This work examines the role of China's top administrative elites during and after the post-Mao administrative reforms, and determines to what extent the changes and their impact on the policy-making have brought about better economic policies and development. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This text analyzes China's bureaucratic behaviour since the inauguration of administrative reform in the late-1970s. Although bureaucratic behaviour in China in the past decade was increasingly corrupted, this aspect of China's post-Mao reform has not been subjected to rigorous scrutiny. This book explores the gulf between desired and the actual bureaucratic behaviour among China's public administrators. The author argues that this behavioural gap in China's modernization stems from several factors including the nation's cultural heritage, the ruling party's approach to government, and the absence of trusted, fully-fledged academic groups assigned to advise on administrative reform. The book then probes one of the gravest consequences of the behavioural gap: "reform corruption", a phenomenon which seems to be a mixed blessing of modernization. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Introduction: the superpower's dilemma: to appease, repress, or transform transnational advocacy networks?
1 Mechanisms of persuasion: when and how are advocacy campaigns effective?
2 The power of state preferences: the 'natural cases' of the campaigns for Falun Gong and IPR protection
3 Reading the 'lay of the land': intercessory advocacy and causal process in the HIV/ AIDS treatment and death penalty abolitionist campaigns
4 State- directed advocacy: the 'drift' phenomenon in the 'free Tibet' and global warming campaigns
5 Strategic considerations, tough choices: how state preferences influence campaign forms Conclusion: state power as reality References
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What does China's rise mean for transnational civil society? What happens when global activist networks engage a powerful and norm-resistant new hegemon? This book combines detailed ethnographic research with cross-case comparisons to identify key factors underpinning variation in the results and processes of advocacy on a range of issues affecting both China and the world, including global warming, intellectual property rights, HIV/AIDS treatment, the use of capital punishment, suppression of the Falun Gong religious movement, and Tibetan independence. Built on a unique blend of comparative and international theory, it advances the notion of "advocacy drift"-a process whereby the objectives and principled beliefs of activists are transformed through interaction with the Chinese state. The book offers a timely reassessment of transnational civil society, including its power to persuade and to leverage the policies of national governments. -- . (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 2010.
Book — x, 220 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
The evolution of the private sector in China
Political embeddedness among China's capitalists
The level and sources of capitalists' democratic support
Regime support among China's capitalists
Political activities of private entrepreneurs in China.
Jie Chen and Bruce Dickson draw on extensive fieldwork as they explore the extent to which China's private sector supports democracy, surveying more than 2,000 entrepreneurs in five coastal provinces with over 70 per cent of China's private enterprises. The authors examine who the private entrepreneurs are, how the party-state shapes this group, and what their relationship to the state is. China's entrepreneurs are closely tied to the state through political and financial relationships, and these ties shape their views toward democracy. While most entrepreneurs favor multi-candidate elections under the current one-party system, they do not support a system characterized by multi-party competition and political liberties, including the right to demonstrate. The key to regime support lies in the capitalists' political beliefs and their assessment of the government's policy performance. China's capitalists tend to be conservative and status-quo oriented, not likely to serve as agents of democratization. This is a valuable contribution not only to the debates over the prospects for democracy in China but also to understanding the process of democratization around the globe. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Culture, Economy, and the Roots of Civil Change-- Legacies-- The Limits to Authority-- Business and the Limits to Civil Association-- Religion: Local Associations and Split Market Cultures-- Forms of Associations and Social Action-- Alternate Civilities and Political Change.
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An anthropologists answer to the argument that Chinas cultural tradition renders it incapable of achieving an open political system, drawing on the example of the role of business organizations, religious groups and womens networks in the democratization of Taiwan.. Alternate Civilities is an anthropologists answer to the argument that Chinas cultural tradition renders it incapable of achieving an open political system. Robert P. Weller draws on his knowledge of both China and Taiwan to show how such sweeping claims fail to take account of potential democratic stimuli among local-level associations such as business organizations, religious groups, environmental movements, and womens networks. These groups were pivotal in Taiwans democratic transition, and they are thriving in the new free space that has opened up in China. They do not promise a clone of Western civil society, but they do show the possibility of an alternate civility }Some Asian political leaders and Western academics have recently claimed that China is unlikely to produce an open political system. This claim rests on the idea that Confucian culture provides an alternative to Western civil values, and that China lacked the democratic traditions and even the horizontal institutions of trust that could build a civil society. An opposed school of thought is far more optimistic about democracy, because it sees market economies of the kind China has begun to foster as pushing inexorably against authoritarian political control and reproducing Western patterns of change. Alternate Civilities argues for a different set of political possibilities. By comparing China with Taiwans new and vibrant democracy, it shows how democracy can grow out of Chinese cultural roots and authoritarian institutions. The business organizations, religious groups, environmental movements, and womens networks it examines do not simply reproduce Western values and institutions. These cases point to the possibility of an alternate civility, neither the stubborn remnant of an ancient authoritarian culture, nor a reflex of market economics. They are instead the active creation of new solutions to the problems of modern life. }. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
First edition. - New York, NY : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
Book — vi, 396 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Table of Contents List of illustrations Introduction: The United States, China, and Global Order-- G. John Ikenberry PART I: SOVEREIGNTY AND THE STATE SYSTEM
1. Sovereignty American Style: Protecting Apple Pie, Fixing Foreign Recipes-- Jeffrey W. Legro
2. From Tianxia to Westphalia: The Evolving Chinese Conception of Sovereignty and World Order-- Fei-Ling Wang PART II: COLLECTIVE SECURITY AND THE UNITED NATIONS
3. The United States, the United Nations, and Collective Security: Exploring the Deep Sources of American Conduct-- Stewart Patrick
4. China's Evolving Attitudes and Approaches Towards UN Collective Security-- Jianwei Wang PART III: GLOBAL ECONOMIC GOVERNANCE
5. Is There an Exceptional American Approach to Global Economic Governance?-- Daniel W. Drezner
6. China's Approach to Economic Diplomacy-- Yang YAO PART IV: TRADE AND RESOURCES
7. Still the Liberal Leader? Domestic Legacies, International Realities, and the Role of the United States in the World Economy-- Michael Mastanduno
8. China as a Listian Trading State: Interest, Power, and Economic Ideology-- Weixing Hu PART V: GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT
9. A Green Giant? Inconsistency and American Environmental Diplomacy-- Joshua Busby
10. China and International Cooperation on the Environment: Historical and Intellectual Roots of Chinese Thinking about the Environment-- Ming WAN PART VI: ALLIANCES AND ARMS CONTROL
11. The American Way of Seeking Security Ideology and Pargmatism-- John Owen
12. In Search of Security and Self-identity: Promise and Paradox of China's Nuclear Weapons-- Yu Bin Conclusion-- Wang Jisi and Zhu Feng.
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This book brings together twelve scholars--six Americans and six Chinese--to explore the ways America and China think about international order. What are the traditions, historical experiences, and ideologies that each country brings to debates about how the rules and institutions of the global system should be organized? The book addresses this question by pairing American and Chinese scholars in each chapter on specific topics related to global order: sovereignty, collective security, resources and the environment, trade, alliances, and monetary and financial relations. The book offers a vivid portrait of how the two countries come to global affairs from richly diverse and divergent starting points, and, in turn, how these factors affect current global dialogues. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Washington, D.C. : Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, c2011.
Book — xiv, 673 p. ; 24 cm.
The emergence of the People's Republic of China on the world scene constitutes the most significant event in world politics since the end of World War II. As the world's predominant political, economic, and military power, the United States faces a particularly significant challenge in responding to China's rising power and influence, especially in Asia. Offering a fresh perspective on current and future U.S. policy toward China, Michael Swaine examines the basic interests and beliefs behind U.S.-China relations, recent U.S. and Chinese policy practices in seven key areas, and future trends most likely to affect U.S. policy. American leaders, he concludes, must reexamine certain basic assumptions and approaches regarding America's position in the Western Pacific, integrate China policy more effectively into a broader Asian strategy, and recalibrate the U.S. balance between cooperative engagement and deterrence toward Beijing. (source: Nielsen Book Data)