Cambridge, UK ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Book — x, 214 p. ; 24 cm.
1. Universal and specific rationalities--
2. The structure of values and convictions--
3. The dynamics of values and convictions--
4. The value-instrumental interface--
5. Formal rationality--
6. The formal-substantive interface-- Conclusions-- Appendix: Rationalities in a case before the congregation of the council.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
In Rationalities in History the distinguished historian David d'Avray writes a new comparative history in the spirit of Max Weber. In a strikingly original reassessment of seminal Weberian ideas, d'Avray applies value rationality to the comparative history of religion and the philosophy of law. Integrating theories of rational choice, anthropological reflections on relativism, and the recent philosophy of rationality with Weber's conceptual framework, d'Avray seeks to disengage 'rationalisation' from its enduring association with Western 'modernity'. This mode of analysis is contextualised through the examples of Buddhism, Imperial China and sixteenth-century Catholicism - in the latter case building upon unpublished archival research. This ambitious synthesis of social theory and comparative history will engage social scientists and historians from advanced undergraduate level upwards, stimulating interdisciplinary discourse, and making a significant contribution to the methodology of history. D'Avray explores the potential of this new Weberian analysis further in his companion volume, Medieval Religious Rationalities. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Book — xxviii, 347 p.,  p. of plates : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
1. The sanctuary of Diana to the end of the republic--
2. The sanctuary in the Augustan age--
3. The sanctuary in the empire--
4. Diana: her name and appearance--
5. The grove, the goddess, and the history of early Latium--
6. The many faces of Diana-- Part II. Fugitives and Slaves, Kings and Greeks:
7. The necessary murderer--
8. 'We are fugitives'--
9. Virbius, Hippolytus and Egeria-- Part III. Healing and Ritual:
10. Diana the healer--
11. Ritual healing and the Maniae--
12. Conclusion: Diana and her worshippers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
The sanctuary dedicated to Diana at Aricia flourished from the Bronze age to the second century CE. From its archaic beginnings in the wooded crater beside the lake known as the 'mirror of Dianea' it grew into a grand Hellenistic-style complex that attracted crowds of pilgrims and the sick. Diana was also believed to confer power on leaders. This book examines the history of Diana's cult and healing sanctuary, which remained a significant and wealthy religious center for more than a thousand years. It sheds new light on Diana herself, on the use of rational as well as ritual healing in the sanctuary, on the subtle distinctions between Latin religious sensibility and the more austere Roman practice, and on the interpenetration of cult and politics in Latin and Roman history. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The focus of this volume is the editio princeps of Papyrus Chester Beatty XVI: "The Apocryphon of Jannes and Jambres", composed in Greek, perhaps as early as the first century. Full commentary accompanies the edited text. An introductory section discusses the numerous references to the two magicians, who appear in Jewish, Christian and Pagan literature as Moses's crafty opponents at the time of Israel's exodus from Egypt. Their exploits are recounted in over half a dozen languages, from the Syriac east to the Latin west and from Egypt's deserts to King Alfred's court. The Apocryphon is placed in its Graeco-Roman context, but is also discussed as a backdrop for the Faust saga of European literature. (source: Nielsen Book Data)