I. Background. Oil and cas : backbone of Kazakhstan's economy ; Oil companies in Kazakhstan ; Corporate responsibility ; Kazakhstan's labor movement
II. Freedom of Association under International and Kazakh Law. International labor standards ; Kazakhstan labor law
III. Violations of freedom of association and other rights in Kazakhstan's oil sector. Interference with union activity and strike at KarazhanbasMunai Oil Company ; Wage dispute and strike at OzenMunaiGas Oil Company ; Interference in union cctivity and strike at Ersai Caspian Contractor ; Mass dismissals at OzenMunaiGas, Ersai Caspian Contractor, and KarazhanbasMunai and its affiliate companies ; Violations of freedom of assembly of those supporting the oil workers
IV. Strike aftermath : violent clashes and politically-motivated arrests. December
16 Zhanaozen violence ; Crackdown on outspoken oil workers and political opposition activists
V. The role of Ersai Caspian Contractor, KarazhanbasMunai and OzenMunaiGas. Public commitments and responsibility to protect human rights
VI. The role of Kazakhstan's international partners. Statements by international partners on labor rights violations ; Failure to turn a new leaf : Kazakhstan's OSCE chairmanship ; Enhanced partners : European Union-Kazakhstan relationship
"With an estimated three percent of the world's proven oil reserves and extensive natural resources, Kazakhstan has experienced rapid economic growth in the last decades, making it an increasingly important trade partner for many countries. National and multinational oil and gas companies invest heavily in Kazakhstan and employ hundreds of thousands of workers, many of them working in difficult and dangerous conditions. Yet fundamental labor rights are not fully protected in Kazakhstan, exposing workers to serious violations of their rights to freedom of association, collective bargaining and expression, as well as their right to strike. Striking Oil, Striking Workers: Violations of Labor Rights in Kazakhstan's Oil Sector analyzes how companies and Kazakh authorities failed to respect workers' rights in the months preceding and during three separate extended peaceful labor strikes that erupted in western Kazakhstan in May 2011. The report documents the tactics companies and Kazakh authorities employed to restrict workers' rights, including denying elected union leaders access to company grounds, harassing and threatening workers for participating in legitimate union meetings, and imprisoning union leaders for organizing strikes deemed illegal as a result of overly restrictive national legislation. It also analyzes the mass dismissals of over 2,000 oil workers. Human Rights Watch urges the government of Kazakhstan to immediately uphold and protect internationally protected labor rights by ensuring that authorities and national and multinational companies respect the right of workers to freely join and participate in independent unions, engage in collective bargaining, and hold peaceful strikes without first having to overcome excessively burdensome collective bargaining requirements. The report also calls on Kazakhstan's international partners, in particular the European Union, to push Kazakhstan to respect its citizens' right to freedom of assembly, association, and expression in accordance with international law"--P.  of cover.
"This report analyzes the tactics employed by Kazakh authorities and three companies operating in the oil and gas sector in western Kazakhstan to restrict workers' rights to freedom of assembly, association, and expression leading up to and during peaceful labor strikes that began in May 2011. Local authorities broke the strike at one of the companies in June. Workers at the other two continued peaceful strikes until December 16, 2011, when clashes erupted between police and others, including striking oil workers, in Zhanaozen, a town in remote western Kazakhstan. Police shot 12 people dead in the clashes"--Publisher's website.
The Hague ; New York : Kluwer Law International ; Frederick, MD : Sold and distributed in North, Central and South America by Aspen Publishers, c2004.
Book — xxx, 505 p. ; 25 cm.
Central Asia has emerged as potentially the most important new hydrocarbon province in decades. Among the countries whose natural resources are now the focus of world attention, Kazakhstan is very much in the front rank. The scale and strategic importance of its reserves mean that it is set to become one of the key players in the global market. Realising that potential depends on many factors, not least its legal treatment of the oil and gas industry. The contributors to this volume consider the various dimensions of that legal treatment, including investment and contractual issues, dispute settlement, transport and refining, environmental issues, and taxation. The importance of the international context for Kazakhstan's domestic law is a key feture of this book, as is a concern with identifying existing problems and suggesting the most fruitful direction for reform. The book will be of interest to practitioners and academics working in the specific field as well as in the more general area of legal relations between the oil and gas industry and transition economies. Ilias Bantekas is Reader in Law at the University of Westminster, London, UK. He has written widely in the field of. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This study offers a reconstruction of the social, cultural and legal history of the Middle Horde Kazakh steppe within the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Using largely untapped archival records from Kazakhstan and Russia, as well as contemporary ethnographic research, administrative reports, the provincial press and scholarly analyses, it explores the cross-cultural encounter of laws, customs and judicial practices in the process of Russian empire-building at the local level. Through the imposition of imperial laws and settlement of nomadic lands, Russian colonialism sought to control the ways that Kazakh nomads could practice their judicial customs (adat). Middle Horde Kazakhs actively accommodated, manipulated and rejected these Russian imperial designs, and continued to find meaning in their own legal-cultural norms for ensuring justice, resolving disputes, and upholding clan honour. This study contributes both to current understanding of the history of Russia as an empire and of the Muslim, Turkic Kazakhs who were integrated into that empire over the course of the 19th century, and thus to an understanding of the identity of Kazakhstan today. Essential reference for scholars and students of history, anthropology, political science and Eurasian/Central Asian studies. (source: Nielsen Book Data)