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xvii, 697 pages ; 26 cm.
  • Contents Contributors Acknowledgements Preface Introduction: The Nature and Explanatory Ambitions of Metaethics Tristram McPherson, and David Plunkett I. ã ã ã ã ã ã Central Organizing Options in Metaethics Non-Naturalistic Realism in Metaethics David Enoch Naturalistic Realism in Metaethics Peter Railton Error Theory in MetaethicsJonas Olson Fictionalism in MetaethicsRichard Joyce Metaethical Expressivism Elisabeth Camp Metaethical Contextualism Alex Silk Metaethical Relativism Isidora Stojanovic II.ã ã ã Central Problems and Strategies in Metaethics Realism and Objectivity Billy Dunaway Metaphysical Relations in Metaethics Gideon Rosen The Supervenience Challenge to Non-Naturalism Pekka Vayrynen Vagueness and Indeterminacy in Ethics Tom Dougherty Deontic Modals Jennifer Carr Thick Concepts Debbie Roberts The Frege-Geach Problem Jack Woods Hybrid Accounts of Ethical Thought and Talk Teemu Toppinen Conceptual Role Accounts of Meaning in Metaethics Matthew Chrisman The Significance of Ethical Disagreement for Theories of Ethical Thought and Talk Gunnar Bjornsson Cognitivism and Non-Cognitivism Matthew S. Bedke Ethical Judgment and Motivation David Faraci and Tristram McPherson Reasons Internalism Errol Lord and David Plunkett The Wrong Kind of Reasons Howard Nye Mind-Dependence and Moral Realism Connie S. Rosati Constitutivism Michael Smith Constructivism Melissa Barry Normativity and Agency Hille Paakkunainen Mores and Morals: Metaethics and the Social World Kenneth Walden The Autonomy of Ethics Barry Maguire Explanatory Challenges in Metaethics Joshua Schechter Ethical Expertise Karen Jones and Francois Schroeter Intuitionism in Moral Epistemology Elizabeth Tropman Moral Scepticism Matt Lutz and Jacob Ross The Epistemic Significance of Moral Disagreement Dustin Locke III. The status and methodology of metaethics Metasemantics and Metaethics Laura Schroeter and Francois Schroeter Conceptual Analysis in Metaethics Nicholas Laskowski and Stephen Finlay Ethics and Morality Stephen Darwall The Varieties of Normativity Derek Baker Pragmatism and Metaethics Andrew Sepielli Feminism and Metaethics Amia Srinivasan Experimental Philosophy and Moral Theory Chandra Sripada Quasi-realism Terence Cuneo Metaethical Quietism Karl Schafer and Doug Kremm Methodological Naturalism in Metaethics ã Daniel Nolan Normative Ethics and Metaethics ã Mark Schroeder Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138812208 20171023
This Handbook surveys the contemporary state of the burgeoning field of metaethics. Forty-three chapters, all written exclusively for this volume, provide expert introductions to: the central research programs that frame metaethical discussions the central explanatory challenges, resources, and strategies that inform contemporary work in those research programs debates over the status of metaethics, and the appropriate methods to use in metaethical inquiry This is essential reading for anyone with a serious interest in metaethics, from those coming to it for the first time to those actively pursuing research in the field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138812208 20171023
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
x, 255 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
  • Preface ixAcknowledgments xi1 Measurement 12 Judgment 223 Psychology 484 Frequency 625 Mathematics 796 Inverse Inference 1007 Unification 1228 Algorithmic Randomness 1459 Physical Chance 16510 Induction 190Appendix: Probability Tutorial 209Notes 225Annotated Select Bibliography 239Image Credits 247Index 249.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691174167 20180205
A fascinating account of the breakthrough ideas that transformed probability and statistics In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, gamblers and mathematicians transformed the idea of chance from a mystery into the discipline of probability, setting the stage for a series of breakthroughs that enabled or transformed innumerable fields, from gambling, mathematics, statistics, economics, and finance to physics and computer science. This book tells the story of ten great ideas about chance and the thinkers who developed them, tracing the philosophical implications of these ideas as well as their mathematical impact. Persi Diaconis and Brian Skyrms begin with Girolamo Cardano, a sixteenth-century physician, mathematician, and professional gambler who helped develop the idea that chance actually can be measured. They describe how later thinkers showed how the judgment of chance also can be measured, how frequency is related to chance, and how chance, judgment, and frequency could be unified. Diaconis and Skyrms explain how Thomas Bayes laid the foundation of modern statistics, and they explore David Hume's problem of induction, Andrey Kolmogorov's general mathematical framework for probability, the application of computability to chance, and why chance is essential to modern physics. A final idea--that we are psychologically predisposed to error when judging chance--is taken up through the work of Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky. Complete with a brief probability refresher, Ten Great Ideas about Chance is certain to be a hit with anyone who wants to understand the secrets of probability and how they were discovered.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691174167 20180205
Philosophy Library (Tanner), Science Library (Li and Ma)
xvi, 1144 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Part I: The publishing process. Books and journals
  • Manuscript preparation, manuscript editing, and proofreading
  • Illustrations and tables
  • Rights, permissions, and copyright administration / by William S. Strong
  • Part II: Style and usage. Grammar and usage / by Bryan A. Garner
  • Punctuation
  • Spelling, distinctive treatment of words, and compounds
  • Names, terms, and titles of terms
  • Numbers
  • Abbreviations
  • Languages other than English
  • Mathematics in type
  • Quotations and dialogue
  • Part III: Source citations and indexes. Notes and bibliography
  • Author-date references
  • Indexes.
Music Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xix, 640 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors ix Foreword xvi Acknowledgments xix Part I Introductory Articles 1 1 The Nature of Applied Philosophy 3 Kasper Lippert ]Rasmussen 2 The Methodology of Applied Philosophy 18 David Archard 3 The Value of Applied Philosophy 34 Suzanne Uniacke Part II Epistemology 49 4 Applied Epistemology 51 David Coady 5 Gender and Feminist Epistemology 61 Nancy Daukas 6 The Epistemology of Deliberative Democracy 76 Fabienne Peter 7 Information Markets 89 Kristoffer Ahlstrom ]Vij 8 Epistemology for (Real) People 103 Michael Bishop and J.D. Trout 9 Are Conspiracy Theorists Epistemically Vicious? 120 Charles R. Pigden 10 Experts in the Climate Change Debate 133 Ben Almassi 11 Freedom of Expression, Diversity, and Truth 147 Klemens Kappel, Bjorn Hallsson, and Emil F.L. Moller Part III Metaphysics and Philosophy of Language 163 12 Applied Metaphysics 165 Katherine Hawley 13 Applied Philosophy of Language 180 Emma Borg 14 Social Ontology and War 196 Seumas Miller 15 The Metaphysics of Gender 211 Natalie Stoljar 16 The Existence of the Dead 224 Steven Luper 17 Freedom of Expression and Derogatory Words 236 Caroline West Part IV Ethics 253 18 Applied Moral Philosophy 255 Richard Arneson 19 Neuroethics and Responsibility 270 Neil Levy 20 Non ]ideal Theory 284 Zofia Stemplowska 21 Death: Badness and Prudential Reasons 297 Jens Johansson Part V Political Philosophy and Philosophy of Law 311 22 Applied Political and Legal Philosophy 313 Michelle Madden Dempsey and Matthew Lister 23 Legal Human Rights Theory 328 Samantha Besson 24 Collectivism and Reductivism in the Ethics of War 342 Helen Frowe 25 Freedom of Association 356 Kimberley Brownlee 26 Neuroethics and Criminal Justice 370 Jesper Ryberg and Thomas Sobirk Petersen 27 Deliberative Democracy 383 Thomas Christiano and Sameer Bajaj 28 Tax Ethics: Political and Individual 397 Geoffrey Brennan and George Tsai 29 Benefiting from Wrongdoing 411 Avia Pasternak 30 Freedom of Religion and Expression 424 Larry Alexander Part VI Philosophy of Science 439 31 Applied Philosophy of Social Science: The Case of the Social Construction of Race 441 Isaac Wiegman and Ron Mallon 32 Social Constructivism in Social Science and Science Wars 455 Finn Collin 33 Did Climate Change Cause That? 469 Richard Corry Part VII Aesthetics 485 34 Applied Aesthetics 487 David Davies 35 Thought Experiments in Aesthetics 501 Paisley Livingston and Mikael Pettersson 36 Aesthetic Value, Artistic Value, and Morality 514 Andrea Sauchelli 37 The Applied Philosophy of Humor 527 Noel Carroll Part VIII Philosophy of Religion 539 38 Applied Philosophy of Religion 541 C.A.J. Coady 39 Thinking about Reported Miracles 555 Timothy Mcgrew 40 Religion and Neuroscience 567 Monima Chadha Part IX History of Applied Philosophy 583 41 Ancient Applied Philosophy 585 Chris Megone 42 Modern Applied Philosophy: Kant on Theory and Practice 599 Allen Wood Index 612.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118869130 20170418
Applied philosophy has been a growing area of research for the last 40 years. Until now, however, almost all of this research has been centered around the field of ethics. A Companion to Applied Philosophy breaks new ground, demonstrating that all areasof philosophy, including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, and philosophy of mind, can be applied, and are relevant to questions of everyday life. This perennial topic in philosophy provides an overview of these various applied philosophy developments, highlighting similarities and differences between various areas of applied philosophy, and examining the very nature of this topic. It is an area to which many of the towering figures in the history of philosophy have contributed, and this timely Companion demonstrates how various historical contributions are actually contributions within applied philosophy, even if they are not traditionally seen as such. The Companion contains 42 essays covering major areas of philosophy; the articles themselves are all original contributions to the literature and represent the state of the art on this topic, as well as offering a map to the current debates.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118869130 20170418
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xix, 604 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Machine generated contents note: 1. Mill's Mind: A Biographical Sketch
  • 2. Mill's Epiphanies / Richard V. Reeves
  • 3. The Afterlife of John Stuart Mill, 1874-1879 / Elijah Millgram
  • 4. Mill's Autobiography as Literature / David Stack
  • 5. Mill and the Classics / Samuel Clark
  • 6. Roots of Mill's Radicalism / Robert Devigne
  • 7. British Critics of Utilitarianism / Peter Niesen
  • 8. Harriet Taylor Mill / Bruce Kinzer
  • 9. The French Influence / Helen McCabe
  • 10. Psychology, Associationism, and Ethology / Vincent Guillin
  • 11. Mill on Race and Gender / Terence Ball
  • 12. Mill on Logic / C.L. Ten
  • 13. Mill's Epistemology / David Godden
  • 14. Mill's Philosophy of Language / Richard Fumerton
  • 15. Mill on Metaphysics / Frederick Kroon
  • 16. Mill's Philosophy of Science / Nicholas Capaldi
  • 17. Mill's Aesthetics / Aaron D. Cobb
  • 18. Mill on History^^
  • Antis Loizides
  • 19. Mill's Philosophy of Religion / Christopher Macleod
  • 20. Mill's Art of Life / Lou J. Matz
  • 21. Mill's Conception of Happiness / Guy Fletcher
  • 22. The Proof / Ben Saunders
  • 23. Mill on Utilitarian Sanctions / Henry R. West
  • 24. Mill's Moral Standard / Jonathan Riley
  • 25. Mill on Justice and Rights / Ben Eggleston
  • 26. Mill and Virtue / David O. Brink
  • 27. The Harm Principle / Brian McElwee
  • 28. Mill on Individuality / D.G. Brown
  • 29. Mill on Freedom of Speech / Wendy Donner
  • 30. Mill on Democracy Revisited / Daniel Jacobson
  • 31. Mill on the Family / Georgios Varouxakis
  • 32. Mill's Normative Economics / Dale E. Miller
  • 33. Mill on Education and Schooling / Gerald Gaus
  • 34. Mill on Colonialism / Graham Finlay
  • 35. Mill, German Idealism, and the Analytic/Continental Divide / Don A. Habibi
  • 36. Mill and Modern Utilitarianism^^
  • John Skorupski
  • 37. Mill and Modern Liberalism / William H. Shaw.
This Companion offers a state-of-the-art survey of the work of John Stuart Mill, one which covers the historical influences on Mill, his, theoretical, moral, and social philosophy and his relation to contemporary movements. Its contributors include both senior scholars with established expertise in Mill's thought and new emerging interpreters. Each essay acts as a "go-to" resource for those seeking to understand a particular aspect of Mill's thought or to familiarize themselves with the contours of a debate within the scholarship.
The Companion is a key reference on Mill's theory of liberty and utilitarianism, but also surveys lesser-known aspects of his work, such as his epistemology, metaphysics, and philosophy of language. The volume is divided into six sections which together explore Mill's life and scholarly career. Following an examination of Mill's life-including his own autobiographical reflections and the emergence of his immediate posthumous reputation-the volume brings together an accessible and comprehensive summary of the various influences on Mill's work, and offers an account of the foundations of his philosophy. Later essays tackle issues from Mill's moral and social philosophy, and the collection concludes with a treatment of the broader aspects of Mill's thought, tracing his relation to major movements in philosophy.
Christopher Macleod is Lecturer in Political Philosophy at the University of Lancaster. His current research focuses on Mill's theoretical philosophy and his theory of normativity.
Dale E. Miller is Professor of Philosophy at Old Dominion University in the US. --Book Jacket.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xvii, 530 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Re-reading The second sex. Reception and Scholarship. Beauvoir's Transdisciplinarity : From Philosophy to Gender Theory / Stella Sandford
  • Intellectual and Social Context of The Second Sex / Sandra Reineke
  • "The Limits of the Abject." The Reception of Le Deuxième Sexe in 1949 / Ingrid Galster
  • Simone de Beauvoir and the Race/Gender Analogy in The Second Sex Revisited / Kathryn T. Gines
  • Two English Translations of Simone de Beauvoir's The Second Sex / Emily R. Grosholz
  • Central Themes. Beauvoir and the Biological Body / Ruth Groenhout
  • Becoming Bodies / Emily Anne Parker
  • Drama of Independence: Narcissism, Childhood, and the Family Complexes / Emily Zakin
  • Second Sexuality : Training in the Work of Simone de Beauvoir and Michel Foucault / Mary Beth Mader
  • Beauvoir and the Ambiguities of Motherhood / Alison Stone
  • Labouring with Beauvoir : In Search of the Embodied Subject in Childbirth / Sara Cohen Shabot
  • Simone de Beauvoir on Motherhood and Destiny / Nancy Bauer
  • Love
  • According to Simone de Beauvoir / Tove Pettersen
  • Why is Woman the Other? / Tanella Boni
  • Beauvoir's intellectual engagements. Beauvoir and Hegel / Kimberly Hutchings
  • Simone de Beauvoir's Relation to Hegel's Absolute / Zeynep Direk
  • Beauvoir and Merleau-Ponty / Jennifer McWeeny
  • Beauvoir and Merleau-Ponty on Freedom and Authenticity / William Wilkerson
  • Beauvoir and the Marxism Question / Sonia Kruks
  • Beauvoir Between Structuralism and 'Aleatory Materialism" / Eva D. Bahovec
  • Unweaving the Threads of Influence : Beauvoir and Sartre / Christine Daigle
  • Beyond the Second sex. Beauvoir's Ethics and Political Philosophy. "Pyrrhus and Cineas" : The Conditions of a Meaningful Life / Kristana Arp
  • Separation and Queer Connection in The Ethics of Ambiguity / Laura Hengehold
  • Simone de Beauvoir on Violence and Politics / Lori J. Marso
  • Why Rape? Lessons from The Second Sex / Debra Bergoffen
  • Simone de Beauvoir, Women's Oppression and Existential Freedom / Patricia Hill Collins
  • Beauvoir and the Art of Philosophical Fiction. Beauvoir as Literary Writer / Meryl Altman
  • Simone de Beauvoir and the Dialectic of Desire in L'Invitèe / Anee van Leeuwen
  • Failure of Female Identity in Simone de Beauvoir's Fiction / Shannon M. Mussett
  • Power of Literature : Simone de Beauvoir's Les Mandarins and the Metaphysical Novel / Sally J. Scholz
  • Beauvoir's Scope : Memory, History, and Age. Beauvoir, Philosophy, and Autobiography / Margaret A. Simons
  • Witnessing Self, Witnessing Other in Beauvoir's Life Writings / Ursula Tidd
  • Simone de Beauvoir: Women and Philosophy of History / Michel Kail
  • Post-War World According to Beauvoir / William McBride
  • Afterlives : Beauvoir's Old Age and the Intersections of The Second Sex / Penelope Deutscher
  • Beauvoir and contemporary feminism. Race After Beauvoir / Shannon Sullivan
  • Who Is the Subject of The Second Sex? Life, Science, and Transmasculine Embodiment in Beauvoir's Chapter on Biology / A. Alexander Antonopoulos
  • Misunderstanding in Paris / Karen Vintges
  • Beauvoir's Legacy to the Quartiers : The Changing Face of French Feminism / Diane Perpich
  • Second Languaging The Second Sex, Its Conceptual Genius : A Translingual Contemporization of "On ne nait pas femme: on le devient." / Kyoo Lee.
The work of Simone de Beauvoir has endured and flowered in the last two decades, thanks primarily to the lasting influence of The Second Sex on the rise of academic discussions of gender, sexuality, and old age. Now, in this new Companion dedicated to her life and writings, an international assembly of prominent scholars, essayists, and leading interpreters reflect upon the range of Beauvoir s contribution to philosophy as one of the great authors, thinkers, and public intellectuals of the twentieth century. The Companion examines Beauvoir s rich intellectual life from a variety of angles including literary, historical, and anthropological perspectives and situates her in relation to her forbears and contemporaries in the philosophical canon. Essays in each of four thematic sections reveal the breadth and acuity of her insight, from the significance of The Second Sex and her work on the metaphysics of gender to her plentiful contributions in ethics and political philosophy. Later chapters trace the relationship between Beauvoir s philosophical and literary work and open up her scholarship to global issues, questions of race, and the legacy of colonialism and sexism. The volume concludes by considering her impact on contemporary feminist thought writ large, and features pioneering work from a new generation of Beauvoir scholars. Ambitious and unprecedented in scope, A Companion to Simone de Beauvoir is an accessible and interdisciplinary resource for students, teachers, and researchers across the humanities and social sciences.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118796023 20171023
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
2 volumes (xvii, 1146 pages) ; 25 cm.
Providing up-to-date, in-depth coverage of the central question, and written and edited by some of the foremost practitioners in the field, this timely new edition will no doubt be a go-to reference for anyone with a serious interest in the philosophy of language. Kathrin Gluer-Pagin, Stockholm University Now published in two volumes, the second edition of the best-selling Companion to the Philosophy of Language provides a complete survey of contemporary philosophy of language. The Companion has been greatly extended and now includes a monumental 17 new essays with topics chosen by the editors, who curated suggestions from current contributors and almost all of the 25 original chapters have been updated to take account of recent developments in the field. In addition to providing a synoptic view of the key issues, figures, concepts, and debates, each essay introduces new and original contributions to ongoing debates, as well as addressing a number of new areas of interest, including two-dimensional semantics, modality and epistemic modals, and semantic relationism. The extended state-of-the-art chapter format allows the authors, all of whom are internationally eminent scholars in the field, to incorporate original research to a far greater degree than competitor volumes. Unrivaled in scope, this volume represents the best contemporary critical thinking relating to the philosophy of language.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118974711 20170731
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xvii, 785 pages ; 26 cm.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
ix, 398 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors vii Introduction: Confucius and Confucianism 1Paul R. Goldin Part I Representations of Confucius 13 1 Early Sources for Confucius 15Michael Hunter 2 Confucius in Excavated Warring States Manuscripts 35Scott Cook 3 The Unorthodox Master: The Serious and the Playful in Depictions of Confucius 52Oliver Weingarten 4 Representations of Confucius in Apocrypha of the First Century ce 75Zhao Lu 5 Visual Representations of Confucius 93Julia K. Murray Part II Confucian Ideas 131 6 Le in the Analects 133Kwong-loi Shun 7 Women in the Analects 148Anne Behnke Kinney 8 Confucius Elitism: The Concepts of junzi and xiaoren Revisited 164Yuri Pines 9 Confucius and Filial Piety 185Thomas Radice 10 The Gentleman s Views on Warfare according to the Gongyang Commentary 208Sarah A. Queen 11 Comparisons with Western Philosophy 229Erin M. Cline Part III The Legacy of Confucius in Imperial China 247 12 From Uncrowned King to the Sage of Profound Greatness: Confucius and the Analects in Early Medieval China 249Alan K. L. Chan 13 The Reception of The Classic of Filial Piety from Medieval to Late Imperial China 268Miaw-fen Lu 14 Kongzi as the Uncrowned King in some Qing Gongyang Exegeses 286On-cho Ng Part IV Confucius and New Confucianisms in Modern East Asia 305 15 Confucianism, Capitalism, and Shibusawa Eiichi s The Analects and the Abacus 307John A. Tucker 16 Confucius in the May Fourth Era 330Q. Edward Wang 17 New Confucianism 352Yong Huang Index 375.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118783870 20180306
This authoritative collection surveys the teachings of Confucius, and illustrates his importance throughout Chinese history in one focused and incisive volume. A Concise Companion to Confucius offers a succinct introduction to one of East Asia s most widely-revered historical figures, providing essential coverage of his legacy at a manageable length. The volume embraces Confucius as philosopher, teacher, politician, and sage, and curates a collection of key perspectives on his life and teachings from a team of distinguished scholars in philosophy, history, religious studies, and the history of art. Taken together, chapters encourage specialists to read across disciplinary boundaries, provide nuanced paths of introduction for students, and engage interested readers who want to expand their understanding of the great Chinese master. Divided into four distinct sections, the Concise Companion depicts a coherent figure of Confucius by examining his diverse representations from antiquity through to the modern world. Readers are guided through the intellectual and cultural influences that helped shape the development of Confucian philosophy and its reception among late imperial literati in medieval China. Later essays consider Confucius s engagement with topics such as warfare, women, and Western philosophy, which remain fruitful avenues of philosophical inquiry today. The collection concludes by exploring the significance of Confucian thought in East Asia s contemporary landscape and the major intellectual movements which are reviving and rethinking his work for the twenty-first century. An indispensable resource, A Concise Companion to Confucius blazes an authoritative trail through centuries of scholarship to offer exceptional insight into one of history s earliest and most influential ancient philosophers. A Concise Companion to Confucius: Provides readers with a broad range of perspectives on the ancient philosopherTraces the significance of Confucius throughout Chinese history past, present, and futureOffers a unique, interdisciplinary overview of ConfucianismCurated by a team of distinguished scholars in philosophy, history, religious studies, and the history of art A Concise Companion to Confucius is an ideal text for undergraduate and graduate courses on Confucius and Confucianism. It is also fascinating and informative reading for anyone interested in learning more about one of history s most influential philosophers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118783870 20180306
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xx, 397 pages ; 24 cm
  • 1. Ethics and economics?-- 2. Ethics in welfare economics-- 3. Ethics in positive economics: two examples-- Part I. Rationality, Morality, and Markets: 4. Rationality and utility theory-- 5. Rationality and morality in positive economics-- 6. The ethical limits to markets-- Part II. Welfare and Consequences: 7. Utilitarianism, consequentialism, and justice-- 8. Welfare-- 9. Welfare economics-- Part III. Liberty, Rights, Equality and Justice: 10. Liberty, rights and libertarianism-- 11. Equality and egalitarianism-- 12. Justice and contractualism-- Part IV. Moral Mathematics: 13. Social choice theory-- 14. Game theory-- Conclusions: 15. Putting economics and ethics to work-- 16. Economics and ethics, hand in hand-- Appendix.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107158313 20170424
This book shows through argument and numerous policy-related examples how understanding moral philosophy can improve economic analysis, how moral philosophy can benefit from economists' analytical tools, and how economic analysis and moral philosophy together can inform public policy. Part I explores the idea of rationality and its connections to ethics, arguing that when they defend their formal model of rationality, most economists implicitly espouse contestable moral principles. Part II addresses the nature and measurement of welfare, utilitarianism and cost-benefit analysis. Part III discusses freedom, rights, equality, and justice - moral notions that are relevant to evaluating policies, but which have played little if any role in conventional welfare economics. Finally, Part IV explores work in social choice theory and game theory that is relevant to moral decision making. Each chapter includes recommended reading and discussion questions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107158313 20170424
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)

11. Einstein [2017]

xxii, 405 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.
  • Chronology Introduction 1. Life and Works Part 1: Quantum theory 2. On the road to Planck 1900 3. Contributions to the old quantum theory 4. Quantum mechanics Part 2: Relativity 5. Special relativity 6. General relativity Part 3: Geometry and philosophy 7. Geometry and experience 8. Philosophy of science - realism 9. Philosophy of science - constructivism 10. Philosophy of science - rationalism 11. Influence and Legacy Glossary Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415773270 20171227
Albert Einstein (1879-1955) was the most influential physicist of the 20th century. Less well known is that fundamental philosophical problems, such as concept formation, the role of epistemology in developing and explaining the character of physical theories, and the debate between positivism and realism, played a central role in his thought as a whole. Thomas Ryckman shows that already at the beginning of his career - at a time when the twin pillars of classical physics, Newtonian mechanics and Maxwell's electromagnetism were known to have but limited validity - Einstein sought to advance physical theory by positing certain physical principles as secure footholds. That philosophy produced his greatest triumph, the general theory of relativity, and his greatest failure, an unwillingness to accept quantum mechanics. This book shows that Einstein's philosophy grew from a lifelong aspiration for a unified theoretical representation encompassing all physical phenomena. It also considers how Einstein's theories of relativity and criticisms of quantum theory shaped the course of 20th-century philosophy of science. Including a chronology, glossary, chapter summaries, and suggestions for further reading, Einstein is an ideal introduction to this iconic figure in 20th-century science and philosophy. It is essential reading for students of philosophy of science, and is also suitable for those working in related areas such as physics, history of science, or intellectual history.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415773270 20171227
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xviii, 476 pages, 2 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm
  • Turning our world upside down. Introduction ; Before bacteria and Bach ; On the origin of reasons ; Two strange inversions of reasoning ; The evolution of understanding
  • From evolution to intelligent design. What is information? ; Darwinian spaces: an interlude ; Brains made of brains ; The role of words in cultural evolution ; The meme's-eye point of view ; What's wrong with memes? Objections and replies ; The origins of language ; The evolution of cultural evolution
  • Turning our minds inside out. Consciousness as an evolved user-illusion ; The age of post-intelligent design.
How did we come to have minds? For centuries, this question has intrigued psychologists, physicists, poets, and philosophers, who have wondered how the human mind developed its unrivaled ability to create, imagine, and explain. Disciples of Darwin have long aspired to explain how consciousness, language, and culture could have appeared through natural selection, blazing promising trails that tend, however, to end in confusion and controversy. Even though our understanding of the inner workings of proteins, neurons, and DNA is deeper than ever before, the matter of how our minds came to be has largely remained a mystery. That is now changing, says Daniel C. Dennett. In From Bacteria to Bach and Back, his most comprehensive exploration of evolutionary thinking yet, he builds on ideas from computer science and biology to show how a comprehending mind could in fact have arisen from a mindless process of natural selection. Part philosophical whodunit, part bold scientific conjecture, this landmark work enlarges themes that have sustained Dennett's legendary career at the forefront of philosophical thought. In his inimitable style-laced with wit and arresting thought experiments-Dennett explains that a crucial shift occurred when humans developed the ability to share memes, or ways of doing things not based in genetic instinct. Language, itself composed of memes, turbocharged this interplay. Competition among memes-a form of natural selection-produced thinking tools so well-designed that they gave us the power to design our own memes. The result, a mind that not only perceives and controls but can create and comprehend, was thus largely shaped by the process of cultural evolution. An agenda-setting book for a new generation of philosophers, scientists, and thinkers, From Bacteria to Bach and Back will delight and entertain anyone eager to make sense of how the mind works and how it came about.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780393242072 20170321
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xi, 315 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Part I. Why do states have the right to control immigration? Why does the state have the right to control immigration? / Sarah Song
  • Three mistakes in open borders debates / Adam B. Cox
  • Jurisdiction and exclusion : a response to Sarah Song / Michael Blake
  • Part II. Law's migrations, mobilities, and borders. Bordering by law : the migration of law, crimes, sovereignty, and the mail / Judith Resnik
  • Citizens and persons / James Bohman
  • Commentary on "bordering by law" by Judith Resnik / Jennifer L. Hochschild
  • Part III. Immigration and legitimate international institutions. Democracy, migration, and international institutions / Thomas Christiano
  • Regulatory pluralism and the interests of migrants / Cristina Rodríguez.
Questions of immigration and border enforcement practices are particularly salient in contemporary public discourse, and examinations of policy and practice bring forth new philosophical quandaries. Why the common assumption that each country has the right to control its own borders? How are laws that restrict or regulate migration created and justified? Why has the criminalization of migration increased? How can migration be better considered through the point of view of the migrants themselves? What are the differences in international and national institutional migratory policy? Immigration, Emigration and Migration consists of essays written by distinguished scholars across the fields of law, political science, and philosophy that examine questions of travel and migration across national borders. The volume explores questions of border control and enforcement, criminalization of borders, and how to address current debates and changes in regards to migration and immigration. The intersection of analysis and prescription provides both an assessment of current forms of thought or regulation and suggestion of alterations to address the flaws or failures of present approaches. The eight essays in this volume reflect a variety of considerations and explorations across interdisciplinary lines, and provide a new and thought-provoking discussion of policy, practice, and philosophy of migratory and border practices.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781479860951 20170515
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
vii, 275 pages ; 25 cm.
  • 1. The applicability of mathematics in science: a problem?.- 2. Form and Content. Mathematics as a formal science.- 3. Mathematical ontology: what does it mean to exist?.- 4. Mathematical structures: what are they and how do we know them?.- 5. Playing with structures: the applicability of mathematics.- 6. How to use mathematics to find out how the world is.- 7. Logical, epistemological, and philosophical conclusions.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319630724 20171017
This monograph offers a fresh perspective on the applicability of mathematics in science. It explores what mathematics must be so that its applications to the empirical world do not constitute a mystery. In the process, readers are presented with a new version of mathematical structuralism.The author details a philosophy of mathematics in which the problem of its applicability, particularly in physics, in all its forms can be explained and justified. Chapters cover: mathematics as a formal science, mathematical ontology: what does it mean to exist, mathematical structures: what are they and how do we know them, how different layers of mathematical structuring relate to each other and to perceptual structures, and how to use mathematics to find out how the world is.The book simultaneously develops along two lines, both inspired and enlightened by Edmund Husserl's phenomenological philosophy. One line leads to the establishment of a particular version of mathematical structuralism, free of "naturalist" and empiricist bias. The other leads to a logical-epistemological explanation and justification of the applicability of mathematics carried out within a unique structuralist perspective. This second line points to the "unreasonable" effectiveness of mathematics in physics as a means of representation, a tool, and a source of not always logically justified but useful and effective heuristic strategies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319630724 20171017
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)

15. Metaphysics [2017]

448 pages ; 23 cm.
  • Part and whole, again / Karen Bennett
  • Is there a humean account of quantities? / Phillip Bricker
  • Real definitions / Fabrice Correia
  • Constitutive explanation / Shamik Dasgupta
  • Naive metaphysics / Kit Fine
  • Free will and ultimate explanation / Boris Kment
  • Copredication and property inheritance / David Liebesman and Ofra Magidor
  • Normative accounts of fundamentality / Kris McDaniel
  • Anything I can do (with respect to truthmaking), you can do better (or just as well): truthmaking and non-presentist dynamism / Kristie Miller
  • Phenomenal feel as process / L.A. Paul
  • How to be a substantivalist without getting shifty about it / Zee R. Perry
  • The world is the totality of facts, not of things / Agustín Rayo
  • Ground by law / Gideon Rosen
  • Laws for metaphysical explanation / Jonathan Schaffer
  • The naïve conception of properties / Benjamin Schnieder
  • Personal volatility / Meghan Sullivan
  • Metaphysics and conceptual negotiation / Amie L. Thomasson
  • Ideology in a desert landscape / Alessandro Torza
  • To have and to hold / Tatjana von Solodkoff and Richard Woodward
  • Sophisticated modal primitivism / Tobias Wilsch.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xii, 154 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • 1. Introduction and Motivation 1.1 Subset Spaces 1.2 Language and Semantics 1.3 Why Non-Normal Modal Logic? 1.4 Why Neighborhood Structures? 2. Core Theory 2.1 Expressive Power and Invariance 2.2 Alternative Semantics for Non-Normal Modal Logic 2.3 The Landscape of Non-Normal Modal Logic 2.4 Computational Issues 2.5 Frame Correspondence 2.6 Translations3. Richer Languages 3.1 Universal Modality and Nominals 3.2 First-Order Neighborhood Structures 3.3 Common Belief on Neighborhood Structures 3.4 Dynamics with Neighborhoods: Game Logic 3.5 Dynamics on Neighborhood StructuresA. Relational Semantics for Modal Logic A.1 Definability A.2 Normal Modal Logics.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319671482 20180306
This book offers a state-of-the-art introduction to the basic techniques and results of neighborhood semantics for modal logic. In addition to presenting the relevant technical background, it highlights both the pitfalls and potential uses of neighborhood models - an interesting class of mathematical structures that were originally introduced to provide a semantics for weak systems of modal logic (the so-called non-normal modal logics). In addition, the book discusses a broad range of topics, including standard modal logic results (i.e., completeness, decidability and definability); bisimulations for neighborhood models and other model-theoretic constructions; comparisons with other semantics for modal logic (e.g., relational models, topological models, plausibility models); neighborhood semantics for first-order modal logic, applications in game theory (coalitional logic and game logic); applications in epistemic logic (logics of evidence and belief); and non-normal modal logics with dynamic modalities.The book can be used as the primary text for seminars on philosophical logic focused on non-normal modal logics; as a supplemental text for courses on modal logic, logic in AI, or philosophical logic (either at the undergraduate or graduate level); or as the primary source for researchers interested in learning about the uses of neighborhood semantics in philosophical logic and game theory.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319671482 20180306
Philosophy Library (Tanner)

17. On human nature [2017]

151 pages ; 22 cm
  • Preface vii 1 Human Kind 1 2 Human Relations 50 3 The Moral Life 79 4 Sacred Obligations 113 Index of Names 145 Index of Subjects 149.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691168753 20170321
In this short book, acclaimed writer and philosopher Roger Scruton presents an original and radical defense of human uniqueness. Confronting the views of evolutionary psychologists, utilitarian moralists, and philosophical materialists such as Richard Dawkins and Daniel Dennett, Scruton argues that human beings cannot be understood simply as biological objects. We are not only human animals; we are also persons, in essential relation with other persons, and bound to them by obligations and rights. Our world is a shared world, exhibiting freedom, value, and accountability, and to understand it we must address other people face to face and I to I. Scruton develops and defends his account of human nature by ranging widely across intellectual history, from Plato and Averroes to Darwin and Wittgenstein. The book begins with Kant's suggestion that we are distinguished by our ability to say "I"--by our sense of ourselves as the centers of self-conscious reflection. This fact is manifested in our emotions, interests, and relations. It is the foundation of the moral sense, as well as of the aesthetic and religious conceptions through which we shape the human world and endow it with meaning. And it lies outside the scope of modern materialist philosophy, even though it is a natural and not a supernatural fact. Ultimately, Scruton offers a new way of understanding how self-consciousness affects the question of how we should live. The result is a rich view of human nature that challenges some of today's most fashionable ideas about our species.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691168753 20170321
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
vi, 203 pages ; 23 cm.
  • Acknowledgments vii Introduction 1 1 Mathematics as a Philosophical Challenge 4 2 Frege's Logicism 21 3 Formalism and Deductivism 38 4 Hilbert's Program 56 5 Intuitionism 73 6 Empiricism about Mathematics 88 7 Nominalism 101 8 Mathematical Intuition 116 9 Abstraction Reconsidered 126 10 The Iterative Conception of Sets 139 11 Structuralism 154 12 The Quest for New Axioms 170 Concluding Remarks 183 Bibliography 189 Index 199.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691161402 20171227
A sophisticated, original introduction to the philosophy of mathematics from one of its leading contemporary scholars Mathematics is one of humanity's most successful yet puzzling endeavors. It is a model of precision and objectivity, but appears distinct from the empirical sciences because it seems to deliver nonexperiential knowledge of a nonphysical reality of numbers, sets, and functions. How can these two aspects of mathematics be reconciled? This concise book provides a systematic yet accessible introduction to the field that is trying to answer that question: the philosophy of mathematics. Written by Oystein Linnebo, one of the world's leading scholars on the subject, the book introduces all of the classical approaches to the field, including logicism, formalism, intuitionism, empiricism, and structuralism. It also contains accessible introductions to some more specialized issues, such as mathematical intuition, potential infinity, the iterative conception of sets, and the search for new mathematical axioms. The groundbreaking work of German mathematician and philosopher Gottlob Frege, one of the founders of analytic philosophy, figures prominently throughout the book. Other important thinkers whose work is introduced and discussed include Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill, David Hilbert, Kurt Godel, W. V. Quine, Paul Benacerraf, and Hartry H. Field. Sophisticated but clear and approachable, this is an essential introduction for all students and teachers of philosophy, as well as mathematicians and others who want to understand the foundations of mathematics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691161402 20171227
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
vi, 299 pages ; 24 cm
Trust is central to our social lives. We know by trusting what others tell us. We act on that basis, and on the basis of trust in their promises and implicit commitments. So trust underpins both epistemic and practical cooperation and is key to philosophical debates on the conditions of its possibility. It is difficult to overstate the significance of these issues. On the practical side, discussions of cooperation address what makes society possible-of how it is that life is not a Hobbesian war of all against all. On the epistemic side, discussions of cooperation address what makes the pooling of knowledge possible-and so the edifice that is science. But trust is not merely central to our lives instrumentally; trusting relations are themselves of great value, and in trusting others, we realise distinctive forms of value. What are these forms of value, and how is trust central to our lives? These questions are explored and developed in this volume, which collects fifteen new essays on the philosophy of trust. They develop and extend existing philosophical discussion of trust and will provide a reference point for future work on trust.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198732549 20170418
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
vii, 295 pages ; 25 cm
  • Introduction : "But we can always err!"
  • Part 1. Knowledge and reason
  • I. Finite knowledge
  • Who are "we"?: a Kantian answer
  • Knowledge from the standpoint of reason
  • The dogma : justification without truth
  • The puzzle : truth-guaranteeing grounds
  • II. Finite justification
  • Agrippa's trilemma
  • Two answers to Agrippa's trilemma
  • The category of a truth-guaranteeing ground
  • Are we familiar with grounds belonging to this category?
  • The role of perceptual grounds
  • Part 2. The primacy of knowledge
  • III. Doubting knowledge
  • Objectivity and the possibility of error
  • The paradox of knowledge
  • Is philosophy necessarily skeptical?
  • IV. The dilemma of epistemology
  • The general redemption strategy : less is more!
  • The internalist variant
  • The externalist variant
  • The paradox returns
  • V. What are grounds?
  • The rigorous reading : Hume and Kant
  • Grounds and facts
  • A transcendental argument
  • Causality or normativity : a false dichotomy
  • The primacy of knowledge
  • Part 3. The nature of knowledge
  • VI. Rational capacities
  • The category of a rational capacity
  • Rational capacities as constitutive unities
  • Habits and regulative rules
  • The normativity of rational capacities
  • Aristotle's conception of a dynamis meta logou
  • Rational capacities as self-conscious, normative explanations
  • VII. Rational capacities for knowledge
  • Knowledge as rational capacity
  • Knowledge of the explanation of knowledge
  • Knowledge as self-conscious actualization of a norm
  • Knowledge and non-accidentality
  • VIII. Rational capacities and circumstances
  • The asymmetry of knowledge and error
  • Favorable and unfavorable circumstances
  • Fallible capacities and knowledge
  • Doxastic responsibility and knowledge
  • Part 4. The teleology of knowledge
  • IX. The teleology of capacities
  • Virtue epistemology and "epistemic capacities" : a critique
  • Capacities as a species of teleological causality: a Kantian approach
  • Kant's refutation of the idea of an "implanted subjective disposition"
  • Knowledge as a self-constituting capacity
  • X. Knowledge and practice
  • Rational capacities and practice
  • How does one acquire a rational capacity fo knowledge?
  • Knowledge and objectivity
  • Skepticism and philosophy.
How can human beings, who are liable to error, possess knowledge? The skeptic finds this question impossible to answer. If we can err, then it seems the grounds on which we believe do not rule out that we are wrong. Most contemporary epistemologists agree with the skeptic that we can never believe on grounds that exclude error. Sources of Knowledge moves beyond this predicament by demonstrating that some major problems of contemporary philosophy have their roots in the lack of a metaphysical category that is fundamental to our self-understanding: the category of a rational capacity for knowledge.Andrea Kern argues that we can disarm skeptical doubt by conceiving knowledge as an act of a rational capacity. This enables us to appreciate human fallibility without falling into skepticism, for it allows us to understand how we can form beliefs about the world on grounds that exclude error. Knowledge is a fundamental capacity of the human mind. Human beings, as such, are knowers. In this way, Sources of Knowledge seeks to understand knowledge from within our self-understanding as knowers. It develops a metaphysics of the human mind as existing through knowledge of itself, which knowledge as the human being is finite takes the form of a capacity.Regaining the concept of a rational capacity for knowledge, Kern makes a powerful and original contribution to philosophy that reinvigorates the tradition of Aristotle and Kant thinkers whose relevance for contemporary epistemology has yet to be fully appreciated.".
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780674416116 20170227
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)