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Book
x, 346 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (chiefly color) ; 29 cm.
  • Uncertainty in Natural Hazards, Modeling and Decision Support / Karin Riley, Matthew Thompson, Peter Webley, and Kevin D. Hyde
  • Part I: Uncertainty, Communication, and Decision Support. Natural Hazard Modeling and Uncertainty Analysis / Matthew Thompson and Jord J. Warmink
  • Understanding Uncertainty as a Key Interdisciplinary Problem in Earth System Science / Florian Rauser and Gernot Geppert
  • Uncertainty and Probability in Wildfire Management Decision Support / Matthew Thompson, David Calkin, Joe H. Scott, and Michael Hand
  • Role of Uncertainty in Decision Support for Volcanic Ash Cloud Modeling / Peter Webley
  • Part II: Geological Hazards. Building an Uncertainty Modeling Framework for Real-Time VATD / Peter Webley, Abani Patra, Marcus Bursik, E. Bruce Pitman, Jonathan Dehn, Tarung Singh, Puneet Singla, Matthew D. Jones, Reza Madankan, E. Ramona Stefanescu, and Solene Pouget
  • Uncertainties in Estimating Magma Source Parameters from InSAR Observation / Wenyu Gong, Zhong Lu, and Franz Meyer
  • Improving Model Simulations of Volcanic Emission Clouds and Assessing Model Uncertainties / Nina Iren Kristiansen, Delia Arnold, Christian Maurer, Julius Vira, Razvan Rădulescu, Damien Martin, Andreas Stohl, Kerstin Stebel, Mikhail Sofiev, Colin O'Dowd, and Gerhard Wotawa
  • Uncertainty Assessment of Pyroclastic Density Currents at Mount Vesuvius (Italy) Simulated Through the Energy Cone Model / Pablo Tierz, Laura Sandri, Antonio Costa, Roberto Sulpizio, Lucia Zaccarelli, Mauro Antonio Di Vito, and Warner Marzocchi
  • Earthquake Loss Estimation in the Gyeongju Area, Southeastern Korea, Using a Site Classification Map / Su Young Kang and Kwang-Hee Kim
  • Implications of Different Digital Elevation Models and Preprocessing Techniques to Delineate Debris Flow Inundation Hazard Zones in El Salvador / Eric Ross Anderson, Robert E. Griffin, and Daniel E. Irwin
  • Evaluating the Performance of FLO2D for Simulating Past Lahar Events at the Most Active Mexican Volcanoes: Popocatépetl and Volcán de Colima / Lizeth Caballero, Lucia Capra, and Rosario Vázquez
  • Part III: Biophysical and Climatic Hazards. An Uncertainty Analysis of Wildfire Modeling / Karin Riley and Matthew Thompson
  • Fire and Smoke Remote Sensing and Modeling Uncertainties / Charles Ichoku, Luke T. Ellison, Yun Yue, Jun Wang, and Johannes W. Kaiser
  • Uncertainty and Complexity Tradeoffs When Integrating Fire Spread with Hydroecological Projections / Maureen C. Kennedy and Donald McKenzie
  • Uncertainty Quantification and Propagation for Projections of Extremes in Monthly Area Burned Under Climate Change: A Case Study in the Coastal Plain of Georgia, USA / Adam J. Terando, Brian Reich, Krishna Pacifici, Jennifer Costanza, Alexa McKerrow, and Jaime A. Collazo
  • Simulating Vegetation Change, Carbon Cycling, and Fire Over the Western United States Using CMIP5 Climate Projections / D. Bachelet, T. Sheehan, K. Ferschweiler, and J. Abatzoglou
  • Sensitivity of Vegetation Fires to Climate, Vegetation, and Anthropogenic Drivers in the HESFIRE Model: Consequences for Fire Modeling and Projection Uncertainties / Yannick Le Page
  • Uncertainties in Predicting Debris Flow Hazards Following Wildfire / Kevin D. Hyde, Karin Riley, and Cathelijne Stoof
  • Capturing Spatiotemporal Variation in Wildfires for Improving Postwildfire Debris-Flow Hazard Assessments / Jessica R. Haas, Matthew Thompson, Anne Tillery, and Joe H. Scott
  • Uncertainty in Estimation of Debris-Flow Triggering Rainfall: Evaluation and Impact on Identification of Threshold Relationships / E.I. Nikolopoulos, F. Marra, and M. Borga
  • Prospects in Landslide Prediction / Natasha Markuzon, Catherine Slesnick, Erin Leidy, John Regan, Xiang Gao, and Adam Schlosser.
Uncertainties are pervasive in natural hazards, and it is crucial to develop robust and meaningful approaches to characterize and communicate uncertainties to inform modeling efforts. In this monograph we provide a broad, cross-disciplinary overview of issues relating to uncertainties faced in natural hazard and risk assessment. We introduce some basic tenets of uncertainty analysis, discuss issues related to communication and decision support, and offer numerous examples of analyses and modeling approaches that vary by context and scope. Contributors include scientists from across the full breath of the natural hazard scientific community, from those in real-time analysis of natural hazards to those in the research community from academia and government. Key themes and highlights include: * Substantial breadth and depth of analysis in terms of the types of natural hazards addressed, the disciplinary perspectives represented, and the number of studies included * Targeted, application-centered analyses with a focus on development and use of modeling techniques to address various sources of uncertainty * Emphasis on the impacts of climate change on natural hazard processes and outcomes * Recommendations for cross-disciplinary and science transfer across natural hazard sciences This volume will be an excellent resource for those interested in the current work on uncertainty classification/quantification and will document common and emergent research themes to allow all to learn from each other and build a more connected but still diverse and ever growing community of scientists.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119027867 20170220
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xvi, 885 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
234 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 26 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
144 pages : many color maps ; 24 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
240 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 29 cm
  • Preface 6 1 The Age of Mammals 7 Dating Rocks 8 Clocks in Rocks 10 What's in a Name? 11 How Do We Classify Animals? 12 Bones vs Molecules 15 Bones and Teeth 15 2 The Origin and Early Evolution of Mammals 20 Synapsids (Protomammals or Stem Mammals) 20 Mammals in the Age of Dinosaurs 23 Morganucodonts 23 Docodonts 25 Monotremes (Platypus and Echidna) and Their Relatives 27 Multituberculates 30 Triconodonts 31 Theria 34 3 Marsupials: Pouched Mammals 37 Marsupial vs Placental 37 Marsupial Evolution 38 Ameridelphia 39 Australiadelphia 41 4 Placental Mammals (Eutheria) 47 The Interrelationships of Placentals 50 5 Xenarthra: Sloths, Anteaters, and Armadillos 51 Edentate vs Xenarthran 51 Order Cingulata (Armadillos) 53 Order Pilosa (Anteaters and Sloths) 55 6 Afrotheria: Elephants, Hyraxes, Sea Cows, Aardvarks, and Their Relatives 58 Tethytheres and Afrotheres 58 Order Proboscidea (Elephants, Mammoths, Mastodonts, and Their Relatives) 60 Order Sirenia (Manatees and Dugongs, or Sea Cows) 67 Order Embrithopoda (Arsinoitheres) 72 Order Desmostylia (Desmostylians) 73 Order Hyracoidea (Hyraxes) 75 Order Tubulidentata (Aardvarks) 77 Order Macroscelidia (Elephant Shrews) 78 Order Afrosoricida 79 7 Euarchontoglires: Euarchonta Primates, Tree Shrews, and Colugos 80 Archontans 80 Order Scandentia (Tree Shrews) 82 Order Dermoptera (Colugos, or Flying Lemurs) 82 Order Plesiadapiformes (Plesiadapids) 84 Order Primates (Euprimates) 86 8 Euarchontoglires: Glires Rodents and Lagomorphs 94 Chisel Teeth 94 Order Rodentia (Rodents) 95 Order Lagomorpha (Rabbits, Hares, and Pikas) 101 9 Laurasiatheria: Insectivores Order Eulipotyphla and Other Insectivorous Mammals 103 Order Eulipotyphla 103 Extinct Insectivorous Groups 107 10 Laurasiatheria: Chiroptera Bats 112 Bat Origins 114 11 Laurasiatheria: Pholidota Pangolins, or Scaly Anteaters 117 Order Pholidota (Pangolins) 118 Palaeanodonts 120 12 Laurasiatheria: Carnivora and Creodonta Predatory Mammals 122 Carnivores, Carnivorans, and Creodonts 122 Order Creodonta 124 Order Carnivora 127 13 Laurasiatheria: Ungulata Hoofed Mammals and Their Relatives 146 Condylarths 147 14 Laurasiatheria: Artiodactyla Even-Toed Hoofed Mammals: Pigs, Hippos, Whales, Camels, Ruminants, and Their Extinct Relatives 151 Artiodactyl Origins 153 Suoid Artiodactyls 154 Whippomorpha 160 Tylopods 169 Ruminantia 175 15 Laurasiatheria: Perissodactyla Odd-Toed Hoofed Mammals: Horses, Rhinos, Tapirs, and Their Extinct Relatives 186 Equoids 187 Tapiroids 191 Rhinocerotoids 196 Brontotheres, or Titanotheres 199 16 Laurasiatheria: Meridiungulata South American Hoofed Mammals 203 Order Notoungulata (Southern Ungulates) 205 Order Pyrotheria (Fire Beasts) 206 Order Astrapotheria (Lightning Beasts) 207 Order Litopterna (Litopterns, or Smooth Heels) 207 17 Uintatheres, Pantodonts, Taeniodonts, and Tillodonts 209 Order Dinocerata (Uintatheres) 209 Order Pantodonta (Pantodonts) 212 Order Taeniodonta (Taeniodonts) 214 Order Tillodontia (Tillodonts) 216 18 Mammalian Evolution and Extinction 218 Why Were Prehistoric Mammals So Big? 218 Where Have All the Megamammals Gone? 219 How Did Mammals Diversify after the Dinosaurs Vanished? 222 What about Mass Extinctions? 228 The Future of Mammals 229 Illustration Credits 231 Further Reading 232 Index (with Pronunciation Guide for Taxonomic Names) 234.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691156828 20161219
After the mass extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago, mammals became the dominant terrestrial life form on our planet. Roaming the earth were spectacular beasts such as saber-toothed cats, giant mastodonts, immense ground sloths, and gigantic giraffe-like rhinoceroses. Here is the ultimate illustrated field guide to the lost world of these weird and wonderful prehistoric creatures. A woolly mammoth probably won't come thundering through your vegetable garden any time soon. But if one did, this would be the book to keep on your windowsill next to the binoculars. It covers all the main groups of fossil mammals, discussing taxonomy and evolutionary history, and providing concise accounts of the better-known genera and species as well as an up-to-date family tree for each group. No other book presents such a wealth of new information about these animals--what they looked like, how they behaved, and how they were interrelated. In addition, this unique guide is stunningly illustrated throughout with full-color reconstructions of these beasts--many never before depicted--along with photographs of amazing fossils from around the world. * Provides an up-to-date guidebook to hundreds of extinct species, from saber-toothed cats to giant mammoths * Features a wealth of color illustrations, including new reconstructions of many animals never before depicted* Demonstrates evolution in action--such as how whales evolved from hoofed mammals and how giraffes evolved from creatures with short necks* Explains how mass extinctions and climate change affected mammals, including why some mammals grew so huge.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691156828 20161219
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
x, 315 pages, 1 unnumbered sheet of plates : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 26 cm.
  • Quaternary glaciation in the Mediterranean mountains: a new synthesis
  • Pleistocene plateau ice fields in the High Atlas, Morocco
  • Quaternary glacial history of the Cantabrian Mountains of northern Spain: a new synthesis
  • Evidence of glacial activity during the Oldest Dryas in the mountains of Spain
  • Did Pyrenean glaciers dance to the beat of global climatic events? Evidence from the Wurmian sequence stratigraphy of an ice-dammed palaeolake depocentre in Andorra
  • Glacial history of the Maritime Alps from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Little Ice Age
  • Middle Pleistocene glaciations in the Apennines, Italy: new chronological data and preservation of the glacial record
  • Pleistocene glaciation in Mediterranean Slovenia
  • Middle Pleistocene glaciation, alluvial fan development and sea-level changes in the Bay of Kotor, Montenegro
  • Glacial history of Mt Chelmos, Peloponnesus, Greece
  • The significance of tectonism in the glaciations of Greece
  • Synchronous Last Glacial Maximum across the Anatolian peninsula-- Cosmogenic ³⁶Cl geochronology of late Quaternary glaciers in the Bolkar Mountains, south central Turkey
  • Late Quaternary glaciations in the eastern Mediterranean.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xiii, 217 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 26 cm
  • Foreword xi 1 Alpine Glaciers: An Introduction 1 1.1 Glacier Observation Programs 1 1.2 Importance of Mountain Glaciers 3 1.3 Glacier Terminus Response to Climate Change 3 1.3.1 Equilibrium Response 3 1.3.2 Disequilibrium Response 4 1.3.3 Accumulation Zone Changes 4 1.3.4 Terminus Response Factors 4 1.4 Glacier Runoff 5 1.5 Climate Change and Impact of Runoff 5 References 7 2 Glacier Mass Balance 10 Overview 10 References 14 3 Juneau Icefield 16 Overview 16 3.1 Norris Glacier 19 3.2 Lemon Creek Glacier 20 3.3 Mendenhall Glacier 22 3.4 Herbert Glacier 23 3.5 Eagle Glacier 24 3.6 Gilkey Glacier 25 3.7 Antler Glacier 26 3.8 Field Glacier 28 3.9 Llewellyn Glacier 29 3.10 Tulsequah Glacier 30 3.11 Twin Glacier 31 3.12 Taku Glacier 35 References 37 4 Northern Patagonia Icefield region 38 Overview 38 4.1 Reichert Glacier 39 4.2 Gualas Glacier 41 4.3 San Rafael Glacier 43 4.4 San Quintin Glacier 43 4.5 Fraenkel Glacier 45 4.6 Benito Glacier 46 4.7 Acodado Glacier 47 4.8 Steffen Glacier 49 4.9 HPN4 Glacier 49 4.10 Colonia Glacier 51 4.11 Nef Glacier 53 4.12 Leones Glacier 54 4.13 Fiero Glacier 56 4.14 Grosse Glacier 56 4.15 Verde Glacier 57 References 59 5 South Georgia, Kerguelen, and Heard Islands 61 Overview 61 5.1 Twitcher Glacier 62 5.2 Herz Glacier 64 5.3 Weddel Glacier 64 5.4 Bertrab Glacier 65 5.5 Ross Hindle Glacier 66 5.6 Heaney Glacier Cook Glacier 66 5.7 Nordenskjold Glacier 67 5.8 Harker and Hamberg Glaciers 68 5.9 Neumayer Glacier 68 5.10 Konig Glacier 69 5.11 Purvis Glacier 71 5.12 Stephenson Glacier Heard Island 72 5.13 Agassiz Glacier Kerguelen Island 74 5.14 Ampere Glacier 75 5.15 Lapparent Glacier 75 5.16 Lake District 76 References 79 6 Svalbard: Hornsund Fjord region 80 Overview 80 6.1 South Coast of Hornsund 80 6.2 Eastern Hornsund Glacier change 83 6.3 North side of Hornsund 84 6.4 Sorkappland 85 References 87 7 NovayaZemlya 89 Overview 89 7.1 Kropotkina Glacier 89 7.2 Moshniy Glacier 90 7.3 Vilkitskogo Glacier 91 7.4 Krivosheina Glacier 94 7.5 Nizkiy Glacier 95 7.6 Glazova Glacier 95 7.7 Krayniy Glacier 96 7.8 Taisija Glacier 98 7.9 Chernysheva Glacier 98 7.10 Borzova Glacier 99 7.11 Mack and Velkena Glaciers 99 References 100 8 North Cascade Range, Washington USA 101 Overview 101 8.1 Skykomish River Basin 102 8.1.1 Lynch Glacier 102 8.1.2 Hinman Glacier 103 8.1.3 Foss Glacier 105 8.1.4 Columbia Glacier 105 8.1.5 Skykomish Streamflow Impact 107 8.2 Mount Baker and Nooksack River 108 8.2.1 Sholes Glacier 2013 109 8.2.2 Rainbow Glacier 110 8.2.3 Roosevelt Glacier 113 8.2.4 Coleman Glacier 115 8.2.5 Deming Glacier 116 8.2.6 Easton Glacier 119 8.2.7 Boulder Glacier 120 8.3 Glacier Runoff Impact 121 References 126 9 Interior Ranges, British Columbia/Alberta 129 Overview 129 9.1 Yoho Glacier 130 9.2 Des Poilus Glacier 132 9.3 Waputik Icefield Daly Glacier 133 9.4 Cummins Glacier 134 9.5 Apex Glacier 136 9.6 Shackleton Glacier 136 9.7 Columbia Glacier 136 9.8 Freshfield Glacier 139 9.9 Lyell Icefield Mons Icefield 139 9.10 Haworth Glacier 139 9.11 Sir Sandford Glacier 144 9.12 Dismal Glacier 144 9.13 Illecillewaet Icefield 145 9.14 Deville Icefield 146 9.15 Conrad Icefield 147 9.16 Vowell Glacier 149 References 151 10 Himalaya 152 Overview 152 10.1 Middle Lhonak Glacier 154 10.2 South Lhonak Glacier 155 10.3 North Lhonak Glacier 156 10.4 East Langpo Glacier 156 10.5 Changsang Glacier 156 10.6 Zemu Glacier 157 10.7 Kaer Glacier 160 10.8 Longbashaba Glacier 160 10.9 Zhizhai Glacier 161 10.10 Jimi Glacier 161 10.11 Yindapu Glacier 162 10.12 Gelhaipuco Glacier 163 10.13 Qangzonkco Glacier 163 10.14 Nobuk Glacier 165 10.15 Nangama Pokhari 166 10.16 Kanchenjunga Glacier 166 References 169 11 New Zealand 171 Overview 171 11.1 Mueller Glacier 171 11.2 Hooker Glacier 173 11.3 Tasman Glacier 174 11.4 Murchison Glacier 174 11.5 Douglas Neve 176 11.6 La Perouse Glacier 177 11.7 Balfour Glacier 180 11.8 Fox Glacier 181 11.9 Franz Josef Glacier 181 11.10 Classen Glacier 183 11.11 Godley Glacier 184 11.12 Lyell Glacier 184 References 185 12 Alps: Mont Blanc Matterhorn Transect 187 Overview 187 12.1 Mer De Glace 188 12.2 Glacier d Argentiere 190 12.3 Tour de Glacier 191 12.4 Trient Glacier 192 12.5 Saleina Glacier 194 12.6 Bossons Glacier 194 12.7 Taconnaz Glacier 195 12.8 Bionnassay Glacier 195 12.9 Otemma Glacier 196 12.10 Breney Glacier 197 12.11 Gietro Glacier 198 12.12 Corbassiere Glacier 198 12.13 Glacier du Mont Mine 198 12.14 Ferpecle Glacier 200 12.15 Gornergletscher 202 12.16 Findelengletscher 203 12.17 Theodulgletscher 204 12.18 Lex Blanche Glacier 206 12.19 Miage Glacier 208 12.20 Brouillard Glacier 208 12.21 Freney Glacier 208 References 209 13 Alpine Glacier Change Summary 211 References 212 Index 215.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119068112 20170313
Glaciers are considered a key and an iconic indicator of climate change. The World Glacier Monitoring Service has noted that global alpine balance has been negative for 35 consecutive years. This highlights the dire future that alpine glaciers face. The goal of this volume is to tell the story, glacier by glacier, of response to climate change from 1984-2015. Of the 165 glaciers examined in 10 different alpine regions, 162 have retreated significantly. It is evident that the changes are significant, not happening at a "glacial" pace, and are profoundly affecting alpine regions. There is a consistent result that reverberates from mountain range to mountain range, which emphasizes that although regional glacier and climate feedbacks differ, global changes are driving the response. This book considers ten different glaciated regions around the individual glaciers, and offers a different tune to the same chorus of glacier volume loss in the face of climate change.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119068112 20170313
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)

28. River sedimentation [2017]

Book
xxi, 282 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Sediment dynamics in fluvial systems is of high ecological, economic and human-health-related significance worldwide. Appropriate management strategies are needed to limit maintenance costs and minimise potential hazards to the aquatic and adjacent environments. Human intervention, ranging from nutrient / pollutant release to physical modifications, has a large impact on sediment quantity and quality and thus on river morphology as well as ecological functioning. Truly understanding sediment dynamics requires multidisciplinary approaches. During the 13th International Symposium on River Sedimentation (ISRS 2016) at the University of Stuttgart, Germany, scientists and professionals from all over the world presented recent accomplishments in theoretical developments, numerical simulations, laboratory experiments, field investigations and management methodologies addressing the following six topics: - Integrated Sediment Management at River Basin Scale, - Sediment Transport, - River Morphodynamics, - Hydromorphology meets Ecology, - Reservoir Sustainability as well as - Social, Economic and Political Aspects of Sediment Management. Furthermore, presentations were given in five special sessions: SS1 - Hydropower and Sediment Management, SS2 - Navigation and River Morphology, SS3 - Innovative Measurement Techniques, SS4 - SEDITRANS - Sediment Transport in Fluvial, Estuarine and Coastal Environment, SS5 - Sustainable Land Management. This book contains the peer-reviewed scientific contributions of the participants.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138029453 20170206
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xii, 600 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (chiefly color) ; 24 cm
  • 1. Introduction Rajat Mazumder 2. Evolution of Siliciclastic Provenance Inquiries: A Critical Appraisal Abhijit Basu 3. Tracing the source of the bio/siliciclastic beach sands at Rosa Marina (Apulian coast, SE Italy) Tom van Loon 4. Changes in the heavy-mineral spectra on their way from various sources to joint sinks - a case study of Pleistocene sandurs and an ice-marginal valley in NW Poland Tom van Loon 5. Reconstruction of paleohydraulic condition from depositional structures: a critical appraisal Prabir Dasgupta 6. Physico-chemical Characteristics of the Barremian-Aptian Siliciclastic Rocks in the Pondicherry Embryonic Rift Sub-basin, India Subir Sarkar 7. Petrological and geochemical constraints on provenance, paleo-weathering and tectonic setting of clastic sediments from the Neogene Lambir and Sibuti Formations, North West Borneo Ramasamy Nagarajan 8. Where are the Precambrian Tsunami Deposits? Madagascar Chevrons and other Modern Analogues Provide Insights into Identifying Ancient Tsunamigenic Sequences Dallas Abbott 9. The Contourite Problem G. Shanmugam 10. Fluvial Systems, Provenance and Reservoir Development in the Eocene Brennan Basin Member of the Duchesne River Formation, Northern Uinta Basin, Utah Marjorie A. Chan and Takashi Sato 11. Changes in the shape of breccia lenses during sliding from source to sink in the Cambrian epeiric sea of the North China Platform Tom van Loon 12. Provenance of chert rudites and arenites in the northern Canadian Cordillera Darrel Graham Francis Long 13. Late Neoproterozoic to early Mesozoic sedimentary rocks of the Tasmanides, eastern Australia: Provenance switching associated with development of the East Gondwana active margin Chris Fergusson 14. Utility of Detrital Zircons in an Upper Amphibolite Facies Terrane Jeffrey R. Chiarenzelli 15. Detrital zircon (U-Pb SHRIMP and LA-ICPMS) geochronology, Nd isotope mapping and sediment geochemistry from the Singhora Group, central India: Implications towards provenance, its shift and regional stratigraphic correlation Partha Chakraborty and Kaushik Das 16. Deciphering sedimentary provenance, timing of sedimentation and metamorphism from a suite of metapelites from the Chotanagpur Granite Gneiss Complex (CGGC), India: Implications for Proterozoic tectonics in the east-central part of the Indian shield Pulak Sengupta 17. SEM -CL fabric analysis of quartz framework population from the Mesoarchean Keonjhar Quartzite from Singhbhum Craton, eastern India - Implications for the understanding of upper continental crust Joydip Mukhopadhyay 18. Provenance of detrital pyrite in Archaean sedimentary rocks Giuliana Costa and Axel Hofmann 19. Ice ages in Earth history: puzzling palaeolatitudes and regional provenance of ice sheets on an evolving planet Grant Young 20. The Isua supracrustal belt (Greenland): Spotlight on the oldest well-preserved sedimentary systems (~3.7, ~3.75 and ~3.8 Ga) Allen Nutman.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128033869 20170123
Sediment Provenance: Influences on Compositional Change from Source to Sink provides a thorough and inclusive overview that features data-based case studies on a broad range of dynamic aspects in sedimentary rock structure and deposition. Provenance data plays a critical role in a number of aspects of sedimentary rocks, including the assessment of palaeogeographic reconstructions, the constraints of lateral displacements in orogens, the characterization of crust which is no longer exposed, the mapping of depositional systems, sub-surface correlation, and in predicting reservoir quality. The provenance of fine-grained sediments-on a global scale-has been used to monitor crustal evolution, and sediment transport is paramount in considering restoration techniques for both watershed and river restoration. Transport is responsible for erosion, bank undercutting, sandbar formation, aggradation, gullying, and plugging, as well as bed form migration and generation of primary sedimentary structures. Additionally, the quest for reservoir quality in contemporary hydrocarbon exploration and extraction necessitates a deliberate focus on diagenesis. This book addresses all of these challenges and arms geoscientists with an all-in-one reference to sedimentary rocks, from source to deposition.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128033869 20170123
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
ix, 246 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm
  • Preface viii Chapter 1 Basics of seismic inversion 1 1.1 The linear inverse problem 1 1.2 Data, model and mapping 3 1.3 General solutions 4 1.4 Regularisation 5 Chapter 2 Linear systems for inversion 11 2.1 A governing equation and its solution 11 2.2 Seismic scattering 14 2.3 Seismic imaging 16 2.4 Seismic downward continuation 18 2.5 Seismic data processing 20 Chapter 3 Least-squares solutions 23 3.1 Determinant and rank 23 3.2 The inverse of a square matrix 27 3.3 LU decomposition and Cholesky factorisation 28 3.4 Least-squares solutions 34 3.5 Least-squares solution for a nonlinear system 37 3.6 Least-squares solution by QR decomposition 37 Chapter 4 Singular value analysis 41 4.1 Eigenvalues and eigenvectors 41 4.2 Singular value concept 44 4.3 Generalised inverse solution by SVD 46 4.4 SVD applications 48 Chapter 5 Gradient-based methods 53 5.1 The step length 54 5.2 The steepest descent method 55 5.3 Conjugate gradient method 59 5.4 Biconjugate gradient method 61 5.5 The subspace gradient method 64 Chapter 6 Regularisation 67 6.1 Regularisation versus conditional probability 67 6.2 The Lp-norm constraint 70 6.3 The maximum entropy constraint 73 6.4 The Cauchy constraint 76 6.5 Comparison of various regularisations 79 Chapter 7 Localised average solutions 83 7.1 The average solution 84 7.2 The deltaness 85 7.3 The spread criterion 86 7.4 The Backus-Gilbert stable solution 88 Chapter 8 Seismic wavelet estimation 93 8.1 Wavelet extraction from seismic-to-well correlation 94 8.2 Constant-phase wavelet by kurtosis matching 98 8.3 Mixed-phase wavelet by cumulant matching 102 8.4 Generalised seismic wavelets 106 Chapter 9 Seismic reflectivity inversion 111 9.1 The least-squares problem with a Gaussian constraint 111 9.2 Reflectivity inversion with an Lp-norm constraint 113 9.3 Reflectivity inversion with the Cauchy constraint 115 9.4 Multichannel inversion scheme 118 9.5 Multichannel conjugate gradient method 121 Chapter 10 Seismic ray-impedance inversion 125 10.1 Acoustic and elastic impedances 125 10.2 Ray impedance 129 10.3 Workflow of ray-impedance inversion 132 10.4 Ray-impedance inversion with a model constraint 136 Chapter 11 Seismic tomography based on ray theory 137 11.1 Seismic tomography 137 11.2 Velocity-depth ambiguity in tomography 138 11.3 Ray tracing by a path bending method 141 11.4 Geometrical spreading of curved interfaces 144 11.5 Joint inversion of traveltime and amplitude data 147 Chapter 12 Waveform tomography for the velocity model 153 12.1 Inverse theory for seismic waveform tomography 154 12.2 The optimal step length 157 12.3 Strategy for reflection seismic tomography 159 12.4 Multiple attenuation and partial compensation 162 12.5 Waveform tomography 166 Chapter 13 Waveform tomography with irregular topography 169 13.1 Body-fitted grids for finite-difference modelling 169 13.2 Modification of boundary points 172 13.3 Pseudo-orthogonality and smoothness 173 13.4 Wave equation and absorbing boundary condition 176 13.5 Waveform tomography with irregular topography 180 Chapter 14 Waveform tomography for seismic impedance 183 14.1 Wave equation and model parameterisation 185 14.2 The impedance inversion method 187 14.3 Inversion strategies and the inversion flow 188 14.4 Application to field seismic data 193 14.5 Conclusions 196 Appendices 197 A Householder transform for QR decomposition 197 B Singular value decomposition 200 C Iterative methods for solving a linear system 206 D Biconjugate gradient method for complex systems 209 Exercises and solutions 211 References 231 Author index 238 Subject index 240.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119257981 20161213
Seismic inversion aims to reconstruct a quantitative model of the Earth subsurface, by solving an inverse problem based on seismic measurements. There are at least three fundamental issues to be solved simultaneously: non-linearity, non-uniqueness, and instability. This book covers the basic theory and techniques used in seismic inversion, corresponding to these three issues, emphasising the physical interpretation of theoretical concepts and practical solutions. This book is written for master and doctoral students who need to understand the mathematical tools and the engineering aspects of the inverse problem needed to obtain geophysically meaningful solutions. Building on the basic theory of linear inverse problems, the methodologies of seismic inversion are explained in detail, including ray-impedance inversion and waveform tomography etc. The application methodologies are categorised into convolutional and wave-equation based groups. This systematic presentation simplifies the subject and enables an in-depth understanding of seismic inversion. This book also provides a practical guide to reservoir geophysicists who are attempting quantitative reservoir characterisation based on seismic data. Philosophically, the seismic inverse problem allows for a range of possible solutions, but the techniques described herein enable geophysicists to exclude models that cannot satisfy the available data. This book summarises the author s extensive experience in both industry and academia and includes innovative techniques not previously published.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119257981 20161213
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
261 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 26 cm.
  • Active tectonics, earthquakes and palaeoseismicity in slowly deforming continents
  • Seismology and hazard. Challenges in assessing seismic hazard in intraplate Europe
  • The largest expected earthquake magnitudes in Central Asia: statistical inference from an earthquake catalogue with uncertain magnitudes
  • Instrumental magnitude constraints for the 11 July 1889, Chilik earthquake
  • Intraplate seismicity in mid-plate South America: correlations with geophysical lithospheric parameters
  • Groundwater recharge as the trigger of naturally occurring intraplate earthquakes
  • Earthquake geology. Views on the dialectics between seismology and palaeoseismology with examples from southern Scandinavia
  • Active faulting in a populated low-strain setting (Lower Rhine Graben, Central Europe) identified by geomorphic, geophysical and geological analysis
  • Seismic slip on the west flank of the Upper Rhine Graben (France-Germany): evidence from tectonic morphology and cataclastic deformation bands
  • The Cadell Fault, southeastern Australia: a record of temporally clustered morphogenic seismicity in a low-strain intraplate region
  • The Egiin Davaa prehistoric rupture, central Mongolia: a large magnitude normal faulting earthquake on a reactivated fault with little cumulative slip located in a slowly deforming intraplate setting
  • Seismites as indicators for Holocene seismicity in the northeastern Ejina Basin, Inner Mongolia
  • Surface rupture of the 1911 Kebin (Chon-Kemin) earthquake, Northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xxiii, 422 pages : illustrations (some color), color maps ; 24 cm
Sensitivity Analysis in Earth Observation Modeling highlights the state-of-the-art in ongoing research investigations and new applications of sensitivity analysis in earth observation modeling. In this framework, original works concerned with the development or exploitation of diverse methods applied to different types of earth observation data or earth observation-based modeling approaches are included. An overview of sensitivity analysis methods and principles is provided first, followed by examples of applications and case studies of different sensitivity/uncertainty analysis implementation methods, covering the full spectrum of sensitivity analysis techniques, including operational products. Finally, the book outlines challenges and future prospects for implementation in earth observation modeling. Information provided in this book is of practical value to readers looking to understand the principles of sensitivity analysis in earth observation modeling, the level of scientific maturity in the field, and where the main limitations or challenges are in terms of improving our ability to implement such approaches in a wide range of applications. Readers will also be informed on the implementation of sensitivity/uncertainty analysis on operational products available at present, on global and continental scales. All of this information is vital in the selection process of the most appropriate sensitivity analysis method to implement. * Outlines challenges and future prospects of sensitivity analysis implementation in earth observation modeling* Provides readers with a roadmap for directing future efforts* Includes case studies with applications from different regions around the globe, helping readers to explore strengths and weaknesses of the different methods in earth observation modeling* Presents a step-by-step guide, providing the principles of each method followed by the application of variants, making the reference easy to use and follow.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128030110 20161219
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xi, 414 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
  • Part I: Shale Gas 1. Shale Gas-Introduction, Basics, and Definitions 2. Characteristics of Shale Gas 3. Exploration and Drilling in Gas and Shale Oil 4. Shale Gas Production: Techniques and Governing Equations 5. Shale Gas Processing Part II: Shale Oil 6. Shale Oil: Fundamentals, Definitions, and Applications 7. Properties of Shale Oil 8. EOR Methods in Shale Oil Reservoirs 9. Shale Oil Processing and Extraction Technologies 10. Shale Oil and Gas: Current Status, Future, and Challenges.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128021002 20170117
Shale Oil and Gas Handbook: Theory, Technologies, and Challenges provides users with information on how shale oil and gas exploration has revolutionized today's energy industry. As activity has boomed and job growth continues to increase, training in this area for new and experienced engineers is essential. This book provides comprehensive information on both the engineering design and research aspects of this emerging industry. Covering the full spectrum of basic definitions, characteristics, drilling techniques, and processing and extraction technologies, the book is a great starting point to educate oil and gas personnel on today's shale industry. Critical topics covered include characterization of shale gas, theory and methods, typical costs, and obstacles for exploration and drilling, R&D and technology development in shale production, EOR methods in shale oil reservoirs, and the current status and impending challenges for shale oil and gas, including the inevitable future prospects relating to worldwide development.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128021002 20170117
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xx, 445 pages : illustrations (some color), color maps ; 24 cm
  • Chapter 1. Magnetism of materials occurring in the environment-Basic overview Chapter 2. Magnetism of soils with a pronounced accumulation of organic matter in the mineral topsoil: Chernozems and Phaeozems Chapter 3. Magnetism of soils with clay-enriched subsoil: Luvisols, Alisols, and Acrisols Chapter 4. The magnetism of soils distinguished by iron/aluminum chemistry: Planosols, Pozdols, Andosols, Ferralsols, and Gleysols Chapter 5. Magnetism of soils with limitations to root growth: Vertisols, Solonetz, Solonchaks, and Leptosols Chapter 6. The magnetism of soils with little or no profile differentiation: Soils from mountain areas (Cambisols, Umbrisols) and floodplains (Fluvisols) Chapter 7. Magnetism of soils from the Antarctic Peninsula Chapter 8. The discriminating power of soil magnetism for the characterization of different soil types Chapter 9. The mapping of topsoil magnetic properties: A magnetic database for Bulgaria-statistical data analysis and the significance for soil studies Chapter 10. Applications of soil magnetism Future challenges in soil magnetism studies.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128092392 20170327
Soil Magnetism: Applications in Pedology, Environmental Science and Agriculture provides a systematic, comparative, and detailed overview of the magnetic characterization of the major soil units and the observed general relationships, possibilities, and perspectives in application of rock magnetic methods in soil science, agriculture, and beyond. Part I covers detailed magnetic and geochemical characterization of major soil types according to the FAO classification system, with Part II covering the mapping of topsoil magnetic signatures on the basis of soil magnetic characteristics. The book concludes with practical examples on the application of magnetic methods in environmental science, agriculture, soil pollution, and paleoclimate.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128092392 20170327
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xxii, 257 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
  • Preface Acknowledgments Author Introduction Strategic Planning The Formula for Success Challenges, Barriers, and Pitfalls Developing a Vision, Goals, and Objectives Governance GIS Training, Education, and Knowledge Transfer Return on Investment How to Sell GIS to Local Government? Conclusions Strategic Planning A Proposed Outline for the Scope of Work Phase I: Needs Assessment Step 1: Online Questionnaire Step 2: Kick-Off Meeting and Technology Workshop Step 3: Departmental Interviews Step 4: Present the Findings of the GIS Needs Assessment Phase II: Conceptual Alternative System Design Step 5: Developing the CSD Phase III: Final Implementation Plan Step 6: Business Plan Step 7: Final Implementation Plan and Presentation (Plan of Action) The Formula for Success Different Perspectives on GIS A Layman's Discussion of Campbell and Masser's Book GIS and Organizations Technological Determinism: The IT Guru or Tech Geek Perspective Managerial Rationalism: The Local Government Management Perspective Social Interactionism: The Local Government Individual Perspective The Truth of the Matter The Formula for Success-A Checklist Category One: GIS Governance Category Two: GIS Digital Data and Databases Category Three: GIS Procedures, Workflow, and Integration Category Four: GIS Software Category Five: GIS Training, Education, and Knowledge Transfer Category Six: GIS Infrastructure The Formula for Success Challenges, Barriers, and Pitfalls A Pass/Fail Approach Five GIS Strategic Planning Components Component One: Strategic GIS Components Component Two: Tactical GIS Components Component Three: Technical GIS Components Component Four: Logistical GIS Components Component Five: Political GIS Components Challenges, Barriers, and Pitfalls Challenges to an Enterprise GIS Barriers to an Enterprise GIS Pitfalls to an Enterprise GIS The Challenges, Barriers, and Pitfalls of 100 Organizations The Challenges, Barriers, and Pitfalls during GIS Maturation The Role and Responsibilities of the GIS Coordinator Sequential Steps to Developing a Vision, Goals, and Objectives Step One: Understand the Existing GIS Situation Step Two: Conduct Blue Sky GIS Sessions with Stakeholders and Conduct a GIS SWOT Analysis Step Three: Build Consensus and Buy-In for an Enterprise GIS Solution from All Stakeholders Example 1: San Luis Obispo County, CA Example 2: City of Carlsbad, CA Example 3: Orange County, CA Example 4: City of Dayton, OH Example 5: Brant County, Ontario, Canada Example 6: Greenville Utilities Commission Example 7: City of Virginia Beach, VA Step Four: Align the GIS with the Vision of the Organizations Organization's Overall Goal #1: Continually Improve Public Safety Organization's Overall Goal #2: Sound and Stable Utilities Organization's Overall Goal #3: Promote Economic Development Organization's Overall Goal #4: A Great Downtown Organization's Overall Goal #5: Increased Civic Engagement Organization's Overall Goal #6: Promote Fiscal Soundness Step Five: Create a GIS Vision Statement, Goals, and Objectives GIS Vision Statement GIS Goals GIS Objectives Step Six: Develop Performance Measures, Outcomes, and Metrics Governance But What Exactly Is GIS Governance? New Management Challenges Introduced by GIS Implementation Government without GIS Misguided GIS Governance Why Is It So Challenging to Deploy an Optimum GIS Governance Model that Meets a Set of Basic Criteria? Three GIS Governance Models Governance Model #1: Centralized Governance Structure Governance Model #2: Decentralized Governance Model Governance Model #3: Hybrid Governance Model New Trending Governance Model: Regionalized Governance Model Adding Functional Teams to the Mix of Governance Models Departmental Accountability, Best Business Practices, Executive Champion, GIS Technical Committee, GIS Steering Committee, Subject Matter Experts, and GIS User Groups An Evaluation of the Different Governance Models Case Study Discussion GIS Training, Education, and Knowledge Transfer Introduction GIS Timeline-GIS Management and Training and Education Period 1: Big Bang to 1970s-The Geographer and Cartographer Period 2: Late 1980s and Late 1990s-The GIS Software Period Period 3: Late 1990s to 2010-The Era of Local Government GIS Professionals Period 4: 2010 to 2020-GIS Maturity and Complexity Period 5: 2020 to 2030-The Next Generation of GIS Coordinators Type of GIS Users in Local Government Esri-Based GIS Software Solutions Defining GIS Training, Education, and Knowledge Transfer Characteristics of a Perfect GIS Coordinator Idea Number One: How to Become an Effective GIS Leader Idea Number Two: Modern-Day Skills of a GIS Coordinator Idea Number Three: The Principles of the CCL GIS Training Series Module One: Characteristics of the Project GIS Coordinator GIS Training Series Module Two: GIS Governance and Management Skills GIS Training Series Module Three: GIS Digital Data and Databases Expertise GIS Training Series Module Four: Understand Procedures, Workflow, and Integration GIS Training Series Module Five: Understanding the Applications of GIS Software GIS Training Series Module Six: GIS Training, Education, and Knowledge Transfer GIS Training Series Module Seven: Understands IT Infrastructure and Architecture Return on Investment Local Governments' Scorecard Approach Example One: City of St. Petersburg, FL Example Two: The City of Boston, MA Example Three: The City of Fort Collins, FL Option One: CBA Option Two: RoI Analysis Option Three: A VP Perceived Benefits More Trouble Than It's Worth The Value of a Life Life is Definable, Changeable, and Improvable A 70:30 Rule Quality-of-Life Goals with Supporting Objectives Economic Diversity and Innovation Effective and Efficient Government Infrastructure and Facilities Equity An RoI and VP Solution KPI #1: Saving Money and Avoiding Costs KPI #2: Saving Time KPI #3: Increased Productivity and Organizational Performance KPI #4: Improving Efficiency KPI #5: Improving Data Accuracy and Reliability KPI #6: Making Better and More Informed Decisions KPI #7: Saving Lives and Mitigating Risks KPI #8: Automating Workflow Procedures KPI #9: Improving Information Processing KPI #10: Complying with State and Federal Mandates KPI #11: Protecting the Community KPI #12: Improving Communication, Coordination, and Collaboration KPI #13: Provide Data to Regulators, Developers, and Other Interested Parties KPI #14: Respond More Quickly to Citizen Requests KPI #15: Improve Citizen Access to Government KPI #16: Effective Management of Assets and Resources KPI #17: Good Environmental Stewardship and Well-Being KPI #18: Data Relationship-New Ways of Thinking KPI #19: Promote Economic Vitality How to Sell GIS to Local Government GIS Is Immensely Sound and Rich with Benefits Selling Topic One: What Exactly Is GIS? Selling Topic Two: Why Do Local Government Organizations Invest in GIS? Selling Topic Three: Forces that Shape How We Think, Feel, and Behave Obvious Forces Hidden Forces A Values Game Selling Topic Four: The Provocative Language of Selling and Framing the Argument Selling Topic Five: A Loophole in Our Sales Strategy: The Seven Keys to GIS Success Selling Topic Six: Language and Sales Selling Topic Seven: Selling Local Government Data Conclusions The Importance of Strategic GIS Planning A Possible Formula for Success What about the Major Obstacles Along the Way? How Important Is Developing a GIS Vision and Goals and Objectives? The Maturing and Evolution of GIS Management A Paradigm Shift: We Need to Think Very Differently about the GIS Coordinator and Enterprise GIS Training, Education, and Knowledge Transfer GIS Cost-Benefit, RoI Analysis, or Value Proposition: Are We Poorer for It? Is There an Art in Selling GIS to Local Government? The Future of GIS Technology: How Does It Impact the GIS Coordinator or GIO? 2 References Appendix Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781466556508 20170130
This "how-to" book on planning and managing GIS within local government describes and details the key components of a successful enterprise, sustainable and enduring GIS. It describes the strategic planning process an organization must undertake prior to GIS implementation. The heart of the book is the formula for success that offers a systematic methodology for examining and benchmarking a GIS initiative and the practical and repeatable strategy for success. There are many obstacles to successful GIS implementation, and unfortunately, the local government landscape is riddled with false starts, poorly planned implementations, and glorified mapping systems. This book documents the reason for failure and possible remedies to overcome the challenges to implementation. It discusses pathways to change, ways of improving organizational effectiveness and efficiency, and lays out the organizational approaches, management processes, and leadership actions that are required for GIS to become an indispensable part of an organization. This book is about aiming high, so you can consistently hit your mark by formulating goals and objectives that will tremendously influence the success of a GIS initiative. It details the factors crucial for building an enterprise GIS vision statement that includes governance, data and databases, procedures and workflow, GIS software, GIS training and education, and infrastructure, and how to develop performance measures related to the stated objectives of an organization. The book combines theory with real-world experience to offer guidance on the process of managing GIS implementation. Through key components, this book introduces a new way to think about GIS technology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781466556508 20170130
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xxi, 729 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 27 cm
  • Section I Mining and Mineral Processing Chapter 1 New Paradigms for Sustainable Mineral Processing S. K. Kawatra Chapter 2 Assessment of Sustainability of Mineral Processing Industries Vladimir Strezov and Tim Evans Chapter 3 A Step Change in Mining Productivity: Time to Deliver the Promise Joe Pease, Stephen Walters, Luke Keeney, and Greg Shapland Chapter 4 An Approach to Improve the Energy Efficiency of Mining Projects Sarma S. Kanchibotla and Tapiwa Chenje Chapter 5 Energy Use in Comminution in a Global Context Michael Daniel Chapter 6 Mill-to-Melt-Energy Efficiency Opportunities Sheila Devasahayam Section II Metallurgy/Recycling Chapter 7 Carbothermic Processing of Copper-Cobalt Mineral Sulphide Concentrates and Slag Waste for the Extraction of Metallic Values Yotamu R. S. Hara and Animesh Jha Chapter 8 Processing of Lithium-Ion Batteries for Zero-Waste Materials Recovery D. Marinos and B. Mishra Chapter 9 Selective Leaching: An Ecological Solution for Recovering Metals from Complex Minerals and Materials? Gretchen T. Lapidus Chapter 10 Reductive Leaching of Metal Oxides in Hydrometallurgical Processing of Nickel Laterite Ores, Deep Sea Manganese Nodules, and Recycling of Spent Batteries/Catalysts G. Senanayake, A. Senaputra, L.C.S. Dharmasiri, D.J. Kim, S.M. Shin, J.S. Sohn, K.H. Park, and J. Avraamides Chapter 11 Sustainable Recycling Technology for Electronic Waste Sandip Chatterjee, Archana Kumari and Manis Kumar Jha Chapter 12 Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from e-Wastes (Nd-Fe-B Spent Magnets) Using Magnesium Chloride Salts Komal Babu Addagatla, M. Akbar Rhamdhani, and Sheila Devasahayam Section III Environment Chapter 13 Building Suitable Restoration Approaches in the Brownfields Singarayer Florentine, Patrick Graz, Augustine Doronila, Rachel Martin, Kim Dowling, and Nimesha Fernando Chapter 14 Mining and Environment Greg You and Dakshith Ruvin Wijesinghe Chapter 15 Sustainable Management of Mine Induced Water Muhammad Muhitur Rahman, Dharmappa Hagare, Muttucumaru Sivakumar, and Raghu N. Singh Chapter 16 Bioflocculants Relevant for Water Treatment and Remediation K. A. Natarajan and K. Karthiga Devi Chapter 17 Sustainability and Regional Development: When Brownfields Become Playing Fields K. Dowling, S. Florentine, R. Martin and D. Pearce Chapter 18 Sustainability of Mineral Processing and Metal Production for European Economies in Transition Vladimir Strezov, Natasa Markovska and Meri Karanfilovska Chapter 19 Towards Sustainable Design of Landfill Clay Liners: A Case Study Samudra Jayasekera Section IV Energy Chapter 20 Water and Energy Nexus: Impact of Energy Development on Water Resources Michael Hightower Chapter 21 Alternative Energy Sources for Mineral Sector: An Overview Sheila Devasahayam and Raman Singh Chapter 22 Nuclear Power: Current Status and Prospects Gail H. Marcus Chapter 23 Carbon Capture and Storage Jim Underschultz, Kevin Dodds, Karsten Michael, Sandeep Sharma, Terry Wall, and Steve Whittaker Chapter 24 Photovoltaics: Current and Emerging Technologies and Materials for Solar Power Conversion Venkata Manthina, Alexander Agrios, and Shahzada Ahmad Chapter 25 Improving Process Efficiency by Waste Heat Recuperation: An Application of the Limacon Technology Ibrahim A. Sultan, Truong H. Phung and Ali Alhelal Chapter 26 Urban Waste (Municipal Solid Waste-MSW) to Energy Moshfiqur Rahman, Deepak Pudasainee, and Rajendra Gupta Chapter 27 Electrochemical Energy Systems and Efficient Utilization of Abundant Natural Gas Manoj K. Mahapatra, Boxun Hu, and Prabhakar Singh Chapter 28 Unconventional Gas Jim Underschultz Section V Socio-Economic, Regulatory Chapter 29 A Research and Education Framework to Support the Development of a Sustainable and Socially Responsible Mining Industry in Africa Jennifer Broadhurst, Susan T.L. Harrison, Jochen Petersen, Jean-Paul Franzidis and Dee Bradshaw Chapter 30 Electronic Waste Processing through Copper Recycling: An Economic Analysis Maryam Ghodrat, M. Akbar Rhamdhani, Geoffrey Brooks, Syed Masood, and Glen Corder Chapter 31 The Importance of Risk Management in the Extractive Sector for a Sustainable Economy Samanthala Hettihewa Chapter 32 Integrating Sustainability for Long-Term Business Value Liza Maimone Chapter 33 Challenging the Challenging Regulatory Environment in Papua New Guinea Mohan Singh Section VI Sustainable Materials, Fleets Chapter 34 Sustainability Allusion, Societal Marketing and the Environmental Footprint of Hybrid Autos Christopher S. Wright, Alex Kouznetsov and Sarah Kim Chapter 35 Developing Novel Polymer Composites with Typical Applications in Transport Systems Exposed to High Wear and Corrosion Such as Mining Conveyors Juan Gimenez and Sri Bandyopadhyay Chapter 36 Superhydrophobicity: From the Origin of the Concept to the Fabrication Methodologies for Applications in Pipeline Coatings Shihao Huang, Sagar Cholake, Wen Lee, Kenaope Maithakimako, Divya Eratte, Sheila Devasahayam, and Sri Bandyopadhyay Chapter 37 Application of Waste Materials (Fly Ash) as Novel Energy Materials A. A. Moorthy, Sheila Devasahayam, Danyang Wang, John Flectcher and Sri Bandyopadhyay.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498733021 20170213
Sustainable practices within the mining and energy sectors are assuming greater significance due to uncertainty and change within the global economy and safety, security, and health concerns. This book examines sustainability issues facing the mining and energy sectors by addressing six major themes: Mining and Mineral Processing; Metallurgy and Recycling; Environment; Energy; Socioeconomic and Regulatory; and Sustainable Materials and Fleets. Emphasizing an integrated transdisciplinary approach, it deliberates on optimizing mining productivity and energy efficiency and discusses integrated waste management practices. It discusses risk management, cost cutting, and integration of sustainable practices for long-term business value. It gives a comprehensive outlook for sustainable mineral futures from academic and industry perspectives covering mine to mill optimization, waste, risk and water management, improved efficiencies in mining tools and equipment, and performance indicators for sustainable developments. It covers how innovation and research underpin management of natural resources including sustainable carbon management. *Focuses on mining and mineral processing, metallurgy and recycling, the environment, energy, socioeconomic and regulatory issues, and sustainable materials and fleets. *Describes metallurgy and recycling and uses economic, environmental and social parameter analyses to identify areas for improvement in iron, steel, aluminium, lead, zinc, copper, and gold production. *Discusses current research on mining, performance indicators for sustainable development, sustainability in mining equipment, risk and safety management, and renewable energy resources *Covers alternative and conventional energy sources for the mineral sector as well water treatment and remediation and energy sustainability in mining. *Provides an overview of sustainable carbon management. *Offers an interdisciplinary approach with international focus.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781498733021 20170213
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xv, 146 pages ; 22 cm.
  • - Chapter 1 (Introduction) - New Rules: Old Lessons?.- Chapter 2 - A New Starting Point: 'Values-up' not 'Numbers-down'.- Chapter 3 - New stories: Frames and Narratives for building public engagement.- Chapter 4 - New social norms: breaking the 'climate silence'.- Chapter 5 - New Voices: Shifting the debate from scientific to social reality.- Chapter 6 - New Rules: A Blueprint for public engagement on energy and climate change.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319467436 20170313
This book describes a fresh approach to climate change communication: five core principles for public engagement that can propel climate change discourse out of the margins and into the mainstream. The question of how to communicate about climate change, and build public engagement in high-consuming, carbon-intensive Western nations, has occupied researchers, practitioners, and campaigners for more than two decades. During this time, limited progress has been made. Socially and culturally, climate change remains the preserve of a committed but narrow band of activists. Public engagement is stuck in second gear. By spanning the full width of the space between primary academic research and campaign strategies, this book will be relevant for academics, educators, campaigners, communicators and practitioners.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319467436 20170313
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xxv, 610 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm.
  • Preface
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. S-waves and VSP in the 20th century
  • 3. Fundamentals : wavefield dynamics and kinematics
  • 4. Acquisition
  • 5. Processing and analysis
  • 6. Imaging applications
  • 7. Inversion applications
  • 8. Business model considerations.
3C seismic applications provide enhanced rock property characterization of the reservoir that can complement P-wave methods. Continued interest in converted P- to S-waves (PS-waves) and vertical seismic profiles (VSPs) has resulted in the steady development of advanced vector wavefield techniques. PS-wave images along with VSP data can be used to help P-wave interpretation of structure in gas obscured zones, of elastic and fluid properties for lithology discrimination from S-wave impedance and density inversion in unconventional reservoirs, and of fracture characterization and stress monitoring from S-wave birefringence (splitting) analysis. The book, which accompanies the 2016 SEG Distinguished Instructor Short Course, presents an overview of 3C seismic theory and practical application: from fundamentals of PS-waves and VSPs, through to acquisition and processing including interpretation techniques. The emphasis is on unique aspects of vector wavefields, anisotropy, and the important relationships that unify S-waves and P-waves. Various applications and case studies demonstrate image benefits from PS-waves, elastic properties and fluid discrimination from joint inversion of amplitude variations with offset/angle (AVO/A), and VSP methods for anisotropic velocity model building and improved reservoir imaging. The book will be of interest to geophysicists, geologists, and engineers, especially those involved with or considering the use of AVO/A inversion, fracture/stress characterization analyses, or interpretation in gas-obscured reservoirs.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
x, 237 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 29 cm.
  • Learning from the 2013 3-D Interpretation Hedberg Conference : how geoscientists see 3-D / Bob Krantz, Carol Ormand, and Brett Freeman
  • Training spatial skills in geosciences : a review of tests and tools / Kristin M. Gagnier [and others]
  • Visual metaphors in structural geology : a means for enhancing 3-D visualization / George H. Davis and David Fischer
  • Visible geology : creative online tools for teaching, learning, and communicating geologic concepts / Rowan Cockett, Tara Moran, and Adam Pidlisecky
  • Spatial skills in expert structural geologists / Margaret R. Tarampi [and others]
  • Structural interpretation of seismic geologic reality, perspective, and 3-D thinking / Peter Boult, Brett Freeman, and Graham Yielding
  • Subsurface structural interpretation : the significance of 3-D structural frameworks / Bob Krantz and Thomas Neely
  • Insight on mechanical stratigraphy and subsurface interpretation / Ronald N. McGinnis [and others]
  • Evolution of the Hat Creek Fault System, Northern California / Simon A. Kattenhorn [and others]
  • 3-D seismic-structural workflows-- examples using the Hat Creek fault system / Graham Yielding and Brett Freeman
  • Earth, mind, and paper : field sketches as expert representations of the Hat Creek fault zone / Heather L. Petcovic, Carol J. Ormand, and Bob Krantz
  • Increasing interpreter capability in structurally complex settings through combined fieldwork, interpretation, and geocellular modeling / John G. Solum, Stephen J. Jolley, and Benjamin D. Meyer
  • Linking cognitive science and disciplinary geoscience practice : the importance of the conceptual model / Thomas F. Shipley and Basil Tikoff.
"Three-dimensional geologic interpretation of surface and subsurface data requires integration and application of both geologic knowledge and spatial cognitive skills. Much surface geologic mapping still employs pen and paper techniques, but subsurface interpretation is usually accomplished using sophisticated visualization software. In both cases, successful interpreters use mental models that bridge internal and external forms of 3-D visualization to construct 3-D geologic interpretations. This volume sets out to understand more about the convergence of geology, 3-D thinking, and software, which collectively provide the basis for truly effective interpretation strategies"--Back cover.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Map
1 map : color ; 29 x 48 cm
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)