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Book
xvi, 401 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
  • Contents Preface Acknowledgments Acronyms, Abbreviations and Symbols 1 Tropical Rainforest Ecosystem, Land Cover, Habitat, Resource 2 Rainforest Use: Necessity, Wisdom, Greed, Folly 3. Sustainable Forestry in Rainforests: Reality or Dream, Hope or Chimaera? 4 Principles and Strategies of Sustainability 5. The Tortuous Road Towards Forest Sustainability in the TRF: cases from which to learn 6. Naturalistic Close-to-Nature-Forestry Management in TRF 7 How to Avoid Forest Degradation or Upgrade Degraded Forest Ecosystems: a classic World Forestry Problem 8. Short-rotation Tree Plantations 9 Forest Management: Doctrine, Muddle or Goal-Orientated System 10 Certification of Forest Management and Timber Origin 11 Where are We and the TRF in 2013? 12 Quo Vadis Silva Tropikos? Appendix 1: Glossary Appendix 2: Biocybernetic Principles of System Design References and Further Reading Index of Species and Major Non- timber Forest Products Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780641409 20170213
This new edition of Conservation and Management of Tropical Rainforests applies the large body of knowledge, experience and tradition available to those who study tropical rainforests. Revised and updated in light of developments in science, technology, economics, politics, etc. and their effects on tropical forests, it describes the principles of integrated conservation and management that lead to sustainability, identifying the unifying phenomena that regulate the processes within the rainforest and that are fundamental to the ecosystem viability. Features of the natural forest and the socio-cultural ecosystems which can be mimicked in the design of self-sustaining forests are also discussed. A holistic approach to the management and conservation of rainforests is developed throughout the book. The focus on South-East Asian forestry will be widened to include Africa and Latin America. Recent controversial issues such as biofuels and carbon credits with respect to tropical forests and their inhabitants will be discussed. This book is a substantial contribution to the literature, it is a valuable resource for all those concerned with rainforests.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780641409 20170213
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxix, 282 pages : illustrations, maps (some color) ; 24 cm.
  • List of Figures Preface Author Chapter 1 Theoretical Background Chapter 2 Historical Background Chapter 3 The Neotropical Region Chapter 4 The Mexican Transition Zone Chapter 5 The Antillean Subregion Chapter 6 The Brazilian Subregion Chapter 7 The Chacoan Subregion Chapter 8 The South American Transition Zone Epilogue References Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138032484 20171030
Neotropical Biogeography: Regionalization and Evolution presents the most comprehensive single-source treatment of the Neotropical region derived from evolutionary biogeographic studies. The book provides a biogeographic regionalization based on distributional patterns of plant and animal taxa, discusses biotic relationships drawn from track and cladistic biogeographic analyses, and identifies cenocrons (subsets of taxa within biotas identified by their common origin and evolutionary history). It includes maps, area cladograms and vegetation profiles. The aim of this reference is to provide a biogeographic regionalization that can be used by graduate students, researchers and other professionals concerned with understanding and describing distributional patterns of plants and animals in the Neotropical region. It covers the 53 biogeographic provinces of the Neotropical region that are classified into the Antillean, Brazilian and Chacoan subregions, and the Mexican and South American transition zones.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138032484 20171030
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxvii, 491 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
The tropics surround the Equator limited in latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. The tropics include all the regions on Earth where the Sun reaches a point directly overhead at least once during the solar year. The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located between the tropic circle of latitude and the 38th parallel in each hemisphere. The tropics and subtropics are home to about 75% of the global human population. Cultural, economic, and political circumstances vary enormously across this vast geography of some 170 countries and territories. The regions not only harbor the world's poorest countries but their human populations are growing disproportionally faster than in temperate zones. Some countries are developing rapidly - Brazil, China, India, and Mexico being obvious examples, while others still remain in the poverty trap. This region contains an astonishing proportion of global biodiversity; some 90% of plant and animal species by some measures. Its contribution to human well-being is astounding. It was the birthplace for our species; and it hosts a myriad of plant and animal species which products feed us, keep us healthy, and supply us with a variety of material goods. The tropics and subtropics are also a natural laboratory where some of humanity's most important scientific discoveries have been made. Such biodiversity has enormous implications for research priorities, capacity building, and policy to address the challenges of conserving this region. Tropical Conservation: Perspectives on Local and Global Priorities drew the majority of its contributors from this growing pool of scientists and practitioners working in Latin America, Africa, and Asia. It introduces important conservation concepts and illustrates their application as the authors directly capture real world experiences in their home countries in preventing biodiversity loss and sustaining ecological health. Today, no part of the world can be viewed in isolation, and we further codify and integrate a range of approaches for addressing global threats to nature and environmental sustainability, including climate change and emerging diseases. Five sections structure the major themes.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780199766987 20170515
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xi, 275 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
  • Acknowledgments
  • Interviews
  • 1. The other world
  • 2. Legends
  • 3. Romancing the rainforest
  • 4. Regeneration
  • 5. Is evolution different in the tropics?
  • 6. Niche construction
  • 7. Rhythms of the forest
  • 8. On the waterfronts
  • 9. The new deal
  • 10. Ecology in disequilibrium
  • 11. The central enigma
  • 12. Liberated from fashionable science
  • 13. Territories, taxonomy, and time
  • 14. Nineteen eighty-nine
  • 15. Biodiversity in heat
  • 16. A continent in the canopy
  • 17. At the root of diversity
  • 18. The other world today
  • Notes
  • Index.
This book is about tropical biology in action- how biologists grapple with the ecology and evolution of the great species diversity in tropical rainforests and coral reefs. Tropical rainforests are home to 50% of all the plant and animal species on earth, though they cover only about 2% of the planet. Coral reefs hold 25% of the world's marine diversity, though they represent only 0.1 % of the world's surface. The increase in species richness from the poles to the tropics has remained enigmatic to naturalists for more than 200 years. How have so many species evolved in the tropics? How can so many species coexist there? At a time when rainforests and coral reefs are shrinking, when the earth is facing what has been called the sixth mass extinction, understanding the evolutionary ecology of the tropics is everyone's business. Despite the fundamental importance of the tropics to all of life on earth, tropical biology has evolved relatively slowly and with difficulties - economic, political, and environmental. This book is also about tropical science in context, situated in the complex socio-political history, and the rich rainforests and coral reefs of Panama. There are no other books on the history of tropical ecology and evolution or on the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Thus situated in historical context, Jan Sapp's aim is to understand how naturalists have studied and conceptualized the great biological diversity and entangled ecology of tropics. This book has potential to be used in tropical biology classes, ecology courses, evolutionary ecology and it could also be useful in classes on the history of biology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780190632441 20170710
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
375 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Introduction to arthropods
  • Small orders
  • True bugs and their kin
  • Beetles
  • Wasps, bees, ants
  • Moths and butterflies
  • Flies and their kin
  • Other arthropods.
"Describes the principal insect groups and other arthropods encountered in a tropical forest in the Americas, and is an introduction to the natural history of insects and other arthropods"-- Provided by publisher.
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
339 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 25 cm
  • Fruits
  • Palms
  • Tubers
  • Spices and herbs.
"Illustrated with photographs taken on location in the plants' natural environment, this field guide describes more than three hundred species of tropical and subtropical species of fruits, tubers, and spices"-- Provided by publisher.
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xv, 429 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Tropical forests are an undervalued asset in meeting the greatest global challenges of our time - averting climate change and promoting development. Despite their importance, tropical forests and their ecosystems are being destroyed at a high and even increasing rate in most forest-rich countries. The good news is that the science, economics, and politics are aligned to support a major international effort over the next five years to reverse tropical deforestation. Why Forests? Why Now? synthesizes the latest evidence on the importance of tropical forests in a way that is accessible to anyone interested in climate change and development and to readers already familiar with the problem of deforestation. It makes the case to decisionmakers in rich countries that rewarding developing countries for protecting their forests is urgent, affordable, and achievable.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781933286853 20170117
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
vi, 397 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 23 cm
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
ix, 340 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 24 cm
  • Introduction - Economic and ecological aspects of diversification of tropical tree crops-- Francois Ruf and Gotz Schroth Chapter 1. Diversification of cocoa farms in Cote d'Ivoire: complementarity of and competition from rubber rent-- Francois Ruf Chapter 2. Coconut farmers and lethal yellowing disease: a case study in two villages in Ghana's Central region-- Jean Ollivier, Philippe Courbet and Richard Democrite Chapter 3. From the coffee-cocoa combination to oil palm cycles: the case of Dabou and Aboisso in Cote d'Ivoire-- Vylie Tientcheu Sayam and Emmanuelle Cheyns Chapter 4. Development of oil palm plantations and orange groves in the heart of the cocoa territory in eastern Ghana-- Isabelle Michel-Dounias, Laure Steer, Emmanuelle Giry, Claude Jannot and Jean-Marie Kalms Chapter 5. Rubber in the kingdom of cocoa. The south-west of Cote d'Ivoire in the 1990s-- Armand Yao and Kouame Fiko Chapter 6. Rubber: natural rent, capitalization rent? West-central Cote d'Ivoire and southern Thailand-- Francois Ruf, Benedicte Chambon, Chaiya Kongmanee Chapter 7. From Firestone to Michelin, a history of rubber cultivation in a cocoa-growing country: Ghana-- Emmanuel Akwasi Owusu and Francois Ruf Chapter 8. Extensive fish farming, a complementary diversification of plantation economies-- Marc Oswald Chapter 9. Determinants in the choice of perennial crops in diversified production systems of rubber growers in south-western Cameroon-- Benedicte Chambon and Simon Gobina MokokoChapter 10. Socio-economic conditions of horticultural diversification in cocoa production systems in southern Cameroon-- Ludovic Temple and Jules-Rene Minkoua Nzie Chapter 11. Agroforestry-based diversification for planting cocoa in the savannah of central Cameroon-- Patrick Jagoret, Frank Enjalric and Eric Malezieux Chapter 12. Diversifying Central American coffee agroforestry systems via revenue of shade trees-- Philippe Vaast, Mario Martinez, Axelle Boulay, Benito Dzib Castillo and Jean-Michel Harmand Chapter 13. Coconut- and cocoa-based agroforestry systems in Vanuatu: a diversification strategy in tune with the farmers' life cycle-- Laurene Feintrenie, Frank Enjalric and Jean Ollivier Chapter 14. The place of cocoa and coconut cultivation in family plantations in peninsular Malaysia-- Pierre Dupraz and Murielle Morisson Chapter 15. Diversification and perennial-crop cycles in Aceh, Indonesia-- Florie Paul, Francois Ruf and Yoddang.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789401772938 20160711
The monoculture systems that have been encouraged by governments since the 1960s have led to major socio-economic and environmental crises. Now the diversification of tree crop systems is advancing throughout the tropics. Why and when does diversification take place? What categories of farmers diversify? What obstacles do they have to overcome, and how do public and private policies interfere in this process? How do land use systems and landscapes evolve as a result of this diversification? According to the authors of this volume, diversification is certainly a response to market risks, but also to the depletion of environmental resources. Ecological changes such as declining soil fertility and increasing pressure from pests, diseases and weeds intensify at the end of monoculture cycles, driving crop change and diversification of farming systems. Through 15 case studies from Africa, Latin America, Asia and the Pacific, the authors provide us with in-depth insights into the economy and ecology of family agriculture and its recent developments.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789401772938 20160711
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
x, 366 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 29 cm
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xi, 291 pages : ill., maps ; 25 cm
Tropical East Asia is home to over one billion people and faces massive human impacts from its rising population and rapid economic growth. It has already lost more than two-thirds of its forest cover and has the highest rates of deforestation and logging in the tropics. Hunting, coupled with the relentless trade in wildlife products, threatens all its large and many of its smaller vertebrates. Despite these problems, the region still supports an estimated 15-25% of global terrestrial biodiversity and is therefore a key area for conservation. Effective conservation action depends on a clear understanding of the ecological patterns and processes in the region. The first edition of The Ecology of Tropical East Asia was the first book to describe the terrestrial ecology of the entire East Asian tropics and subtropics, from southern China to western Indonesia. This second edition updates the contents and extends the coverage to include the very similar ecosystems of northeast India and Bhutan. The book deals with plants, animals, and the ecosystems they inhabit, as well as the diverse threats to their survival and the options for conservation. It provides the background knowledge of the region's ecology needed by both specialists and non-specialists to put their own work into a broader context. The accessible style, comprehensive coverage, and engaging illustrations make this advanced textbook an essential read for senior undergraduate and graduate level students studying the terrestrial ecology of the East Asian tropics, as well as an authoritative reference for professional ecologists, conservationists, and interested amateurs worldwide.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780199681358 20160617
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xii, 260 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm
  • Orchid ecology, diversity and conservation. Biology and ecology
  • Diversity and distribution
  • Conservation
  • Orchid identification. What is an orchid?
  • Illustrated glossary of key orchid characteristics
  • How to use this guide
  • Identification guide to major orchid genera
  • Orchid genus accounts. Structure and terminolgy
  • Acineta through zygopetalum
  • Where to see orchids: nature reserves and conservation sites. Map of tropical America
  • Conservation sites by county.
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
x, 392 pages : illustrations (some col.) ; 24 cm
  • Introduction, Eduardo Alves de Almeidaz Genes and Proteins Related with Biotransformation in Tropical Fishes: Perspectives in Aquatic Toxicology, Juliano Zanette Nuclear Receptors in Fish and Pollutant Interactions, Afonso C.D. Bainy, Jaco J. Mattos and Marilia N. Siebert Fish Neurotoxic Pollutants, Helena Cristina Silva de Assis Pollutants and Oxidative Stress, Francisco Filipak Neto Genotoxicity and Mutagenicity, Marta Margarete Cestari The Use of Fish Biomarkers in the Evaluation of Water Pollution, Thiago E. M. Parente and Rachel Ann Hauser-Davis Blood Parameters of Estuarine and Marine Fish as Non-Destructive Pollution Biomarkers, Seriani, R., Abessa, D.M.S., Pereira, C.D.S., Kirschbaum, A.A., Abujamara, L.D., Buruaem, L.M., Felix, C., Turatti, G.C.R., Prado, L.R.B., Sousa, E.C.P.M. and Ranzani-Paiva, M.J.T. Histopathological Markers in Fish Health Assessment, Ciro Alberto de Oliveira Ribeiro and Marisa Fernandes Narciso Emerging Contaminants and Endocrine System Dysfunction, Daniele Dietrich Moura Costa Nanoecotoxicology in Fish Species, Juliane Ventura-Lima, Alessandra Martins da Rocha, Andre Luis da Rosa Seixas, Carmen Luiza de Azevedo Costa, Isabel Soares Chaves, Josencler Luis Ribas Ferreira, Rafaela Elias Letts, Jose Maria Monserrat Effect of Pollutants in Condition Index, Larissa Paola Rodrigues Venancio and Claudia Regina Bonini Domingos Behavioral Biomarkers and Pollution Risks to Fish Health and Biodiversity, Paulo Sergio Martins de Carvalho.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482212877 20160612
The tropical zone contains the highest diversity of fish species on the planet. Many of these species are being continuously exposed to pollutants that pose serious hazards to fish health thereby posing serious risks for entire fish populations. This book presents information about the different responses of fish to pollutants from the molecular levels to changes in behavior, with emphasis on tropical species. It also discusses current topics such as the adverse effects of emerging compounds like nanoparticles and endocrine disruptor chemicals.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482212877 20160612
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xx, 449 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 23 cm
For decades, conservation and research initiatives in tropical forests have focused almost exclusively on old-growth forests because scientists believed that these "pristine" ecosystems housed superior levels of biodiversity. With Second Growth, Robin L. Chazdon reveals those assumptions to be largely false, bringing to the fore the previously overlooked counterpart to old-growth forest: second growth. Even as human activities result in extensive fragmentation and deforestation, tropical forests demonstrate a great capacity for natural and human-aided regeneration. Although these damaged landscapes can take centuries to regain the characteristics of old growth, Chazdon shows here that regenerating-or second-growth-forests are vital, dynamic reservoirs of biodiversity and enviornmental services. What is more, they always have been. With chapters on the roles these forests play in carbon and nutrient cycling, sustaining biodiversity, providing timber and non-timber products, and integrated agriculture, Second Growth not only offers a thorough and wide-ranging overview of successional and restoration pathways, but also underscores the need to conserve, and further study, regenerating tropical forests in an attempt to inspire a new age of local and global stewardship.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780226118079 20160613
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xvii, 538 pages, 8 unnumbered pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 24 cm
Under threat from natural and human disturbance, tropical dry forests are the most endangered ecosystem in the tropics, yet they rarely receive the scientific or conservation attention they deserve. In a comprehensive overview, Tropical Dry Forests in the Americas: Ecology, Conservation, and Management examines new approaches for data sampling and analysis using remote sensing technology, discusses new ecological and econometric methods, and critically evaluates the socio-economic pressures that these forest are facing at the continental and national levels. The book includes studies from Mexico, Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, and Brazil that provide in-depth knowledge about the function, status, and conservation efforts of these endangered forests. It presents key elements of synthesis from standardized work conducted across all sites. This unique contribution provides new light in terms of these forests compared to each other not only from an ecological perspective but also in terms of the pressures that they are facing, and their respective responses. Written by experts from a diversity of fields, this reference brings together the many facets of function, use, heritage, and future potential of these forests. It presents an important and exciting synthesis of many years of work across countries, disciplines, and cultures. By standardizing approaches for data sampling and analysis, the book gives readers comparison information that cannot be found anywhere else given the high level of disparity that exists in the current literature.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781466512016 20160612
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
252 pages : illustrations (black and white, and colour), maps (black and white, and colour) ; 27 cm.
  • Foreword : up, down, and across the mountains : a new look at the Luquillo Mountains / Ariel E. Lugo
  • Introduction
  • Ecological gradient analyses in a tropical landscape : multiple perspectives and emerging themes / Grizelle González, Michael R. Willig and Robert B. Waide
  • Descriptions of the broader landscape
  • Climate variability at multiple spatial and temporal scales in the Luquillo Mountains, Puerto Rico / Robert B. Waide, Daniel E. Comarazamy, Jorge E. González, Charles A. S. Hall, Ariel E. Lugo, Jeffrey C. Luvall, David J. Murphy, Jorge R. Ortiz-Zayas, Nazario D. Ramírez-Beltran, Frederick N. Scatena and Whendee L. Silver
  • Forest vegetation along environmental gradients in northeastern Puerto Rico / Peter L. Weaver and William A. Gould
  • Soil characteristics, carbon stores, and nutrient distribution in eight forest types along an elevation gradient, eastern Puerto Rico / Chien-Lu Ping, Gary J. Michaelson, Cynthia A. Stiles and Grizelle González
  • Organismal aspects
  • Differential abundance of microbial functional groups along the elevation gradient from the coast to the Luquillo Mountains / Sharon A. Cantrell, D. Jean Lodge, Carlos A. Cruz, Luis M. García, José R. Pérez-Jiménez and Marirosa Molina
  • Litter-based invertebrate communities in forest floor and bromeliad microcosms along an elevational gradient in Puerto Rico / Barbara A. Richardson and Michael J. Richardson
  • Population, community, and metacommunity dynamics of terrestrial gastropods in the Luquillo Mountains : a gradient perspective / Michael R. Willig, Steven J. Presley, Christopher P. Bloch and Javier Alvarez
  • Avian distribution along a gradient of urbanization in northeastern Puerto Rico / Edgar O. Vázquez Plass and Joseph M. Wunderle Jr
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Spatial and temporal heterogeneity of rainfall inorganic ion composition in northeastern Puerto Rico / Ernesto Medina, Grizelle González and Maria M. Rivera
  • Changes in leaf properties across an elevation gradient in the Luquillo Mountains, Puerto Rico / Nancy L. Harris and Ernesto Medina
  • Woody debris characterization along an elevation gradient in northeastern Puerto Rico / Grizelle González and Morgan M. Luce
  • Soil redox dynamics and biogeochemistry along a tropical elevation gradient / Whendee L. Silver, Daniel Liptzin and Maya Almaraz
  • Landscape ecology
  • Landslides cause spatial and temporal gradients at multiple scales in the Luquillo Mountains of Puerto Rico / Aaron B. Shiels and Lawrence R. Walker
  • Using gradient analysis to simulate the spatial structure and function of the Luquillo Experimental Forest / Whitney G. Lash-Marshall, Charles A. S. Hall and Wei Wu
  • A test of the maximum power hypothesis along an elevational gradient in the Luquillo Mountains of Puerto Rico / Nancy L. Harris, Charles A. S. Hall and Ariel E. Lugo
  • Conclusion
  • Advancements in the understanding of spatiotemporal gradients in tropical landscapes : a Luquillo focus and global perspective / Grizelle González, Robert B. Waide and Michael R. Willig.
This volume contains a comprehensive analysis of ecologicalgradients in the Luquillo Mountains of Puerto Rico. This tropical island setting comprises six ecological life zonesand is ideal for studying environmental gradients given dramaticdifferences in temperature and precipitation that are associatedwith a rise in elevation from sea level to more than 1000 m over adistance of 10-15 km. Chapters in this volume cover climatic(e.g., precipitation and energy), abiotic (e.g., nutrients, carbonstores soil characteristics and biogeochemistry), and biotic (e.g., microbes, plants, and animal biodiversity) patterns and responsesto gradients. These original and synthetic research findingsshould be of considerable interest to all concerned withunderstanding the importance of environmental gradients in moldingthe structure and functioning of ecological systems and to thosededicated to managing or conserving complex tropical ecosystems inlight of global change.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118659328 20160612
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxvii, 274 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xii, 588 pages, 13 pages of plates : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (some color) ; 23 cm.
  • The scope of this book
  • Patterns of regional and community diversity
  • The resource base
  • Pollen and seed dispersal and their ecological and genetic consequences
  • Macroevolutionary consequences of pollen and seed dispersal
  • Phylogeny and biogeography of these mutualisms
  • The pollination mutualism
  • The frugivory mutualism
  • Synthesis and conclusions about the ecology and evolution of angiosperm-vertebrate mutualisms
  • The future of vertebrate-angiosperm mutualisms
  • Appendix 1. Overview of the major families of bird and mammal pollinators and seed dispersers
  • Appendix 2. Overview of the major families of plants containing species that are pollinated or dispersed by birds or mammals.
The average kilometer of tropical rainforest is teeming with life; it contains thousands of species of plants and animals. As The Ornaments of Life reveals, many of the most colorful and eye-catching rainforest inhabitants - toucans, monkeys, leaf-nosed bats, and hummingbirds, to name a few - are an important component of the infrastructure that supports life in the forest. These fruit-and-nectar eating birds and mammals pollinate the flowers and disperse the seeds of hundreds of tropical plants, and unlike temperate communities, much of this greenery relies exclusively on animals for reproduction. Synthesizing recent research by ecologists and evolutionary biologists, Theodore H. Fleming and W. John Kress demonstrate the tremendous functional and evolutionary importance of these tropical pollinators and frugivores. They shed light on how these mutually symbiotic relationships evolved and lay out the current conservation status of these essential species. In order to illustrate the striking beauty of these "ornaments" of the rainforest, the authors have included a series of breathtaking color plates and full-color graphs and diagrams.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780226253411 20160612
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xi, 196 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm.
  • 1. The Tropics 2. Shifting Cultivation: Definition, Basic Features and Types 3. Soil Dynamics during Cropping 4. Soil Dynamics during the Fallow Period 5. Fallow Vegetation Dynamics 6. Relationships between Fallow Soil and Vegetation 7. Ecological Succession Theory and Models 8. Theory and Models of Soil Fertility Restoration under Bush Fallow 9. Intensification of Shifting Cultivation 10. Alternative Farming Systems and the Future of Shifting Cultivation.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780640433 20160611
Shifting cultivation is the predominant system of arable farming in the humid and sub-humid tropics, where several hundred million people depend on this system of agriculture for their livelihood. This book documents and systematizes findings in shifting cultivation from over the last six decades, including characterizing secondary succession and relating the changes that fallow vegetation undergoes to the process of soil fertility restoration. This book is essential reading for researchers and students of tropical agriculture and related areas.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780640433 20160611
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxii, 460 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm.
  • Dedication -- Preface -- Chapter 1 - Ecological Paradigms for the Tropics: Old Questions and Continuing Challenges -- Ariel E. Lugo, Robert B. Waide, Michael R. Willig, Todd Crowl, Frederick N. Scatena, Jill Thompson, Whendee Silver, William H. McDowell, and Nicholas Brokaw -- Chapter 2 - Conceptual Overview: Disturbance, Gradients, and Ecological Response -- Bob Waide, Mike Willig -- Chapter 3 - Geographic and Ecological Setting -- W.H. McDowell, F.N. Scatena, R.B. Waide, N. Brokaw, G.R. Camilo, A.P. Covich, T.A. Crowl, G. Gonzalez, E.A. Greathouse, P. Klawinski, D.J. Lodge, A.E. Lugo, , C.M. Pringle, B.A. Richardson, M.J. Richardson, D.A. Schaefer, W.L. Silver, J. Thompson, D. Vogt, K. Vogt, R.B. Waide, M. Willig, L. Woolbright, X. Zou, J. Zimmerman -- Chapter 4 - Disturbance Regime -- F. N. Scatena, F. Blanco, K. Beard, R. Waide, A. E. Lugo, N. Brokaw, W. Silver, B. Haines, J. Zimmerman -- Chapter 5 - Response to Disturbance -- N. Brokaw, J. Zimmerman, M. Willig, G. Camilo, A. Covich, T. Crowl, N. Fetcher, B. Haines, M. Gannon, J. Lodge, A. Lugo, R. Myster, C. Pringle, J. Sharpe, F. Scatena, T. Schowalter, W. Silver, J. Thompson, D. Vogt, K. Vogt, R. Waide, L. Walker, L. Woolbright, J. Wunderle, X. Zou -- Chapter 6 - When and Where Biota Matter: Linking Disturbance Regimes, Species Characteristics and Dynamics of Communities and Ecosystems -- Todd A. Crowl, Nicholas Brokaw, Robert B. Waide, Grizelle Gonzalez, Karen Beard, Effie Greathouse, Ariel E. Lugo, Alan P. Covich, D. Jean Lodge, Catherine Pringle, Jill Thompson, and Gary E. Belovsky -- Chapter 7 - Management Implications and Applications of Long-Term Ecological Research -- Ariel E. Lugo, Frederick N. Scatena, Robert B. Waide, Effie A. Greathouse, Catherine M. Pringle, Michael Willig, Kristiina A. Vogt, Lawrence Walker, Grizelle Gonzalez, William H. McDowell, and Jill Thompson -- Chapter 8 - Long-term Research in the Luquillo Mountains: Synthesis and Foundations for the Future -- Michael R. Willig, Christopher P. Bloch, Alan P. Covich, Charles A. S. Hall, D. Jean Lodge, Ariel E. Lugo, Whendee L. Silver, Robert B. Waide, Lawrence R. Walker, and Jess K. Zimmerman.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780195334692 20160609
Global change threatens ecosystems worldwide, and tropical systems with their high diversity and rapid development are of special concern. We can mitigate the impacts of change if we understand how tropical ecosystems respond to disturbance. For tropical forests and streams in Puerto Rico this book describes the impacts of, and recovery from, hurricanes, landslides, floods, droughts, and human disturbances in the Luquillo Mountains of Puerto Rico. These ecosystems recover quickly after natural disturbances, having been shaped over thousands of years by such events. Human disturbance, however, has longer-lasting impacts. Chapters are by authors with many years of experience in Puerto Rico and other tropical areas and cover the history of research in these mountains, a framework for understanding disturbance and response, the environmental setting, the disturbance regime, response to disturbance, biotic mechanisms of response, management implications, and future directions. The text provides a strong perspective on tropical ecosystem dynamics over multiple scales of time and space.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780195334692 20160609
Science Library (Li and Ma)