[Washington, District of Columbia] : [U.S. Government Printing Office],  [Washington, District of Columbia] : [For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office], [date of distribution not identified]
Book — xxviii, 683 pages ; 28 cm.
Appendix 1: Terms of reference
Appendix 2: CIA detainees from 2002-2008
Appendix 3: Example of inaccurate CIA testimony to the Committee, April 12, 2007.
[Washington, D.C.] : Congress of the United States, Congressional Budget Office, 
Book — 1 online resource ([iii], 21 pages) : illustrations
How Much Funding Did the Administration Request for Nuclear Forces in 2014?
What Will the Administration's Plans for Nuclear Forces Cost Over the Next Decade?
What Are the Most Significant Sources of Uncertainty in CBO's Estimates?
Costs of Nuclear Forces
Strategic Nuclear Forces
Tactical Nuclear Forces
Nuclear Weapons Laboratories
Nuclear Command, Control, Communications, and Early-Warning Systems
Basis of CBO's Estimates
How CBO's Approach Compares With Other Approaches
Uncertainty in CBO's Estimates
About This Document.
"In its most recent review of U.S. nuclear policy, the Administration resolved to maintain all three types of systems that can deliver nuclear weapons over long ranges--submarines that launch ballistic missiles (SSBNs), land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), and long-range bombers--known collectively as the strategic nuclear triad. The Administration also resolved to preserve the ability to deploy U.S. tactical nuclear weapons carried by fighter aircraft overseas in support of allies. Nearly all of those delivery systems and the nuclear weapons they carry are nearing the end of their planned operational lives and will need to be modernized or replaced by new systems over the next two decades. In addition, the Administration's review called for more investment to restore and modernize the national laboratories and the complex of supporting facilities that maintain the nation's stockpile of nuclear weapons. The costs of those modernization activities will add significantly to the overall cost of the nation's nuclear forces, which also includes the cost of operating and maintaining the current forces. As directed by the Congress in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112 239), CBO has estimated the costs over the next 10 years of the Administration's plans for operating, maintaining, and modernizing nuclear weapons and the military systems capable of delivering those weapons. CBO's estimates should not be used directly to calculate the savings that might be realized if those forces were reduced: Because the nuclear enterprise has large fixed costs for infrastructure and other factors, a partial reduction in the size of any segment of those forces would be likely to result in savings that were proportionally smaller than the relative reduction in force."--Page .
Conclusions Of The Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission
Part 1: Crisis On The Horizon
1: Before our very eyes
Part 2: Setting The Stage
2: Shadow banking
3: Securitization and derivatives
4: Deregulation redux
5: Subprime lending
Part 3: Boom And Bust
6: Credit expansion
7: Mortgage machine
8: CDO machine
9: All in
Part 4: Unraveling
2007: Spreading subprime worries
2007: Disruptions in funding
2007 to early
2008: Billions in subprime losses
2008: Fall of Bear Stearns
16: March to August
2008: Systemic risk concerns
2008: Takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
2008: Bankruptcy of Lehman
2008: Bailout of AIG
20: Crisis and panic
Part 5: Aftershocks
21: Economic fallout
22: Foreclosure crisis
By Keith Hennessey, Douglas Holtz-Eakin, and Bill Thomas
By Peter J Wallison
Appendix A: Glossary
Appendix B: List of hearings and witnesses.
From the Publisher: In the wake of the most significant financial crisis since the Great Depression, the President signed into law on May 20, 2009, the Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009, creating the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission. The Commission was established to "examine the causes, domestic and global, of the current financial and economic crisis in the United States." The 10 members of the bi-partisan Commission, prominent private citizens with significant experience in banking, market regulation, taxation, finance, economics, housing, and consumer protection, were appointed by Congress on July 15, 2009. The Chair, Phil Angelides, and Vice Chair, Bill Thomas, were selected jointly by the House and Senate Majority and Minority Leadership. The FCIC is charged with conducting a comprehensive examination of 22 specific and substantive areas of inquiry related to the financial crisis. These include: fraud and abuse in the financial sector, including fraud and abuse towards consumers in the mortgage sector; Federal and State financial regulators, including the extent to which they enforced, or failed to enforce statutory, regulatory, or supervisory requirements; the global imbalance of savings, international capital flows, and fiscal imbalances of various governments; monetary policy and the availability and terms of credit; accounting practices, including, mark-to-market and fair value rules, and treatment of off-balance sheet vehicles; tax treatment of financial products and investments; capital requirements and regulations on leverage and liquidity, including the capital structures of regulated and non-regulated financial entities; credit rating agencies in the financial system, including, reliance on credit ratings by financial institutions and Federal financial regulators, the use of credit ratings in financial regulation, and the use of credit ratings in the securitization markets; lending practices and securitization, including the originate-to-distribute model for extending credit and transferring risk; affiliations between insured depository institutions and securities, insurance, and other types of nonbanking companies; the concept that certain institutions are 'too-big-to-fail' and its impact on market expectations; corporate governance, including the impact of company conversions from partnerships to corporations; compensation structures; changes in compensation for employees of financial companies, as compared to compensation for others with similar skill sets in the labor market; the legal and regulatory structure of the United States housing market; derivatives and unregulated financial products and practices, including credit default swaps; short-selling; financial institution reliance on numerical models, including risk models and credit ratings; the legal and regulatory structure governing financial institutions, including the extent to which the structure creates the opportunity for financial institutions to engage in regulatory arbitrage; the legal and regulatory structure governing investor and mortgagor protection; financial institutions and government-sponsored enterprises; and the quality of due diligence undertaken by financial institutions. The Commission is called upon to examine the causes of major financial institutions which failed, or were likely to have failed, had they not received exceptional government assistance. In its work, the Commission is authorized to hold hearings; issue subpoenas either for witness testimony or documents; and refer to the Attorney General or the appropriate state Attorney General any person who may have violated U.S. law in relation to the financial crisis.
[Washington, DC] : Executive Office of the President, President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, 
Book — 1 online resource (xxii, 119 p.) : ill. (some col.)
The Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program is the primary mechanism by which the Federal government coordinates its unclassified networking and information technology (NIT) research and development (R & D) investments. Fourteen Federal agencies, including all of the large science and technology agencies, are formal members of the NITRD Program, with many other Federal entities participating in NITRD activities. The program helps ensure that the Nation effectively leverages its strengths, avoids duplication, and increases interoperability in such critical areas as supercomputing, high-speed networking, cybersecurity, software engineering, and information management. PCAST finds that NITRD is well coordinated and that the U.S. computing research community, coupled with a vibrant NIT industry, has made seminal discoveries and advanced new technologies that are helping to meet many societal challenges. Importantly, however, PCAST also finds that a substantial fraction of the NITRD multi-agency spending summary represents spending that supports R & D in other fields, rather than spending on R & D in the field of NIT itself. As a result, the Nation is actually investing far less in NIT R & D than the $4 billion-plus indicated in the Federal budget. To achieve America's priorities and advance key research frontiers to support economic competitiveness in NIT, this report calls for a more accurate accounting of this national investment and recommends additional investments in NIT R & D, including research in networking and information technology for health, energy and transportation, and cyber-infrastructure, among others. NIT has yielded enormous benefits for the Nation's economic competitiveness, national security, and quality of life. To maintain America's leadership in NIT in an ever more competitive global environment, the Federal Government must be bold in its investments, including funding of high risk/high reward research with the potential to move this essential field in unanticipated directions. PCAST believes that execution of the recommendations in this report will enable us to address critical priorities and challenges in the years ahead.
[Washington, D.C.] : Executive Office of the President, 
Book — 1 online resource (14 p.)
The National Space Policy expresses the President's direction for the nation's space activities. The policy articulates the President's commitment to reinvigorating U.S. leadership in space for the purposes of maintaining space as a stable and productive environment for the peaceful use of all nations.