[Washington, D.C. : Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress], 2006.
Book — 1 online resource (89 pages) : PDF
"Providing access to scientific and technical information (S&T) for legitimate uses while protecting it from potential terrorists poses difficult policy choices. Federally funded, extramural academic research is to be 'classified' if it poses a security threat; otherwise, it is to be 'unrestricted.' Since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, controls increasingly have been placed on some unclassified research and S&T information, including that used to inform decision making and citizen oversight. These controls include 'sensitive but unclassified' (SBU) labels; restrictive contract clauses; visa controls; controlled laboratories; and wider legal restrictions on access to some federal biological, transportation, critical infrastructure, geospatial, environmental impact, and nuclear information. Some professional groups have supported voluntary controls on the conduct or publication of sensitive research ..."--Page 2.