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ix, 196 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 29 cm.
  • Part I: Bioenergy and Land Use Change 1 Bioenergy and Land Use Change: An OverviewPankaj Lal, Aditi Ranjan, Bernabas Wolde, Pralhad Burli, Renata Blumberg 2 An Exploration of Agricultural Land Use Change at the Intensive and Extensive Margins: Implications for Biofuels Induced Land Use Change ModelingFarzad Taheripour, Hao Cui, Wallace E. Tyner 3 Effects of Sugarcane Ethanol Expansion in The Brazilian Cerrado: Land Use Response in the New FrontierMarcellus M. Caldas, Gabriel Granco, Christopher Bishop, Jude Kastens, J. Brown 4 Biofuel Expansion and the Spatial Economy: Implications for the Amazon Basin in the 21st CenturyEugenio Y. Arima, Peter Richards, Robert T. Walker Part II: Impacts on Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services 5 Towards Life Cycle Analysis on Land Use Change and Climate Impacts from Bioenergy Production: A ReviewZhangcai Qin, Christina E Canter, Hao Cai 6 Bio-energies Impact on Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services Compared to Other Energy TechnologiesAstley Hastings 7 Empirical Evidence of Soil Carbon Changes in Bioenergy Cropping SystemsMarty Schmer, Kathleen Stewart, Virginia Jin 8 Role of crop residues in maintaining soil organic carbon in agroecosystemsDavid E. Clay, Umakant Mishra 9 Incorporating Conservation Practices into the Future Bioenergy Landscape: Water Quality and HydrologyMay Wu, Mi-Ae Ha Part III: Data, Modeling and Uncertainties 10 Uncertainty in Estimates of Bioenergy-induced Land-use Change: The Impact of Inconsistent Land-cover DatasetsNagendra Singh, Keith Kline, Rebecca Efroymson, Budhendra Bhaduri, Bridget O Banion 11 Challenges in Quantifying and Regulating Indirect Emissions of BiofuelsDeepak Rajagopal 12 Biofuels, Land Use Change, and the Limits of Life Cycle AnalysisRichard. J. Plevin 13 Lost Momentum of Biofuels: What Went Wrong?Govinda Timilsina.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119297345 20180213
Although bioenergy is a renewable energy source, it is not without impact on the environment. Both the cultivation of crops specifically for use as biofuels and the use of agricultural byproducts to generate energy changes the landscape, affects ecosystems, and impacts the climate. Bioenergy and Land Use Change focuses on regional and global assessments of land use change related to bioenergy and the environmental impacts. This interdisciplinary volume provides both high level reviews and in-depth analyses on specific topics. Volume highlights include: Land use change concepts, economics, and modeling Relationships between bioenergy and land use change Impacts on soil carbon, soil health, water quality, and the hydrologic cycle Impacts on natural capital and ecosystem services Effects of bioenergy on direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions Biogeochemical and biogeophysical climate regulation Uncertainties and challenges associated with land use change quantification and environmental impact assessments Bioenergy and Land Use Change is a valuable resource for professionals, researchers, and graduate students from a wide variety of fields including energy, economics, ecology, geography, agricultural science, geoscience, and environmental science. Read an interview with the editors to find out more: https://eos.org/editors-vox/bioenergys-impacts-on-the-landscape.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119297345 20180213
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xxiv, 213 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
  • Preface 1. Climate Change and International Relations: Empirical and Theoretical Assessment 1.1 Introduction 1.2 The Aggravation of the Climate Crisis: Temperature Rise, Extreme Weather Events, Renewable Revolution and, the Emerging of the Geoengineering Option 1.3 The Paris Accord and the Rise of Climate Powers 1.4 The Climate Commitment Approach (CCA) 1.5 The Drivers of Climate Commitment 1.6 Final Considerations 2. Brazil in the International System: Underachieving (Environmental) Power and the Leadership Myth 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Brazil in the Global Carbon Cycle and the Planetary Boundaries 2.3 Brazil in the International System: Economy, Democracy, and Foreign Policy 2.4 Final Considerations 3. The Beginning: Brazil, the Climate Villain 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Emission Profile 1: Giant Irrational Deforestation 3.3 Domestic Climate Policy Profile 1: The Lack of Actions 3.4 Foreign Climate Policy Profile 1: A World Divided by Income: The Brazilian Contribution to the Climate Convention? (1992-2005) 3.5 Final Considerations: Low Climate Commitment, Amazon Disorders, and Strong Conservative Forces 4. The Rising: Brazil, the Developing Climate Leader? 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Emission Profile 2: Deforestation Control and Drastic Declining 4.3 Domestic Climate Policy Profile 2: Rapid and Intense Change 4.4 Foreign Climate Policy Profile 2: The Transition to Moderation and Activism 4.5 The Forces Behind Brazilian Climate Activism 4.6 Final Considerations: Medium Climate Commitment, Overcoming the Amazon Disorders, and the Rise of Reformist Forces 5. The Decline: Brazil, the Climate Negligent 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Emission Profile 3: The Return of High Emissions 5.3 Domestic Climate Policy Profile 3: Stagnation and Retraction 5.4 Foreign Climate Policy Profile 3: The Conservative Set-Back 5.5 The Drivers of the Decline 5.6 The Temer's Administration: New Economic Policy, Old Conservative Persistence 5.7 Final Considerations: Low Climate Commitment, Amazon Neglect, and the Rise of Conservative Forces 6. The Future: Brazil and the Bases for a True Environmental/Climate Leadership 6.1 Summarizing the Three Periods 6.2 The Future of Climate Commitment in Brazil: Dealing with the Amazon Neglect 6.3 The Drivers of Climate Commitment in the Coming Years 6.4 The Bases for a True Brazilian Climate Leadership: Democracy, Economy, and International Insertion.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138106253 20180115
  • Preface 1. Climate Change and International Relations: Empirical and Theoretical Assessment 2. Brazil in the International System: Underachieving (Environmental) Power and the Leadership Myth 3. The Beginning: Brazil, the Climate Villain 4. The Rising: Brazil, the Developing Climate Leader? 5. The Decline: Brazil, the Climate Negligent 6. The Future: Brazil and the Bases for a True Environmental/Climate Leadership.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138106246 20180115
Climate change is increasingly a part of the human experience. As the problem worsens, the cooperative dilemma that the issue carries has become evident: climate change is a complex problem that systematically gets insufficient answers from the international system. This book offers an assessment of Brazil's role in the global political economy of climate change. The authors, Eduardo Viola and Matias Franchini expertly review and answer the most common and widely cited questions on whether and in which way Brazil is aggravating or mitigating the climate crisis, including:ã Is it the benign, cooperative, environmental power that the Brazilian government claims it is? Why was it possible to dramatically reduce deforestation in the Amazon (2005-2010) and, more recently, was there a partial reversion?ã The book provides an accessible-and much needed-introduction to all those studying the challenges of the international system in the Anthropocene. Through a thorough analysis of Brazil in perspective vis a vis other emerging countries, this book provides an engaging introduction and up to date assessment of the climate reality of Brazil and a framework to analyze the climate performance of major economies, both on emission trajectory and policy profile: the climate commitment approach. Brazil and Climate Change is essential reading for all students of Environmental Studies, Latin American Studies, International Relations and Comparative Politics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138106253 20180115
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
vi, 475 pages : maps (some color), illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xix, 317 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Trends in Temperature for the Himalayan Environment of Leh (Jammu and Kashmir), India, by Rohitashw Kumar.- 2. Changes in Sunshine Duration in Humid Environments of Agartala (Tripura), India, by D. Jhajharia.- 3. Application of Multiple Linear Regression as Downscaling Methodology for Lower Godavari Basin, by Gayam Akshara.- 4. Statistical Downscaling of Minimum Temperature of Raipur (C.G.) India, by R.K. Jaiswal.- 5. Statistical Downscaling of Daily Temperature and Precipitation Data from Coupled Model Inter-Comparison Project 5 (CMIP5)-RCPs Experiment: In Weyib River Basin, Southeastern Ethiopia, by Abdulkerim Bedewi Serur.- 6. Global Climate Pattern Behind Hydrological Extremes in Central India, by Kironmala Chanda.- 7. Changes in ENSO and IOD Effects on the Extreme Rainfall of Hyderabad City, India, by V. Agilan.- 8. Detecting Changes in Regional Rainfall Series in India using Binary Segmentation based Multiple Change-pointDetection Techniques, by Shagufta Akbari.- 9. Analyzing Non-stationarity in the Hyderabad City Rainfall Intensity-Duration-Frequency Curves, by V. Agilan.- 10. Development of Finer Resolution Rainfall Scenario for Kangsabati Catchment and Command, by P. M. Dhage.- 11. Investigation of the Relationship Between Natural Aerosols and Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall Using a Climate Model, by Charu Singh.- 12. Change Point Analysis of Air Temperature in India, by Chithra N R. 13. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Sewage Treatment Plants Based on Sequential Batch Reactor in Maharashtra, by Vipin Singh.- 14. Study of Climate Change in Uttarakhand Himalayas: Changing Patterns of Historical Rainfall, by Archana Sarkar.- 15. The Impact of Climate Change on Rainfall Variability: A Study in Central Himalayas, by L. N. Thakural.- 16. Estimation of Changes in Annual Peak Flows in Netravathi River Basin, Karnataka, India by Fasnamol T M.- 17. Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources in Semi-Arid Region of Chittorgarh, India, by Ajit Pratap Singh.- 18. Water Availability under Changing Climate Scenario in Ur River Basin, by Thomas T..- 19. Water Sustainability Assessment Under Climatic Uncertainty- A Case Study of Chhattisgarh (India), by Surendra Kumar Chandniha.- 20. Coupling of Tennant concept with Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) for the prediction of environmental flow condition from rainfall in Upper Narmada basin, by Kumar Amrit.- 21. Assessment of Drought in Balangir District of Odisha, India Using Drought Indices, by A. Sudarsan Rao.- 22. Impact Of Hfc Fire Extinguishing Clean Agents On Climate Change And Its System Design Requirements For Fire Hazards In India- A Brief Study.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811057137 20180122
This book comprises the select proceedings of the International Conference on Water, Environment, Energy and Society. The book is divided into four parts. Part I deals with some aspects of climatic characteristics ranging from changes in temperature and sunshine hours to downscaling to global climate patterns and effects of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) on extreme rainfall. Part II covers rainfall analysis, including changes in regional rainfall series, analysis of non-stationarity, summer monsoon and rainfall scenarios. Impacts of climate change are treated in Part III. Change point analysis, greenhouse gas emissions, rainfall variability, water resources variability, and water resources sustainability are discussed in this part. The concluding Part IV is on low flow and drought. It deals with the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) concept and assessment of drought. This book is of interest to researchers and practitioners in the field of water resources, hydrology, environmental resources, agricultural engineering, watershed management, and earth sciences, as well as those engaged in natural resources planning and management. Graduate students and those wishing to conduct further research in water and environment and their development and management find the book to be of value.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811057137 20180122
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
vi, 255 pages : maps (some color), illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
244 pages : maps (some color) ; 24 cm.
  • Chapter 1: Extreme weather around the world
  • 1. The global links between extreme weather and climate change / Daniel Huber and Jay Gulledge
  • 2. The Atlantic Ocean brings a wave of climate change / The United Nations Environment Programme
  • #g 3. Climate change and global warming 101 / Anup Shah
  • 4. Costal resliience is key for the US and the World / Erin A. Thead
  • 5. In the US hurricanes are a harbinger of climate change / John McQuaid
  • 6. Weird weather around the world is cause for alarm / Christine Ottery
  • Chapter 2: The effects of extreme weather
  • 1. Climate has an impact global health / US Environmental Protection Agency
  • 2. Animal populations are affected by climate upheaval / Juan Lubroth
  • 3. In Eastern Africa, climate change affects food security / International Federation of Red Cross and Red Cresent Societies
  • 4. Extreme weather may lead to extreme hunger / Physicians for Social Responsibility
  • Chapter 3: Extreme weather and global warming
  • 1. Global warming is man-made, not myth / Donald R. Prothero
  • 2. Is global warming really that bad? / Melissa Denchak
  • 3. How much of the world is responsibile for global warming? / Anup Shah
  • 4. In Southeast Asia, cutting greenhouse gases is vital to survival / Murray Hiebert
  • 5. Whose fault is climate change? / Frank Thomas
  • Chapter 4: Coping with extreme weather
  • 1. How various countries are tracking climate change / NPR News Staff
  • 2. Sustainable development can combat global disaster / Tom R. Burns and Nora Machado Des Johansson
  • 3. Preventing further climate upheaval isn't just the government's domain / Bonizella Biagini and Alan Miller
  • 4. Europe must adapt to climate change / European Environment Agency
  • Periodical and internet sources bibliography
  • For further discussion
  • Organizations to contact
  • Bibliography of books.
In the wake of every killer hurricane, devastating wild fire, severe drought, or once-in-a-century flooding event, it has become commonplace for scientists, politicians, and ordinary citizens to debate whether or not these severe weather events can be tied directly to climate change and global warming. The scientific consensus generally indicates that we are beginning to see upticks in extreme weather due to warming and the resulting shift in weather patterns. Certain politicians, business interests, and energy executives, however, forcefully reject such connections as unproven and speculative. Where does the truth lie? This anthology collects the strongest viewpoints from across the ideological spectrum and the globe and allows readers to evaluate the arguments and evidence for themselves before forming an educated opinion. Bibliography, Detailed Table of Contents, Further Information Section, Index, Maps, Primary Sources, Sidebars, Websites.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
208 pages : illustrations (chiefly colour), maps (chiefly colour) ; 26 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xx, 339 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
  • Introduction : Toward a multiplanet species
  • Part I. Leaving the Earth. Preparing for liftoff
  • New golden age of space travel
  • Mining the heavens
  • Mars or bust
  • Mars : The garden planet
  • Gas giants, comets, and beyond
  • Part II. Voyage to the stars. Robots in space
  • Building a starship
  • Kepler and a universe of planets
  • Part III. Life in the universe. Immortality
  • Transhumanism and technology
  • Search for extraterrestrial life
  • Advanced civilizations
  • Leaving the universe.
"Formerly the domain of fiction, moving human civilization to the stars is increasingly becoming a scientific possibility--and a necessity. Whether in the near future due to climate change and the depletion of finite resources, or in the distant future due to catastrophic cosmological events, we must face the reality that humans will one day need to leave planet Earth to survive as a species. World-renowned physicist and futurist Michio Kaku explores in rich, intimate detail the process by which humanity may gradually move away from the planet and develop a sustainable civilization in outer space. He reveals how cutting-edge developments in robotics, nanotechnology, and biotechnology may allow us to terraform and build habitable cities on Mars. He then takes us beyond the solar system to nearby stars, which may soon be reached by nanoships traveling on laser beams at near the speed of light. Finally, he brings us beyond our galaxy, and even beyond our universe, to the possibility of immortality, showing us how humans may someday be able to leave our bodies entirely and laser port to new havens in space. With irrepressible enthusiasm and wonder, Dr. Kaku takes readers on a fascinating journey to a future in which humanity may finally fulfill its long-awaited destiny among the stars"-- Provided by publisher.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
vi, 209 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 28 cm.
  • Preface / Annette Summers Engel and Robert D. Hatcher Jr.
  • 1. Steaming through the Ordovician, Knoxville, Tennessee / C. Howard Capito, Stephanie Drumheller, and Robert D. Hatcher Jr.
  • 2. Lessons from limestone : how to teach all sciences with limestone / Michael A. Gibson and Don W. Byerly
  • 3. Karst hydrogeology of Tuckaleechee Cove and the western Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee and North Carolina / Benjamin V. Miller, Michael W. Bradley, and Teresa L. Brown
  • 4. Nutrient hotspots through time : a field guide to modern and fossil taphonomy in east Tennessee / Sarah W. Keenan, Christopher Widga, Jennifer M. DeBruyn, and Sean M. Schaeffer
  • 5. Revisiting the Flynn Creek impact structure, Jackson County, Tennessee / Steven J. Jaret and David T. King Jr.
  • 6. Quaternary faulting along the Dandridge-Vonore fault zone in the Eastern Tennessee seismic zone / R.T. Cox, R.D. Hatcher Jr., R. Counts, E. Gamble, J. Glasbrenner, and K. Warrell
  • 7. Mesoscale faults, macroscale folds, and inferred basement structures, Nashville dome, central Tennessee / Mark Abolins, Rachel Bush, Amber Han, and Albert Ogden
  • 8. Evolution of the Blue Ridge basement complex in the eastern Great Smoky Mountains : evidence from zircon U-Pb geochronology and Nd-Pb isotope geochemistry of basement gneisses / D.P. Moecher, E.D. Anderson, D.F. Loughry Jr., R.J. Quinn, E.A. Larkin, K.B. Walsh, S.D. Samson, A.M. Satkoski, and E. Tohver
  • 9. Blue-Ridge-Inner Piedmont geotraverse from the Great Smoky fault to the Inner Piedmont : upper crust to upper-lower crust, terranes, large faults, and sutures / Arthur J. Merschat, Robert D. Hatcher, Jr., J. Ryan Thigpen, and Elizabeth A. McClellan.
"The chapters in this guidebook are organized according to major geologic themes, starting first with field trips in the Knoxville area that highlight, in some way, local carbonates, and then by ending with field trips focused on regional tectonics that include travel to North and South Carolina and Georgia"-- Provided by publisher.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xviii, 153 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (chiefly color) ; 27 cm
  • Introduction
  • About the Keys : processes I
  • Results of data gathering and mapmaking : processes II
  • Major geomorphic topographies
  • Western terminus of the reef tract
  • Coral health, or lack thereof
  • Key limes, hands on : see it in person
  • Epilogue : the future for reefs and research in the Florida Keys.
Two world-class geologists draw on their prolific fifty-year careers in this comprehensive guide to the geology and biology of the Florida Keys and Florida Bay.Eugene Shinn and Barbara Lidz dive into the past, present, and future of an area that has long been a natural laboratory for learning about coral reef formation and the origins of limestone. They explain how underlying Pleistocene topography controls the shapes of today's coral reefs, how sea level rise created Florida Bay, and how hurricanes mold lime-mud banks and strip vegetation from the Florida Keys. They discuss the recent decline of coral reefs due to overpopulation, pollution, climate change, and other factors. The book even includes an itinerary for a hands-on three-day field trip, guiding visitors to the best places to see the famous reef formations and geologic processes of the Keys.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780813056517 20180409
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
x, 364 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (chiefly color) ; 29 cm.
  • Part 1 - Geodetic Reference Systems and Frames.- Simulation of VLBI observations to determine a global TRF for GGOS.- The Assessment of the Temporal Evolution of Space Geodetic Terrestrial Reference Frames.- Analysis strategies for the densification of the ICRF with VLBA Calibrator Survey sources.- Towards the Definition and Realization of a Global Absolute Gravity Reference System.- Part 2 - Static Gravity Field Observations and Modelling.- The linearized fixed gravimetric boundary value problem and its solution in spheroidal approximation.- On the convergence of the h-p finite element method for solving boundary value problems in physical geodesy.- Domain Transformation and the Iteration Solution of the Linear Gravimetric Boundary Value Problem.- A New Argentinean Gravimetric Geoid Model - GEOIDEAR.- Exploitation of marine gravity measurements in the validation of global gravity field models.- Traceability of the Hannover FG5X-220 to the SI units.- Evaluation of Robert Sterneck's historical gravity pendulum measurements in the Czech territory.- Part 3 - Detection and Modelling of Gravity Field Variations.- Ground-satellite comparisons of time variable gravity: results, issues and on-going projects for the null test in arid regions.- Impact of groundtrack pattern of double pair missions on the gravity recovery quality - Lessons from the ESA SC4MGV project.- A posterior de-aliasing of ocean tide error in future double-pair satellite gravity missions.- A method of airborne gravimetry by combining strapdown inertial and new satellite observations via dynamic networks.- Hybrid gravimetry as a tool to monitor surface and underground mass changes.- Tidal spectroscopy from a long record of superconducting gravimeters in Strasbourg (France).- Investigations of a suspected jump in Swedish repeated absolute gravity time series.- Part 4 - Earth Rotation and Geodynamics.- Detailed analysis of diurnal tides and associated space nutation in the search of the Free Inner Core Nutation resonance.- Chandler wobble and frequency dependency of the ratio between gravity variation and vertical displacement for a simple Earth model with Maxwell or Burgers rheologies.- Detection of the atmospheric S1 tide in VLBI polar motion time series.- Free Core Nutation parameters from hydrostatic long-base tiltmeter records in Sainte Croix aux Mines (France).- Numerical Issues in Space-Geodetic Data Analysis and their Impact on Earth Orientation Parameter.- A non-tidal atmospheric loading model: On its quality and impacts on orbit determination and C20 from SLR.- Effects of meteorological input data on the VLBI station coordinates, network scale, and EOP.- History of monitoring Earth orientation, and re-analyses of old data.- Part 5 - Advances in GNSS Technologies, Data Processing, and Applications.- Multi-GNSS PPP-RTK: mixed-receiver network and user scenarios.- A New Method for Real-Time PPP Correction Updates.- Towards reliable and precise BeiDou positioning with stochastic modelling.- PPP carrier phase residual stacking for turbulence investigations.- On Removing Discrepancies Between Local Ties and GPS-Based Coordinates.- Receiver Antenna Phase Center Models and Their Impact on Geodetic Parameters.- Singular spectrum analysis for modeling geodetic time series.- Impact of Limited Satellite Visibility on Estimates of Vertical Land Movements.- Noise filtering augmentation of the Helmert transformation for the mapping of GNSS derived position time series to a target frame.- Part 6 - Geodetic Modelling of Atmospheric Variables.- Assessing GPS + Galileo Precise Point Positioning Capability for Integrated Water Vapor Estimation.- Atmospheric perceptible water in Somma-Vesuvius area during extreme weather events from ground-based GPS measurements.- Water vapor radiometer data in very long baseline interferometry data analysis.- Part 7 - Geodetic Monitoring of Surface Deformations.- Land subsidence detected by persistent scatterer interferometry using ALOS/PALSAR data from the Nakagawa lowland in the central Kanto Plain, Japan.- A new velocity field of Greece based on seven years (2008-2014) continuously operating GPS station data.- SPINA Region (South of Iberian Peninsula, North of Africa) GNSS geodynamic model.- Continuous Kinematic GPS Monitoring of a Glacier Lake Outburst Flood.- Water in Central Asia - Reservoir Monitoring with Radar Altimetry along the Naryn and Syr Darya Rivers.- Erratum to: AMethod of Airborne Gravimetry by Combining Strapdown Inertial and New Satellite Observations via Dynamic Networks.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319691695 20180205
This book series is composed of peer-reviewed proceedings of selected symposia organized by the International Association of Geodesy. It deals primarily with topics related to Geodesy Earth Sciences : terrestrial reference frame, Earth gravity field, Geodynamics and Earth rotation, Positioning and engineering applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319691695 20180205
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
278 pages : maps (some color), illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
"This volume covers topics on magma emplacements, petrology and geochemistry, source characteristics, flood basalt-carbonatite linkage, tectonics and geochronology of LIPs [large igneous provinces] distributed in Gondwana continents"--Back cover.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xii, 385 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 29 cm.
  • Contributors vii Preface xi Part I: Chemical Microstructure/Zoning 1 Zircon as Magma Monitor: Robust, Temperature ]Dependent Partition Coefficients from Glass and Zircon Surface and Rim Measurements from Natural SystemsLily L. Claiborne, Calvin F. Miller, Guillherme A. R. Gualda, Tamara L. Carley, Aaron K. Covey, Joseph L. Wooden, and Marc A. Fleming 3 2 Petrology and Geochronology of Metamorphic ZirconMatthew J. Kohn and Nigel M. Kelly 35 3 Origins of Textural, Compositional, and Isotopic Complexity in Monazite and Its Petrochronological AnalysisCallum J. Hetherington, Ethan L. Backus, Christopher R. M. McFarlane, Christopher M. Fisher, and D. Graham Pearson 63 4 Application of Single ]Shot Laser Ablation Split ]Stream Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry to Accessory Phase PetrochronologyJohn M. Cottle and Michael A. Stearns 91 5 Comparing Chemical Microstructures of Some Early Solar System Zircon from Differentiated Asteroids, Mars and EarthJulia Roszjar, Desmond E. Moser, Brendt C. Hyde, Chutimun Chanmuang, and Kimberly Tait 113 6 Crystallization of Baddeleyite in Basaltic Rocks from Mars, and Comparisons with the Earth, Moon, and VestaChristopher D. K. Herd, Desmond E. Moser, Kimberly Tait, James R. Darling, Barry J. Shaulis, and Timothy J. McCoy 137 Part II: Orientation Microstructure 7 Strength and Deformation of Zircon at Crustal and Mantle PressuresIevgeniia Morozova, Sean R. Shieh, Desmond E. Moser, Ivan R. Barker, and John M. Hanchar 169 8 Role of Elastic Anisotropy in the Development of Deformation Microstructures in ZirconNicholas E. Timms, David Healy, Timmons M. Erickson, Alexander A. Nemchin, Mark A. Pearce, and Aaron J. Cavosie 183 9 The Rietputs Formation in South Africa: A Pleistocene Fluvial Archive of Meteorite Impact Unique to the Kaapvaal CratonAaron J. Cavosie, Timmons M. Erickson, Pedro E. Montalvo, Diana C. Prado, Nadja O. Cintron, and Ryan J. Gibbon 203 10 Deciphering the Effects of Zircon Deformation and Recrystallization to Resolve the Age and Heritage of an Archean Mafic Granulite ComplexNicole M. Rayner, Mary Sanborn ]Barrie, and Desmond E. Moser 225 11 Alpha Recoil Loss of Pb from Baddeleyite Evaluated by High ]Resolution Ion Microprobe (SHRIMP II) Depth Profiling and Numerical Modeling: Implications for the Interpretation of U ]Pb Ages in Small Baddeleyite CrystalsWilliam J. Davis and Donald W. Davis 247 12 Transmission Electron Microscope Imaging Sharpens Geochronological Interpretation of Zircon and MonaziteAnne ]Magali Seydoux ]Guillaume, Bernard Bingen, Valerie Bosse, Emilie Janots, and Antonin T. Laurent 261 Part III: 3D Nanostructure 13 Detecting Micro ] and Nanoscale Variations in Element Mobility in High ]Grade Metamorphic Rocks: Implication for Precise U ]Pb Dating of ZirconMonika A. Kusiak, Simon A. Wilde, Richard Wirth, Martin J. Whitehouse, Daniel J. Dunkley, Ian Lyon, Steven M. Reddy, Andrew Berry, and Martin de Jonge 279 14 The Optimization of Zircon Analyses by Laser ]Assisted Atom Probe Microscopy: Insights from the 91500 Zircon StandardDavid W. Saxey, Steven M. Reddy, Denis Fougerouse, and William D. A. Rickard 293 15 Atom Probe Tomography of Phalaborwa Baddeleyite and Reference Zircon BR266David A. Reinhard, Desmond E. Moser, Isabelle Martin, Katherine P. Rice, Yimeng Chen, David Olson, Daniel Lawrence, Ty J. Prosa, and David J. Larson 315 16 Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis for Spatial and Spectral Processing of Pb Isotopes in Zircon by Atom Probe TomographyTyler B. Blum, David A. Reinhard, Yimeng Chen, Ty J. Prosa, David J. Larson, and John W. Valley 327 17 Complex Nanostructures in Shocked, Annealed, and Metamorphosed Baddeleyite Defined by Atom Probe TomographyLee F. White, James R. Darling, Desmond E. Moser, David A. Reinhard, Joseph Dunlop, David J. Larson, Daniel Lawrence, and Isabelle Martin 351 18 Best Practices for Reporting Atom Probe Analysis of Geological MaterialsTyler B. Blum, James R. Darling, Thomas F. Kelly, David J. Larson, Desmond E. Moser, Alberto Perez ]Huerta, Ty J. Prosa, Steven M. Reddy, David A. Reinhard, David W. Saxey, Robert M. Ulfig, and John W. Valley 369 Index 375.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119227243 20180306
Microstructural Geochronology Geochronology techniques enable the study of geological evolution and environmental change over time. This volume integrates two aspects of geochronology: one based on classical methods of orientation and spatial patterns, and the other on ratios of radioactive isotopes and their decay products. The chapters illustrate how material science techniques are taking this field to the atomic scale, enabling us to image the chemical and structural record of mineral lattice growth and deformation, and sometimes the patterns of radioactive parent and daughter atoms themselves, to generate a microstructural geochronology from some of the most resilient materials in the solar system. First compilation of research focusing on the crystal structure, material properties, and chemical zoning of the geochronology mineral archive down to nanoscaleNovel comparisons of mineral time archives from different rocky planets and asteroids and their shock metamorphic historiesFundamentals on how to reconstruct and date radiogenic isotope distributions using atom probe tomography Microstructural Geochronology will be a valuable resource for graduate students, academics, and researchers in the fields of petrology, geochronology, mineralogy, geochemistry, planetary geology, astrobiology, chemistry, and material science. It will also appeal to philosophers and historians of science from other disciplines.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119227243 20180306
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xi, 212 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 27 cm
  • 1. Introduction. 2.Historical views. 3.Plate tectonic framework. 4.The Western Mediterranean. 5.The Central Mediterranean: Alps and Apennines. 6.The Carpathians, the Balkans and Turkey. 7.Iran to Pakistan. 8.The India-Asia collision zone. 9. Southeast Asia. 10. The Western Pacific rim: The great belt of mountains forming the circum-Pacific belt includes the volcanic island chains of Indonesia, the Philippines and Japan as well as a large number of island arcs. 11.The North American Cordillera. 12. The Andes to Antarctica. 13.The mid-ocean ridge system: These submerged mountains owe their existence entirely to volcanic processes. Their topography and structure are quite distinct from the continental mountain ranges, giving an insight to the processes whereby the oceans are created. 14. Older mountain ranges: Mountain belts have been a feature of the planet for much of its history, and some geologically recent ones such as the Caledonian and Appalachian belts are still obvious topographic features. Although there is very little or no topographic trace of mountains older than about 500 million years, the geological evidence for their existence is equally valid and offers a view of the different conditions far back in time. Bibliography. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780460666 20180226
Most mountains on Earth occur within relatively well-defined, narrow belts separated by wide expanses of much lower-lying ground. Their distribution is not random but is caused by the now well-understood geological processes of plate tectonics. Some mountains mark the site of a former plate collision - where one continental plate has ridden up over another, resulting in a zone of highly deformed and elevated rocks. Others are essentially volcanic in origin. The most obvious mountain belts today - the Himalayas, the Alps and the Andes, for example - are situated at currently active plate boundaries. Others, such as the Caledonian mountains of the British Isles and Scandinavia, are the product of a plate collision that happened far in the geological past and have no present relationship to a plate boundary. These are much lower, with a generally more gentle relief, worn down through millennia of erosion. The presently active mountain belts are arranged in three separate systems: the Alpine-Himalayan ranges, the circum-Pacific belt and the mid-ocean ridges.Much of the Alpine-Himalayan belt is relatively well known, but large parts of the Circum-Pacific and ocean-ridge systems are not nearly as familiar, but contain equally impressive mountain ranges despite large parts being partly or wholly submerged. This book takes the reader along the active mountain systems explaining how plate tectonic processes have shaped them, then looks more briefly at some of the older mountain systems whose tectonic origins are more obscure. It will interest and inform both amateur and professional geologists who wish to learn more about the world's great mountain systems.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780460666 20180226
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
238 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
  • New perspectives on pterosaur palaeobiology / D. W. W. Hone, M. P. Witton & D. M. Martill
  • Pterosaurs in Mesozoic food webs: a review of fossil evidence / M. P. Witton
  • Using three-dimensional, digital models of pterosaur skulls for the investigation of their relative bite forces and feeding styles / D. M. Henderson
  • Pelvic musculature of Vectidraco daisymorrisae and consequences for pterosaur locomotion / R. A. Frigot
  • Inferring the properties of the pterosaur wing membrane / C. Palmer
  • Waves of bone deposition on the rostrum of the pterosaur Pteranodon / S. C. Bennett & P. Penkalski
  • Neonate morphonology and development in pterosaurs: evidence from a Ctenochasmatid embryo from the Early Cretaceous of Argentina / L. Codorniu, L. Chiappe & D. Rivarola
  • Short note on a new anurognathid pterosaur with evidence of perching behaviour from Jianchang of Liaoning Province, China / J. Lu, Q. Meng, B.Wang, D. Liu, C. Shen & Y. Zhang
  • Pterosaur material from the uppermost Jurassic of the uppermost Morrison Formation, Breakfast Bench Facies, Como Bluff, Wyoming, including a pterosaur with pneumatized femora / M. A. McLain & R. T. Bakker
  • The taxonomy and phylogeny of Diopecephalus kochi (Wagner, 1837) and 'Germanodactylus rhamphastinus' (Wagner, 1851) / S. U. Vidovic & D. M. Martill
  • A taxonomic revision of Noripterus complicidens and Asian members of the Dsungaripteridae / D. W. Hone, S. Jiang & X. Xu
  • Topotype specimens probably attributable to the giant azhdarchid pterosaur Arambourgiania philadelphiae (Arambourg 1959) / D. M. Martill & M. Moser
  • The pterosaur assemblage of the Oxford Clay Formation (Jurassic, Callovian--Oxfordian) from the UK / M. O'Sullivan
  • Systematic reassessment of the first Jurassic pterosaur from Thailand / D. M. Unwin & D. M. Martill
  • A large pterodactyloid pterosaur from the Late Cretaceous Ferron Sandstone of Utah / S. C. Bennett / Cervical vertebrae of an enigmatic pterosaur from the Crato Formation (Lower Cretaceous, Araripe Basin, NE Brazil) / M. E. C. Leal, R. V. Pegas, N. Bonde & A. W. A. Kellner
  • A wing metacarpal from Italy and its implications for latest Cretaceous pterosaur diversity / F. M. Dalla Vecchia
  • A new pterosaur specimen from the Upper Tumbridge Wells Sand Formation (Cretaceous, Valanginian) of southern England and a review of Lonchodectes sagittirostris (Owen 1874) / S. Rigal, D. M. Martill & S. C. Sweetman.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
3 volumes ; 26 cm
  • Volume 1. A-COM
  • volume 2. COM-I
  • volume 3. J-Z.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
458 pages : maps (some color), illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
The Palaeozoic Era ends with the c. 47-million-year-long Permian Period. This was a major juncture in Earth history when the vast Pangean supercontinent continued its assembly and the global biota suffered the most extensive biotic decimation of the Phanerozoic, the end-Permian mass extinction. It was also the time of accumulation of vast mineral and energy deposits, notably of salt and petroleum. The temporal ordering of geological and biotic events during Permian time is, therefore, critical to the interpretation of some unique and pivotal events in Earth history. This temporal ordering is based mostly on the Permian timescale, which has been developed and refined for nearly two centuries. This book reviews the history of the development of the Permian chronostratigraphic scale. It also includes comprehensive analyses of Permian radioisotopic ages, magnetostratigraphy, isotope-based correlations, and timescale-relevant marine and non-marine biostratigraphy and biochronology.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xvi, 482 pages ; 27 cm
  • 1. Nucleosynthesis and nuclear decay-- 2. Mass spectrometry-- 3. The Rb-Sr method-- 4. The Sm-Nd method-- 5. Lead isotopes-- 6. Isotope geochemistry of oceanic volcanics-- 7. Isotope geochemistry of continental rocks-- 8. Osmium isotopes-- 9. Lu-Hf, Ba-La-Ce, and K-Ca systems-- 10. K-Ar, Ar-Ar and U-He dating-- 11. Noble gas geochemistry-- 12. U-series dating-- 13. U-series geochemistry of igneous systems-- 14. Cosmogenic nuclides-- 15. Extinct radionuclides-- 16. Fission track dating-- Appendix 1: chart of the nuclides-- Appendix 2: meteorite types.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107492127 20180409
The third edition of Radiogenic Isotope Geology examines revolutionary changes in geochemical thinking that have occurred over the past fifteen years. Extinct-nuclide studies on meteorites have called into question fundamental geochemical models of the Earth, while new dating methods have challenged conventional views of Earth history. At the same time, the problem of global warming has raised new questions about the causes of past and present climate change. In the new edition, these and other recent issues are evaluated in their scholarly and historical context, so readers can understand the development of current ideas. Controversial theories, new analytical techniques, classic papers, and illustrative case studies all come under scrutiny in this book, providing an accessible introduction for students and critical commentary for researchers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107492127 20180409
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
244 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 26 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xxiii, 428 : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 29 cm
  • Physical principles
  • Spectra of minerals and rocks
  • Photography
  • Multispectral imaging techniques
  • Important spaceborne missions and multispectral sensors
  • Geometric aspects of photographs and images
  • Digital elevation model
  • Image quality and principles of interpretation
  • Atmospheric corrections
  • Interpretation of solar reflection data
  • Interpretation of thermal-IR data
  • Digital image processing of multispectral data
  • Imaging spectroscopy
  • Microwave sensors
  • Interpretation of SAR imagery
  • SAR interferometry
  • Integrating remote sensing data with other geodata (GIS approach)
  • Geological applications.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)