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xix, 640 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors ix Foreword xvi Acknowledgments xix Part I Introductory Articles 1 1 The Nature of Applied Philosophy 3 Kasper Lippert ]Rasmussen 2 The Methodology of Applied Philosophy 18 David Archard 3 The Value of Applied Philosophy 34 Suzanne Uniacke Part II Epistemology 49 4 Applied Epistemology 51 David Coady 5 Gender and Feminist Epistemology 61 Nancy Daukas 6 The Epistemology of Deliberative Democracy 76 Fabienne Peter 7 Information Markets 89 Kristoffer Ahlstrom ]Vij 8 Epistemology for (Real) People 103 Michael Bishop and J.D. Trout 9 Are Conspiracy Theorists Epistemically Vicious? 120 Charles R. Pigden 10 Experts in the Climate Change Debate 133 Ben Almassi 11 Freedom of Expression, Diversity, and Truth 147 Klemens Kappel, Bjorn Hallsson, and Emil F.L. Moller Part III Metaphysics and Philosophy of Language 163 12 Applied Metaphysics 165 Katherine Hawley 13 Applied Philosophy of Language 180 Emma Borg 14 Social Ontology and War 196 Seumas Miller 15 The Metaphysics of Gender 211 Natalie Stoljar 16 The Existence of the Dead 224 Steven Luper 17 Freedom of Expression and Derogatory Words 236 Caroline West Part IV Ethics 253 18 Applied Moral Philosophy 255 Richard Arneson 19 Neuroethics and Responsibility 270 Neil Levy 20 Non ]ideal Theory 284 Zofia Stemplowska 21 Death: Badness and Prudential Reasons 297 Jens Johansson Part V Political Philosophy and Philosophy of Law 311 22 Applied Political and Legal Philosophy 313 Michelle Madden Dempsey and Matthew Lister 23 Legal Human Rights Theory 328 Samantha Besson 24 Collectivism and Reductivism in the Ethics of War 342 Helen Frowe 25 Freedom of Association 356 Kimberley Brownlee 26 Neuroethics and Criminal Justice 370 Jesper Ryberg and Thomas Sobirk Petersen 27 Deliberative Democracy 383 Thomas Christiano and Sameer Bajaj 28 Tax Ethics: Political and Individual 397 Geoffrey Brennan and George Tsai 29 Benefiting from Wrongdoing 411 Avia Pasternak 30 Freedom of Religion and Expression 424 Larry Alexander Part VI Philosophy of Science 439 31 Applied Philosophy of Social Science: The Case of the Social Construction of Race 441 Isaac Wiegman and Ron Mallon 32 Social Constructivism in Social Science and Science Wars 455 Finn Collin 33 Did Climate Change Cause That? 469 Richard Corry Part VII Aesthetics 485 34 Applied Aesthetics 487 David Davies 35 Thought Experiments in Aesthetics 501 Paisley Livingston and Mikael Pettersson 36 Aesthetic Value, Artistic Value, and Morality 514 Andrea Sauchelli 37 The Applied Philosophy of Humor 527 Noel Carroll Part VIII Philosophy of Religion 539 38 Applied Philosophy of Religion 541 C.A.J. Coady 39 Thinking about Reported Miracles 555 Timothy Mcgrew 40 Religion and Neuroscience 567 Monima Chadha Part IX History of Applied Philosophy 583 41 Ancient Applied Philosophy 585 Chris Megone 42 Modern Applied Philosophy: Kant on Theory and Practice 599 Allen Wood Index 612.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118869130 20170418
Applied philosophy has been a growing area of research for the last 40 years. Until now, however, almost all of this research has been centered around the field of ethics. A Companion to Applied Philosophy breaks new ground, demonstrating that all areasof philosophy, including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, and philosophy of mind, can be applied, and are relevant to questions of everyday life. This perennial topic in philosophy provides an overview of these various applied philosophy developments, highlighting similarities and differences between various areas of applied philosophy, and examining the very nature of this topic. It is an area to which many of the towering figures in the history of philosophy have contributed, and this timely Companion demonstrates how various historical contributions are actually contributions within applied philosophy, even if they are not traditionally seen as such. The Companion contains 42 essays covering major areas of philosophy; the articles themselves are all original contributions to the literature and represent the state of the art on this topic, as well as offering a map to the current debates.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118869130 20170418
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xvii, 785 pages ; 26 cm.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xx, 397 pages ; 24 cm
  • 1. Ethics and economics?-- 2. Ethics in welfare economics-- 3. Ethics in positive economics: two examples-- Part I. Rationality, Morality, and Markets: 4. Rationality and utility theory-- 5. Rationality and morality in positive economics-- 6. The ethical limits to markets-- Part II. Welfare and Consequences: 7. Utilitarianism, consequentialism, and justice-- 8. Welfare-- 9. Welfare economics-- Part III. Liberty, Rights, Equality and Justice: 10. Liberty, rights and libertarianism-- 11. Equality and egalitarianism-- 12. Justice and contractualism-- Part IV. Moral Mathematics: 13. Social choice theory-- 14. Game theory-- Conclusions: 15. Putting economics and ethics to work-- 16. Economics and ethics, hand in hand-- Appendix.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107158313 20170424
This book shows through argument and numerous policy-related examples how understanding moral philosophy can improve economic analysis, how moral philosophy can benefit from economists' analytical tools, and how economic analysis and moral philosophy together can inform public policy. Part I explores the idea of rationality and its connections to ethics, arguing that when they defend their formal model of rationality, most economists implicitly espouse contestable moral principles. Part II addresses the nature and measurement of welfare, utilitarianism and cost-benefit analysis. Part III discusses freedom, rights, equality, and justice - moral notions that are relevant to evaluating policies, but which have played little if any role in conventional welfare economics. Finally, Part IV explores work in social choice theory and game theory that is relevant to moral decision making. Each chapter includes recommended reading and discussion questions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107158313 20170424
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
vi, 299 pages ; 24 cm
Trust is central to our social lives. We know by trusting what others tell us. We act on that basis, and on the basis of trust in their promises and implicit commitments. So trust underpins both epistemic and practical cooperation and is key to philosophical debates on the conditions of its possibility. It is difficult to overstate the significance of these issues. On the practical side, discussions of cooperation address what makes society possible-of how it is that life is not a Hobbesian war of all against all. On the epistemic side, discussions of cooperation address what makes the pooling of knowledge possible-and so the edifice that is science. But trust is not merely central to our lives instrumentally; trusting relations are themselves of great value, and in trusting others, we realise distinctive forms of value. What are these forms of value, and how is trust central to our lives? These questions are explored and developed in this volume, which collects fifteen new essays on the philosophy of trust. They develop and extend existing philosophical discussion of trust and will provide a reference point for future work on trust.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198732549 20170418
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xii, 446 pages ; 22 cm.
  • A history of inherent contradictions: the origins and end of American conservatism / James R. Kurth
  • An interpretation of American conservative thought: political issues : conceptual differences, and attitudinal disjunctions / David Sidorsky
  • Conservatism in America?: a response to Sidorsky / Patrick J. Deneen
  • The worms and the octopus: religious freedom, pluralism, and conservatism / Richard W. Garnett
  • Anti-governmentism in conservative thought: a note on Garnett's conception of religious freedom / Ingrid Creppell
  • Constitutive stories about the common law in modern American conservatism / Ken I. Kersch
  • The role of conservatism in securing and maintaining just moral constitutions: toward a theory of complex normative systems / Gerald Gaus
  • Constitutional conservatism and American conservatism / Johnathan O'Neill
  • Fighting over the conservative banner / Carl T. Bogus
  • Uniting conservatives: comments on Bogus's trifurcated conservatism / Eldon Eisenach
  • Leo Strauss and American conservative thought and politics / Nathan Tarcov
  • What fascism teaches us / Arthur J. Jacobson
  • Segregation, aggression, and executive power: Leo Strauss and 'the boys' / Alan Gilbert.
The topic of American conservatism is especially timely-and perhaps volatile. Is there what might be termed an "exceptional" form of conservatism that is characteristically American, in contrast to conservatisms found in other countries? Are views that are identified in the United States as conservative necessarily congruent with what political theorists might classify under that label? Or does much American conservatism almost necessarily reflect the distinctly liberal background of American political thought? In American Conservatism, a distinguished group of American political and legal scholars reflect on these crucial questions, unpacking the very nature and development of American conservative thought. They examine both the historical and contemporary realities of arguments offered by self-conscious conservatives in the United States, offering a well-rounded view of the state of this field. In addition to synoptic overviews of the various dimensions of American conservative thought, specific attention is paid to such topics as American constitutionalism, the role of religion and religious institutions, and the particular impact of the late Leo Strauss on American thought and thinkers. Just as American conservatism includes a wide, and sometimes conflicting, group of thinkers, the essays in this volume themselves reflect differing and sometimes controversial assessments of the theorists under discussion.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781479812370 20160704
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xvi, 622 pages ; 25 cm.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xiii, 534 pages ; 25 cm.
"Since the turn of the twenty-first century, naturalism has become one of the most prominent philosophical orthodoxies in the Western academy. Yet naturalism is more often assumed than defended. The Blackwell Companion to Naturalism offers a systematic introduction that defines, discusses and defends philosophical naturalism. Essays tackle naturalism's role in existing cultural conversations, from Libertarianism to Confucianism, and provide detailed examinations of philosophical concepts like metaphysics, realism, feminism, science, free will, and ethics as viewed through a naturalist lens. With contributions from an international array of established and emerging scholars from across the humanities, the collection encapsulates contemporary debates in the field. The Blackwell Companion to Naturalism provides an enlightening and accessible guide for self-identified naturalists and philosophy students who are new to naturalism alike"-- Provided by publisher.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
liii, 494 pages ; 25 cm
  • Introduction -- Need to Know Basis: The Facts about Resources, the Oil Companies and the Oil Countries -- Summary of the Book -- Part I -- Them v. Them -- Chapter 1. Addicted to Money -- Chapter 2. Power-What Big Men Want -- Chapter 3. Coercion, Corruption -- Chapter 4. Then Maybe Blood -- Part II -- Them v. Us v. Us. -- Chapter 5. Might Makes Right -- Chapter 6. Curses on Us: Petrocrats, Terrorists and Conflict -- Chapter 7. How Might Makes Right -- Chapter 8. Gripping Dirty Hands -- Part III -- The People's Rights -- Chapter 9. Counter-Power -- Chapter 10. The Determination of Peoples -- Chapter 11. Popular Resource Sovereignty -- Chapter 12. The State of the Law -- Chapter 13. Popular Philosophy -- Chapter 14. Our Corruption: Why Leaders Must Lie -- Part IV -- Clean Trade Policy -- Chapter 15. Principles for Action -- Chapter 16. Clean Trade Policy I - Protecting Property Rights -- Chapter 17. Clean Trade Policy II - Empowering the People -- Part V -- All United -- Chapter 18. The Future Together -- Epilogue. The Ideal of Unity -- Notes -- References -- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780190262921 20160704
Natural resources like oil and minerals are the largest source of unaccountable power in the world. Petrocrats like Putin and the Saudis spend resource money on weapons and oppression; militants in Iraq and in the Congo spend resource money on radicalization and ammunition. Resource-fueled authoritarians and extremists present endless crises to the West - and the source of their resource power is ultimately ordinary consumers, doing their everyday shopping at the gas station and the mall. In this sweeping new book, one of today's leading political philosophers, Leif Wenar, goes behind the headlines in search of the hidden global rule that thwarts democracy and development - and that puts shoppers into business with some of today's most dangerous men. Wenar discovers a rule that once licensed the slave trade and apartheid and genocide, a rule whose abolition has marked some of humanity's greatest triumphs-yet a rule that still enflames tyranny and war and terrorism through today's multi-trillion dollar resource trade. Blood Oil shows how the West can now lead a peaceful revolution by ending its dependence on authoritarian oil, and by getting consumers out of business with the men of blood. The book describes practical strategies for upgrading world trade: for choosing new rules that will make us more secure at home, more trusted abroad, and better able to solve pressing global problems like climate change. Blood Oil shows citizens, consumers and leaders how we can act together today to create a more united human future.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780190262921 20160704
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xv, 521 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors ix Acknowledgments xii A Note on Abbreviations and References xiv Part I Context 1 1 An Introduction to the Study of Ayn Rand 3 Gregory Salmieri 2 The Life of Ayn Rand: Writing, Reading, and Related Life Events 22 Shoshana Milgram Part II Ethics and Human Nature 47 3 The Act of Valuing (and the Objectivity of Values) 49 Gregory Salmieri 4 The Morality of Life 73 Allan Gotthelf (completed by Gregory Salmieri) 5 A Being of Self-Made Soul 105 Onkar Ghate 6 Egoism and Altruism: Selfi shness and Sacrifice 130 Gregory Salmieri Part III Society 157 7 A Human Society : Rand s Social Philosophy 159 Darryl Wright 8 Political Theory: A Radical for Capitalism 187 Fred D. Miller, Jr. and Adam Mossoff 9 Objective Law 209 Tara Smith 10 A Free Mind and a Free Market are Corollaries : Rand s Philosophical Perspective on Capitalism 222 Onkar Ghate Part IV The Foundations of Objectivism 243 11 Objectivist Metaphysics: The Primacy of Existence 245 Jason G. Rheins 12 The Objectivist Epistemology 272 Gregory Salmieri Part V Philosophers and Their Effects 319 13 Who Sets the Tone for a Culture? : Ayn Rand s Approach to the History of Philosophy 321 James G. Lennox 14 Ayn Rand s Evolving View of Friedrich Nietzsche 343 Lester H. Hunt 15 A Philosopher on Her Times: Ayn Rand s Political and Cultural Commentary 351 John David Lewis and Gregory Salmieri Part VI Art 403 16 The Objectivist Esthetics: Art and the Needs of a Conceptual Consciousness 405 Harry Binswanger 17 Rand s Literary Romanticism 426 Tore Boeckmann Coda 451 18 Hallmarks of Objectivism: The Benevolent Universe Premise and the Heroic View of Man 453 Allan Gotthelf and Gregory Salmieri Annotated Bibliography of Primary and Quasi-Primary Sources 463 Index 471.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781405186841 20160619
The first volume to offer a comprehensive scholarly treatment of Rand s entire corpus (including her novels, her philosophical essays, and her analysis of the events of her times), this Companion provides vital orientation and context for scholars and educated readers grappling with a controversial and understudied thinker whose enduring influence on American (and world) culture is increasingly recognized. * The first publication to provide an in-depth scholarly treatment ranging over the whole of Rand s corpus * Provides informed contextual analysis for scholars in a variety of disciplines * Presents original research on unpublished material and drafts from the Rand archives in California * Features insightful and fair-minded interpretations of Rand s controversial positions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781405186841 20160619
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xiv, 621 pages ; 25 cm
  • Notes on Contributors 1. Introduction PART I: Experimental Philosophy: Past, Present and Future 2. Experimental Philosophy and the Philosophical Tradition Stephen Stich and Kevin Tobia 3. Philosophical Criticisms of Experimental Philosophy Timothy Williamson 4. Experimental Philosophy is Cognitive Science Joshua Knobe 5. Armchair-friendly Experimental Philosophy Kaija Mortensen and Jennifer Nagel 6. Going Positive by Going Negative: On Keeping X-Phi Relevant & Dangerous Jonathan M. Weinberg 7. Early Modern Experimental Philosophy Peter R. Anstey and Alberto Vanzo 8. Nietzsche and Moral Psychology Daniel Telech and Brian Leiter PART II: Areas of Research Free Will and Philosophy of Action 9. The Folk Concept of Intentional Action: Empirical Approaches Florian Cova 10. Traditional and Experimental Approaches to Free Will and Moral Responsibility Gunnar Bjornsson and Derk Pereboom 11. Free Will and Experimental Philosophy Hoi-yee Chan, Max Deutsch and Shaun Nichols Moral and Political Philosophy 12. Solving the Trolley Problem Joshua D. Greene 13. The Adaptive Logic of Moral Luck Justin W. Martin and Fiery Cushman 14. Metaethics: Traditional and Empirical Approaches Alexandra Plakias 15. Aspects of Folk Morality: Objectivism and Relativism Hagop Sarkissian 16. The Behavior of Ethicists Eric Schwitzgebel and Joshua Rust 17. Experimental or Empirical Political Philosophy Nicole Hassoun 18. Ownership Rights Shaylene E. Nancekivell, J. Charles Millar, Pauline C. Summers and Ori Friedman Philosophy of Mind 19. Attributions of Consciousness Justin Sytsma 20. A Unified versus Componential View of Understanding Minds Lily Tsoi 21. The Group Mind in Commonsense Psychology Bryce Huebner 22. Synesthesia as a Challenge for Representationalism Berit Brogaard 23. Naturalistic Approaches to Creativity Dustin Stokes and Elliot Samuel Paul Epistemology 24. Knowledge Judgments in "Gettier" Cases John Turri 25. Experiments on Contextualism and Interest Relative Invariantism Angel Pinillos 26. Evaluative Effects on Knowledge Attributions James R. Beebe Philosophy of Language 27. Reference Mike Dacey and Ron Mallon 28. Experimental Pragmatics in Linguistics and Philosophy Mark Phelan 29. Generics and Experimental Philosophy Adam Lerner and Sarah-Jane Leslie Metaphysics 30. Metaphysics and Cognitive Science L. A. Paul 31. Experimental Philosophy and Causal Attributions Jonathan Livengood and David Rose 32. Causal Models and Screening-off Juhwa Park and Steven A. Sloman 33. Causal Search, Causal Modeling, and the Folk David Danks Philosophy of Science 34. Experimental Philosophy of Science Edouard Machery 35. Explanation Tania Lombrozo 36. The Concept of Innateness as an Object of Empirical Enquiry Richard Samuels Logic and Reasoning 37. Experimental Philosophical Logic David Ripley 38. Experimental Philosophy meets Formal Epistemology Jonah N. Schupbach 39. Experimental Approaches to the Study of Conditionals Igor Douven Metaphilosophy and Individual Differences 40. Philosophical Expertise Joshua Alexander 41. Intuitional Stability Jennifer Cole Wright 42. Personality and Philosophical Bias Adam Feltz and Edward T. Cokely 43. Experimental Philosophy and the Underrepresentation of Women Carrie Figdor and Matt L. Drabek Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118661703 20170418
This is a comprehensive collection of essays that explores cutting-edge work in experimental philosophy, a radical new movement that applies quantitative and empirical methods to traditional topics of philosophical inquiry. * Situates the discipline within Western philosophy and then surveys the work of experimental philosophers by sub-discipline * Contains insights for a diverse range of fields, including linguistics, cognitive science, anthropology, economics, and psychology, as well as almost every area of professional philosophy today * Edited by two rising scholars who take a broad and inclusive approach to the field * Offers a complete introduction for non-specialists and students to the central approaches, findings, challenges, and controversies in experimental philosophy.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118661703 20170418
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xvii, 569 pages ; 26 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors ix References to Locke sWorks xvi Introduction 1 Matthew Stuart Part I Life and Background 25 1 Locke s Life 27 Mark Goldie 2 The Contexts of Locke s Political Thought 45 Jacqueline Rose 3 Locke and Natural Philosophy 64 Peter R. Anstey 4 Locke and Scholasticism 82 E.J. Ashworth 5 Locke and Descartes 100 Lisa Downing Part II Metaphysics and Epistemology 121 6 The Genesis and Composition of the Essay 123 J. R. Milton 7 The Theory of Ideas 140 David Soles 8 Locke s Critique of Innatism 157 Raffaella De Rosa 9 Locke on Perception 175 Michael Jacovides 10 Primary and Secondary Qualities 193 Robert A.Wilson 11 Locke on Essence and the Social Construction of Kinds 212 Kenneth P.Winkler 12 Locke s Theory of Identity 236 Dan Kaufman 13 Liberty and Suspension in Locke s Theory of theWill 260 Don Garrett 14 Language and Meaning 279 E.J. Lowe 15 Locke on Knowledge and Belief 296 Antonia LoLordo 16 Sensitive Knowledge: Locke on Skepticism and Sensation 313 Jennifer Nagel 17 Locke on Thinking Matter 334 Martha Brandt Bolton 18 The Correspondence with Stillingfleet 354 Matthew Stuart Part III Government, Ethics, and Society 371 19 Locke on the Law of Nature and Natural Rights 373 S. Adam Seagrave 20 Locke on Property and Money 394 Richard Boyd 21 Locke on the Social Contract 413 A. John Simmons 22 Locke on Toleration 433 Alex Tuckness 23 Locke on Education 448 Ruth W. Grant and Benjamin R. Hertzberg Part IV Religion 467 24 Locke s Philosophy of Religion 469 Marcy P. Lascano 25 The Reasonableness of Christianity and A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of St Paul 486 Victor Nuovo Part V Locke s Legacy 503 26 Locke and British Empiricism 505 Louis E. Loeb 27 Locke and the Liberal Tradition 528 Richard J. Arneson 28 Locke and America 546 Mark Goldie Index 564.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781405178150 20160619
This collection of 28 original essays examines the diverse scope of John Locke s contributions as a celebrated philosopher, empiricist, and father of modern political theory. * Explores the impact of Locke s thought and writing across a range of fields including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, political theory, education, religion, and economics * Delves into the most important Lockean topics, such as innate ideas, perception, natural kinds, free will, natural rights, religious toleration, and political liberalism * Identifies the political, philosophical, and religious contexts in which Locke s views developed, with perspectives from today s leading philosophers and scholars * Offers an unprecedented reference of Locke s contributions and his continued influence.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781405178150 20160619
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xxxi, 375 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 26 cm.
  • * Introduction* The case of academician Luzin in the collective memory of the scientific community* Minutes of the meetings of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission in the case of academician Luzin* Minutes of the meeting of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission in the matter of academician Luzin: 7 July Minutes of the meeting of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission on the matter of academician Luzin*9 July Minutes of the meeting of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission on the matter of academician Luzin*11 July Minutes of the meeting of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission in the matter of academician Luzin*13 July Minutes of the meeting of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission in the matter of academician Luzin*15 July Commentaries on the minutes of the meetings of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission in the case of academician Luzin* Commentaries on the minutes of the meetings of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission in the case of academician Luzin Commentary on the minutes of the meeting of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission in the matter of academician Luzin*7 July 1936 Commentary on the minutes of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission in the matter of academician Luzin*9 July 1936 Commentary on the minutes of the meeting of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission in the matter of academician Luzin*11 July 1936 Commentary on the minutes of the meeting of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission in the matter of academician Luzin*13 July 1936 Commentary on the minutes of the meeting of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission in the matter of academician Luzin*15 July 1936 Literature Appendices* Appendices introduction* A pleasant disillusionment* Reply to academician N. Luzin* Enemies wearing a Soviet mask* Letter from L. Z. Mekhlis, editor of $\textit{Pravda}$, to the Central Committee, 3 July 1936* Resolution concerning the articles "Response to academician Luzin" and "Enemies wearing a Soviet mask" in $\textit{Pravda}$* Draft of the proposal of the special session of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 4 July 1936* Letter from P. L. Kapitsa to Molotov, 6 July 1936* Excerpt from the minutes of the Presidum meeting of 7 July 1936* Letters from V. I. Vernadski iand N. V. Nasonov to the Academy of Sciences Division of Mathematical and Natural Sciences and to academicians A. E. Fersman and N. P. Gorbunov in support of academician Luzin* Letter from academician N. N. Luzin to the Central Committee of the Communist Party 7 July 1936* Traditions of servility* Resolution of the General Assembly of Scientists of the Department of Mechanics and Mathematics and Institute of Mathematics, Mechanics, and Astronomy at Moscow University* Letter from Luzin to an undetermined addressee, 11 July 1936* Enemies wearing a Soviet mask* The Leningrad scholars respond* Letter from L. Z. Mekhlis, Editor of Pravda, to Stalin and Molotov, 14 July 1936* The enemy exposed Luzin's statement to the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences, 14 July 1936* Academician Gubkin on so-called academician Luzin* The Belarus scholars on the exposed enemy Luzin* The scholarly community condemns enemies wearing a Soviet mask* Note accompanying the draft of the findings of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences regarding academician N. N. Luzin, 25 July 1936* Conclusion of the Commission On academician N. N. Luzin* Findings of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 5 August 1936* To rid academia of Luzinism* Glossary of Soviet terms and people* Subject index* Name index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781470426088 20160711
The Soviet school, one of the glories of twentieth-century mathematics, faced a serious crisis in the summer of 1936. It was suffering from internal strains due to generational conflicts between the young talents and the old establishment. At the same time, Soviet leaders (including Stalin himself) were bent on "Sovietizing" all of science in the USSR by requiring scholars to publish their works in Russian in the Soviet Union, ending the nearly universal practice of publishing in the West. A campaign to "Sovietize" mathematics in the USSR was launched with an attack on Nikolai Nikolaevich Luzin, the leader of the Soviet school of mathematics, in Pravda. Luzin was fortunate in that only a few of the most ardent ideologues wanted to destroy him utterly. As a result, Luzin, though humiliated and frightened, was allowed to make a statement of public repentance and then let off with a relatively mild reprimand. A major factor in his narrow escape was the very abstractness of his research area (descriptive set theory), which was difficult to incorporate into a propaganda campaign aimed at the broader public. The present book contains the transcripts of five meetings of the Academy of Sciences commission charged with investigating the accusations against Luzin, meetings held in July of 1936. Ancillary material from the Soviet press of the time is included to place these meetings in context.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781470426088 20160711
Philosophy Library (Tanner), Science Library (Li and Ma)
x, 196 pages : some illustrations ; 24 cm.
This thesis uses logical tools to investigate a number of basic features of social networks and their evolution over time, including flow of information and spread of opinions. Part I contains the preliminaries, including an introduction to the basic phenomena in social networks that call for a logical analysis of information and reasoning, a review of background material from logic and social network theory, plus an outline of the thesis. Part II presents logical models of collective failures, and illuminates how and when sound individual microbehavior can lead to counterproductive collective macrobehavior. Chapter 3 uses dynamic-epistemic logics of information update to model the phenomenon of informational cascades leading to suboptimal group behavior. This analysis confirms that perfectly rational agents following the crowd may get stuck in a cascade leading them to make the wrong choice, despite the availability of enough evidence to avoid such a mistake. We show that this holds under various basic assumptions. Whether agents are fullfedged Bayesian reasoners or use a simpler counting heuristics, and whether they have unbounded higher-order reasoning or not, some misleading informational cascades are simply inescapable by rational means. Chapter 4 models a second counterproductive social phenomenon, that of pluralistic ignorance. Using a model based on hybrid logic, we formalize and explain the dynamic properties of this scenario as observed in the social sciences: its stability and its fragility. As for remedies, we show that, on all but 2-colorable network graphs, changing the behavior of one unique agent is sufficient to reverse the situation entirely. Together, Chapters 3 and 4 offer a great variety of new update mechanisms for social agents in structured settings. Part III abstracts from specific case studies to investigate the general logic of diffusion phenomena in social networks, as well as the interaction of information and diffusion dynamics. Chapter 5 presents a general hybrid dynamic framework to capture the logical laws of the temporal evolution of a wide class of diffusion dynamics, allowing us to plug-in various network update rules. Using an epistemic extension of this hybrid approach, Chapter 6 investigates how diffusion dynamics may induce learning by agents who observe how their public behavior evolves in response to social conformity pressure. Finally, Chapter 7 goes one step further, and proposes a minimal framework for modeling the dynamics of threshold models. We show how this setting captures interactions of network properties with diffusion processes, such as the fact that having dense enough clusters in a network prevents full cascades. Adding an epistemic logic-based component, we also show how knowing more about the network structure and the behavior of agents in the network may accelerate diffusion in threshold models. Here we study the limit behavior of various diffusion policies: knowledge-independent, first-order knowledge dependent, or higher-order knowledge dependent. Finally, Part IV presents a summary of our findings, and some ongoing work and perspectives for future research. We discuss modal logics and related formalisms for studying network behavior under various graph properties and rules of in uence. We also discuss the natural transition from network evolution by fixed rules as studied in this thesis to the study of network games where agents have choices and goals. Overall, this thesis applies tools from current logics of information update and agency to social network analysis and opinion ow over time, offering both tools for detailed modeling of specific scenarios and a better understanding of the general laws of reasoning that underlie information and diffusion dynamics in social settings.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
314 pages ; 23 cm.
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)

15. Knowledge and mind [2016]

492 pages ; 23 cm.
  • Is there a problem with cognitive outsourcing? / Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij
  • Practical perception and intelligent action / John Bengson
  • Against emotional dogmatism / Berit Brogaard and Elijah Chudnoff
  • Incompatibilist commitment and moral self-knowledge: the epistemology of Libertarianism / E.J. Coffman
  • The essential connection between epistemology and the theory of reference / Imogen Dickie
  • An argument for uniqueness about evidential support / Sinan Dogramaci and Sophie Horowitz
  • How to be an infallibilist / Julien Dutant
  • Testimonial knowledge: a unified account / Peter J. Graham
  • Safety, explanation, iteration / Daniel Greco
  • How understanding people differs from understanding the natural world / Stephen R. Grimm
  • Knowing our own hearst: self-reporting and the science of love / C.S.I. Jenkins
  • Unconscious evidence / Jack Lyons
  • Redefining illusion and hallucination in light of new cases / Riona Macpherson and Clare Batty
  • Good looking / Jennifer Matey
  • Against the taking condition / Conor McHugh and Jonathan Way
  • Evidentialism, transparency, and commitments / Sherrilyn Roush
  • Norms of belief / Mona Simon, Christoph Kelp, and Harmen Ghijsen
  • Belief and self-knowledge: lessons from Moore's paradox / Declan Smithies
  • Mind misreading / Shannon Spaulding
  • Empiricist pragmatism / José L. Zalabardo
  • No state a priori known to be factive is mental / Elia Zardini.
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xii, 211 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Introduction.- Acknowledgments.- Part I: Procedural Semantics.- 1. Algorithmic Theory of Meaning.- 2. Complexity in Linguistics.- Part II: Simple Quantifiers.- 3. Basic Generalized Quantifier Theory.- 4. Computing Simple Quantifiers.- 5. Cognitive Processing of Quantifiers.- Part III: Complex Quantifiers.- 6. Standard Polyadic Lifts.- 7. Complexity of Polyadic Quantifiers.- 8. Complexity of Quantified Reciprocals.- 9. Branching Quantifiers.- Part IV: Collective Quantifiers.- 10. Complexity of Collective Quantification.- Part V: Perspectives and Conclusions.- Conclusions.- A. Mathematical Machinery.- Bibliography.- Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319287478 20160619
This volume on the semantic complexity of natural language explores the question why some sentences are more difficult than others. While doing so, it lays the groundwork for extending semantic theory with computational and cognitive aspects by combining linguistics and logic with computations and cognition. Quantifier expressions occur whenever we describe the world and communicate about it. Generalized quantifier theory is therefore one of the basic tools of linguistics today, studying the possible meanings and the inferential power of quantifier expressions by logical means. The classic version was developed in the 1980s, at the interface of linguistics, mathematics and philosophy. Before this volume, advances in "classic" generalized quantifier theory mainly focused on logical questions and their applications to linguistics, this volume adds a computational component, the third pillar of language use and logical activity. This book is essential reading for researchers in linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science, logic, AI, and computer science.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319287478 20160619
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xxi, 937 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
  • Introduction.- 1. Agency and interaction: what we are and what we do in formal epistemology-- Jeffrey Helzner and Vincent F. Hendricks.- Part 1. Bayesian Epistemology: Introduction.- 2. Truth and probability-- Frank P. Ramsey.- 3. Probable knowledge-- Richard C. Jeffrey.- 4. Fine---grained opinion, probability and the logic of full belief-- Bas C. van Fraassen.- 5. A theory of higher order probabilities-- Haim Gaifman.- 6. On indeterminate probabilities-- Isaac Levi.- 6. On indeterminate probabilities-- Isaac Levi.- 7. Why I am not a Bayesian-- Clark Glymour.- 8. A mistake in dynamic coherence arguments? Brian Skyrms.- 9. Some problems for conditionalization and reflection-- Frank Arntzenius.- 10. Stopping to reflect-- Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld and Joseph B. Kadane.- Part II. Belief Change: Introduction.- 11. On the logic of theory change: partial meet contraction and revision functions-- Carlos Alchourron, Peter Gardenfors and David Makinson.- 12. Theory contraction and base contraction unified-- Sven Ove Hansson.- 13. How infallible but corrigible full belief is possible-- Isaac Levi.- 14. Belief contraction in the context of the General Theory of Rational Choice-- Hans Rott.- 15. A survey of ranking theory-- Wolfgang Spohn.- Part III. Decision Theory: Introduction.- 16. Allais's Paradox-- Leonard Savage.- 17. Decision theory without 'independence' or without 'ordering'-- Teddy Seidenfeld.- 18. Ambiguity and the Bayesian paradigm-- Itzhak Gilboa and Massimo Marinacci.- 19. State dependent utilities-- Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld and Joseph B. Kadane.- 20. Causal decision theory-- James M. Joyce and Allan Gibbard.- 21. Advances in prospect theory: cumulative representation of uncertainty-- Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahnemann.- Part IV. Logics of Knowledge and Belief: Introduction.- 22. Epistemology without knowledge and without belief-- Jaakko Hintikka.- 23. Epistemic operators-- Fred Dretske.- 24. Elusive knowledge-- David Lewis.- 25. Knowledge and skepticism-- Robert Nozick.- 26. On logics of knowledge and belief-- Robert Stalnaker.- 27. Sentences, belief and logical omniscience, or what does deduction tell us? Rohit Parikh.- 28. The logic of justification-- Sergei Artemov.- 29. Learning theory and epistemology-- Kevin T. Kelly.- 30. Some computational constraints in epistemic logic-- Timothy Williamson.- Part V. Interactive Epistemology: Introduction.- 31. Convention (an excerpt)-- David Lewis.- 32. Three views of common understanding-- Jon Barwise.- 33. The logic of public announcements, common knowledge and private suspicions-- Alexandru Baltag, Lawrence S. Moss and Slawomir Solecki.- 34. A qualitative theory of dynamic interactive belief revision-- Alexandru Baltag and Sonja Smets.- 35. Agreeing to disagree-- Robert J. Aumann.- 36. Epistemic conditions for Nash equilibrium-- Robert J. Aumann and Adam Brandenburger.- 37. Knowledge, belief and counterfactual reasoning in games-- Robert Stalnaker.- 38. Substantive rationality and backward induction-- Joseph Y. Halpern.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319204505 20170403
This volume presents 38 classic texts in formal epistemology, and strengthens the ties between research into this area of philosophy and its neighbouring intellectual disciplines. The editors provide introductions to five subsections: Bayesian Epistemology, Belief Change, Decision Theory, Interactive Epistemology and Epistemic Logic. 'Formal epistemology' is a term coined in the late 1990s for a new constellation of interests in philosophy, the origins of which are found in earlier works of epistemologists, philosophers of science and logicians. It addresses a growing agenda of problems concerning knowledge, belief, certainty, rationality, deliberation, decision, strategy, action and agent interaction - and it does so using methods from logic, probability, computability, decision and game theory. The volume also includes a thorough index and suggestions for further reading, and thus offers a complete teaching and research package for students as well as research scholars of formal epistemology, philosophy, logic, computer science, theoretical economics and cognitive psychology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319204505 20170403
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xii, 204 pages ; 21 cm.
  • 1. Background: Intention in context 2. Three aspects of the concept of intention 3. (1) Expressions of intention 4. (2) Intentional action 5. (3) Intention with which 6. The unification of the concept of intention 7. The influence of Intention in the philosophy of action 8. The implications of Intention: moral philosophy, philosophy of psychology & the self.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415821872 20160704
G. E. M. Anscombe's Intention is a classic of twentieth-century philosophy. The work has been enormously influential despite being a dense and largely misunderstood text. It is a standard reference point for anyone engaging with philosophy of action and philosophy of psychology. In this Routledge Philosophy GuideBook, Rachael Wiseman: * situates Intention in relation to Anscombe's moral philosophy and philosophy of mind * considers the influence of Aquinas, Aristotle, Frege, and Wittgenstein on the method and content of Intention * adopts a structure for assessing the text that shows how Anscombe unifies the three aspects of the concept of intention * considers the influence and implications of the piece whilst distinguishing it from subsequent work in the philosophy of action Ideal for anyone wanting to understand and gain a perspective on Elizabeth Anscombe's seminal work, this guide is an essential introduction, useful in the study of the philosophy of action, ethics, philosophy of psychology and related areas.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415821872 20160704
Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xii, 580 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors ix Part I Biography and New Work 1 1 Intellectual Biography of David Lewis (1941 2001): Early Influences 3 Stephanie R. Lewis 2 Counterparts of States of Affairs 15 David Lewis 3 Reply to Dana Scott, Is There Life on Possible Worlds? 18 David Lewis Part II Methodology and Context 23 4 Lewis s Philosophical Method 25 Daniel Nolan 5 On Metaphysical Analysis 40 David Braddon-Mitchell and Kristie Miller 6 A Lewisian History of Philosophy 60 Robert Pasnau 7 David Lewis s Place in Analytic Philosophy 80 Scott Soames Part III Metaphysics and Science 99 8 Humean Supervenience 101 Brian Weatherson 9 No Work for a Theory of Universals 116 M. Eddon and C.J.G. Meacham 10 Hume s Dictum and Metaphysical Modality: Lewis s Combinatorialism 138 Jessica Wilson 11 Truthmaking: With and Without Counterpart Theory 159 Phillip Bricker 12 How to Be Humean 188 Jenann Ismael 13 Where (in Logical Space) Is God? 206 Stephanie R. Lewis 14 De Re Modality, Essentialism, and Lewis s Humeanism 220 Helen Beebee and Fraser MacBride 15 David Lewis on Persistence 237 Katherine Hawley 16 Perfectly Understood, Unproblematic, and Certain : Lewis on Mereology 250 Karen Bennett 17 Humean Reductionism about Laws of Nature 262 Ned Hall 18 Why Lewisians Should Love Deterministic Chance 278 Rachael Briggs 19 Lewis on Causation 295 Christopher Hitchcock Part IV Language and Logic 313 20 David Lewis on Convention 315 Ernie Lepore and Matthew Stone 21 Asking What a Meaning Does: David Lewis s Contributions to Semantics 328 Barbara H. Partee 22 Accommodation in a Language Game 345 Craige Roberts 23 Lewis on Reference and Eligibility 367 J.R.G. Williams 24 On the Nature of Certain Philosophical Entities: Set Theoretic Constructionalism in the Metaphysics of David Lewis 382 Gideon Rosen 25 Primitive Self-Ascription: Lewis on the De Se 399 Richard Holton 26 Counterfactuals and Humean Reduction 411 Robert Stalnaker 27 On the Plurality of Lewis s Triviality Results 425 Alan Hajek 28 Decision Theory after Lewis 446 John Collins 29 Lewis on Mereology and Set Theory 459 John P. Burgess Part V Epistemology and Mind 471 30 Lewis on Knowledge Ascriptions 473 Jonathan Schaffer 31 Humility and Coexistence in Kant and Lewis: Two Modal Themes, with Variations 491 Rae Langton 32 Analytic Functionalism 504 Wolfgang Schwarz 33 Lewis on Materialism and Experience 519 Daniel Stoljar Part VI Ethics and Politics 533 34 Lewis on Value and Valuing 535 Peter Railton 35 David Lewis s Social and Political Philosophy 549 Simon Keller Bibliography of the Work of David Lewis 562 Index 572.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118388181 20160618
In A Companion to David Lewis, Barry Loewer and Jonathan Schaffer bring together top philosophers to explain, discuss, and critically extend Lewis's seminal work in original ways. Students and scholars will discover the underlying themes and complex interconnections woven through the diverse range of his work in metaphysics, philosophy of language, logic, epistemology, philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, ethics, and aesthetics. * The first and only comprehensive study of the work of David Lewis, one of the most systematic and influential philosophers of the latter half of the 20th century * Contributions shed light on the underlying themes and complex interconnections woven through Lewis's work across his enormous range of influence, including metaphysics, language, logic, epistemology, science, mind, ethics, and aesthetics * Outstanding Lewis scholars and leading philosophers working in the fields Lewis influenced explain, discuss, and critically extend Lewis's work in original ways * An essential resource for students and researchers across analytic philosophy that covers the major themes of Lewis's work.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118388181 20160618
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner)
xx, 519 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Notes on Contributors ix Acknowledgments xiii Chronology of Kierkegaard's Works xiv List of Abbreviations xviii Editor's Introduction: Kierkegaard and the Rich Field of Kierkegaard Studies 1 Part I Philosophy 19 A. Sources 21 1 A Shimmering Socrates: Philosophy and Poetry in Kierkegaard's Platonic Authorship 23 Jacob Howland 2 Kierkegaard's Use of German Philosophy: Leibniz to Fichte 36 Roe Fremstedal 3 Kierkegaard's View of Hegel, His Followers and Critics 50 Jon Stewart 4 Kierkegaard's Relations to Danish Philosophy of the Golden Age 66 Carl Henrik Koch B. Reception 81 5 Kierkegaard and Existentialism: From Anxiety to Autonomy 83 K. Brian Soderquist 6 Postmodernism and Deconstruction: Paradox, Sacrifice, and the Future of Writing 96 Marius Timmann Mjaaland C. Concepts and Contributions 111 7 Kierkegaard's Views on Normative Ethics, Moral Agency, and Metaethics 113 Roe Fremstedal 8 Kierkegaard's Skepticism 126 Dario Gonzalez Part II Theology and Religious Studies 139 A. Sources 141 9 Kierkegaard and Biblical Studies: A Critical Response to Nineteenth ]Century Hermeneutics 143 Lee C. Barrett 10 Grace and Rigor in Kierkegaard's Reception of the Church Fathers 155 Jack Mulder, Jr. 11 Kierkegaard's Mystical and Spiritual Sources: Meister Eckhart to Tersteegen 167 Peter Sajda 12 Kierkegaard's Appropriation and Critique of Luther and Lutheranism 180 Lee C. Barrett 13 Shapers of Kierkegaard's Danish Church: Mynster, Grundtvig, Martensen 193 Curtis L. Thompson B. Reception 207 14 From Barth to Tillich: Kierkegaard and the Dialectical Theologians 209 Heiko Schulz 15 Other Lutheran Theologians Responding Contextually to Kierkegaard 223 Curtis L. Thompson 16 Catholicism: Finding Inspiration and Provocation in Kierkegaard 237 Christopher B. Barnett and Peter Sajda C. Concepts and Contributions 251 17 Kierkegaard as Existentialist Dogmatician: Kierkegaard on Systematic Theology, Doctrine, and Dogmatics 253 David R. Law 18 Biblical Variations: Kierkegaard's Rewritten "Life of Jesus" 269 Iben Damgaard 19 Rethinking Religion Existentially: New Approaches to Classical Problems of Religious Philosophy in Kierkegaard 281 Istvan Czako Part III Aesthetics, the Arts, and Literary Theory 295 A. Sources 297 20 Kierkegaard's Use of German Literature 299 Joachim Grage 21 Kierkegaard and the Aesthetics of the Danish Golden Age 311 Nathaniel Kramer B. Reception 325 22 Literature and (Anti ])Humanism 327 Poul Houe 23 Kierkegaard's Influence on Literary Criticism and Theory: Irony, Repetition, Silence 341 J.D. Mininger C. Concepts and Contributions 353 24 Existence and the Aesthetic Forms 355 Dario Gonzalez 25 Kierkegaard's Theatrical Aesthetic from Repetition to Imitation 367 Timothy Stock Part IV Social Sciences and Politics 381 A. Sources 383 26 Politics, Society, and Theology in Golden Age Denmark: Key Themes and Figures 385 Stephen Backhouse 27 Reflections on Late Modernity: Kierkegaard in the "Present Age" 399 Daniel Conway B. Reception 413 28 Between Anthropology, Sociology, and Psychology: The Insider/Outsider Self 415 Simon D. Podmore 29 Kierkegaard's Social ]Political Posterity: A Still Unnavigated Maze 435 Leo Stan C. Concepts and Contributions 451 30 Kierkegaard's Conception of Psychology: How to Understand It and Why It Still Matters 453 Rene Rosfort 31 Kierkegaard and the Limits of Philosophical Anthropology 468 Jamie Turnbull 32 Prolegomena for Thinking of Kierkegaard as a Social and Political Philosopher 480 J. Michael Tilley 33 Making Kierkegaard Relevant to Education Today 490 Timothy Hall Index 502.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118783818 20160619
Jon Stewart, one of the world s leading experts on the work of Soren Kierkegaard, has here compiled the most comprehensive single-volume overview of Kierkegaard studies currently available. * Includes contributions from an international array of Kierkegaard scholars from across the disciplines * Covers all of the major disciplines within the broad field of Kierkegaard research, including philosophy; theology and religious studies; aesthetics, the arts and literary theory; and social sciences and politics * Elucidates Kierkegaard s contribution to each of these areas through examining the sources he drew upon, charting the reception of his ideas, and analyzing his unique conceptual insights into each topic * Demystifies the complex field of Kierkegaard studies creating an accessible entry-point into his thought and writings for readers new to his work.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118783818 20160619
Philosophy Library (Tanner)