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Book
94 pages ; 23 cm
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xv, 237 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
  • Acknowledgements Tables and Figures Acronyms Presidents of Brazil, 1930-2017 Preface Introduction 1. A Troubled Path to Development 2. Building a Fragile Democracy 3. Inflation Stabilisation and the Transition to Neoliberalism 4. Impacts of Neoliberalism 5. Neoliberalism under the Workers' Party 6. Developmental Neoliberalism and the PT 7. From Glory to Disaster 8. Classes and Class Politics in Brazilian Neoliberalism 9. From the Confluence of Dissatisfactions to the Restoration of Neoliberalism References Endnotes.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780745336756 20180205
Brazil is the world's sixth largest economy, has played a key role as one of the 'pink wave' administrations in Latin America, and was also responsible for wrecking the US-sponsored proposal for a Free Trade Area of the Americas. It is also one of the few large countries where social spending has risen and the distribution of income has improved in the last thirty years. However, as protests during the World Cup in 2014 have shown, the country remains highly unequal, unmet social needs are vast and its infrastructure is precarious.Alfredo Saad-Filho and Lecio Morais review the paradox that is modern-day Brazil. Focusing on the period from 1980 onwards, they analyse the tensions between the two systemic transitions to have dominated the country: the political transition from military rule to democracy, and to neoliberalism. The authors show how these transitions had contradictory logics and dynamics, yet ultimately became mutually supportive as they unfolded and intertwined.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780745336756 20180205
Green Library
Book
x, 178 pages ; 24 cm
  • The emergence of democratic institutional innovation in Latin America
  • Theoretical origins of citizen participation
  • Institutionalization of citizen participation in Venezuela, Ecuador, and Chile : models of participatory design
  • Venezuela : radical participatory democracy
  • Ecuador : radical discourse, dashed expectations
  • Chile : pragmatic citizen participation
  • Conclusions and prospects.
Green Library
Book
xvi, 261 pages : illustration ; 24 cm
  • Introduction: for democracy in Latin America Jeffrey C. Alexander and Carlo Tognato-- Part I. Scandals and Civil Indignation: 1. The civil sphere in Mexico: between democracy and authoritarianism Nelson Arteaga and Javier Arzuaga-- 2. Shaping solidarity in Argentina: the power of the civil sphere in repairing violence against women Maria Luengo-- 3. Civil indignation in Chile: recent collusion scandals in the retail industry M. Angelica Thumala-- Part II. Militancy, Civility, and Polarization: 4. La Joven Cuba: confrontation, conciliation, and the quest for the civil through blogging Liliana Martinez Perez-- 5. ?La Clase Media en Positivo? The civil and uncivil uses of 'the Middle Class' in Venezuela, 1958-2016 Celso M. Villegas-- 6. The civil life of the university: enacting dissent and resistance on a Colombian campus Carlo Tognato-- Part III. Law, Order, and Solidarity: 7. Police officers in contradiction: anti-civility in the Sao Paulo state military police Mayumi Shimizu-- 8. Citizenship and the established civil sphere in provincial Mexico Trevor Stack-- Part IV. Commentary and Conclusion: Commentary: is civil society dangerous for democracy? New directions for civil sphere theory in Latin America Isabel Jijon-- Conclusion: democracy and the civil sphere in Latin America Peter Kivisto and Giuseppe Sciortino.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781108426831 20180806
Social thinkers have criticized Latin American development as incomplete, backward, and anti-modern. This volume demonstrates that, while often deeply compromised and fragmented, Latin American civil spheres have remained resilient, institutionally and culturally, generating new oppositional movements, independent journalism, rebellious intellectuals, electoral power, and critical political parties. In widely different arenas, dissidents have employed the coruscating language of the civil sphere to pollute their oppressors in the name of justice. In the 1970s and 1980s, political thinkers heralded the resurrection of Latin American civil society, envisioning a new world of freedom and stability. Corruption, inequality, racism, and exclusion become pressing and urgent 'social problems', not despite the promises of democracy, but because of them. The premise of this volume is that Latin American civil spheres are powerful, even as they are compromised, creating challenges to anti-civil culture and institutions that trigger social reform. It is the first of three volumes that place civil sphere theory in a global context.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781108426831 20180806
Green Library
Book
238 pages ; 21 cm
  • 1. Ponto de partida: uma crise politica e moral
  • 2. Matriz politica e cultural da crise
  • 3. Crise e aprofundamento da democracia
  • 4. Os ativos do Brasil
  • 5. O velho e o novo
  • 6. Politica, liderança e mansagem
  • 7. O lugar do Brasil no mundo
  • 8. Uma certa ideia de Brasil.
"Neste livro corajoso e essencial, Fernando Henrique Cardoso traça um diagnóstico preciso da atual situação do Brasil e apresenta possíveis caminhos para a superação dos graves impasses que ameaçam o desenvolvimento com democracia. Em 2016, encerrou-se um longo ciclo de ilusões na política brasileira. O colapso do "presidencialismo de cooptação" implementado pelos governos petistas desnudou a fragilidade dos avanços sociais e econômicos até então celebrados como inéditos na história do país. Se a revelação da dura realidade da corrupção generalizada injetou lucidez no debate político, também abriu espaço para o ressurgimento de velhos paradigmas populistas, à esquerda e à direita, que envenenam o debate público. A crise de representatividade e a estagnação econômica apontam para a necessidade de uma profunda renovação nos métodos de fazer política, que passam por transformações éticas, culturais e sociais. Em Crise e reinvenção da política no Brasil, Fernando Henrique Cardoso rastreia as raízes dos problemas atuais do Brasil para propor, com a costumeira agudeza e honestidade intelectual, uma nova agenda para o país. Baseado em sua longa experiência de intelectual e estadista e em pensadores como Marx e Castells, o ex-presidente mapeia o itinerário a ser seguido no campo de batalha entre as forças do velho e do novo, sem perder de vista os valores de liberdade, igualdade e dignidade." -- From publisher web site.
Green Library
Book
280 p. ; 23 cm
Green Library
Book
180 pages ; 21 cm.
Green Library
Book
xv, 443 pages : illustrations, map ; 23 cm
  • 1. An Institutional Approach to Democracy and Democratization in Latin America 1.1 Institutions and the Study of Democratic Politics 1.2 What Is an Institution? 1.3 What Is an Institutional Approach to Politics? 1.4 Comparing Countries: Do Authoritarians Follow Institutional Rules? Military Regimes and Institutional Design 1.5 Democracy in Latin America 1.6 Democratic Transition 1.7 Defining Democracy 1.8 Country in the Spotlight: The Struggle for Democracy in Guatemala 1.9 Conclusion 1.10 Key Terms 1.11 Discussion Questions 1.12 Suggested Readings 1.13 References 2. State and Nation in Colonial Latin America 2.1 Pillars of Democracy: State and Nation 2.2 Land and People 2.3 Human Settlements in the Pre-Colombian Period 2.4 The Colonial Impact on Settlement and Demography 2.5 The Colonial Period 2.6 The Arrival, and Conquest 2.7 The Expansion of Spanish Colonialism 2.8 Comparing Countries: Conquest in Brazil Contrasted with Spanish America 2.9 Colonial Institutions 2.10 Religious Institutions in Colonial Latin America 2.11 The Long Road to Independence 2.12 Country in the Spotlight: Explaining the Exceptionalism of Colonial Legacies in the United States 2.13 Conclusion 2.14 Key Terms 2.15 Discussion Questions 2.16 Suggested Readings 2.17 References 3. Constitutions: From States and Nations to Regimes, and Back Again 3.1 Constitutional Foundations: The Consolidation of Independent States and the Search for National Identity in Latin America 3.2 The Caudillo Period (1820s-1870s) 3.3 The Export Economy (1860s-1930s) 3.4 The Opening of the U.S. Umbrella (1898) 3.5 The Great Depression (1929) 3.6 The Populist Era (1930s-1960s) 3.7 Bureaucratic Authoritarianism and the Cold War (1960s-1980s) 3.8 From the Washington Consensus to the "Pink Tide" (1980s to present) 3.9 Constitutions: The Rules of the Game and More 3.10 Constitutional Development in Latin America 3.11 Constitutionalism and Democracy 3.12 Constitutions and Political Pacts 3.13 Constitutions and National Identity 3.14 The Politics of Constitutional Change 3.15 Types of Constitutional Reform 3.16 The Source of Reform: The People or Congress? 3.17 Motives for Reform 3.18 Institutional Opportunities and Barriers 3.19 Comparing Countries: What Distinguishes the Structure and Content of Constitutions in Latin America? 3.20 Explaining Constitutional Change in Latin America 3.21 Country in the Spotlight: Constitutional Reform in Nicaragua 3.22 Conclusion 3.23 Key Terms 3.24 Discussion Questions 3.25 Suggested Readings 3.26 References 4. The Executive Branch: Latin American Style 4.1 The Executive Branch in Presidential and Parliamentary Forms of Government 4.2 The Parliamentary System 4.3 The Presidential System 4.4 Origins of Parliamentarism and Presidentialism 4.5 Variations in Parliamentary and Presidential Systems 4.6 Latin American Presidencies 4.7 Constitutional Powers 4.8 Partisan Powers 4.9 Comparing Institutions: An Assessment of Presidentialism 4.10 The Administrative Arm of the Executive: Bureaucracy 4.11 Efficiency and Bureaucracy 4.12 The Pathologies of Bureaucracy 4.13 The Size of Bureaucracy 4.14 Corruption and Bureaucracy 4.15 Comparing Countries: Taking Action Against Grand Corruption 4.16 Bureaucratic Boundaries 4.17 Country in the Spotlight: Presidential Politics in Argentina 4.18 Conclusion 4.19 Key Terms 4.20 Discussion Questions 4.21 Suggested Readings 4.22 References 5. The Legislative Branch: The Centerpiece of Democracy Under Fire 5.1 Parliament and Congress 5.2 The Functions of Congress 5.3 Representation 5.4 Past Roadblocks to Representation 5.5 More Recent Changes in Representation 5.6 Lawmaking 5.7 Initiation 5.8 Debate 5.9 Oversight 5.10 Direct Oversight 5.11 Indirect Oversight 5.12 Education 5.13 Comparing Countries: Legislative Strength 5.14 Legislative Structure 5.15 Size 5.16 Sessions 5.17 Terms and Alternates 5.18 Bicameralism 5.19 Country in the Spotlight: The National Congress of Chile: A Barometer of Chilean Democracy 5.20 Conclusion 5.21 Key Terms 5.22 Discussion Questions 5.23 Suggested Readings 5.24 References 6. The Judiciary in Latin America: Separate but Unequal 6.1 Approaches to Judicial Organization 6.2 Common Law and Code Law Traditions 6.3 Mixed Judicial Systems in Latin America 6.4 The Rule of Law 6.5 Defining the Rule of Law 6.6 The Judiciary's Contribution to the Rule of Law 6.7 The Judiciary and Other Government Institutions: Power and Independence 6.8 The Judiciary and the People: Access and Efficiency 6.9 Comparing Countries: Courts Versus Politicians in Guatemala and Colombia 6.10 The Judicialization of Politics in Contemporary Latin America 6.11 Motives and Opportunities to Judicialize Politics 6.12 International Actors and the Judicialization of Politics 6.13 The Judicialization of Politics at the Local Level 6.14 Country in the Spotlight : The Judicial Branch in Mexico: Seeking Reform 6.15 Conclusion 6.16 Key Terms 6.17 Discussion Questions 6.18 Suggested Readings 6.19 References 7. Electoral Systems: The Core of Democratic Politics 7.1 Voting 7.2 The Electoral System 7.3 Electoral Formula 7.4 Majoritarian Systems 7.5 Proportional Representation 7.6 Hybrid Systems 7.7 District Magnitude 7.8 Electoral Thresholds 7.9 Ballot Structure 7.10 Districting and Apportionment 7.11 The Electoral System and Political Change 7.12 Presidential Elections in Latin America 7.13 Comparing Countries: Direct Democracy in Latin America 7.14 The Management and Observation of Elections 7.15 Country in the Spotlight: The Electoral System in Bolivia 7.16 Conclusion 7.17 Key Terms 7.18 Discussion Questions 7.19 Suggested Readings 7.20 References 8. From Civil Society to Political Parties: Putting Democracy into Practice 8.1 Civil Society and Democracy 8.2 Protests and Social Movements 8.3 Parties as Political Institutions 8.4 Parties as Regime Institutions 8.5 Comparing Countries: The Rules for Party Funding in Latin America 8.6 Parties as Social Institutions 8.7 How Parties and Civil Society Must Work Together in Democratic Latin America 8.8 From the Party to the Party System 8.9 Party System Fragmentation 8.10 Party System Institutionalization 8.11 Party System Polarization 8.12 The Interaction of Fragmentation, Institutionalization, and Polarization 8.13 Country in the Spotlight Venezuela: Changes in Parties, Changes in Politics 8.14 Conclusion 8.15 Key Terms 8.16 Discussion Questions 8.17 Suggested Readings 8.18 References 9. Federalism and Unitarism: Learning to Share 9.1 Federalism and Unitarism, and the Range of Centralization 9.2 The Division of Power in a Federal System 9.3 The Balance of Centralization and Decentralization 9.4 Comparing Countries: Centralization in Federal Venezuela and Decentralization in Unitary Peru 9.5 The Origins of Governmental Relations in Latin America 9.6 Federalism and the Protection of Regional Caudillos 9.7 Contemporary Moves to Recognize Indigenous Territories 9.8 Federal and Unitary Design in Contemporary Latin America 9.9 Institutions That Complement Federalism: Bicameralism, Strong Judiciary, Rigid 9.10 Constitutions 9.11 The Contemporary Effort to Decentralize 9.12 Variations in Federal Institutions 9.13 Dealing with Differences 9.14 Regional Power Differences 9.15 Country in the Spotlight 9.16 Federalism in Brazil 9.17 Conclusion 9.18 Key Terms 9.19 Discussion Questions 9.20 Suggested Readings 9.21 References 10. The Armed Forces: Bridging the Civil-Military Divide 10.1 The Armed Forces in Contemporary Latin America: Global Comparisons 10.2 Military Expenditures 10.3 Military Spending and Development 10.4 Regional Distinctions 10.5 The Military Perspective of Latin American History 10.6 Comparing Countries: Justice and the "Dirty Wars" in Argentina and Brazil 10.7 Civil-Military Relations 10.8 Civil-Military Relations Under Democracy 10.9 Civilian Supremacy or Political Management? 10.10 New Security Norms Under Democracy 10.11 Institutional Checks and Balances Under Democracy 10.12 The Legislature 10.13 The Courts 10.14 The Executive 10.15 Civil-Military Relations and New Challenges 10.16 Country in the Spotlight : The Armed Forces of El Salvador 10.17 Conclusion 10.18 Key Terms 10.19 Discussion Questions 10.20 Suggested Readings 10.21 References 10.22 Map 1.1 Contemporary Latin America 10.23 Endnotes 10.24 References.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138682672 20171106
  • Preface 1. An Institutional Approach to Democracy and Democratization in Latin America 2. State and Nation in Colonial Latin America 3. Constitutions: From States and Nations to Regimes, and Back Again 4. The Executive Branch: Latin American Style 5. The Legislative Branch: The Centerpiece of Democracy Under Fire 6. The Judiciary in Latin America: Separate but Unequal 7. Electoral Systems: The Core of Democratic Politics 8. From Civil Society to Political Parties: Putting Democracy into Practice 9. Federalism and Unitarism: Learning to Share 10. The Armed Forces: Bridging the Civil-Military Divide.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138682665 20171106
This much-expanded and updated second edition of Democratic Latin America takes an institutional approach to Latin American Politics to discuss contemporary politics and to highlight how past politics have shaped current institutional designs. It draws explicit connections between certain political features- such as fragmentation, efficiency, accountability, instability, efficiency, consensus, or responsiveness- and the institutional design of a country. Students thus just do not learn that a country is unstable or has high rates of participation or low levels of corruption, but they also learn why. And more importantly, they also learn how politics can be shaped by different institutional arrangements. Features: * Each chapter focuses on a different institution, such as the executive, political parties, electoral systems, the armed forces, or federalism and compares how they are constructed differently across countries. * Placing a premium on accessibility, each chapter opens with a story and ends with a detailed country case study, making use of contemporary examples to feed student interest in current events. * Newly updated comparison-based tables and box features (electoral results, percentage of women legislators, and surveys of partisan identification) to stimulate analysis. * New topics of research to ensure the recognition of the latest changes in the region, including: corruption scandals, the turn of the "pink tide, " protest and social movements, LGBT rights, citizen security and organized crime, new forms of legislative accountability, the use of social media as a political resource in Latin America. Democratic Latin America continues to offer an original way of teaching and learning about Latin America Politics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138682672 20171106
Green Library
Book
675 pages ; 24 cm
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
187 pages ; 21 cm
Green Library
Book
xv, 246 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Politics at home abroad : migrants and their home towns
  • Migration and subnational politics in Mexico : a framework for analysis
  • Engagement through the diaspora channel : collective remittances and the 3x1 program for migrants
  • When the road to the mayor's office crosses the border : political trajectories of migrant mayors in Oaxaca, Mexico
  • Biographies of emigrant politicization : migrant engagement in three Mexican states
  • A theory of migration and municipal politics
  • Migrants as agents of democratization? : a comparative analysis of sending community politics
  • A wave that didn't break?
Green Library
Book
756 pages ; 23 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xi, 269 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
The study of institutions, a core concept in comparative politics, has produced many rich and influential theories on the economic and political effects of institutions, yet it has been less successful at theorizing their origins. In Fixing Democracy, Javier Corrales develops a theory of institutional origins that concentrates on constitutions and levels of power within them. He reviews numerous Latin American constituent assemblies and constitutional amendments to explore why some democracies expand rather than restrict presidential powers and why this heightened presidentialism discourages democracy. His signal theoretical contribution is his elaboration on power asymmetries. Corrales determines that conditions of reduced power asymmetry make constituent assemblies more likely to curtail presidential powers, while weaker opposition and heightened power asymmetry is an indicator that presidential powers will expand. The bargain-based theory that he uses focuses on power distribution and provides a more accurate variable in predicting actual constitutional outcomes than other approaches based on functionalism or ideology. While the empirical focus is Latin America, Fixing Democracy contributes a broadly applicable theory to the scholarship both institutions and democracy.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780190868901 20180828
Green Library
Book
270 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Green Library
Book
117 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm.
La obra periodística ‘Gravedad Cero: reflexiones posconsulta’, acaba de ser presentada en Ecuador. Este libro, escrito por varios autores en distintos géneros, nació de una reunión de trabajo en la que todos se hicieron la misma pregunta: ¿qué va a pasar con este país una vez que se termine el proceso electoral? Si en alguna respuesta coincidieron los autores, es que en la consulta el correísmo sufrió una derrota incuestionable que lo dejó malherido, pero en ningún caso fuera de combate. Advierte Roberto Aguilar en su texto ‘Correísmo año 11’, que el Ecuador, entregado a su pulsión de olvidar el pasado, es un país condenado a repetirlo. Y afirma que: “El tiempo de Rafael Correa terminó por fin, pero la sociedad ecuatoriana de la que Rafael Correa es un reflejo, continúa intacta…” Por otra parte, Carlos Rojas, en su ensayo ‘La nueva reforma política, otra vez sin ciudadanos’, profundiza en uno de los mayores problemas del Ecuador: la fragilidad de nuestras instituciones políticas, fragilidad que empieza no solo con los actores de un circo caudillista capaces de darse volteretas por agraciar a su líder, y que se saltan impávidos e impunes todos los límites legales y morales, sino también en un modelo de gobierno que pasa de manera inevitable por la persona y no por el sistema. Vilma Vargas y Luján, adornan este libro con las caricaturas: ‘Del circo social a la crisis social y viceversa’, y el denominado ‘Bonus track’, páginas llenas de humor y sagacidad que desnudan en pocos trazos el antes y el después de la consulta. ¿Nos sentimos acaso hoy como si flotáramos en un ambiente denso, acentuado por la incertidumbre y la desconfianza? Al parecer sí, y el título de este libro se anticipó a la percepción generalizada de ingravidez que nos invade. A las interrogantes que se nos abren para el futuro inmediato se le suman hoy las preocupaciones más acuciantes: la situación económica, que en esta obra se trata con profundidad en un diálogo.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
127 pages ; 23 cm
Green Library
Book
xvii, 69 pages ; 28 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
x, 144 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
  • Introduction Cristiane Brum Bernardes, Cristina Leston-Bandeira and Ricardo de Joao Braga 1. The institutionalisation of the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies Ricardo de Joao Braga, Andre Rehbein Sathler and Roberto Campos da Rocha Miranda 2. The legislative and public policies in Brazil: before and after the 1988 Constitution Julio Roberto de Souza Pinto 3. The role of the Brazilian Congress in defining public social policies Fabio de Barros Correia Gomes and Ricardo Chaves de Rezende Martins 4. Green or grey: origin, bias and fate of environmental bills in the Brazilian National Congress Mauricio Schneider and Ana Alice Biedzicki de Marques 5. Brazilian Parliament and digital engagement Antonio Teixeira de Barros, Cristiane Brum Bernardes and Malena Rehbein 6. Open parliament policy applied to the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies Cristiano Faria and Malena Rehbein Conclusion Cristiane Brum Bernardes, Cristina Leston-Bandeira and Ricardo de Joao Braga.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138555280 20180226
This book develops a critical analysis of the Brazilian legislature, specifically the role of its lower chamber, the Chamber of Deputies, in policy making and how this combines with its public engagement role, namely in terms of promoting participation and transparency. The book draws from Nelson Polsby's theoretical conceptualization about transformative and arena legislatures. The purpose is not to reach a consensus about the exact categorisation of the legislature in Polsby's classification. On the contrary, the chapters are mainly concerned in challenging this classification through interdisciplinary perspectives drawn from within the legislative studies in Brazil. The book's first chapters introduce the reader to an historical overview of the Brazilian legislature's policy making and organization, identifying its role in proposing public policies and scrutinising proposals from the Executive Branch. The subsequent chapters focus on its public engagement role and address contemporary elements - such as political participation and transparency - and how these interlink, or not, with legislative practices and influence the production of law. The book provides a unique insight into the operation and power of the legislature of a key global power, Brazil, in a presidential political system context. The chapters originally published as a special issue in the Journal of Legislative Studies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138555280 20180226
Green Library
Book
390 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Green Library
Book
129 pages ; 18 cm.
Green Library