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Book
xxii, 578 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.
  • The Middle Senegal Valley archaeological project: seeking Takrur / Susan Keech McIntosh
  • Background to the research / Roderick J. McIntosh and Susan Keech McIntosh
  • Excavation methodology / Roderick J. McIntosh
  • The Cubalel and Siwré excavations / Roderick J. McIntosh and Susan Keech McIntosh, with contributions by Hamady Bocoum, Ndèye Sokhna Guèye, and Ibrahima Thiaw
  • Importance of excavated features along the Middle Senegal Valley / Hamady Bocoum
  • The Cubalel and Siwré pottery assemblages / Susan Keech McIntosh and Ndèye Sokhna Guèye
  • Small finds / Roderick J. McIntosh
  • Iron working in the Middle Senegal Valley / David J. Killick
  • Copper alloys / Thomas R. Fenn and David J. Killick
  • Paleoethnobotanical analysis: seeds and fruits from Cubalel Unit C-3A / Daphne Gallagher and Shawn Murray
  • Mammalian, avian, and reptilian remains / Kevin C. MacDonald and Rachel Hutton MacDonald
  • Fish remains from Cubalel and Siwré / Wim Van Neer
  • Reconnaissance of the Cubalel study region / Roderick J. McIntosh and Alioune Deme
  • Overview and conclusions / Susan Keech McIntosh and Roderick J. McIntosh
  • Appendix A. Excavation and survey field forms
  • Appendix B. Excavated levels and features at Cubalel and Siwré / Roderick J. McIntosh, Susan Keech McIntosh, and Hamady Bocoum
  • Appendix C. Archaeomagnetic dating in the Middle Senegal Valley / Ibrahima Thiaw and Tom Gray
  • Appendix D. Pottery of the Cubalel and Siwré sites
  • Appendix E. Iron and slag recovered from the Cubalel and Siwré sites
  • Appendix F. Paleoethnobotanical identification / Shawn Murray and Daphne Gallagher
  • Appendix G. Faunal remains.
An authoritative summary of the results of the archaeological excavations in the middle Senegal River valley, site of the ancient African Empire of Takrur. A summary of archaeological discoveries in the middle Senegal River valley, this authoritative volume presents new data on iron production, population settlement, and environmental change on the site of the ancient West African empire of Takrur, the first kingdom south of the Sahara mentioned by medieval Arab chroniclers. This authoritative volume should prove of great value to students of archaeology, anthropology, and African history, as well as to climatologists, geomorphologists, and ecologists.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780913516294 20170123
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Book
xxi, 368 pages : illustrations (some color), portraits ; 27 cm.
  • Symposium participants
  • Foreword. Cancer stem cells : Normal and neoplastic stem cells / Melissa N. McCracken, Benson M. George, Kevin S. Kao, Kristopher D. Marjon, Tal Raveh, and Irving L. Weissman
  • Targeting the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition: the case for differentiation-based therapy / Diwakar R. Pattabiraman and Robert A. Weinberg
  • Trimming the vascular tree in tumors: metabolic and immune adaptations / Elizabeth Allen, Rindert Missiaen, and Gabriele Bergers
  • Cell of origin and cancer stem cells in tumor suppressor mouse models of Glioblastoma / Sheila R. Alcantara Llaguno, Zuanhua Xie, and Luis F. Parada. Genetics and epigenetics : The enigma of p53 / Guillermina Lozano
  • Alterations in three-dimensional organization of the cancer genome and epigenome / Joanna Achinger-Kawecka, Phillippa C. Taberlay, and Susan J. Clark
  • COmposition and function of mammalian SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complexes in human disease / John L. Pulice and Cigall Kadoch
  • The essential transcriptional function of BRD4 in acute myeloid leukemia / Jae-Seok Roe and Christopher R. Vakoc. Metabolism : Reexamining how cancel cells exploit the body's metabolic resources : Craig B. Thompson and Wilhelm Palm
  • Autophagy, metabolism, and cancer / Jessie Yanxiang Guo and Eileen White
  • A time for MYC: metabolism and therapy / Chi V. Dang
  • Beyond the oncogene revolution: four new ways to combat cancer / Thorsten Berger, Mary E. Saunders, and Tak W. Mak
  • Lipid synthesis is a metabolic liability of non-small cell lung cancer / Robert U. Svensson and Reuben J. Shaw. Targets, vaccines, and therapeutics : Cancer immunogenomics: computational neoantigen identification and vaccine design / Jasreet Hundal, Christopher A. Miller, Malachi Griffith, Obi L. Griffith, Jason Walker, Susanna Kiwala, Aaron Graubert, Joshua McMichauel, Adam Coffman, and Elaine R. Mardis
  • Targeting HIF2 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma / Hyejin Cho and William G. Kaelin
  • BET bromodomain proteins as cancer therapeutic targets / Shaokun Shu and Kornelia Polyak
  • To prime, or not to prime: that is the question / Danielle S. Potter and Anthony Letai
  • Genetic dissection of cancer development, therapy response, and resistance in mouse models of breast cancer / Stefano Annunziato, Marco Barazas, Sven Rottenberg, and Jos Jonkers. Microenvironment and metastasis : Tumor-stroma interactions in bone metastasis: molecular mechanisms and therapeutic implications / Hanqiu Zheng, Wenyang Li, and Yibin Kang
  • Cancer, oxidative stress, and metastasis / Jennifer G. Gill, Elena Piskounova, and Sean J. Morrison
  • RON signaling is a key mediator of tumor progression in many human cancers / Najme Faham and Alana L. Welm
  • Physical and chemical gradients in the tumor microenvironment regulate tumor cell invasion, migration, and metastasis / Madeleine J. Oudin and Valerie M. Weaver. Models of cancer : Pathways involved in formation of mammary organoid architecture have keys to understanding drug resistance and to discovery of druggable targets / Saori Furuta and Mina J. Bissell
  • Explaining the paucity of intratumoral T cells: a construction out of known entities / Douglas T. Fearon
  • Modeling breast cancer intertumor and intratumour heterogeneity using xenografts / Alejandra Bruna, Oscar M. Rueda, and Carlos Caldas
  • Challenges and opportunities in modeling pancreatic cancer / Michael E. Feigin and David A. Tuveson. Cancer genomics and tumor heterogeneity : Functional genomic characterization of cancer genomes / Thomas P. Howard, Francisca Vazquez, Aviad Tsherniak, Andrew L. Hong, Mik Rinne, Andrew J. Aguirre, Jesse S. Boehm, and William C. Hahn
  • How cancer genomics drives cancer biology: does synthetic lethality explain mutually exclusive oncogenic mutations? / Harold Varmus, Arun M. Unni, and William W. Lockwood
  • A pipeline for drug target identification and validation / Eusebio Manchado, Chun-Hao Huang, Nilgun Tasdemir, Darjus F. Tschaharganeh, John E. Wilkinson, and Scott W. Lowe
  • SIngle-cell analysis of circulating tumor cells as a window into tumor heterogeneity ? David T. Miyamoto, David T. Ting, Mehmet TOner, Shyamala Maheswaran, and Daniel A. Haber
  • Discovery of double-stranded genomic DNA in circulating exosomes / Raghu Kalluri and Valerie S. LeBleu. Summary : Moving closer to victory / Taru Muranen and Joan S. Brugge. Dorcas Cummings lecture : Charles Sawyers. Conversations at the symposium : Gabriele Bergers
  • Joan Brugge
  • Karen Cichowski
  • Susan Clark
  • Gerard Evan
  • Daniel Haber
  • William Kaelin
  • Raghu Kalluri
  • Scott Lowe
  • Guillermina (Gigi) Lozano
  • David Lyden
  • Elaine Mardis
  • Sean Morrison
  • Benjamin Neel
  • Luis Parada
  • Sir Michael Stratton
  • David Tuveson
  • Christopher Vakoc
  • Harold Varmus
  • Karen Vousden
  • Valerie Weaver
  • Robert Weinberg
  • Eileen White. Author index. Subject index.
The 81st Cold Spring Harbor Symposium focused on Targeting Cancer. The implications of how the underlying science can drive improvements in diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic approaches was a major theme throughout the Symposium. The topics covered at the meeting included: Cancer Genes and Genomes; Cancer Pathways; Tumor Cell Biology; Cancer Growth & Progression; Innate & Adaptive Immune Responses; and Enabling Technologies. Several speakers participated in interviews during the course of the Symposium week and transcripts of those videos and the Dorcas Cummings lecture are included.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xix, 361 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 27 cm.
  • Symposium participants
  • Foreword
  • Gene control. Imaging transcription: past, present and future / Robert A. Coleman, Zhe Liu, Xavier Darzacq, Robert Tijan, Robert H. Singer, and Timothée Lionnet
  • Visualizing the HoxD gene cluster at the nanoscale level / Pierre J. Fabre, Alexander Benke, Suliana Manley, and Denis Duboule
  • Transcriptional enhancers: bridging the genome and phenome / Bing Ren and Feng Yue
  • Regulatory principles governing tissue specificity of developmental enhancers / Emma K. Farley, Katrina M. Olson, and Michael S. Levine
  • The importance of controlling transcription elongation at coding and noncoding RNA loci / Benjamin S. Scruggs and Karen Adelman
  • Chromatin domains and nuclear position. Regulatory domains and their mechanisms / Nezha S. Benabdallah and Wendy A. Bickmore
  • Large-scale chromatin structure-function relationships during the cell cycle and development: insights from replication timing / Vishnu Dileep, Juan Carlos Rivera-Mulia, Jiao Sima, and David M. Gilbert
  • Prenucleosomes and active chromatin / Mai T. Khuong, Jia Fei, Haruhiko Ishii, and James T. Kadonaga
  • HIPMap: a high-throughput imaging method for mapping spatial gene positions / Sigal Schachar, Gianluca, Pegoraro, and Tom Misteli
  • Genome organization and chromosome architecture / Giorgio Bernardi
  • Genome stability. A system to study aneuploidy in vivo / Sarah J. Pfau and Angelika Amon
  • Resolution of recombination intermediates: mechanisms and regulation / Stephen C. West, Miguel G. Blanco, Ying Wait Chan, Joao Matos, Shriparna Sarbajna, and Haley D.M. Wyatt
  • 21st century genetics: mass spectrometry of yeast telomerase / Kah Wai Lin and Virginia A. Zakian
  • From mutational mechanisms in single cells to mutational patterns in cancer genomes / Cheng-Zhong Zhang and David Pellman
  • The evolution of tumors in mice and humans with germline p53 mutations / Arnold J. Levine, Chang S. Chan, Crissy Dudgeon, Anna Puzio-Kuter, and Pierre Hainaut
  • Germ cells and early development. Mechanism and reconstitution in vitro of germ cell development in mammals / Kazuki Kurimoto and Mitinori Saitou
  • Erase-maintain-establish: natural reprogramming of the mammalian epigenome / Milena Leseva, Barbara B. Knowles, Daniel M. Messerschmidt, and Davor Solter
  • Regulation of reprogramming and cellular plasticity through histone exchange and histone variant incorporation / Xavier Gaume and Maria-Elena Torres-Padilla
  • ZFP57 and the targeted maintenance of postfertilization genomic imprints / Nozomi Takahashi, Dionne Gray, Ruslan Strogantsev, Angela Noon, Celia Delahaye, William C. Skarnes, Peri H. Tate, and Anne C. Ferguson-Smith
  • Embryonic stem cells and development. Biological networks governing the acquisition, maintenance and dissolution of pluripotency: insights from functional genomics approaches / Kevin Andrew Uy Gonzales and Huck-Hui Ng
  • Monitoring dynamics of DNA methylation at single-cell resolution during development and disease / Yonatan Stelzer and Rudolf Jaenisch
  • Perturbing chromatin structure to understand mechanisms of gene expression / Caroline R. Bartman and Gerd A. Blobel
  • Mechanisms underlying the selection and function of macrophage-specific enhancers / Verena M. Link, David Gosselin, and Christopher K. Glass
  • Metabolism and signaling. Clock-talk: interactions between central and peripheral circadian oscillators in mammals / Ueli Schibler, Ivana Gotic, Camille Saini, Pascal Gos, Thomas Curie, Yann Emmenegger, Flore Sinturel, Pauline Gosselin, Alan Gerber, Fabienne Fleury-Olela, Gianpaolo Rando, Maud Demarque, and Paul Franken
  • Dissecting the rev-erba cistrome and the mechanisms controlling circadian transcription in liver / Bin Fang and Mitchell A. Lazar
  • Modulating the genomic programming of adipocytes / Anne Loft, Søren Fisker Schmidt, and Susanne Mandrup
  • Targeting transcriptional and epigenetic reprogramming in stromal cells in fibrosis and cancer / Nasun Hah, Mara H. Sherman, Ruth T. Yu, Michael Downes, and Ronald M. Evans
  • Regulation of RORyt in inflammatory lymphoid cell differentiation / Wendy Huang and Dan R. Littman
  • Evolution. How transcription networks evolve and produce biological novelty / Isabel Nocedal and Alexander D. Johnson
  • The African turquoise killifish: a model for exploring vertebrate aging and diseases in the fast lane / Itamar Harel and Anne Brunet
  • Transposable elements, polydactyl proteins, and the genesis of human-specific transcription networks / Didier Trono
  • Dorcas Cummings lecture. Svante Pääbo
  • Conversations at the symposium. Geneviève Almouzni
  • Angelika Amon
  • Julius Brennecke
  • Emmanuelle Charpentier
  • Job Dekker
  • Titia de Lange
  • Jennifer Doudna
  • Denis Duboule
  • Ron Evans
  • Anne Ferguson-Smith
  • Edith Heard
  • David Kingsley
  • Arnold Levine
  • Susan Lindquist
  • Dan Littman
  • Richard Morimoto
  • David Page
  • Wolf Reik
  • Bing Ren
  • Ueli Schibler
  • Davor Solter
  • Alexander Tarakhovsky
  • Joanna Wysocka
  • Rick Young
  • Author index
  • Subject index.
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4. Cognition [2014]

Book
xviii, 308 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 27 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xiv, 267 pages : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm.
  • Introduction
  • Marae in the Society Islands
  • The ritual landscape: architecture and spatial configuration of the ScMo-124/-125 complex
  • Excavations at the ScMo-124/-125 complex
  • Dating and chronology
  • Ritual centers in the context of protohistoric Ma'ohi Society.
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Book
xiv, 200 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.
In 1946 and 1953, Irving "Ben" Rouse led archaeological excavations at prehistoric to protohistoric sites on the island of Trinidad. This book presents an analysis of these excavations-until now unpublished-relating the results of Rouse's work to subsequent research at these sites by other investigators and to current knowledge of Trinidad's cultural sequence and Amerindian ethnohistory. The first detailed study of indigenous cultural development in Trinidad covering its entire pre-Columbian through the historical Amerindian sequence, this work is a significant addition to the data on Caribbean archaeology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780913516287 20160611
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Book
72 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm.
The late Cretaceous tyrannosaurid Alioramus altai is known from a single specimen whose articulated braincase exhibits a nearly unique combination of preservational quality, subadult stage of growth, and morphological complexity. We use a detailed physical preparation combined with high-resolution computed tomography to provide an expanded description of this braincase that includes details of the neurocranium and its dermal roof, pneumatic recesses and sinuses, cranial endocast, and inner ear cavities. A few notable features include a highly developed rostral tympanic recess marked by three pneumatic fenestrae, a highly pneumatic paroccipital process with both rostral and caudal pneumatic foramina, a prootic fossa housing external foramina for the trigeminal and facial nerves, a well-developed superficial lamina of the prootic, an expanded vestibular cavity, and an osseous labyrinth that is plesiomorphic in appearance. These observations, set within the currently available comparative context, elucidate numerous neuroanatomical transformations within Tyrannosauroidea and clarify where more data and work are needed. We expand the discussion for the 21 characters from the neurocranium utilized in a recent revision of tyrannosauroid phylogeny, including a listing of which tyrannosauroid taxa can be scored for the primitive and derived states of each character.
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Book
187 pages : color illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
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Book
102 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
A new genus, Prodysderina, is established for a group of Neotropical oonopids belonging to the Dysderina complex and characterized by having a laterally incised, tuberculate, but unridged sternum, a groove connecting the posterior (but not the anterior) spiracles, and a male embolus with an elongated distal prong and a reduced proximal prong. Dysderina armata Simon is transferred to Prodysderina and selected as the type species; eight new species are described from Venezuela (P. megarmata, P. rollardae, P. janetae) and Colombia (P. piedecuesta, P. rasgon, P. santander, P. filandia, P. otun). The genus Aschnaoonops contains species that resemble those of Prodysderina but have a twisted (and usually basally widened) embolus in males, and a reduced genital atrium in females. That genus occurs in the Andes from Peru north to Colombia, east across northern South America, and north into the West Indies. Dysderina similis (Keyserling) and D. propinqua (Keyserling) from Colombia, and D. simla Chickering from Trinidad, are transferred to Aschnaoonops, and females of the two Keyserling species are described for the first time. One new species, A. silvae, has been taken by canopy fogging and appears to be widespread in the Amazonian portions of Peru, Ecuador, and Colombia. A total of 36 other new, ground-dwelling, microdistributed species are described: A. yasuni, A. tiputini, A. cosanga, A. ramirezi, A. jatun, and A. marshalli from Ecuador, A. leticia, A. orito, A. pira, A. paez, A. huila, A. meta, A. alban, A. chingaza, A. pamplona, A. pedro, and A. marta from Colombia, A. chorro, A. indio, A. tachira, A. tariba, A. teleferico, A. jaji, A. merida, A. aquada, A. masneri, A. trujillo, A. cristalina, A. bocono, A. simoni, and A. margaretae from Venezuela, A. malkini, A. caninde, and A. belem from Brazil, A. villalba from Puerto Rico, and A. gorda from the Virgin Islands. Another new genus, Bidysderina, is established for a group of species resembling those above in sternal structure but having differently constructed male palps; five new species (B. perdido, B. bifida, B. niarchos, B. wagra, B. cayambe) are described from Napo province, Ecuador.
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Book
117 pages : ill. (some color), maps ; 26 cm.
The goblin spider genus Zyngoonops Benoit, 1977 is revised. The type and hitherto only species, Z. clandestinus Benoit from the Democratic Republic of Congo (D.R.C.), is redescribed on the basis of topotypical material. Nine new species are described from the D.R.C. (Z. moffetti, Z. redii, Z. goedaerti, Z. rockoxi, Z. beatriceae, Z. chambersi, Z. swammerdami, Z. marki) and the Central African Republic (Z. walcotti). Members of Zyngoonops show remarkable modifications of the sternum and pedicel tube: the sternum has two heavily sclerotized posterior extensions, and the pedicel tube has a protruding ventral lip. The female genitalia are complex, consisting of an epigastric scape, two uterine sclerites, and a long genital duct. In most species, the distal part of the duct is highly coiled. Males resemble those of Antoonops Fannes and Jocqué and Coxapopha Platnick in having elaborately modified endites, a pair of pleural flaps, and a carapace with extended anterolateral corners. The type species of Coxapopha is redescribed, and new images of the female genitalia of Antoonops and Coxapopha are provided. A cladistic analysis of morphological characters provides support for the monophyly of Zyngoonops and identifies Z. redii as the most basal species of the genus.
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Book
xx, 284 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm.
  • Development and antigen receptor gene assembly: TET proteins and 5-methylcytosine oxidation in the immune system / Ageliki Tsagaratou, Anjana Rao ; Control of antigen receptor diversity through spatial regulation of V(D)J recombination / Anja Ebert, Jasna Medvedovic, Hiromi Tagoh, Tanja A. Schwickert, Meinrad Busslinger ; Establishment and maintenance of B cell identity / Rudolf Grosschedl ; Transcriptional establishment of cell-type identity : dynamics and causal mechanisms of T-cell lineage commitment / Ellen V. Rothenberg, Ameya Champhekar, Sagar Damle, Marissa Morales Del Real, Hao Yuan Kueh, Long Li, Mary A. Yui ; The epigenetics of early lymphocyte development / C. Murre
  • Gene regulation: Regnase-1, a ribonuclease involved in the regulation of immune responses / Shizuo Akira ; Toward an understanding of the gene-specific and global logic of inducible gene transcription / Stephen T. Smale, Scott E. Plevy, Amy S. Weinmann, Liang Zhou, Vladimir R. Ramirez-Carrozzi, Scott D. Pope, Dev M. Bhatt, Ann-Jay Tong ; Tolerization of inflammatory gene expression / John J. Seeley, Sankar Ghosh
  • The 'histone mimicry' by pathogens / Uwe Schaefer, Jessica S.Y. Ho, Rab K. Prinjha, Alexander Tarakhovsky
  • Development and function of myeloid subsets: Myb-independent macrophages : a family of cells that develops with their tissue of residence and is involved in its homeostasis / Elisa Gomez Perdiguero, Frederic Geissmann ; The molecular choreography of IRF4 and IRF8 with immune system partners / Harinder Singh, Elke Glasmacher, Abraham B. Chang, Bryan Vander Lugt
  • The IRF family transcription factors at the interface of innate and adaptive immune responses / Hiroaki Ikushima, Hideo Negishi, Tadatsugu Taniguchi
  • T-cell differentiation and function: IL-1b strikingly enhances antigen-driven CD4 and CD8 t-cell responses / S.Z. Ben-Sasson, K. Wang, J. Cohen, W.E. Paul ; A modified model of t-cell differentiation based on mTOR activity and metabolism / Jonathan D. Powell, Emily B. Heikamp, Kristen N. Pollizzi, Adam T. Waickman ; Novel tools to dissect the dynamic regulation of TCR signaling by the kinase Csk and the Phosphatase CD45 / Ying Xim Tan, Julie Zikherman, Arthur Weiss
  • NK cells and innate lymphoid cells: Dissection of signaling in inflammation : three novel inflammatory regulators / Thorsten Berger, Mary E. Saunders, Tak W. Mak ; Tissue-resident natural killer cells / Wayne M. Yokoyama, Dorothy K. Sojka, Hui Peng, Zhigang Tian
  • Microbial immunity: Immunology taught by human genetics / Jean-Laurent Casanova, Laurent Abel, Lluis Quintana-Murci ; Systems approach to understand the immune response in tuberculosis : an iterative process between mouse models and human disease / Anne O'Garra ; The zebrafish guide to tuberculosis immunity and treatment / Lalita Ramakrishnan ; Microbiota : host interactions in mucosal homeostasis and systemic autoimmunity / Randy S. Longman, Yi Yang, Gretchen E. Diehl, Sangwon V. Kim, Dan R. Littman ; The promised land of human immunology / Laura F. Su, Arnold Han, Helen M. McGuire, David Furman, Evan W. Newell, Mark M. Davis
  • Tolerance, TREGS, and inflammasome: Transcriptional control of regulatory t-cell differentiation / Joris van der Veeken, Aaron Arvey, Alexander Rudensky
  • miR-181 and metabolic regulation in the immune system / Adam Williams, Jorge Henao-Mejia, Christian C.D. Harman, Richard A. Flavell ; Encoding immunological memory in the initiation of b-cell receptor signaling / Susan K. Pierce, Wanli Liu
  • Tumor immunology and genome stability: Programmed cell death 1-directed immunotherapy for enhancing t-cell function / Koichi Araki, Ben Youngblood, Rafi Ahmed ; Immune surveillance of unhealthy cells by natural killer cells / Alexandre Iannello, David H. Raulet ; Studying Epstein-Barr virus pathologies and immune surveillance by reconstructing EBV infection in mice / Tomoharu Yasuda, Tristan Wirtz, Baochun Zhang, Thomas Wunderlich, Marc Schmidt-Supprian, Thomas Sommermann, Klaus Rajewsky
  • Closing lecture: Pathogen-sensing, regulatory t cells, and responsiveness-tuning collectively regulate foreign- and self-antigen mediated t-cell responses / William E. Paul, Joshua D. Milner, Zvi Grossman.
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Book
100 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm.
The Hațeg Island fauna of the terminal late Cretaceous (ca. 71-65 million years ago) of Romania is one of the most unusual dinosaur assemblages in the global fossil record. It has long been recognized that many herbivorous dinosaurs from the Hațeg fauna were dwarfed, morphologically aberrant, and/or primitive relative to mainland contemporaries, and these taxa are often considered examples of the so-called island effect: the evolutionary phenomenon by which island-dwelling species are often dwarfed and anatomically modified. Very little, however, is known about the carnivorous dinosaurs that inhabited Hațeg Island, and it is unclear whether they were also dwarfed, aberrant, or primitive. In 2009, the discovery of the first substantially complete theropod from the late Cretaceous of Europe, the holotype of the Romanian dromaeosaurid Balaur bondoc, provided the first clear glimpse at an island-dwelling carnivorous dinosaur. Here we describe and figure this remarkably preserved skeleton in detail. We provide detailed descriptions and photographs of individual bones, and make extensive comparisons with other dromaeosaurids (and other derived coelurosaurian theropods). This monographic description provides further evidence that Balaur is an unusual derived dromaeosaurid, closely related to Velociraptor, with a remarkably modified hand and foot skeleton, including a stocky and heavily fused distal hind limb, a double set of hyperextensible pedal claws, and a fused and atrophied hand, which are otherwise unknown among derived coelurosaurian theropods. We present an updated diagnosis of Balaur based on additional preparation of the holotype, comparisons with other dromaeosaurids, and careful consideration of postmortem crushing. Histological techniques demonstrate that both the holotype and a referred specimen of Balaur, which is approximately 50% larger than the holotype and from a separate locality, belong to mature individuals. Therefore, we remove the referred specimen from Balaur bondoc and conservatively consider it Balaur sp. We present an updated assessment of the phylogenetic relationships of Balaur based on a comprehensive new coelurosaurian cladistics dataset, which corroborates the close relationship between Balaur, Velociraptor, Deinonychus, Adasaurus, and Saurornitholestes. We review the fossil record of European late Cretaceous theropods and show that other specimens from the late Cretaceous of Romania (including the holotype of Elopteryx), France, and Hungary either do not belong to Balaur (due to the lack of Balaur autapomorphies) or cannot be compared to Balaur because of a lack of overlapping material. Finally, we discuss the biogeographic history of European terminal Cretaceous dinosaur faunas and comment on the extreme morphological specializations of Balaur. We conclude that the phylogenetic position of Balaur, a derived dromaeosaurid closely related to late Cretaceous Laurasian taxa, is inconsistent with previous hypotheses of long-term geographic endemicity of the Romanian island faunas, but argue that the aberrant Bauplan of Balaur is similar to that seen in some living and recently extinct mammals and thus likely due to the "island effect."
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Book
137 p. : ill. (some col.), maps ; 26 cm.
The New World species of Oedichirus Erichson, 1839, are revised, redescribed, or newly described, illustrated, and included in keys for identification. The morphology of the ventral pterothoracic sclerites is examined and Matsuda's (1970) interpretation is largely adopted over that of Ferris (1940b). Newly discovered characters of the median gonocoxal plate and associated vulvar plate, including its microstructures, are discussed. Prior to the present paper New World species were known in Brazil and Costa Rica, but are herein newly reported for the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina; a specimen intercepted at a port in the United States was said to have come from Nicaragua. Eight species were previously described; 19 new ones are added herein, 12 from Brazil (O. apiculus, O. batillus, O. bicristatus, O. bullaglaber, O. bullahirtus, O. clavolateralis, O. clavulus, O. echinatus, O. exilis, O. glabrihamus, O. lunatus, and O. procerus), two from Mexico (O. isthmus and O. sinuosus), and one each from Argentina (O. misionesiensis), Bolivia (O. dilophus), Ecuador (O. distortus), Peru (O. hamatus), and Dominican Republic (O. dominicanensis). A neotype is designated for O. geniculatus and lectotypes are designated for O. brunneus Wendeler, O. pictipes Bierig, O. ohausi Wendeler, O. optatus Sharp, O. sparsipennis Bernhauer, and O. speculifrons Bernhauer. Some species are included in species groups.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
121 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 26 cm
The Neotropical chactid scorpion genus Chactopsis Kraepelin, 1912, is revised. New diagnoses are presented for all previously described species, most of which have not been revised since their original description. The trichobothrial pattern is reinterpreted and the hemispermatophore described for the first time. Chactopsis is restricted to eight species, two of which are new: Chactopsis chullachaqui, n. sp., from Peru and Chactopsis curupira, n. sp., from Brazil. Chactopsis insignis Kraepelin, 1912, is redescribed and supplementary data on pedipalp trichobothria and hemispermatophore (where known) provided for Chactopsis amazonica Lourenço and Francke, 1986, Chactopsis barajuri González-Sponga, 1982, Chactopsis buhrnheimi Lourenço, 2003, Chactopsis siapaensis González-Sponga, 1991, and Chactopsis sujirima González-Sponga, 1982. Two new genera are created to accommodate the remaining species, formerly assigned to Chactopsis, based on a cladistic analysis of morphological characters. Chactopsoides, n. gen., accommodates Chactopsoides anduzei (González-Sponga, 1982), n. comb. (type species), and Chactopsoides marahuacaensis (González-Sponga, 2004), n. comb., Chactopsoides gonzalezspongai, n. sp., from Venezuela, and Chactopsoides yanomami (Lourenço et al., 2011), n. comb., from Brazil. Chactopsoides anduzei, n. comb., is redescribed and Chactopsis carolinae Botero-Trujillo, 2008, synonymized with it. Supplementary data on pedipalp trichobothria are provided for C. marahuacaensis, n. comb. Megachactops, n. gen., accommodates Megachactops coriaceo (González-Sponga, 1991), n. comb., and Megachactops kuemoi, n. sp. (type species), from Venezuela. Supplementary data on pedipalp trichobothria and hemispermatophore are provided for M. coriaceo, n. comb. A key to identification of the species of Chactopsis, Chactopsoides, n. gen., and Megachactops, n. gen., is provided, their morphology illustrated, and distribution records mapped.
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Book
7 volumes (2704 pages) : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm
  • v. 1. Introduction. A brief history of termite systematics ; Morphology ; Key to the extant families of Isoptera. Key to the subfamilies of Termitidae. Key to genera of the family Kalotermitidae ; Diagnoses of families and subfamilies ; Pest species of Isoptera ; Termite evolution : diversity, distributions, phylogeny, fossil record ; Summary classification of Isoptera ; The taxonomic compendium. Nomenclatural changes made in this work. Museums and repositories
  • v. 2. Basal families. Isoptera ; Cratomastotermitidae ; Mastotermitidae ; Termopsidae ; Archotermopsidae ; Hodotermitidae ; Stolotermitidae. Porotermitinae. Stolotermitinae ; Kalotermitidae
  • v. 3. Neoisoptera excluding Termitidae. Archeorhinotermitidae ; Stylotermitidae ; Rhinotermitidae. Coptotermitinae. Heterotermitinae. Prorhinotermitinae. Psammotermitinae. Rhinotermitinae. Termitogetoninae. Serritermitidae
  • v. 4. Termitidae (part one). Sphaerotermitinae. Macrotermitinae. Foraminitermitinae. Syntermitinae
  • v. 5. Termitidae (part two). Nasutotermitinae. Cubitermitinae
  • v. 6. Termitidae (part three). Termitinae ; Family incertae cedis ; Taxa excluded from Isoptera
  • v. 7. References ; Index to scientific names.
A comprehensive compendium on the taxonomy and biology of the 3106 living and fossil species of the world's termites is presented, along with reviews of Isoptera morphology and evolution, identification keys, the history of termite systematics, and summary of the world's 363 significant pest species. A complete bibliography is provided of nearly 5000 references covering virtually all aspects of termite taxonomy and biology through December 2011. The morphology of Isoptera is thoroughly reviewed and illustrated with original scanning electron micrographs and photomicrographs, covering the cuticular anatomy and those internal organs that are taxonomically and phylogenetically significant, including several new character systems. Terminology is presented for the systems of tibial spines and spurs so as to establish homologs. Keys are presented to the nine living families of termites, and the world subfamilies and genera of Archotermopsidae, Hodotermitidae, Kalotermitidae, Mastotermitidae, Rhinotermitidae, Serritermitidae, Stolotermitidae, and Stylotermitidae. A key to subfamilies of the Termitidae is included. A detailed morphological diagnosis for each family and subfamily is provided, along with images of exemplar species. The history of isopteran research in taxonomy, systematics, morphology, paleontology, and biology is reviewed from 1758 to the present, with emphasis on transformative workers such as Holmgren, Silvestri, Emerson, Roonwal, Noirot, and Sands. Evolution of the Isoptera is reviewed, including the diversity and natural history of genera and species in all zoogeographic regions, major patterns in social biology, the phylogeny of Recent and fossil genera and families, and 135 million years of fossils preserved as compressions, mineralized replicas, and in amber. The definitive sister group to the Isoptera is the monogeneric family of wood roaches, Cryptocercidae (Cryptocercus), so the taxonomic ranks of the two groups are now Infraorder Isoptera and Infraorder Cryptocercoidea within Order Blattaria (roaches and termites). The compendium summarizes the taxonomic history, nomenclature, distribution, type locality, and repository, and all significant aspects of natural history and biology for each species of the world, exclusive of pest control and colony inquilines (termitophiles). The classification of Recent and fossil lower termites (all those exclusive of family Termitidae) used in the compendium is from Engel et al. (2009), which is based on morphology and largely congruent with molecular studies. Rhinotermitidae s.s. (exclusive of Stylotermitidae) may be paraphyletic with respect to Termitidae, although the six traditional subfamilies of the former are used here. A separate section summarizes the nomenclatural changes made in the compendium, including new synonymies, new combinations, status novus, lectotype selection etc. A detailed list is provided of museums and other institutional collections that house type specimens. An index is included. The Treatise is intended to provide an authoritative foundation for taxonomic work on the Isoptera, present and future.
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Book
xiv, 314 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
A second book that is part of the Yale University Publications in Anthropology series dedicated to the Machu Picchu collections recovered early in the twentieth century from Machu Picchu by Hiram Bingham and the Yale Peruvian Scientific Expeditions which analyzes the metal artifacts and evidence of metallurgy at the site.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780913516270 20160610
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Book
xviii, 328 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm.
  • Germline: Reprogramming the epigenome in Arabidopsis pollen / F. Borges, J.P. Calarco, and R.A. Martienssen ; Surprises from the chromosome front : lessons from Arabidopsis on telomeres and telomerase / A.D.L. Nelson and D.E. Shippen ; Reproductive versatility and the epigenetic control of female gametogenesis / J.P. Vielle-Calzada, E. Hernández-Lagana, D. Rodríguez-Leal, I. Rodríguez-Arévalo, G. León-Martínez, U. Abad-Vivero, E. Demesa-Arévalo, A. Armenta-Medina, and C. Alvarez-Mejía ; Hypothesis : selection of imprinted genes Is driven by silencing deleterious gene activity in somatic tissues / F. Berger, T.M. Vu, J. Li, and B. Chen
  • Stem cells and polarity: Of blades and branches : understanding and expanding the Arabidopsis ad / abaxial regulatory network through target gene identification / T. Liu, B.J. Reinhart, E. Magnani, T. Huang, R. Kerstetter, and M.K. Barton ; How to pattern a leaf / N. Bolduc, D. O'Connor, J. Moon, M. Lewis, and S. Hake ; On fate and flexibility in stomatal development / D.L. Wengier and D.C. Bergmann
  • Signaling and development: Developmental plasticity in plants / M. de Jong and O. Leyser ; Stem cell signaling in immunity and development / H. Lee, O.K. Chah, J. Plotnikov, and J. Sheen ; A tale of two systems : peptide ligand-receptor pairs in plant development / J.S. Lee and K.U. Torii ; Toward a systems analysis of the root / P.N. Benfey
  • Domestication and evolution: Epigenetic variation, inheritance, and selection in plant populations / S. Hirsch, R. Baumberger, and U. Grossniklau ; The molecular basis of vernalization in different plant groups / T.S. Ream, D.P. Woods, and R.M. Amasino ; Color and scent : how single genes influence pollinator attraction / H. Sheehan, K. Hermann, and C. Kuhlemeier
  • Epigenetics: Epiallelic variation in Arabidopsis thaliana / R.C. O'Malley and J.R. Ecker ; DNA methylation, H2A.Z, and the regulation of constitutive expression / D. Coleman-Derr and D. Zilberman ; What triggers differential DNA methylation of genes and TEs : contribution of body methylation? / S. Inagaki and T. Kakutani ; Active DNA demethylation in plants and animals / H. Zhang and J.K. Zhu ; Illustrations of mathematical modeling in biology : epigenetics, meiosis, and an outlook / D. Richards, S. Berry, and M. Howard
  • Small RNAs: microRNA biogenesis and turnover in plants / K. Rogers and X. Chen ; Use of forward genetic screens to identify genes required for RNA-directed DNA methylation in Arabidopsis thaliana / C. Eun, Z.J. Lorkovic, T. Sasaki, U. Naumann, A.J.M. Matzke, and M. Matzke ; A transcription fork model for Pol IV and Pol V : dependent RNA-directed DNA methylation / C.S. Pikaard, J.R. Haag, O.M.F. Pontes, T. Blevins, and R. Cocklin ; Deep sequencing from hen1 mutants to identify small RNA 3ʹ modifications / J. Zhai and B.C. Meyers
  • Small RNA-regulated networks and the evolution of novel structures in plants / Y. Plavskin and M.C.P. Timmermans
  • Plant pathogen responses: Effector biology of plant-associated organisms : concepts and perspectives / J. Win, A. Chaparro-Garcia, K. Belhaj, D.G.O. Saunders, K. Yoshida, S. Dong, S. Schornack, C. Zipfel, S. Robatzek, S.A. Hogenhout, and S. Kamoun ; Effector recognition and activation of the Arabidopsis thaliana NLR innate immune receptors / A.D. Steinbrenner, S. Goritschnig, K.V. Krasileva, K.J. Schreiber, and B.J. Staskawicz ; A rolling stone gathers no moss, but resistant plants must gather their MOSes / K.C.M. Johnson, O.X. Dong, Y. Huang, and X. Li ; Natural variation in maize defense against insect herbivores / L.N. Meihls, H. Kaur, and G. Jander ; Mechanisms of nuclear suppression of host immunity by effectors from the Arabidopsis downy mildew pathogen Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis (Hpa) / M.-C. Caillaud, L. Wirthmueller, G. Fabro, S.J.M. Piquerez, S. Asai, N. Ishaque, and J.D.G. Jones
  • Photosynthesis and metabolism: Photosystem II : the water-splitting enzyme of photosynthesis / J. Barber ; The remarkable pliability and promiscuity of specialized metabolism / J.K. Weng and J.P. Noel.
"Plants are integral to human well being, and many species have been domesticated for more than 10,000 years. Evidence of plant scientific investigation and classification can be found in ancient texts from cultures around the world (Chinese, Indian, Greco-Roman, Muslim, etc.), whereas early modern botany can be traced to the late 15th and early 16th centuries in Europe. During the past several decades, plant biology has been revolutionized first by molecular biology and then by the genomic era. The model organism Arabidopsis thaliana has proved to be an invaluable tool for investigation into fundamental processes in plant biology, many of which share commonalities with animal biology. Plant-specific processes from reproduction to immunity and second messengers have also yielded to extensive investigation. With the genomes of more than 30 plant species now available and many more planned in the near future, the impact on our understanding of plant evolution and biology continues to grow. Our increased ability to engineer plant species to a variety of ends may provide novel solutions to ensure adequate and reliable food production and renewable energy even as climate change impacts our environment. The decision to focus the 2012 Symposium on plant science reflected the enormous research progress achieved in recent years and was intended to provide a broad synthesis of the current state of the field, setting the stage for future discoveries and application. This is the first Symposium in this historic series that focused exclusively on the botanical sciences. The Symposium spanned a broad range of areas of investigation including genetics, biochemistry, molecular and cell biology, developmental biology, physiology, and population/evolution studies at levels ranging from the single cell to the entire organism and from single genes to genomes; plant-specific processes and pathways featured broadly throughout the meeting. Effort was made to balance fundamental biological discoveries with applications relevant to societal well being including improved crops, fuel, and habitat"--Page xv.
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Book
68 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm.
The new endemic goblin spider genus Predatoroonops is erected for 17 new soft-bodied oonopid species from Brazil: Predatoroonops schwarzeneggeri, sp. nov., is the type species of the genus, P. poncho, sp. nov., P. billy, sp. nov., P. valverde, sp. nov., P. blain, sp. nov., P. maceliot, sp. nov., P. anna, sp. nov., P. rickhawkins, sp. nov., P. dutch, sp. nov., P. dillon, sp. nov., P. vallarta, sp. nov., P. phillips, sp. nov., P. yautja, sp. nov., P. peterharlli, sp. nov., P. mctiernani, sp. nov., P. chicano, sp. nov., and P. olddemon, sp. nov. Males of this new genus are easily diagnosed and separated from other Oonopinae genera by the extremely modified male chelicerae that frontally have median furrows and accentuated projections. The females can be recognized by the genitalia, which have a conspicuous posterior receptaculum, usually exposed between the epigastric folds. An auxiliary character for both sexes could be the presence of very long pairs of ventral spines with pronounced bases on the legs I and II tibiae and metatarsi. The genus is considered endemic and the species are recorded mainly from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. An identification key is provided for all Predatoroonops species known to date.
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Book
91 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm.
The internal skeleton of the nasal cavity is sporadically and often incompletely described for many marsupial species and mammals in general. Here, I provide an anatomical survey of the ethmoid in the skulls of adult marsupials based on examination of computed tomography (CT) imagery of 29 taxa representing all the major extant groups of marsupials. This survey resulted in a description of the "generalized condition" for the morphology of the marsupial ethmoid bone, ossified nasal septum, and associated structures of the interior of the nasal cavity. I also described how the ethmoid in different clades varies in morphology from the general condition for Marsupialia. Intraspecific variation of the ethmoid was described based on a sample of 18 specimens of Monodelphis domestica, the gray short-tailed opossum, and asymmetries within a single specimen are documented for other taxa. For the most part I follow the nomenclature of previous nasal cavity workers, but I also provide explicit definitions of all the terms used and some of the common synonyms for these in the literature. Endoturbinals and ectoturbinals are numbered sequentially following the work of previous authors, because of the issues with serial homology for these elements. The number of elements of the marsupial ethmoid is fairly conserved with the typical and likely ancestral condition being the presence of an ossified maxilloturbinal, nasoturbinal, two ectoturbinals, and five endoturbinals. However, there is considerable variation in the complexity, spatial placement, and overall morphology of the bony internal skeleton of the nose. Based on this descriptive work, I documented 35 discrete characters from the ethmoid and ossified nasal septum complex in marsupials. These characters were scored for this sample of marsupials and five mammalian outgroups. Examination of these characters on preexisting topologies of marsupial relationships revealed some phylogenetic signal for this sample of marsupial species. Three of the characters are punitively diagnostic for previously recognized clades within Marsupialia. It is possible that when this matrix is combined with morphological data from other anatomical systems and molecular data that previously unrecognized or controversial clades within Marsupialia may be supported. Even so, the relatively little amount of phylogenetic signal from my character matrix prompted me to search for alternative explanations for mechanisms driving the variation in this anatomical system. Consequently, I compared ecological data with the number of ecto- and endoturbinals as a preliminary test to determine whether some of the interspecific variation in the osteology of the ethmoid is a result of ecological factors, but found few correlations to support this idea. Finally, my study highlights some issues with homologies of mammalian nasal cavity elements that need to be resolved and reexamined. These include whether the ossified nasal septum arises from the presphenoid or the mesethmoid, and a test of the current view of serial homology of the endoturbinals and ectoturbinals.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
262 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm.
In an effort to provide a framework for the accurate identification of elasmobranchs, driven in large part by the needs of parasitological studies, a comprehensive survey of DNA sequences derived from the mitochondrial NADH2 gene was conducted for elasmobranchs collected from around the world. Analysis was based on sequences derived from 4283 specimens representing an estimated 574 (of ~1221) species (305 sharks, 269 batoids), each represented by 1 to 176 specimens, in 157 (of 193 described) elasmobranch genera in 56 (of 57 described) families of elasmobranchs (only Hypnidae was not represented). A total of 1921 (44.9%) of the samples were represented by vouchers and/or images available in an online host specimen database (http://elasmobranchs.tapewormdb.uconn.edu). A representative sequence for each of the 574 species identified in this survey, as well as an additional 11 sequences for problematic complexes, has been deposited in GenBank. Neighbor-joining analysis of the data revealed a substantial amount of previously undocumented genetic diversity in elasmobranchs, suggesting 79 potentially new taxa (38 sharks, 41 batoids). Within-species p-distance variation in NADH2-percent sequence divergence ranged from 0 to 2.12 with a mean of 0.27; within-genus p-distance variation ranged from 0.03 to 27.01, with a mean of 10.16. These values are roughly consistent with estimates from prior studies based on barcode COI sequences for elasmobranchs and fishes. While biogeographic influences have likely shaped the diversification of the entire group, the traces left by older influences tend to be overprinted by newer ones. As a result, the most clearly interpretable influences are those associated with recently diverged taxa. Among closely related elasmobranchs, four regions appear to be of particular importance: (1) the Atlantic Ocean, (2) Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, and Red Sea, (3) Southeast Asia, and (4) Australia. Each of these regions has a substantial proportion of taxa that are genetically distinct from their closest relatives in other regions. These results suggest that great care should be taken in establishing the identities of elasmobranch hosts in parasitological studies. Furthermore, it is likely that many existing host records require confirmation.
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