Have the diplomatic efforts of the Obama administration toward Iran failed? Was the Bush administration's emphasis on military intervention, refusal to negotiate, and pursuit of regime change a better approach? How can the United States best address the ongoing turmoil in Tehran? This book provides a definitive and comprehensive analysis of the Obama administration's early diplomatic outreach to Iran and discusses the best way to move toward more positive relations between the two discordant states. Trita Parsi, a Middle East foreign policy expert with extensive Capitol Hill and United Nations experience, interviewed 70 high-ranking officials from the U.S., Iran, Europe, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Brazil-including the top American and Iranian negotiators-for this book. Parsi uncovers the previously unknown story of American and Iranian negotiations during Obama's early years as president, the calculations behind the two nations' dealings, and the real reasons for their current stalemate. Contrary to prevailing opinion, Parsi contends that diplomacy has not been fully tried. For various reasons, Obama's diplomacy ended up being a single roll of the dice. It had to work either immediately-or not at all. Persistence and perseverance are keys to any negotiation. Neither Iran nor the U.S. had them in 2009.
Book — 1 online resource (xxi, 260 pages) : map Digital: data file.
The Arab world's twilight zone
The great unraveling
Pressure yields results
The enemy of my enemy is my friend
No voice louder than the cry of battle
Fire in the orchard
Weathering the storm
Epilogue : the expectations gap.
A key player in the Middle East and the site of violent protests in 2011, Syria has long been a thorn in Washington's side when it comes to forging peace or rolling back the influence of the Islamic republic of Iran. But only after the events of 9/11 and Damascus's staunch opposition to the war in Iraq did the U.S. government begin an unannounced campaign to pressure President Bashar al-Assad's regime to revamp its regional and domestic policies. The book vividly captures Tabler's behind-the-scenes experiences and provides a firsthand look at 21st-century Syria and Washington's attempts to craft a New Middle East. Examining the effects of the neoconservatives' strategy and asking what went wrong and how Washington can achieve a new relationship with this pivotal Middle Eastern nation, this investigation provides a rare glimpse into U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East.
List of Illustrations Acknowledgments Note on Terms and Transliterations Introduction
1. From Internal to International Migration
2. Claiming Whiteness: Syrians and Naturalization Law
3. Nation and Migration: Emergent Arabism and Diasporic Nationalism
4. The Lynching of Nola Romey: Syrian Racial Inbetweenness in the Jim Crow South
5. Marriage and Respectability in the Era of Immigration Restriction Conclusion Epilogue: Becoming Arab American Notes Bibliography Index.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
This multifaceted study of Syrian immigration to the United States places Syrians - and Arabs more generally - at the center of discussions about race and racial formation from which they have long been marginalized. "Between Arab and White" focuses on the first wave of Arab immigration and settlement in the United States in the years before World War II, but also continues the story up to the present. It presents an original analysis of the ways in which people mainly from current day Lebanon and Syria - the largest group of Arabic-speaking immigrants before World War II - came to view themselves in racial terms and position themselves within racial hierarchies as part of a broader process of ethnic identity formation. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chapel Hill : The University of North Carolina Press, 2014.
Book — 1 online resource (xiii, 233 pages).
Cover; Contents; Acknowledgments; Introduction: Geographies of Liberation; 1 Overlapping Diasporas; 2 From Subject to Citizen: Dusé Mohamed Ali and the Afro-Orient; 3 Black Marxism and Binationalism; 4 The Black Panthers and the PLO: The Politics of Intercommunalism; 5 Neoliberalism, Security, and the Afro-Arab International; Conclusion: Liberation at the Twilight of the American Era; Notes; Bibliography; Index; A; B; C; D; E; F; G; H; I; J; K; L; M; N; O; P; Q; R; S; T; U; V; W; Y; Z.
In this absorbing transnational history, Alex Lubin reveals the vital connections between African American political thought and the people and nations of the Middle East. Spanning the 1850s through the present, and set against a backdrop of major political and cultural shifts around the world, the book demonstrates how international geopolitics, including the ascendance of liberal internationalism, established the conditions within which blacks imagined their freedom and, conversely, the ways in which various Middle Eastern groups have understood and used the African American freedom struggle to shape their own political movements. Lubin extends the framework of the black freedom struggle beyond the familiar geographies of the Atlantic world and sheds new light on the linked political, social, and intellectual imaginings of African Americans, Palestinians, Arabs, and Israeli Jews. This history of intellectual exchange, Lubin argues, has forged political connections that extend beyond national and racial boundaries. (source: Nielsen Book Data)