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Book
xii, 446 pages ; 22 cm.
  • A history of inherent contradictions: the origins and end of American conservatism / James R. Kurth
  • An interpretation of American conservative thought: political issues : conceptual differences, and attitudinal disjunctions / David Sidorsky
  • Conservatism in America?: a response to Sidorsky / Patrick J. Deneen
  • The worms and the octopus: religious freedom, pluralism, and conservatism / Richard W. Garnett
  • Anti-governmentism in conservative thought: a note on Garnett's conception of religious freedom / Ingrid Creppell
  • Constitutive stories about the common law in modern American conservatism / Ken I. Kersch
  • The role of conservatism in securing and maintaining just moral constitutions: toward a theory of complex normative systems / Gerald Gaus
  • Constitutional conservatism and American conservatism / Johnathan O'Neill
  • Fighting over the conservative banner / Carl T. Bogus
  • Uniting conservatives: comments on Bogus's trifurcated conservatism / Eldon Eisenach
  • Leo Strauss and American conservative thought and politics / Nathan Tarcov
  • What fascism teaches us / Arthur J. Jacobson
  • Segregation, aggression, and executive power: Leo Strauss and 'the boys' / Alan Gilbert.
The topic of American conservatism is especially timely-and perhaps volatile. Is there what might be termed an "exceptional" form of conservatism that is characteristically American, in contrast to conservatisms found in other countries? Are views that are identified in the United States as conservative necessarily congruent with what political theorists might classify under that label? Or does much American conservatism almost necessarily reflect the distinctly liberal background of American political thought? In American Conservatism, a distinguished group of American political and legal scholars reflect on these crucial questions, unpacking the very nature and development of American conservative thought. They examine both the historical and contemporary realities of arguments offered by self-conscious conservatives in the United States, offering a well-rounded view of the state of this field. In addition to synoptic overviews of the various dimensions of American conservative thought, specific attention is paid to such topics as American constitutionalism, the role of religion and religious institutions, and the particular impact of the late Leo Strauss on American thought and thinkers. Just as American conservatism includes a wide, and sometimes conflicting, group of thinkers, the essays in this volume themselves reflect differing and sometimes controversial assessments of the theorists under discussion.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781479812370 20160704
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xvi, 622 pages ; 25 cm.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xiii, 534 pages ; 25 cm.
"Since the turn of the twenty-first century, naturalism has become one of the most prominent philosophical orthodoxies in the Western academy. Yet naturalism is more often assumed than defended. The Blackwell Companion to Naturalism offers a systematic introduction that defines, discusses and defends philosophical naturalism. Essays tackle naturalism's role in existing cultural conversations, from Libertarianism to Confucianism, and provide detailed examinations of philosophical concepts like metaphysics, realism, feminism, science, free will, and ethics as viewed through a naturalist lens. With contributions from an international array of established and emerging scholars from across the humanities, the collection encapsulates contemporary debates in the field. The Blackwell Companion to Naturalism provides an enlightening and accessible guide for self-identified naturalists and philosophy students who are new to naturalism alike"-- Provided by publisher.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
liii, 494 pages ; 25 cm
  • Introduction -- Need to Know Basis: The Facts about Resources, the Oil Companies and the Oil Countries -- Summary of the Book -- Part I -- Them v. Them -- Chapter 1. Addicted to Money -- Chapter 2. Power-What Big Men Want -- Chapter 3. Coercion, Corruption -- Chapter 4. Then Maybe Blood -- Part II -- Them v. Us v. Us. -- Chapter 5. Might Makes Right -- Chapter 6. Curses on Us: Petrocrats, Terrorists and Conflict -- Chapter 7. How Might Makes Right -- Chapter 8. Gripping Dirty Hands -- Part III -- The People's Rights -- Chapter 9. Counter-Power -- Chapter 10. The Determination of Peoples -- Chapter 11. Popular Resource Sovereignty -- Chapter 12. The State of the Law -- Chapter 13. Popular Philosophy -- Chapter 14. Our Corruption: Why Leaders Must Lie -- Part IV -- Clean Trade Policy -- Chapter 15. Principles for Action -- Chapter 16. Clean Trade Policy I - Protecting Property Rights -- Chapter 17. Clean Trade Policy II - Empowering the People -- Part V -- All United -- Chapter 18. The Future Together -- Epilogue. The Ideal of Unity -- Notes -- References -- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780190262921 20160704
Natural resources like oil and minerals are the largest source of unaccountable power in the world. Petrocrats like Putin and the Saudis spend resource money on weapons and oppression; militants in Iraq and in the Congo spend resource money on radicalization and ammunition. Resource-fueled authoritarians and extremists present endless crises to the West - and the source of their resource power is ultimately ordinary consumers, doing their everyday shopping at the gas station and the mall. In this sweeping new book, one of today's leading political philosophers, Leif Wenar, goes behind the headlines in search of the hidden global rule that thwarts democracy and development - and that puts shoppers into business with some of today's most dangerous men. Wenar discovers a rule that once licensed the slave trade and apartheid and genocide, a rule whose abolition has marked some of humanity's greatest triumphs-yet a rule that still enflames tyranny and war and terrorism through today's multi-trillion dollar resource trade. Blood Oil shows how the West can now lead a peaceful revolution by ending its dependence on authoritarian oil, and by getting consumers out of business with the men of blood. The book describes practical strategies for upgrading world trade: for choosing new rules that will make us more secure at home, more trusted abroad, and better able to solve pressing global problems like climate change. Blood Oil shows citizens, consumers and leaders how we can act together today to create a more united human future.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780190262921 20160704
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xv, 521 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors ix Acknowledgments xii A Note on Abbreviations and References xiv Part I Context 1 1 An Introduction to the Study of Ayn Rand 3 Gregory Salmieri 2 The Life of Ayn Rand: Writing, Reading, and Related Life Events 22 Shoshana Milgram Part II Ethics and Human Nature 47 3 The Act of Valuing (and the Objectivity of Values) 49 Gregory Salmieri 4 The Morality of Life 73 Allan Gotthelf (completed by Gregory Salmieri) 5 A Being of Self-Made Soul 105 Onkar Ghate 6 Egoism and Altruism: Selfi shness and Sacrifice 130 Gregory Salmieri Part III Society 157 7 A Human Society : Rand s Social Philosophy 159 Darryl Wright 8 Political Theory: A Radical for Capitalism 187 Fred D. Miller, Jr. and Adam Mossoff 9 Objective Law 209 Tara Smith 10 A Free Mind and a Free Market are Corollaries : Rand s Philosophical Perspective on Capitalism 222 Onkar Ghate Part IV The Foundations of Objectivism 243 11 Objectivist Metaphysics: The Primacy of Existence 245 Jason G. Rheins 12 The Objectivist Epistemology 272 Gregory Salmieri Part V Philosophers and Their Effects 319 13 Who Sets the Tone for a Culture? : Ayn Rand s Approach to the History of Philosophy 321 James G. Lennox 14 Ayn Rand s Evolving View of Friedrich Nietzsche 343 Lester H. Hunt 15 A Philosopher on Her Times: Ayn Rand s Political and Cultural Commentary 351 John David Lewis and Gregory Salmieri Part VI Art 403 16 The Objectivist Esthetics: Art and the Needs of a Conceptual Consciousness 405 Harry Binswanger 17 Rand s Literary Romanticism 426 Tore Boeckmann Coda 451 18 Hallmarks of Objectivism: The Benevolent Universe Premise and the Heroic View of Man 453 Allan Gotthelf and Gregory Salmieri Annotated Bibliography of Primary and Quasi-Primary Sources 463 Index 471.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781405186841 20160619
The first volume to offer a comprehensive scholarly treatment of Rand s entire corpus (including her novels, her philosophical essays, and her analysis of the events of her times), this Companion provides vital orientation and context for scholars and educated readers grappling with a controversial and understudied thinker whose enduring influence on American (and world) culture is increasingly recognized. * The first publication to provide an in-depth scholarly treatment ranging over the whole of Rand s corpus * Provides informed contextual analysis for scholars in a variety of disciplines * Presents original research on unpublished material and drafts from the Rand archives in California * Features insightful and fair-minded interpretations of Rand s controversial positions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781405186841 20160619
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xvii, 569 pages ; 26 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors ix References to Locke sWorks xvi Introduction 1 Matthew Stuart Part I Life and Background 25 1 Locke s Life 27 Mark Goldie 2 The Contexts of Locke s Political Thought 45 Jacqueline Rose 3 Locke and Natural Philosophy 64 Peter R. Anstey 4 Locke and Scholasticism 82 E.J. Ashworth 5 Locke and Descartes 100 Lisa Downing Part II Metaphysics and Epistemology 121 6 The Genesis and Composition of the Essay 123 J. R. Milton 7 The Theory of Ideas 140 David Soles 8 Locke s Critique of Innatism 157 Raffaella De Rosa 9 Locke on Perception 175 Michael Jacovides 10 Primary and Secondary Qualities 193 Robert A.Wilson 11 Locke on Essence and the Social Construction of Kinds 212 Kenneth P.Winkler 12 Locke s Theory of Identity 236 Dan Kaufman 13 Liberty and Suspension in Locke s Theory of theWill 260 Don Garrett 14 Language and Meaning 279 E.J. Lowe 15 Locke on Knowledge and Belief 296 Antonia LoLordo 16 Sensitive Knowledge: Locke on Skepticism and Sensation 313 Jennifer Nagel 17 Locke on Thinking Matter 334 Martha Brandt Bolton 18 The Correspondence with Stillingfleet 354 Matthew Stuart Part III Government, Ethics, and Society 371 19 Locke on the Law of Nature and Natural Rights 373 S. Adam Seagrave 20 Locke on Property and Money 394 Richard Boyd 21 Locke on the Social Contract 413 A. John Simmons 22 Locke on Toleration 433 Alex Tuckness 23 Locke on Education 448 Ruth W. Grant and Benjamin R. Hertzberg Part IV Religion 467 24 Locke s Philosophy of Religion 469 Marcy P. Lascano 25 The Reasonableness of Christianity and A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of St Paul 486 Victor Nuovo Part V Locke s Legacy 503 26 Locke and British Empiricism 505 Louis E. Loeb 27 Locke and the Liberal Tradition 528 Richard J. Arneson 28 Locke and America 546 Mark Goldie Index 564.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781405178150 20160619
This collection of 28 original essays examines the diverse scope of John Locke s contributions as a celebrated philosopher, empiricist, and father of modern political theory. * Explores the impact of Locke s thought and writing across a range of fields including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, political theory, education, religion, and economics * Delves into the most important Lockean topics, such as innate ideas, perception, natural kinds, free will, natural rights, religious toleration, and political liberalism * Identifies the political, philosophical, and religious contexts in which Locke s views developed, with perspectives from today s leading philosophers and scholars * Offers an unprecedented reference of Locke s contributions and his continued influence.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781405178150 20160619
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
x, 196 pages : some illustrations ; 24 cm.
This thesis uses logical tools to investigate a number of basic features of social networks and their evolution over time, including flow of information and spread of opinions. Part I contains the preliminaries, including an introduction to the basic phenomena in social networks that call for a logical analysis of information and reasoning, a review of background material from logic and social network theory, plus an outline of the thesis. Part II presents logical models of collective failures, and illuminates how and when sound individual microbehavior can lead to counterproductive collective macrobehavior. Chapter 3 uses dynamic-epistemic logics of information update to model the phenomenon of informational cascades leading to suboptimal group behavior. This analysis confirms that perfectly rational agents following the crowd may get stuck in a cascade leading them to make the wrong choice, despite the availability of enough evidence to avoid such a mistake. We show that this holds under various basic assumptions. Whether agents are fullfedged Bayesian reasoners or use a simpler counting heuristics, and whether they have unbounded higher-order reasoning or not, some misleading informational cascades are simply inescapable by rational means. Chapter 4 models a second counterproductive social phenomenon, that of pluralistic ignorance. Using a model based on hybrid logic, we formalize and explain the dynamic properties of this scenario as observed in the social sciences: its stability and its fragility. As for remedies, we show that, on all but 2-colorable network graphs, changing the behavior of one unique agent is sufficient to reverse the situation entirely. Together, Chapters 3 and 4 offer a great variety of new update mechanisms for social agents in structured settings. Part III abstracts from specific case studies to investigate the general logic of diffusion phenomena in social networks, as well as the interaction of information and diffusion dynamics. Chapter 5 presents a general hybrid dynamic framework to capture the logical laws of the temporal evolution of a wide class of diffusion dynamics, allowing us to plug-in various network update rules. Using an epistemic extension of this hybrid approach, Chapter 6 investigates how diffusion dynamics may induce learning by agents who observe how their public behavior evolves in response to social conformity pressure. Finally, Chapter 7 goes one step further, and proposes a minimal framework for modeling the dynamics of threshold models. We show how this setting captures interactions of network properties with diffusion processes, such as the fact that having dense enough clusters in a network prevents full cascades. Adding an epistemic logic-based component, we also show how knowing more about the network structure and the behavior of agents in the network may accelerate diffusion in threshold models. Here we study the limit behavior of various diffusion policies: knowledge-independent, first-order knowledge dependent, or higher-order knowledge dependent. Finally, Part IV presents a summary of our findings, and some ongoing work and perspectives for future research. We discuss modal logics and related formalisms for studying network behavior under various graph properties and rules of in uence. We also discuss the natural transition from network evolution by fixed rules as studied in this thesis to the study of network games where agents have choices and goals. Overall, this thesis applies tools from current logics of information update and agency to social network analysis and opinion ow over time, offering both tools for detailed modeling of specific scenarios and a better understanding of the general laws of reasoning that underlie information and diffusion dynamics in social settings.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
314 pages ; 23 cm.
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)

9. Knowledge and mind [2016]

Book
492 pages ; 23 cm.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xii, 204 pages ; 21 cm.
  • 1. Background: Intention in context 2. Three aspects of the concept of intention 3. (1) Expressions of intention 4. (2) Intentional action 5. (3) Intention with which 6. The unification of the concept of intention 7. The influence of Intention in the philosophy of action 8. The implications of Intention: moral philosophy, philosophy of psychology & the self.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415821872 20160704
G. E. M. Anscombe's Intention is a classic of twentieth-century philosophy. The work has been enormously influential despite being a dense and largely misunderstood text. It is a standard reference point for anyone engaging with philosophy of action and philosophy of psychology. In this Routledge Philosophy GuideBook, Rachael Wiseman: * situates Intention in relation to Anscombe's moral philosophy and philosophy of mind * considers the influence of Aquinas, Aristotle, Frege, and Wittgenstein on the method and content of Intention * adopts a structure for assessing the text that shows how Anscombe unifies the three aspects of the concept of intention * considers the influence and implications of the piece whilst distinguishing it from subsequent work in the philosophy of action Ideal for anyone wanting to understand and gain a perspective on Elizabeth Anscombe's seminal work, this guide is an essential introduction, useful in the study of the philosophy of action, ethics, philosophy of psychology and related areas.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415821872 20160704
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xii, 580 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors ix Part I Biography and New Work 1 1 Intellectual Biography of David Lewis (1941 2001): Early Influences 3 Stephanie R. Lewis 2 Counterparts of States of Affairs 15 David Lewis 3 Reply to Dana Scott, Is There Life on Possible Worlds? 18 David Lewis Part II Methodology and Context 23 4 Lewis s Philosophical Method 25 Daniel Nolan 5 On Metaphysical Analysis 40 David Braddon-Mitchell and Kristie Miller 6 A Lewisian History of Philosophy 60 Robert Pasnau 7 David Lewis s Place in Analytic Philosophy 80 Scott Soames Part III Metaphysics and Science 99 8 Humean Supervenience 101 Brian Weatherson 9 No Work for a Theory of Universals 116 M. Eddon and C.J.G. Meacham 10 Hume s Dictum and Metaphysical Modality: Lewis s Combinatorialism 138 Jessica Wilson 11 Truthmaking: With and Without Counterpart Theory 159 Phillip Bricker 12 How to Be Humean 188 Jenann Ismael 13 Where (in Logical Space) Is God? 206 Stephanie R. Lewis 14 De Re Modality, Essentialism, and Lewis s Humeanism 220 Helen Beebee and Fraser MacBride 15 David Lewis on Persistence 237 Katherine Hawley 16 Perfectly Understood, Unproblematic, and Certain : Lewis on Mereology 250 Karen Bennett 17 Humean Reductionism about Laws of Nature 262 Ned Hall 18 Why Lewisians Should Love Deterministic Chance 278 Rachael Briggs 19 Lewis on Causation 295 Christopher Hitchcock Part IV Language and Logic 313 20 David Lewis on Convention 315 Ernie Lepore and Matthew Stone 21 Asking What a Meaning Does: David Lewis s Contributions to Semantics 328 Barbara H. Partee 22 Accommodation in a Language Game 345 Craige Roberts 23 Lewis on Reference and Eligibility 367 J.R.G. Williams 24 On the Nature of Certain Philosophical Entities: Set Theoretic Constructionalism in the Metaphysics of David Lewis 382 Gideon Rosen 25 Primitive Self-Ascription: Lewis on the De Se 399 Richard Holton 26 Counterfactuals and Humean Reduction 411 Robert Stalnaker 27 On the Plurality of Lewis s Triviality Results 425 Alan Hajek 28 Decision Theory after Lewis 446 John Collins 29 Lewis on Mereology and Set Theory 459 John P. Burgess Part V Epistemology and Mind 471 30 Lewis on Knowledge Ascriptions 473 Jonathan Schaffer 31 Humility and Coexistence in Kant and Lewis: Two Modal Themes, with Variations 491 Rae Langton 32 Analytic Functionalism 504 Wolfgang Schwarz 33 Lewis on Materialism and Experience 519 Daniel Stoljar Part VI Ethics and Politics 533 34 Lewis on Value and Valuing 535 Peter Railton 35 David Lewis s Social and Political Philosophy 549 Simon Keller Bibliography of the Work of David Lewis 562 Index 572.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118388181 20160618
In A Companion to David Lewis, Barry Loewer and Jonathan Schaffer bring together top philosophers to explain, discuss, and critically extend Lewis's seminal work in original ways. Students and scholars will discover the underlying themes and complex interconnections woven through the diverse range of his work in metaphysics, philosophy of language, logic, epistemology, philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, ethics, and aesthetics. * The first and only comprehensive study of the work of David Lewis, one of the most systematic and influential philosophers of the latter half of the 20th century * Contributions shed light on the underlying themes and complex interconnections woven through Lewis's work across his enormous range of influence, including metaphysics, language, logic, epistemology, science, mind, ethics, and aesthetics * Outstanding Lewis scholars and leading philosophers working in the fields Lewis influenced explain, discuss, and critically extend Lewis's work in original ways * An essential resource for students and researchers across analytic philosophy that covers the major themes of Lewis's work.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118388181 20160618
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xx, 519 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors ix Acknowledgments xiii Chronology of Kierkegaard's Works xiv List of Abbreviations xviii Editor's Introduction: Kierkegaard and the Rich Field of Kierkegaard Studies 1 Part I Philosophy 19 A. Sources 21 1 A Shimmering Socrates: Philosophy and Poetry in Kierkegaard's Platonic Authorship 23 Jacob Howland 2 Kierkegaard's Use of German Philosophy: Leibniz to Fichte 36 Roe Fremstedal 3 Kierkegaard's View of Hegel, His Followers and Critics 50 Jon Stewart 4 Kierkegaard's Relations to Danish Philosophy of the Golden Age 66 Carl Henrik Koch B. Reception 81 5 Kierkegaard and Existentialism: From Anxiety to Autonomy 83 K. Brian Soderquist 6 Postmodernism and Deconstruction: Paradox, Sacrifice, and the Future of Writing 96 Marius Timmann Mjaaland C. Concepts and Contributions 111 7 Kierkegaard's Views on Normative Ethics, Moral Agency, and Metaethics 113 Roe Fremstedal 8 Kierkegaard's Skepticism 126 Dario Gonzalez Part II Theology and Religious Studies 139 A. Sources 141 9 Kierkegaard and Biblical Studies: A Critical Response to Nineteenth ]Century Hermeneutics 143 Lee C. Barrett 10 Grace and Rigor in Kierkegaard's Reception of the Church Fathers 155 Jack Mulder, Jr. 11 Kierkegaard's Mystical and Spiritual Sources: Meister Eckhart to Tersteegen 167 Peter Sajda 12 Kierkegaard's Appropriation and Critique of Luther and Lutheranism 180 Lee C. Barrett 13 Shapers of Kierkegaard's Danish Church: Mynster, Grundtvig, Martensen 193 Curtis L. Thompson B. Reception 207 14 From Barth to Tillich: Kierkegaard and the Dialectical Theologians 209 Heiko Schulz 15 Other Lutheran Theologians Responding Contextually to Kierkegaard 223 Curtis L. Thompson 16 Catholicism: Finding Inspiration and Provocation in Kierkegaard 237 Christopher B. Barnett and Peter Sajda C. Concepts and Contributions 251 17 Kierkegaard as Existentialist Dogmatician: Kierkegaard on Systematic Theology, Doctrine, and Dogmatics 253 David R. Law 18 Biblical Variations: Kierkegaard's Rewritten "Life of Jesus" 269 Iben Damgaard 19 Rethinking Religion Existentially: New Approaches to Classical Problems of Religious Philosophy in Kierkegaard 281 Istvan Czako Part III Aesthetics, the Arts, and Literary Theory 295 A. Sources 297 20 Kierkegaard's Use of German Literature 299 Joachim Grage 21 Kierkegaard and the Aesthetics of the Danish Golden Age 311 Nathaniel Kramer B. Reception 325 22 Literature and (Anti ])Humanism 327 Poul Houe 23 Kierkegaard's Influence on Literary Criticism and Theory: Irony, Repetition, Silence 341 J.D. Mininger C. Concepts and Contributions 353 24 Existence and the Aesthetic Forms 355 Dario Gonzalez 25 Kierkegaard's Theatrical Aesthetic from Repetition to Imitation 367 Timothy Stock Part IV Social Sciences and Politics 381 A. Sources 383 26 Politics, Society, and Theology in Golden Age Denmark: Key Themes and Figures 385 Stephen Backhouse 27 Reflections on Late Modernity: Kierkegaard in the "Present Age" 399 Daniel Conway B. Reception 413 28 Between Anthropology, Sociology, and Psychology: The Insider/Outsider Self 415 Simon D. Podmore 29 Kierkegaard's Social ]Political Posterity: A Still Unnavigated Maze 435 Leo Stan C. Concepts and Contributions 451 30 Kierkegaard's Conception of Psychology: How to Understand It and Why It Still Matters 453 Rene Rosfort 31 Kierkegaard and the Limits of Philosophical Anthropology 468 Jamie Turnbull 32 Prolegomena for Thinking of Kierkegaard as a Social and Political Philosopher 480 J. Michael Tilley 33 Making Kierkegaard Relevant to Education Today 490 Timothy Hall Index 502.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118783818 20160619
Jon Stewart, one of the world s leading experts on the work of Soren Kierkegaard, has here compiled the most comprehensive single-volume overview of Kierkegaard studies currently available. * Includes contributions from an international array of Kierkegaard scholars from across the disciplines * Covers all of the major disciplines within the broad field of Kierkegaard research, including philosophy; theology and religious studies; aesthetics, the arts and literary theory; and social sciences and politics * Elucidates Kierkegaard s contribution to each of these areas through examining the sources he drew upon, charting the reception of his ideas, and analyzing his unique conceptual insights into each topic * Demystifies the complex field of Kierkegaard studies creating an accessible entry-point into his thought and writings for readers new to his work.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118783818 20160619
Philosophy Library (Tanner)

13. Epistemology [2015]

Book
iv, 375 pages ; 23 cm
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
ix, 561 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Preface.- In Memoriam: Grigori Mints.- Part I: Reflections.- 1. Reinhard Kahle: Gentzen's Consistency Proof in Context.- 2. Michael Detlefsen: Gentzen's Anti-Formalist Views.- 3. Anton Setzer: The Use of Trustworthy Principles in a Revised Hilbert's Program.- Part II: Gentzen's Consistency Proof.- 4. Wilfried Buchholz: On Gentzen's first consistency proof for arithmetic.- 5. Jan von Plato: From \emph{Hauptsatz} to \emph{Hilfssatz} (with an appendix by Siders/von Plato).- 6. Dag Prawitz: Extending Gentzen's 2nd consistency proof to normalization of natural deductions in 1st order arithmetic.- 7. Annika Siders: A Direct Gentzen-style Consistency Proof for Heyting Arithmetic.- 8. W. W. Tait: Gentzen's original consistency proof and the Bar Theorem.- Part III: Results.- 9. Sam Buss: Cut Elimination \emph{In Situ}.- 10. Fernando Ferreira: Spector's proof of the consistency of analysis.- 11. Herman Jervell: Climbing Mount $\varepsilon_0$.- 12. Wolfram Pohlers: Semi-formal calculi and their applications.- Part IV: Developments.- 13. Toshiyasu Arai: Proof Theory for Theories of Ordinals III: $\Pi_{N}$-Reflection.- 14. Gerhard Jager and Dieter Probst: A proof-theoretic analysis of theories for stratified inductive definitions.- 15. Frederik Meskens and Andreas Weiermann: Classifying phase transition thresholds for Goodstein sequences and Hydra games.- 16. Grigori Mints: Non-Deterministic Epsilon Substitution Method for $\mathsf{PA}$ and $\mathsf{ID}_1$.- 17. Paulo Oliva and Thomas Powell: A Game-Theoretic Computational Interpretation of Proofs in Classical Analysis.- 18. Michael Rathjen and Pedro Francisco Valencia Vizcaino: Well ordering principles and Bar induction.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319101026 20160619
Gerhard Gentzen has been described as logic's lost genius, whom Godel called a better logician than himself. This work comprises articles by leading proof theorists, attesting to Gentzen's enduring legacy to mathematical logic and beyond. The contributions range from philosophical reflections and re-evaluations of Gentzen's original consistency proofs to the most recent developments in proof theory. Gentzen founded modern proof theory. His sequent calculus and natural deduction system beautifully explain the deep symmetries of logic. They underlie modern developments in computer science such as automated theorem proving and type theory.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319101026 20160619
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xviii, 655 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • An introduction to logics of knowledge and belief
  • [pt.] I. Informational attitudes
  • Only knowing
  • Awareness
  • Epistemic probabilistic logic
  • [pt.] II. Dynamics of informational attitudes
  • Knowledge and time
  • Dynamic epistemic logic
  • Dynamic logics of belief change
  • [pt.] III. Applications
  • Model checking temporal epistemic logic
  • Epistemic foundations of game theory
  • BDI logics
  • Knowledge and ability
  • Knowledge and security.
Philosophy Library (Tanner), Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xv, 318 p. ; 24 cm
  • INTRODUCTION -- 1. DESCARTES AND LOCKE ON IDEAS, EVIDENCE, AND KNOWLEDGE -- 2. HUME ON IDEAS, EVIDENCE, AND KNOWLEDGE -- 3. HUME AND LOCKE ON CAUSATION AND SCIENTIFIC METHODOLOGY. THE NEWTONIAN LEGACY -- 4. HUME'S SKEPTICAL TREATMENT OF CAUSAL INDUCTIVE INFERENCE -- 5. SKEPTICISM AND NATURALISM CONCERNING KNOWLEDGE AND CAUSATION -- NOTES -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- INDEX.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198716785 20160618
Graciela De Pierris presents a novel interpretation of the relationship between skepticism and naturalism in Hume's epistemology, and a new appraisal of Hume's place within early modern thought. Whereas a dominant trend in recent Hume scholarship maintains that there are no skeptical arguments concerning causation and induction in Book I, Part III of the Treatise, Graciela De Pierris presents a detailed reading of the skeptical argument she finds there and how this argument initiates a train of skeptical reasoning that begins in Part III and culminates in Part IV. This reasoning is framed by Hume's version of the modern theory of ideas developed by Descartes and Locke. The skeptical implications of this theory, however, do not arise, as in traditional interpretations of Hume's skepticism, from the 'veil of perception.' They arise from Hume's elaboration of a presentational-phenomenological model of ultimate evidence, according to which there is always a justificatory gap between what is or has been immediately presented to the mind and any ideas that go beyond it. This happens, paradigmatically, in the causal-inductive inference, and, as De Pierris argues, in demonstrative inference as well. Yet, in spite of his firm commitment to radical skepticism, Hume also accepts the naturalistic standpoint of science and common life, and he does so, on the novel interpretation presented here, because of an equally firm commitment to Newtonian science in general and the Newtonian inductive method in particular. Hume defends the Newtonian method (against the mechanical philosophy) while simultaneously rejecting all attempts (including those of the Newtonians) to find a place for the supernatural within our understanding of nature.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198716785 20160618
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xv, 477 pages ; 24 cm
  • Note on Sources and Key to Abbreviations and Translations -- Introduction -- CHAPTER ONE :KANT'S ANALYTIC METAPHYSICS AND MODEL OF COGNITION IN THE 1760S -- 1. The Writings of 1762-1764: The Prize Essay, Negative Magnitudes, and the Beweisgrund -- CHAPTER TWO: KANT'S INAUGURAL DISSERTATION AND ITS CONTEXT -- 1. The Differentiation of Directions in Space (1768) and the "Great Light" of 1769 -- 2. The Inaugural Dissertation (1770) -- CHAPTER THREE: THE "SILENT DECADE" -- 1. Kant's Letter to Herz of February 21, 1772 and Its Context -- 2. The Duisburg Nachlass -- 3. B 12 and Related Texts -- APPENDIX TO CHAPTER THREE: KANT AND TETENS -- 1. Kant's Reaction to Tetens' Work -- 2. A Comparison of Their Treatments of Some Common Themes -- 3. The Nature and Extent of Tetens' Direct Influence on Kant -- CHAPER FOUR: SETTING THE STAGE -- 1. The Clue to the Discovery of All Pure Concepts of the Understanding -- 2. The Introductory Section of the Transcendental Deduction (A84-95) -- CHAPTER FIVE: THE A-DEDUCTION: SECTION 2 -- 1. The Relation between the Subjective and the Objective Deductions -- 2. Section 2 of the A-Deduction (A95-114) -- CHAPER SIX: THE A-DEDUCTION: SECTION 3 -- 1. The Argument from above (A115-19) -- 2. The Argument from below (A119-30) -- CHAPTER SEVEN: THE INTERLUDE -- 1. The Deduction in the Prolegomena -- 2. The Note on the Deduction in the Preface to the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science -- 3. Reflexionen 5923-35 -- CHAPTER EIGHT: THE B-DEDUCTION (1): SECTIONS 15-20 -- 1. Section 15: On the Possibility of a Combination in General (B130-1) -- 2. Section 16: On the Original Synthetic Unity of Apperception (B131-6) -- 3. Section 17: The Principle of the Synthetic Unity of Apperception Is the Supreme Principle of All Use of the Understanding (B136-6) -- 4. Section 18: What Objective Unity of Self-Consciousness Is (B139-40) -- 5. Section 19: The Logical Form of All Judgments Consists in the Objective Unity of the Apperception of the Concepts Contained Therein (B140-2) -- 6. Section 20: All Sensible Intuitions Stand under the Categories as Conditions under Which Alone Their Manifold Can Come Together in One Consciousness (B143) -- CHAPTER NINE: THE B-DEDUCTION (2): SECTIONS 21-7 -- 1. Section 21: The Transition (B144-6) -- 2. Sections 22-3: The Restriction Thesis (B146-9) -- 3. Section 24 (the First Part): The Relation of the Categories to the Forms of Sensible Intuition through the Transcendental Synthesis of the Imagination (B150-2) -- 4. Section 24 (the Second Part) and Section 25: Inner Sense and Apperception (B152-9) -- 5. Section 26: Apprehension, Perception, and Experience (B159-65) -- 6. Section 27: A Recapitulation (B165-9) -- CONCLUSION -- Bibliography -- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198724858 20160618
Henry E. Allison presents an analytical and historical commentary on Kant's transcendental deduction of the pure concepts of the understanding in the Critique of Pure Reason. He argues that, rather than providing a new solution to an old problem (refuting a global skepticism regarding the objectivity of experience), it addresses a new problem (the role of a priori concepts or categories stemming from the nature of the understanding in grounding this objectivity), and he traces the line of thought that led Kant to the recognition of the significance of this problem in his 'pre-critical' period. Allison locates four decisive steps in this process: the recognition that sensibility and understanding are distinct and irreducible cognitive powers, which Kant referred to as a 'great light' of 1769; the subsequent realization that, though distinct, these powers only yield cognition when they work together, which is referred to as the 'discursivity thesis' and which led directly to the distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments and the problem of the synthetic a priori; the discovery of the necessary unity of apperception as the supreme norm governing discursive cognition; and the recognition, through the influence of Tetens, of the role of the imagination in mediating between sensibility and understanding. In addition to the developmental nature of the account of Kant's views, two distinctive features of Allison'sreading of the deduction are a defense of Kant's oft criticized claim that the conformity of appearances to the categories must be unconditionally rather than merely conditionally necessary (the 'non-contingency thesis') and an insistence that the argument cannot be separated from Kant's transcendental idealism (the 'non-separability thesis').
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198724858 20160618
Henry E. Allison presents an analytical and historical commentary on Kant's transcendental deduction of the pure concepts of the understanding in the Critique of Pure Reason. He argues that, rather than providing a new solution to an old problem (refuting a global skepticism regarding the objectivity of experience), it addresses a new problem (the role of a priori concepts or categories stemming from the nature of the understanding in grounding this objectivity), and he traces the line of thought that led Kant to the recognition of the significance of this problem in his 'pre-critical' period. In addition to the developmental nature of the account of Kant's views presented here, two distinctive features of Allison's reading of the deduction are a defense of Kant's oft criticized claim that the conformity of appearances to the categories must be unconditionally rather than merely conditionally necessary (the 'non-contingency thesis') and an insistence that the argument cannot be separated from Kant's transcendental idealism (the 'non-separability thesis').
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198724865 20160618
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
Book
xiii, 310 pages ; 24 cm.
  • Acknowledgments. 1. Introduction. 2. A Subject Matter for Ethics. 3. Moral Epistemology and the Empirical Under-Determination of Ethical Theory. 4. The Practicality of Morality and the Humean Conception of Reason and Motivation 5. Error Theory. 6. Simple Subjectivism. 7. The Cognitivist Heirs of Simple Subjectivism - Ideal Observers and Ideal Agents. 8. Noncognitivist Heirs of Simple Subjectivism. 9. Fictionalism. 10. Externalist Backlash. 11. Scientific Naturalism I: Cornell Realism. 12. Scientific Realism II: Moral Functionalism and Network Analyses. 13. Nonnaturalism and Anti-Reductionism. 14. Odds, Ends and Morals. Glossary.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415894425 20160619
Metaethics: A Contemporary Introduction provides a solid foundation in metaethics for advanced undergraduates by introducing a series of puzzles that most metaethical theories address. These puzzles involve moral disagreement, reference, moral epistemology, metaphysics, and moral psychology. From there, author Mark van Roojen discusses the many positions in metaethics that people will take in reaction to these puzzles. Van Roojen asks several essential questions of his readers, namely: What is metaethics? Why study it? How does one discuss metaethics, given its inherently controversial nature? Each chapter closes with questions, both for reading comprehension and further discussion, and annotated suggestions for further reading.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415894425 20160619
Philosophy Library (Tanner)

20. Normativity [2015]

Book
414 pages ; 23 cm.
  • How to Hume a Hegel-Kant: a program for naturalizing normative consciousness / Kenneth A. Taylor
  • Which mental states are rationally evaluable, and why? / Kate Nolfi
  • Normativity for naturalists / Brian Leiter
  • Reason versus ought / John Broome
  • Reasons and promotion / Nathaniel Sharadin
  • The pitfalls of 'reasons' / Ralph Wedgwood
  • Normativity: the place of reasoning / Joseph Raz
  • Knowing a rule / Carlotta Pavese
  • Can we believe for practical reasons? / Juan Comesaña
  • Against the new evidentialists / Susanna Rinard
  • What does it matter what it's like? / David Sosa
  • Experience, phenomenal character and epistemic justification / Paul Boghossian
  • Internalism without luminosity / Miriam Schoenfield
  • Normativity without Cartesian privilege / Amia Srinivasan
  • Calibrating introspection / Maja Spener
  • Coherentism via graphs / Selim Berker
  • Knowledge is all you need / Lisa Miracchi
  • Is knowledge normative? / Mark Schroeder
  • The normativity of humor / Matthew Kotzen.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)