This text examines methods for separating the signal of physical interest from the contamination by chaotic noise, for investigating the phase space of the chaotic noise and its properties, and for modelling the behaviour of the chaotic noise. The author considers the means of controlling chaotic behaviour and using this control to communicate between source and receiver. The emphasis throughout is on the use of the modern mathematical tools for investigating chaotic behaviour to uncover properties of physical systems. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
A clear and systematic treatment of time series of data, regular and chaotic, found in nonlinear systems. The text leads readers from measurements of one or more variables through the steps of building models of the source as a dynamical system, classifying the source by its dynamical characteristics, and finally predicting and controlling the dynamical system. It examines methods for separating the signal of physical interest from contamination by unwanted noise, and for investigating the phase space of the chaotic signal and its properties. The emphasis throughout is on the use of modern mathematical tools for investigating chaotic behaviour to uncover properties of physical systems, requiring knowledge of dynamical systems at the advanced undergraduate level and some knowledge of Fourier transforms and other signal processing methods. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Tours, France : Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, 2017.
Book — 414 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
"La Touraine, pour Rabelais, c'est un lieu de plaisir : plaisir sensuel, mais aussi plaisir intellectuel. C'est en Touraine que Gargantua installe l'abbaye de Thélème, capitale humaniste où le savoir libère. Thélème, c'est le temple.de la science au service de l'Homme. La Touraine est terre de sciences depuis Alcuin, abbé de Saint-Martin de Tours, qui aide Charlemagne à "inventer l'école", c'est-à-dire un grand centre de formation attaché à son palais pour instruire l'élite impériale. De l'école palatine d'Alcuin à l'université, en passant par l'école de médecine de Tours, la Touraine est terre de sciences et de scientifiques. Le Dictionnaire des scientifiques de Touraine fait découvrir, au travers de plus de 550 notices illustrées, la vie et l'activité des mathématiciens, pharmaciens, médecins, chimistes, naturalistes, physiciens, ingénieurs, géologues, météorologues... qui sont nés et ont travaillé en Touraine."--Page 4 of cover.
The general framework: what does "the unity of science" mean?, E. Agazzi
the unity of disunity, J. Faye. Sciences of nature and sciences of man: on a difference between natural science and the interpretive sciences of man, F. Collin
natural sciences and human sciences, G.M. Prosperi. Overcoming reductionism: complexity, reductionism, and the unity of science, J. Ricard
the consilience approach to the unity of science, B. Kanitscheider. The unity within a single science: the problem of unity in a single field of science, A. Cordero
the unity of particle physics and cosmology? the case of the cosmological constant, J. Mosterin
is quantum mechanics a universal theory?, B. d'Espagnat
and other papers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
The unity of science has been a widely discussed issue both in the philosophy of science and within several sciences. Reductionism has often been seen as the means of bringing the different sciences to a fundamental unity by reference to some basic science, but it shows many limitations. Multidisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity have also been proposed as methodologies for attaining unity without underestimating the diversity of the sciences. This volume starts with a clarification of the possible meanings of this unity and then discusses the features of the mentioned approaches to unity, evaluating the success and the shortcomings of the unification programme among different sciences and within a single science. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
While the scientist works essentially with what he observes, with the measurable properties of nature, the philosopher of science is concerned to formulate the conceptual foundations of the scientific method. In this systematic study, Professor Achinstein analyzes such concepts as definitions, theories, and models, and contrasts his view with currently held positions that he finds inadequate. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
A collection of essays by the scientific philosopher Peter Achinstein, representing the culmination of his examination of methodological issues arising from 19th century physics. He focuses on philosophical problems surrounding the postulation of unobservable entities such as light waves. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This volume brings together six published and two new essays by the noted philosopher of science, Peter Achinstein. It represents the culmination of his examination of methodological issues that arise in nineteenth-century physics. He focuses on the philosophical problem of how, if at all, it is possible to confirm scientific hypotheses that postulate `unobservables' such as light waves, molecules, and electrons. This question is one that not only was of great interest to nineteenth-century physicists and methodologists, but continues to occupy philosophers of science up to the present day. The essays in this volume deal with this vexing problem as it arose in actual scientific practice in three nineteenth-century episodes: the debate between particle and wave theorists of light, Maxwell's kinetic theory of gases, and J.J. Thomson's discovery of the electron. Achinstein shows that the most important issue raised by these three cases concerns the legitimacy of introducing hypotheses that invoke "unobservables". If science is to be empirical, can such hypotheses be employed? How, if at all, is it possible to confirm them? Achinstein here assesses the philosophical validity of nineteenth-century and modern answers to these questions and presents and defends his own solutions. (source: Nielsen Book Data)