Book
xix, 695 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Preface xiii Part 1 Strategies of Affinity Materials 1 Recent Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Methods for Sample Preparation 3 Antonio Martin-Esteban 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 Molecularly Imprinted Solid-phase Extraction 6 1.3 Molecularly Imprinted Solid-phase Microextraction 14 1.4 Molecularly Imprinted Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction 17 1.5 Other Formats 18 1.6 Conclusions 20 References 21 2 A Genuine Combination of Solvent-free Sample Preparation Technique and Molecularly Imprinted Nanomaterials 29 Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri and Prashant K. Sharma 2.1 Introduction 30 2.2 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Modified Fiber for Solid-phase Microextraction 40 2.3 In-tube Solid-phase Microextraction Technique 55 2.4 Monolithic Fiber 58 2.5 Micro-solid-phase Extraction 70 2.6 Stir-bar Sorptive Extraction 73 2.7 Conclusion and Future Scope 76 Acknowledgments 76 Abbreviations 77 References 78 3 Fluorescent Molecularly Imprinted Polymers 89 Kornelia Gawlitza, Wei Wan, Sabine Wagner and Knut Rurack 3.1 Introduction 89 3.2 Classes of Emitters to Endow MIPs with Fluorescence 91 3.3 Fluorescent Molecularly Imprinted Silica 108 3.4 Post-imprinting of MIPs 111 3.5 fMIPs as Labels 113 3.6 Formats for fMIPs 115 3.7 Conclusion 119 References 120 4 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Micro- and Nanotraps for Solid-phase Extraction 129 R dvan Say, Rustem Kecili and Arzu Ersoz 4.1 Introduction 130 4.2 MIPs as SPE Materials 130 4.3 Conclusions 149 References 153 5 Imprinted Carbonaceous Nanomaterials: A Tiny Looking Big Thing in the Field of Selective and Secific Analysis 165 Ekta Roy, Santanu Patra, Rashmi Madhuri and Prashant K. Sharma 5.1 Introduction 166 5.2 Graphene-modified Imprinted Polymer 179 5.3 Carbon Nanotubes-modified Imprinted Polymer 190 5.4 Combination of graphene, CNTs, and MIPs 197 5.5 Graphene Quantum Dots and/or Carbon Dots 198 5.6 Fullerene 201 5.7 Activated carbon 202 5.8 Conclusions 203 Acknowledgments 204 List of abbreviations 204 References 205 6 Molecularly Imprinted Materials for Fiber-optic Sensor Platforms 217 Yavuz Orhan Yaman, Necdet Ba aran, Kubra Karayagiz, Zafer Vatansever, Cengiz Yegin, Onder Haluk Tekba and Mufrettin Murat Sari 6.1 Introduction 218 6.2 Material Aspect: Morphology and Physical Forms of MIPs in FO Sensors 223 6.3 Molecularly Imprinting Technology for Fiber-optic Sensors 231 6.4 State-of-the-art Fiber-optic Sensors Applications Using Molecularly Imprinted Materials 268 6.5 Conclusion 273 References 274 Part 2 Rational Design of MIP for Advanced Applications 7 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Sensors for Biomedical and Environmental Applications 285 Anca Florea, Oana Hosu, Bianca Ciui and Cecilia Cristea 7.1 Introduction 285 7.2 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for Analytes of Biomedical Interest 296 7.3 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for Analytes of Environmental Interest 306 7.4 Conclusion 314 Acknowledgments 316 References 316 8 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers: The Affinity Adsorbents for Environmental Biotechnology 327 Bo Mattiasson and Gizem Erturk 8.1 Introduction 327 8.2 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers 329 8.3 Monomers 329 8.4 Cross-linking Agents 331 8.5 Mode of Polymerization 332 8.6 Cryogels 334 8.7 Process Technology 336 8.8 Applications 338 References 345 9 Molecular Imprinting Technology for Sensing and Separation in Food Safety 353 Baran Onal Ulusoy, Mehmet Odaba i and Ne e Hayat Aksoy 9.1 Food Safety 354 9.2 Food Analysis 355 9.3 Current Separation Methods Used for Food Safety Purposes 356 9.4 What Is MIP? 357 9.5 MIP Applications Used for Food Safety Purposes 359 References 377 10 Advanced Imprinted Materials for Virus Monitoring 389 Zeynep Altintas 10.1 Introduction 390 10.2 Virus Imprinting 393 10.3 Artificial MIP Receptors for Viruses 398 10.4 Virus Monitoring and Detection Using Biomimetic Sensors 399 10.5 Virus Imprinting for Separation Technologies 401 10.6 Conclusions 405 References 406 11 Design and Evaluation of Molecularly Imprinted Polymers as Drug Delivery Systems 413 Andre Luis Morais Ruela and Gislaine Ribeiro Pereira 11.1 Introduction 414 11.2 Synthesis and Characterization of MIPs Intended for Drug Release Using Non-covalent Approaches 418 11.3 Design and Evaluation of Drug Delivery Systems Based on MIPs 436 11.4 Conclusions 445 References 446 12 Molecularly Imprinted Materials for Controlled Release Systems 455 Yagmur Yegin, Gokhan Yilmaz, Omer Karakoc, Cengiz Yegin, Servet Cete, Mustafa Akbulut and Mufrettin Murat Sari 12.1 Introduction 456 12.2 Selectivity, Release Mechanism and Functionality of MIPs-based CR Systems 459 12.3 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers Production for Controlled Release 482 12.4 Controlled Release Applications Using Molecularly Imprinted Materials-based Controlled Release 491 12.5 Conclusion 506 References 507 13 Molecular Imprinting: The Creation of Biorecognition Imprints on the Biosensor Surfaces 523 Gizem Erturk and Bo Mattiasson 13.1 Introduction 523 13.2 Molecular Imprinting 524 13.3 Microcontact Imprinting 525 13.4 Capacitive Biosensors 529 13.5 Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensors 541 13.6 Concluding Remarks 549 References 550 14 Molecular Imprinted Polymers for Sensing of Volatile Organic Compounds in Human Body Odor 561 Sunil Kr. Jha 14.1 Introduction 562 14.2 MIP-QCM Sensor Array Preparation 573 14.3 Chemical Vapor Sensing 576 14.4 Analysis Outcomes 603 14.5 Conclusion 624 Acknowledgments 624 References 624 15 Development of Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Microcantilever Sensor System 637 Meltem Okan and Memed Duman 15.1 Introduction to Mass Sensors 637 15.2 Principles of Mass Sensors 640 15.4 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Technology 655 15.5 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based QCM Sensors 658 15.6 Ongoing Studies on Molecularly Imprinted Polymers-based Microcantilevers 661 Acknowledgments 669 References 669.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119336297 20161213
Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are an important functional material because of their potential implications in diverse research fields. The materials have been developed for a range of uses including separation, environmental, biomedical and sensor applications. In this book, the chapters are clustered into two main sections: Strategies to be employed when using the affinity materials, and rational design of MIPs for advanced applications. In the first part, the book covers the recent advances in producing MIPs for sample design, preparation and characterizations. In the second part, the chapters demonstrate the importance and novelty of creation of recognition imprinted on the materials and surfaces for a range of microbial detection sensors in the biomedical, environmental and food safety fields as well as sensing human odor and virus monitoring systems. Part 1: Strategies of affinity materials * Molecularly imprinted polymers * MIP nanomaterials * Micro- and nanotraps for solid phase extraction * Carbonaceous affinity nanomaterials * Fluorescent MIPs * MIP-based fiber optic sensors Part 2: Rational design of MIP for advanced applications * MIP-based biomedical and environmental sensors * Affinity adsorbents for environmental biotechnology * MIP in food safety * MIP-based virus monitoring * MIP-based drug delivery and controlled release * Biorecognition imprints on the biosensor surfaces * MIP-based sensing of volatile organic compounds in human body odour * MIP-based microcantilever sensor system.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119336297 20161213
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xvi, 399 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
  • Process Analysis - The Importance of Mass and Energy Balances-- Introduction to Chemical Reaction Engineering-- Concepts of Fluid Flow-- An Introduction to Heat Transfer-- An Introduction to Mass-Transfer Operations-- Scale-Up in Chemical Engineering-- An Introduction to Particle Systems-- An Introduction to Process Control-- Economic Appraisal of Large Projects-- Process and Personal Safety-- Engineering Statistics. Process Integration, and Experimental Design-- Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782623588 20161114
Based on a former popular course of the same title, Concepts of Chemical Engineering for Chemists outlines the basic aspects of chemical engineering for chemistry professionals. It clarifies the terminology used and explains the systems methodology approach to process design and operation for chemists with limited chemical engineering knowledge. The book provides practical insights into all areas of chemical engineering with well explained worked examples and case studies. The new edition contains a revised chapter on Process Analysis and two new chapters "Process and Personal Safety" and "Systems Integration and Experimental Design", the latter drawing together material covered in the previous chapters so that readers can design and test their own pilot process systems. This book is a guide for chemists (and other scientists) who either work alongside chemical engineers or who are undertaking chemical engineering-type projects and who wish to communicate with their colleagues and understand chemical engineering principles.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782623588 20161114
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
ix, 308 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm
  • Preface IX 1 Introduction to Directed Evolution 1 1.1 General Definition and Purpose of Directed Evolution of Enzymes 1 1.2 Brief Account of the History of Directed Evolution 4 1.3 Applications of Directed Evolution of Enzymes 16 References 17 2 Selection versus Screening in Directed Evolution 27 2.1 Selection Systems 27 2.2 Screening Systems 44 2.3 Conclusions and Perspectives 52 References 53 3 Gene Mutagenesis Methods 59 3.1 Introductory Remarks 59 3.2 Error-Prone Polymerase Chain Reaction (epPCR) and Other Whole-Gene Mutagenesis Techniques 60 3.3 Saturation Mutagenesis: Away from Blind Directed Evolution 70 3.4 Recombinant Gene Mutagenesis Methods 85 3.5 Circular Permutation and Other Domain Swapping Techniques 91 3.6 Solid-Phase Combinatorial Gene Synthesis for Library Creation 92 3.7 Computational Tools 96 References 101 4 Strategies for Applying Gene Mutagenesis Methods 115 4.1 General Guidelines 115 4.2 Rare Cases of Comparative Studies 118 4.3 Choosing the Best Strategy when Applying Saturation Mutagenesis 130 4.3.1 General Guidelines 130 4.3.2 Choosing Optimal Pathways in Iterative Saturation Mutagenesis (ISM) 135 4.3.3 Systematization of Saturation Mutagenesis 142 4.3.4 Single Code Saturation Mutagenesis (SCSM): Use of a Single Amino Acid as Building Block 149 4.3.5 Triple Code Saturation Mutagenesis (TCSM): A Viable Compromise when Choosing the Optimal Reduced Amino Acid Alphabet 151 4.4 Techno-Economical Analyses of Saturation Mutagenesis Strategies 154 4.5 Combinatorial Solid-Phase Gene Synthesis: An Alternative for the Future? 159 References 160 5 Selected Examples of Directed Evolution of Enzymes with Emphasis on Stereo- and Regioselectivity, Substrate Scope, and/or Activity 167 5.1 Explanatory Remarks 167 5.2 Collection of Selected Examples from the Literature 2010 up to 2016 189 References 189 6 Directed Evolution of Enzyme Robustness 205 6.1 Introduction 205 6.2 Application of epPCR and DNA Shuffling 207 6.3 B-FIT Approach 211 6.4 Iterative Saturation Mutagenesis (ISM) at Protein Protein Interfacial Sites for Multimeric Enzymes 215 6.5 Ancestral and Consensus Approaches and their Structure-Guided Extensions 216 6.6 Computationally Guided Methods 219 6.6.1 SCHEMA Approach 219 6.6.2 FRESCO Approach 221 6.6.3 FireProt Approach 223 6.6.4 Constrained Network Analysis (CNA) Approach 224 6.6.5 Alternative Approaches 226 References 227 7 Directed Evolution of Promiscuity: Artificial Enzymes as Catalysts in Organic Chemistry 237 7.1 Introductory Background Information 237 7.2 Tuning the Catalytic Profile of Promiscuous Enzymes by Directed Evolution 245 7.3 Conclusions and Perspectives 259 References 260 8 Learning from Directed Evolution 267 8.1 Background Information 267 8.2 Case Studies Featuring Mechanistic, Structural, and/or Computational Analyses of the Source of Evolved Stereo- and/or Regioselectivity 269 8.2.1 Epoxide Hydrolase 269 8.2.2 Ene-Reductase of the Old Yellow Enzyme (OYE) 273 8.2.3 Esterase 279 8.2.4 Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenase 282 8.3 Additive versus Non-additive Mutational Effects in Fitness Landscapes 287 References 296 Index 303.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527316601 20170130
Authored by one of the world's leading organic chemists, this authoritative reference provides an overview of basic strategies in directed evolution and introduces common gene mutagenesis, screening and selection methods. Throughout the text, emphasis is placed on methodology development to maximize efficiency, reliability and speed of the experiments and to provide guidelines for efficient protein engineering. Professor Reetz highlights the application of directed evolution experiments to address limitations in the field of enzyme selectivity, substrate scope, activity and robustness. He critically reviews recent developments and case studies, takes a look at future applications in the field of organic synthesis, and concludes with lessons learned from previous experiments.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527316601 20170130
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxxiv, 607 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
  • List of Figures Xi List of Tables Xvii Abbreviations Xix Glossary Xxiii 1 Process Safety and Safe Automation 1 1.1 Objective 7 1.2 Scope 9 1.3 Limitations 9 1.4 Target Audience 11 1.5 Incidents That Define Safe Automation 13 1.6 Overview of the Contents 18 1.7 Key Differences 21 2 The Role of Automation in Process Safety 23 2.1 Process Operations 23 2.2 Plant Automation 33 2.3 A Framework for Process Safety 42 2.4 Risk-Based Design 54 2.5 Risk Management of Existing Facility 78 3 Automation Specification 83 3.1 Process Automation Lifecycle 83 3.2 Functional Specification 91 3.3 Designing For Operating Objectives 92 3.4 Inherently Safer Practices 104 3.5 Designing for Core Attributes 107 3.6 Control and Safety System Integration 133 4 Design And Implementation Of Process Control Systems 153 4.1 Input and Output Field Signal Types 161 4.2 Basic Application Program Functions 162 4.3 Process Control Objectives 165 4.4 Process Controller Technology Selection 172 4.5 Detailed Application Program Design 194 5 Design and Implementation of Safety Controls, Alarms, and Interlocks (SCAI) 211 5.1 SCAI Classification 215 5.2 Design Considerations 220 5.3 SCAI Technology Selection 244 6 Administrative Controls and Monitoring 265 6.1 Introduction 265 6.2 Automation Organization Management 266 6.3 Process Safety Information 269 6.4 Operating Procedures 273 6.5 Maintenance Planning 291 6.6 Human and Systematic Failure Management 303 6.7 Management of Change 316 6.8 Auditing, Monitoring and Metrics 321 Appendix A. Control System Considerations 329 Appendix B. Power, Grounding, and Shielding 371 Appendix C. Communications 391 C.1 Communication Classifications 391 C.2 Common Communication Network Topologies 395 C.3 Communication between Devices 397 C.4 Wireless Communication 400 C.5 Common Communication Configurations 403 C.6 Common Data Communication Issues 407 C.7 Process Control and Safety System Communications 412 C.8 SCAI Communications 419 Appendix D. Alarm Management 423 D.1 Alarms 423 D.2 Standards and Resources 423 D.3 Alarm Management 423 D.4 Managing the Safety Aspects Of Alarms 436 D.5 Alarm System Performance Benchmarking 437 D.6 Alarm Management Software 438 Appendix E. Field Device Considerations 441 E.1 General Signal Safety 441 E.2 Field Device Selection 458 E.3 Flow Measurement 465 E.4 Pressure Measurement 475 E.5 Level Measurement 476 E.6 Temperature Measurement 487 E.7 On-Stream Process Analysis 489 E.8 Automated Valves 493 E.9 Electric Motors 504 E.10 Steam Turbine Variable Speed Drives 505 Appendix F. Sis Equipment Selection 511 F.1 Selection Basis 511 F.2 Additional Considerations 518 Appendix G. Human Machine Interface Design 529 G.1 General 529 G.2 Operator Interface Standards and Resources 531 G.3 Instrument Panels 533 G.4 Configurable Operator Workstations 534 G.5 Process Alarms 538 G.6 Sis Impact on HMI 545 G.7 Control-Center Environment 545 G.8 Video 546 G.9 Operator Interfaces Of Future 546 G.10 HMI Considerations Checklist 547 Appendix H. Application Programming 551 H.1 Software Types 551 H.2 Application Program Development 552 H.3 Application Programming Languages 554 H.4 Application Program Developmental Models 556 H.5 Process Control Application Program 557 H.6 SCAI Application Program 563 Appendix I. Instrument Reliability Program 565 I.1 Introduction 565 I.2 Tracking Failure 566 I.3 Data Taxonomy 568 I.4 Data Collection Efforts 569 I.5 Failure Investigation 571 I.6 Calculation of Failure Rate 572 I.7 Verification 576 Appendix J. Acceptance Testing Guidelines 581 J.1 Acceptance Testing 581 J.2 Standards 581 J.3 Factory Acceptance Test 582 J.4 Site Acceptance Test (SAT) 589 Index 597.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118949498 20170213
This book provides designers and operators of chemical process facilities with a general philosophy and approach to safe automation, including independent layers of safety. An expanded edition, this book includes a revision of original concepts as well as chapters that address new topics such as use of wireless automation and Safety Instrumented Systems. This book also provides an extensive bibliography to related publications and topic-specific information.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118949498 20170213
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxiii, 696 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xix, 338 pages, 12 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm
  • Preface, vii Acknowledgements, ix Introduction to biotechnology lab, xi About the companion website, xix Part I: METHODS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY (MB) LABORATORY EXERCISES 1 1 MB experiment 1: Lab measurements, 3 2 MB experiment 2: Use of the spectrophotometer and Beer s law, 9 3 MB experiment 3: Making solutions and buffer efficacy, 15 4 MB experiment 4: Acid base titration, 19 5 MB experiment 5: Protein denaturation and precipitation, 23 6 MB experiment 6: Bacterial transformation, 27 7 MB experiment 7: GFP purification, 33 8 MB experiment 8: SDS-PAGE analysis, 37 9 MB experiment 9: DNA isolation, 41 10 MB experiment 10: PCR-based Alu-human DNA typing, 45 11 MB experiment 11: Restriction enzyme digestion, 51 12 MB experiment 12: Agarose gel electrophoresis, 53 13 MB experiment 13: Ouchterlony and ELISA immunoassays, 57 14 MB experiment 14: Testing plant substances for antimicrobial activity, 63 15 MB experiment 15: Peroxidase enzyme activity assay, 67 Part II: ADVANCED METHODS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY (AMB) 1 LABORATORY EXERCISES 71 16 AMB 1 experiment 16: Aseptic technique and culture handling, 73 17 AMB 1 experiment 17: Yeast culture media preparation, 77 18 AMB 1 experiment 18: Growth curve, 79 19 AMB 1 experiment 19: Mini plasmid prep, 83 20 AMB 1 experiment 20: Restriction digestion, purification, concentration, and quantification of DNA, 87 21 AMB 1 experiment 21: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), 91 22 AMB 1 experiment 22: TA, blunt end, SLIC, and CPEC cloning of PCR product, 97 23 AMB 1 experiment 23: One-step multifragment assembly cloning, 103 24 AMB 1 experiment 24: Restriction enzyme digestion and fast agarose gel electrophoresis, 111 25 AMB 1 experiment 25: Southern blot transfer, 117 26 AMB 1 experiment 26: Probe labeling and purification, 121 27 AMB 1 experiment 27: Dot blot assay, 125 28 AMB 1 experiment 28: Pre-hybridization, hybridization, and detection, 127 29 AMB 1 experiment 29: Total yeast RNA isolation and RT-PCR, 131 30 AMB 1 experiment 30: Yeast-based in vivo recombination cloning, 139 31 AMB 1 experiment 31: Plasmid DNA isolation from yeast, 143 32 AMB 1 experiment 32: E. coli transformation with yeast plasmid DNA, 145 33 AMB 1 experiment 33: X-gal filter lift assay, 147 34 AMB 1 experiment 34: Protein quantitation assay, 149 35 AMB 1 experiment 35: Quantitative -Galactosidase assay in yeast, 155 36 AMB 1 experiment 36: Gel filtration chromatography (GFC), 161 37 AMB 1 experiment 37: Ion exchange chromatography (IEC), 165 Part III: ADVANCED METHODS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY (AMB) 2 LABORATORY EXERCISES 169 38 AMB 2 experiment 38: E. coli culture media preparation, 171 39 AMB 2 experiment 39: Site-directed mutagenesis, 175 40 AMB 2 experiment 40: Protein expression in E. coli, 179 41 AMB 2 experiment 41: Protein purification by affinity column chromatography, 187 42 AMB 2 experiment 42: SDS-PAGE analysis of affinity column fractions, 193 43 AMB 2 experiment 43: Western blot analysis of affinity column fractions, 199 44 AMB 2 experiment 44: Yeast media preparation and phenotypic analysis of yeast strains, 203 45 AMB 2 experiment 45: Yeast transformation for yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) assay and genome editing by CRISPR-Cas system, 209 46 AMB 2 experiment 46: Yeast mating-mediated Y2H assay and genomic PCR, 215 47 AMB 2 experiment 47: Yeast colony PCR screening and cycle DNA sequencing, 221 48 AMB 2 experiment 48: DNA sequencing electrophoresis, 227 49 AMB 2 experiment 49: RNA interference, 237 50 AMB 2 experiment 50: Protein preparation for 2D gel electrophoresis, 241 51 AMB 2 experiment 51: Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, 245 Part IV: APPENDICES 253 1 Methods in Biotechnology Appendix 1, 255 2 MB Appendix 2, 261 3 MB Appendix 3, 265 4 MB Appendix 4, 267 5 AMB 1 Appendix 1, 271 6 AMB 1 Appendix 2, 281 7 AMB 1 Appendix 3, 287 8 AMB 1 Appendix 4, 291 9 AMB 1 Appendix 5, 297 10 AMB 2 Appendix 1, 299 11 AMB 2 Appendix 2, 307 12 AMB 2 Appendix 3, 313 13 AMB 2 Appendix 4, 317 14 AMB 2 Appendix 5, 319 15 AMB 2 Appendix 6, 321 16 AMB 2 Appendix 7, 325 Glossary, 327 Abbreviations, 335 Index, 337.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119156789 20161114
As rapid advances in biotechnology occur, there is a need for a pedagogical tool to aid current students and laboratory professionals in biotechnological methods; Methods in Biotechnology is an invaluable resource for those students and professionals. Methods in Biotechnology engages the reader by implementing an active learning approach, provided advanced study questions, as well as pre- and post-lab questions for each lab protocol. These self-directed study sections encourage the reader to not just perform experiments but to engage with the material on a higher level, utilizing critical thinking and troubleshooting skills. This text is broken into three sections based on level Methods in Biotechnology, Advanced Methods in Biotechnology I, and Advanced Methods in Biotechnology II. Each section contains 14-22 lab exercises, with instructor notes in appendices as well as an answer guide as a part of the book companion site. This text will be an excellent resource for both students and laboratory professionals in the biotechnology field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119156789 20161114
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
ix, 502 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xl, 1109 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
The Definitive, Up-to-Date, Student-Friendly Guide to Separation Process Engineering-With More Mass Transfer Coverage and a New Chapter on Crystallization Separation Process Engineering, Fourth Edition, is the most comprehensive, accessible guide available on modern separation processes and the fundamentals of mass transfer. In this completely updated edition, Phillip C. Wankat teaches each key concept through detailed, realistic examples using real data-including up-to-date simulation practice and spreadsheet-based exercises. Wankat thoroughly covers each separation process, including flash, column, and batch distillation; exact calculations and shortcut methods for multicomponent distillation; staged and packed column design; absorption; stripping; and more. This edition provides expanded coverage of mass transfer and diffusion, so faculty can cover separations and mass transfer in one course. Detailed discussions of liquid-liquid extraction, adsorption, chromatography, and ion exchange prepare students for advanced work. Wankat presents coverage of membrane separations, including gas permeation, reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, pervaporation, and applications. An updated chapter on economics and energy conservation in distillation adds coverage of equipment costs. This edition contains more than 300 new, up-to-date homework problems, extensively tested in undergraduate courses at Purdue University and the University of Canterbury (New Zealand). Coverage includes * New chapter on crystallization from solution, including equilibrium, chemical purity, crystal size distribution, and pharmaceutical applications* Thirteen up-to-date Aspen Plus process simulation labs, adaptable to any simulator* Eight detailed Aspen Chromatography labs* Extensive new coverage of ternary stage-by-stage distillation calculations* Fraction collection and multicomponent calculations for simple batch distillation* New mass transfer analysis sections on numerical solution for variable diffusivity* Mass transfer to expanding or contracting objects, including ternary mass transfer* Expanded coverage of pervaporation* Updated Excel spreadsheets offering more practice with distillation, diffusion, mass transfer, and membrane separation problems.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780133443653 20161108
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
lxiii, 964 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm + 1 DVD-ROM (4 3/4 in.)
Advances in Industrial Mixing is a companion volume and update to the Handbook of Industrial Mixing. The second volume fills in gaps for a number of industries that were not covered in the first edition. Significant changes in five of the fundamental areas are covered in entirely updated or new chapters. The original text is provided as a searchable pdf file on the accompanying USB. * This book explains industrial mixers and mixing problems clearly and concisely. * Gives practical insights by the top professionals in the field, combining industrial design standards with fundamental insight. * Details applications in 14 key industries. Six of these are new since the first edition. * Provides the professional with information he/she did not receive in school. * Five completely rewritten chapters on mixing fundamentals where significant advances have happened since the first edition and seven concise update chapters which summarize critical technical information.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780470523827 20160619
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xix, 545 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
  • Differential Equations Introduction ODE Model Development References First-Order Ordinary Differential Equations Linear Equations Additional Information on Linear Equations Nonlinear Equations Problem Setup Problems References Linear Second-Order and Systems of First-Order Ordinary Differential Equations Introduction Fundamental Solutions of Homogeneous Equations Homogeneous Equations with Constant Coefficients Nonhomogeneous Equations Variable Coefficient Problems Alternative Methods Applications of Second-Order Differential Equations Systems of First-Order Ordinary Differential Equations Problems References Sturm-Liouville Problems Introduction Classification of Sturm-Liouville Problems Eigenfunction Expansion Problems References Fourier Series and Integrals Introduction Fourier Coefficients Arbitrary Interval Cosine and Sine Series Convergence of Fourier Series Fourier Integrals Problems References Partial Differential Equations Introduction Separation of Variables Nonhomogeneous Problem and Eigenfunction Expansion Laplace Transform Methods Combination of Variables Fourier Integral Methods Regular Perturbation Approaches Problems References Applications of Partial Differential Equations in Chemical Engineering Introduction Heat Transfer Mass Transfer Comparison between Heat and Mass Transfer Results Simultaneous Diffusion and Convection Simultaneous Diffusion and Chemical Reaction Simultaneous Diffusion, Convection, and Chemical Reaction Viscous Flow Problems References Dimensional Analysis and Scaling of Boundary Value Problems Introduction Classical Approach to Dimensional Analysis Finding the PIs Scaling Boundary Value Problems Problems References Selected Numerical Methods and Available Software Packages Introduction and Philosophy Solution of Nonlinear Algebraic Equations Solution of Simultaneous Linear Algebraic Equations Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations Summary Problems References Appendices Elementary Properties of Determinants and Matrices Numerical Method of Lines Example Using MATLAB(R) Program for a Transport and Binding Kinetics Model of an Analyte Programmed Model of a Drug Delivery System.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781466552999 20160619
Focusing on the application of mathematics to chemical engineering, Applied Mathematical Methods for Chemical Engineers addresses the setup and verification of mathematical models using experimental or other independently derived data. The book provides an introduction to differential equations common to chemical engineering, followed by examples of first-order and linear second-order ordinary differential equations. Later chapters examine Sturm-Liouville problems, Fourier series, integrals, linear partial differential equations, regular perturbation, combination of variables, and numerical methods emphasizing the method of lines with MATLAB(R) programming examples. Fully revised and updated, this Third Edition: * Includes additional examples related to process control, Bessel Functions, and contemporary areas such as drug delivery * Introduces examples of variable coefficient Sturm-Liouville problems both in the regular and singular types * Demonstrates the use of Euler and modified Euler methods alongside the Runge-Kutta order-four method * Inserts more depth on specific applications such as nonhomogeneous cases of separation of variables * Adds a section on special types of matrices such as upper- and lower-triangular matrices * Presents a justification for Fourier-Bessel series in preference to a complicated proof * Incorporates examples related to biomedical engineering applications * Illustrates the use of the predictor-corrector method * Expands the problem sets of numerous chapters Applied Mathematical Methods for Chemical Engineers, Third Edition uses worked examples to expose several mathematical methods that are essential to solving real-world process engineering problems.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781466552999 20160619
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xvii, 398 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm
  • List of contributors-- Preface-- 1. Biochar in the view of climate change mitigation: the FOREBIOM experience Viktor J. Bruckman, Michaela Klinglmuller and Milutin Milenkovic-- Part I. The Interdisciplinary Approach: 2. A supply chain approach to biochar systems Nathaniel M. Anderson, Richard D. Bergman and Deborah S. Page-Dumroese-- 3. Life cycle analysis of biochar Richard D. Bergman, Hongmei Gu, Deborah S. Page-Dumroese and Nathaniel M. Anderson-- 4. Systems integration in European forestry: drivers and strategies Saran P. Sohi-- 5. Biochar as an integrated and decentralised environmental management tool in the Botanic Garden Berlin-Dahlem Robert Wagner, Rene Schatten, Kathrin Rossler, Ines Vogel and Konstantin Terytze-- Part II. Sustainable Biomass Resources: 6. An Integrated approach to assess sustainable forest biomass potentials at country level Michael Englisch, Thomas Gschwantner, Thomas Ledermann and Klaus Katzensteiner-- 7. Sustainable biomass potentials from coppice forests for pyrolysis: chances and limitations Valeriu-Norocel Nicolescu, Eduard Hochbichler and Viktor J. Bruckman-- 8. Towards environmental and economic sustainability via biomass industry: the Malaysian case study Tang Kok Mun, Wan Asma Ibrahim and Wan Rashidah Kadir-- 9. Carbon sequestration potential of forest biomass in Turkey Betul Uygur and Yusuf Serengil-- Part III. Biochar Production (Pyrolysis): 10. Biochar production Frederik Ronsse-- 11. Biomass pyrolysis for biochar production: kinetics, energetics and economics Byungho Song-- 12. Pyrolysis: a sustainable way from biomass to biofuels and biochar Basak B. Uzun, Esin Apaydin-Varol and Ersan Putun-- 13. The role of biochar production for sustainable development in Thailand, Lao PDR and Cambodia Maliwan Haruthaithanasan, Orracha Sae-Tun, Natthaphol Lichaikul, Soktha Ma, Sithong Thongmanivong and Houngphet Chanthavong-- Part IV. Biochar Application as a Soil Amendment: 14. Biochar applications to agricultural soils in temperate climate - more than carbon sequestration? Gerhard Soja, Elena Anders, Jannis Bucker, Sonja Feichtmair, Stefan Gunczy, Jasmin Karer, Barbara Kitzler, Michaela Klinglmuller, Stefanie Kloss, Maximilian Lauer, Volker Liedtke, Franziska Rempt, Andrea Watzinger, Bernhard Wimmer, Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern and Franz Zehetner-- 15. Opportunities and uses of biochar on forest sites in North America Deborah S. Page-Dumroese, Mark D. Coleman and Sean C. Thomas-- 16. The role of mycorrhizae and biochar on plant growth and soil quality Ibrahim Ortas-- 17. The use of stable isotopes in understanding the impact of biochar on the nitrogen cycle Rebecca Hood-Nowotny-- 18. Biochar amendment experiments in Thailand: practical examples Thavivongse Sriburi and Saowanee Wijitkosum-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107117099 20170206
Climate change poses a fundamental threat to humanity, and thus solutions for both mitigation and adaptation strategies are becoming increasingly necessary. Biochar can offer a range of environmental services, such as reclamation of degraded land, improvement of soil fertility and carbon sequestration. However, it also raises questions, regarding sustainable feedstock provision, biomass pyrolysis, and soil amendment. These questions, among various others, are addressed in this state-of-the-art compendium. Covering a broad geographical range, with regional assessments from North America, Europe, the Near East, and Southeast Asia, this interdisciplinary volume focuses on the entire biochar supply chain, from the availability and economics of biomass resources, to pyrolysis, and ultimately to the impacts on soil properties. The combination of theory with practical examples makes this a valuable book for researchers, policymakers, and graduate students alike, in fields such as soil science, sustainable development, climate change mitigation, biomass and bioenergy, forestry, and environmental engineering.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107117099 20170206
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xv, 364 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Preface Section 1: Biohydrogen Production Thermophilic Biohydrogen Production: Challenges at the Industrial Scale-- Sudhir Kumar, Aditya Bhalla, Mohit Bibra, Jia Wang, Kayla Morisette, Subramanian M. Raj, David Salem, and Rajesh K. Sani Bio-hydrogen Production: Current Trends and Future Prospects-- Vinita Mishra and Isha Srivastava Section 2: Microbial Fuel Cells Microbial Fuel Cells: A Promising Alternative Energy Source-- M. J. Angelaa Lincy, B. Ashokkumar, M. Vasantha, and P. Varalakshmi Challenges to and Opportunities in Microbial Fuel Cells-- J. Jayapriya and V. Ramamurthy Systems Biology Approaches for Microbial Fuel Cell Applications-- Navanietha Krishnaraj. R, and Jong-Sung Yu Section 3: Bioethanol Production Potentials of Oscillatoria annae in Producing Bioethanol by Degradation of Selected Lignocellulosics-- P.Malliga, V. Viswajith, D. Malini, and R. Sabitha Challenges in Harnessing the Potential of Lignocellulosic Biofuels and the Probable Combating Strategies-- Lakshmi Shri Roy, Vijay Kumar Garlapati, and Rintu Banerjee Section 4: Biodesel Production Biodiesel: Production, Opportunities and Challenges-- Deeksha An Overview Of Reactor Designs for Biodesel Production-- Vijay Kumar Garlapati, Lakshmi Shri Roy, and Rintu Banerjee Studies on the Effect of Antioxidants on the Long-Term Storage Stability and Oxidation Stability of Pongamia pinnata and Jatropha curcus Biodiesel-- A. Obadiah and S. Vasanth Kumar Effect of Fungal Biotic Stress on Physic Nut (Jatropha curcas L.)-- Seweta Srivastava and Asha Sinhda Section 5: Catalysis for Biofuels A Chemist's Perspective on Bioenergy: Opportunities and Challenges-- Sannapaneni Janardan, B. B. Pavankumar, Shivendu Ranjan, Nandita Dasguptand, Melvin Samuel, Chidambaram Ramalingam, Akella Sivaramakrishna, and Kari Vijayakrishna Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781771881098 20160619
Energy is one of the prime needs of the modern world, and energy demands have been rapidly increasing in the recent years owing to rapid advancements in industrialization and population explosion. Conventional fossil fuels are being depleted at rapid rates, and the use of conventional sources such as coal or nuclear sources cause several hazards to the environment. New sources of fuel, such as bioenergy, are an ideal option for fulfilling ever-increasing energy demands. This important book offers an exploration of these alternate fuel sources, including biohydrogen, microbial fuel cells, bioethanol, and biodiesel production, focusing on the challenges and factors hindering the real-time application of these bioenergy sources. Researchers all over the world are working in this energy sector, and this has led to drastic improvements in bioenergy research. However, the technology gap between research and industrial application still exists. This important book offers engineers and technologists from different disciplines valuable information on this multifaceted field. The field of bioenergy is interdisciplinary, requiring the knowledge of biologists, chemists, physicists, and engineers. Exploring the current trends and future prospects for biofuels, the information presented in this book will be valuable to the international industrial community for identifying new options to circumvent problems that exist in bioenergy applications. Topics include: * Thermophilic biohydrogen production * Bio-hydrogen production * Microbial fuel cells as a promising alternative energy source * Microbial fuel cell applications * Potential of Pscillatoria annae in producing bioethanol * Potential of lignocellulosic biofuels * Biodiesel production * Reactor designs for biodesel production * Long-term storage stability of Pongamia pinnata and Jatropha curcus biodiesel.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781771881098 20160619
Science Library (Li and Ma)

13. Biotechnology [2016]

Book
xv, 833 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 29 cm
Biotechnology, Second Edition approaches modern biotechnology from a molecular basis, which has grown out of increasing biochemical understanding of genetics and physiology. Using straightforward, less-technical jargon, Clark and Pazdernik introduce each chapter with basic concepts that develop into more specific and detailed applications. This up-to-date text covers a wide realm of topics including forensics, bioethics, and nanobiotechnology using colorful illustrations and concise applications. In addition, the book integrates recent, relevant primary research articles for each chapter, which are presented on an accompanying website. The articles demonstrate key concepts or applications of the concepts presented in the chapter, which allows the reader to see how the foundational knowledge in this textbook bridges into primary research. This book helps readers understand what molecular biotechnology actually is as a scientific discipline, how research in this area is conducted, and how this technology may impact the future. * Up-to-date text focuses on modern biotechnology with a molecular foundation* Includes clear, color illustrations of key topics and concept* Features clearly written without overly technical jargon or complicated examples* Provides a comprehensive supplements package with an easy-to-use study guide, full primary research articles that demonstrate how research is conducted, and instructor-only resources.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780123850157 20160618
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
x, 399 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 28 cm
  • Preface IX Preface to the 2nd edition X Introduction 1 Introduction Early developments 2 Biotechnology today 4 Microbiology Viruses 6 Bacteriophages 8 Microorganisms 10 Bacteria 12 Yeasts 14 Fungi 16 Algae 18 Some bacteria of importance for biotechnology 20 Microorganisms: isolation, preservation, safety 22 Microorganisms: strain improvement 24 Biochemistry Biochemistry 26 Amino acids, peptides, proteins 28 Enzymes: structure, function, kinetics 30 Sugars, glycosides, oligo- and polysaccharides 32 Lipids, membranes, membrane proteins 34 Metabolism 36 Genetic engineering DNA: structure 38 DNA: function 40 RNA 42 Genetic engineering: general steps 44 Preparation of DNA 46 Other useful enzymes for DNA manipulation 48 PCR: general method 50 PCR: laboratory methods 52 DNA: synthesis and size determination 54 DNA sequencing 56 Transfer of foreign DNA in living cells (transformation) 58 Gene cloning and identification 60 Gene expression 62 Gene silencing 64 Epigenetics 66 Gene libraries and gene mapping 68 Genetic maps of prokaryotes 70 Genetic maps of eukaryotes 72 Metagenomics 74 Cell biology Cell biology 76 Stem cells 78 Blood cells and immune system 80 Antibodies 82 Reporter groups 84 Solid state fermentation (SSF) 86 Growing microorganisms 88 Growth kinetics and product formation 90 Fed-batch, continuous and high cell density fermentation 92 Fermentation technology 94 Fermentation technology: scale-up 96 Cultivation of mammalian cells 98 Mammalian cell bioreactors 100 Enzyme and cell reactors 102 Recovery of bioproducts 104 Recovery of proteins: chromatography 106 Economic aspects of industrial processes 108 Food and food additives Alcoholic beverages 110 Beer 112 Fermented food 114 Food and lactic acid fermentation 116 Prebiotics and probiotics 118 Bakers yeast and fodder yeasts 120 Fodder yeasts from petroleum feedstocks, single cell oil 122 Amino acids 124 l-Glutamic acid 126 d, l-Methionine, l-lysine, and l-threonine 128 Aspartame , l-phenylalanine, and l-aspartic acid 130 Amino acids via enzymatic transformation 132 Vitamins 134 Nucleosides and nucleotides 136 Industrial products Bio-Ethanol 138 1-Butanol 140 Higher alcohols and alkenes 142 Acetic acid / vinegar 144 Citric acid 146 Lactic acid, 3-hydroxy-propionic acid (3-HP) 148 Gluconic acid and green sugar chemicals 150 Dicarboxylic acids 152 Biopolymers: Polyesters 154 Biopolymers: Polyamides 156 Polysaccharides 158 Biosurfactants 160 Fatty acids and their esters 162 Enzyme technology Biotransformation 164 Technical enzymes 166 Applied enzyme catalysis 168 Regio- and enantioselective enzymatic synthesis 170 Enzymes as processing aids 172 Detergent enzymes 174 Enzymes for starch hydrolysis 176 Enzymatic starch hydrolysis 178 Enzymes and sweeteners 180 Enzymes for the hydrolysis of cellulose and polyoses 182 Enzymes in pulp and paper processing 184 Pectinases 186 Enzymes and milk products 188 Enzymes in baking and meat processing 190 Other enzymes for food products and animal feed 192 Enzymes in leather and textile treatment 194 Procedures for obtaining novel technical enzymes 196 Protein design 198 Antibiotics Antibiotics: occurrence, applications, mechanism of action 200 Antibiotics: screening, industrial production, and mechanism of action 202 Antibiotic resistance 204 -Lactam antibiotics: structure, biosynthesis, and mechanism of action 206 -Lactam antibiotics: manufacture 208 Amino acid and peptide antibiotics 210 Glycopeptide, lipopeptide, polyether, and nucleoside anti-biotics 212 Aminoglycoside antibiotics 214 Tetracyclines, chinones, chinolones, and other aromatic antibiotics 216 Macrolide antibiotics 218 New pathways to antibiotics 220 Pharmaceuticals and medical technology Insulin 222 Growth hormone and other hormones 224 Hemoglobin, serum albumen, and lactoferrin 226 Blood clotting agents 228 Anticoagulants and thrombo-lytic agents 230 Enzyme inhibitors 232 Interferons 234 Interleukins and anti-interleukins 236 Erythropoietin and other growth factors 238 Other therapeutic proteins 240 Monoclonal and catalytic antibodies 242 Recombinant antibodies 244 Therapeutic antibodies 246 Vaccines 248 Recombinant vaccines 250 Steroid biotransformations 252 Diagnostic enzymes 254 Enzyme tests 256 Biosensors 258 Immunoanalysis 260 Glycobiology 262 Agriculture and environment Animal breeding 264 Embryo transfer, cloned animals 266 Gene maps 268 Transgenic animals 270 Breeding, gene pharming and xenotransplantation 272 Plant breeding 274 Plant tissue surface culture 276 Plant cell suspension culture 278 Transgenic plants: methods 280 Transgenic plants: resistance 282 Transgenic plants: products 284 Aerobic wastewater treatment 286 Anaerobic wastewater and sludge treatment 288 Biological treatment of exhaust air 290 Biological soil treatment 292 Microbial leaching, biofilms, and biocorrosion 294 Megatrends The human genome 296 Functional analysis of the human genome 298 Pharmacogenomics, nutrigenomics 300 DNA assays 302 Gene therapy 304 Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) 306 Tissue Engineering 308 Drug screening 310 High-throughput sequencing 312 Proteomics 314 DNA and protein arrays 316 Metabolic engineering 318 Synthetic biology 320 Systems biology 322 Bioinformatics: sequence and structural databases 324 Bioinformatics: functional analyses 326 Carbon sources (C-sources) 328 Biorefineries 330 Safety in genetic engineering 332 Regulation of products derived from biotechnology 334 Ethical considerations and acceptance 336 Patents in biotechnology 338 International aspects of biotechnology 340 Further Reading 343 Index 376 Picture Credits 398.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527335152 20160718
Now presented in large format, the new Schmid is the ideal primer in biotechnology. The two-page layout with one page being a full color figure and the opposite page being explanatory text is the ideal combination between rapid visual-based learning with in depth information.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527335152 20160718
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xli, 666 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 26 cm
  • Introduction to Biotechnology Learning Objectives What Is Biotechnology? Animal Biotechnology Agricultural Biotechnology Medical Biotechnology Industrial Biotechnology Environmental Biotechnology Other Emerging Fields of Biotechnology History of Biotechnology Human Genome Project Major Scientific Discoveries in Biotechnology Biotechnology as the Science of Integration Bio-Revolution Ethical and Regulatory Issues in Biotechnology Future of Biotechnology Problems Assignment Online Resources References and Further Reading Genes and Genomics Learning Objectives Introduction Cell as the Building Block of Life Classification of Cells Prokaryotic Cell Eukaryotic Cell Extracellular Organization Cell Membrane Cell Capsule Flagella Intracellular Organization Macromolecules Genes and Genetics Cell Division DNA Replication DNA Interactions with Proteins DNA-Modifying Enzymes DNA Methylation DNA Mutation Tools of Biotechnology Problems Assignment References and Further Reading Proteins and Proteomics Learning Objectives Introduction Significance of Proteins Protein Biosynthesis Protein Structure Protein Folding Protein Modification Protein Transport Protein Dysfunction and Degradation Regulation of Protein Synthesis Regulatory Protein Methods for Protein Analysis Protein Purification Tools of Proteomics Problems Assignment References and Further Reading Recombinant DNA Technology Learning Objectives Introduction Making of Recombinant DNA Significance of Recombinant DNA Technology Role of Restriction Enzymes in rDNA Technology Steps in Gene Cloning Synthesis of Complete Gene Polymerase Chain Reaction and Gene Cloning Significance of Vectors in Recombinant DNA Technology Classification of Vectors Integration of the DNA Insert into the Vector Introduction of the Recombinant DNA into the Suitable Host Increased Competence of E. Coli by CaCl2 Treatment Infection by Recombinant DNAs Packaged as Virions Selection of Recombinant Clones Identification of Clones Having Recombinant DNAs Selection of Clone Containing a Specific DNA Insert Applications of Recombinant DNA Technology DNA Sequencing Microarrays DNA Chips Isolation of Desired DNA cDNA Library Preparation of cDNA Genomic Library DNA Libraries Chemical Synthesis Gene Applications of Synthetic Oligonucleotides Problems Assignments References and Further Reading Microbial Biotechnology Learning Objectives Introduction Structural Organization of Microbes Microbial Metabolism Microbial Growth Microbial Genetics Genetic Recombination in Bacteria Transposable Genetic Elements Use of E. Coli in Microbial Cloning Pathogenic Bacteria Application of Microbes Food Microbiology Microbial Biotechnology Problems References and Further Reading Agricultural Biotechnology Learning Objectives Introduction Plant Breeding Plant Diseases Applications of Molecular and Genetic Tools in Agriculture Herbicide-Tolerant Plants Pigmentation in Transgenic Plants Altering the Food Content of Plants Gene Transfer Methods in Plants Target Cells for Gene Transformation Vectors for Gene Transfer Transformation Techniques Using Agrobacterium Glucuronidase Gene Agroinfection and Gene Transfer DNA-Mediated Gene Transfer Electroporation for Gene Transfer Liposome-Mediated Gene Transfer Gene Transformation Using Pollen Application of Transgenic Plants How Safe Are Transgenic Plants? Bioengineered Plants Genetically Modified Maize Terminator Technology Problems Assignment References and Further Reading Animal Biotechnology Learning Objectives Introduction History of the Use of Animals in Research Drug Testing in Animals Is Mandatory Most Commonly Used Animals in Research Application of Animal Models Animal Models Animal Biotechnology Regulations of Animal Testing Alternatives to Animal Testing Problems Assignment References and Further Reading Environmental Biotechnology Learning Objectives Introduction Factors Affecting the Environment Global Warming Carbon Footprint Destruction of Forests Air Pollution Major Carbon Dioxide Emission Countries Greenhouse Effect Acid Rain Ocean Acidification Health Hazards Due to Pollution Environment Protection by Biotechnology Bioremediation Mycoremediation Wastewater Treatment Pretreatment Phase Screening Phase Sedimentation Phase Secondary Treatment Phase Activated Sludge Filter Beds Biological Aerated Filters Nutrient Removal Nitrogen Removal Phosphorus Removal Disinfection of Wastewater Sludge Disposal Biofuels Biodiesel Biogas Bioalcohols Bioethers Syngas Solid Biofuels Second-Generation Biofuels Third-Generation Biofuels International Biofuel Efforts Future of Biofuels Biodegradable Plastic Biodegradation by Bacteria Oil-Eating Bacteria Biostimulation and Bioaugmentation Bioleaching Single-Cell Protein and Biomass from Waste Vermitechnology Biosorption Bacteria Fungi Algae Genetically Engineered Organisms Problems Debate Field Visit References and Further Reading Medical Biotechnology Learning Objectives Introduction Antibody Production Therapeutic Proteins Stem Cell Transplantation Bioengineered Skin Bioengineered Organ Transplantation Gene Therapy Molecular Diagnostics Artificial Blood Organ Transplant Cloning Questions Assignment References and Further Reading Nanobiotechnology Learning Objectives Introduction Nanotechnology Nanobiotechnology Applications of Nanobiotechnology Nanotechnology in the Food Industry Water Pollution and Nanotechnology Research Trends Problems References and Further Reading Product Development in Biotechnology Learning Objectives Introduction Methods of Scientific Inquiry Commercialization of Scientific Discovery Business Plan Biotechnology Product Development Phases of Biotechnology Product Development Biotechnology Entrepreneurship Biotechnology Industry: Facts and Figures Formation of a New Biotechnology Company Successful Bioentrepreneurship Biotechnology Products and Intellectual Property Rights Biotechnology Stock Investment: Pros and Cons Marketing Trends in Biotechnology Role of Regulators in Biotechnology Product Development Certification and Accreditation Problems References and Further Reading Industrial Biotechnology Learning Objectives Introduction Fermenter or Bioreactor Principle of Fermentation Production of Biomolecules Using Fermenter Technology Development Process of Microbial Products Upstream Bioprocess Downstream Bioprocess Bioprocess Automation Industrial Application of Microbes Industrial Production of Healthcare Products Problems References and Further Reading Ethics in Biotechnology Learning Objectives Introduction Genetically Modified Foods and Plants Use of Animals as Experimental Models Use of Humans as Experimental Models Xenotransplantation Genetic Screening Biometrics DNA Fingerprinting Organ Donation and Transplantation Euthanasia Neuroethics Assisted Reproductive Technology Embryonic Stem Cell Research Questions Assignments References and Further Reading Careers in Biotechnology Learning Objectives Introduction Education and Investment in Biotechnology Research and Development in Biotechnology Biotechnology Industry and Products Biotechnology Status in the United States Career Opportunities in Biotechnology Entry-Level Job Positions in Biotechnology Administration Which Job Is Good For Me? Why Are R&D Jobs the Most Challenging? Salary and Incentives in Biotechnology Problems Assignments Field Visit References and Further Reading Laboratory Tutorials Laboratory Experiments Laboratory Safety Good Laboratory Practices for Biotechnology Labs General Laboratory Techniques General Principles of Animal Handling Animal Anesthesia Animal Histology Blood Collection in Animals Histology and Microscopy Separation Techniques Microbiology Techniques Biochemistry Techniques Molecular Techniques Genetic Techniques Agricultural Biotechnology Microbial Biotechnology References.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498723428 20160619
A single source reference covering every aspect of biotechnology, Biotechnology Fundamentals, Second Edition breaks down the basic fundamentals of this discipline, and highlights both conventional and modern approaches unique to the industry. In addition to recent advances and updates relevant to the first edition, the revised work also covers ethics in biotechnology and discusses career possibilities in this growing field. The book begins with a basic introduction of biotechnology, moves on to more complex topics, and provides relevant examples along the way. Each chapter begins with a brief summary, is illustrated by simple line diagrams, pictures, and tables, and ends with a question session, an assignment, and field trip information. The author also discusses the connection between plant breeding, cheese making, in vitro fertilization, alcohol fermentation, and biotechnology. Comprised of 15 chapters, this seminal work offers in-depth coverage of topics that include: * Genes and Genomics * Proteins and Proteomics * Recombinant DNA Technology * Microbial Biotechnology * Agricultural Biotechnology * Animal Biotechnology * Environmental Biotechnology * Medical Biotechnology * Nanobiotechnology * Product Development in Biotechnology * Industrial Biotechnology * Ethics in Biotechnology * Careers in Biotechnology * Laboratory Tutorials Biotechnology Fundamentals, Second Edition provides a complete introduction of biotechnology to students taking biotechnology or life science courses and offers a detailed overview of the fundamentals to anyone in need of comprehensive information on the subject.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498723428 20160619
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
191 pages : color illustrations ; 21 cm
This book sees the most exciting, ground-breaking and pioneering craft breweries in the world reveal the recipes behind their best beers. Some 50 international craft breweries have volunteered a recipe (from the mighty Brew Dog to the much-loved Brooklyn in New York) to create a unique, useful and technically accurate book for the homebrewer. The book offers a solid introduction to the kit required for all-grain brewing at home, including a glossary of the terms, and tips and techniques for getting the best brew at home.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780711237339 20160928
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xiv, 327 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
  • 1. Introduction-- 2. Particle characterization and particle property distributions-- 3. The population balance-- 4. Crystallization and precipitation-- 5. Particle size reduction-- 6. Aerosol processes-- 7. Spray drying and spray cooling-- 8. Wet granulation-- 9. Strength, breakage and attrition of particulate delivery forms-- 10. Dispersion, disintegration and dissolution.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107007376 20170117
With this unique and comprehensive text, readers will gain the quantitative tools needed to engineer the particulate processes and products that are ubiquitous in modern life. Covering a series of particle and particulate delivery form design processes, with emphasis on design and operation to control particle attributes, and supported by many worked examples, it is essential reading for students and practitioners. Topics covered include a range of particle design processes such as crystallization and precipitation, granulation, grinding, aerosol processes and spray drying, as well as forms of delivery such as granules, tablets, dry powders, and aerosols. Readers will learn from real-world examples how the primary particle properties and the structure and properties of the delivery form can lead to high performance products, ranging from pharmaceuticals, consumer goods and foods, to specialty chemicals, paints, agricultural chemicals and minerals.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107007376 20170117
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
205 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
  • Preface Introduction Fermentation Distillation Aging Preparation Sip Metabolism of Alcohol Effects A Nightcap Appendix Glossary Notes Bibliography Index Acknowledgments.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780789212689 20161018
Everyone has questions about drinking, but it can seem like every bartender (and bargoer) has different answers. Between the old wives' tales, half-truths, and whiskey-soaked conjectures, it's hard to know what to believe--until now. Armed with cutting-edge research and a barfly's thirst for the truth, cocktail instructor Brian D. Hoefling tackles the most burning questions and longest-held myths surrounding that most ancient of human pastimes--with the science to either back them up or knock them down. From the ins and outs of aging to the chemistry of a beer head and the science behind your hangover, Distilled Knowledge provides a complete and comical education that will put an end to any barroom dispute, once and for all.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780789212689 20161018
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxxiii, 957 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
  • Preface xvii About the Author xxxiii Chapter 1: Mole Balances 1 1.1 The Rate of Reaction, -rA 4 1.2 The General Mole Balance Equation 8 1.3 Batch Reactors (BRs) 10 1.4 Continuous-Flow Reactors 12 1.5 Industrial Reactors 22 Chapter 2: Conversion and Reactor Sizing 31 2.1 Definition of Conversion 32 2.2 Batch Reactor Design Equations 32 2.3 Design Equations for Flow Reactors 35 2.4 Sizing Continuous-Flow Reactors 38 2.5 Reactors in Series 47 2.6 Some Further Definitions 58 Chapter 3: Rate Laws 69 3.1 Basic Definitions 70 3.2 The Reaction Order and the Rate Law 72 3.3 Rates and the Reaction Rate Constant 83 3.4 Present Status of Our Approach to Reactor Sizing and Design 93 Chapter 4: Stoichiometry 105 4.1 Batch Systems 107 4.2 Flow Systems 113 4.3 Reversible Reactions and Equilibrium Conversion 126 Chapter 5: Isothermal Reactor Design: Conversion 139 5.1 Design Structure for Isothermal Reactors 140 5.2 Batch Reactors (BRs) 144 5.3 Continuous-Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs) 152 5.4 Tubular Reactors 162 5.5 Pressure Drop in Reactors 169 5.6 Synthesizing the Design of a Chemical Plant 190 Chapter 6: Isothermal Reactor Design: Moles and Molar Flow Rates 207 6.1 The Molar Flow Rate Balance Algorithm 208 6.2 Mole Balances on CSTRs, PFRs, PBRs, and Batch Reactors 208 6.3 Application of the PFR Molar Flow Rate Algorithm to a Microreactor 212 6.4 Membrane Reactors 217 6.5 Unsteady-State Operation of Stirred Reactors 225 6.6 Semibatch Reactors 227 Chapter 7: Collection and Analysis of Rate Data 243 7.1 The Algorithm for Data Analysis 244 7.2 Determining the Reaction Order for Each of Two Reactants Using the Method of Excess 246 7.3 Integral Method 247 7.4 Differential Method of Analysis 251 7.5 Nonlinear Regression 258 7.6 Reaction-Rate Data from Differential Reactors 264 7.7 Experimental Planning 271 Chapter 8: Multiple Reactions 279 8.1 Definitions 280 8.2 Algorithm for Multiple Reactions 282 8.3 Parallel Reactions 285 8.4 Reactions in Series 294 8.5 Complex Reactions 304 8.6 Membrane Reactors to Improve Selectivity in Multiple Reactions 312 8.7 Sorting It All Out 317 8.8 The Fun Part 317 Chapter 9: Reaction Mechanisms, Pathways, Bioreactions, and Bioreactors 333 9.1 Active Intermediates and Nonelementary Rate Laws 334 9.2 Enzymatic Reaction Fundamentals 343 9.3 Inhibition of Enzyme Reactions 356 9.4 Bioreactors and Biosynthesis 364 Chapter 10: Catalysis and Catalytic Reactors 399 10.1 Catalysts 399 10.2 Steps in a Catalytic Reaction 405 10.3 Synthesizing a Rate Law, Mechanism, and Rate-Limiting Step 421 10.4 Heterogeneous Data Analysis for Reactor Design 436 10.5 Reaction Engineering in Microelectronic Fabrication 446 10.6 Model Discrimination 451 10.7 Catalyst Deactivation 454 Chapter 11: Nonisothermal Reactor Design-The Steady-State Energy Balance and Adiabatic PFR Applications 493 11.1 Rationale 494 11.2 The Energy Balance 495 11.3 The User-Friendly Energy Balance Equations 502 11.4 Adiabatic Operation 508 11.5 Adiabatic Equilibrium Conversion 518 11.6 Reactor Staging 522 11.7 Optimum Feed Temperature 526 Chapter 12: Steady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design-Flow Reactors with Heat Exchange 539 12.1 Steady-State Tubular Reactor with Heat Exchange 540 12.2 Balance on the Heat-Transfer Fluid 543 12.3 Algorithm for PFR/PBR Design with Heat Effects 545 12.4 CSTR with Heat Effects 564 12.5 Multiple Steady States (MSS) 574 12.6 Nonisothermal Multiple Chemical Reactions 581 12.7 Radial and Axial Variations in a Tubular Reactor 595 12.8 Safety 603 Chapter 13: Unsteady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design 629 13.1 Unsteady-State Energy Balance 630 13.2 Energy Balance on Batch Reactors 632 13.3 Semibatch Reactors with a Heat Exchanger 646 13.4 Unsteady Operation of a CSTR 651 13.5 Nonisothermal Multiple Reactions 656 Chapter 14: Mass Transfer Limitations in Reacting Systems 679 14.1 Diffusion Fundamentals 680 14.2 Binary Diffusion 684 14.3 Diffusion Through a Stagnant Film 688 14.4 The Mass Transfer Coefficient 690 14.5 What If ... ? (Parameter Sensitivity) 705 Chapter 15: Diffusion and Reaction 719 15.1 Diffusion and Reactions in Homogeneous Systems 720 15.2 Diffusion and Reactions in Spherical Catalyst Pellets 720 15.3 The Internal Effectiveness Factor 730 15.4 Falsified Kinetics 737 15.5 Overall Effectiveness Factor 739 15.6 Estimation of Diffusion- and Reaction-Limited Regimes 743 15.7 Mass Transfer and Reaction in a Packed Bed 744 15.8 Determination of Limiting Situations from Reaction-Rate Data 750 15.9 Multiphase Reactors in the Professional Reference Shelf 751 15.10 Fluidized Bed Reactors 753 15.11 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) 753 Chapter 16: Residence Time Distributions of Chemical Reactors 767 16.1 General Considerations 767 16.2 Measurement of the RTD 770 16.3 Characteristics of the RTD 777 16.4 RTD in Ideal Reactors 784 16.5 PFR/CSTR Series RTD 789 16.6 Diagnostics and Troubleshooting 793 Chapter 17: Predicting Conversion Directly from the Residence Time Distribution 807 17.1 Modeling Nonideal Reactors Using the RTD 808 17.2 Zero-Adjustable-Parameter Models 810 17.3 Using Software Packages 827 17.4 RTD and Multiple Reactions 830 Chapter 18: Models for Nonideal Reactors 845 18.1 Some Guidelines for Developing Models 846 18.2 The Tanks-in-Series (T-I-S) One-Parameter Model 848 18.3 Dispersion One-Parameter Model 852 18.4 Flow, Reaction, and Dispersion 854 18.5 Tanks-in-Series Model versus Dispersion Model 869 18.6 Numerical Solutions to Flows with Dispersion and Reaction 870 18.7 Two-Parameter Models-Modeling Real Reactors with Combinations of Ideal Reactors 871 18.8 Use of Software Packages to Determine the Model Parameters 880 18.9 Other Models of Nonideal Reactors Using CSTRs and PFRs 882 18.10 Applications to Pharmacokinetic Modeling 883 Appendix A: Numerical Techniques 897 A.1 Useful Integrals in Reactor Design 897 A.2 Equal-Area Graphical Differentiation 898 A.3 Solutions to Differential Equations 900 A.4 Numerical Evaluation of Integrals 901 A.5 Semilog Graphs 903 A.6 Software Packages 903 Appendix B: Ideal Gas Constant and Conversion Factors 905 Appendix C: Thermodynamic Relationships Involving the Equilibrium Constant 909 Appendix D: Software Packages 915 D.1 Polymath 915 D.2 MATLAB 916 D.3 Aspen 916 D.4 COMSOL Multiphysics 917 Appendix E: Rate Law Data 919 Appendix F: Nomenclature 921 Appendix G: Open-Ended Problems 925 G.1 Design of Reaction Engineering Experiment 925 G.2 Effective Lubricant Design 925 G.3 Peach Bottom Nuclear Reactor 925 G.4 Underground Wet Oxidation 926 G.5 Hydrodesulfurization Reactor Design 926 G.6 Continuous Bioprocessing 926 G.7 Methanol Synthesis 926 G.8 Cajun Seafood Gumbo 926 G.9 Alcohol Metabolism 927 G.10 Methanol Poisoning 928 Appendix H: Use of Computational Chemistry Software Packages 929 Appendix I: How to Use the CRE Web Resources 931 I.1 CRE Web Resources Components 931 I.2 How the Web Can Help Your Learning Style 933 I.3 Navigation 934 Index 937.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780133887518 20160619
The Definitive, Fully Updated Guide to Solving Real-World Chemical Reaction Engineering Problems For decades, H. Scott Fogler's Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering has been the world's dominant text for courses in chemical reaction engineering. Now, Fogler has created a new, completely updated fifth edition of his internationally respected book. The result is a refined book that contains new examples and problems, as well as an updated companion Web site. More than ever, Fogler has successfully integrated text, visuals, and computer simulations to help both undergraduate and graduate students master all of the field's fundamentals. As always, he links theory to practice through many relevant examples, ranging from standard isothermal and non-isothermal reactor design to applications, such as solar energy, blood clotting, and drug delivery, and computer chip manufacturing. To promote the transfer of key skills to real-life settings, Fogler presents the following three styles of problems: * Straightforward problems that reinforce the principles of chemical reaction engineering * Living Example Problems (LEPs) that allow students to rapidly explore the issues and look for optimal solutions * Open-ended problems that encourage students to practice creative problem-solving skills About the Web Site The companion Web site offers extensive enrichment opportunities and additional content, including * Complete PowerPoint slides for lecture notes for chemical reaction engineering classes. * Links to additional software, including POLYMATH(TM), Matlab(TM), Wolfram Mathematica(TM), AspenTech(TM), and COMSOL(TM). * Interactive learning resources linked to each chapter, including Learning Objectives, Summary Notes, Web Modules, Interactive Computer Games, Solved Problems, FAQs, additional homework problems, and links to Learncheme. * Living Example Problems that provide more than eighty interactive simulations, allowing students to explore the examples and ask "what-if" questions. The LEPs are unique to this book. * Professional Reference Shelf, which includes advanced content on reactors, weighted least squares, experimental planning, laboratory reactors, pharmacokinetics, wire gauze reactors, trickle bed reactors, fluidized bed reactors, CVD boat reactors, detailed explanations of key derivations, and more. * Problem-solving strategies and insights on creative and critical thinking.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780133887518 20160619
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xx, 441 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm.
Bioinspired materials can be defined as the organic or inorganic materials that mimic naturally occurring substances. With applications in a number of fields such as biomedical, chemical, mechanical, and civil engineering, research on the development of biologically-inspired materials is essential to further advancement. Emerging Research on Bioinspired Materials Engineering provides insight on fabrication strategies for bioinspired materials as well as a collective review of their current and prospective applications. Highlighting essential research on bioinspired processes and the nano-structural, physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical aspects of biologically-inspired materials, this timely publication is an ideal reference source for engineers, researchers, scholars, and graduate students in the fields of materials science and engineering, nanotechnology, biotechnology, and biomedical materials science.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781466698116 20160919
Science Library (Li and Ma)