Budapest ; New York : Central European University Press, 2019.
Book — vii, 539 pages ; 24 cm
Introduction by Vladimir Tismaneanu and Bogdan C. Iacob Part One: Intellectuals and Communism in Europe Michael David-Fox: Illusions of Influence and the Mystique of Power: The Fellow-Travelers and Stalin as Philosopher-King David Brandenberger: Stalin and the Muse of History: The Dictator and His Critics on the Editing of the 1938 'Short Course' Stanislao G. Pugliese: Resisting the Totalitarian Temptation: The Case of Ignazio Silone Nikos Marantzidis: Greek Intellectuals and the Fascination with Communism: The Graft that Did Not Blossom (1924-1949) Angelo Mitchievici: Shadows of Paradise: Romanian Intellectuals and the Soviet Union Bodan C. Iacob: National Rebirth, Intellectuals, and the Rise of the Communist Regime in Romania (1944-1947) Part Two: Revolution and Utopia Paul Hollander: Dictators and Intellectuals: Attractions and Affinities Simonetta Falasca-Zamponi: A "Beautiful" Dream: Mussolini's Delirium of Omnipotence and the Aesthetics of the Sublime Vladimir Tismaneanu: The Metapolitics of Despair: Romania's Mystical Generation and the Passions of Emil Cioran Michael Scammell: Arthur Koestler and the Temptations of Utopianism Marius Stan: Radical Engagements: Surrealism, Art, and Politics in Interwar Romania Part Three: Visions of the Nation in Eastern Europe Dennis Deletant: Ion Antonescu: The Temptation of Fascism Vladimir Petrovic: Ethnopolitical Temptations Reach Southeastern Europe: Wartime Policy Papers of Vasa Cubrilovic and Sabin Manuila Michal Kopecek: Czech Communist Intellectuals and the National Road to Socialism Cristian Vasile: Party Intellectuals and Romanian National Stalinism Part Four: Lessons at the Turn of a Century Jeffrey Herf: At War with Israel: Anti-Zionism in East Germany from the 1960s to the 1980s Adeed Dawisha: The Pathology of Arab Dictatorship: Memories of Saddam Hussein Jan-Werner Muller: Calming the Ideological Storms? Reflections on Cold War Liberalism Jeffrey Wasserstrom: Fear and Freedom in Contemporary China Epilogue. Mark Lilla: Political Innocence and Its Modes.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
This volume gathers authors who wrote important works in the fields of the history of ideology, the comparative study of dictatorship, and intellectual history. The book is a state of the art reassessment and analysis of the ideological commitments of intellectuals and their relationships with dictatorships during the twentieth century. The contributions focus on turning points or moments of rupture as well as on the continuities. Though its focus is on an East-West comparison in Europe, there are texts also dealing with Latin America, China, and the Middle East, giving the book a global outlook. The first part of the book deals with intellectuals' involvement with communist regimes or parties; the second looks at the persistence of utopianism in the trajectory of intellectuals who had been associated earlier in their lives with either communism or fascism; the third considers the role of intellectuals in national imaginations from the left or the right; and the fourth links late twentieth century phenomena to current phenomena, such as the persistence of anti-Semitism in the West, the slow erosion of the values upon which the EU is built, the quagmire in Iraq, and China's rise in the post-Cold War era. The collection provides a comprehensive overview of intellectual genealogies and dictatorial developments. (source: Nielsen Book Data)