Argentorati [Strasbourg] : Excudebat Vuendelinus Rihelius, anno MDLII .
Book — , 1200,  pages : illustrations, portrait (woodcuts) ; 24 cm (4to)
Jerome Bock (1498-1554), whose first name is often Latinized to Hieronymus, first published his Kreuterbüch in 1539 with a minimum of illustrations. The copy in the Lane Medical Library is the greatly improved first Latin edition. It contains over 560 botanical woodcuts and a portrait of the author. Some of the woodcuts are by David Kandel. In the publication of the German edition of his work Bock followed soon after Otto Brunfels, whose Herbarium appeared in 3 volumes from 1530 to 1536, and preceded Leonhardt Fuchs, whose De Historia Stirpium first appeared in 1542. With Brunfels and Fuchs, Bock is one of the three German founders of botany. "His descriptions of flowers were remarkably clear ... he comprehended things by which his predecessors had been completely baffled. He recognized the corolla, stamens, and pistils as essential parts of many flowers, and he is probably the first botanist of the 16th century to feel the necessity for some sort of classification." (Hunt Botanical Library catalogue 66). --
"Although Bock was self-taught, he was the first to create a system of botany that classified plants into three categories: herbs, shrubs, and trees. He then subdivided each group by similar characteristics or relationships. Although he did not develop such concepts as "genus" or "species, " his work laid the foundation for later botanists such as Bauhin and Linnaeus. As Bock prepared to publish the results of his study, he realized he could ill afford to hire illustrators for his book. To compensate for a lack of illustrations he focused on writing such clear descriptions of the plants that even laymen would recognize what he was trying to portray. Thus he developed the prototype of modern phytography, the science of plant description." (http://www.asu.edu/lib/speccoll/patten/html/134.html). --
Prefacing this edition is Conrad Gesner's bibliography of botanical writings in Greek, Latin, and Arabic.--J. Norman, 2006.