5: Consolidation and The Search for Validation-- Conclusion: Keeping the Circle Strong.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
"Keeping the Circle" presents an overview of the modern history and identity of the Native peoples in twentieth-century North Carolina, including the Lumbees, the Tuscaroras, the Waccamaw Sioux, the Occaneechis, the Meherrins, the Haliwa-Saponis, and the Coharies. From the late 1800s until the 1930s, Native peoples in the eastern part of the state lived and farmed in small isolated communities. Although relatively insulated, they were acculturated, and few fit the traditional stereotype of an Indian. They spoke English, practiced Christianity, and in general lived and worked like other North Carolinians. Nonetheless, Indians in the state maintained a strong sense of "Indianness." The political, social, and economic changes effected by the New Deal and World War II forced Native Americans in eastern North Carolina to alter their definition of Indian-ness. The paths for gaining recognition of their Native identity in recent decades has varied: for some, identity has been achieved and expressed on a local stage; for others, their sense of self is linked inextricably to national issues and concerns. Using a combination of oral history and archival research, Christopher Arris Oakley traces the strategic response of these Native groups in North Carolina to postwar society and draws broader conclusions about Native American identity in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century. Christopher Arris Oakley is an assistant professor of history at East Carolina University. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Rev. under an act of the General Assembly, passed at the session of 1833-4 / by Frederick Nash, James Iredell, and William H. Battle ; printed and published in pursuance of an act of the General Assembly, passed at the session of 1836-7, under the supervision and direction of James Iredell and William H. Battle. - Raleigh : Turner and Hughes, 1837 (Boston : Tuttle, Dennett & Chisholm)