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Book
xvi, 451 pages, 88 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 29 cm
  • List of contributors, xi About the companion websites, xvii 1 Introduction, 1 Tom Gleeson and Steven Ingebritsen 2 DigitalCrust a 4D data system of material properties for transforming research on crustal fluid flow, 6 Ying Fan, Stephen Richard, R. Sky Bristol, Shanan E. Peters, Steven E. Ingebritsen, Nils Moosdorf, Aaron Packman, Tom Gleeson, I. Zaslavsky, S. Peckham, Lawrence Murdoch, Michael Fienen, Michael Cardiff, David Tarboton, Norman Jones, Richard Hooper, Jennifer Arrigo, D. Gochis, J. Olson and David Wolock Part I: The physics of permeability, 13 3 The physics of permeability, 15 Tom Gleeson and Steven E. Ingebritsen 4 A pore-scale investigation of the dynamic response of saturated porous media to transient stresses, 16 Christian Huber and Yanqing Su 5 Flow of concentrated suspensions through fractures: small variations in solid concentration cause significant in-plane velocity variations, 27 Ricardo Medina, Jean E. Elkhoury, Joseph P. Morris, Romain Prioul, Jean Desroches and Russell L. Detwiler 6 Normal stress-induced permeability hysteresis of a fracture in a granite cylinder, 39 A. P. S. Selvadurai 7 Linking microearthquakes to fracture permeability evolution, 49 Takuya Ishibashi, Noriaki Watanabe, Hiroshi Asanuma and Noriyoshi Tsuchiya 8 Fractured rock stress permeability relationships from in situ data and effects of temperature and chemical mechanical couplings, 65 Jonny Rutqvist Part II: Static permeability, 83 9 Static permeability, 85 Tom Gleeson and Steven E. Ingebritsen Part II(A): Sediments and sedimentary rocks 10 How well can we predict permeability in sedimentary basins? Deriving and evaluating porosity permeability equations for noncemented sand and clay mixtures, 89 Elco Luijendijk and Tom Gleeson 11 Evolution of sediment permeability during burial and subduction, 104 Hugh Daigle and Elizabeth J. Screaton Part II(B): Igneous and metamorphic rocks 12 Is the permeability of crystalline rock in the shallow crust related to depth, lithology, or tectonic setting?, 125 Mark Ranjram, Tom Gleeson and Elco Luijendijk 13 Understanding heat and groundwater flow through continental flood basalt provinces: Insights gained from alternative models of permeability/depth relationships for the Columbia Plateau, United States, 137 Erick R. Burns, Colin F. Williams, Steven E. Ingebritsen, Clifford I. Voss, Frank A. Spane and Jacob DeAngelo 14 Deep fluid circulation within crystalline basement rocks and the role of hydrologic windows in the formation of the Truth or Consequences, New Mexico low-temperature geothermal system, 155 Jeffrey Pepin, Mark Person, Fred Phillips, Shari Kelley, Stacy Timmons, Lara Owens, James Witcher and Carl W. Gable 15 Hydraulic conductivity of fractured upper crust: insights from hydraulic tests in boreholes and fluid rock interaction in crystalline basement rocks, 174 Ingrid Stober and Kurt Bucher Part III: Dynamic permeability, 189 16 Dynamic permeability, 191 Tom Gleeson and Steven E. Ingebritsen Part III(A): Oceanic crust 17 Rapid generation of reaction permeability in the roots of black smoker systems, Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus, 195 Johnson R. Cann, Andrew M. Mccaig and Bruce W. D. Yardley Part III(B): Fault zones 18 The permeability of active subduction plate boundary faults, 209 Demian M. Saffer 19 Changes in hot spring temperature and hydrogeology of the Alpine Fault hanging wall, New Zealand, induced by distal South Island earthquakes, 228 Simon C. Cox, Catriona D. Menzies, Rupert Sutherland, Paul H. Denys, Calum Chamberlain and Damon A. H. Teagle 20 Transient permeability in fault stepovers and rapid rates of orogenic gold deposit formation, 249 Steven Micklethwaite, Arianne Ford, Walter Witt and Heather A. Sheldon 21 Evidence for long-timescale (>103 years) changes in hydrothermal activity induced by seismic events, 260 Trevor Howald, Mark Person, Andrew Campbell, Virgil Lueth, Albert Hofstra, Donald Sweetkind, Carl W. Gable, Amlan Banerjee, Elco Luijendijk, Laura Crossey, Karl Karlstrom, Shari Kelley and Fred M. Phillips Part III(C): Crustal-scale behavior 22 The permeability of crustal rocks through the metamorphic cycle: an overview, 277 Bruce Yardley 23 An analytical solution for solitary porosity waves: dynamic permeability and fluidization of nonlinear viscous and viscoplastic rock, 285 James A. D. Connolly and Y. Y. Podladchikov 24 Hypocenter migration and crustal seismic velocity distribution observed for the inland earthquake swarms induced by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake in NE Japan: implications for crustal fluid distribution and crustal permeability, 307 T. Okada, T. Matsuzawa, N. Umino, K. Yoshida, A. Hasegawa, H. Takahashi, T. Yamada, M. Kosuga, Tetsuya Takeda, A. Kato, T. Igarashi, K. Obara, S. Sakai, A. Saiga, T. Iidaka, T. Iwasaki, N. Hirata, N. Tsumura, Y. Yamanaka, T. Terakawa, H. Nakamichi, T. Okuda, S. Horikawa, H. Katao, T. Miura, A. Kubo, T. Matsushima, K. Goto and H. Miyamachi 25 Continental-scale water-level response to a large earthquake, 324 Zheming Shi, Guang-Cai Wang, Michael Manga and Chi-Yuen Wang Part III(D): Effects of fluid injection at the scale of a reservoir or ore-deposit 26 Development of connected permeability in massive crystalline rocks through hydraulic fracture propagation and shearing accompanying fluid injection, 337 Giona Preisig, Erik Eberhardt, Valentin Gischig, Vincent Roche, Mirko van der Baan, Benoit Valley, Peter K. Kaiser, Damien Duff and Robert Lowther 27 Modeling enhanced geothermal systems and the essential nature of large-scale changes in permeability at the onset of slip, 353 Stephen A. Miller 28 Dynamics of permeability evolution in stimulated geothermal reservoirs, 363 Joshua Taron, Steve E. Ingebritsen, Stephen Hickman and Colin F. Williams 29 The dynamic interplay between saline fluid flow and rock permeability in magmatic hydrothermal systems, 373 Philipp Weis Part IV: Conclusion, 393 30 Toward systematic characterization, 395 Tom Gleeson and Steven E. Ingebritsen References, 398 Index, 447.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119166566 20170117
Permeability is the primary control on fluid flow in the Earth s crust and is key to a surprisingly wide range of geological processes, because it controls the advection of heat and solutes and the generation of anomalous pore pressures. The practical importance of permeability and the potential for large, dynamic changes in permeability is highlighted by ongoing issues associated with hydraulic fracturing for hydrocarbon production ( fracking ), enhanced geothermal systems, and geologic carbon sequestration. Although there are thousands of research papers on crustal permeability, this is the first book-length treatment. This book bridges the historical dichotomy between the hydrogeologic perspective of permeability as a static material property and the perspective of other Earth scientists who have long recognized permeability as a dynamic parameter that changes in response to tectonism, fluid production, and geochemical reactions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119166566 20170117
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
v, 215 pages : illustrations, maps (some color) ; 28 cm.
  • Probing crustal thickness evolution and geodynamic processes in the past from magma records: An integrated approach / J. Ganne, W.P. Schellart, G. Rosenbaum, X. Feng, and V. De Andrade
  • Uplift of the southeastern Australian lithosphere: Thermal-tectonic evolution of garnet pyroxenite xenoliths from western Victoria / Jiang-Gu Lu, Qing Xiong, William L. Griffin, Jian-Ping Zheng, Jin-Xiang Huang, Suzanne Y. O'Reilly, Takako Satsukawa, and Norman J. Pearson
  • Variety of origins and exhumation histories of Sambagawa eclogite interpreted through the veil of extensive structural and metamorphic overprinting / Soichi Osozawa and John Wakabayashi
  • Exhumation of western Alboran peridotites in an Oligocene-Miocene oblique continental rift system / Frédéric Gueydan and Gianluca Frasca
  • Mylonitic gabbro nodules of Stromboli (southern Italy): Microstructural evidence of high-temperature deformation of cumulates during the evolution of the magmatic crustal roots of an active volcano / Richard Spiess, Raffaella Dibona, Manuele Faccenda, Michele Mattioli, and Alberto Renzulli
  • Crust-mantle boundary in eastern North America, from the (oldest) craton to the (youngest) rift / Vadim Levin, Andrea Servali, Jill VanTongeren, William Menke, and Fiona Darbyshire
  • Role of percolating melts in Antarctic subcontinental lithospheric mantle: New insights from Handler Ridge mantle xenoliths (northern Victoria Land, Antarctica) / Beatrice Pelorosso, Costanza Bonadiman, Massimo Coltorti, Massimiliano Melchiorre, Pier Paolo Giacomoni, Theodoros Ntaflos, Michel Gregoire, and Mathieu Benoit
  • In situ U-Pb zircon geochronology on metapelitic granulites of Beni Bousera (Betic-Rif system, N Morocco) / M. Melchiorre, A.M. Álvarez-Valero, J. Vergés, M. Fernàndez, E.A. Belousova, A. El Maz, and A. Moukadiri
  • Detrital zircon evidence for eclogite formation by basal subduction erosion
  • An example from the Yukon-Tanana composite arc, Canadian Cordillera / J.A. Gilotti, W.C. McClelland, C.R. van Staal, and M.B. Petrie
  • Comparison among Ethiopia-Yemen, Deccan, and Karoo continental flood basalts of central Gondwana: Insights on lithosphere versus asthenosphere contributions in compositionally zoned magmatic provinces / Claudio Natali, Luigi Beccaluva, Gianluca Bianchini, and Franca Siena.
"This volume encompasses contributions from a wide spectrum of earth science disciplines, including geophysics, geodynamics, geochemistry, and petrology, to provide an overview of the nature and evolution of the crust-mantle and lithosphere-asthenosphere boundaries in different tectonic settings"-- Provided by publisher.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
vii, 256 pages : maps (some color), illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
  • Archaean granitoids: an overview and significance from a tectonic perspective
  • Hafnium isotope constraints on the origin of Mesoarchaean andesites in southern West Greenland, North Atlantic Craton
  • The tectonomagmatic significance of Neoarchaean variably alkali-enriched gabbro and diorite intrusions of the western Karelia Province
  • Alkaline-rich quartz syenite intrusions of the Western Karelia subprovince
  • Geochronology of Neoarchaean granitoids of the NW eastern Dharwar craton: implications for crust formation
  • The diversification of granitoids and plate tectonic implications at the Archaean-Proterozoic boundary in the Bundelkhand Craton, Central India
  • Petrogenesis of mafic magmatic enclaves of the Bundelkhand granitoids near Orchha, Central Indian shield: evidence for rapid crystallization
  • The long (3.7-2.1 Ga) and multistage evolution of the Bug Granulite-Gneiss Complex, Ukrainian Shield, based on the SIMS U-Pb ages and geochemistry of zircons from a single sample
  • Geochemical characterization and petrogenesis of mafic granulites from the Central Indian Tectonic Zone (CITZ)
  • Metamorphic evolution of the Ilomantsi greenstone belt in the Archaean Karelia Province, eastern Finland.
This Special Publication sheds light on crust formation and tectonic processes in early Earth by focusing on Archaean granitoids and related rocks from West Greenland in the North Atlantic Craton, Karelia Province of the Fennoscandian Shield, Eastern Dharwar and Bundelkhand cratons in the Indian Shield and Bug Complex of the Ukrainian Shield. Resulting from the IGCP-SIDA 599 project 'The Changing Early Earth', this compilation of papers provides explanations on the nomenclature of Archaean granitoids and explores the petrology, element and isotope geochemistry, geochronology and metamorphism of granitoids and supracrustal rocks of variable metamorphic grade. This volume provides information on the increase and timing of crust-mantle interactions and granitoid diversification from early Archaean protoliths of island arc origin to the emergence of multi-source high-K calc-alkaline granitoid batholiths at convergent continental margins. The formation of abundant granitoid batholiths suggests a significant change in mantle dynamics and plate tectonics towards the end of the Archaean.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
145 pages : illustrations ; 30 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xi, 537 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 24 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
v, 336 pages : illustrations, maps ; 27 cm
  • Introduction
  • From Sebastopol to Suez (1854
  • 1869)
  • The mid-Victorian perspective: a fragmented East
  • Labeling the East
  • Maps for the masses?
  • A shifting East in the age of high imperialism (1870
  • 1895)
  • Oriental designs
  • Virtual travel in the age of high imperialism
  • The fabric of the Middle East (1895
  • 1921)
  • Seeing red?
  • Enter Middle East
  • Falling into places
  • General conclusion.
While the twentieth century's conflicting visions and exploitation of the Middle East are well documented, the origins of the concept of the Middle East itself have been largely ignored. With Dislocating the Orient, Daniel Foliard tells the story of how the land was brought into being, exploring how maps, knowledge, and blind ignorance all participated in the construction of this imagined region. Foliard vividly illustrates how the British first defined the Middle East as a geopolitical and cartographic region in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries through their imperial maps. Until then, the region had never been clearly distinguished from "the East" or "the Orient." In the course of their colonial activities, however, the British began to conceive of the Middle East as a separate and distinct part of the world, with consequences that continue to be felt today. As they reimagined boundaries, the British produced, disputed, and finally dramatically transformed the geography of the area both culturally and physically over the course of their colonial era. Using a wide variety of primary texts and historical maps to show how the idea of the Middle East came into being, Dislocating the Orient will interest historians of the Middle East, the British empire, cultural geography, and cartography.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780226451336 20170508
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
692 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 32 cm.
  • Foreword I Printed Dutch Rutters and Charts for European Navigation up to c. 1585: an Overview I.1 The Earliest Dutch Printed Rutters and Charts I.2 The Pioneering Work of Cornelis Anthonisz. I.3 The Leeskaartboek van Wisbuy I.4 The Rutters of Govert Willemsz. van Hollesloot I.5 The Cartographical Work of Adriaen Gerritsz. I.6 Aelbert Haeyen's Amstelredamsche Zee-Caerten II Lucas Jansz. Waghenaer: Pioneer of Dutch Maritime Cartography II.1 Waghenaer and Enkhuizen II.2 The First Printed Sea Atlas: The Spieghel der Zeevaerdt, 1584/85 II.3 Waghenaer's Charts of Europe, 1583 and 1592 II.4 Unknown Charts by Lucas Jansz. Waghenaer II.5 Chart of Europe in Four Sheets, 1589 II.6 A Pilot Guide in oblong: The Thresoor der zee-vaert, 1592 II.7 Waghenaer's Enckhuyser Zee-caert-boeck, 1598 III Amsterdam: Distribution Centre of Geographical and Cartographical Knowledge IV A Landmark in Dutch Cartography: The Wall Map of the World by Petrus Plancius, 1592 V To Farther Horizons: A Set of Printed Dutch Charts with Coastlines beyond Europe (1592-1594) V.1 Map of the Azores, Canary Islands and Parts of the Iberian Peninsula and North-Western Africa V.2 Map of the Atlantic Ocean with the North-Western Coasts of Africa and a Part of Brazil between 31oN and 15oS V.3 Map of Southern Africa between 2oN and 44oS V.4 Map of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Philippines with Surrounding Regions V.5 Map of the Northern Atlantic Ocean V.6 Map of the Northern Part of South America down to 35oS V.7 Map of the Southern Part of South America and Magellanica V.8 Map of Europe VI Sixteenth-Century Dutch Cartography of the Mediterranean Sea VI.1 Ascendance of the Shipping through the Strait of Gibraltar (Straatvaart) VI.2 Willem Barentsz. and his Nieuwe beschryvinghe ende Caertboeck vande Midlandtsche Zee, 1595 VI.3 The Overview-map of the Mediterranian Sea VII Jan Huygen van Linschoten: Forerunner of Dutch Activities in Oversea VII.1 Jan Huygen van Linschoten (1562-1611) VII.2 The Publication of Van Linschoten's Itinerario, 1595/96 VII.3 The Maps in Van Linschoten's Itinerario VII.3.1 Map of the Atlantic Ocean between 8oN and 35oS VII.3.2 Map of the Western Indian Ocean between 8oN and 35oS VII.3.3 Map of the Northern Indian Ocean between 0o and 43oN VII.3.4 Map of the Indonesian Archipelago and Far East between 20oS and 40oN VII.3.5 Map of South America and a Part of Central America with Adjacent Islands VIII Amsterdam Publications on the Art of Navigation and Cosmography VIII.1 Pedro de Medina and his Arte de navegar VIII.2 William Bourne and his A Regiment for the Sea VIII.3 Rodrigo Zamorano and his Compendio de la arte de navegar VIII.4 Thomas Hood and his The Mariner's Guide VIII.5 Peter Apian and his Cosmographie VIII.6 Robert Hues and his Tractatus de globis IX The North Holland School of Cartography (c. 1580-c. 1620) X Cornelis Doedsz.: Caertschrijver woonende t'Edam inde Vierheems-Kinderen X.1 Life and Work X.2 A Chart for the Eastern and Northern Navigation, 1589 X.3 Two Manuscript Charts of Europe by Cornelis Doedsz. X.3.1 Chart of Europe of c. 1600 X.3.2 Chart of Europe, 1607 X.4 A Commercial Chart of Europe, 1602 X.5 Willem Jansz. [Blaeu]: Publisher of Charts of Europe by Cornelis Doedsz. X.5.1 Doedsz.'s Chart of 1605. X.5.2 Doedsz.'s Chart of 1606 X.6 Doedsz.'s Chart of Europe, Published by Dirck Pietersz. Pers, 1610 X.7 The Graetboeck Compiled by Cornelis Doedsz. X.8 The Atlantic Scene: The Chart of the Atlantic Ocean by Cornelis Doedsz., 1600 X.8.1 To New Horizons: Dutch Navigation to the West X.8.2 The Chart of the Atlantic Ocean, 1600 X.9 Chart of the Western Part of the Indian Ocean, [1601-1606] X.10 Following the Track of the Ship de Liefde: Three Dutch Charts in Tokyo X.11 A Chart of the Indische Noord, Attributed to Cornelis Doedsz., c. 1600 XI Evert Gijsbertsz.: Caertschrijver tot Edam in die Pascaert XI.1 A Masterpiece in Prague: Evert Gijsbertsz.'s Chart of Europe, 1598 XI.2 A Remarkable Chart of the North Sea, 1601 XI.3 Two Representation Charts in the Former Possession of Maurits, Prince of Nassau, [1596] XI.3.1 Chart of the West Indies and South America, Attributed to Evert Gijsbertsz. XI.3.2 Chart of Western Part of the Indian Ocean, Attributed to Evert Gijsbertsz. XI.4 A Show-piece in Sydney: Evert Gijsbertsz. 's Chart of the Indian Ocean and Far East, 1599 VII.5 A Navigation Chart of the Indian Ocean and Far East in Paris, 1599 XII The Manuscript Charts of the Atlantic Ocean by Jan Dircksz. Rijckemans and Claes Pietersz. XII.1 Chart of the Atlantic Ocean by Jan Dircksz. Rijckemans, 1599 XII.2 Chart of the Atlantic Ocean by Claes Pietersz., 1607 XIII The Harmen and Marten Jansz. Brothers: Caertschrijvers inden Pascarte Tot Edam XIII.1 Three World Maps in Manuscript by Harmen and Marten Jansz. XIII.1.1 The World Map in Paris, 1610 XIII.1.2 The World Map in Dresden, [1607-1610] XIII.1.3 The World Map in Greenwich, [1607-1610] XIII.2 The Charts of Europe in Manuscript and Print XIII.2.1 The Manuscript Copies XIII.2.2 The Charts Printed by Jan Evertsz. Cloppenburch XIII.3 Harmen Jansz.'s Manuscript Chart of the Atlantic Ocean, 1604 XIV The Edam Caert-Schrijvers as Chart-Suppliers for Voyages to the East XV At the Cartographical Cradle of New Netherlands XVI Joris Carolus: Stuyrman ende Caertschrijver tot Enchuysen XVI.1 Voyage of Discovery in 1614 XVI.2 Voyages to the North-West, 1615-1617 XVI.3 The Scientific Voyage of 1618 XVI.4 A Chart of the Danish Waters XVI.5 Charts of Iceland and the Northern Regions XVI.6 The Pilot Guide of 1634 Appendices 1 List of Charts in Waghenaer's Spieghel der Zeevaerdt, 1585. 2 List of Charts in Waghenaer's Thresoor der zee-vaert, 1592. Bibliography Index on Peronal Names.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789004338029 20170515
Before Amsterdam developed into Europe's most important commercial hub in the seventeenth century, demanding and controlling manufacture of maps and sea-charts, a major School of Cartography already flourished in the so-called 'Kop van Noord-Holland', the region just north of Amsterdam. This School specialised in the production of small-scale charts of larger areas, like European coastlines, the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789004338029 20170515
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
317 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 28 cm
  • Preface-- Acknowledgments-- 1. Introduction-- 2. Methods for locating old continents and terranes-- 3. Tectonic units of the Earth-- 4. Earth's origins and the Precambrian-- 5. Cambrian-- 6. Ordovician-- 7. Silurian-- 8. Devonian-- 9. Carboniferous-- 10. Permian-- 11. Triassic-- 12. Jurassic-- 13. Cretaceous-- 14. Paleogene-- 15. Neogene and Quaternary-- 16. Climates past and present-- Endnote-- Appendix 1. Location of Phanerozoic Large Igneous Provinces-- Appendix 2. Mesozoic to modern Panthalassic and Pacific Ocean plates-- Appendix 3. Orogenies-- References-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107105324 20170313
Using full-colour palaeogeographical maps from the Cambrian to the present, this interdisciplinary volume explains how plate motions and surface volcanism are linked to processes in the Earth's mantle, and to climate change and the evolution of the Earth's biota. These new and very detailed maps provide a complete and integrated Phanerozoic story of palaeogeography. They illustrate the development of all the major mountain-building orogenies. Old lands, seas, ice caps, volcanic regions, reefs, and coal beds are highlighted on the maps, as well as faunal and floral provinces. Many other original diagrams show sections from the Earth's core, through the mantle, and up to the lithosphere, and how Large Igneous Provinces are generated, helping to understand how plates have appeared, moved, and vanished through time. Supplementary resources are available online, making this an invaluable reference for researchers, graduate students, professional geoscientists and anyone interested in the geological history of the Earth.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107105324 20170313
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
vi, 432 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
  • Dedication
  • Contributions of Professor Martin Brasier to the study of early life, stratigraphy and biogeochemistry
  • Understanding ancient life: how Martin Brasier changed the way we think about the fossil record
  • X-ray microtomography as a tool for investigating the petrological context of Precambrian cellular remains
  • Earliest microbial trace fossils in Archaean pillow lavas under scrutiny: new micro-X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy, metamorphic and morphological constraints
  • Characterization of organic matter in the Torridonian using Raman spectroscopy
  • Advanced analytical techniques for studying the morphology and chemistry of Proterozoic microfossils
  • Contrasting microfossil preservation and lake chemistries within the 1200-1000 Ma Torridonian Supergroup of NW Scotland
  • Evaluating evidence from the Torridonian Supergroup (Scotland, UK) for eukaryotic life on land in the Proterozoic
  • Measuring the 'Great Unconformity' on the North China Craton using new detrital zircon age data
  • Earth system transition during the Tonian-Cambrian interval of biological innovation: nutrients, climate, oxygen and the marine organic carbon capacitor
  • Martin Brasier's contribution to the palaeobiology of the Ediacaran-Cambrian transition
  • Palaeoecology of Ediacaran metazoan reefs
  • Ediacaran pre-placozoan diploblasts in the Avalonian biota: the role of chemosynthesis in the evolution of early animal life
  • Rangeomorph classification schemes and intra-specific variation: are all characters created equal?
  • Post-fossilization processes and their implications for understanding Ediacaran macrofossil assemblages
  • 'Intrites' from the Ediacaran Longmyndian Supergroup, UK: a new form of microbially-induced sedimentary structure (MISS)
  • The origin and occurrence of subaqueous sedimentary cracks
  • The Precambrian-Phanerozoic and Ediacaran-Cambrian boundaries: a historical approach to a dilemma
  • Ichnological evidence for the Cambrian explosion in the Ediacaran to Cambrian succession of Tanafjord, Finnmark, northern Norway
  • Engineering the Cambrian explosion: the earliest bioturbators as ecosystem engineers
  • Remarkable preservation of brain tissues in an Early Cretaceous iguanodontian dinosaur
  • Earliest Cretaceous cocoons or plant seed structures from the Wealden Group, Hastings, UK
  • Chemical relationships of ambers using attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.
This volume in memory of Professor Martin Brasier, which has many of his unfinished works, summarizes recent progress in some of the hottest topics in palaeobiology including cellular preservation of early microbial life and early evolution of macroscopic animal life, encompassing the Ediacara biota. The papers focus on how to decipher evidence for early life, which requires exceptional preservation, employment of state-of-the-art techniques and also an understanding gleaned from Phanerozoic lagerstätte and modern analogues. The papers also apply Martin's MOFAOTYOF principle (my oldest fossils are older than your oldest fossils), requiring an integrated approach to understanding fossils. The adoption of the null-hypothesis that all putative traces of life are abiotic until proven otherwise, and the consideration of putative fossils within their spatial context, characterized the work of Martin Brasier, as is well demonstrated by the papers in this volume.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xxxvii, 654 pages ; 28 cm
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xiii, 292 pages : illustrations, maps ; 29 cm.
  • Contributors vii Preface xi Part I: Structural Evidences of Coseismic Slip 1 1 Incipient Pulverization at Shallow Burial Depths Along the San Jacinto Fault, Southern CaliforniaJames J. Whearty, Thomas K. Rockwell, and Gary H. Girty 3 2 Seismic Rupture Parameters Deduced From a Pliocene ]Pleistocene Fault Pseudotachylyte in TaiwanCaitlyn S. Korren, Eric C. Ferre, En -Chao Yeh, Yu ]Min Chou, and Hao ]Tsu Chu 21 3 Fluid Inclusion Evidence of Coseismic Fluid Flow Induced by Dynamic RuptureThomas M. Mitchell, Jose M. Cembrano, Kazuna Fujita, Kenichi Hoshino, Daniel R. Faulkner, Pamela Perez Flores, Gloria Arancibia, Marieke Rempe, and Rodrigo Gomila 37 4 Coseismic Damage Generation and Pulverization in Fault Zones: Insights From Dynamic Split ]Hopkinson Pressure Bar ExperimentsFranciscus M. Aben, Mai -Linh Doan, Jean ]Pierre Gratier, and Francois Renard 47 5 Coseismic Foliations in Gouge and Cataclasite: Experimental Observations and Consequences for Interpreting the Fault Rock RecordSteven A. F. Smith, James R. Griffiths, Michele Fondriest, and Giulio Di Toro 81 Part II: Fault Properties During Dynamic Rupture 103 6 The Transition From Frictional Sliding to Shear Melting in Laboratory Stick ]Slip ExperimentsDavid A. Lockner, Brian D. Kilgore, Nicholas M. Beeler, and Diane E. Moore 105 7 Powder Rolling as a Mechanism of Dynamic Fault WeakeningXiaofeng Chen, Andrew S. Elwood Madden, and Ze ev Reches 133 8 Earthquake Source Properties From Instrumented Laboratory Stick ]SlipBrian D. Kilgore, Art McGarr, Nicholas M. Beeler, and David A. Lockner 151 9 Dynamic Weakening and the Depth Dependence of Earthquake FaultingNicolas Brantut and John D. Platt 171 Part III: Influence of Fault Properties on Coseismic Rupture 195 10 Scaling of Fault Roughness and Implications for Earthquake MechanicsFrancois Renard and Thibault Candela 197 11 Fault Branching and Long ]Term Earthquake Rupture Scenario for Strike ]Slip EarthquakesYann Klinger, Jin -Hyuck Choi, and Amaury Vallage 217 12 Influence of Fault Strength on Precursory Processes During Laboratory EarthquakesFrancois. X. Passelegue, Soumaya Latour, Alexandre Schubnel, Stefan Nielsen, Harsha S. Bhat, and Raul Madariaga 229 13 Upper Limit on Damage Zone Thickness Controlled by Seismogenic DepthJean Paul Ampuero and Xiaolin Mao 243 14 Effect of Brittle Off ]Fault Damage on Earthquake Rupture DynamicsMarion Y. Thomas, Harsha S. Bhat, and Yann Klinger 255 Index 281.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119156888 20170829
Why do earthquakes happen? What properties control the dynamic rupture and what are the processes at play? Chapters in the present volume capture the current state of the art by displaying an overview of the existing knowledge on the physics of dynamic faulting and promote multidisciplinary contributions on the observational and experimental fault fabric and mechanics, the evolution of fault zone physical and chemical properties, dynamic rupture processes and physically, and observationally, consistent numerical modeling of fault zone during seismic rupture. This volume examines questions such as: What are the dynamics processes recorded in fault gouge?What can we learn on rupture dynamic from laboratory experiments?How on-fault and off-fault properties affect seismic ruptures? How do they evolve trough time?Insights from physically, and observationally, consistent numerical modeling Fault Zone Dynamic Processes: Evolution of Fault Properties During Seismic Rupture is a valuable contribution for Earth s scientists, researchers and students interested in the earthquakes processes and properties of on-fault and off-fault zones. Its multidisciplinary content is relevant to a broad audience: structural geologist, experimentalists, rocks mechanicians, seismologist, geophysicists and modelers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119156888 20170829
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
vi, 251 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 28 cm.
  • Foreword / Brian Kraatz, Jade Star Lackey, and Joan E. Fryxell
  • Geology and vertebrate paleontology of Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument, Nevada, USA / Kathleen B. Springer, Jeffrey S. Pigati, and Eric Scott
  • Geology, stratigraphy, and paleontology of the Santa Ana Mountains, California, USA / Jere H. Lipps, Richard Lozinsky, Jeannine Pedersen-Guzman, Eric Scott, and Lisa Babilonia
  • Neogene sedimentation, volcanism, and faulting in the eastern Coyote Mountains, Salton Trough, southern California / Ann Bykerk-Kauffman
  • Arc magmatism, tectonism, and tempos in Mesozoic arc crustal sections of the Peninsular and Transverse Ranges, southern California, USA / Scott Paterson, Ben Clausen, Vali Memeti, and Joshua J. Schwartz
  • Late Cretaceous to early Neogene tectonic development of the southern Sierra Nevada region, California / Alan D. Chapman, David J. Wood, Jason B Saleeby, and Zorka Saleeby
  • Geology of the Cemex, Inc. limestone quarries, Sidewinder Mountain-Black Mountain area, San Bernardino County, California / Howard Brown.
"This guidebook volume for the 2016 GSA Cordilleran Section Meeting, which was held in Ontario, California, explores varied geological features of southern California and Nevada, including the Mojave Desert and Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument"-- Provided by publisher.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xv, 266 pages : illustrations, maps, charts ; 29 cm.
"Several scholars across the globe identified the present lack of high quality damage data as the main constraint to efficient risk mitigation. The need for a systematic collection of damage data in the aftermath of flood events come into light, thus the aim being the creation of complete and reliable databases. Flood damage data collected in the aftermath of a disastrous event can support a variety of actions, which include: (i) the identification of priorities for intervention during emergencies, (ii) the creation of complete event scenarios on the basis of which understanding the fragilities of the flooded areas and tailoring risk mitigation strategies, (iii) the definition of victims compensation schemes, and (iv) the validation/definition of damage models to feed cost-benefit analysis of structural and non-structural mitigation actions (including insurance schemes). Volume highlights include: A good compilation of real world case studies elaborating on the survey experiences and best practices associated with flood damage data collection, storage and analysis, that can help strategize flood risk mitigation in an efficient manner; Valuable contributions covering different flooding phenomena such as riverine and mountain floods, different spatial level of analysis from local to global scales, and different stakeholders perspectives, e.g. public decision makers, researchers, private companies; and contributions from leading experts in the field, researchers and practitioners, including civil protection actors working at different spatial and administrative level, insurers and professionals working in the field of natural hazards mitigation. Flood Damage Survey and Assessment: New Insights from Research and Practice will be a valuable resource to all earth scientists, hydrologists, meteorologists, geologists, geographers, civil engineers, insurers and policy decision makers" -- Provided by publisher's website.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Map
1 map : color ; 26 x 42 cm, folded to 14 x 9 cm
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
vii, 63 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 28 cm.
  • Preface / Joseph T. Hannibal and Kyle C. Fredrick
  • From Fort Pitt to Coal Hill : geological, archaeological, and historical aspects of downtown Pittsburgh and Mount Washington / Joseph T. Hannibal, Andrew Gaerte, and Ann L. Holstein
  • Pleistocene periglacial features of the Pittsburgh Low Plateau and Upper Youghiogheny Basin / Rebecca Kavage Adams, Mark D. Swift, David K. Brezinski, and Steven J. Kite
  • New insights and lessons learned from the Johnstown (Pennsylvania) flood of 1889 / Carrie E. Davis Todd
  • The old, the crude, and the muddy : oil history in western Pennsylvania (abstract) / Kristin M. Carter and Kathy J. Flaherty.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
vi, 174 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 29 cm.
  • Preface / Christopher M. Bailey and Shelley Jaye
  • Geology along the Blue Ridge Parkway in Virginia / Mark W. Carter, Scott Southworth, Richard P. Tollo, Arthur J. Merschat, Sara Wagner, Ava Lazor, and John N. Aleinikoff
  • From Laurentia to Iapetus: traversing the Blue Ridge-Piedmont terrane boundary in central Virginia / Christopher M. Bailey, Anna V. Spears, and Aaron Marshall
  • Fossil-collecting from the middle Miocene Carmel Church Quarry marine ecosystem in Caroline County, Virginia / Alexander K. Hastings and Alton C. Dooley Jr.
  • Geologic controls on cave development in Burnsville Cove, Bath and Highland Counties, Virginia / Christopher S. Swezey, John T. Haynes, Philip C. Lucas, and Richard A. Lambert
  • Geology and Biostratigraphy of the Potomac River cliffs at Stratford Hall, Westmoreland County, Virginia / Robert E. Weems, Lucy E. Edwards, and Bryan Landacre
  • Geology of the Petersburg batholith, eastern Piedmont, Virginia / Brent E. Owens, Mark Carter, and Christopher M. Bailey
  • Geology and the Petersburg Campaign in the American Civil War / Aaron Cross, C. Rick Berquist, Marcie Occhi, Jessi Strand, and Christopher M. Bailey.
Seven chapters explore the diverse geology of Virginia, from its Appalachian highlands to the Atlantic shore.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xi 95 pages
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xiv, 281 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), color maps ; 27 cm
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
viii, 295 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 26 cm.
  • Geochemistry and geophysics of active volcanic lakes: an introduction
  • Acidic lakes
  • Element flux to the environment of the passively degassing crater lake-hosting Kawah Ijen volcano, Indonesia, and implications for estimates of the global volcanic flux
  • New insights into Kawah Ijen's volcanic system from the wet volcano workshop experiment
  • New insights into the Kawah Ijen hydrothermal system from geophysical data
  • Dynamic fluid recycling at Laguna Caliente (Poas, Costa Rica) before and during the 2006-ongoing phreatic eruption cycle (2005-10)
  • HCl degassing from extremely acidic crater lakes: preliminary results from experimental determinations and implications for geochemical monitoring
  • The crater lake of Copahue volcano (Argentina): geochemical and thermal changes between 1995 and 2015
  • The acid crater lake of Taal Volcano, Philippines: hydrogeochemical and hydroacoustic data related to the 2010-11 volcanic unrest
  • The sedimentation of Suminagashi-like floating clay patterns at El Chichon crater lake (Chiapas, Mexico)
  • Neutral lakes
  • Numerical assessment of the potential for future limnic eruptions at lakes Nyos and Monoun, Cameroon, based on regular monitoring data
  • Decreasing removal rate of the dissolved CO2 in Lake Nyos, Cameroon, after the installation of additional degassing pipes
  • Vertical distribution of dissolved CO2 in lakes Nyos and Monoun (Cameroon) as estimated by sound speed in water
  • A new method to determine dissolved CO2 concentration of lakes Nyos and Monoun using the sound speed and electrical conductivity of lake water
  • Decreasing capability of the degassing systems at lakes Nyos and Monoun (Cameroon): a new gas removal system applied to Lake Monoun to prevent a future limnic eruption
  • Rate of siderite precipitation in Lake Nyos, Cameroon
  • The gas membrane sensor (GMS) method: a new analytical approach for real-time gas concentration measurements in volcanic lakes
  • Surface CO2 emission and rising bubble plumes from degassing of crater lakes in Sao Miguel Island, Azores
  • A tale of two lakes: the Newberry Volcano twin crater lakes, Oregon, USA
Volcanoes sometimes host a lake at the Earth's surface. These lakes are the surface expressions of a reservoir, often termed a hydrothermal system, in highly fractured, permeable and porous media where fluids circulate. They can become monitoring targets since they integrate the heat flux discharged by an underlying magma body and condense some volcanic gases. Since they trap volcanic heat and gases, they are excellent tools to provide additional information about the status of a volcano and volcanic lake-related hazards. This Special Publication comes at an exciting time for the volcanic lake community. It brings together scientific papers, which include studies of their structure, hydrogeological modelling, long-term multi-disciplinary monitoring efforts, as well as a number of innovative methods of sampling, data acquisition and in situ and laboratory experiments. Several papers challenge long-established paradigms and introduce new concepts and terminologies. This collection of papers will be a useful reference for researchers dealing with volcanic lakes and more generally with hydrothermal systems, phreatic/hydrothermal eruptions and wet volcanoes.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)