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Book
xvii, 697 pages ; 26 cm.
  • Contents Contributors Acknowledgements Preface Introduction: The Nature and Explanatory Ambitions of Metaethics Tristram McPherson, and David Plunkett I. ã ã ã ã ã ã Central Organizing Options in Metaethics Non-Naturalistic Realism in Metaethics David Enoch Naturalistic Realism in Metaethics Peter Railton Error Theory in MetaethicsJonas Olson Fictionalism in MetaethicsRichard Joyce Metaethical Expressivism Elisabeth Camp Metaethical Contextualism Alex Silk Metaethical Relativism Isidora Stojanovic II.ã ã ã Central Problems and Strategies in Metaethics Realism and Objectivity Billy Dunaway Metaphysical Relations in Metaethics Gideon Rosen The Supervenience Challenge to Non-Naturalism Pekka Vayrynen Vagueness and Indeterminacy in Ethics Tom Dougherty Deontic Modals Jennifer Carr Thick Concepts Debbie Roberts The Frege-Geach Problem Jack Woods Hybrid Accounts of Ethical Thought and Talk Teemu Toppinen Conceptual Role Accounts of Meaning in Metaethics Matthew Chrisman The Significance of Ethical Disagreement for Theories of Ethical Thought and Talk Gunnar Bjornsson Cognitivism and Non-Cognitivism Matthew S. Bedke Ethical Judgment and Motivation David Faraci and Tristram McPherson Reasons Internalism Errol Lord and David Plunkett The Wrong Kind of Reasons Howard Nye Mind-Dependence and Moral Realism Connie S. Rosati Constitutivism Michael Smith Constructivism Melissa Barry Normativity and Agency Hille Paakkunainen Mores and Morals: Metaethics and the Social World Kenneth Walden The Autonomy of Ethics Barry Maguire Explanatory Challenges in Metaethics Joshua Schechter Ethical Expertise Karen Jones and Francois Schroeter Intuitionism in Moral Epistemology Elizabeth Tropman Moral Scepticism Matt Lutz and Jacob Ross The Epistemic Significance of Moral Disagreement Dustin Locke III. The status and methodology of metaethics Metasemantics and Metaethics Laura Schroeter and Francois Schroeter Conceptual Analysis in Metaethics Nicholas Laskowski and Stephen Finlay Ethics and Morality Stephen Darwall The Varieties of Normativity Derek Baker Pragmatism and Metaethics Andrew Sepielli Feminism and Metaethics Amia Srinivasan Experimental Philosophy and Moral Theory Chandra Sripada Quasi-realism Terence Cuneo Metaethical Quietism Karl Schafer and Doug Kremm Methodological Naturalism in Metaethics ã Daniel Nolan Normative Ethics and Metaethics ã Mark Schroeder Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138812208 20171023
This Handbook surveys the contemporary state of the burgeoning field of metaethics. Forty-three chapters, all written exclusively for this volume, provide expert introductions to: the central research programs that frame metaethical discussions the central explanatory challenges, resources, and strategies that inform contemporary work in those research programs debates over the status of metaethics, and the appropriate methods to use in metaethical inquiry This is essential reading for anyone with a serious interest in metaethics, from those coming to it for the first time to those actively pursuing research in the field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138812208 20171023
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xix, 640 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors ix Foreword xvi Acknowledgments xix Part I Introductory Articles 1 1 The Nature of Applied Philosophy 3 Kasper Lippert ]Rasmussen 2 The Methodology of Applied Philosophy 18 David Archard 3 The Value of Applied Philosophy 34 Suzanne Uniacke Part II Epistemology 49 4 Applied Epistemology 51 David Coady 5 Gender and Feminist Epistemology 61 Nancy Daukas 6 The Epistemology of Deliberative Democracy 76 Fabienne Peter 7 Information Markets 89 Kristoffer Ahlstrom ]Vij 8 Epistemology for (Real) People 103 Michael Bishop and J.D. Trout 9 Are Conspiracy Theorists Epistemically Vicious? 120 Charles R. Pigden 10 Experts in the Climate Change Debate 133 Ben Almassi 11 Freedom of Expression, Diversity, and Truth 147 Klemens Kappel, Bjorn Hallsson, and Emil F.L. Moller Part III Metaphysics and Philosophy of Language 163 12 Applied Metaphysics 165 Katherine Hawley 13 Applied Philosophy of Language 180 Emma Borg 14 Social Ontology and War 196 Seumas Miller 15 The Metaphysics of Gender 211 Natalie Stoljar 16 The Existence of the Dead 224 Steven Luper 17 Freedom of Expression and Derogatory Words 236 Caroline West Part IV Ethics 253 18 Applied Moral Philosophy 255 Richard Arneson 19 Neuroethics and Responsibility 270 Neil Levy 20 Non ]ideal Theory 284 Zofia Stemplowska 21 Death: Badness and Prudential Reasons 297 Jens Johansson Part V Political Philosophy and Philosophy of Law 311 22 Applied Political and Legal Philosophy 313 Michelle Madden Dempsey and Matthew Lister 23 Legal Human Rights Theory 328 Samantha Besson 24 Collectivism and Reductivism in the Ethics of War 342 Helen Frowe 25 Freedom of Association 356 Kimberley Brownlee 26 Neuroethics and Criminal Justice 370 Jesper Ryberg and Thomas Sobirk Petersen 27 Deliberative Democracy 383 Thomas Christiano and Sameer Bajaj 28 Tax Ethics: Political and Individual 397 Geoffrey Brennan and George Tsai 29 Benefiting from Wrongdoing 411 Avia Pasternak 30 Freedom of Religion and Expression 424 Larry Alexander Part VI Philosophy of Science 439 31 Applied Philosophy of Social Science: The Case of the Social Construction of Race 441 Isaac Wiegman and Ron Mallon 32 Social Constructivism in Social Science and Science Wars 455 Finn Collin 33 Did Climate Change Cause That? 469 Richard Corry Part VII Aesthetics 485 34 Applied Aesthetics 487 David Davies 35 Thought Experiments in Aesthetics 501 Paisley Livingston and Mikael Pettersson 36 Aesthetic Value, Artistic Value, and Morality 514 Andrea Sauchelli 37 The Applied Philosophy of Humor 527 Noel Carroll Part VIII Philosophy of Religion 539 38 Applied Philosophy of Religion 541 C.A.J. Coady 39 Thinking about Reported Miracles 555 Timothy Mcgrew 40 Religion and Neuroscience 567 Monima Chadha Part IX History of Applied Philosophy 583 41 Ancient Applied Philosophy 585 Chris Megone 42 Modern Applied Philosophy: Kant on Theory and Practice 599 Allen Wood Index 612.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118869130 20170418
Applied philosophy has been a growing area of research for the last 40 years. Until now, however, almost all of this research has been centered around the field of ethics. A Companion to Applied Philosophy breaks new ground, demonstrating that all areasof philosophy, including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, and philosophy of mind, can be applied, and are relevant to questions of everyday life. This perennial topic in philosophy provides an overview of these various applied philosophy developments, highlighting similarities and differences between various areas of applied philosophy, and examining the very nature of this topic. It is an area to which many of the towering figures in the history of philosophy have contributed, and this timely Companion demonstrates how various historical contributions are actually contributions within applied philosophy, even if they are not traditionally seen as such. The Companion contains 42 essays covering major areas of philosophy; the articles themselves are all original contributions to the literature and represent the state of the art on this topic, as well as offering a map to the current debates.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118869130 20170418
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xix, 604 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Machine generated contents note: 1. Mill's Mind: A Biographical Sketch
  • 2. Mill's Epiphanies / Richard V. Reeves
  • 3. The Afterlife of John Stuart Mill, 1874-1879 / Elijah Millgram
  • 4. Mill's Autobiography as Literature / David Stack
  • 5. Mill and the Classics / Samuel Clark
  • 6. Roots of Mill's Radicalism / Robert Devigne
  • 7. British Critics of Utilitarianism / Peter Niesen
  • 8. Harriet Taylor Mill / Bruce Kinzer
  • 9. The French Influence / Helen McCabe
  • 10. Psychology, Associationism, and Ethology / Vincent Guillin
  • 11. Mill on Race and Gender / Terence Ball
  • 12. Mill on Logic / C.L. Ten
  • 13. Mill's Epistemology / David Godden
  • 14. Mill's Philosophy of Language / Richard Fumerton
  • 15. Mill on Metaphysics / Frederick Kroon
  • 16. Mill's Philosophy of Science / Nicholas Capaldi
  • 17. Mill's Aesthetics / Aaron D. Cobb
  • 18. Mill on History^^
  • Antis Loizides
  • 19. Mill's Philosophy of Religion / Christopher Macleod
  • 20. Mill's Art of Life / Lou J. Matz
  • 21. Mill's Conception of Happiness / Guy Fletcher
  • 22. The Proof / Ben Saunders
  • 23. Mill on Utilitarian Sanctions / Henry R. West
  • 24. Mill's Moral Standard / Jonathan Riley
  • 25. Mill on Justice and Rights / Ben Eggleston
  • 26. Mill and Virtue / David O. Brink
  • 27. The Harm Principle / Brian McElwee
  • 28. Mill on Individuality / D.G. Brown
  • 29. Mill on Freedom of Speech / Wendy Donner
  • 30. Mill on Democracy Revisited / Daniel Jacobson
  • 31. Mill on the Family / Georgios Varouxakis
  • 32. Mill's Normative Economics / Dale E. Miller
  • 33. Mill on Education and Schooling / Gerald Gaus
  • 34. Mill on Colonialism / Graham Finlay
  • 35. Mill, German Idealism, and the Analytic/Continental Divide / Don A. Habibi
  • 36. Mill and Modern Utilitarianism^^
  • John Skorupski
  • 37. Mill and Modern Liberalism / William H. Shaw.
This Companion offers a state-of-the-art survey of the work of John Stuart Mill, one which covers the historical influences on Mill, his, theoretical, moral, and social philosophy and his relation to contemporary movements. Its contributors include both senior scholars with established expertise in Mill's thought and new emerging interpreters. Each essay acts as a "go-to" resource for those seeking to understand a particular aspect of Mill's thought or to familiarize themselves with the contours of a debate within the scholarship.
The Companion is a key reference on Mill's theory of liberty and utilitarianism, but also surveys lesser-known aspects of his work, such as his epistemology, metaphysics, and philosophy of language. The volume is divided into six sections which together explore Mill's life and scholarly career. Following an examination of Mill's life-including his own autobiographical reflections and the emergence of his immediate posthumous reputation-the volume brings together an accessible and comprehensive summary of the various influences on Mill's work, and offers an account of the foundations of his philosophy. Later essays tackle issues from Mill's moral and social philosophy, and the collection concludes with a treatment of the broader aspects of Mill's thought, tracing his relation to major movements in philosophy.
Christopher Macleod is Lecturer in Political Philosophy at the University of Lancaster. His current research focuses on Mill's theoretical philosophy and his theory of normativity.
Dale E. Miller is Professor of Philosophy at Old Dominion University in the US. --Book Jacket.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
2 volumes (xvii, 1146 pages) ; 25 cm.
Providing up-to-date, in-depth coverage of the central question, and written and edited by some of the foremost practitioners in the field, this timely new edition will no doubt be a go-to reference for anyone with a serious interest in the philosophy of language. Kathrin Gluer-Pagin, Stockholm University Now published in two volumes, the second edition of the best-selling Companion to the Philosophy of Language provides a complete survey of contemporary philosophy of language. The Companion has been greatly extended and now includes a monumental 17 new essays with topics chosen by the editors, who curated suggestions from current contributors and almost all of the 25 original chapters have been updated to take account of recent developments in the field. In addition to providing a synoptic view of the key issues, figures, concepts, and debates, each essay introduces new and original contributions to ongoing debates, as well as addressing a number of new areas of interest, including two-dimensional semantics, modality and epistemic modals, and semantic relationism. The extended state-of-the-art chapter format allows the authors, all of whom are internationally eminent scholars in the field, to incorporate original research to a far greater degree than competitor volumes. Unrivaled in scope, this volume represents the best contemporary critical thinking relating to the philosophy of language.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118974711 20170731
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xvii, 785 pages ; 26 cm.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xx, 397 pages ; 24 cm
  • 1. Ethics and economics?-- 2. Ethics in welfare economics-- 3. Ethics in positive economics: two examples-- Part I. Rationality, Morality, and Markets: 4. Rationality and utility theory-- 5. Rationality and morality in positive economics-- 6. The ethical limits to markets-- Part II. Welfare and Consequences: 7. Utilitarianism, consequentialism, and justice-- 8. Welfare-- 9. Welfare economics-- Part III. Liberty, Rights, Equality and Justice: 10. Liberty, rights and libertarianism-- 11. Equality and egalitarianism-- 12. Justice and contractualism-- Part IV. Moral Mathematics: 13. Social choice theory-- 14. Game theory-- Conclusions: 15. Putting economics and ethics to work-- 16. Economics and ethics, hand in hand-- Appendix.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107158313 20170424
This book shows through argument and numerous policy-related examples how understanding moral philosophy can improve economic analysis, how moral philosophy can benefit from economists' analytical tools, and how economic analysis and moral philosophy together can inform public policy. Part I explores the idea of rationality and its connections to ethics, arguing that when they defend their formal model of rationality, most economists implicitly espouse contestable moral principles. Part II addresses the nature and measurement of welfare, utilitarianism and cost-benefit analysis. Part III discusses freedom, rights, equality, and justice - moral notions that are relevant to evaluating policies, but which have played little if any role in conventional welfare economics. Finally, Part IV explores work in social choice theory and game theory that is relevant to moral decision making. Each chapter includes recommended reading and discussion questions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107158313 20170424
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xviii, 476 pages, 2 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm
  • Turning our world upside down. Introduction ; Before bacteria and Bach ; On the origin of reasons ; Two strange inversions of reasoning ; The evolution of understanding
  • From evolution to intelligent design. What is information? ; Darwinian spaces: an interlude ; Brains made of brains ; The role of words in cultural evolution ; The meme's-eye point of view ; What's wrong with memes? Objections and replies ; The origins of language ; The evolution of cultural evolution
  • Turning our minds inside out. Consciousness as an evolved user-illusion ; The age of post-intelligent design.
How did we come to have minds? For centuries, this question has intrigued psychologists, physicists, poets, and philosophers, who have wondered how the human mind developed its unrivaled ability to create, imagine, and explain. Disciples of Darwin have long aspired to explain how consciousness, language, and culture could have appeared through natural selection, blazing promising trails that tend, however, to end in confusion and controversy. Even though our understanding of the inner workings of proteins, neurons, and DNA is deeper than ever before, the matter of how our minds came to be has largely remained a mystery. That is now changing, says Daniel C. Dennett. In From Bacteria to Bach and Back, his most comprehensive exploration of evolutionary thinking yet, he builds on ideas from computer science and biology to show how a comprehending mind could in fact have arisen from a mindless process of natural selection. Part philosophical whodunit, part bold scientific conjecture, this landmark work enlarges themes that have sustained Dennett's legendary career at the forefront of philosophical thought. In his inimitable style-laced with wit and arresting thought experiments-Dennett explains that a crucial shift occurred when humans developed the ability to share memes, or ways of doing things not based in genetic instinct. Language, itself composed of memes, turbocharged this interplay. Competition among memes-a form of natural selection-produced thinking tools so well-designed that they gave us the power to design our own memes. The result, a mind that not only perceives and controls but can create and comprehend, was thus largely shaped by the process of cultural evolution. An agenda-setting book for a new generation of philosophers, scientists, and thinkers, From Bacteria to Bach and Back will delight and entertain anyone eager to make sense of how the mind works and how it came about.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780393242072 20170321
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xi, 315 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Part I. Why do states have the right to control immigration? Why does the state have the right to control immigration? / Sarah Song
  • Three mistakes in open borders debates / Adam B. Cox
  • Jurisdiction and exclusion : a response to Sarah Song / Michael Blake
  • Part II. Law's migrations, mobilities, and borders. Bordering by law : the migration of law, crimes, sovereignty, and the mail / Judith Resnik
  • Citizens and persons / James Bohman
  • Commentary on "bordering by law" by Judith Resnik / Jennifer L. Hochschild
  • Part III. Immigration and legitimate international institutions. Democracy, migration, and international institutions / Thomas Christiano
  • Regulatory pluralism and the interests of migrants / Cristina Rodríguez.
Questions of immigration and border enforcement practices are particularly salient in contemporary public discourse, and examinations of policy and practice bring forth new philosophical quandaries. Why the common assumption that each country has the right to control its own borders? How are laws that restrict or regulate migration created and justified? Why has the criminalization of migration increased? How can migration be better considered through the point of view of the migrants themselves? What are the differences in international and national institutional migratory policy? Immigration, Emigration and Migration consists of essays written by distinguished scholars across the fields of law, political science, and philosophy that examine questions of travel and migration across national borders. The volume explores questions of border control and enforcement, criminalization of borders, and how to address current debates and changes in regards to migration and immigration. The intersection of analysis and prescription provides both an assessment of current forms of thought or regulation and suggestion of alterations to address the flaws or failures of present approaches. The eight essays in this volume reflect a variety of considerations and explorations across interdisciplinary lines, and provide a new and thought-provoking discussion of policy, practice, and philosophy of migratory and border practices.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781479860951 20170515
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
vii, 275 pages ; 25 cm.
  • 1. The applicability of mathematics in science: a problem?.- 2. Form and Content. Mathematics as a formal science.- 3. Mathematical ontology: what does it mean to exist?.- 4. Mathematical structures: what are they and how do we know them?.- 5. Playing with structures: the applicability of mathematics.- 6. How to use mathematics to find out how the world is.- 7. Logical, epistemological, and philosophical conclusions.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319630724 20171017
This monograph offers a fresh perspective on the applicability of mathematics in science. It explores what mathematics must be so that its applications to the empirical world do not constitute a mystery. In the process, readers are presented with a new version of mathematical structuralism.The author details a philosophy of mathematics in which the problem of its applicability, particularly in physics, in all its forms can be explained and justified. Chapters cover: mathematics as a formal science, mathematical ontology: what does it mean to exist, mathematical structures: what are they and how do we know them, how different layers of mathematical structuring relate to each other and to perceptual structures, and how to use mathematics to find out how the world is.The book simultaneously develops along two lines, both inspired and enlightened by Edmund Husserl's phenomenological philosophy. One line leads to the establishment of a particular version of mathematical structuralism, free of "naturalist" and empiricist bias. The other leads to a logical-epistemological explanation and justification of the applicability of mathematics carried out within a unique structuralist perspective. This second line points to the "unreasonable" effectiveness of mathematics in physics as a means of representation, a tool, and a source of not always logically justified but useful and effective heuristic strategies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319630724 20171017
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)

10. Metaphysics [2017]

Book
448 pages ; 23 cm.
"This volume includes the papers from the 21st Conference of the Sociedad Filosófica Iberoamericana (SOFIA)."
Philosophy Library (Tanner)

11. On human nature [2017]

Book
151 pages ; 22 cm
  • Preface vii 1 Human Kind 1 2 Human Relations 50 3 The Moral Life 79 4 Sacred Obligations 113 Index of Names 145 Index of Subjects 149.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691168753 20170321
In this short book, acclaimed writer and philosopher Roger Scruton presents an original and radical defense of human uniqueness. Confronting the views of evolutionary psychologists, utilitarian moralists, and philosophical materialists such as Richard Dawkins and Daniel Dennett, Scruton argues that human beings cannot be understood simply as biological objects. We are not only human animals; we are also persons, in essential relation with other persons, and bound to them by obligations and rights. Our world is a shared world, exhibiting freedom, value, and accountability, and to understand it we must address other people face to face and I to I. Scruton develops and defends his account of human nature by ranging widely across intellectual history, from Plato and Averroes to Darwin and Wittgenstein. The book begins with Kant's suggestion that we are distinguished by our ability to say "I"--by our sense of ourselves as the centers of self-conscious reflection. This fact is manifested in our emotions, interests, and relations. It is the foundation of the moral sense, as well as of the aesthetic and religious conceptions through which we shape the human world and endow it with meaning. And it lies outside the scope of modern materialist philosophy, even though it is a natural and not a supernatural fact. Ultimately, Scruton offers a new way of understanding how self-consciousness affects the question of how we should live. The result is a rich view of human nature that challenges some of today's most fashionable ideas about our species.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691168753 20170321
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
vi, 299 pages ; 24 cm
Trust is central to our social lives. We know by trusting what others tell us. We act on that basis, and on the basis of trust in their promises and implicit commitments. So trust underpins both epistemic and practical cooperation and is key to philosophical debates on the conditions of its possibility. It is difficult to overstate the significance of these issues. On the practical side, discussions of cooperation address what makes society possible-of how it is that life is not a Hobbesian war of all against all. On the epistemic side, discussions of cooperation address what makes the pooling of knowledge possible-and so the edifice that is science. But trust is not merely central to our lives instrumentally; trusting relations are themselves of great value, and in trusting others, we realise distinctive forms of value. What are these forms of value, and how is trust central to our lives? These questions are explored and developed in this volume, which collects fifteen new essays on the philosophy of trust. They develop and extend existing philosophical discussion of trust and will provide a reference point for future work on trust.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198732549 20170418
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
vii, 295 pages ; 25 cm
  • Introduction : "But we can always err!"
  • Part 1. Knowledge and reason
  • I. Finite knowledge
  • Who are "we"?: a Kantian answer
  • Knowledge from the standpoint of reason
  • The dogma : justification without truth
  • The puzzle : truth-guaranteeing grounds
  • II. Finite justification
  • Agrippa's trilemma
  • Two answers to Agrippa's trilemma
  • The category of a truth-guaranteeing ground
  • Are we familiar with grounds belonging to this category?
  • The role of perceptual grounds
  • Part 2. The primacy of knowledge
  • III. Doubting knowledge
  • Objectivity and the possibility of error
  • The paradox of knowledge
  • Is philosophy necessarily skeptical?
  • IV. The dilemma of epistemology
  • The general redemption strategy : less is more!
  • The internalist variant
  • The externalist variant
  • The paradox returns
  • V. What are grounds?
  • The rigorous reading : Hume and Kant
  • Grounds and facts
  • A transcendental argument
  • Causality or normativity : a false dichotomy
  • The primacy of knowledge
  • Part 3. The nature of knowledge
  • VI. Rational capacities
  • The category of a rational capacity
  • Rational capacities as constitutive unities
  • Habits and regulative rules
  • The normativity of rational capacities
  • Aristotle's conception of a dynamis meta logou
  • Rational capacities as self-conscious, normative explanations
  • VII. Rational capacities for knowledge
  • Knowledge as rational capacity
  • Knowledge of the explanation of knowledge
  • Knowledge as self-conscious actualization of a norm
  • Knowledge and non-accidentality
  • VIII. Rational capacities and circumstances
  • The asymmetry of knowledge and error
  • Favorable and unfavorable circumstances
  • Fallible capacities and knowledge
  • Doxastic responsibility and knowledge
  • Part 4. The teleology of knowledge
  • IX. The teleology of capacities
  • Virtue epistemology and "epistemic capacities" : a critique
  • Capacities as a species of teleological causality: a Kantian approach
  • Kant's refutation of the idea of an "implanted subjective disposition"
  • Knowledge as a self-constituting capacity
  • X. Knowledge and practice
  • Rational capacities and practice
  • How does one acquire a rational capacity fo knowledge?
  • Knowledge and objectivity
  • Skepticism and philosophy.
How can human beings, who are liable to error, possess knowledge? The skeptic finds this question impossible to answer. If we can err, then it seems the grounds on which we believe do not rule out that we are wrong. Most contemporary epistemologists agree with the skeptic that we can never believe on grounds that exclude error. Sources of Knowledge moves beyond this predicament by demonstrating that some major problems of contemporary philosophy have their roots in the lack of a metaphysical category that is fundamental to our self-understanding: the category of a rational capacity for knowledge.Andrea Kern argues that we can disarm skeptical doubt by conceiving knowledge as an act of a rational capacity. This enables us to appreciate human fallibility without falling into skepticism, for it allows us to understand how we can form beliefs about the world on grounds that exclude error. Knowledge is a fundamental capacity of the human mind. Human beings, as such, are knowers. In this way, Sources of Knowledge seeks to understand knowledge from within our self-understanding as knowers. It develops a metaphysics of the human mind as existing through knowledge of itself, which knowledge as the human being is finite takes the form of a capacity.Regaining the concept of a rational capacity for knowledge, Kern makes a powerful and original contribution to philosophy that reinvigorates the tradition of Aristotle and Kant thinkers whose relevance for contemporary epistemology has yet to be fully appreciated.".
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780674416116 20170227
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)

14. Wealth [2017]

Book
xi, 323 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm.
  • Having too much / Ingrid Robeyns
  • Wealth, commonwealth, and the constitution of opportunity / Joseph Fishkin and William E. Forbath
  • The evolution of wealth and mutual concern : democracy or revolution? / Nicole Hassoun
  • Where's the middle? Constitutional aspirations, biased institutions, and the disappearing middle class / Mariah Zeisberg
  • Wealth defense and the complicity of liberal democracy / Jeffrey A. Winters
  • Wealth concentration, racial subordination, and political corruption / David Lyons
  • Wealth and democracy / Jedediah Purdy
  • Not so fast : the hidden difficulties of taxing wealth / Miranda Perry Fleischer.
An in-depth political, legal, and philosophical study into the implications of wealth inequality in modern societies. Wealth, and specifically its distribution, has been a topic of great debate in recent years. Calls for justice against corporations implicated in the 2008 financial crash; populist rallying against "the one percent"; distrust of the influence of wealthy donors on elections and policy-all of these issues have their roots in a larger discussion of how wealth operates in American economic and political life. In Wealth a distinguished interdisciplinary group of scholars in political science, law and philosophy address the complex set of questions that relate to economic wealth and its implications for social and political life in modern societies. The volume thus brings together a range of perspectives on wealth, inequality, capitalism, oligarchy, and democracy. The essays also cover a number of more specific topics including limitarianism, US Constitutional history, the wealth defense industry, slavery, and tax policy. Wealth offers analysis and prescription including original assessment of existing forms of economic wealth and creative policy responses for the negative implications of wealth inequality. Economic wealth and its distribution is a pressing issue and this latest installment in the NOMOS series offers new and thought provoking insights.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781479827008 20170821
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xii, 446 pages ; 22 cm.
  • A history of inherent contradictions: the origins and end of American conservatism / James R. Kurth
  • An interpretation of American conservative thought: political issues : conceptual differences, and attitudinal disjunctions / David Sidorsky
  • Conservatism in America?: a response to Sidorsky / Patrick J. Deneen
  • The worms and the octopus: religious freedom, pluralism, and conservatism / Richard W. Garnett
  • Anti-governmentism in conservative thought: a note on Garnett's conception of religious freedom / Ingrid Creppell
  • Constitutive stories about the common law in modern American conservatism / Ken I. Kersch
  • The role of conservatism in securing and maintaining just moral constitutions: toward a theory of complex normative systems / Gerald Gaus
  • Constitutional conservatism and American conservatism / Johnathan O'Neill
  • Fighting over the conservative banner / Carl T. Bogus
  • Uniting conservatives: comments on Bogus's trifurcated conservatism / Eldon Eisenach
  • Leo Strauss and American conservative thought and politics / Nathan Tarcov
  • What fascism teaches us / Arthur J. Jacobson
  • Segregation, aggression, and executive power: Leo Strauss and 'the boys' / Alan Gilbert.
The topic of American conservatism is especially timely-and perhaps volatile. Is there what might be termed an "exceptional" form of conservatism that is characteristically American, in contrast to conservatisms found in other countries? Are views that are identified in the United States as conservative necessarily congruent with what political theorists might classify under that label? Or does much American conservatism almost necessarily reflect the distinctly liberal background of American political thought? In American Conservatism, a distinguished group of American political and legal scholars reflect on these crucial questions, unpacking the very nature and development of American conservative thought. They examine both the historical and contemporary realities of arguments offered by self-conscious conservatives in the United States, offering a well-rounded view of the state of this field. In addition to synoptic overviews of the various dimensions of American conservative thought, specific attention is paid to such topics as American constitutionalism, the role of religion and religious institutions, and the particular impact of the late Leo Strauss on American thought and thinkers. Just as American conservatism includes a wide, and sometimes conflicting, group of thinkers, the essays in this volume themselves reflect differing and sometimes controversial assessments of the theorists under discussion.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781479812370 20160704
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xvi, 622 pages ; 25 cm.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xiii, 534 pages ; 25 cm.
"Since the turn of the twenty-first century, naturalism has become one of the most prominent philosophical orthodoxies in the Western academy. Yet naturalism is more often assumed than defended. The Blackwell Companion to Naturalism offers a systematic introduction that defines, discusses and defends philosophical naturalism. Essays tackle naturalism's role in existing cultural conversations, from Libertarianism to Confucianism, and provide detailed examinations of philosophical concepts like metaphysics, realism, feminism, science, free will, and ethics as viewed through a naturalist lens. With contributions from an international array of established and emerging scholars from across the humanities, the collection encapsulates contemporary debates in the field. The Blackwell Companion to Naturalism provides an enlightening and accessible guide for self-identified naturalists and philosophy students who are new to naturalism alike"-- Provided by publisher.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
liii, 494 pages ; 25 cm
  • Introduction -- Need to Know Basis: The Facts about Resources, the Oil Companies and the Oil Countries -- Summary of the Book -- Part I -- Them v. Them -- Chapter 1. Addicted to Money -- Chapter 2. Power-What Big Men Want -- Chapter 3. Coercion, Corruption -- Chapter 4. Then Maybe Blood -- Part II -- Them v. Us v. Us. -- Chapter 5. Might Makes Right -- Chapter 6. Curses on Us: Petrocrats, Terrorists and Conflict -- Chapter 7. How Might Makes Right -- Chapter 8. Gripping Dirty Hands -- Part III -- The People's Rights -- Chapter 9. Counter-Power -- Chapter 10. The Determination of Peoples -- Chapter 11. Popular Resource Sovereignty -- Chapter 12. The State of the Law -- Chapter 13. Popular Philosophy -- Chapter 14. Our Corruption: Why Leaders Must Lie -- Part IV -- Clean Trade Policy -- Chapter 15. Principles for Action -- Chapter 16. Clean Trade Policy I - Protecting Property Rights -- Chapter 17. Clean Trade Policy II - Empowering the People -- Part V -- All United -- Chapter 18. The Future Together -- Epilogue. The Ideal of Unity -- Notes -- References -- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780190262921 20160704
Natural resources like oil and minerals are the largest source of unaccountable power in the world. Petrocrats like Putin and the Saudis spend resource money on weapons and oppression; militants in Iraq and in the Congo spend resource money on radicalization and ammunition. Resource-fueled authoritarians and extremists present endless crises to the West - and the source of their resource power is ultimately ordinary consumers, doing their everyday shopping at the gas station and the mall. In this sweeping new book, one of today's leading political philosophers, Leif Wenar, goes behind the headlines in search of the hidden global rule that thwarts democracy and development - and that puts shoppers into business with some of today's most dangerous men. Wenar discovers a rule that once licensed the slave trade and apartheid and genocide, a rule whose abolition has marked some of humanity's greatest triumphs-yet a rule that still enflames tyranny and war and terrorism through today's multi-trillion dollar resource trade. Blood Oil shows how the West can now lead a peaceful revolution by ending its dependence on authoritarian oil, and by getting consumers out of business with the men of blood. The book describes practical strategies for upgrading world trade: for choosing new rules that will make us more secure at home, more trusted abroad, and better able to solve pressing global problems like climate change. Blood Oil shows citizens, consumers and leaders how we can act together today to create a more united human future.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780190262921 20160704
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xv, 521 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors ix Acknowledgments xii A Note on Abbreviations and References xiv Part I Context 1 1 An Introduction to the Study of Ayn Rand 3 Gregory Salmieri 2 The Life of Ayn Rand: Writing, Reading, and Related Life Events 22 Shoshana Milgram Part II Ethics and Human Nature 47 3 The Act of Valuing (and the Objectivity of Values) 49 Gregory Salmieri 4 The Morality of Life 73 Allan Gotthelf (completed by Gregory Salmieri) 5 A Being of Self-Made Soul 105 Onkar Ghate 6 Egoism and Altruism: Selfi shness and Sacrifice 130 Gregory Salmieri Part III Society 157 7 A Human Society : Rand s Social Philosophy 159 Darryl Wright 8 Political Theory: A Radical for Capitalism 187 Fred D. Miller, Jr. and Adam Mossoff 9 Objective Law 209 Tara Smith 10 A Free Mind and a Free Market are Corollaries : Rand s Philosophical Perspective on Capitalism 222 Onkar Ghate Part IV The Foundations of Objectivism 243 11 Objectivist Metaphysics: The Primacy of Existence 245 Jason G. Rheins 12 The Objectivist Epistemology 272 Gregory Salmieri Part V Philosophers and Their Effects 319 13 Who Sets the Tone for a Culture? : Ayn Rand s Approach to the History of Philosophy 321 James G. Lennox 14 Ayn Rand s Evolving View of Friedrich Nietzsche 343 Lester H. Hunt 15 A Philosopher on Her Times: Ayn Rand s Political and Cultural Commentary 351 John David Lewis and Gregory Salmieri Part VI Art 403 16 The Objectivist Esthetics: Art and the Needs of a Conceptual Consciousness 405 Harry Binswanger 17 Rand s Literary Romanticism 426 Tore Boeckmann Coda 451 18 Hallmarks of Objectivism: The Benevolent Universe Premise and the Heroic View of Man 453 Allan Gotthelf and Gregory Salmieri Annotated Bibliography of Primary and Quasi-Primary Sources 463 Index 471.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781405186841 20160619
The first volume to offer a comprehensive scholarly treatment of Rand s entire corpus (including her novels, her philosophical essays, and her analysis of the events of her times), this Companion provides vital orientation and context for scholars and educated readers grappling with a controversial and understudied thinker whose enduring influence on American (and world) culture is increasingly recognized. * The first publication to provide an in-depth scholarly treatment ranging over the whole of Rand s corpus * Provides informed contextual analysis for scholars in a variety of disciplines * Presents original research on unpublished material and drafts from the Rand archives in California * Features insightful and fair-minded interpretations of Rand s controversial positions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781405186841 20160619
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xiv, 621 pages ; 25 cm
  • Notes on Contributors 1. Introduction PART I: Experimental Philosophy: Past, Present and Future 2. Experimental Philosophy and the Philosophical Tradition Stephen Stich and Kevin Tobia 3. Philosophical Criticisms of Experimental Philosophy Timothy Williamson 4. Experimental Philosophy is Cognitive Science Joshua Knobe 5. Armchair-friendly Experimental Philosophy Kaija Mortensen and Jennifer Nagel 6. Going Positive by Going Negative: On Keeping X-Phi Relevant & Dangerous Jonathan M. Weinberg 7. Early Modern Experimental Philosophy Peter R. Anstey and Alberto Vanzo 8. Nietzsche and Moral Psychology Daniel Telech and Brian Leiter PART II: Areas of Research Free Will and Philosophy of Action 9. The Folk Concept of Intentional Action: Empirical Approaches Florian Cova 10. Traditional and Experimental Approaches to Free Will and Moral Responsibility Gunnar Bjornsson and Derk Pereboom 11. Free Will and Experimental Philosophy Hoi-yee Chan, Max Deutsch and Shaun Nichols Moral and Political Philosophy 12. Solving the Trolley Problem Joshua D. Greene 13. The Adaptive Logic of Moral Luck Justin W. Martin and Fiery Cushman 14. Metaethics: Traditional and Empirical Approaches Alexandra Plakias 15. Aspects of Folk Morality: Objectivism and Relativism Hagop Sarkissian 16. The Behavior of Ethicists Eric Schwitzgebel and Joshua Rust 17. Experimental or Empirical Political Philosophy Nicole Hassoun 18. Ownership Rights Shaylene E. Nancekivell, J. Charles Millar, Pauline C. Summers and Ori Friedman Philosophy of Mind 19. Attributions of Consciousness Justin Sytsma 20. A Unified versus Componential View of Understanding Minds Lily Tsoi 21. The Group Mind in Commonsense Psychology Bryce Huebner 22. Synesthesia as a Challenge for Representationalism Berit Brogaard 23. Naturalistic Approaches to Creativity Dustin Stokes and Elliot Samuel Paul Epistemology 24. Knowledge Judgments in "Gettier" Cases John Turri 25. Experiments on Contextualism and Interest Relative Invariantism Angel Pinillos 26. Evaluative Effects on Knowledge Attributions James R. Beebe Philosophy of Language 27. Reference Mike Dacey and Ron Mallon 28. Experimental Pragmatics in Linguistics and Philosophy Mark Phelan 29. Generics and Experimental Philosophy Adam Lerner and Sarah-Jane Leslie Metaphysics 30. Metaphysics and Cognitive Science L. A. Paul 31. Experimental Philosophy and Causal Attributions Jonathan Livengood and David Rose 32. Causal Models and Screening-off Juhwa Park and Steven A. Sloman 33. Causal Search, Causal Modeling, and the Folk David Danks Philosophy of Science 34. Experimental Philosophy of Science Edouard Machery 35. Explanation Tania Lombrozo 36. The Concept of Innateness as an Object of Empirical Enquiry Richard Samuels Logic and Reasoning 37. Experimental Philosophical Logic David Ripley 38. Experimental Philosophy meets Formal Epistemology Jonah N. Schupbach 39. Experimental Approaches to the Study of Conditionals Igor Douven Metaphilosophy and Individual Differences 40. Philosophical Expertise Joshua Alexander 41. Intuitional Stability Jennifer Cole Wright 42. Personality and Philosophical Bias Adam Feltz and Edward T. Cokely 43. Experimental Philosophy and the Underrepresentation of Women Carrie Figdor and Matt L. Drabek Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118661703 20170418
This is a comprehensive collection of essays that explores cutting-edge work in experimental philosophy, a radical new movement that applies quantitative and empirical methods to traditional topics of philosophical inquiry. * Situates the discipline within Western philosophy and then surveys the work of experimental philosophers by sub-discipline * Contains insights for a diverse range of fields, including linguistics, cognitive science, anthropology, economics, and psychology, as well as almost every area of professional philosophy today * Edited by two rising scholars who take a broad and inclusive approach to the field * Offers a complete introduction for non-specialists and students to the central approaches, findings, challenges, and controversies in experimental philosophy.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118661703 20170418
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