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Book
xii, 316 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
  • Preface / Martin K. Jones
  • Introduction / Manon Savard, Marco Madella, and Carla Lancelotti
  • Part I. Methodologies in Archaeobotany
  • Sample-Size Estimation and Inter-Assemblage Quantification in Archaeobotany / Gyoung-Ah Lee
  • Regional Exchanges in South Eastern Arabia During the Late Pre-Islamic Period : The Contribution of Phytolith Analysis of Ceramic Thin Sections from ed-Dur (Umm al-Qaiwain, UAE) / Luc Vrydaghs, Paul De Paepe, Kris Rutten, and Ernie Haerinck
  • Examining Agriculture and Climate Change in Antiquity : Practical and Theoretical Considerations / Alexia Smith
  • Part II. Case Studies in Archaeobotany and Vegetation History
  • Swahili Food Production : An Interim Archaeotanical Report from Pemba Island, Tanzania, Seventh through Sixteen Centuries AD / Sarah C. Walshaw
  • Plant-Food Subsistence in Context : An Example from Epipalaeolithic Southwest Anatolia / Danièle Martinoli
  • Vegetation Proxy Data and Climate Reconstruction : Examples from West Asia / Naomi F. Miller
  • The Significance of Prehistoric Weed Floras for the Reconstruction of Interrelations of Environment and Crop Husbandry Practices During the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages (1600-700 BC) in the Near East / Simone Riehl
  • Part III. Social Archaeobotany
  • Historical Aspects of Early Plant Cultivation in the Uplands of Eastern North America / Kristen J. Gremillion
  • Routine Activities, Tertiary Refuse, and Labour Organisation : Social Inferences from Everyday Archaeobotany / Dorian Q. Fuller, Chris Stevens, and Meriel McClatchie
  • Of Crops and Food : A Social Perspective on the Agricultural Tradition of the Harappan Civilisation / Marco Madella
  • Anthracological Research in the South-Southeastern Brazilian Coast : Palaeoenvironment and Plant Exploitation of Sambaqui Moundbuilders / Rita Scheel-Ybert and Maria Dulce Gaspar
  • Part IV. Genetics in Archaeobotany
  • Rice of Asian Origin / Yo-Ichiro Sato
  • A Review on the Research on the Origin of Six-Row Barley / Ken-ichi Tanno
  • Maize Cob Phytoliths as Indicators of Genetics and Environmental Conditions / Linda Scott-Cummings.
Mangroves and rice, six-row brittle barley and einkorn wheat. Ancient crops for prehistoric people. What do they have in common? All tell us about the lives and cultures of long ago, as humans cultivated or collected these plants for food. Exploring these and other important plants used for millennia by humans, Ancient Plants and People presents a wide-angle view of the current state of archaeobotanical research, methods, and theories. Food has a public and private role, and it permeates the life of all people in a society. Food choice, production, and distribution probably represent the most complex indicators of social life, and thus a study of foods consumed by ancient peoples reveals many clues about their lifestyles. But in addition to yielding information about food production, distribution, preparation, and consumption, plant remains recovered from archaeological sites offer precious insights on past landscapes, human adaptation to climate change, and the relationship between human groups and their environment. Revealing important aspects of past human societies, these plant-driven insights widen the spectrum of information available to archaeologists as we seek to understand our history as a biological and cultural species. Often answers raise more questions. As a result, archaeobotanists are constantly pushed to reflect on the methodological and theoretical aspects of their discipline. The contributors discuss timely methodological issues and engage in debates on a wide range of topics from plant utilization in hunter-gatherers and agriculturalists to uses of ancient DNA. Ancient Plants and People provides a global perspective on archaeobotanical research, particularly on the sophisticated interplay between the use of plants and their social or environmental context.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780816527106 20160618
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxi, 548 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
  • 1. Paleoethnobotanical Method and Theory in the Twenty-First Century / John M. Marston, Christina Warinner, and Jade D'Alpoim Guedes
  • Part I Formation Processes
  • 2. Formation Processes of the Macrobotanical Record / Daphne E. Gallagher
  • 3. Formation and Taphonomic Processes Affecting Starch Granules / Amanda G. Henry
  • 4. Formation Processes of Pollen and Phytoliths / Deborah M. Pearsall
  • Part II Recovery, Identification, and Data Management
  • 5. Sampling Strategies in Paleoethnobotanical Analysis / Jade D'Alpoim Guedes and Robert Spengler
  • 6. Recovering Macrobotanical Remains: Current Methods and Techniques / China P. Shelton and China P. Shelton
  • 7. Laboratory Analysis and Identification of Plant Macroremains / Gayle Fritz and Mark Nesbitt
  • 8. Digitizing the Archaeobotanical Record / Christina Warinner and Jade D'Alpoim Guedes
  • Part III Quantification and Analysis
  • 9. Ratios and Simple Statistics in Paleoethnobotanical Analysis: Data Exploration and Hypothesis Testing / John M. Marston
  • 10. The Use of Multivariate Statistics within Archaeobotany / Alexia Smith
  • 11. Analysis and Interpretation of Intrasite Variability in Paleoethnobotanical Remains: A Consideration and Application of Methods at the Ravensford Site, North Carolina / Amber M. VanDerwarker, Jennifer V. Alvarado, and Paul Webb
  • 12. Intersite Variation within Archaeobotanical Charred Assemblages: A Case Study Exploring the Social Organization of Agricultural Husbandry in Iron Age and Roman Britain / Chris J. Stevens
  • Part IV Integration of Paleoethnobotanical Data
  • 13. Peopling the Environment: Interdisciplinary Inquiries into Socioecological Systems Incorporating Paleoclimatology and Geoarchaeology / Timothy C. Messner and Gary E. Stinchcomb
  • 14. From the Ground Up: Advances in Stable Isotope-Based Paleodietary Inference / Christina Warinner
  • 15. Ancient Biomolecules from Archaeobotanical Remains / Nathan Wales, Kenneth Andersen, and Enrico Cappellini
  • 16. A Landscape Context for Paleoethnobotany: The Contribution of Aerial and Satellite Remote Sensing / Jesse Casana
  • Part V Interpretation
  • 17. Human Behavioral Ecology and Paleoethnobotany / Kristen J. Gremillion
  • 18. Documenting Human Niche Construction in the Archaeological Record / Bruce D. Smith
  • 19. Paleoethnobotanical Analysis, Post-Processing / Shanti Morell-Hart.
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
475 p. : ill., plans ; 25 cm.
Plant palaeoecologists use data from plant fossils and plant subfossils to reconstruct ecosystems of the past. This book deals with the study of subfossil plant material retrieved from archaeological excavations and cores dated to the Late Glacial and Holocene. One of the main objectives of this book is to describe the processes that underlie the formation of the archaeobotanical archive and the ultimate composition of the archaeobotanical records, being the data that are sampled and identified from this immense archive. Our understanding of these processes benefits from a knowledge of plant ecology and traditional agricultural practices and food processing. This handbook summarizes the basic ecological principles that relate to the reconstruction of former vegetations and of agricultural practices in particular. We hope this book will help palaeobotanists, environmental archaeologists, and colleagues from related disciplines optimize inferences based on what we could term old-style archaeobotany. And we hope that our observations will serve as an eye-opener and improve future research, not only as it is practised in our laboratories, but also as it is practised in the field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789491431074 20160612
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xxii, 623 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Minerals: rock and stone-- pigments, abrasives, gemstones.a. The chemical elements.b. Minerals and mineraloids.c. Rock and stone.d. The study of archaeological stone.e. The chemical analysis of archaeological materials.f. The provenance of archaeological materials.g. The chronology of archaeological materials.h. Pigments.i. Abrasives.j. Gemstones.i. Cutting and polishing gemstones.2. Lithics: Flint and obsidian.a. Quartz and flint.b. Obsidian.c. Use wear analysis.3. Sand: glass, glaze, enamel.a. Glass, glaze and enamel.b. Glass.c. Glassmaking.d. Ancient glass studies.e. The decay of glass.4. Secondary rocks: building stone, brick, cement, mortar.a. Building stone.b. Cement.c. The study of ancient cements.5. Ores: metals and alloys.a. Native metals.b. Metalliferous ores.c. Mining.d. Ore dressing.e. Smelting.f. Metal refining.g. Alloys.h. The metals and alloys of antiquity.i. The deterioration of metals and alloys - Corrosion.j. The study of archaeological metals and alloys.6. Sediments and soils.a. Sediments, oxygen isotopes and ancient temperatures.b. Soil.7. Clay: Pottery and other ceramic materials.a. Primary clay.b. Secondary clay.c. Clay and ceramic materials.d. Ceramic materials.e. Making ceramics.f. Common ceramic materials .g. The study of ancient pottery.8. The biosphere: Organic and biological substances.a. Living organisms and cells.b. Biological matter: organic and bioinorganic substances.c. Ancient biological materials.d. Dating organic materials.9. Carbohydrates: wood, gums, resins.a. Wood.b. Gums.c. Resins.d. Carbohydrates, isotopes and the study of ancient diets.10. Lipids: oils, fats and waxes.a. Oils.b. Fats.c. Waxes.d. Soap.e. Ancient lipids.11. Proteins: skin and hide, leather, glue.a. Animal skin.b. Skin and hide.c. Leather.d. Glue.e. Dating ancient proteins - amino acid racemization dating.12. The nucleic acids: Human traits-- genetics and evolution.a. DNA after death.b. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR).c. Ancient DNA studies.13. Fibers: yarn, textiles and cordage-- writing materials.a. Fibers.b. Textile and cordage fibers.c. Vegetable fibers.d. Animal fibers.e. Inorganic fibers.f. The study of archaeological fibers.g. Writing materials.14. Dyes and dyeing.a. Stains and staining.b. The dyeing process.c. Mordants.d. The nature of dyes.e. Ancient dyes.f. The identification and characterization of ancient dyes and mordants.15. Bioinorganic materials-- bone, ivory, shell, phytoliths.a. Bone.b. Teeth.c. Ivory.d. Horn.e. Antler.f. Shell.g. Archaeological bone.h. Bone, stable isotopes and ancient diets.16. Some ancient remains: mummies, fossils, coprolites.a. Mummies and mummification.b. Embalming.c. Fossils and fossilization.d. Animal excretions, coprolites.17. The environment and the decay of archaeological materials.a. Air and the atmosphere.b. The composition of the atmosphere.c. Water and the hydrosphere.d. Pollution.e. Air pollutants.f. Water pollutants.g. The interaction of materials with the environment.h. Temperature effects.i. Sunlight.j. Oxygen and ozone.k. Water.l. Air pollutants.m. The deterioration of some archaeological materials.18. The authentication of antiquities.a. Technical and scientific and methods of authentication.b. Some authentication studies.Appendix I. The Chemical Elements.Appendix II. Chronometric Dating Methods: Selection criteria.Appendix III. Symbols, constants, units and equivalencies.Glossary.Bibliography.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471252887 20160528
The chemical study of archaeological materials, "Archaeological Chemistry, Second Edition" is about the application of the chemical sciences to the study of ancient man and his material activities. The text of the book centers on the use of chemical methods, but also refers to the contributions of physics, biology, and genetics to archaeological research. Subjects discussed in the book include the determination of the nature of ancient materials, their provenance and age, the technologies used for the production of man-made materials, and the analysis of ancient human and animal remains (such as bone, dried blood, and coprolites), which yields information on ancient diets, kinship, habitancy, and migratory patterns. New developments in analytical chemistry and in related disciplines, which have contributed to archaeological research since the first edition of the book was published, are dealt with in this edition, which also includes: updated information on the study of the nature, age, and provenance of ancient materials; new sections on organic, biological and genetic studies; glossary; and, extensive bibliography. The book is intended primarily for archaeologists, physical anthropologists and students of archaeology and physical anthropology, but will also be of use to conservators, curators, and art historians. Natural scientists reading it will become acquainted with advances in archaeological research which were made possible only by the application of chemical, physical, and biological methods and techniques.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471252887 20160528
dx.doi.org Wiley Online Library
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
459 p.
  • New Directions in Archaeological Chemistry-- Analysis of Ninth Century Thai Glass-- Chemical Chronology of Turquoise Blue Glass Trade Beads from the Lac-Saint-Jean Region of Quebec-- Dating Flint Artifacts with Electron Spin Resonance: Problems and Prospects-- Provenance Studies on Easter Island Obsidian: An Archaeological Application-- Chrono-Cultural Technique Based on the Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis of Copper-Based Artifacts from the "Contact" Period of Northeastern North America-- Electron Microprobe and Neutron Activation Analysis of Gold Artifacts from a 1000 A.D. Peruvian Gravesite-- Chemical Composition of Tiberian Asses, 15-23 A.D-- Copper-Based Synthetic Medieval Blue Pigments-- Archaeological Applications of Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry-- Studies of Soils from an Aleutian Island Site-- Chemical Analysis of Residues in Floors and the Reconstruction of Ritual Activities at the Templo Mayor, Mexico-- Application of Multimolecular Biomarker Techniques to the Identification of Fecal Material in Archaeological Soils and Sediments-- Investigation of Fiber Mineralization Using Fourier Transform Infrared Microscopy-- X-ray Diffractometric Analyses of Microstructure of Mineralized Plant Fibers-- Clues to the Past: Further Development of the Comparative Plant Fiber Collection-- Updating Recent Studies on the Shroud of Turin-- A Re-evaluation of the Radiocarbon Date of the Shroud of Turin Based on Biofractionation of Carbon Isotopes and a Fire-Simulating Model-- Factors That Affect the Apparent Radiocarbon Age of Textiles-- Analysis of Cellulose Chemial Modification: A Potentially Promising Technique for Characterizing Archaeological Textiles-- Historico-Chemical Analysis of Plant Dyestuffs Used in Textiles from Ancient Israel-- Thermoluminescent Analysis of Burned Bone: Assessing the Problems-- Trace Elements in Bone as Paleodietary Indicators-- An Electron Microprobe Evaluation of Diagenetic Alteration in Archaeological Bone-- Stable Isotope Analysis of Bone Collagen, Bone Apatite, and Tooth Enamel in the Reconstruction of Human Diet: A Case Study from Cuello, Belize-- Amino Acid Racemization and the Effects of Microbial Diagenesis-- Ancient DNA in Texas Rock Paintings-- Ancient Nucleic Acids in Prehispanic Mexican Populations-- Radiocarbon Dating of Ancient Rock Paintings-- Radiocarbon Calibration and the Peopling of North America-- Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Radiocarbon Measurement of Submilligram Samples.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780841233959 20160528
Presents the archaeological chemistry of pre-Columbian North America. Introduces new directions in analysis of ancient textiles such as the Shroud of Turin. Explains the use of tandem instrumentation to reach lower detection limits in analysis of substances of archaeological importance. Presents the archaeological chemistry of biochemical molecules, particularly in DNA. Provides applications of statistical techniques to suites of archaeological substrate data.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780841233959 20160528
dx.doi.org American Chemical Society
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xvii, 1130 p. ; 26 cm.
Science Library (Li and Ma)