[Redacted version]. - Washington, D.C. : U.S. Department of Justice, 2019.
Book — 1 online resource (2 volumes in 1 (approximately 448 pages)) : color illustrations
On May 17, 2017, Robert S. Mueller III was appointed by acting Attorney General Rod J. Rosenstein to serve as Special Counsel by Order 3915-2017. The Special Counsel investigation of 2017 to 2019, also referred to as the Mueller probe, Mueller investigation and Russia investigation, was a United States counterintelligence investigation of the Russian government's efforts to interfere in the 2016 presidential election. According to its authorizing document, the investigation's scope included allegations that there were links or coordination between Donald Trump's presidential campaign and the Russian government as well as "any matters that arose or may arise directly from the investigation." It included a criminal investigation which looked into potential obstruction of justice charges against Trump and others within the campaign and administration. Conducted by the Department of Justice Special Counsel's Office headed by Robert Mueller, a Republican and former Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Special Counsel investigation began eight days after President Trump dismissed FBI director James Comey, who had been leading existing FBI investigations since July 2016 into links between Trump associates and Russian officials.
Kodiak, AK : Kodiak Laboratory, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2018.
Book — 1 online resource (viii, 233 pages) : color illustrations, maps (some color).
"The eastern Bering Sea bottom trawl survey has been conducted annually since 1975 by the Resource Assessment and Conservation Engineering Division of the Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service. The purpose of this survey is to collect data on the distribution and abundance of crab, groundfish, and other benthic resources in the eastern Bering Sea. These data are used to estimate population abundances for the management of commercially important species in the region. This document includes the time series of results from 1975 to the present. In 2017, 395 total stations (375 standard stations and 20 resampled stations in Bristol Bay) were sampled on the eastern Bering Sea shelf from 4 June to 15 August. In early June, colder bottom temperatures extended into Bristol Bay creating the need to resample 20 stations due to delaying effects of cold water temperature on red king crab reproductive cycle. There was an overall decrease in biomass and abundance in male red king and blue king crab and female red king crab. There was an overall increase in immature female blue king crab and a decrease in mature female biomass and abundance, with no mature female blue king crab being caught in the St. Matthew Island Section. There were overall increases in immature and legal male and immature and mature female biomass and abundance in Chionoecetes bairdi and C. opilio crab, and a decrease in mature male biomass and abundance in Chionoecetes bairdi and C. opilio crab. In addition to the standard eastern Bering Sea survey, in 2017, following the conclusion of the standard survey, 145 stations were sampled in the northern Bering Sea region, encompassing the region south of Bering Strait and including Norton Sound. These stations were sampled between 1 August and 2 September. We report the results of this survey separately from the eastern Bering Sea survey, within the northern Bering Sea section of this report. Blue king crabs occurred largely in the region north of St. Lawrence Isand, in greater densities than were observed for the St. Matthew and Pribilof stocks. Red king crab occurred primarily in Norton Sound, at densities roughly intermediate between those generally observed in the Bristol Bay and Pribilof Districts. Chionoecetes opilio dominated the catch, with the highest densities observed during the 2017 Bering Sea survey occurring to the south of St. Lawrence. Immature male and female opilio were predominate, although mature females were observed, primarily along the western edge of the survey grid, and in the north, near Bering Strait. Morphometrically mature (“large-clawed”) male C. opilio were scattered throughout the survey region, but most prevalent within catch near Bering Strait."--Publisher's website.
Seattle, WA : U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, 2018.
Book — 1 online resource (vi, 370 pages) : color illustrations, color maps.
"Defining essential habitats for fishes and invertebrates is an important step in managing groundfish species in Alaska waters. Species distribution models have been widely used to describe the potential habitat of species found in marine and terrestrial systems. The models themselves can take a number of forms, from relatively simple frameworks such as generalized linear or additive models to complex modeling frameworks such as Maximum Entropy Modeling (MaxEnt). We used several modeling methods and data from scientific surveys and commercial fisheries to define essential habitats for 36 species from the Gulf of Alaska. Adult, juvenile, larval and egg stages were seasonally modeled where data were available. Bottom depth was the dominant variable determining the distribution of most adult and juvenile life history stages. Sea surface temperature was the most important predictor of ichthyoplankton distribution. The model results were used to develop maps that depicted the boundaries delineating essential fish habitat for each species and life stage. These maps will be used for marine spatial planning and assessing impacts of anthropogenic activities in Alaska’s marine environment."--Publisher's website.
[Silver Spring, Md.] : U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, 2018.
Book — 1 online resource (19 pages) : color illustrations, color map
"This summary will provide an update on NOAA-AFSC's latest research on seal-vessel interactions jointly conducted with the National Park Service. This research builds on studies since 2002 on ice-associated harbor seals in Disenchantment Bay which have focused on proximate effects such as when, where, and at what distances vessels were causing disturbance. By employing GPS satellite tracking (for both seals and ships), we aim to address broader population-level effects, and in particular to better understand how vessels entering glacial ice habitats may approach and alter the haul-out behavior of nursing pups, thus potentially increasing their energetic costs of thermoregulation in the water. There is concern that chronic disturbances could reduce body mass of pups at weaning and survival, and ultimately impact population stability"--Page 5.
Revised July 2017. - [Washington, D.C.] : National Criminal Justice Reference Service, Office of Justice Programs, 
Book — 1 online resource (87 pages) : color illustrations
"The purpose of this research is threefold:1) to examine the extent to which human trafficking in the United States is perpetrated by organized criminal groups; 2) to better understand the groups, individuals, and operations of the organized crime, and operations of the organized crime groups engaged in human trafficking; and 3) to make available the full corpus of federally prosecuted human trafficking cases in a dynamic, open-source, searchable online database at HumanTraffickingData.org."--PDF Executive summary.
[Washington, D.C.] : United States Government Accountability Office, 2017.
Book — 1 online resource (ii, 40 pages) : color illustration, color maps
Over the last decade, extreme weather and fire events have cost the federal government over $350 billion, according to the Office of Management and Budget. These costs will likely rise as the climate changes, according to the U.S. Global Change Research Program. In February 2013, GAO included Limiting the Federal Government’s Fiscal Exposure by Better Managing Climate Change Risks on its High-Risk List. GAO was asked to review the potential economic effects of climate change and risks to the federal government. This report examines (1) methods used to estimate the potential economic effects of climate change in the United States, (2) what is known about these effects, and (3) the extent to which information about these effects could inform efforts to manage climate risks across the federal government. GAO reviewed 2 national-scale studies available and 28 other studies; interviewed 26 experts knowledgeable about the strengths and limitations of the studies; compared federal efforts to manage climate risks with leading practices for risk management and economic analysis; and obtained expert views.
"Bloodstain pattern analysis is a technique used in crime-scene reconstruction to determine the point of origin of a blood droplet as well as the method of its creation, e.g., dripping, wiping, or low-to-high-speed impact caused by anything from blunt trauma to cast-off to gunshot wounds. The primary problem of interest in this analysis is to determine of the initial size, speed, and impact angle of a blood droplet that has struck a solid surface through an examination of the bloodstain pattern left on the surface. This research project addressed this problem using a detailed fluid dynamical study of the impact and spreading of a liquid droplet on planar surfaces of variable roughness, wettability, and absorbency oriented at various angles with respect to the velocity vector of the approaching droplet. In particular, this research used a coordinated program of laboratory experiments and numerical simulations to examine the influence of the many parameters associated with such droplet impacts. Given its importance to crime-scene reconstruction, the focus of this work is on how to use the shape of the final stain to determine the initial conditions of droplet impact."--Abstract.
[Washington, D.C.?] : National Criminal Justice Reference Service, Office of Justice Programs, 2017.
Book — 1 online resource (20 pages) Digital: text file.PDF.
Injury evidence and biological evidence gained from forensic medical examinations of victims can provide evidence about the crime as well as the means of linking a suspect to the crime. Evidence from a forensic medical examination can include genital and non-genital injuries, biological evidence (including sperm or semen, blood, and amylase, an enzyme of saliva), and a DNA profile that can often be derived from the biological evidence. This DNA can be matched to a potential suspect, matched to another investigation in the FBI’s Combined DNA Index System (CODIS), or matched to a convicted offender in CODIS. Injury evidence can be used to establish a victim’s lack of consent and could lead to physical assault charges. This project explored the use and impact of injury evidence and biological evidence through a study of the role of these forms of evidence in prosecuting sexual assault in an urban district attorney’s office in a metropolitan area in the eastern United States.
"Scale modeling can allow fire investigators to replicate specific fire dynamics at a dramatically reduced cost. A gas burner, liquid pool, wood crib, and polyurethane foam block are used to represent the wide range of fuels that investigators encounter. These fuels are classified into two groups: the burner and liquid pool that reach a semi-immediate steady state (static fires) and the crib and foam that have a fire spread and growth period (dynamic fires). This research examines the proposed scaling method for the static fires. The enclosure consists of a large corridor that provides an interesting challenge due to the presence of partitions at the ceiling. The design fires and the model enclosure are designed based on Froude scaling derived from conservation equations. The eight various sized fires demonstrate acceptable scaling results in the prediction of flame height and temperature at various elevations in the enclosure."--PDF table of contents page.
In 1998, the National Research Council issued a report “Black and Smokeless Powders: Technologies for Finding Bombs and the Bomb Makers”.  The NRC report recommended that a comprehensive national powder database be developed, containing information about the physical characteristics and chemical composition of commercially available black and smokeless powders. An agency-independent effort to develop a smokeless powders database did not emerge until 2009, when the National Center for Forensic Science (NCFS) in collaboration with the Scientific Working Group for Fire and Explosions (SWGFEX) began work on an internet-accessible database of analytical information on smokeless powders (http://www.ilrc.ucf.edu/powders/). The database opened in early 2011 with 100 entries of legacy powders, provided by Mr. Ronald Kelly (FBI-retired). Under this research grant: (1) records for an additional 600 powders were entered into the database, (2) 100 new powders were analyzed and their records entered into the database, (3) reference collections of the 100 smokeless powders were provided, free of charge, to 50 forensic laboratories that conduct smokeless powder exams and, (4) the data corresponding to the legacy and new records were utilized in research to establish evidentiary and investigative value associated with matching records returned from a search of the Smokeless Powders Database.
[Washington, D.C.] : Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice ; Richmond, Va. : National White Collar Crime Center
Book — 1 online resource (2 volumes).
"Examines how all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and five U.S. territories handled regulatory functions in four offense categories: banking and finance, environmental, worker safety, and Medicaid fraud. Volume I provides a series of tables of statutes authorizing regulatory enforcement options and compares each under the administrative, civil, and criminal categories of enforcement. Volume II describes the purpose of the statutes and enforcement options authorized by the statutes. Both reports reflect relevant statutes as of October 2016. Findings were based on an online review of state laws, as part of the 2014 State and Local White Collar Crime Program."--Publisher's home page.
[Washington, D.C.] : Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2017.
Book — 1 online resource (12 pages) : color illustrations
Under the Brady Act,, being an unlawful user of or addicted to a controlled substance prohibits a person from receiving firearms. The National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) Improvement Amendments Act (NIAA) of 2007 defines “unlawful drug use” records as those that identify a person unlawfully using or addicted to a controlled substance, as demonstrated by specified arrests, convictions, and adjudications that are not protected from disclosure to the Attorney General by Federal or State law. There are several challenges in making illegal-drug-use records available for NICS checks. The lack of centralized records management systems for law enforcement agencies makes it difficult to report drug arrests and obtain lab reports that may not be obtained for weeks or months after an arrest. Drug courts often misunderstand which records are reportable to the NICS index or may be reluctant to report illegal drug use as a violation in a person’s terms of supervision. Other impediments to creating comprehensive and accurate data on persons who have unlawfully used drugs are also discussed; however, the increased awareness of the need to develop and report drug use records to NCIC has led to some progress. The promising practices identified in this bulletin can provide guidelines for States in improving their collection and submission of data on persons who have unlawfully used drugs, thus disqualifying them from receiving a firearm. Personnel training and automation of data management are critical in this effort.
""For our statutory report this year, the Commission has examined whether the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is complying with its environmental justice obligations. Specifically, the Commission has reviewed EPA's compliance with Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, the Executive Order on Environmental Justice and EPA's use of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (which governs solid waste disposal and is also known as the Solid Waste Disposal Act) as an environmental justice tool to regulate the disposal of coal ash. The Commission chose to build off its prior evaluation of EPA's Title VI program and implementation of the Executive Order. At the same time, the Commission expanded the scope of review to include EPA's regulation of coal ash, because it represents an attempt by EPA to implement environmental justice principles as part of exercising its traditional statutory authorities. In the late 1980's, advocacy by a number of community groups as well as the publication of several studies, drew attention to the issue of disproportionate exposure of minority and low income communities to sources of pollution. Various labels were attached to this concept: "environmental equity." "environmental racism." and 'environmental justice." The latter term has been adopted by EPA and also used in a Presidential Executive Order in 1994. Executive Order 12,898 requires federal agencies to collect data on the health and environmental impact of their activities on communities of color and low income populations, and develop policies incorporating the principles of environmental justice into their mission."--PDF Executive summary.
[Washington, D.C.] : US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), Gulf of Mexico OCS Region, 2016.
Book — 1 online resource (various pagings) : color illustrations
The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) requires Worst Case Discharge (WCD) calculations for all wells planned to be drilled in the Gulf of Mexico. During drilling activities, diameters larger than 10 inches are present in many portions of the well configuration. Wellbore configuration for wells drilled in deepwater in the Gulf of Mexico often includes deeper wells (more than 10,000 ft deep) with open-hole sections of diameter larger than onshore or shallow water wells. As part of the WCD calculations, multiphase flow models have been used to predict pressure and temperature changes in these wellbores. The accuracy of these models is still questionable, however, particularly for pipe diameters larger than 5 inches. Furthermore, comparisons between such models and experimental data are rare in the open literature for WCD scenarios. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of models commonly used in WCD calculations.
Salem, Oregon : United States Department of Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Salem District, 2016.
Book — vi, 189 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 28 cm + 1 computer disc (4 3/4 in.)
This Bureau of Land Management publication provides species-specific information on 78 special status lichen species included in the 2016 publication of Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species of Oregon by the Oregon Biodiversity Information Center (ORBIC). Additionally, Leptogium compactum is included and considered rare in Oregon. Individual treatments include synonyms, common names, field summaries, diagnostic characters, species descriptions, ecologies, distributions, similar species, and county distribution maps. Also included are species distribution maps by Oregon counties and over 290 photos and drawings. This publication in available from the Salem Bureau of Land Management, located in Salem, Oregon, USA.
The amount and variety of evidence collected at a typical crime scene is extensive. While many significant analytical methods have been established over the years, particularly hyphenated mass spectrometric techniques, forensic laboratories cannot keep up with the demand, and in many cases, significant backlogs of evidence have amassed. While this points to a need for more rapid, streamlined technologies for forensic analysis, a significant reduction in collected evidence, leading to a subsequent reduction in backlogged evidence, would come from the ability to access the probative value of chemical evidence at the crime scene itself, allowing only pertinent samples to be sent to off-site laboratories for confirmation. Screening of physical evidence at the crime scene also has the capability to rapidly determine whether a criminal investigation is needed and provide law enforcement personnel with necessary information in a timely manner, which in many cases is crucial. To assist in the reduction of collected samples while increasing the overall quality of said evidence, it would beneficial for forensic science practitioners to have technology at their disposal that is not only portable, allowing the screening of potential evidence before collection, but also flexible in terms of chemical species and sample substrates that can be analyzed. This flexibility, in particular, would allow this technology to be robust towards the ingenuity of criminals and emerging threats.
[Washington, D.C.] : Federal Trade Commission, 2014.
Book — 1 online resource ( pages) : color illustrations
In this report, the Federal Trade Commission discusses the results of an in-depth study of nine data brokers. These data brokers collect personal information about consumers from a wide range of sources and provide it for a variety of purposes, including verifying an individual’s identity, marketing products, and detecting fraud. Because these companies generally never interact with consumers, consumers are often unaware of their existence, much less the variety of practices in which they engage. By reporting on the data collection and use practices of these nine data brokers, which represent a cross-section of the industry, this report attempts to shed light on the data broker industry and its practices. For decades, policymakers have expressed concerns about the lack of transparency of companies that buy and sell consumer data without direct consumer interaction. Indeed, the lack of transparency among companies providing consumer data for credit and other eligibility determinations led to the adoption of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”), a statute the Commission has enforced since its enactment in 1970. The FCRA covers the provision of consumer data by consumer reporting agencies where it is used or expected to be used for decisions about credit, employment, insurance, housing, and similar eligibility determinations; it generally does not cover the sale of consumer data for marketing and other purposes. While the Commission has vigorously enforced the FCRA,1 since the late 1990s it has also been active in examining the practices of data brokers that fall outside the FCRA.
[Washington, District of Columbia] : [U.S. Government Printing Office],  [Washington, District of Columbia] : [For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office], [date of distribution not identified]
Book — xxviii, 683 pages ; 28 cm.
Appendix 1: Terms of reference
Appendix 2: CIA detainees from 2002-2008
Appendix 3: Example of inaccurate CIA testimony to the Committee, April 12, 2007.
The purpose of this basic-science research project was to expand on successfully completed proof-of-concept experiments by, first, determining the scientific basis of and the application of columnar thin films (CTFs) to capture friction ridge, detail found in latent fingerprints on nonporous forensically relevant textured substrates and then to compare CTF development of fingerprints with commonly employed fingerprint development techniques used for that purpose.
The Border 2020 Program is the latest environmental program implemented under the 1983 La Paz Agreement. It builds on the Border 2012 Environmental Program, emphasizing regional, bottom-up approaches for decision making, priority setting, and project implementation to address the environmental and public health problems in the border region. As in Border 2012, the new Program encourages meaningful participation from communities and local stakeholders.The Border 2020 Program also strengthens its focus in regional areas where environmental improvements are needed most: establishing thematic goals, supporting the implementation of projects, considering new fundamental strategies, and encouraging the achievement of more ambitious environmental and public health goals.
Anchorage, Alaska : U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, 2013.
Book — 1 online resource (vi, 103 pages) : maps (some color). Digital: text file.PDF.
Section 810 summary
Mitigation and monitoring
Appendix A: Modifications and clarifications
Appendix B: Stipulations and required operating procedures
Appendix C: Final endangered and threatened species documentation.
This document finalizes the Bureau of Land Management's plan for managing 8.8 million acres of public land in the Northwest portion of the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska. The decision by Secretary of the Interior Gale Norton as documented slightly modifies the BLM's preferred management alternative, which the Bureau described in a final Environmental Impact Statement on the management plan.
[Washington, D.C.] : Congress of the United States, Congressional Budget Office, 
Book — 1 online resource ([iii], 21 pages) : illustrations
How Much Funding Did the Administration Request for Nuclear Forces in 2014?
What Will the Administration's Plans for Nuclear Forces Cost Over the Next Decade?
What Are the Most Significant Sources of Uncertainty in CBO's Estimates?
Costs of Nuclear Forces
Strategic Nuclear Forces
Tactical Nuclear Forces
Nuclear Weapons Laboratories
Nuclear Command, Control, Communications, and Early-Warning Systems
Basis of CBO's Estimates
How CBO's Approach Compares With Other Approaches
Uncertainty in CBO's Estimates
About This Document.
"In its most recent review of U.S. nuclear policy, the Administration resolved to maintain all three types of systems that can deliver nuclear weapons over long ranges--submarines that launch ballistic missiles (SSBNs), land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), and long-range bombers--known collectively as the strategic nuclear triad. The Administration also resolved to preserve the ability to deploy U.S. tactical nuclear weapons carried by fighter aircraft overseas in support of allies. Nearly all of those delivery systems and the nuclear weapons they carry are nearing the end of their planned operational lives and will need to be modernized or replaced by new systems over the next two decades. In addition, the Administration's review called for more investment to restore and modernize the national laboratories and the complex of supporting facilities that maintain the nation's stockpile of nuclear weapons. The costs of those modernization activities will add significantly to the overall cost of the nation's nuclear forces, which also includes the cost of operating and maintaining the current forces. As directed by the Congress in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112 239), CBO has estimated the costs over the next 10 years of the Administration's plans for operating, maintaining, and modernizing nuclear weapons and the military systems capable of delivering those weapons. CBO's estimates should not be used directly to calculate the savings that might be realized if those forces were reduced: Because the nuclear enterprise has large fixed costs for infrastructure and other factors, a partial reduction in the size of any segment of those forces would be likely to result in savings that were proportionally smaller than the relative reduction in force."--Page .
Herndon, VA : U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement, 2011.
Book — 1 online resource ( pages) : illustrations
Planned wind projects on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf could consist of wind turbine generators connected to a centralized electrical service platform (ESP). The ESP could contain approximately 40,000 gallons of dielectric insulating oil and approximately 2,000 gallons of assorted oil-based fluids (diesel fuel, lubricating oils, etc.) stored on site for facility maintenance. In addition, each wind turbines could have several hundred gallons of lubricating fluid. The dielectric insulating fluid used in the ESP is typically a mineral oil, but vegetable based oils (soybean oil) may also be used. Several concerns have been raised by regulatory agency and environmental conservancy groups as to the environmental effects of a possible oil spill due to accidental vessel collision or natural catastrophe. The two main concerns addressed were probability of oiling and the minimum transit time of the oil to area and resources at risk. Numerous toxicological studies have been performed on mineral and vegetable-based oils over the last decade. Mineral and vegetable-based oils display low direct toxicity because they do not contain the water soluble and multi-ringed poly-nuclear aromatic hydrocarbons typically found in petroleum-based oils. Due to their low toxicity and usage, little research has been performed on the response options available to cleanup a spill of dielectric fluids on the marine environment. In the unlikely event of a spill, how would the dielectric insulating oil be removed from our oceans and shorelines? How persistent are these oils in the marine environment? To provide a comprehensive analysis of the possible fate and effects of spilled dielectric insulating oil, LSU and BOEMRE will conduct a collaborative one (1) year project to provide a detailed literature review and scientific information on the characteristics, weathering behavior, and window of opportunity for using short-term response options for removal of spilled dielectric fluids in the marine environment. The goals of this project will be achieved through a series of laboratory and field-scale studies conducted at research facilities in Baton Rouge, Louisiana (LSU) and Leonardo, New Jersey (Ohmsett). The results from this project will have a direct effect on the spill response policies and decision-making of federal and state agencies when dealing with accidental releases of dielectric insulating fluids in the marine environment. Results from this study will aide planning and management personnel when designing coastal use permits for future offshore wind generation systems. Objectives: The goals of this one (1) year scientific project are to provide detailed literature review and produce valid data and results on the characteristics, weathering behavior, and window of opportunity for using short-term response options for removal of spilled dielectric fluids in the marine environment. The goals of the proposed project will be achieved through a series of six (6) tasks: An intensive literature review of US and European sources A series of laboratory flask studies to determine weathering characteristic, product dispersibility, and accurate analytical methodology ; A field study to accurately determine applicability of in-situ burning as a response tool ; A laboratory flask study to measure the affects of long-term weathering and biodegradation on dielectric insulating fluid in the marine environment ; A series of field studies to accurately determine capabilities/limitations of conventional response tools for removal of dielectric fluids from the marine environment ; Preparation and submittal of a final draft and report to BOEMRE All tasks, except task No. 5, will be performed at LSU in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Task No. 5 will be completed at the Ohmsett facility in Leonardo, New Jersey.
Conclusions Of The Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission
Part 1: Crisis On The Horizon
1: Before our very eyes
Part 2: Setting The Stage
2: Shadow banking
3: Securitization and derivatives
4: Deregulation redux
5: Subprime lending
Part 3: Boom And Bust
6: Credit expansion
7: Mortgage machine
8: CDO machine
9: All in
Part 4: Unraveling
2007: Spreading subprime worries
2007: Disruptions in funding
2007 to early
2008: Billions in subprime losses
2008: Fall of Bear Stearns
16: March to August
2008: Systemic risk concerns
2008: Takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
2008: Bankruptcy of Lehman
2008: Bailout of AIG
20: Crisis and panic
Part 5: Aftershocks
21: Economic fallout
22: Foreclosure crisis
By Keith Hennessey, Douglas Holtz-Eakin, and Bill Thomas
By Peter J Wallison
Appendix A: Glossary
Appendix B: List of hearings and witnesses.
From the Publisher: In the wake of the most significant financial crisis since the Great Depression, the President signed into law on May 20, 2009, the Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009, creating the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission. The Commission was established to "examine the causes, domestic and global, of the current financial and economic crisis in the United States." The 10 members of the bi-partisan Commission, prominent private citizens with significant experience in banking, market regulation, taxation, finance, economics, housing, and consumer protection, were appointed by Congress on July 15, 2009. The Chair, Phil Angelides, and Vice Chair, Bill Thomas, were selected jointly by the House and Senate Majority and Minority Leadership. The FCIC is charged with conducting a comprehensive examination of 22 specific and substantive areas of inquiry related to the financial crisis. These include: fraud and abuse in the financial sector, including fraud and abuse towards consumers in the mortgage sector; Federal and State financial regulators, including the extent to which they enforced, or failed to enforce statutory, regulatory, or supervisory requirements; the global imbalance of savings, international capital flows, and fiscal imbalances of various governments; monetary policy and the availability and terms of credit; accounting practices, including, mark-to-market and fair value rules, and treatment of off-balance sheet vehicles; tax treatment of financial products and investments; capital requirements and regulations on leverage and liquidity, including the capital structures of regulated and non-regulated financial entities; credit rating agencies in the financial system, including, reliance on credit ratings by financial institutions and Federal financial regulators, the use of credit ratings in financial regulation, and the use of credit ratings in the securitization markets; lending practices and securitization, including the originate-to-distribute model for extending credit and transferring risk; affiliations between insured depository institutions and securities, insurance, and other types of nonbanking companies; the concept that certain institutions are 'too-big-to-fail' and its impact on market expectations; corporate governance, including the impact of company conversions from partnerships to corporations; compensation structures; changes in compensation for employees of financial companies, as compared to compensation for others with similar skill sets in the labor market; the legal and regulatory structure of the United States housing market; derivatives and unregulated financial products and practices, including credit default swaps; short-selling; financial institution reliance on numerical models, including risk models and credit ratings; the legal and regulatory structure governing financial institutions, including the extent to which the structure creates the opportunity for financial institutions to engage in regulatory arbitrage; the legal and regulatory structure governing investor and mortgagor protection; financial institutions and government-sponsored enterprises; and the quality of due diligence undertaken by financial institutions. The Commission is called upon to examine the causes of major financial institutions which failed, or were likely to have failed, had they not received exceptional government assistance. In its work, the Commission is authorized to hold hearings; issue subpoenas either for witness testimony or documents; and refer to the Attorney General or the appropriate state Attorney General any person who may have violated U.S. law in relation to the financial crisis.
[Washington, DC] : Executive Office of the President, President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, 
Book — 1 online resource (xxii, 119 p.) : ill. (some col.)
The Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program is the primary mechanism by which the Federal government coordinates its unclassified networking and information technology (NIT) research and development (R & D) investments. Fourteen Federal agencies, including all of the large science and technology agencies, are formal members of the NITRD Program, with many other Federal entities participating in NITRD activities. The program helps ensure that the Nation effectively leverages its strengths, avoids duplication, and increases interoperability in such critical areas as supercomputing, high-speed networking, cybersecurity, software engineering, and information management. PCAST finds that NITRD is well coordinated and that the U.S. computing research community, coupled with a vibrant NIT industry, has made seminal discoveries and advanced new technologies that are helping to meet many societal challenges. Importantly, however, PCAST also finds that a substantial fraction of the NITRD multi-agency spending summary represents spending that supports R & D in other fields, rather than spending on R & D in the field of NIT itself. As a result, the Nation is actually investing far less in NIT R & D than the $4 billion-plus indicated in the Federal budget. To achieve America's priorities and advance key research frontiers to support economic competitiveness in NIT, this report calls for a more accurate accounting of this national investment and recommends additional investments in NIT R & D, including research in networking and information technology for health, energy and transportation, and cyber-infrastructure, among others. NIT has yielded enormous benefits for the Nation's economic competitiveness, national security, and quality of life. To maintain America's leadership in NIT in an ever more competitive global environment, the Federal Government must be bold in its investments, including funding of high risk/high reward research with the potential to move this essential field in unanticipated directions. PCAST believes that execution of the recommendations in this report will enable us to address critical priorities and challenges in the years ahead.
Jackson, Mississippi : U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Eastern States Jackson Field Office, [2010?]
Book — 1 online resource (185 pages) : color illustrations, maps Digital: text file.
The Management Plan that follows was prepared pursuant to section 202(c)(1) of the designating Act. It describes the resources that currently exist within the ONA, past and present uses and how we arrived at the point we are today. Most importantly, it will guide the management of the ONA for the foreseeable future with over 40 actions that address a wide range of issues and needs. These actions were carefully and collaboratively developed by the Jupiter Inlet Working Group - a unique partnership of Federal, county, municipal and non-profit entities dedicated to this special site. The Plan strives to strike a balance between use and conservation, between public access and preservation of imperiled habitat, between recreational opportunities and protection of the sacred trust of the people that came before us. To meet the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, this document also contains an Environmental Assessment.
[Washington, D.C.] : Executive Office of the President, 
Book — 1 online resource (14 p.)
The National Space Policy expresses the President's direction for the nation's space activities. The policy articulates the President's commitment to reinvigorating U.S. leadership in space for the purposes of maintaining space as a stable and productive environment for the peaceful use of all nations.
"This report summarizes the results of an unprecedented nationwide assessment of human effects on fish habitat in the rivers and estuaries of the United States. The assessment assigns watersheds and estuaries a risk of current habitat degradation ranging from very low to very high. These results allow comparison of aquatic habitats across the nation and within 14 sub-regions. The results also identify some of the major sources of habitat degradation. Unfortunately, not all sources of habitat degradation could be assessed, so some important factors such as small dams and abandoned mines could not be incorporated. Marine waters, lakes, and reservoirs were not assessed due to resource and data constraints, so previously published information was used to describe the condition of these fish habitats. Future revisions to the assessment will incorporate the missing data to the extent it is available"--Executive summary.
Houston, Tex. : National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, 2008.
Book —  p. : digital, PDF file.
"NASA commissioned the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) to conduct a thorough review of both the technical and the organizational causes of the loss of the Space Shuttle Columbia and her crew on February 1, 2003. The accident investigation that followed determined that a large piece of insulating foam from Columbia's external tank (ET) had come off during ascent and struck the leading edge of the left wing, causing critical damage. The damage was undetected during the mission. The CAIB’s findings and recommendations were published in 2003 and are available on the web at http://caib.nasa.gov/. NASA responded to the CAIB findings and recommendations with the Space Shuttle Return to Flight Implementation Plan.1 Significant enhancements were made to NASA's organizational structure, technical rigor, and understanding of the flight environment. The ET was redesigned to reduce foam shedding and eliminate critical debris. In 2005, NASA succeeded in returning the space shuttle to flight. In 2010, the space shuttle will complete its mission of assembling the International Space Station and will be retired to make way for the next generation of human space flight vehicles: the Constellation Program. The Space Shuttle Program recognized the importance of capturing the lessons learned from the loss of Columbia and her crew to benefit future human exploration, particularly future vehicle design. The program commissioned the Spacecraft Crew Survival Integrated Investigation Team (SCSIIT). The SCSIIT was asked to perform a comprehensive analysis of the accident, focusing on factors and events affecting crew survival, and to develop recommendations for improving crew survival for all future human space flight vehicles. To do this, the SCSIIT investigated all elements of crew survival, including the design features, equipment, training, and procedures intended to protect the crew. This report documents the SCSIIT findings, conclusions, and recommendations."--PDF Executive summary.
Updated. - Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 
Book — 1 online resource (iii, 89 p.)
This publication focuses on the role of crime victims in advancing community policing. It includes first responder guides to dealing with victims, a model policy for the prevention of repeat victimization, and the benefits of developing relationships between the police, crime victims, and victim organizations.
Machine generated contents note: GOVERNANCE AND FINANCE FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY AND WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Energy Sector Fostering Governance in the Energy Sector The Energy Governance-Finance Connection Water Sector Fostering Governance in the Water Sector Mobilizing Financial Resources to Manage Water Resources The Water Governance-Finance Connection SUSTAINABLE ENERGY AND WATER SUCCESS STORIES India: India Zero Emissions Transportation Program Guatemala: Hidroelectrica Papeles Elaborados S.A. Mexico: Renewable Energy for Agriculture Russia: Krasnogorsk Water-Efficiency Program Mexico: Renewable Energy for Protected Areas in Mexico Vietnam: Sale and Distribution of Household Biogas Systems India: Alternative Bagasse Cogeneration Global: Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program Indonesia: Water Efficiency Team Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan: South Asia Transboundary Water Quality Monitoring Project China: Geothermal Heat Pump Demonstration Project Argentina: Solar Systems for Schools in the Province of Jujuy Kenya: Ngong Cookstove Project Honduras: Soluz Honduras Poland: Cracow Clean Fossil Fuels and Energy-Efficiency Program Bolivia: Bolivia Private Hydropower Project Mexico: Design, Installation, and Testing of a Cleaner Combustion Technology at a Petroleos Mexicanos Refinery Bulgaria: Pirinsko Pivo Brewery Project Costa Rica: Tierras Morenas Wind Farm Republic of Korea: Ulsan Landfill Methane Gas Project Jamaica: Environmental Audits for Sustainable Tourism Philippines: Increasing Electric Power for Development in the Southern Philippines Thailand: Clean Thai Biogas Plant Colombia: Cartagena Water Supply, Sewerage, and Environmental Management Mexico and the Philippines: Ultraviolet Waterworks Mexico: Cerveceria Cuauhtemoc Moctezuma Taiwan: Environmental Center for Livestock Waste Management Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama: Increased Use of Renewable Resources Program for Central America Russia: Cherepovets Water-Efficiency/Tariff Reform Program China: US/China High-Efficiency Motors Demonstration Project Mexico: Improving Manufacturability and Reliability of Solar Water Distillers Romania: Leak Abatement in Romania Peru: Renewable Energy Systems in the Peruvian Amazon Region China: Modernized Biomass Utilization Chile: Clean Cities Santiago Program Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, India, Philippines, Thailand: Greening the Supply Chain India: Efficient Power Generation Bolivia: Kanata Hydroelectric Plant India: Sustainable Cities Initiative Brazil: Municipal Water-Efficiency Program India: India Renewable Resources Development Project Mexico: Comision Federal de Eletricidad/Arizona Public Service Company of Phoenix Renewable Energy Mini Grid Project El Salvador: Increased Access by Rural Households to Clean Water Uganda: Solar Light for the Churches of Africa Jordan: E7 Project
Efficiency Improvements in Power Plants Ukraine: Industrial Energy Efficiency in Ukraine
Gostomel Glass Plant APPENDIX: EXAMPLE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CASE STUDIES AND ENABLING POLICY ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMS EXAMPLE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CASE STUDIES Chevron Texaco Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrates Joint Industry Project Wabash River Coal Gasification Repowering Project/Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program Restoring Coastal Wetlands Using Drill Cuttings Mallik
2002: An International Research Initiative Considering Gas Hydrates as a Potential New Energy Resource EXAMPLE ENABLING POLICY ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMS South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Training South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Rural Electrification Services Egyptian Environmental Policy Program Egyptian Electric Regulatory Program.