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Book
xviii, 910 pages ; 24 cm
  • Chapter 1 The First Aeronautical Engineers Chapter 2 Fundamental Thoughts Chapter 3 The Standard Atmosphere Chapter 4 Basic Aerodynamics Chapter 5 Airfoils, Wings, and Other Aerodynamics Shapes Chapter 6 Elements of Airplane Performance Chapter 7 Principles of Stability and Control Chapter 8 Space Flight (Astronautics) Chapter 9 Propulsion Chapter 10 Hypersonic Vehicles Appendix A Standard Atmosphere, SI Units Appendix B Standard Atmosphere, English Engineering Units Appendix C Symbols and Conversion Factors Appendix D Airfoil Data Answer Key Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780078027673 20160618
Noted for its highly readable style, the new edition of this bestseller provides an updated overview of aeronautical and aerospace engineering. Introduction to Flight blends history and biography with discussion of engineering concepts, and shows the development of flight through this perspective. Anderson covers new developments in flight, including unmanned aerial vehicles, uninhabited combat aerial vehicles, and applications of CFD in aircraft design. Many new and revised problems have been added in this edition. Chapter learning features help readers follow the text discussion while highlighting key engineering and industry applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780078027673 20160618
Engineering Library (Terman)
AA-100-01
Book
xxxvii, 588 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • ELECTROMAGNETISM: MAGNETIC PHENOMENA ON THE MACROSCOPIC SCALE Magnetic Fields Magnetic Field Magnetic Induction Magnetic Field Calculations References Further Reading Exercises Magnetization and Magnetic Moment Magnetic Moment Magnetic Poles and Amperian Bound Currents Magnetization Magnetic Circuits and the Demagnetizing Field Penetration of Alternating Magnetic Fields into Materials References Further Reading Exercises Magnetic Measurements Induction Methods Force Methods Methods Depending on Changes in Material Properties Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices References Further Reading Exercises Magnetic Materials Classification of Magnetic Materials Magnetic Properties of Ferromagnets Different Types of Ferromagnetic Materials for Applications Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism References Further Reading Exercises MAGNETISM IN MATERIALS: MAGNETIC PHENOMENA ON THE MICROSCOPIC SCALE Magnetic Properties Hysteresis and Related Properties Barkhausen Effect and Related Phenomena Magnetostriction Magnetoresistance References Further Reading Exercises Magnetic Domains Development of Domain Theory Energy Considerations and Domain Patterns References Further Reading Exercises Domain Walls Properties of Domain Boundaries Domain-Wall Motion References Further Reading Exercises Domain Processes Reversible and Irreversible Domain Processes Determination of Magnetization Curves from Pinning Models Theory of Ferromagnetic Hysteresis Dynamics of Domain Magnetization Processes References Further Reading Exercises Magnetic Order and Critical Phenomena Theories of Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism Theories of Ordered Magnetism Magnetic Structure References Further Reading Exercises Electronic Magnetic Moments Classical Model of Magnetic Moments of Electrons Quantum Mechanical Model of Magnetic Moments of Electrons Magnetic Properties of Free Atoms References Further Reading Exercises Quantum Theory of Magnetism Electron-Electron Interactions Localized Electron Theory Itinerant Electron Theory References Further Reading Exercises MAGNETICS: TECHNOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS Soft Magnetic Materials Properties and Applications of Soft Magnets Materials for AC Applications Materials for DC Applications Materials for Magnetic Shielding References Further Reading Materials Conferences Hard Magnetic Materials Properties and Applications of Hard Magnets Permanent Magnet Materials References Further Reading Materials Conferences Magnetic Recording History of Magnetic Recording Magnetic Recording Media Recording Heads and the Recording Process Modeling the Magnetic Recording Process References Further Reading Magnetic Evaluation of Materials Methods for Evaluation of Materials Properties Methods for Detection of Flaws and Other Inhomogeneities Magnetic Imaging Methods Sensitivity to Microstructure and Material Treatment References Further Reading Solutions to Exercises.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482238877 20160619
A long overdue update, this edition of Introduction to Magnetism and Magnetic Materials is a complete revision of its predecessor. While it provides relatively minor updates to the first two sections, the third section contains vast updates to reflect the enormous progress made in applications in the past 15 years, particularly in magnetic recording. The book includes significant updates to soft magnetic materials, hard magnetic materials, magnetic data storage, and magnetic evaluation of materials. It also adds new information on magneto-transport, small particles, nanomagnetism, magnetic semiconductors, spintronics, and high-frequency magnetism. See What's New in the Third Edition * New coverage of applications of magnetism and magnetic materials, especially in magnetic recording * Additional exercises with complete worked-out solutions at the end of the book * Updated references at the end of each chapter The book adopts an unusual but effectively focused question-answer framework. Each major head is introduced by a question followed by an attempt to answer. This approach maintains attention to the subject matter at hand and clarifies the objective of each section without needless digression. Each chapter also features updated and new exercise problems, accompanied by a solutions manual at the back of the book. This edition gives you an excellent introduction to the key and current theories, practices, and applications of magnetics and magnetic materials.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482238877 20160619
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
xxvi, 423 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Introduction to Optics Introduction Law of Reflection Law of Refraction Interference Diffraction Polarization Fresnel Equations Thin Film Optics Optical Components Refraction at Curved Interface Paraxial Optics Problems Laser Beams Gaussian Beams The ABCD Law for Gaussian Beams Laser Collimator Vortex Beams Bessel Beams Problems Sources, Detectors, and Recording Media Introduction Radiometric Units Blackbody Light Sources Detectors Recording Media Image Detectors Spatial Light Modulators Problems Interferometry Introduction Early History Generation of Coherent Waves/Sources Fringe Patterns Some More Interferometers Phase Shifting Problems Techniques Holography and Hologram Interferometry Speckle Phenomenon, Speckle Photography, and Speckle Interferometry The Moire Phenomena Photoelasticity Microscopy Problems Measurement of Refractive Index Introduction Spectrometer Goniometer Methods Based on the Measurement of Critical Angle Measurement of Brewster Angle Ellipsometry Spectral Transmission Measurement Interferometry Problems Measurement of Radius of Curvature and Focal Length Introduction Measurement of Radius of Curvature Scanning Profilometry Radius of Curvature Measurement by Talbot Interferometry Measurement of Focal Length Moire Deflectometry Problems Optical Testing Testing of a Flat Surface Testing of Spherical Surfaces Testing of Aspherical Surfaces Oblique Incidence Interferometer Shear Interferometry Long Wavelength Interferometry Problems Angle Measurement Definition of an Angle Autocollimator Goniometer Interferometry Problems Thickness Measurement Triangulation-Based Probe Spectral Reflectometry Ellipsometry Interferometry Low Coherence Interferometry Confocal Microscopy Light Section Microscopy Problems Measurement of Velocity Introduction Scattering from a Moving Particle-Doppler Shift Scatter Light Beams Anemometry Multichannel LDA Systems Signal Processing Particle Image Velocimetry Measurement of Very High Velocity Problems Pressure Measurement Pressure Sensitive Paint Measurement of Pressure with Photoelastic Material Ruby Pressure Standard Fabry-Perot Etalon as Pressure Sensor Problems Fiber Optic- and MEM-Based Measurements Introduction Intensity Modulation Phase Modulation Pressure Sensor: Membrane Type Bragg Grating Sensors Polarization Maintaining Single-Mode Fibers Fiber Optic Biosensors Problems Length Measurement Introduction Measurement of Gauge Blocks and Slip Gauges Gauge Block Interferometry: Comparison with a Standard Comb Generation and Gauge Block Calibration Modulated Frequency-Displacement Sensor Displacement Measurement with Interferometry Angle Interferometer The Moire Technique for Displacement Measurement Displacement Distribution Measurement Moire Techniques Digital Image Correlation Problems.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482236101 20160619
Introduction to Optical Metrology examines the theory and practice of various measurement methodologies utilizing the wave nature of light. The book begins by introducing the subject of optics, and then addresses the propagation of laser beams through free space and optical systems. After explaining how a Gaussian beam propagates, how to set up a collimator to get a collimated beam for experimentation, and how to detect and record optical signals, the text: * Discusses interferometry, speckle metrology, moire phenomenon, photoelasticity, and microscopy * Describes the different principles used to measure the refractive indices of solids, liquids, and gases * Presents methods for measuring curvature, focal length, angle, thickness, velocity, pressure, and length * Details techniques for optical testing as well as for making fiber optic- and MEMS-based measurements * Depicts a wave propagating in the positive z-direction by ei(omegat - kz), as opposed to ei(kz - omegat) Featuring exercise problems at the end of each chapter, Introduction to Optical Metrology provides an applied understanding of essential optical measurement concepts, techniques, and procedures.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482236101 20160619
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
xxi, 636 pages : illustrations (some colors) ; 24 cm
  • The Early History of Spin Spin The Bohr Planetary Model and Space Quantization The Birth of "Spin" The Stern-Gerlach Experiment The Advent of Spintronics Problems References The Quantum Mechanics of Spin Pauli Spinmatrices The Pauli Equation and Spinors More on the Pauli Equation Extending the Pauli Equation - The Dirac Equation The Time Independent Dirac Equation Problems Appendix References The Bloch Sphere The Spinor and the "Qubit" The Bloch Sphere Concept Problems References Evolution of a Spinor on the Bloch Sphere Spin-1/2 Particle in a Constant Magnetic Field: Larmor Precession Preparing to Derive the Rabi Formula The Rabi Formula Problems References The Density Matrix The Density Matrix Concept: Case of a Pure State Properties of the Density Matrix Pure versus Mixed State Concept of the Bloch Ball Time Evolution of the Density Matrix: Case of Mixed State The Relaxation Times T1 and T2 and the Bloch Equations Problems References Spin-Orbit Interaction Microscopic or Intrinsic Spin-Orbit Interaction in an Atom Macroscopic or Extrinsic Spin-Orbit Interaction Problems References Magneto-Electric Subbands in Quantum Confined Structures in the Presence of Spin-Orbit Interaction Dispersion Relations of Spin Resolved Magneto-Electric Subbands and Eigenspinors in a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas in the Presence of Spin-Orbit Interaction Dispersion Relations of Spin Resolved Magneto-Electric Subbands and Eigenspinors in a One-Dimensional Electron Gas in the Presence of Spin-Orbit Interaction Magnetic Field Perpendicular to Wire Axis and the Electric Field Causing Rashba Effect (i.e., along the z-axis) Eigenenergies of Spin Resolved Subbands and Eigenspinors in a Quantum Dot in the Presence of Spin-Orbit Interaction Why Are the Dispersion Relations Important? Problems References Spin Relaxation The Spin-Independent Spin-Orbit Magnetic Field Spin Relaxation Mechanisms Spin Relaxation in a Quantum Dot Problems References Some Spin Phenomena The Spin Hall Effect The Spin Galvanic Effect The Spin Capacitor Effect The Spin Transfer Torque Effect The Spin Hanle Effect The Spin Seebeck Effect The Spin Peltier Effect Problems References Exchange Interaction Identical Particles and the Pauli Exclusion Principle Hartree and Hartree-Fock Approximations The Role of Exchange in Ferromagnetism The Heisenberg Hamiltonian Problems References Spin Transport in Solids The Drift-Diffusion Model The Semiclassical Model Concluding Remarks Problems References Passive Spintronic Devices and Related Concepts Spin Valve Spin Injection Efficiency Hysteresis in Spin Valve Magnetoresistance Giant Magnetoresistance Spin Accumulation Spin Injection across a Ferromagnet/Metal Interface Spin Injection in a Spin Valve Spin Extraction at the Interface between a Ferromagnet and a Semiconductor Problems References Active Devices Based on Spin and Charge Spin-Based Transistors Spin Field Effect Transistors (SPINFET) Analysis of the Two-Dimensional SPINFET Device Performance of SPINFETs Power Dissipation Estimates Other Types of SPINFETs The Importance of the Spin Injection Efficiency Transconductance, Gain, Bandwidth, and Isolation Spin Bipolar Junction Transistors (SBJT) GMR-Based Transistors Concluding Remarks Problems References All-Electric Spintronics with Quantum Point Contacts Quantum Point Contacts A Few Recent Experimental Results with QPCs and QDs Spin Orbit Coupling Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling (RSOC) Lateral Spin-Orbit Coupling (LSOC) Stern-Gerlach Type Spatial Spin Separation in a QPC Structure Detection of Spin Polarization Observation of a 0.5 G0 Conductance Plateau in Asymmetrically Biased QPCs with In-Plane Side Gates Prospect for Generation of Spin Polarized Current at Higher Temperatures Prospect for an All-Electric Spin FET Conclusion Problems References Single Spin Processors Single Spintronics Reading and Writing Single Spin Single Spin Logic Energy Dissipation Issues Comparison between Spin Transistors and Single-Spin-Processors Concluding Remarks Problems References Quantum Computing with Spins The Quantum Inverter Can the NAND Gate Be Switched without Dissipating Energy? Universal Reversible Gate: The Toffoli-Fredkin Gate A-Matrix Quantum Gates Qubits Superposition States Quantum Parallelism Universal Quantum Gates A 2-Qubit "Spintronic" Universal Quantum Gate Conclusion Problems References Nanomagnetic Logic: Computing with Giant Classical Spins Nanomagnetic Logic and Bennett Clocking Why Nanomagnetism? Problems References A Brief Quantum Mechanics Primer Blackbody Radiation and Quantization of Electromagnetic Energy The Concept of the Photon Wave-Particle Duality and the De Broglie Wavelength Postulates of Quantum Mechanics Some Elements of Semiconductor Physics: Particular Applications in Nanostructures The Rayleigh-Ritz Variational Procedure The Transfer Matrix Formalism Peierls' Transformation Problems References.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482255560 20160619
Introduction to Spintronics provides an accessible, organized, and progressive presentation of the quantum mechanical concept of spin and the technology of using it to store, process, and communicate information. Fully updated and expanded to 18 chapters, this Second Edition: * Reflects the explosion of study in spin-related physics, addressing seven important physical phenomena with spintronic device applications * Discusses the recently discovered field of spintronics without magnetism, which allows one to manipulate spin currents by purely electrical means * Explores lateral spin-orbit interaction and its many nuances, as well as the possibility to implement spin polarizers and analyzers using quantum point contacts * Introduces the concept of single-domain-nanomagnet-based computing, an ultra-energy-efficient approach to compute and store information using nanomagnets, offering a practical rendition of single-spin logic architecture ideas and an alternative to transistor-based computing hardware * Features many new drill problems, and includes a solution manual and figure slides with qualifying course adoption Still the only known spintronics textbook written in English, Introduction to Spintronics, Second Edition is a must read for those interested in the science and technology of storing, processing, and communicating information via the spin degree of freedom of electrons.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482255560 20160619
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
1141 pages : illustrations (black and white) ; 26 cm
  • 1. DC circuits-- 2. RC circuits-- 3. Diode circuits-- 4. Transistors I-- 5. Transistors II-- 6. Operational amplifiers I-- 7. Operational amplifiers II: nice positive feedback-- 8. Operational amplifiers III-- 9. Operational amplifiers IV: nasty positive feedback-- 10. Operational amplifiers V: PID motor control loop-- 11. Voltage regulators-- 12. MOSFET switches-- 13. Group audio project-- 14. Logic gates-- 15. Logic compilers, sequential circuits, flip-flops-- 16. Counters-- 17. Memory: state machines-- 18. Analog to digital: phase-locked loop-- 19. Microcontrollers and microprocessors I: processor/controller-- 20. I/O, first assembly language-- 21. Bit operations-- 22. Interrupt: ADC and DAC-- 23. Moving pointers, serial buses-- 24. Dallas Standalone Micro, SiLabs SPI RAM-- 25. Toys in the attic-- Appendices-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521177238 20160619
This introduction to circuit design is unusual in several respects. First, it offers not just explanations, but a full course. Each of the twenty-five sessions begins with a discussion of a particular sort of circuit followed by the chance to try it out and see how it actually behaves. Accordingly, students understand the circuit's operation in a way that is deeper and much more satisfying than the manipulation of formulas. Second, it describes circuits that more traditional engineering introductions would postpone: on the third day, we build a radio receiver; on the fifth day, we build an operational amplifier from an array of transistors. The digital half of the course centers on applying microcontrollers, but gives exposure to Verilog, a powerful Hardware Description Language. Third, it proceeds at a rapid pace but requires no prior knowledge of electronics. Students gain intuitive understanding through immersion in good circuit design.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521177238 20160619
Engineering Library (Terman), Science Library (Li and Ma)
PHYSICS-105-01
Book
xxi, 224 pages : color illustrations ; 23 cm
  • Acknowledgments ix List of Tables and Figures xiii Foreword xix Introduction 1 What is a Maker? And What is Maker-Centered Learning? 4 A Road Map to the Journey Ahead 8 1 Exploring the Benefits of Maker-Centered Learning 15 Learning from Maker Educators and Thought Leaders 17 Identifying the Real Benefits of Maker-Centered Learning 18 Understanding the Primary Outcomes of Maker-Centered Learning: Developing Agency and Building Character 19 Understanding the Secondary Outcomes of Maker-Centered Learning: Cultivating Discipline-Specific and Maker-Specific Knowledge and Skills 35 Recapping the Real Benefits of Maker-Centered Learning 39 2 Teaching and Learning in the Maker-Centered Classroom 43 Maker-Centered Roots and Connections 45 Who (and What) Are the Teachers in the Maker-Centered Classroom? 51 Students as Teachers 51 Teachers in the Community 55 Online Knowledge Sourcing 56 Tools and Materials as Teachers 57 What Does Teaching Look Like in the Maker-Centered Classroom? 59 Facilitating Student Collaboration 60 Encouraging Co-inspiration and Co-critique 63 Redirecting Authority and the Ethics of Knowledge Sharing 70 What Does Learning Look Like in the Maker-Centered Classroom? 73 Figuring It Out 74 What Does the Maker-Centered Classroom Look Like? 77 Tools and Materials 78 Storage and Visibility 80 Specific and Flexible Spaces 83 3 Developing a Sense of Maker Empowerment 85 What Is Agency? 89 Choice, Intention, and Action 89 Scope: Agency and the Complex Web of Interrelated Actions 91 Locus: Participating in Agentic Action 94 Agency and Maker Empowerment 98 Empowerment and Social Justice 101 Empowerment in Education 103 4 Developing a Sensitivity to Design 109 Developing a Sensitivity to Design in a Consumer-Driven World 111 The Hidden Mechanics of Stuff 112 Living in the Throes of a Throwaway Culture 114 What Is a Sensitivity to Design? 116 How Are Students Sensitive (or Not) to Design? 120 Seeing the Designed World as Malleable 122 5 Maker-Centered Teaching and Learning in Action 127 A Framework for Maker Empowerment 128 Looking Closely 130 Exploring Complexity 133 Finding Opportunity 136 Tools and Techniques for Supporting Maker-Centered Thinking and Learning 141 Dispositional Development and Thinking Routines 142 Developing Thinking Routines to Support a Sensitivity to Design 142 Conclusion 155 Maker-Centered Learning: Challenges and Puzzles 157 Considering the Ethical Dimensions of Maker-Centered Learning 158 Equity and Access in the Maker-Centered Classroom 159 Supporting and Sustaining Maker-Centered Practice 162 Looking Ahead: The Future of Maker-Centered Learning 163 Imagine If... 166 Afterword 169 Appendix A: Overview of Interview Participants 173 Appendix B: Thinking Routines 175 Notes 185 References 195 Index 203 About the Authors 223.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119259701 20170313
The Agency by Design guide to implementing maker-centered teaching and learning Maker-Centered Learning provides both a theoretical framework and practical resources for the educators, curriculum developers, librarians, administrators, and parents navigating this burgeoning field. Written by the expert team from the Agency by Design initiative at Harvard's Project Zero, this book * Identifies a set of educational practices and ideas that define maker-centered learning, and introduces the focal concepts of maker empowerment and sensitivity to design. * Shares cutting edge research that provides evidence of the benefits of maker-centered learning for students and education as a whole. * Presents a clear Project Zero-based framework for maker-centered teaching and learning * Includes valuable educator resources that can be applied in a variety of design and maker-centered learning environments * Describes unique thinking routines that foster the primary maker capacities of looking closely, exploring complexity, and finding opportunity. A surge of voices from government, industry, and education have argued that, in order to equip the next generation for life and work in the decades ahead, it is vital to support maker-centered learning in various educational environments. Maker-Centered Learning provides insight into what that means, and offers tools and knowledge that can be applied anywhere that learning takes place.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119259701 20170313
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
xv, 323 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
1 vol. (multiple pagings) : col. ill., col. maps ; 29 cm
  • 1. Earth and Its Atmosphere. 2. Energy: Warming the Earth and the Atmosphere. 3. Seasonal and Daily Temperatures. 4. Atmospheric Humidity. 5. Condensation: Dew, Fog, and Clouds. 6. Stability and Cloud Development. 7. Precipitation. 8. Air Pressure and Winds. 9. Wind: Small-Scale and Local Systems. 10. Wind: Global Systems. 11. Air Masses and Fronts. 12. Middle-Latitude Cyclones. 13. Weather Forecasting. 14. Thunderstorms. 15. Tornadoes. 16. Hurricanes. 17. Earth's Changing Climate. 18. Global Climate. 19. Air Pollution. 20. Light, Color, and Atmospheric Optics.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781305113589 20160618
C. Donald Ahrens and Robert Henson combine expert content in weather, climate, and earth science with the interactive experience you expect from Cengage Learning. Grounded in the scientific method, this reader-friendly and highly visual book shows you how to observe, calculate, and synthesize information as a budding scientist, systematically analyzing meteorological concepts and issues. Specific discussions center on severe weather systems, such as tornadoes, thunderstorms, and hurricanes, as well as everyday elements, such as wind, precipitation, condensation, masses and fronts, and the seasons. Events and issues dominating today's news cycles also receive thorough attention, and include analysis of Superstorm Sandy, the Oklahoma tornadoes, recent findings from the US National Climate Assessment and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and more. Whether you choose a bound book or eBook, Meteorology Today, 11th Edition is a dynamic learning experience packed with end-of-chapter summaries, key terms, review questions, exercises and problems, live animations, web links, and more to carry your learning to atmospheric heights!.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781305113589 20160618
Engineering Library (Terman)
CEE-263C-01, CEE-63-01
Book
x, 125 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm
Joining techniques in engineering are of major importance. Innovations in the field of composites now allows design of nanomaterials with tailored properties. This book addresses techniques for similar and dissimilar joining, characterization of joint structures and damage prediction by simulation. A special focus is laid on welding of lightweight structures, which are of special economic interest for aeronautical and automotive applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783110339604 20160619
Engineering Library (Terman)

70. Network science [2016]

Book
xviii, 456 pages : illustrations (some colour) ; 26 cm
"Networks are everywhere, from the Internet, to social networks, and the genetic networks that determine our biological existence. Illustrated throughout in full colour, this pioneering textbook, spanning a wide range of topics from physics to computer science, engineering, economics and the social sciences, introduces network science to an interdisciplinary audience. From the origins of the six degrees of separation to explaining why networks are robust to random failures, the author explores how viruses like Ebola and H1N1 spread, and why it is that our friends have more friends than we do. Using numerous real-world examples, this innovatively designed text includes clear delineation between undergraduate and graduate level material"--Page [4] of cover.
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
364 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
  • Part I: Amazing time. The entangled enigma ; Einstein's childhood regression ; The leaping now ; Contradictions and paradoxes ; Lightspeed limit, lightspeed loophole ; Imaginary time ; To infinity and beyond
  • Part II: Broken arrow. An arrow of confusion ; Demystifying entropy ; Mystifying entropy ; Time explained ; Our unlikely universe ; The universe erupts ; The end of time ; Throwing entropy under the bus ; Alternative arrows
  • Par III: Spooky physics. A cat both dead and alive ; Tickling the quantum ghost ; Einstein is spooked ; Backward time travel observed
  • Part IV: Physics and reality. Beyond physics ; Cogito ergo sum ; Free will
  • Part V: Now. The 4D Big Bang ; The meaning of now.
You are reading the word "now" right now. But what does that mean? What makes the ephemeral moment "now" so special? Its enigmatic character has bedeviled philosophers, priests, and modern-day physicists from Augustine to Einstein and beyond. Einstein showed that the flow of time is affected by both velocity and gravity, yet he despaired at his failure to explain the meaning of "now." Equally puzzling: why does time flow? Some physicists have given up trying to understand, and call the flow of time an illusion, but the eminent experimentalist physicist Richard A. Muller protests. He says physics should explain reality, not deny it. In Now, Muller does more than poke holes in past ideas; he crafts his own revolutionary theory, one that makes testable predictions. He begins by laying out-with the refreshing clarity that made Physics for Future Presidents so successful-a firm and remarkably clear explanation of the physics building blocks of his theory: relativity, entropy, entanglement, antimatter, and the Big Bang. With the stage then set, he reveals a startling way forward. Muller points out that the standard Big Bang theory explains the ongoing expansion of the universe as the continuous creation of new space. He argues that time is also expanding and that the leading edge of the new time is what we experience as "now." This thought-provoking vision has remarkable implications for some of our biggest questions, not only in physics but also in philosophy-including the ongoing debate about the reality of free will. Moreover, his theory is testable. Muller's monumental work will spark major debate about the most fundamental assumptions of our universe, and may crack one of physics's longest-standing enigmas.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780393285239 20161124
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
xi, 143 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Quantum Mechanics and Summing Up Amplitudes-- Double Slit Experiment-- Infinite Slits Experiments and Path-Correspondence-- Dirac's 1932 Paper on Small Time Amplitudes-- Time-Slicing: From Infinitesimal to Finite Time Intervals-- Re-derivation of the Feynman Path Integrals via the Trotter Formula-- Free-Particle Propagator-- Continuous Paths but Nowhere Differentiable-- Path Integrals for Quadratic Potentials-- WKB in the Operatorial Language-- WKB in the Path-Integral Language-- Introduction to the Formalism of Wigner Functions-- Marinov's Path Integral for Wigner Functions-- Semiclassical Expansion of Marinov's Work-- Path Integrals for Classical Mechanics Objects (Cyclists)-- Corresponding Operatorial Version of Classical Mechanics-- The Work of Koopman and von Neuman--.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789814603935 20171017
  • Quantum Mechanics and Summing Up Amplitudes-- Double Slit Experiment-- Infinite Slits Experiments and Path-Correspondence-- Dirac's 1932 Paper on Small Time Amplitudes-- Time-Slicing: From Infinitesimal to Finite Time Intervals-- Re-derivation of the Feynman Path Integrals via the Trotter Formula-- Free-Particle Propagator-- Continuous Paths but Nowhere Differentiable-- Path Integrals for Quadratic Potentials-- WKB in the Operatorial Language-- WKB in the Path-Integral Language-- Introduction to the Formalism of Wigner Functions-- Marinov's Path Integral for Wigner Functions-- Semiclassical Expansion of Marinov's Work-- The Work of Koopman and von Neumann (KvN) on the Operatorial Version of Classical Mechanics-- Path Integral for Classical Mechanics (CPI) from the KvN Formalism-- Cartan Calculus via the CPI-- Geometric Quantization via the CPI-- Non-Superposition Principle in Classical Mechanics and Degrees of Freedom-- Going Beyond Classical Mechanics--.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789814603928 20171017
This book aims to provide a quick pedagogical introduction to path integrals. It contains original material that never before has appeared in a book, for example the path integrals for the Wigner functions and for Classical Mechanics. This application to Classical Mechanics connects different fields like Hamiltonian mechanics and differential geometry, so the book is suitable for students and researchers from various disciplines.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789814603928 20171017
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
xiv, 342 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
This book presents mathematical methods and tools which are useful for physicists and engineers: response functions, Kramers-Kronig relations, Green's functions, saddle point approximation. The derivations emphasize the underlying physical arguments and interpretations without any loss of rigor. General introductions describe the main features of the methods, while connections and analogies between a priori different problems are discussed. They are completed by detailed applications in many topics including electromagnetism, hydrodynamics, statistical physics, quantum mechanics, etc. Exercises are also proposed, and their solutions are sketched. A self-contained reading of the book is favored by avoiding too technical derivations, and by providing a short presentation of important tools in the appendices. It is addressed to undergraduate and graduate students in physics, but it can also be used by teachers, researchers and engineers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789814713245 20171030
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
xxiii, 360 pages, [2] pages of plates : illustrations (black and white, and color) ; 24 cm
  • History and Background Introduction History Physical Optics Terms in Adaptive Optics Questions and Problems References Sources of Aberrations Atmospheric Turbulence Thermal Blooming Nonatmospheric Sources Questions and Problems References Adaptive Optics Compensation Phase Conjugation Limitations of Phase Conjugation Artificial Guide Stars Lasers for Guide Stars Combining the Limitations Linear Analysis Partial Phase Conjugation Questions and Problems References Adaptive Optics Applications and Systems Adaptive Optics Imaging Systems Beam Propagation Systems Unconventional Adaptive Optics System Engineering Questions and Problems References Wavefront Sensing Directly Measuring Phase Direct Wavefront Sensing-Modal Direct Wavefront Sensing-Zonal Indirect Wavefront Sensing Methods Wavefront Sampling Detectors and Noise Questions and Problems References Wavefront Correction Modal Tilt Correction Modal Higher-Order Correction Segmented Mirrors Deformable Mirrors Bimorph and Unimorph Corrector Mirrors Membrane and Micromachined Mirrors Edge Actuated Mirrors Large Correcting Optics Special Correction Devices Questions and Problems References Reconstruction and Controls Introduction Single-Channel Linear Control Multivariate Adaptive Optics Controls Wavefront Reconstruction Beyond Linear Control Practical Implementation of Control Algorithms Applications to Postprocessing Questions and Problems References Summary of Important Equations Atmospheric Turbulence Wavefront Expressions Atmospheric Turbulence Amplitude Expressions Adaptive Optics Compensation Expressions Laser Guide Star Expressions.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482252330 20160619
Principles of Adaptive Optics describes the foundations, principles, and applications of adaptive optics (AO) and its enabling technologies. Addressing the fundamentals of AO at the core of new uses in biomedical imaging, communications, high-energy lasers, and astronomy, this fully revised and significantly expanded Fourth Edition: * Contains all-new problem sets at the end of each chapter * Incorporates cutting-edge research, with hundreds of new citations * Adds a new section on the practical implications of control algorithms * Includes a practical roadmap for developing a viable stable multichannel control system * Presents new practical calibration techniques and new information on phase diversity for wavefront sensing * Updates coverage of AO systems-e.g., confocal AO scanning ophthalmoscopes and National Ignition Facility (NIF) beam path AO * Features fresh material on multiconjugate adaptive optics, extra-solar planet detection, optical coherence tomography, pyramid wavefront sensors, micromachined deformable mirrors, and more Principles of Adaptive Optics, Fourth Edition provides a complete update of the most definitive text for the field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482252330 20160619
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
400 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Engineering Library (Terman)
CEE-101D-01, CEE-201D-01
Book
xii, 196 pages : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm.
  • 1. Mind over Matter, 2. Field Guide to Megaproject Interpretation, Part I: Time in Suspension, 3. Past as Prologue, 4. Engineering between the Fault Lines, Part II: A Race Against Time, 5. Shockwaves by Design, 6. Ground Motions when Pedalling for a Pathway and Train Tracks, Part III: Hurry Up and Wait...and Wait, 7. Freefalling to Vertigo, 8. Back to the Future: the 'Big One' of Skyrocketing Costs, 9. Aftershock: Hubris and Shadowboxing with Nature.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415736589 20160619
On 17 October 1989 one the largest earthquakes to occur in California since the San Francisco earthquake of April 1906 struck Northern California. Damage was extensive, none more so than the partial collapse of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge's eastern span, a vital link used by hundreds of thousands of Californians every day. The bridge was closed for a month for repairs and then reopened to traffic. But what ensued over the next 25 years is the extraordinary story that Karen Trapenberg Frick tells here. It is a cautionary tale to which any governing authority embarking on a megaproject should pay heed. She describes the process by which the bridge was eventually replaced as an exercise in shadowboxing which pitted the combined talents and shortcomings, partnerships and jealousies, ingenuity and obtuseness, generosity and parsimony of the State's and the region's leading elected officials, engineers, architects and other members of the governing elites against a collectively imagined future catastrophe of unknown proportions. In so doing she highlights three key questions: If safety was the reason to replace the bridge, why did it take almost 25 years to do so? How did an original estimate of $250 million in 1995 soar to $6.5 billion by 2014? And why was such a complex design chosen? Her final chapter - part epilogue, part reflection - provides recommendations to improve megaproject delivery and design.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415736589 20160619
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
xiii, 338 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm
In the 1940s and 50s, when the newly minted Jet Propulsion Laboratory needed quick-thinking mathematicians to calculate velocities and plot trajectories, they didn't turn to male graduates. Rather, they recruited an elite group of young women who, with only pencil, paper, and mathematical prowess, transformed rocket design, helped bring about the first American satellites, and made the exploration of the solar system possible. For the first time, Rise of the Rocket Girls tells the stories of these women--known as "human computers"--who broke the boundaries of both gender and science. Based on extensive research and interviews with all the living members of the team, Rise of the Rocket Girls offers a unique perspective on the role of women in science: both where we've been, and the far reaches of space to which we're heading.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780316338929 20160619
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
1 volume (various pagings) : color illustrations ; 29 cm
  • Mechanics. Units, physical quantities, and vectors ; Motion along a straight line ; Motion in two or three dimensions ; Newton's laws of motion ; Applying Newton's laws ; Work and kinetic energy ; Potential energy and energy conservation ; Momentum, impulse, and collisions ; Rotation of rigid bodies ; Dynamics of rotational motion ; Equilibrium and elasticity ; Fluid mechanics ; Gravitation ; Periodic motion
  • Waves/acoustics. Mechanical waves ; Sound and hearing
  • Thermodynamics. Temperature and heat ; Thermal properties of matter ; The first law of thermodynamics ; The second law of thermodynamics
  • Electromagnetism. Electric charge and electric field ; Gauss's law ; Electric potential ; Capacitance and dielectrics ; Current, resistance, and electromotive force ; Direct-current circuits ; Magnetic field and magnetic forces ; Sources of magnetic field ; Electromagnetic induction ; Inductance ; Alternating current ; Electromagnetic waves
  • Optics. The nature and propagation of light ; Geometric optics ; Interference ; Diffraction
  • Modern physics. Relativity ; Photons : light waves behaving as particles ; Particles behaving as waves ; Quantum mechanics I : wave functions ; Quantum mechanics II : atomic structure ; Molecules and condensed matter ; Nuclear physics ; Particle physics and cosmology
  • Appendices. A: The international system of units ; B: Useful mathematical relations ; C: The Greek alphabet ; D: Periodic table of the elements ; E: Unit conversion factors ; F: Numerical constants
  • Answers to odd-numbered problems.
Engineering Library (Terman)
Book
xviii, 362 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Urban conditions. More people, more pavement
  • Precipitation and evapotranspiration
  • Emissions, deposition, and accumulation
  • Imperviousness
  • Environmental harms. Urban runoff
  • Nutrients
  • Mercury and other metals
  • Emerging pollutants
  • Thermal pollution
  • Responses in streams and groundwater
  • Ecosystem responses
  • Solutions. Streams and trees: riparian ecosystems
  • Control measures.
As cities grow and climates change, precipitation increases, and with every great storm from record-breaking Boston blizzards to floods in Houston come buckets of stormwater and a deluge of problems. In "Stormwater, " William G. Wilson brings us the first expansive guide to stormwater science and management in urban environments, where rising runoff threatens both human and environmental health. As Wilson shows, rivers of runoff flowing from manmade surfaces such as roads, sidewalks, and industrial sites carry a glut of sediments and pollutants. Unlike soil, pavement does not filter or biodegrade these contaminants. Oil, pesticides, road salts, metals, automobile chemicals, and bacteria all pour into stormwater systems. Often this runoff discharges directly into waterways, uncontrolled and untreated, damaging valuable ecosystems. Detailing the harm that can be caused by this urban runoff, Wilson also outlines methods of control, from restored watersheds to green roofs and rain gardens, and, in so doing, gives hope in the face of an omnipresent threat. Illustrated throughout, "Stormwater" will be an essential resource for urban planners and scientists, policy makers, citizen activists, and environmental educators in the stormy decades to come.".
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780226365008 20161124
Engineering Library (Terman), Marine Biology Library (Miller)
Book
xiv, 461 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
  • 1. Light-- 2. Uncertainty-- 3. Place, time, and motion-- 4. Names, catalogs, and databases-- 5. Optics for astronomy-- 6. Astronomical telescopes-- 7. Matter and light-- 8. Detectors-- 9. Digital images from arrays-- 10. Photometry-- 11. Spectroscopy.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107572560 20170117
The second edition of this popular text provides undergraduates with a quantitative yet accessible introduction to the physical principles underlying the collection and analysis of observational data in contemporary optical and infrared astronomy. The text clearly links recent developments in ground- and space-based telescopes, observatory and instrument design, adaptive optics, and detector technologies to the more modest telescopes and detectors that students may use themselves. Beginning with reviews of the most relevant physical concepts and an introduction to elementary statistics, students are given the firm theoretical foundation they need. New topics, including an expanded treatment of spectroscopy, Gaia, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, and photometry at large redshifts bring the text up to date. Historical development of topics and quotations emphasize that astronomy is both a scientific and a human endeavour, while extensive end-of-chapter exercises facilitate the students' practical learning experience.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107572560 20170117
Engineering Library (Terman)