First edition. - Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press, 2016.
Book — xvii, 266 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Introduction: Legislative institutions and agenda setting / Eduardo Alemán and George Tsebelis
Presidential agenda authority in plurality-led congresses : agenda setting prerogatives without majority support / Ernesto Calvo and Iñaki Sagarzazu
Agenda setting and gridlock in a multi-party coalitional presidential system : the case of Brazil / Taeko Hiroi and Lucio R. Rennó
Presidential power, legislative rules, and lawmaking in Chile / Eduardo Alemán and Patricia Navia
The unrealized potential of presidential coalitions in Colombia / Royce Carroll and Mónica Pachón
Parliamentary agenda setting in Latin America : the case of Mexico / Ma. Amparo Casar
Strong presidents, weak parties, and agenda setting : lawmaking in democratic Peru / Aldo F. Ponce
Agenda setting and lawmaking in Uruguay / Daniel Chasquetti
Conclusions / Eduardo Alemán and George Tsebelis.
In this volume, twelve experts on Latin American politics investigate the ways in which the interaction between legislative institutions and the policy positions of key actors affects the initiation and passage of legislation, covering seven Latin American Countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay. These seven presidential systems vary widely in terms of their legislative institutions and the position of relevant actors. The introduction provides a framework to understand the interaction of legislative majorities, political institutions, and policy position, and each chapter begins with a description of the constitutional and congressional rules that allocate powers to propose, amend, and veto legislation. The authors then identify the political actors who have these prerogatives and apply the framework to show how their policy positions and relative strengths influence legislative decision-making. The findings are consistent with the basic argument of the book that presidents with extensive legislative powers may be constrained by the positions of their legislative allies, whereas weaker presidents may be well-positioned to build successful coalitions to achieve their legislative goals. The essays in this volume demonstrate that institutional design, which determines the allocation of legislative powers, must be considered along with the policy preferences of key legislative actors in order to construct a full picture of law-making. Oxford Studies in Democratization is a series for scholars and students of comparative politics and related disciplines. Volumes concentrate on the comparative study of the democratization process that accompanied the decline and termination of the cold war. The geographical focus of the series is primarily Latin America, the Caribbean, Southern and Eastern Europe, and relevant experiences in Africa and Asia. The series editor is Laurence Whitehead, Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield College, University of Oxford. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
A competent judiciary is key to the effective application of the rule of law, and thus the role of their training and education is critical. The knowledge and skills of judges, court staff as well as other legal professionals strongly influence the performance of the judicial system. Furthering Judicial Education is a collection of papers presented at the international conference on judicial excellence in Guatemala in October 2001. This report contains the proceedings of the conference which focused on the various facets of judicial education and its challenges and opportunities. The aim of this report is to assist judiciaries improve the performance of judicial education programs and systems. (source: Nielsen Book Data)