Stanford, California : Stanford University Press, 2014.
Book — 1 online resource.
Introduction : continuity despite change
Explaining enduring labor codes in developing countries : skill distributions and the organizational capacity of labor
Using multiple methods to understand labor law development in Latin America
Latin American labor laws in comparative perspective
Fragmented individualism : "professional" labor regulation in Chile
Contradictions, divisions, and competition : "encompassing" labor regulation in Peru
Integration and incorporation : "corporatist" labor regulation in Argentina.
As the dust settles on nearly three decades of economic reform in Latin America, one of the most fundamental economic policy areas has changed far less than expected: labor regulation. To date, Latin America's labor laws remain both rigidly protective and remarkably diverse. Continuity Despite Change develops a new theoretical framework for understanding labor laws and their change through time, beginning by conceptualizing labor laws as comprehensive systems or "regimes." In this context, Matthew Carnes demonstrates that the reform measures introduced in the 1980s and 1990s have only marginally modified the labor laws from decades earlier. To explain this continuity, he argues that labor law development is constrained by long-term economic conditions and labor market institutions. He points specifically to two key factors-the distribution of worker skill levels and the organizational capacity of workers. Carnes presents cross-national statistical evidence from the eighteen major Latin American economies to show that the theory holds for the decades from the 1980s to the 2000s, a period in which many countries grappled with proposed changes to their labor laws. He then offers theoretically grounded narratives to explain the different labor law configurations and reform paths of Chile, Peru, and Argentina. His findings push for a rethinking of the impact of globalization on labor regulation, as economic and political institutions governing labor have proven to be more resilient than earlier studies have suggested. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book — 1 online resource (xxv, 486 pages). Digital: data file.
The importance of gender and property
Gender, property rights, and citizenship
Gender exclusionary agrarian reform
Building blocks toward gender-progressive change
Engendering the neo-liberal counter-reforms
The struggle for women's land rights and increased ownership of land
In defense of community : struggles over individual and collective land rights
Inheritance of land in practice
Women property owners : land titling, inheritance, and the market
Land and property in a feminist agenda.
The expansion of married women's property rights was a main achievement of the first wave of feminism in Latin America. As Carmen Diana Deere and Magdalena Leon reveal, however, the disjuncture between rights and actual ownership remains vast. This is particularly true in rural areas, where the distribution of land between men and women is highly unequal. In their pioneering, twelve-country comparative study, the authors argue that property ownership is directly related to women's bargaining power within the household and community, point out changes resulting from recent gender-progressive legislation, and identify additional areas for future reform, including inheritance rights of wives. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book — 1 online resource (x, 176 pages) : illustrations Digital: data file.
Part I: Themes
Chapter 1: Diffusion of Same-Sex Policies in Latin America Adriana Piatti-Crocker
Chapter 2: The Lavender Tide? LGBT Rights and the Latin American Left Today Shawn Schulenberg
Chapter 3: Support for Same-Sex Marriage in Latin America German Lodola and Margarita Corral
Chapter 4: Variations in the Judicialization of Same-Sex Marriage Politics in Latin America Jason Pierceson Part II: Countries
Chapter 5: Same-Sex Partnership Rights in Central America: The Case of Panama Shawn Schulenberg
Chapter 6: The Creation of Civil Partnerships in Uruguay Diego Sempol
Chapter 7: Same-Sex Couples in Colombia: Three Models for their Legal and Political Recognition Daniel Bonilla
Chapter 8: Legal Mobilization and the Road to Same-Sex Marriage in Argentina Maria Gracia Andia
Chapter 9: The Battle for Marriage Equality in Mexico, 2001-2011 Genaro Lozano.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
This volume sheds light on regional, national, and individual-level factors that have led to major developments for same-sex relationship equality in Latin America and explores institutional, political, and social barriers for same-sex couples in the region. It analyzes cross-national patterns of same-sex relationship policies in Latin America and examines country-cases of recent policies for same sex-couples in the region. (source: Nielsen Book Data)