Book — 1 online resource (162 pages). Digital: text file; PDF.
Chapter One: Introduction.- Chapter Two: Violence and Extremism - Sources of Sectarian Violence in Baghdad.- Chapter Three: Conflict Drivers.- Chapter Four: Conflict Escalation: The Sharpening of Sectarian Identity.- Chapter Five: Resilience: Conceptual Foundations.- Chapter Six: Social Capital.- Chapter Seven: Information and Communication.- Chapter Eight: Economic Development and Resources.- Chapter Nine: Community Competence.- Chapter Ten: Looking Ahead.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
The recent conflict in Iraq evolved from an insurgency against the interim U.S. led government (the Coalition Provisional Authority or CPA) into a sectarian civil war. Violence became widespread, especially in areas of Baghdad City such as Sadr City, Al Amiriyah, and Al Adhamiya. However, a number of multiethnic neighborhoods in Baghdad successfully prevented sectarian attitudes and behaviors from taking hold. Four communities stand out in their self-organization to prevent the escalation of violence. This book looks at what makes these communities different from other areas within Baghdad. In-depth interviews in Sunni-dominant, Shia-dominant and Mixed neighborhoods generated a few key insights about conflict-resilience, or the capacity to prevent structural changes associated with conflict escalation. Key factors turned out to be the organization of non-sectarian self-defense groups, place attachment, collective efficacy, active intervention to de-escalate tensions, and also the presence of local religious leaders who forbid sectarian attacks. The continuity or strength of interpersonal relationships supported by the integrated physical structure of these neighborhoods and internal versus tribal conflict resolution mechanisms played a role as well. This volume examines the characteristics of the communities that have successfully prevented the rise of violence, and how they are able to maintain qualities of resilience to violent conflict. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book — 1 online resource (303 pages) : illustrations
List of Illustrations Acknowledgments Introduction
ONE. ENTERING THE SCENE: THE WALLS
1. On the Tightrope of Culture
2. Decolonizing Treatment in Psychiatry
TWO. ENTERING THE SCENE: THE IMMIGRATION OFFICE
3. Ambivalent Inclusion: Psychiatrists, Nuns, and Bureaucrats in Conversation
THREE. ENTERING THE SCENE: THE POLICE OFFICE
4. Denuncia: The Subject Verbalized
FOUR. ENTERING THE SCENE: THE SHELTER
5. Paradoxes of Redemption: Translating Selves and Experimenting with Conversion
FIVE. REENTERING THE SCENE: THE CLINIC
6. Tragic Translations: "I am afraid of falling. Speak well of me, speak well for me"
EPILOGUE: OTHER SCENES Notes Bibliography Index.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Migrants in Translation is an ethnographic reflection on foreign migration, mental health, and cultural translation in Italy. Its larger context is Europe and the rapid shifts in cultural and political identities that are negotiated between cultural affinity and a multicultural, multiracial Europe. The issue of migration and cultural difference figures as central in the process of forming diverse yet unified European identities. In this context, legal and illegal foreigners - mostly from Eastern Europe and Northern and Sub-Saharan Africa - are often portrayed as a threat to national and supranational identities, security, cultural foundations, and religious values. This book addresses the legal, therapeutic, and moral techniques of recognition and cultural translation that emerge in response to these social uncertainties. In particular, Migrants in Translation focuses on Italian ethno-psychiatry as an emerging technique that provides culturally appropriate therapeutic services exclusively to migrants, political refugees, and victims of torture and trafficking. Cristiana Giordano argues that ethno-psychiatry's focus on cultural identifications as therapeutic - inasmuch as it complies with current political desires for diversity and multiculturalism - also provides a radical critique of psychiatric, legal, and moral categories of inclusion, and allows for a rethinking of the politics of recognition. (source: Nielsen Book Data)