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Book
viii, 168 pages : maps, many color illustrations ; 29 cm.
  • Part 1 - Subduction Zone Earthquake.- Achievement of the Project for Advanced GPS/Acoustic Survey in the Last Four Years.- Interplate-Coupling in and Around the Rupture Area of the 2011 Tohoku-Earthquake (M9.0) Before its Occurrence Based on Terrestrial and Sea-Floor-Geodetic Observations.- Part 2 - Geodetic Observations of the Earthquake Deformation Cycle.- Geodetic and Geomorphic Evaluations of Earthquake Generation Potential of the Northern Sumatran Fault, Indonesia.- Virtual Quake: Statistics, Co-Seismic Deformations and Gravity Changes for Driven Earthquake Fault-Systems.- Dynamic Strain in a South African Gold Mine by the 2011 Tohoku-Earthquake.- Twenty-Two Years of Combined GPS Products for Geophysical Applications and a Decade of Seismogeodesy.- Earthquake Risk on the San Andreas Fault System in Northern California.- Rheological Structure beneath the NE Japan Inferred from Coseismic Strain Anomalies Associated with the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake (Mw9.0).- Paradoxical Vertical Crustal Movement Along the Pacific Coast of Northeast Japan.- Forecasting earthquakes with the Virtual Quake simulator: Regional and fault-partitioned catalogs.- Part 3 - Near Real-Time Warning.- Development and assessment of real-1 time fault model estimation routines in the GEONET real-time processing system.- Buoy Platform Development for Observation of Tsunami and Crustal deformation.- GPS/Acoustic Measurement Using a Multipurpose Moored Buoy System.- Part 4 - Interaction of Earthquakes and Volcanoes.- Pressure Sources of Miyakejima Volcano Estimated From Crustal Deformation.- Part 5 - Natural Hazards.- Application of A10 absolute gravimeter for monitoring land subsidence in Jakarta, Indonesia.- Introduction to the Gravity Database (GALILEO) Compiled by the Geological Survey of Japan.- GPS Tsunami Meter using Satellite Communication System with a Function which Measures Ocean Bottom Crustal Movements.- Ground Deformation in the Kyoto and Osaka Area During Recent 19.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319397672 20170206
These proceedings contain a selection of peer-reviewed papers presented at the International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH), Matsushima, Japan, 22-26 July, 2014. The scientific sessions focused on monitoring temporal and spatial changes in Earth's lithosphere and atmosphere using geodetic satellite systems, high rate GNSS as well as high resolution imaging (InSAR, Lidar). Researchers in various fields of geodesy discussed the role of geodesy in disaster mitigation and how groups with different techniques can collaborate toward such a goal.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319397672 20170206
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
vii, 431 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 28 cm.
  • The 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake and its significance for seismic hazards in eastern North America: overview and synthesis / A. Wright Horton Jr., Martin C. Chapman, and Russell A. Green
  • Magnitude, recurrence interval and near-source ground-motion modeling of the Mineral Virginia earthquake of 23 August, 2011 / Martin C. Chapman
  • Ground-motion site effects from multimethod shear-wave velocity characterization at 16 seismograph stations deployed for aftershocks of the 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake / William J. Stephenson, [and four others]
  • Shear-wave velocity structure and attenuation derived from aftershock data of the 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake / Jennifer Dreiling and Walter D. Mooney
  • Regional seismic wave propagation from the M5.8 23 August 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake / Fred E. Pollitz and Walter D. Mooney
  • Widespread groundwater level offsets caused by the M[subscript w]5.8 Mineral, Virginia earthquake of 23 August, 2011 / John K. Costain
  • Geotechnical aspects in the epicentral region of the 2011 M[subscript w]5.8 Mineral, Virginia earthquake / Russell A. Green [and six others]
  • Residential property damage in the epicentral area of the Mineral, Virginia earthquake of 23 August, 2011 / Matthew J. Heller and Aina M. Carter
  • Overview of the performance of the North Anna nuclear plant station during the 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake and continued seismic evaluations / Yong Li, Gerry L. Stirewalt, and Kamal A. Manoly
  • Ground shaking and structural response of the Washington Monument during the 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake / Donald Wells, [and three others]
  • Behavior and damage of the Washington Monument during the 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake / S. Golnaz Shahidi [and five others]
  • Aftershocks illuminate the 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake causative fault zone and nearby active faults / J. Wright Horton Jr., [and four others]
  • Aftershock imaging using a dense seismometer array (AIDA) after the 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake / Kathy K. Davenport, [and six others]
  • The 2011 Virginia M[subscript w]5.8 earthquake: insights from seismic reflection imaging into the influence of older structures on eastern U.S. seismicity / Thomas L. Pratt, [and four others]
  • Subsurface geologic features of the 2011 central Virginia earthquakes revealed by airborne geophysics / Anjana K. Shah, [and four others]
  • Coulomb stress transfer and modeled permanent vertical surface deformation from the August 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake / Lisa Schleicher Walsh, Laurent G. J. Montési, and Aaron J. Martin
  • Relict paleozoic faults in the epicentral area of the 23 August 2011 central Virginia earthquake: assessing the relationship between preexisting strain and modern seismicity / K. Stephen Hughes, James P. Hibbard, and DeWayne R. Bohnenstiehl
  • Geologic framework and evidence for neotectonism in the epicentral area of the 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake / William C. Burton, [and four others]
  • Geomorphic evidence for persistent cumulative deformation of the Virginia Piedmont in the vicinity of the 23 August 2011 Mineral earthquake / Claudio Berti [and three others]
  • Structural analysis of the original Everona fault excavation and Cenozoic deformation in the Mountain Run fault zone, Central Virginia / Andy R. Bobyarchik
  • Stafford fault system: 120 million year fault movement history of northern Virginia / David S. Powars, [and four others].
"The 2011 Mineral, Virginia, earthquake, the largest to occur in the Appalachian region in more than 100 years, provided new seismologic, engineering, geologic, hydrologic, and geophysical data. This volume makes these results available for geoscientists, engineers, and decision makers interested in understanding earthquakes and seismic hazards in eastern North America and other intraplate settings"-- Provided by publisher.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xv, 346 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
  • Part I. Earthquakes, Deep Time and the Population Explosion: 1. Plate tectonics and why we have earthquakes-- 2. An earthquake primer-- 3. Deep time-- 4. When's the next big one?-- 5. Population explosion and increased earthquake risk to megacities-- Part II. Earthquake Time Bombs: 6. San Francisco Bay Area-- 7. Los Angeles metro area-- 8. Seattle, Portland and Vancouver-- 9. Wellington, New Zealand-- 10. Santiago, Chile-- 11. Prologue in Central China-- 12. Age of Enlightenment and the 1755 Lisbon earthquake-- 13. Jerusalem-- 14. Istanbul-- 15. Tehran-- 16. Kabul-- 17. Earthquakes in the Himalaya-- 18. Myanmar and the Sagaing Fault-- 19. Metro Manila, the Philippines-- 20. Lima, Peru-- 21. Andean earthquakes in Quito and Guayaquil, Ecuador-- 22. Caracas-- 23. Haiti (which lost its gamble), and Jamaica and Cuba (not yet)-- 24. Mexico City-- 25. Central America and the earthquake that brought down a dictator-- 26. East African Rift Valley-- Part III. Summary and Recommendations-- 27. Where do we go from here?-- References-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107085244 20160619
In a media interview in January 2010, scientist Robert Yeats sounded the alarm on Port-au-Prince, Haiti, as an 'earthquake time bomb', a region at critical risk of major seismic activity. One week later, a catastrophic earthquake struck the city, leaving over 100,000 dead and triggering a humanitarian crisis. In this timely study, Yeats sheds new light on other earthquake hotspots around the world and the communities at risk. He examines these seismic threats in the context of recent cultural history, including economic development, national politics and international conflicts. Descriptions of emerging seismic resilience plans from some cities provide a more hopeful picture. Essential reading for policy-makers, infrastructure and emergency planners, scientists, students and anyone living in the shadow of an earthquake, this book raises the alarm so that we can protect our vulnerable cities before it's too late.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107085244 20160619
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xxiv, 403 pages : illustrations, maps ; 27 cm
The author examines natural disasters around the Pacific Rim throughout history together with scientific data context to produce enlightening-and highly readable-entries. * Features approximately 100 alphabetically arranged entries with insights into specific disasters, technology, key geographic features of the area, significant people, cultural beliefs, and more * Includes a general introduction and overview of the geography and tectonic activity in the Pacific Rim countries * Offers both historical and scientific information * Explains complex natural phenomena and scientific concepts using nontechnical language and clear illustrations * Provides relevant cross-references to related topics as well as to articles, books, and websites that offer further information.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781610692960 20160704
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xxiv, 582 p. : ill. (chiefly col.), maps (chiefly col.) ; 24 cm.
Earthquake Hazard, Risk, and Disasters presents the latest scientific developments and reviews of research addressing seismic hazard and seismic risk, including causality rates, impacts on society, preparedness, insurance and mitigation. The current controversies in seismic hazard assessment and earthquake prediction are addressed from different points of view. Basic tools for understanding the seismic risk and to reduce it, like paleoseismology, remote sensing, and engineering are discussed. * Contains contributions from expert seismologists, geologists, engineers and geophysicists selected by a world-renowned editorial board* Presents the latest research on seismic hazard and risk assessment, economic impacts, fatality rates, and earthquake preparedness and mitigation* Includes numerous illustrations, maps, diagrams and tables addressing earthquake risk reduction* Features new insights and reviews of earthquake prediction, forecasting and early warning, as well as basic tools to deal with earthquake risk.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780123948489 20160617
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xii, 237 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
297 pages : illustrations ; 30 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xviii, 136 p., [23] p. of plates : ill. ; 22 cm
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
x, 270 pages : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm.
  • 1. Introduction-- 2. Fundamentals of rock failure physics-- 3. Laboratory-derived constitutive relations for shear failure-- 4. Constitutive laws for earthquake ruptures-- 5. Earthquake generation processes-- 6. Physical scale dependence-- 7. Large earthquake generation cycles and accompanying seismic activity-- References-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107030060 20160611
Despite significant advances in the understanding of earthquake generation processes and derivation of underlying physical laws, controversy remains regarding the constitutive law for earthquake ruptures and how it should be formulated. Laboratory experiments are necessary to obtain high-resolution measurements that allow the physical nature of shear rupture processes to be deduced, and to resolve the controversy. This important book provides a deeper understanding of earthquake processes from nucleation to their dynamic propagation. Its key focus is a deductive approach based on laboratory-derived physical laws and formulae, such as a unifying constitutive law, a constitutive scaling law, and a physical model of shear rupture nucleation. Topics covered include: the fundamentals of rock failure physics, earthquake generation processes, physical scale dependence, and large-earthquake generation cycles. Designed for researchers and professionals in earthquake seismology, rock failure physics, geology and earthquake engineering, it is also a valuable reference for graduate students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107030060 20160611
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Map
1 map : col. ; 71 x 112 cm, on sheet 90 x 118 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
255 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
People have weeks of warning prior to volcanic eruptions, days of warning before a blizzard, and hours of warning before tornadoes. But there is still no warning system at all for earthquakes, though they have killed millions, and millions more live in constant danger from them. In The Million Death Quake, British Geological Survey seismologist Roger Musson takes us on a riveting journey through earthquakes. After making plain the science behind quakes, he tackles how engineers are fighting to make our cities "earthquake-proof" and seismologists are searching for the sign hidden in nature that could be interpreted as a warning. Highlighting hotspots around the world from Bucharest to the Azores, and with the massive Haiti & Japan earthquakes still in recent memory, this is a fascinating exploration of the strangest and most violent of natural disasters.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780230119413 20160609
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xiv, 303 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
  • Preface -- 1. The storm after the calm -- 2. Once and future climate -- 3. Nice day for an eruption -- 4. Bouncing back -- 5. Earth in motion -- 6. Water, water, everywhere -- 7. Reawakening the giant -- Selected sources and further reading.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780199592265 20160609
Twenty thousand years ago our planet was an icehouse. Temperatures were down six degrees; ice sheets kilometres thick buried much of Europe and North America and sea levels were 130m lower. The following 15 millennia saw an astonishing transformation as our planet metamorphosed into the temperate world upon which our civilisation has grown and thrived. One of the most dynamic periods in Earth history saw rocketing temperatures melt the great ice sheets like butter on a hot summer's day; feeding torrents of freshwater into ocean basins that rapidly filled to present levels. The removal of the enormous weight of ice at high latitudes caused the crust to bounce back triggering earthquakes in Europe and North America and provoking an unprecedented volcanic outburst in Iceland. A giant submarine landslide off the coast of Norway sent a tsunami crashing onto the Scottish coast while around the margins of the continents the massive load exerted on the crust by soaring sea levels encouraged a widespread seismic and volcanic rejoinder. In many ways, this post-glacial world mirrors that projected to arise as a consequence of unmitigated climate change driven by human activities. Already there are signs that the effects of climbing global temperatures are causing the sleeping giant to stir once again. Could it be that we are on track to bequeath to our children and their children not only a far hotter world, but also a more geologically fractious one?
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780199592265 20160609
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
viii, 341 p. : col. ill., maps (some col.) ; 26 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xii, 431 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. ; 25 cm.
On January 12, 2010 a massive earthquake laid waste to Port-au-Prince, Haiti, killing hundreds of thousands of people. Within three days, Dr. Paul Farmer arrived in the Haitian capital, along with a team of volunteers, to lend his services to the injured. In this vivid narrative, Farmer describes the incredible sufferingand resiliencethat he encountered in Haiti. Having worked in the country for nearly thirty years, he skillfully explores the social issues that made Haiti so vulnerable to the earthquakethe very issues that make it an unnatural disaster. Complementing his account are stories from other doctors, volunteers, and earthquake survivors. Haiti After the Earthquake will both inform and inspire readers to stand with the Haitian people against the profound economic and social injustices that formed the fault line for this disaster.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781586489731 20160615
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
ii, 77 p. : col. ill. , col. maps ; 28 cm. + 1 CD-ROM (4 3/4 in.)
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
x, 84 p. : col. ill., col. maps ; 28 cm. + 3 maps.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
1 DVD-ROM : col. ill., col. maps ; 4 3/4 in.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Map
1 atlas (xx, 244 p.) : col. ill., col. maps ; 29 cm.
  • Remote Sensing Data Geological Disasters Barrier Lakes Collapsed Buildings and Houses Damaged Roads Destroyed Farmlands and Forests Demolished Infrastructure Continuing Civilization.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
On May 12, 2008, Wenchuan County in Sichuan suffered an earthquake of 8.0 on the Richter Scale, causing devastating loss of human life and property. What added to the horror was the breakdown in communications that occurred when the first tremor hit. Applying all the remote sensing technology available, the Chinese Academy of Sciences immediately launched into action, making full use of its state-of-the-art facilities, remote sensing planes, and satellites to amass invaluable optical and radar data. Translated into English for the first time, "The Atlas of Remote Sensing of the Wenchuan Earthquake" presents a pictorial summation of this unique project. It chronicles the event with over 280 before and after color images from a range of perspectives, including geological and infrastructural. This volume dramatically demonstrates the value of remote sensing for understanding how an earthquake unfolds and its potential in helping coordinate emergency relief.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
x, 394 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xxiii, 432 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. (some col.), maps (some col.) ; 27 cm.
  • Preface xi Acknowledgments xv Origins xvii Chapter 1: Deformation, Stress, and Conservation Laws 1 1.1 Strain 2 1.1.1 Strains in Curvilinear Coordinates 7 1.2 Rotation 9 1.3 Stress 13 1.4 Coordinate Transformations 16 1.5 Principal Strains and Stresses 18 1.6 Compatibility Equations 21 1.7 Conservation Laws 21 1.7.1 Equilibrium Equations in Curvilinear Coordinates 24 1.8 Constitutive Laws 24 1.9 Reciprocal Theorem 27 1.10 Problems 28 1.11 References 30 Chapter 2: Dislocation Models of Strike-Slip Faults 32 2.1 Full-Space Solution 32 2.2 Half-Space Solution 37 2.2.1 Coseismic Faulting 38 2.2.2 Interseismic Deformation 39 2.2.3 Postseismic Slip 42 2.3 Distributed Slip 43 2.4 Application to the San Andreas and Other Strike-Slip Faults 44 2.5 Displacement at Depth 47 2.6 Summary and Perspective 49 2.7 Problems 50 2.8 References 50 Chapter 3: Dip-Slip Faults and Dislocations in Three Dimensions 51 3.1 Volterra's Formula 52 3.1.1 Body Force Equivalents andMoment Tensors 54 3.2 Screw Dislocations 59 3.3 Two-Dimensional Edge Dislocations 60 3.3.1 Dipping Fault 63 3.4 Coseismic Deformation Associated with Dipping Faults 67 3.5 Displacements and Stresses Due to Edge Dislocation at Depth 71 3.6 Dislocations in Three Dimensions 75 3.6.1 Full-Space Green's Functions 75 3.6.2 Half-Space Green's Functions 77 3.6.3 Point-Source Dislocations 78 3.6.4 Finite Rectangular Dislocations 80 3.6.5 Examples 82 3.6.6 Distributed Slip 84 3.7 Strain Energy Change Due to Faulting 86 3.8 Summary and Perspective 87 3.9 Problems 87 3.10 References 90 Chapter 4: Crack Models of Faults 92 4.1 Boundary Integral Method 92 4.1.1 Inversion of the Integral Equation 97 4.2 Displacement on the Earth's Surface 98 4.3 A Brief Introduction to Fracture Mechanics 99 4.4 Nonsingular Stress Distributions 105 4.5 Comparison of Slip Distributions and Surface Displacements 107 4.6 Boundary ElementMethods 110 4.7 Fourier TransformMethods 111 4.8 Some Three-Dimensional Crack Results 113 4.9 Summary and Perspective 114 4.10 Problems 115 4.11 References 117 Chapter 5: Elastic Heterogeneity 118 5.1 Long Strike-Slip Fault Bounding Two Media 118 5.2 Strike-Slip Fault within a Compliant Fault Zone 120 5.3 Strike-Slip Fault beneath a Layer 125 5.4 Strike-Slip within a Layer over Half-Space 129 5.5 Propagator Matrix Methods 131 5.5.1 The Propagator Matrix for Antiplane Deformation 135 5.5.2 Vertical Fault in a Homogeneous Half-Space 136 5.5.3 Vertical Fault within Half-Space beneath a Layer 138 5.5.4 Vertical Fault in Layer over Half-Space 139 5.5.5 General Solution for an Arbitrary Number of Layers 141 5.5.6 Displacements and Stresses at Depth 143 5.5.7 PropagatorMethods for Plane Strain 143 5.6 Propagator Solutions in Three Dimensions 150 5.7 Approximate Solutions for Arbitrary Variations in Properties 154 5.7.1 Variations in Shear Modulus 157 5.7.2 Screw Dislocation 158 5.7.3 Edge Dislocation 159 5.8 Summary and Perspective 159 5.9 Problems 162 5.10 References 164 Chapter 6: Postseismic Relaxation 166 6.1 Elastic Layer over Viscous Channel 169 6.2 Viscoelasticity 172 6.2.1 Correspondence Principle 175 6.3 Strike-Slip Fault in an Elastic Plate Overlying a Viscoelastic Half-Space 176 6.3.1 Stress in Plate and Half-Space 181 6.4 Strike-Slip Fault in Elastic Layer Overlying a Viscoelastic Channel 182 6.5 Dip-Slip Faulting 187 6.5.1 Examples 190 6.6 Three-Dimensional Calculations 191 6.7 Summary and Perspective 193 6.8 Problems 197 6.9 References 198 Chapter 7: Volcano Deformation 200 7.1 Spherical Magma Chamber 203 7.1.1 Center of Dilatation 208 7.1.2 Volume of the Uplift, Magma Chamber, and Magma 212 7.2 EllipsoidalMagma Chambers 214 7.3 Magmatic Pipes and Conduits 225 7.4 Dikes and Sills 229 7.4.1 Crack Models of Dikes and Sills 231 7.4.2 Surface Fracturing and Dike Intrusion 236 7.5 Other Magma Chamber Geometries 237 7.6 Viscoelastic Relaxation around Magma Chambers 240 7.7 Summary and Perspective 248 7.8 Problems 249 7.9 References 252 Chapter 8: Topography and Earth Curvature 255 8.1 Scaling Considerations 259 8.2 Implementation Considerations 260 8.3 Center of Dilatation beneath a Volcano 260 8.4 Earth's Sphericity 261 8.5 Summary and Perspective 263 8.6 Problems 265 8.7 References 265 Chapter 9: Gravitational Effects 267 9.1 Nondimensional Formof Equilibrium Equations 270 9.2 Inclusion in Propagator Matrix Formulation 273 9.3 Surface Gravity Approximation 275 9.4 Gravitational Effects in Viscoelastic Solutions 276 9.4.1 Incompressible Half-Space 277 9.4.2 No-Buoyancy Approximation 278 9.4.3 Wang Approach 279 9.4.4 Comparison of Different Viscoelastic Models 280 9.4.5 Relaxed Viscoelastic Response 282 9.5 Changes in Gravity Induced by Deformation 283 9.5.1 Gravity Changes and Volcano Deformation 289 9.5.2 An Example from Long Valley Caldera, California 292 9.6 Summary and Perspective 292 9.7 Problems 294 9.8 References 295 Chapter 10: Poroelastic Effects 297 10.1 Constitutive Laws 300 10.1.1 Macroscopic Description 300 10.1.2 Micromechanical Description 303 10.2 Field Equations 305 10.3 Analogy to Thermoelasticity 308 10.4 One-Dimensional Deformation 309 10.4.1 Step Load on the Free Surface 310 10.4.2 Time-Varying Fluid Load on the Free Surface 312 10.5 Dislocations in Two Dimensions 313 10.6 Inflating Magma Chamber in a Poroelastic Half-Plane 315 10.7 Cumulative Poroelastic Deformation in Three Dimensions 321 10.8 Specified Pore Pressure Change 324 10.9 Summary and Perspective 328 10.10 Problems 329 10.11 References 330 Chapter 11: Fault Friction 332 11.1 Slip-Weakening Friction 333 11.2 Velocity-Weakening Friction 335 11.3 Rate and State Friction 336 11.3.1 Linearized Stability Analysis 344 11.4 Implications for Earthquake Nucleation 347 11.5 Nonlinear Stability Analysis 357 11.6 Afterslip 360 11.7 Transient Slip Events 366 11.8 Summary and Perspective 367 11.9 Problems 368 11.10 References 369 Chapter 12: Interseismic Deformation and Plate Boundary Cycle Models 372 12.1 Elastic Dislocation Models 372 12.1.1 Dip-Slip Faults 373 12.2 Plate Motions 376 12.3 Elastic BlockModels 378 12.4 Viscoelastic CycleModels 380 12.4.1 Viscoelastic Strike-Slip Earthquake Cycle Models 380 12.4.2 Comparison to Data from San Andreas Fault 386 12.4.3 Viscoelastic Models with Stress-Driven Deep-Fault Creep 389 12.4.4 Viscoelastic CycleModels for Dipping Faults 394 12.5 Rate-State Friction Earthquake CycleModels 407 12.6 Summary and Perspective 409 12.7 Problems 412 12.8 References 413 APPENDIX A: Integral Transforms 415 A.1 Fourier Transforms 415 A.2 Laplace Transforms 416 A.3 References 419 APPENDIX B: A Solution of the Diffusion Equation 420 APPENDIX C: Displacements Due to Crack Model of Strike-Slip Fault by Contour Integration 423 Index 425.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691133027 20160603
Earthquake and Volcano Deformation is the first textbook to present the mechanical models of earthquake and volcanic processes, emphasizing earth-surface deformations that can be compared with observations from Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, Interferometric Radar (InSAR), and borehole strain- and tiltmeters. Paul Segall provides the physical and mathematical fundamentals for the models used to interpret deformation measurements near active faults and volcanic centers. Segall highlights analytical methods of continuum mechanics applied to problems of active crustal deformation. Topics include elastic dislocation theory in homogeneous and layered half-spaces, crack models of faults and planar intrusions, elastic fields due to pressurized spherical and ellipsoidal magma chambers, time-dependent deformation resulting from faulting in an elastic layer overlying a viscoelastic half-space and related earthquake cycle models, poroelastic effects due to faulting and magma chamber inflation in a fluid-saturated crust, and the effects of gravity on deformation. He also explains changes in the gravitational field due to faulting and magmatic intrusion, effects of irregular surface topography and earth curvature, and modern concepts in rate- and state-dependent fault friction. This textbook presents sample calculations and compares model predictions against field data from seismic and volcanic settings from around the world. Earthquake and Volcano Deformation requires working knowledge of stress and strain, and advanced calculus. It is appropriate for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in geophysics, geology, and engineering. Professors: A supplementary Instructor's Manual is available for this book. It is restricted to teachers using the text in courses. For information on how to obtain a copy, refer to: http://press.princeton.edu/class_use/solutions.html.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691133027 20160603
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)