This book is a rich ethnographic and historical account of the juridification of prior consultation in Brazil. In her case study on the national regulation of ILO Convention 169, Charlotte Schumann critically examines the dynamic conflicts over competence and interpretation of this paramount safeguard mechanism for indigenous self-determination. The administrative center Bras lia becomes the stage for a fierce struggle between state actors, social movements, and experts over the limits of participation, the reification of cultural difference, and ways to vernacularize international human rights--leading to an intriguing discussion that interweaves law, anthropology, and multiculturalist politics. (source: Nielsen Book Data) 9783837641752 20181105
Book — 1 online resource (284 pages) : illustrations.
For nearly forty years now, governments in rich democracies have been shifting labor market risks from the state and employers to employees, cutting the generosity of social programs even as they tightened restrictions on eligibility. This book analyzes those changes in eighteen countries and shows that the most important factor in explaining whether cuts are made is the economic worldview of a particular government. While the economic pressures that are typically pointed to as the causes of these reforms do exist, Alexander Horn shows that they are nonetheless secondary to ideology.
Introduction.- Understanding the Politics of Watershed Development.- Rajasthan: The Land of Rajas (Kings) and Droughts.- National Goals, International Agenda and Local Needs.- Development Specialists and Grassroots Workers.- 'Village Republics' and People's Movement.- Notes on the Politics of Rural Development in Rajasthan.
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This book examines the politics of rural development with special reference to watershed development interventions in the desert province of Rajasthan in India. Watershed development (and rainwater harvesting) is one of the most significant rural development interventions in rainfed areas of India since the early 1990s. A range of developmental actors including the state watershed department, international donors, NGOs and grassroots organisations are involved in sponsoring watershed development projects. Using multi-sited ethnography and conversational interviews with the deliverers as well as recipients of development, the book compares and contrasts the watershed interventions of the state and two different kinds of NGOs in Rajasthan. While conventional studies on watershed development have focused on the evaluation of 'success' or 'failure' of particular projects, whether implemented by the state or NGOs, the book moves beyond this narrow analytical gaze to look at the roles, agendas and interests of multiple development agencies, often partnering together and sometimes competing with each other as part of, what the author calls, the 'watershed development regime'. Taking cue from watershed development and water conservation projects over the last two decades, the book engages with the larger question of 'how' of delivering development. It examines the complex processes of cooperation, competition, negotiations, contestations and conflicts between different stakeholders, including the agents of development and differently positioned rural social groups in the context of Rajasthan. The book demonstrates that the recent interventions in watershed development and rainwater harvesting have considerably shaped the politics of development in Rajasthan in a number of ways: by becoming a site for the remaking of the 'state' and its internal relations, by disturbing the local hegemony in the countryside, by creating new relations of patronage between diverse agents and recipients of development, by increasing the associational capacity as well as creating new conflicts (intra and inter village) and by initiating competition and cooperation between the various agents of development over control of local resources and power. (source: Nielsen Book Data) 9783319213910 20160619
"The Nigerian city of Jos used to be seen as a peaceful place, but in 2001 it was struck by clashes that arose from what was largely understood as issues of ethnic and religious belonging. The event, which would become known as 'the crisis,' was experienced as a rupture and a loss of what the city had once been, and as the starting point of a spiral of violence that has continued up to today."--P.  of cover.
Chapel Hill, N.C. : University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2011.
Book — 262 p.
Sheltering French Families reminds us that a society's response to the housing question--how to shelter families dependent on salaries--is never benign; it is always linked to visions of ideal economic and human relations. This history examines how the French repeatedly re-thought the best kind of familial housing to bring about a better society. It also offers a critical reinterpretation of France's modernist suburbs dismissed by scholars on both sides of the Atlantic as misguided blunders. These communities evoke images of burned-out cars and youth riots, but the postwar Social-Catholics who advocated their construction saw them as a means to encourage solidarity, prevent suburban sprawl, and liberate women from employment. Feminist authors called the suburbs baby-factories, Marxist intellectuals decribed them as capitalist concentration camps, and liberal economists said they imposed socialist collectivism on the middle classes. These critiques obscured or discredited the social-democratic and conservationist intentions behind modernist suburbia. In the end, a centrist-liberal government prohibited construction of modernist communities because they were psychologically incompatible with married couples' natural desire to live in homogeneous communities. The same government promoted American-style single-family subdivisions as official policy. This history contributes to suburban, gender, and welfare studies as it shows how the history of French housing shaped the France we know today. It also reminds us how cultural attitudes affect housing possibilities, desires, and choices and thus raises new questions about contemporary economic shibboleths imposed as universal truths.
Figuring Rural Development; Preface; Acknowledgements; Table of Content; Introduction; Slopes, Markets and Patrons: Explaining Land Use along a Lowland-Upland Gradient in the Philippines; Material Flows in a Social Context: a Vietnamese Case Study Combining the Material Flow Analysis and Action-in-Context Frameworks; Material Flow Accounting of Rural Communities: Principles and Outcomes in South East Asia; Freely Disposable Time: a System for Time and Cash Integrated Livelihood Assessment Abstract; Discussions on Land Use Studies and Development Indicator Design; Conclusions; Summary.
This research, with empirical data from the Philippines, Vietnam, India, and Laos, represents a merger of environmental science and rural development economics. It develops a unique measuring rod of wealth and poverty: Freely Disposable Time, which integrates time and cash flow of households to quantify concepts of freedom and development capacity.
1st ed. - Wiesbaden : VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2009.
Book — 390 p. ; 21 cm.
Theoretical positioning and literature review.- Methodology.- A brief history of the incompatibility 'problem'.- Anti-discrimination policy.- Childcare policy.- Parental leave policy.- Working time policy.- Conclusion.
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'In all research, the choice of object is primary and decisive. This refers to the set of c- cepts which determines the delimitation among the totality of phenomena of those selected as objects of analysis'(Topalov 1979: 446). In this quote Topalov addresses the 'fundamental illusion' of empiricist research approaches: that objects of inquiry are self-evident givens. The rejection of this - piricist 'illusion'constitutes the foundation of this thesis. This thesis modifies a c- textual social constructionist paradigm of inquiry and combines it with a feminist standpoint in the analysis of policies claimed to be aimed at reconciling paid - ployment and care work in Germany from 1998 to 2005. 1.1 Genesis of the study The present study developed out of three interrelated strands of our intellectual - riosity which evolved, triggered by an engagement with a discipline unique to the UK in its approach, Social Policy. First, in what can be described as a fruitful int- lectual adaptation process to a new discipline, an initial interest in welfare state transformation in Eastern Europe developed into a keen interest in family policies. (source: Nielsen Book Data) 9783531169156 20160605