Summary: An outdated law and its impact on transgender people ; Registering gender ; A new law ; Five proposed amendments
Recommendations: To the government of the Netherlands: To the gender teams at the Free University Hospital in Amsterdam and the Groningen University Hospital ; To Council for the Judiciary (Raad voor de Rechtspraak) and the Dutch Association for the Judiciary (Nederlandse Vereniging voor Rechtspraak) ; To health insurance companies ; To the American Psychiatric Association
Recognition of gender identity : the Dutch legal framework: Being transgender in the Netherlands ; The Netherlands' claim to being a role model on LGBT rights ; Article
28 of the Civil Code : conditions for recognition of gender identity court procedures ; Sex reassignment surgery ; SRS as a medical necessity ; Surgery imposed by the State ; State-enforced sterilization ; Convention on the recognition of decisions recording a sex reassignment
"It is like your life is on hold": Waiting lists ; A name to match an identity
Living with the wrong identity papers: The identity card requirement ; The register of civil status records ; Getting around the GBA : informal solutions ; "They don't believe that I am who I say I am" ; Employment
Evolving norms, evolving practices: Calls to change the law ; Promises to change the law ; The right to private life and the right to physical integrity ; The framework for legal recognition of gender identity in other countries ; The Yogyakarta principles ; Children
Legal recognition of the gender identity of gender variant people: Suppressing the gender marker on identity documents ; Article
8 of the ECHR and the position of gender variant people ; Scope for legal reform in the Netherlands
Appendix: Relevant provisions of Book
1 of the Dutch Civil Code: Relevant provisions of Book
1 of the Dutch Civil Code in original language.
"In 1985, the Netherlands was among the first European nations to adopt legislation granting transgender people legal recognition of their gender identity, albeit under onerous legal conditions. Over a quarter of a century later, the Netherlands has lost its leading edge. Legislation that at the time represented a progressive development is wholly out of step with current best practice and understandings of the Netherlands' obligations under international human rights law. Most egregiously, the 1985 law allows transgender people to change their gender on official documents only on condition that they have altered their bodies through hormones and surgery, and that they are permanently and irreversibly infertile. These requirements routinely leave transgender people with identity documents that do not match their deeply felt gender identity, resulting in frequent public humiliation, vulnerability to discrimination, and great difficulty finding or holding a job. The conditions imposed by the 1985 law violate transgender people's rights to personal autonomy and physical integrity and deny transgender people the freedom to define their own gender identity, which the European Court of Human Rights has called "one of the most basic essentials of self-determination." Controlling Bodies, Denying Identities documents the impact the 1985 law has on the daily life of transgender people. The report calls upon the Netherlands to amend the law to respect transgender people's human rights. It should separate medical and legal questions for transgender people. Legal recognition of the gender identity of transgender people should not be made conditional on any form of medical intervention"--P.  of cover.
This is the English-language translation of the New Dutch Patents Act, officially approved by the Dutch Patents Office, accomplished by virtue of the contribution of Nederlandsch Octrooibureau (Industrial Property Consultants, The Hague/Amsterdam). (source: Nielsen Book Data)