[Redacted version]. - Washington, D.C. : U.S. Department of Justice, 2019.
Book — 1 online resource (2 volumes in 1 (approximately 448 pages)) : color illustrations
On May 17, 2017, Robert S. Mueller III was appointed by acting Attorney General Rod J. Rosenstein to serve as Special Counsel by Order 3915-2017. The Special Counsel investigation of 2017 to 2019, also referred to as the Mueller probe, Mueller investigation and Russia investigation, was a United States counterintelligence investigation of the Russian government's efforts to interfere in the 2016 presidential election. According to its authorizing document, the investigation's scope included allegations that there were links or coordination between Donald Trump's presidential campaign and the Russian government as well as "any matters that arose or may arise directly from the investigation." It included a criminal investigation which looked into potential obstruction of justice charges against Trump and others within the campaign and administration. Conducted by the Department of Justice Special Counsel's Office headed by Robert Mueller, a Republican and former Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Special Counsel investigation began eight days after President Trump dismissed FBI director James Comey, who had been leading existing FBI investigations since July 2016 into links between Trump associates and Russian officials.
Revised July 2017. - [Washington, D.C.] : National Criminal Justice Reference Service, Office of Justice Programs, 
Book — 1 online resource (87 pages) : color illustrations
"The purpose of this research is threefold:1) to examine the extent to which human trafficking in the United States is perpetrated by organized criminal groups; 2) to better understand the groups, individuals, and operations of the organized crime, and operations of the organized crime groups engaged in human trafficking; and 3) to make available the full corpus of federally prosecuted human trafficking cases in a dynamic, open-source, searchable online database at HumanTraffickingData.org."--PDF Executive summary.
[Washington, D.C.] : United States Government Accountability Office, 2017.
Book — 1 online resource (ii, 40 pages) : color illustration, color maps
Over the last decade, extreme weather and fire events have cost the federal government over $350 billion, according to the Office of Management and Budget. These costs will likely rise as the climate changes, according to the U.S. Global Change Research Program. In February 2013, GAO included Limiting the Federal Government’s Fiscal Exposure by Better Managing Climate Change Risks on its High-Risk List. GAO was asked to review the potential economic effects of climate change and risks to the federal government. This report examines (1) methods used to estimate the potential economic effects of climate change in the United States, (2) what is known about these effects, and (3) the extent to which information about these effects could inform efforts to manage climate risks across the federal government. GAO reviewed 2 national-scale studies available and 28 other studies; interviewed 26 experts knowledgeable about the strengths and limitations of the studies; compared federal efforts to manage climate risks with leading practices for risk management and economic analysis; and obtained expert views.
[Washington, D.C.?] : National Criminal Justice Reference Service, Office of Justice Programs, 2017.
Book — 1 online resource (20 pages) Digital: text file.PDF.
Injury evidence and biological evidence gained from forensic medical examinations of victims can provide evidence about the crime as well as the means of linking a suspect to the crime. Evidence from a forensic medical examination can include genital and non-genital injuries, biological evidence (including sperm or semen, blood, and amylase, an enzyme of saliva), and a DNA profile that can often be derived from the biological evidence. This DNA can be matched to a potential suspect, matched to another investigation in the FBI’s Combined DNA Index System (CODIS), or matched to a convicted offender in CODIS. Injury evidence can be used to establish a victim’s lack of consent and could lead to physical assault charges. This project explored the use and impact of injury evidence and biological evidence through a study of the role of these forms of evidence in prosecuting sexual assault in an urban district attorney’s office in a metropolitan area in the eastern United States.
"Scale modeling can allow fire investigators to replicate specific fire dynamics at a dramatically reduced cost. A gas burner, liquid pool, wood crib, and polyurethane foam block are used to represent the wide range of fuels that investigators encounter. These fuels are classified into two groups: the burner and liquid pool that reach a semi-immediate steady state (static fires) and the crib and foam that have a fire spread and growth period (dynamic fires). This research examines the proposed scaling method for the static fires. The enclosure consists of a large corridor that provides an interesting challenge due to the presence of partitions at the ceiling. The design fires and the model enclosure are designed based on Froude scaling derived from conservation equations. The eight various sized fires demonstrate acceptable scaling results in the prediction of flame height and temperature at various elevations in the enclosure."--PDF table of contents page.
[Washington, D.C.] : Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice ; Richmond, Va. : National White Collar Crime Center
Book — 1 online resource (2 volumes).
"Examines how all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and five U.S. territories handled regulatory functions in four offense categories: banking and finance, environmental, worker safety, and Medicaid fraud. Volume I provides a series of tables of statutes authorizing regulatory enforcement options and compares each under the administrative, civil, and criminal categories of enforcement. Volume II describes the purpose of the statutes and enforcement options authorized by the statutes. Both reports reflect relevant statutes as of October 2016. Findings were based on an online review of state laws, as part of the 2014 State and Local White Collar Crime Program."--Publisher's home page.
[Washington, D.C.] : Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2017.
Book — 1 online resource (12 pages) : color illustrations
Under the Brady Act,, being an unlawful user of or addicted to a controlled substance prohibits a person from receiving firearms. The National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) Improvement Amendments Act (NIAA) of 2007 defines “unlawful drug use” records as those that identify a person unlawfully using or addicted to a controlled substance, as demonstrated by specified arrests, convictions, and adjudications that are not protected from disclosure to the Attorney General by Federal or State law. There are several challenges in making illegal-drug-use records available for NICS checks. The lack of centralized records management systems for law enforcement agencies makes it difficult to report drug arrests and obtain lab reports that may not be obtained for weeks or months after an arrest. Drug courts often misunderstand which records are reportable to the NICS index or may be reluctant to report illegal drug use as a violation in a person’s terms of supervision. Other impediments to creating comprehensive and accurate data on persons who have unlawfully used drugs are also discussed; however, the increased awareness of the need to develop and report drug use records to NCIC has led to some progress. The promising practices identified in this bulletin can provide guidelines for States in improving their collection and submission of data on persons who have unlawfully used drugs, thus disqualifying them from receiving a firearm. Personnel training and automation of data management are critical in this effort.
""For our statutory report this year, the Commission has examined whether the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is complying with its environmental justice obligations. Specifically, the Commission has reviewed EPA's compliance with Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, the Executive Order on Environmental Justice and EPA's use of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (which governs solid waste disposal and is also known as the Solid Waste Disposal Act) as an environmental justice tool to regulate the disposal of coal ash. The Commission chose to build off its prior evaluation of EPA's Title VI program and implementation of the Executive Order. At the same time, the Commission expanded the scope of review to include EPA's regulation of coal ash, because it represents an attempt by EPA to implement environmental justice principles as part of exercising its traditional statutory authorities. In the late 1980's, advocacy by a number of community groups as well as the publication of several studies, drew attention to the issue of disproportionate exposure of minority and low income communities to sources of pollution. Various labels were attached to this concept: "environmental equity." "environmental racism." and 'environmental justice." The latter term has been adopted by EPA and also used in a Presidential Executive Order in 1994. Executive Order 12,898 requires federal agencies to collect data on the health and environmental impact of their activities on communities of color and low income populations, and develop policies incorporating the principles of environmental justice into their mission."--PDF Executive summary.
[Washington, D.C.] : Federal Trade Commission, 2014.
Book — 1 online resource ( pages) : color illustrations
In this report, the Federal Trade Commission discusses the results of an in-depth study of nine data brokers. These data brokers collect personal information about consumers from a wide range of sources and provide it for a variety of purposes, including verifying an individual’s identity, marketing products, and detecting fraud. Because these companies generally never interact with consumers, consumers are often unaware of their existence, much less the variety of practices in which they engage. By reporting on the data collection and use practices of these nine data brokers, which represent a cross-section of the industry, this report attempts to shed light on the data broker industry and its practices. For decades, policymakers have expressed concerns about the lack of transparency of companies that buy and sell consumer data without direct consumer interaction. Indeed, the lack of transparency among companies providing consumer data for credit and other eligibility determinations led to the adoption of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”), a statute the Commission has enforced since its enactment in 1970. The FCRA covers the provision of consumer data by consumer reporting agencies where it is used or expected to be used for decisions about credit, employment, insurance, housing, and similar eligibility determinations; it generally does not cover the sale of consumer data for marketing and other purposes. While the Commission has vigorously enforced the FCRA,1 since the late 1990s it has also been active in examining the practices of data brokers that fall outside the FCRA.
[Washington, District of Columbia] : [U.S. Government Printing Office],  [Washington, District of Columbia] : [For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office], [date of distribution not identified]
Book — xxviii, 683 pages ; 28 cm.
Appendix 1: Terms of reference
Appendix 2: CIA detainees from 2002-2008
Appendix 3: Example of inaccurate CIA testimony to the Committee, April 12, 2007.
[Washington, D.C.] : Congress of the United States, Congressional Budget Office, 
Book — 1 online resource ([iii], 21 pages) : illustrations
How Much Funding Did the Administration Request for Nuclear Forces in 2014?
What Will the Administration's Plans for Nuclear Forces Cost Over the Next Decade?
What Are the Most Significant Sources of Uncertainty in CBO's Estimates?
Costs of Nuclear Forces
Strategic Nuclear Forces
Tactical Nuclear Forces
Nuclear Weapons Laboratories
Nuclear Command, Control, Communications, and Early-Warning Systems
Basis of CBO's Estimates
How CBO's Approach Compares With Other Approaches
Uncertainty in CBO's Estimates
About This Document.
"In its most recent review of U.S. nuclear policy, the Administration resolved to maintain all three types of systems that can deliver nuclear weapons over long ranges--submarines that launch ballistic missiles (SSBNs), land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), and long-range bombers--known collectively as the strategic nuclear triad. The Administration also resolved to preserve the ability to deploy U.S. tactical nuclear weapons carried by fighter aircraft overseas in support of allies. Nearly all of those delivery systems and the nuclear weapons they carry are nearing the end of their planned operational lives and will need to be modernized or replaced by new systems over the next two decades. In addition, the Administration's review called for more investment to restore and modernize the national laboratories and the complex of supporting facilities that maintain the nation's stockpile of nuclear weapons. The costs of those modernization activities will add significantly to the overall cost of the nation's nuclear forces, which also includes the cost of operating and maintaining the current forces. As directed by the Congress in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112 239), CBO has estimated the costs over the next 10 years of the Administration's plans for operating, maintaining, and modernizing nuclear weapons and the military systems capable of delivering those weapons. CBO's estimates should not be used directly to calculate the savings that might be realized if those forces were reduced: Because the nuclear enterprise has large fixed costs for infrastructure and other factors, a partial reduction in the size of any segment of those forces would be likely to result in savings that were proportionally smaller than the relative reduction in force."--Page .
Conclusions Of The Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission
Part 1: Crisis On The Horizon
1: Before our very eyes
Part 2: Setting The Stage
2: Shadow banking
3: Securitization and derivatives
4: Deregulation redux
5: Subprime lending
Part 3: Boom And Bust
6: Credit expansion
7: Mortgage machine
8: CDO machine
9: All in
Part 4: Unraveling
2007: Spreading subprime worries
2007: Disruptions in funding
2007 to early
2008: Billions in subprime losses
2008: Fall of Bear Stearns
16: March to August
2008: Systemic risk concerns
2008: Takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
2008: Bankruptcy of Lehman
2008: Bailout of AIG
20: Crisis and panic
Part 5: Aftershocks
21: Economic fallout
22: Foreclosure crisis
By Keith Hennessey, Douglas Holtz-Eakin, and Bill Thomas
By Peter J Wallison
Appendix A: Glossary
Appendix B: List of hearings and witnesses.
From the Publisher: In the wake of the most significant financial crisis since the Great Depression, the President signed into law on May 20, 2009, the Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009, creating the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission. The Commission was established to "examine the causes, domestic and global, of the current financial and economic crisis in the United States." The 10 members of the bi-partisan Commission, prominent private citizens with significant experience in banking, market regulation, taxation, finance, economics, housing, and consumer protection, were appointed by Congress on July 15, 2009. The Chair, Phil Angelides, and Vice Chair, Bill Thomas, were selected jointly by the House and Senate Majority and Minority Leadership. The FCIC is charged with conducting a comprehensive examination of 22 specific and substantive areas of inquiry related to the financial crisis. These include: fraud and abuse in the financial sector, including fraud and abuse towards consumers in the mortgage sector; Federal and State financial regulators, including the extent to which they enforced, or failed to enforce statutory, regulatory, or supervisory requirements; the global imbalance of savings, international capital flows, and fiscal imbalances of various governments; monetary policy and the availability and terms of credit; accounting practices, including, mark-to-market and fair value rules, and treatment of off-balance sheet vehicles; tax treatment of financial products and investments; capital requirements and regulations on leverage and liquidity, including the capital structures of regulated and non-regulated financial entities; credit rating agencies in the financial system, including, reliance on credit ratings by financial institutions and Federal financial regulators, the use of credit ratings in financial regulation, and the use of credit ratings in the securitization markets; lending practices and securitization, including the originate-to-distribute model for extending credit and transferring risk; affiliations between insured depository institutions and securities, insurance, and other types of nonbanking companies; the concept that certain institutions are 'too-big-to-fail' and its impact on market expectations; corporate governance, including the impact of company conversions from partnerships to corporations; compensation structures; changes in compensation for employees of financial companies, as compared to compensation for others with similar skill sets in the labor market; the legal and regulatory structure of the United States housing market; derivatives and unregulated financial products and practices, including credit default swaps; short-selling; financial institution reliance on numerical models, including risk models and credit ratings; the legal and regulatory structure governing financial institutions, including the extent to which the structure creates the opportunity for financial institutions to engage in regulatory arbitrage; the legal and regulatory structure governing investor and mortgagor protection; financial institutions and government-sponsored enterprises; and the quality of due diligence undertaken by financial institutions. The Commission is called upon to examine the causes of major financial institutions which failed, or were likely to have failed, had they not received exceptional government assistance. In its work, the Commission is authorized to hold hearings; issue subpoenas either for witness testimony or documents; and refer to the Attorney General or the appropriate state Attorney General any person who may have violated U.S. law in relation to the financial crisis.
[Washington, DC] : Executive Office of the President, President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, 
Book — 1 online resource (xxii, 119 p.) : ill. (some col.)
The Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program is the primary mechanism by which the Federal government coordinates its unclassified networking and information technology (NIT) research and development (R & D) investments. Fourteen Federal agencies, including all of the large science and technology agencies, are formal members of the NITRD Program, with many other Federal entities participating in NITRD activities. The program helps ensure that the Nation effectively leverages its strengths, avoids duplication, and increases interoperability in such critical areas as supercomputing, high-speed networking, cybersecurity, software engineering, and information management. PCAST finds that NITRD is well coordinated and that the U.S. computing research community, coupled with a vibrant NIT industry, has made seminal discoveries and advanced new technologies that are helping to meet many societal challenges. Importantly, however, PCAST also finds that a substantial fraction of the NITRD multi-agency spending summary represents spending that supports R & D in other fields, rather than spending on R & D in the field of NIT itself. As a result, the Nation is actually investing far less in NIT R & D than the $4 billion-plus indicated in the Federal budget. To achieve America's priorities and advance key research frontiers to support economic competitiveness in NIT, this report calls for a more accurate accounting of this national investment and recommends additional investments in NIT R & D, including research in networking and information technology for health, energy and transportation, and cyber-infrastructure, among others. NIT has yielded enormous benefits for the Nation's economic competitiveness, national security, and quality of life. To maintain America's leadership in NIT in an ever more competitive global environment, the Federal Government must be bold in its investments, including funding of high risk/high reward research with the potential to move this essential field in unanticipated directions. PCAST believes that execution of the recommendations in this report will enable us to address critical priorities and challenges in the years ahead.
[Washington, D.C.] : Executive Office of the President, 
Book — 1 online resource (14 p.)
The National Space Policy expresses the President's direction for the nation's space activities. The policy articulates the President's commitment to reinvigorating U.S. leadership in space for the purposes of maintaining space as a stable and productive environment for the peaceful use of all nations.
"This report summarizes the results of an unprecedented nationwide assessment of human effects on fish habitat in the rivers and estuaries of the United States. The assessment assigns watersheds and estuaries a risk of current habitat degradation ranging from very low to very high. These results allow comparison of aquatic habitats across the nation and within 14 sub-regions. The results also identify some of the major sources of habitat degradation. Unfortunately, not all sources of habitat degradation could be assessed, so some important factors such as small dams and abandoned mines could not be incorporated. Marine waters, lakes, and reservoirs were not assessed due to resource and data constraints, so previously published information was used to describe the condition of these fish habitats. Future revisions to the assessment will incorporate the missing data to the extent it is available"--Executive summary.
Newport, Rhode Island : Naval War College Press, 2010. Washington, District of Columbia : For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, United States Government Printing Office, [date of distribution not identified]
Book — 1 online resource (421 pages) : illustrations, maps.
A Note on Usage ;
Part 1: To Train the Fleet. Background and Purpose
The Fleet, 1922-1941
Part 2: Fleet Problem I, February 18-22,
Fleet Problem II, Fleet Problem III/Grand Joint Army-Navy Exercise No. 2, and Fleet Problem IV, January 2-February 1,
Fleet Problem V/Grand Joint Army-Navy Exercise No. 3, February 23-April
Fleet Problem VI, February 11-13,
Fleet Problem VII, March 1-14,
Fleet Problem VIII, April 18-28,
Fleet Problem IX, January 23-27,
Fleet Problem X, March 10-15,
Fleet Problem XI, April 14-18,
Fleet Problem XII, April 4-18,
Fleet Problem XII, February-March
Grand Joint Army-Navy Exercise No. 4/Fleet Problem XIII, January 31-March 18,
Fleet Problem XIV, February 10-17,
Fleet Problem XV, April 19-May 12,
Fleet Problem XVI, April
Fleet Problem XVII, April 29-June 10,
Fleet Problem XVII, April 27-June 7,
Fleet Problem XVIII, April 16-May 28,
Fleet Problem XIX, March 9-April 30,
Fleet Problem XX, February 20-27,
Fleet Problem XXI, April 1-May 17,
Fleet Problem XXII,
Part 3: Conclusions
Some Enduring Lessons of the Fleet Problems
The Fleet Problems and the Future of the Navy
References and Bibliography
About the Author
Titles in the Series.
"In this book, which is based especially on the Naval War College archives, Dr. Nofi, an American military historian, examines in detail each of the U.S. Navy's twenty-one 'fleet problems', at-sea exercises conducted between World Wars I and II, elucidating the patterns that emerged, finding a range of enduring lessons, and suggesting their applicability for future naval warfare."--Publisher's description.
Houston, Tex. : National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, 2008.
Book —  p. : digital, PDF file.
"NASA commissioned the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) to conduct a thorough review of both the technical and the organizational causes of the loss of the Space Shuttle Columbia and her crew on February 1, 2003. The accident investigation that followed determined that a large piece of insulating foam from Columbia's external tank (ET) had come off during ascent and struck the leading edge of the left wing, causing critical damage. The damage was undetected during the mission. The CAIB’s findings and recommendations were published in 2003 and are available on the web at http://caib.nasa.gov/. NASA responded to the CAIB findings and recommendations with the Space Shuttle Return to Flight Implementation Plan.1 Significant enhancements were made to NASA's organizational structure, technical rigor, and understanding of the flight environment. The ET was redesigned to reduce foam shedding and eliminate critical debris. In 2005, NASA succeeded in returning the space shuttle to flight. In 2010, the space shuttle will complete its mission of assembling the International Space Station and will be retired to make way for the next generation of human space flight vehicles: the Constellation Program. The Space Shuttle Program recognized the importance of capturing the lessons learned from the loss of Columbia and her crew to benefit future human exploration, particularly future vehicle design. The program commissioned the Spacecraft Crew Survival Integrated Investigation Team (SCSIIT). The SCSIIT was asked to perform a comprehensive analysis of the accident, focusing on factors and events affecting crew survival, and to develop recommendations for improving crew survival for all future human space flight vehicles. To do this, the SCSIIT investigated all elements of crew survival, including the design features, equipment, training, and procedures intended to protect the crew. This report documents the SCSIIT findings, conclusions, and recommendations."--PDF Executive summary.