Book — 1 online resource (xiii, 210 pages) : illustrations.
1. The Sunni Revival
2. The Transformation of Qur'anic Writing
3. The Public Text
4. The Girih Mode: Vegetal and Geometric Arabesque
5. Muqarnas Vaulting and Ash'ari Occasionalism
6. Stone Muqarnas and Other Special Devices
7. The Mediation of Symbolic Forms.
"The transformation of Islamic architecture and ornament during the eleventh and twelfth centuries signaled profound cultural changes in the Islamic world. Yasser Tabbaa explores with exemplary lucidity the geometric techniques that facilitated this transformation, and investigates the cultural processes by which meaning was produced within the new forms. Iran, Iraq, and Syria saw the development of proportional calligraphy, vegetal and geometric arabesque, muqarnas (stalactite) vaulting, and other devices that became defining features of medieval Islamic architecture.
Ultimately, the forms and themes described in this book shaped the development of Mamluk architecture in Egypt and Syria, and by extension, the entire course of North African and Andalusian architecture as well."--Jacket.
Book — 1 online resource (xiii, 270 pages) : illustrations, maps Digital: data file.
AcknowledgmentsNote on Transliteration, Dates, and Abbreviations Introduction
1. The Mocha Trade Network
2. The Yemeni Coffee Network3. A Littoral Society in Yemen
4. Merchants and Nakhudhas
5. The Urban Form and Orientation of Mocha
6. Trading Spaces
7. On the Politics of Inside and Out Conclusion: The End of the Mocha Era Appendix A. The Imams of Qasimi Yemen and the Governors of Mocha Appendix B. Archival and Museum Sources Consulted Notes GlossaryReferences Cited Illustration Credits Index.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Gaining prominence as a seaport under the Ottomans in the mid-1500s, the city of Mocha on the Red Sea coast of Yemen pulsed with maritime commerce. Its very name became synonymous with Yemen's most important revenue-producing crop -- coffee. After the imams of the Qasimi dynasty ousted the Ottomans in 1635, Mocha's trade turned eastward toward the Indian Ocean and coastal India. Merchants and shipowners from Asian, African, and European shores flocked to the city to trade in Arabian coffee and aromatics, Indian textiles, Asian spices, and silver from the New World. Nancy Um tells how and why Mocha's urban shape and architecture took the forms they did. Mocha was a hub in a great trade network encompassing overseas cities, agricultural hinterlands, and inland market centers. All these connected places, together with the functional demands of commerce in the city, the social stratification of its residents, and the imam's desire for wealth, contributed to Mocha's architectural and urban form. Eventually, in the mid-1800s, the Ottomans regained control over Yemen and abandoned Mocha as their coastal base. Its trade and its population diminished and its magnificent buildings began to crumble, until few traces are left of them today. This book helps bring Mocha to life once again. (source: Nielsen Book Data)