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Book
xviii, 292 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
  • Why the Yaqui Valley? An introduction / Pamela Matson and Walter Falcon
  • A brief history of the Yaqui Valley / Ashley Dean
  • Looking for "win-wins" in intensive agriculture / Pamela Matson, Rosamond Naylor, and Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio
  • Ecosystems and land use change in the Yaqui Valley: does agricultural intensification "spare land for nature"? / Pamela Matson and Peter Jewett
  • Linking knowledge with action for sustainable development: A case study of change and effectiveness / Ellen McCullough and Pamela Matson
  • Exploring vulnerability in the Yaqui Valley human-environment system / Pamela Matson, Amy Luers, and Ellen McCullough
  • From wheat to waves and back again: connections between the Yaqui Valley and the Gulf of California / Michael Beman and Amy Luers
  • The Yaqui Valley's agricultural transition to a more open economy / Rosamond Naylor and Walter Falcon
  • Agricultural research and management at the field scale / Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio and David Lobell
  • Nitrogen in the Yaqui Valley: sources, transfers, and consequences / Toby Ahrens ... [et al.]
  • Water resources management in the Yaqui Valley / Gerrit Schoups ... [et al.]
  • Lessons learned / Pamela Matson, Rosamond Naylor, and Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio.
dx.doi.org SpringerLink
Green Library, Earth Sciences Library (Branner), Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xvi, 369 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 27 cm.
  • Soil biogeochemistry: from molecular to ecosystem level using Terra Preta and Biochar as examples / Bruno Glaser
  • Factors and mechanisms regulating soil organic carbon in agricultural systems / Yadunath Bajgai, Paul Kristiansen, Nilantha Hulugalle and Melinda McHenry
  • Carbon capture and use as a alternative to carbon capture and storage / Bruno Glaser and Per Espen Stoknes
  • Agroecology of Agromicrobes / Manindra Nath Jha, Shankar Jha and Sanjeet Kumar Chourasia
  • Management of Rhizospere microorganisms in relation to plant nutrition and health / John Larsen, Miguel Nájera Rincón, Carlos González Esquivel, and Mayra E. Gavito
  • Mechanized rain-fed farming and its ecological impact on the drylands: The case of Gedarif State, Sudan / Yasin Abdalla Eltayeb Elhadary
  • The paradox of arable weeds: diversity, conservation and ecosystem services of the unwanted / Jaime Fagúndez
  • Proteomics potential and its contribution toward sustainable agriculture / Abbihit Sarkar [and eighteen others]
  • The food system approach in agroecology supported by natural and social sciences: topics, concepts, applications / Aleander Wezel, Philippe Fleury, Christophe David, and Patrick Mundler
  • Agroecology applications in tropical agriculture systems / Noureddine Benkeblia and Charles A. Francis
  • Agroforesty adaptation and mitigation options for smallholder farmers vulnerable to climate change / Brenda B. Lin
  • Agroecology for sustainable coastal ecosystems: a case for mangrove forest restoration / Mona Webber, Dale Webber, and Camilo Trench
  • Suggesting an interdisciplinary framework for the management of integrated production and conservation landscapes in a transfrontier conservation area of southern Africa / Munyaradzi Chitakira, Emmanuel Torquebiau, Willem Ferguson and Kevin Mearns
  • Agroecology in Central Appalachia: framing problems and facilitating solutions / Sean Clark
  • Can agroecological practices feed the world?: the bio-ecoeconomic paradigm in agri-food production / Lummina G. Horlings
  • Vermont agricultural resilience in a changing climate: a transdisciplinary and participatory action research (PAR) process / Rachel Schattman [and ten others]
  • Experiential learning using the open-ended case: future agroecology education / Charles A Francis, Lennart Salomonsson, Geir Lieblein, Tor Arvid Breland, and Suzanne Morse.
We hear a lot about how agriculture affects climate change and other environmental issues, but we hear little about how these issues affect agriculture. When we look at both sides of the issues, we can develop better solutions for sustainable agriculture without adversely affecting the environment. Agroecology, Ecosystems, and Sustainability explores a modern vision of ecology and agricultural systems, so that crop production can be sustainably developed without further environmental degradation. With contributions from experts from more than 20 countries, the book describes how to make the transition to modern agroecology to help the environment. It examines the global availability of natural resources and how agroecology could allow the world population to reach the goal of global sustainable ecological, agricultural, and food production systems. The book discusses important principles that regulate agroecological systems, including crop production, soil management, and environment preservation. Making the link between theory and practices, the book includes examples of agroecology such as an interdisciplinary framework for the management of integrated production and conservation landscapes and the use of mechanized rain-fed farming and its ecological impact on drylands. An examination of how ecology and agriculture can be allied to ensure food production and security without threatening our environment, the text shows you how natural resources can be used in a manner to create a "symbiosis" to preserve ecological systems and develop agriculture.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482233018 20160618
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxiv, 393 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
  • Foreword Preface Contributors Abbreviations 1. Conservation Agriculture for Sustainable and Resilient Agriculture: Global Status, Prospects and Challenges 2. Conservation Agriculture in the USA 3. Conservation Agriculture in Brazil 4. Conservation Agriculture on the Canadian Prairies 5. Conservation Agriculture in Australian Dry-land Cropping 6. Conservation Agriculture in Europe 7. Conservation Agriculture in South-East Asia 8. Conservation Agriculture in China 9. Conservation Agriculture in Central Asia 10. Conservation Agriculture in West Asia 11. Conservation Agriculture in Eastern and Southern Africa 12. Conservation Agriculture in North Africa 13. Conservation Agriculture in West and Central Africa 14. Conservation Agriculture in Southern Africa 15. Conservation Agriculture in Argentina 16. Summing up Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780642598 20160612
The book covers the spread of conservation agriculture (CA) to regions including Brazil, Argentina, Canada, Australia, Europe and emerging CA destinations in Asia and Africa. Topics covered include the various components of CA, and how their individual and combined implementation influence productivity, soil health and environmental quality under diverse edaphic and climatic conditions. The book will be useful to teachers, researchers, extensionists, farmers, and students interested in environmental quality.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780642598 20160612
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xvii, 283 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
  • Part 1: Precision Agriculture and Food Security 1. An Overview of Precision Agriculture M. A. Oliver 2. The Role of Precision Agriculture in Food Production and Security J. L. Hatfield and N. R. Kitchen 3. Improving Food Security Through Increasing the Precision of Agricultural Development A. Gassner, R. Coe and F. Sinclair Part 2: Techniques 4. Rational Management Decisions from Uncertain Spatial Data B.P. Marchant, A.G. Dailey and R. Webster 5. Applications of Remote Sensing in Precision Agriculture for Sustainable Production P.G. Carter and S. L. Young 6. Proximal Sensing R. A. Viscarra Rossel and V. I. Adamchuk 7. Spatio-temporal Analysis to Improve Agricultural Management A. Horta and T. F. A. Bishop Part 3: Management 8. Site-specific Management and Delineating Management Zones D. L. Corwin 9. Precision Weed Management R. Gerhards 10. Site-Specific Irrigation Water Management R. G. Evans and E. J. Sadler 11. The Economics of Precision Agriculture B. P. Marchant, M. A. Oliver, T. F. A. Bishop and B. M. Whelan 12. Spatially Distributed Experimentation: Tools for the Optimization of Targeted Management R. G. V. Bramley, R. A. Lawes and S. E. Cook Part 4: Case Studies CS1. Sampling and Mapping in Precision Agriculture M. A. Oliver CS2. Precision Agriculture in Sugarcane Production J. P. Molin, G. Portz and L. R. do Amaral CS3. Precision Rice Farming for Small-Scale Paddy Fields in Asia B-W. Lee and K-J. Lee CS4. Farmer Perceptions of Precision Agriculture for Fertilizer Management of Cotton R. K. Roberts, J. A. Larson, B. C. English and J. C. Torbet Future Prospects M.A. Oliver, T.A. F. Bishop and B.P. Marchant.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415504409 20160612
Precision agriculture (PA) involves the application of technologies and agronomic principles to manage spatial and temporal variation associated with all aspects of agricultural production in order to improve crop performance and environmental quality. The focus of this book is to introduce a non-specialist audience to the the role of PA in food security, environmental protection, and sustainable use of natural resources, as well as its economic benefits. The technologies covered include yield monitors and remote sensing, and the key agronomic principles addressed are the optimal delivery of fertilizers, water and pesticides to crops only when and where these are required. As a result, it is shown that both food production and resource efficiency can be maximized, without waste or damage to the environment, such as can occur from excessive fertilizer or pesticide applications. The authors of necessity describe some technicalities about PA, but the overall aim is to introduce readers who are unfamiliar with PA to this very broad subject and to demonstrate the potential impact of PA on the environment and economy. The book shows how farmers can place sustainability of the environment at the centre of their operations and that this is improved with the application of PA. The range of topics described includes sampling and mapping, weed and pest control, proximal and remote sensing, spatio-temporal analysis for improving management, management zones and water management. These are illustrated with case studies on sampling and mapping, biofuels from sugar cane and maize, paddy rice cultivation, and cotton production. Chapter 3 of this book is available for free in PDF format as Open Access at www.tandfebooks.com. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415504409 20160612
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xx, 533 p., [2] p. of plates : ill. (some col.), map ; 27cm.
  • The Use of Omics Databases for Plants Ayako Suzuki, Keita Suwabe, and Kentaro Yano High-Throughput Approaches for Characterization and Efficient Use of Plant Genetic Resources Jaroslava Ovesna, Anna Janska, Sylva Zelenkova, and Petr Marsik Breeding for Sustainability: Utilizing High-Throughput Genomics to Design Plants for a New Green Revolution Traci Viinanen Transcription Factors, Gene Regulatory Networks, and Agronomic Traits John Gray and Erich Grotewold Contribution of "Omics" Approaches to Sustainable Herbivore Production Jean-Francois Hocquette, Hamid Boudra, Isabelle Cassar-Malek, Christine Leroux, Brigitte Picard, Isabelle Savary-Auzeloux, Laurence Bernard, Agnes Cornu, Denys Durand, Anne Ferlay, Dominique Gruffat, Diego Morgavi, and Claudia Terlouw Mining Omic Technologies and Their Application to Sustainable Agriculture and Food Production Systems Noureddine Benkeblia Identification of Molecular Processes Underlying Abiotic Stress Plants Adaptation Using "Omics" Technologies Urmila Basu Rhizosphere Metabolomics: A Study of Biochemical Processes Kalyan Chakravarthy Mynampati, Sheela Reuben, and Sanjay Swarup Microbial Functionality and Diversity in Agroecosystems: A Soil Quality Perspective Felipe Bastida, Cesar Nicolas, Jose Luis Moreno, Teresa Hernandez, and Carlos Garcia Survey in Plant Root Proteomics: To Know the Unknown Sophie Alvarez and Leslie M. Hicks Applications of Agricultural and Medicinal Biotechnology in Functional Foods Kandan Aravindaram and Ning-Sun Yang Nutritional Genomics and Sustainable Agriculture Maria Luisa Guillen, Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, and Dolores Corella Metabolomics: Current View on Fruit Quality Relation with Human Health Ilian Badjako, Violeta Kondakova, and Atanas Atanassov New Farm Management Strategy to Enhance Sustainable Rice Production in Japan and Indonesia Masakazu Komatsuzaki and Faiz M. Syuaib Advances in Genetics and Genomics for Sustainable Peanut Production Baozhu Guo, Charles Chen, Ye Chu, C. Corley Holbrook, Peggy Ozias-Akins, and H. Thomas Stalker The Relevance of Compositional and Metabolite Variability in Safety Assessments of Novel Crops George G. Harrigan, Angela Hendrickson Culler, William P. Ridley, and Kevin C. Glenn Gene-Expression Analysis of Cell-Cycle Regulation Genes in Virus-Infected Rice Leaves Shoshi Kikuchi and Kouji Satoh Transcriptomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics: Integration of Latest Technologies for Improving Wheat Productivity in Future Michael G. Francki, Allison C. Crawford, and Klaus Oldach Impact of Climatic Changes on Crop Agriculture: OMICS for Sustainability and Next-Generation Crops Sajad Majeed Zargar, Muslima Nazir, Kyoungwon Cho, Dea-Wook Kim, Oliver Andrzej, Hodgson Jones, Abhijit Sarkar, Shashi Bhushan Agrawal, Junko Shibato, Akihiro Kubo, Nam-Soo Jwa, Ganesh Kumar Agrawal, and Randeep Rakwal Designing Oilseeds for Biomaterial Production Thomas A. McKeon Bioenergy from Agricultural Biowaste: Key Technologies and Concepts Suman Khowala and Swagata Pal Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781439825044 20160606
Taking a broad and innovative informational approach, Sustainable Agriculture and New Biotechnologies is the first book to apply omic technologies to address issues related to understanding and improving agricultural sustainability in the food production process. The transformation from industrial to sustainable agriculture is discussed within the frameworks of new biotechnologies and global environmental changes. While considering this transformation, the book covers: The use of new biotechnologies to help in the creation of more sustainable agricultural practices, including methods in molecular biology, genetic engineering, and the new emerging technologies, such as metabolomics, metagenomics, nutrigenomics, and ionomics The path to reach the goal of the global sustainable agricultural and food production systems in a world of limited natural resources and growing environmental degradation Principles that regulate the new agricultural and food production systems including breeding programs for more sustainable crops, soil management, and environment preservation It is clear that biotechnological approaches will become increasingly important in the future and that a shift from industrial to a sustainable agriculture will be necessary. While many books tend to make "a quick and easy link" between these two different worlds, Sustainable Agriculture and New Biotechnologies describes exactly how omics can contribute to greater food productivity and security, and agricultural sustainability in the future.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781439825044 20160606
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
x, 376 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Distinct practices of eating are at the heart of many of the world's faith traditions - from the Christian Eucharist to Muslim customs of fasting during Ramadan to the vegetarianism and asceticism practiced by some followers of Hinduism and Buddhism. What we eat, how we eat, and whom we eat with can express our core values and religious devotion more clearly than verbal piety. In this wide-ranging collection, eminent scholars, theologians, activists, and lay farmers illuminate how religious beliefs influence and are influenced by the values and practices of sustainable agriculture. Together, they analyze a multitude of agricultural practices for their contributions to healthy, ethical living and environmental justice. Throughout, the contributors address current critical issues, including global trade agreements, indigenous rights to land and seed, and the effects of postcolonialism on farming and industry. Covering indigenous, Buddhist, Hindu, Christian, Muslim, and Jewish perspectives, this groundbreaking volume makes a significant contribution to the study of ethics and agriculture.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780813167978 20161205
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xvii, 248 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
  • FOREWORD Acknowledgements How to read this book PART I WHAT IS THE PROBLEM? 1 Guatemala, Where It All Began 2 What You Eat Impacts the World 3 Reading and Understanding Behavior in Systems 4 Why Do Agricultural Markets Fail? PART II WHAT IS THE SOLUTION? 5 Phases of Market Transformation 6 How Does Market Transformation Start? 7 The First Mover and Competition Phase 8 The Critical Mass and Institutionalization Phase 9 The Level Playing Field Phase 10 Twelve Questions about the Market Transformation Curve Appendix 1: Sector Infographics of Coffee, Cocoa, and Palm Oil Appendix 2: Bibliography and References Used.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781783532315 20160619
By 2050, the world's population is estimated to grow to 10 billion. To feed everyone, we will have to double our food production, to produce more food in the next 40 years than in the whole of the last 6,000. Changing the Food Game shows how our unsustainable food production system cannot support this growth. In this prescient book, Lucas Simons argues that the biggest challenge for our generation can only be solved by effective market transformation to achieve sustainable agriculture and food production. Lucas Simons explains clearly how we have created a production and trading system that is inherently unsustainable. But he also demonstrates that we have reason to be hopeful - from a sustainability race in the cocoa industry to examples of market transformation taking place in palm oil, timber, and sugarcane production. He also poses the question: where next? Provocative and eye-opening, Changing the Food Game uncovers the real story of how our food makes it on to our plates and presents a game-changing solution to revolutionize the industry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781783532315 20160619
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xiv, 380 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Preface.- 1. Basic Ecological Concepts in Agroecosystems.- 1. Agroecology: Researching the Ecological Basis for Sustainable Agriculture.- 2. Two Examples of Natural Enemy Augmentation: A Consequence of Crop Diversification.- 3. An Evaluation of Ants as Possible Candidates for Biological Control in Tropical Annual Agroecosystems.- 4. Cropping Systems, Insect Movement, and the Spread of Insect-Transmitted Diseases in Crops.- 5. Diversification of Agroecosystems for Insect Pest Regulation: Experiments with Collards.- 6. Reduction of Damping-Off Disease in Soils from Indigenous Mexican Agroecosystems.- 7. The Role of Allelopathy in Agroecosystems: Studies from Tropical Taiwan.- 8. Nutrient Mobility in a Shifting Cultivation System, Belize, Central America.- 9. Low-Input Ideotypes.- 10. An Ecological Approach to Reducing External Inputs Through the Use of Intercropping.- 11. Integrating Trees into Agriculture: The Home Garden Agroecosystem as an Example of Agroforestry in the Tropics.- 12. The Influence of Trees in Selected Agroecosystems in Mexico.- 13. Tree Improvement from the Ground Up: The Potential for a Select Microbial Inocula in Forestry.- 14. Variability, Stability, and Risk in Intercropping: Some Theoretical Explorations.- 2. Agroecosystem Design and Management.- 15. Reducing the Risk: Some Indications Regarding Pre-Hispanic Wetland Agricultural Intensification from Contemporary Use of a Wetland/Terra Firma Boundary Zone in Central Veracruz.- 16. Agricultural Systems of the Northeastern Hill Region of India.- 17. The Impact of Agrohydrological Management on Water, Nutrients, and Fertilizers in the Environment of the Netherlands.- 18. Technological Changes in Energy Use in U.S. Agricultural Production.- 19. Energy Flow in Agroecosystems of Northeast China.- 20. Threats to Sustainability in Intensified Agricultural Systems: Analysis and Implications for Management.- 21. Quantifying the Agroecological Component of Sustainable Agriculture: A Goal.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781461279341 20160614
***e FACHGEBIET*** Agriculture, Agronomy, Forestry, Horticulture, Soil Science, Environmental Science (esp. Plant Ecology), Agricultural Chemistry, Agricultural Economics, Natural Resource Economics, Sociology, and Anthropology ***INTERESSENTENGRUPPE*** Of interest to researchers, students, and professionals in the above fields.- Level: Technical Book, Monograph ***URHEBER*** S.R. Gliessman, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA (Ed.) ***TITEL*** Agroecology ***UNTERTITEL*** Researching the Ecological Basis for Sustainable Agriculture ***BIBLIOGRAPHISCHE-ANGABEN*** 1990. XIV, 380 pp. 87 figs. (Ecological Studies. Eds.: W.D. Billings, F. Golley, O.L. Lange, J.S. Olson, H. Remmert. Vol. 78) Hardcover DM 198, - ISBN 3-540-97028-2 ***CONTENTS*** Contents: Part I: Basic Ecological Concepts in Agroecosystems.- Part II: Agroecosystem Design and Management.- Index. ***LANGTEXT*** This book provides an introduction to research approaches in the emerging interdisciplinary field of agroecology. It demonstrates in a series of international case studies how to combine the more production-oriented focus of the agronomist with the more systems-oriented viewpoint of the ecologist. Different methodologies for quantifying and evaluating agroecosystem sustainability are presented and analyzed. Leading researchers in the field provide examples of the diversity and complexity of agroecological research, ranging from archeology to insect ecology, and examine design and management of agroecosystems that span from the humid tropics to temperate regions. This timely overview will be of great value to ecologists, agronomists, geographers, foresters, anthropologists, and others involved in developing a sustainable basis for land use, management, and conservation worldwide. ***RS-ENDE*** RS 11/89 PREX ***RS-NOTIZEN*** NY/Dr. Czeschlik.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781461279341 20160614
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxiv, 271 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Foreword Jose Graziano da Silva Foreword M.S. Swaminathan 1. Past, Present and the Future of Agriculture 2. Agricultural Heritage and Sustainable Food Systems 3. A View to Protecting and Safeguarding our Heritage 4. Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems: Concept and the Initiative 5. Dynamic Conservation of GIAHS 6. Lessons Learned, Experiences and Impacts 7. GIAHS are Around Us: Sites and Systems of Interest 8. Final Reflection and Key Messages.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138204157 20170410
Contemporary agriculture is often criticized for its industrial scale, adverse effects on nutrition, rural employment and the environment, and its disconnectedness from nature and culture. Yet there are many examples of traditional smaller scale systems that have survived the test of time and provide more sustainable solutions while still maintaining food security in an era of climate change. This book provides a unique compilation of this forgotten agricultural heritage and is based on objective scientific evaluation and evidence of the value of these systems for present and future generations. The authors refer to many of these systems as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) and show how they are related to the concepts of heritage and the World Heritage Convention. They demonstrate how GIAHS based on family farms, traditional indigenous knowledge and agroecological principles can contribute to food and nutrition security and the maintenance of agro-biodiversity and environmental resilience, as well as sustain local cultures, economies and societies. Two substantial chapters are devoted to descriptions and assessments of some 50 examples of designated and potential GIAHS from around the world, including rice-fish culture in China, mountain terrace systems in Asia, coffee agroforestry in Latin America, irrigation systems and land and water management in Iran and India, pastoralism in East Africa, and the dehesa agrosilvopastoral system of Spain and Portugal. The book concludes by providing policy and technical solutions for sustainable agriculture and rural development through the enhancement of these systems.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138204157 20170410
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxi, 336 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
  • 1. Wake Up and Smell the Coffee (or a Tale of Two Farms) 2. A Biodiverse Cup of Coffee: Coffee Agroforests as Repositories of Tropical Biodiversity 3. The Coffee Agroecosystem as a High-Quality Matrix 4. Space Matters: Large Scale Spatial Ecology within the Coffee Agroecosystem 5. Who's Eating Whom and How: Trophic and Trait-mediated Cascades in the Coffee Agroecosystem 6. Interactions across Spatial Scales 7. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services 8. Coffee, the Agroecological Landscape, and Farmer's Livelihoods 9. Syndromes of Coffee Production: Embracing Sustainability.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415826815 20160618
Based on principles of the conservation and optimization of biodiversity and of equity and sustainability, this book focuses on the ecology of the coffee agroecosystem as a model for a sustainable agricultural ecosystem. It draws on the authors' own research conducted over the last twenty years as well as incorporating the vast literature that has been generated on coffee agroecosystems from around the world. The book uses an integrated approach that weaves together various lines of research to understand the ecology of a very diverse tropical agroforestry system. Key concepts explored include biodiversity patterns, metapopulation dynamics and ecological networks. These are all set in a socioeconomic and political framework which relates them to the realities of farmers' livelihoods. The authors provide a novel synthesis that will generate new understanding and can be applied to other examples of sustainable agriculture and food production. This synthesis also explains the ecosystem services provided by the approach, including the economic, fair trade and political aspects surrounding this all-important global commodity.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415826815 20160618
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxxiv, 418 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
  • Foreword Prof M.S. Swaminathan Preface and Acknowledgements Walter Simon de Boef Section 1: Community biodiversity management and in situ conservation 1.1 Community biodiversity management: general introduction Marja Thijssen, Walter de Boef, Abishkar Subedi, Nivaldo Peroni and Elizabeth O'Keeffe 1.2 The evolution of community biodiversity management as a methodology for implementing in situ conservation of agrobiodiversity in Nepal Abishkar Subedi, Pitambar Shrestha, Madhusudan Upadhyay and Bhuwon Sthapit 1.3 Community biodiversity management: defined and contextualized Pratap Shrestha, Pitambar Shrestha, Abishkar Subedi, Nivaldo Peroni and Walter de Boef 1.4 On-farm management of plant genetic resources through community seed banks in Ethiopia Regassa Feyissa, Genene Gezu, Bayush Tsegaye and Temesgen Dessalegn 1.5 The diversity kit: restoring farmers' sovereignty over food, seed and genetic resources, in Guaraciaba, Brazil Adriano Canci, Clistenes Antonio Guadagnin, Jair Pedro Henke and Luciane Lazzari 1.6 Practices that contribute to the empowerment of farming communities for managing their agrobiodiversity in Asia Joya Doctor 1.7 The maison de la semence paysanne and diversity platform: promoting agrobiodiversity in France Jennifer Kendall and Elodie Gras 1.8 Community biodiversity management and in situ conservation of plant genetic resources Walter de Boef and Marja Thijssen Section 2: Practices contributing to community biodiversity management 2.1 Practices contributing to community biodiversity management: introduction Walter de Boef and Abishkar Subedi 2.2 Enhancing awareness on the value of local biodiversity in Nepal Pitambar Shrestha, Abishkar Subedi and Bhuwon Sthapit 2.3 Practices that contribute to promoting and appreciating Andean crops and identity in Cotacachi, Ecuador Cesar Tapia and Hugo Carrera 2.4 Community biodiversity registers in Nepal: enhancing the capabilities of communities to document, monitor and take control over their genetic resources Abishkar Subedi, Rachana Devkota, Indra Poudel and Shreeram Subedi 2.5 Gene banks that promote on-farm management through the reintroduction of local varieties in Brazil Terezinha Dias, Maria Aldete J. da Fonseca Ferreira, Rosa Lia Barbieri, Flavia Franca Teixeira and Sergio Guilherme de Azevedo 2.6 Community seed reserves: enhancing sovereignty and resilience in Central America Mario Roberto Fuentes Lopez and Sergio Romeo Alonzo Recinos 2.7 Community seed banks in the semi-arid region of Paraiba, Brazil Emanoel Dias da Silva 2.8 The community seed bank: a common driver for community biodiversity management Pitambar Shrestha, Genene Gezu, Saujanendra Swain, Bertrand Lassaigne, Abishkar Subedi and Walter de Boef 2.9 Community biodiversity management fund: promoting conservation through livelihood development in Nepal Pitambar Shrestha, Sajal Sthapit, Abishkar Subedi and Bhuwon Sthapit Section 3: People, biodiversity and landscapes 3.1 People, biodiversity and landscapes: introduction Walter de Boef, Nivaldo Peroni and Natalia Hanazaki 3.2 Traditional people and the conservation of biodiversity in Brazil Ana Luiza Assis, Sofia Zank, Nivaldo Peroni and Natalia Hanazaki 3.3 Opportunities for ethnobotany to contribute to community biodiversity management Natalia Hanazaki, Elaine Mitie Nakamura, Bianca Lindner and Walter de Boef 3.4 The domestication of landscapes and cultural keystone species in a context of community biodiversity management, in Brazil Nivaldo Peroni, Ulysses Paulino de Albuquerque, Ana Luiza de Assis, Ernani Machado de Freitas Lins Neto 3.5 Caivas and their contribution to the conservation of Atlantic forest landscapes in Brazil Mauricio Sedrez dos Reis, Camila Vieira da Silva, Andrea Gabriela Mattos, Alex Zechini, Adelar Mantovani and Nivaldo Peroni 3.6 Community management of forest coffee landscapes in Ethiopia Regassa Feyissa, Genene Gezu, Bayush Tsegaye and Kassahun Tesfaye 3.7 Promoting the community management of garcinia genetic resources in the central Western Ghats, India Vasudeva Ramesh, Narasimha Hegde and Bhuwon Sthapit 3.8 The sustainable development reserve: an option for securing livelihoods in Imbituba, Brazil Sofia Zank, Ana Luiza Assis, Marlene Borges, Nivaldo Peroni and Natalia Hanazaki Section 4: Agrobiodiversity, livelihoods and markets 4.1 Agrobiodiversity, livelihoods and markets: introduction Walter de Boef, Marja Thijssen and Monika Sopov 4.2 Value addition and marketing of local citrus products in Nepal Bharat Bhandari, Bijaya Raj Devkota and Sajal Sthapit 4.3 Creating an economic stake for conserving the diversity of small millets in the Kolli Hills, India E.D. Israel Oliver King, S. Bala Ravi and Stefano Padulosi 4.4 Value chain development and the regional branding of Kalajeera rice in Jeypore, India Sushanta Sekhar Chaudhury and Saujanendra Swain 4.5 Marketing local rice varieties in Vietnam, supported by their participatory genetic enhancement and intellectual property rights Frederic Thomas and Dao The Anh 4.6 The dynamic management and regional marketing of a local wheat variety by farmers in the Luberon, France Guy Kastler and Anne-Charlotte Moy Section 5: Participatory crop improvement in a context of community biodiversity management 5.1 Participatory crop improvement in a context of community biodiversity management: introduction Walter de Boef, Marja Thijssen and Bhuwon Sthapit 5.2 Grassroots breeding of local crops and varieties in support of community biodiversity management and resilience in Nepal Bhuwon Sthapit, Kamal Khadka, Pitambar Shrestha, Shreeram Subedi and Indra Poudel 5.3 Participatory domestication of the fruit tree species, feijoa (Acca sellowiana) in Brazil Karine dos Santos, Nivaldo Peroni, Raymond P. Guries, Joel Donazzolo and Rubens Onofre Nodari 5.4 Farmer and participatory maize breeding: increasing farmers' autonomy and promoting the use of diversity in France Bertrand Lassaigne and Jennifer Kendall 5.5 Participatory genetic enhancement of the Jethobudho rice variety in Nepal Sachesh Silwal, Sanjaya Gyawali, Bharat Bhandari and Bhuwon Sthapit 5.6 Providing scientific support to farmers using local rice diversity in Jeypore, India Sushanta Sekhar Chaudhury and Saujanendra Swain 5.7 The participatory genetic enhancement of a local maize variety in Brazil Juliana Bernardi Ogliari, Volmir Kist and Adriano Canci 5.8 Participatory crop improvement in Central America: encouraging farmers to use local varieties Sergio Romeo Alonzo Recinos, Mario Roberto Fuentes Lopez, Juan Carlos Rosas Sotomayor, Silvio Aguirre and Rolando Herrera 5.9 Participatory varietal selection for enhancing farmers' access to quality seed in Ethiopia Hussein Mohammed, Tadesse Desalegn, Fetien Abay and Marja Thijssen 5.10 Supporting farmers' access to the global gene pool and participatory selection in taro in the Pacific Tolo Iosefa, Mary Taylor, Danny Hunter and Valerie Saena Tuia Section 6: Community biodiversity management, genetic resource policies and rights 6.1 Genetic resource policies and rights: opportunities and limitations for community biodiversity management Niels Louwaars, S. Bala Ravi, Pratap Shrestha, Juliana Santilli, Regassa Feyissa and Walter de Boef 6.2 Farmers' rights in times of change: illusion or reality? Regine Andersen 6.3 Farmers' rights, their scope and legal protection in India S. Bala Ravi 6.4 Access and benefit-sharing: putting a global legal concept into practice through local initiatives Ronnie Vernooy and Manuel Ruiz 6.5 Access and benefit-sharing in Brazil: towards the appropriation of the commons Ulysses Paulino de Albuquerque, Natalia Hanazaki and Juliana Santilli 6.6 The European Union directive on conservation varieties and its incompatibility with on-farm management of plant genetic resources Guy Kastler and Anne-Charlotte Moy 6.7 Local varieties, informal seed systems and the Seed Law: reflections from Brazil Juliana Santilli 6.8 Seed and variety regulations: obstructing informal seed systems and the use of local varieties by farmers in Europe Guy Kastler Section 7: Community biodiversity management and resilience 7.1 New professionalism and governance in plant genetic resource management Walter de Boef, Marja Thijssen and Abishkar Subedi 7.2 Community biodiversity management and empowerment Walter de Boef, Karen Verhoosel and Marja Thijssen 7.3 Community biodiversity management: promoting resilience Walter de Boef, Marja Thijssen, Nivaldo Peroni and Abishkar Subedi Bibliography Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415502207 20160611
The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are issues that have been high on the policy agenda since the first Earth Summit in Rio in 1992. As part of efforts to implement in situ conservation, a methodology referred to as community biodiversity management (CBM) has been developed by those engaged in this arena. CBM contributes to the empowerment of farming communities to manage their biological resources and make informed decisions on the conservation and use of agrobiodiversity. This book is the first to set out a clear overview of CBM as a methodology for meeting socio-environmental changes. CBM is shown to be a key strategy that promotes community resilience, and contributes to the conservation of plant genetic resources. The authors present the underlying concepts and theories of CBM as well as its methodology and practices, and introduce case studies primarily from Brazil, Ethiopia, France, India, and Nepal. Contributors include farmers, leaders of farmers' organizations, professionals from conservation and development organizations, students and scientists. The book offers inspiration to all those involved in the conservation and use of agrobiodiversity within livelihood development and presents ideas for the implementation of farmers' rights. The wide collection of experiences illustrates the efforts made by communities throughout the world to cope with change while using diversity and engaging in learning processes. It links these grassroots efforts with debates in policy arenas as a means to respond to the unpredictable changes, such as climate change, that communities face in sustaining their livelihoods.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415502207 20160611
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xvi, 552 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Principles of Soil Management Rattan Lal Marginality Principle Jerry L. Hatfield and Lois Wright Morton Principles of Soil Management in Neotropical Savannas: The Brazilian Cerrado Yuri L. Zinn and Rattan Lal Facts and Myths of Feeding the World with Organic Farming Methods Bobby A. Stewart, Xiaobo Hou, and Sanjeev Reddy Yalla Building upon Traditional Knowledge to Enhance Resilience of Soils in Sub-Saharan Africa M. Tenywa, J. Y. K. Zake, and Rattan Lal Soil Fertility as a Contingent Rather than Inherent Characteristic: Considering the Contributions of Crop-Symbiotic Soil Microbiota Norman Uphoff, Feng Chi, Frank B. Dazzo, and Russell J. Rodriguez Human Dimensions That Drive Soil Degradation Tomas M. Koontz, Vicki Garrett, Respikius Gabagambi, Caitlin Marquis, Pranietha Mudliar, Tara Ritter, and Sarah Zwickle Managing Soil Organic Carbon Concentration by Cropping Systems and Fertilizers in the North China Plain Jin Qing, Xiangbin Kong, and Rattan Lal Global Extent of Land Degradation and Its Human Dimension Ephraim Nkonya, Joachim von Braun, Jawoo Koo, and Zhe Guo Cost-Benefit Analysis of Soil Degradation and Restoration Fred J. Hitzhusen and Sarah E. Kiger Spiritual Aspects of Sustainable Soil Management B. C. Ball Theological and Religious Approaches to Soil Stewardship Gregory E. Hitzhusen, Gary W. Fick, and Richard H. Moore Traditional Knowledge for Sustainable Management of Soils B. Venkateswarlu, Ch. Srinivasarao, and J. Venkateswarlu Sustainable Soil Management Is More Than What and How Crops are Grown Amir Kassam, Gottlieb Basch, Theodor Friedrich, Francis Shaxson, Tom Goddard, Telmo Amado, Bill Crabtree, Li Hongwen, Ivo Mello, Michele Pisante, and Saidi Mkomwa Mining of Nutrients in African Soils Due to Agricultural Intensification Eric T. Craswell and Paul L. G. Vlek Carbon Sink Capacity and Agronomic Productivity of Soils of Semiarid Regions of India Ch. Srinivasarao, B. Venkateswarlu, Rattan Lal, A. K. Singh, Sumanta Kundu, and Vijay Sandeep Jakkula Soil Renewal and Sustainability Richard M. Cruse, Scott Lee, Thomas E. Fenton, Enheng Wang, and John Laflen Organic Carbon Sequestration Potential and the Co-Benefits in China's Cropland Genxing Pan, Kun Cheng, Jufeng Zheng, Lianqing Li, Xuhui Zhang, and Jinwei Zheng Soil Management for Sustaining Ecosystem Services Rattan Lal and Bobby A. Stewart.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781466513464 20160612
With the use of high-level soil management technology, Africa could feed several billion people, yet food production has generally stagnated since the 1960s. No matter how powerful the seed technology, the seedling emerging from it can flourish only in a healthy soil. Accordingly, crop yields in Africa, South Asia, and the Caribbean could be doubled or tripled through adoption of technologies based on laws of sustainable soil management. Principles of Sustainable Soil Management in Agroecosystems describes the application of these laws to enhance ecosystem services while restoring degraded soils and promoting sustainable use. With chapters contributed by world-class soil scientists, ecologists, and social scientists, this book outlines critical changes in management of agricultural soils necessary to achieve food security and meet the food demands of the present and projected future population. These changes include conversion to no-till and conservation agriculture; adoption of strategies of integrated nutrient management, water harvesting, and use of drip sub-irrigation; complex cropping/farming systems such as cover cropping and agroforestry; and use of nano-enhanced fertilizers. The book is based on the premise that it is not possible to extract more from a soil than what is put into it without degrading its quality. The strategy is to replace what is removed, respond wisely to what is changed, and be pro-active to what may happen because of natural and anthropogenic perturbations. The chapters, which exemplify these ideas, cover a range of topics including organic farming, soil fertility, crop-symbiotic soil microbiota, human-driven soil degradation, soil degradation and restoration, carbon sink capacity of soils, soil renewal and sustainability, and the marginality principle.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781466513464 20160612
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
258 p. : ill ; 24 cm.
  • List of Illustrations vii Chapter 1 Repaying Darwin's Debt to Agriculture 1 Chapter 2 What Do We Need from Agriculture? 9 Chapter 3 Evolution 101 28 The Power of Natural Selection Chapter 4 Darwinian Agriculture's Three Core Principles 43 Chapter 5 What Won't Work 54 Tradeoff-blind Biotechnology Chapter 6 Selfish Genes, Sophisticated Plants, and Haphazard Ecosystems 76 Chapter 7 What Won't Work 95 Misguided Mimicry of Natural Ecosystems Chapter 8 What Has Worked 120 Improving Cooperation within Species Chapter 9 What Could Work Better 145 Cooperation between Two Species Chapter 10 Stop Evolution Now! 164 Chapter 11 Learning from Plants, Ants, and Ecosystems 177 Chapter 12 Diversity, Bet-hedging, and Selection among Ideas 190 Acknowledgments 217 Glossary 219 References 227 Index 249.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691139500 20160608
As human populations grow and resources are depleted, agriculture will need to use land, water, and other resources more efficiently and without sacrificing long-term sustainability. "Darwinian Agriculture" presents an entirely new approach to these challenges, one that draws on the principles of evolution and natural selection. R. Ford Denison shows how both biotechnology and traditional plant breeding can use Darwinian insights to identify promising routes for crop genetic improvement and avoid costly dead ends. Denison explains why plant traits that have been genetically optimized by individual selection - such as photosynthesis and drought tolerance - are bad candidates for genetic improvement. Traits like plant height and leaf angle, which determine the collective performance of plant communities, offer more room for improvement. Agriculturalists can also benefit from more sophisticated comparisons among natural communities and from the study of wild species in the landscapes where they evolved. "Darwinian Agriculture" reveals why it is sometimes better to slow or even reverse evolutionary trends when they are inconsistent with our present goals, and how we can glean new ideas from natural selection's marvelous innovations in wild species.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691139500 20160608
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xiv, 264 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Conservation agriculture systems have long-term impacts on livelihoods, agricultural production, gender equity, and regional economic development of tribal societies in South Asia. This book presents South Asia as a case study, due to the high soil erosion caused by monsoon rainfall and geophysical conditions in the region, which necessitate conservation agriculture approaches, and the high percentage of people in South Asia relying on subsistence and traditional farming. The book takes an interdisciplinary approach to analyze systems at scales ranging from household to regional and national levels.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780644233 20160618
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xviii, 292 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Collaboratively written by top international experts and established scientists in various fields of agricultural research, this book focuses on the state of food production and sustainability; the problems with degradation of valuable sources of land, water, and air and their effects on food crops; the increasing demand of food resources; and the challenges of food security worldwide. The book provides cutting edge scientific tools and methods of research as well as solid background information that is accessible for those who have a strong interest in agricultural research and development and want to learn more on the challenges facing the global agricultural production systems. It provides cutting edge scientific tools and available technologies for research. It addresses the effects of climate change and the population explosion on food supply and offers solutions to combat them. It is written by a range of experts covering a broad range of agriculture-related disciplines.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780124045606 20160615
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xvii, 371 pages, [16] pages of plates : ill. (some color), maps ; 29 cm + 1 suppl. (xv, 240 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm).
Providing the theoretical and conceptual framework for this growing field, 'Agroecology' develops the understanding of environmental factors and complexities affecting agricultural crops and animals.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781439895610 20160618
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xv, 230 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Google, Apple, Amazon, Uber: companies like these have come to embody innovation, efficiency, and success. How often is the environmental movement characterised in the same terms? Sadly, conservation is frequently seen as a losing battle, waged by well-meaning, but ultimately ineffective idealists. Joe Whitworth argues it doesn't have to be this way. In fact, it can't be this way if we are to maintain our economy, let alone our health or the planet's. In Quantified, Whitworth draws lessons from the world's most tech-savvy, high-impact organisations to show how we can make real gains for the environment. The principles of his approach, dubbed quantified conservation, will be familiar to any thriving entrepreneur: situational awareness, bold outcomes, innovation and technology, data and analytics, and gain-focused investment. This no-nonsense strategy builds on the inspirational environmental work begun in the 1970s, while recognising that the next economy will demand new solutions. As President of The Freshwater Trust, Whitworth has put quantified conservation into practice, pioneering the model of a "do-tank" that is dramatically changing how rivers can get restored across the United States. The stories in Quantified highlight the most precious of resources, water, but they apply to any environmental effort. Whether in the realm of policy, agriculture, business, or philanthropy, Whitworth is charting a new course for conservation.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781610916141 20160619
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxv, 1,032 pages, [32] p. of plates : ill., maps ; 25 cm
  • Foreword Jefferson Fox Preface Part 1: Introduction A) Overview Chapters: The Context in which this Book was Prepared i) A Backwards Glance, Over Our Shoulders... 1. The View of Swidden Agriculture by the Early Naturalists, Linnaeus and Wallace Michael R. Dove 2. Shifting Cultivators and the Landscape: An Essay through Time Harold Brookfield 3. Swiddens and Fallows: Reflections on the Global and Local Values of 'Slash and Burn' Carol J. Pierce Colfer, Janis B. Alcorn and Diane Russell 4. Agroforestry Pathways Revisited: Voices from the Past John Raintree and Katherine Warner 5. Shifting Agriculture and its Changes in Yunnan Province, China Shaoting Yin 6. Swiddeners at the End of the Frontier: 50 years of Globalization in Northern Thailand, 1963 - 2013 Peter Kunstadter ii) Looking towards the Future 7. The Future of Swidden Cultivation Joseph A. Weinstock 8. Shifting Agriculture and Fallow Management Options: Where do we Stand? P. S. Ramakrishnan 9. Chena Cultivation in Sri Lanka: Prospects for Agroforestry Interventions Herath P. M. Gunasena and D. K. N. G. Pushpakumara 10. Learning from Migratory Agriculture around the World to Improve both Swidden and Modern Agriculture in Southeast Asia Roland Bunch 11. Learning to Cope: Evergreen Agriculture Transformations and Insights Exchanged between Africa and Asia Dennis P. Garrity Part 2: Is Shifting Cultivation really the 'Bogeyman' of Climate Change and Biodiversity Loss? A) Shifting Cultivation in an Era of Climate Change 12. Swidden Transitions in an Era of Climate Change Debate Meine van Noordwijk, Peter A Minang and Kurniatun Hairiah 13. Climate Change Adaptation, Mitigation and Transformations of Shifting Cultivation Landscapes: Are we Throwing out the Baby with the Bathwater? Kamal Aryal and Dhrupad Choudhury 14. Best REDD Scenario: Reducing Climate Change in Alliance with Swidden Communities and Indigenous Peoples in Southeast Asia Janis B. Alcorn and Antoinette G. Royo 15. Earning Carbon Credits through Fallow Management on lands Affected by Shifting Cultivation in Northeast India Imtienla Ao 16. Formal and Indigenous Forest-Management Systems in Central Vietnam: Implications and Challenges for REDD+ Mucahid Mustafa Bayrak, Tran Nam Tu and Paul Burgers 17. Changing Strategies of Shifting Cultivators to Match a Changing Climate Prasert Trakansuphakon 18. Fallows and Flooding: A Case Study on the Potential Contribution of Fallows to Flood Mitigation Peter D. Suson, Rex Victor O. Cruz, Ruth P. Serquina, Nathaniel C. Bantayan, Daisy Lou L. Polestico and Jerson N. Orejudos 19. Dynamics of an Island Ecosystem: Where to Now? Marjorie V. Cushing Falanruw and Francis Ruegorong B) Is Shifting Cultivation Friend or Foe to Biodiversity? 20. Second thoughts on Secondary forests: Can Swidden Cultivation be Compatible with Conservation? Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt 21. Biodiversity and Swidden Agroecosystems: An Analysis and some Implications Percy E. Sajise 22. Shifting Cultivators, Curators of Forests and Conservators of Biodiversity: The Dayak of East Kalimantan, Indonesia Herwasono Soedjito 23. Fallow Management Practices among the Tangkhuls of Manipur: Safeguarding Provisioning and Regulatory Services from Shifting Cultivation Fallows L. Jitendro Singh and Dhrupad Choudhury 24. Some Lesser Known Facts about jhum in Nagaland, Northeast India Temjen Toy and POU (Project Operations Unit) Members 25. Plant Genetic Diversity in Farming Systems and Poverty Alleviation in Vietnam's Northern Mountain Region Tran Duc Vien, Vu Van Liet and Nguyen Thanh Lam 26. Experimenting with Change: Shifting Beliefs and Rice Varieties in Swidden Communities in Northern Laos Karen McAllister 27. Is the 'Bogeyman' Real? Shifting Cultivation and the Forests, Papua New Guinea Bryant Allen and Colin Filer 28. The End of swidden in Bhutan: Implications for Forest Cover and Biodiversity Steve Siebert, Jill M. Belsky, Sangay Wangchuk and James Riddering 29. Valuation and Management of Forest Ecosystem Services: A Skill Well Exercised by the Forest People of Upper Nam Theun, Lao P.D.R Laurent Chazee 30. Benuaron: The Fruit Gardens of the Orang Rimba Bambang Hariyadi and Dedi Harmoko 31. Ancestral Domain and National Park Potection: Mutually Supportive Paradigms? A Case Study of the Mt.Kitanglad Range Nature Park, Bukidnon, Philippines Malcolm Cairns 32. Shifting Cultivation and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Ancestral Domains: Friend or Foe to Biodiversity Conservation? Butch Dagondon and Easterluna Canoy 33. Missing Link of Forest Regeneration: Dwindling Shifting Cultivation from North Western Ghats Archana Godbole, VJayant Sarnaik and Yogita Gokhale 34. Fallows and Forest Restoration Kuswata Kartawinata and Rochadi Abdulhadi 35. Characteristics and Roles of Fallow and Riparian Forests in a Mountainous Region of Northern Laos Isao Hirota 36. A Plant Resources Survey and Festival: A Community-based Approach to Biodiversity Education and Conservation Venacio A. Acebedo, Lorna F. Acebedo and David M. Bates 37. Developing Information Systems on Indigenous Plant Resources in the Cordillera Administrative Region, Philippines Damasa B. Magcale-Macandog, Edwin R. Abucay, Lorenza G. Lirio, Lito O. Ayyokad, Joyce N. Paing, Jovita E. Saguibo, Enesto T. Miguel and Marlyn Tombali Part 3: Specialization for Markets or Continued Agrodiversity for Subsistence? A) When Swidden Fallows Become the Domain of Commodity Crops 38. Oil Palm as a Productive Fallow? Swidden Change and new Opportunities in Smallholder Land Management Ole Mertz 39. Where are the Swidden Fallows Now? An Overview of Oil Palm and Dayak Agriculture across Kalimantan, with Case Studies from Sanggau, in West Kalimantan Lesley Potter 40. Busy People, Idle Land: The Changing Roles of swidden Fallows in Sarawak Rob Cramb 41. Socially Constructed Rubber Plantations in the Swidden Landscape of Southwest China Jianchu Xu and Zhuangfang Yi 42. Rubber Plantation, Swidden Agriculture and Indigenous Knowledge: A Case Study of a Bulang Village in Xishuangbanna, China Lun-Yin, Dayuan Xue and Jing Wang 43. Impacts of Smallholder Rubber on Shifting Cultivation and Rural Livelihoods in Northern Laos Vongpaphane Manivong and Rob Cramb 44. From Subsistence Swidden Fallows to Market-oriented Monoculture Production: Drivers of Land Use Change in the Lao PDR in the Context of Market Globalization Paulo Pasicolan and Thatheva Saphangthong 45. Transformation of a Landscape: Shifting Cultivation, Biodiversity, and Tea Janet C. Sturgeon B) Shifting Cultivation on an Island Frontier: An Examination of the Main Swidden Communities in Palawan, the Philippines Sub-edited by James Eder 46. Tree Crops, Fallow Management and Agricultural Settlement in the Cuyonon System of Shifting Cultivation James Eder 47. Governmental Pressures on Swidden Landscapes in Palawan Island, the Philippines Wolfram Dressler 48. Rice-related Knowledge, Farming Strategies and the Transformation of Swiddens Amongst the Batak of Palawan island, the Philippines Dario Novellino Part 4: Conclusions 49. Gender Analysis: Shifting Cultivation and Indigenous People Carol J. Pierce Colfer, Rebakah Daro Minarchek, Malcolm Cairns, Anungla Aier, Amity Doolittle, Valerie Mashman, Helen Hambly Odame, Michelle Roberts, Kathryn Robinson and Penny Van Esterik 50. The Bidayuh of Sarawak: Gender, Spirituality and Swiddens Valerie Mashman and Patricia Nayoi 51. Cartoons about Shifting Cultivation: Using Humour to Emphasize some Important Points Malcolm Cairns 52. Afterword A. Terry Rambo.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415746052 20160618
Shifting cultivation is one of the oldest forms of subsistence agriculture and is still practised by millions of poor people in the tropics. Typically it involves clearing land (often forest) for the growing of crops for a few years, and then moving on to new sites, leaving the earlier ground fallow to regain its soil fertility. This book brings together the best of science and farmer experimentation, vividly illustrating the enormous diversity of shifting cultivation systems as well as the power of human ingenuity. Some critics have tended to disparage shifting cultivation (sometimes called 'swidden cultivation' or 'slash-and-burn agriculture') as unsustainable due to its supposed role in deforestation and land degradation. However, the book shows that such indigenous practices, as they have evolved over time, can be highly adaptive to land and ecology. In contrast, 'scientific' agricultural solutions imposed from outside can be far more damaging to the environment and local communities. The book focuses on successful agricultural strategies of upland farmers, particularly in south and south-east Asia, and presents over 50 contributions by scholars from around the world and from various disciplines, including agricultural economics, ecology and anthropology. It is a sequel to the much praised "Voices from the Forest: Integrating Indigenous Knowledge into Sustainable Upland Farming" (RFF Press, 2007), but all chapters are completely new and there is a greater emphasis on the contemporary challenges of climate change and biodiversity conservation.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415746052 20160618
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
ix, 104 pages : color illustrations ; 25 cm
This booklet highlights the reciprocal relationship between soils and pulses. The ecosystem services provided by soil are presented together with the role of pulses in improving soil health, adapting to and mitigating climate change, and ultimately contributing to food security and nutrition.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789251095010 20170911
Science Library (Li and Ma)

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