾ When Might the First AGI Arrive? Chapter 8 â ¾ From AGI to Superintelligence (ASI) Chapter 9 â ¾ Will Superintelligence Be Beneficial? Chapter 10 â ¾ Ensuring that Superintelligence is Friendly (FAI) Chapter 11 â ¾ The Technological Singularity: Summary and Conclusions Section IIIâ The Economic Singularity Chapter 12 â ¾ The History of Automation Chapter 13 â ¾ Is It Different This Time? Chapter 14 â ¾ The Challenges Chapter 15 â ¾ Four Scenarios Chapter 16 â ¾ Protopian Un-forecast Chapter 17 â ¾ The Economic Singularity: Summary and Conclusions.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781351254458 20180611
The science of AI was born a little over 60 years ago, but for most of that time its achievements were modest. In 2012 it experienced a big bang, when a branch of statistics called Machine Learning (and a sub-branch called Deep Learning) was applied to it. Now machines have surpassed humans in image recognition, and they are catching up with us at speech recognition and natural language processing. Every day, the media reports the launch of a new service, a new product, and a new demonstration powered by AI. When will it end? The surprising truth is, the AI revolution has only just begun. Artificial Intelligence and the Two Singularities argues that in the course of this century, the exponential growth in the capability of AI is likely to bring about two "singularities" - points at which conditions are so extreme that the normal rules break down. The first is the economic singularity, when machine skill reaches a level that renders many of us unemployable and requires an overhaul of our current economic and social systems. The second is the technological singularity, when machine intelligence reaches and then surpasses the cognitive abilities of an adult human, relegating us to the second smartest species on the planet. These singularities will present huge challenges, but this book argues that we can meet these challenges and overcome them. If we do, the rewards could be almost unimaginable. This book covers: * Recent developments in AI and its future potential * The economic singularity and the technological singularity in depth * The risks and opportunities presented by AI * What actions we should take Artificial intelligence can turn out to be the best thing ever to happen to humanity, making our future wonderful almost beyond imagination. But only if we address head-on the challenges that it will raise. Calum Chace is a best-selling author of fiction and non-fiction books and articles, focusing on the subject of artificial intelligence. He is a regular speaker on artificial intelligence and related technologies, and runs a blog on the subject at www.pandoras-brain. com. Prior to becoming a full-time writer and speaker, he spent 30 years in business as a marketer, a strategy consultant, and a CEO. He studied philosophy at Oxford University, where he discovered that the science fiction he had been reading since boyhood was simply philosophy in fancy dress.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781351254458 20180611
Book
xv, 207 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 27 cm
  • The ultimatum
  • Shifting paradigms
  • A parliament of fears
  • Listen, old man, what in hell's gone wrong here?
  • Revolutions, real and imagined
  • The leap into the dark
  • The furniture of the world
  • Avatars of progress
  • The contest of interpretation.
In 1972, philosopher of science Thomas Kuhn threw an ashtray at Errol Morris. This book is the result. At the time, Morris was a graduate student. Now we know him as one of the most celebrated and restlessly probing filmmakers of our time, the creator of such classics of documentary investigation as The Thin Blue Line and The Fog of War. Kuhn, meanwhile, was--and, posthumously, remains--a star in his field, the author of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, a landmark book that has sold well over a million copies and introduced the concept of "paradigm shifts" to the larger culture. And Morris thought the idea was bunk. The Ashtray tells why--and in doing so, it makes a powerful case for Morris's way of viewing the world, and the centrality to that view of a fundamental conception of the necessity of truth. "For me, " Morris writes, "truth is about the relationship between language and the world: a correspondence idea of truth." He has no patience for philosophical systems that aim for internal coherence and disdain the world itself. Morris is after bigger game: he wants to establish as clearly as possible what we know and can say about the world, reality, history, our actions and interactions. It's the fundamental desire that animates his filmmaking, whether he's probing Robert McNamara about Vietnam or the oddball owner of a pet cemetery. Truth may be slippery, but that doesn't mean we have to grease its path of escape through philosophical evasions. Rather, Morris argues powerfully, it is our duty to do everything we can to establish and support it. In a time when truth feels ever more embattled, under siege from political lies and virtual lives alike, The Ashtray is a bracing reminder of its value, delivered by a figure who has, over decades, uniquely earned our trust through his commitment to truth. No Morris fan should miss it.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780226922683 20180611
Green Library
Book
xii, 300 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
The distinction between basic and applied research was central to twentieth-century science and policymaking, and if this framework has been contested in recent years, it nonetheless remains ubiquitous in both scientific and public discourse. Employing a transnational, diachronic perspective informed by historical semantics, this volume traces the conceptual history of the basic-applied distinction from the nineteenth century to today, taking stock of European developments alongside comparative case studies from the United States and China. It shows how an older dichotomy of pure and applied research was reconceived in response to rapid scientific progress and then further transformed by the geopolitical circumstances of the postwar era.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781785338106 20180702
Green Library
Book
1 online resource.
Book
viii, 233 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm.
The Birth of Physics represents a foundational work in the development of chaos theory from one of the world's most influential living theorists, Michel Serres. Focussing on the largest text still intact to reach us from the Atomists - Lucretius' De Rerum Natura - Serres mobilises everything we know about the related scientific work of the time (Archemides, Epicurus et al) in order to demand a complete reappraisal of the legacy. Crucial to his reconception of the Atomists' thought is a recognition that their model of atomic matter is essentially a fluid one - they are describing the actions of turbulence, which impacts our understanding of the recent disciplines of chaos and complexity. It explains the continuing presence of Lucretius in the work of such scientific giants as Nobel Laureates Schroedinger and Prigogine. This book is truly a landmark in the study of ancient physics and has been enormously influential on work in the area, amongst other things stimulating a more general rebirth of philosophical interest in the ancients.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781786606259 20180717
Green Library
Book
x, 418 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Green Library
Book
xiii, 201 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
This book explores the role of causal constraints in science, shifting our attention from causal relations between individual events--the focus of most philosophical treatments of causation-to a broad family of concepts and principles generating constraints on possible change. Yemima Ben-Menahem looks at determinism, locality, stability, symmetry principles, conservation laws, and the principle of least action-causal constraints that serve to distinguish events and processes that our best scientific theories mandate or allow from those they rule out. Ben-Menahem's approach reveals that causation is just as relevant to explaining why certain events fail to occur as it is to explaining events that do occur. She investigates the conceptual differences between, and interrelations of, members of the causal family, thereby clarifying problems at the heart of the philosophy of science. Ben-Menahem argues that the distinction between determinism and stability is pertinent to the philosophy of history and the foundations of statistical mechanics, and that the interplay of determinism and locality is crucial for understanding quantum mechanics. Providing historical perspective, she traces the causal constraints of contemporary science to traditional intuitions about causation, and demonstrates how the teleological appearance of some constraints is explained away in current scientific theories such as quantum mechanics. Causation in Science represents a bold challenge to both causal eliminativism and causal reductionism-the notions that causation has no place in science and that higher-level causal claims are reducible to the causal claims of fundamental physics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691174938 20180702
Green Library
Book
xviii, 237 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
  • * Introduction - Citizen inquiry: A new approach to inquiry science learning (Christothea Herodotou, Mike Sharples, Eileen Scanlon) * Online citizen science: Participation, motivation, and opportunities for informal learning (Vickie Curtis, Richard Holliman, Ann Jones, Eileen Scanlon) * From the wisdom of crowds to going viral: The creation and transmission of knowledge in the citizen humanities (Stuart Dunn, Mark Hedges) * Community engagement around poor air quality in London: Citizen inquiry in a citizen science " Mapping for Change " project (Laure Kloetzer, Charlene Jennett, Louise Francis, Muki Haklay) * Exploring embedded assessment to document scientific inquiry skills within citizen science (Karen Peterman, Rachel Becker-Klein, Cathlyn Stylinski, Amy Grack Nelson) * Exploring citizen science and inquiry learning through * iSpotnature.org (Janice Ansine, Michael Dodd, David Robinson, Patrick McAndrew) * Geocaching: Inquiry learning with a sense of adventure (Gill Clough) * Towards citizen inquiry: From class-based environmental projects to citizen science (Yurong He, Carol Boston, Jennifer Preece, Anne Bowser, Derek L. Hansen, Jennifer Hammock) * High motivation and relevant scientific competencies through the introduction of citizen science at secondary schools: An assessment using a rubric model (Josep Perello, Nuria Ferran-Ferrer, Salvador Ferre, Toni Pou, Isabelle Bonhoure) * Cultural citizen inquiry: Making space for the 'everyday' in language teaching and learning (Koula Charitonos) * Educational backgrounds, project design and inquiry learning in citizen science (Richard Edwards, Diarmuid McDonnell, Ian Simpson, Anna Wilson) * Design processes of a citizen inquiry community (Maria Aristeidou, Eileen Scanlon, Mike Sharples).
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138208698 20180115
Citizen Inquiry: Synthesising Science and Inquiry Learning is the first book of its kind to bring together the concepts of citizen science and inquiry-based learning to illustrate the pedagogical advantages of this approach. It shifts the emphasis of scientific investigations from scientists to the general public, by educating learners of all ages to determine their own research agenda and devise their own investigations underpinned by a model of scientific inquiry. 'Citizen Inquiry' is an original approach to research education that refers to mass participation of the public in joining inquiry-led scientific investigations. Using a range of practical case studies underpinned by the theory of inquiry-based learning, this book has significant implications for teaching and learning through exploration of how new technologies can be used to engage with scientific research. Key features include: * a new perspective on science education and science practice through crowd-sourced research * explanation of the benefits of this innovative approach to teaching and learning * a steady shift of emphasis from theory to application for readers to thoroughly understand the current state of research in the field and its applications to practice * examples of practical applications of this approach and recommendations on how successful citizen inquiry applications can be developed This edited volume is essential reading for academic researchers and professional educators interested in the potential of online technology in all levels of education, from primary and secondary level through to further education and lifelong learning. It will be ideal reading on any undergraduate or postgraduate course involving Research Methods in education as well as developments in science education and educational software.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138208698 20180115
SAL3 (off-campus storage)