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ix, 196 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 29 cm.
  • Part I: Bioenergy and Land Use Change 1 Bioenergy and Land Use Change: An OverviewPankaj Lal, Aditi Ranjan, Bernabas Wolde, Pralhad Burli, Renata Blumberg 2 An Exploration of Agricultural Land Use Change at the Intensive and Extensive Margins: Implications for Biofuels Induced Land Use Change ModelingFarzad Taheripour, Hao Cui, Wallace E. Tyner 3 Effects of Sugarcane Ethanol Expansion in The Brazilian Cerrado: Land Use Response in the New FrontierMarcellus M. Caldas, Gabriel Granco, Christopher Bishop, Jude Kastens, J. Brown 4 Biofuel Expansion and the Spatial Economy: Implications for the Amazon Basin in the 21st CenturyEugenio Y. Arima, Peter Richards, Robert T. Walker Part II: Impacts on Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services 5 Towards Life Cycle Analysis on Land Use Change and Climate Impacts from Bioenergy Production: A ReviewZhangcai Qin, Christina E Canter, Hao Cai 6 Bio-energies Impact on Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services Compared to Other Energy TechnologiesAstley Hastings 7 Empirical Evidence of Soil Carbon Changes in Bioenergy Cropping SystemsMarty Schmer, Kathleen Stewart, Virginia Jin 8 Role of crop residues in maintaining soil organic carbon in agroecosystemsDavid E. Clay, Umakant Mishra 9 Incorporating Conservation Practices into the Future Bioenergy Landscape: Water Quality and HydrologyMay Wu, Mi-Ae Ha Part III: Data, Modeling and Uncertainties 10 Uncertainty in Estimates of Bioenergy-induced Land-use Change: The Impact of Inconsistent Land-cover DatasetsNagendra Singh, Keith Kline, Rebecca Efroymson, Budhendra Bhaduri, Bridget O Banion 11 Challenges in Quantifying and Regulating Indirect Emissions of BiofuelsDeepak Rajagopal 12 Biofuels, Land Use Change, and the Limits of Life Cycle AnalysisRichard. J. Plevin 13 Lost Momentum of Biofuels: What Went Wrong?Govinda Timilsina.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119297345 20180213
Although bioenergy is a renewable energy source, it is not without impact on the environment. Both the cultivation of crops specifically for use as biofuels and the use of agricultural byproducts to generate energy changes the landscape, affects ecosystems, and impacts the climate. Bioenergy and Land Use Change focuses on regional and global assessments of land use change related to bioenergy and the environmental impacts. This interdisciplinary volume provides both high level reviews and in-depth analyses on specific topics. Volume highlights include: Land use change concepts, economics, and modeling Relationships between bioenergy and land use change Impacts on soil carbon, soil health, water quality, and the hydrologic cycle Impacts on natural capital and ecosystem services Effects of bioenergy on direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions Biogeochemical and biogeophysical climate regulation Uncertainties and challenges associated with land use change quantification and environmental impact assessments Bioenergy and Land Use Change is a valuable resource for professionals, researchers, and graduate students from a wide variety of fields including energy, economics, ecology, geography, agricultural science, geoscience, and environmental science. Read an interview with the editors to find out more: https://eos.org/editors-vox/bioenergys-impacts-on-the-landscape.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119297345 20180213
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xxiv, 213 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
  • Preface 1. Climate Change and International Relations: Empirical and Theoretical Assessment 1.1 Introduction 1.2 The Aggravation of the Climate Crisis: Temperature Rise, Extreme Weather Events, Renewable Revolution and, the Emerging of the Geoengineering Option 1.3 The Paris Accord and the Rise of Climate Powers 1.4 The Climate Commitment Approach (CCA) 1.5 The Drivers of Climate Commitment 1.6 Final Considerations 2. Brazil in the International System: Underachieving (Environmental) Power and the Leadership Myth 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Brazil in the Global Carbon Cycle and the Planetary Boundaries 2.3 Brazil in the International System: Economy, Democracy, and Foreign Policy 2.4 Final Considerations 3. The Beginning: Brazil, the Climate Villain 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Emission Profile 1: Giant Irrational Deforestation 3.3 Domestic Climate Policy Profile 1: The Lack of Actions 3.4 Foreign Climate Policy Profile 1: A World Divided by Income: The Brazilian Contribution to the Climate Convention? (1992-2005) 3.5 Final Considerations: Low Climate Commitment, Amazon Disorders, and Strong Conservative Forces 4. The Rising: Brazil, the Developing Climate Leader? 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Emission Profile 2: Deforestation Control and Drastic Declining 4.3 Domestic Climate Policy Profile 2: Rapid and Intense Change 4.4 Foreign Climate Policy Profile 2: The Transition to Moderation and Activism 4.5 The Forces Behind Brazilian Climate Activism 4.6 Final Considerations: Medium Climate Commitment, Overcoming the Amazon Disorders, and the Rise of Reformist Forces 5. The Decline: Brazil, the Climate Negligent 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Emission Profile 3: The Return of High Emissions 5.3 Domestic Climate Policy Profile 3: Stagnation and Retraction 5.4 Foreign Climate Policy Profile 3: The Conservative Set-Back 5.5 The Drivers of the Decline 5.6 The Temer's Administration: New Economic Policy, Old Conservative Persistence 5.7 Final Considerations: Low Climate Commitment, Amazon Neglect, and the Rise of Conservative Forces 6. The Future: Brazil and the Bases for a True Environmental/Climate Leadership 6.1 Summarizing the Three Periods 6.2 The Future of Climate Commitment in Brazil: Dealing with the Amazon Neglect 6.3 The Drivers of Climate Commitment in the Coming Years 6.4 The Bases for a True Brazilian Climate Leadership: Democracy, Economy, and International Insertion.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138106253 20180115
  • Preface 1. Climate Change and International Relations: Empirical and Theoretical Assessment 2. Brazil in the International System: Underachieving (Environmental) Power and the Leadership Myth 3. The Beginning: Brazil, the Climate Villain 4. The Rising: Brazil, the Developing Climate Leader? 5. The Decline: Brazil, the Climate Negligent 6. The Future: Brazil and the Bases for a True Environmental/Climate Leadership.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138106246 20180115
Climate change is increasingly a part of the human experience. As the problem worsens, the cooperative dilemma that the issue carries has become evident: climate change is a complex problem that systematically gets insufficient answers from the international system. This book offers an assessment of Brazil's role in the global political economy of climate change. The authors, Eduardo Viola and Matias Franchini expertly review and answer the most common and widely cited questions on whether and in which way Brazil is aggravating or mitigating the climate crisis, including:ã Is it the benign, cooperative, environmental power that the Brazilian government claims it is? Why was it possible to dramatically reduce deforestation in the Amazon (2005-2010) and, more recently, was there a partial reversion?ã The book provides an accessible-and much needed-introduction to all those studying the challenges of the international system in the Anthropocene. Through a thorough analysis of Brazil in perspective vis a vis other emerging countries, this book provides an engaging introduction and up to date assessment of the climate reality of Brazil and a framework to analyze the climate performance of major economies, both on emission trajectory and policy profile: the climate commitment approach. Brazil and Climate Change is essential reading for all students of Environmental Studies, Latin American Studies, International Relations and Comparative Politics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138106253 20180115
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
vi, 475 pages : maps (some color), illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xix, 317 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Trends in Temperature for the Himalayan Environment of Leh (Jammu and Kashmir), India, by Rohitashw Kumar.- 2. Changes in Sunshine Duration in Humid Environments of Agartala (Tripura), India, by D. Jhajharia.- 3. Application of Multiple Linear Regression as Downscaling Methodology for Lower Godavari Basin, by Gayam Akshara.- 4. Statistical Downscaling of Minimum Temperature of Raipur (C.G.) India, by R.K. Jaiswal.- 5. Statistical Downscaling of Daily Temperature and Precipitation Data from Coupled Model Inter-Comparison Project 5 (CMIP5)-RCPs Experiment: In Weyib River Basin, Southeastern Ethiopia, by Abdulkerim Bedewi Serur.- 6. Global Climate Pattern Behind Hydrological Extremes in Central India, by Kironmala Chanda.- 7. Changes in ENSO and IOD Effects on the Extreme Rainfall of Hyderabad City, India, by V. Agilan.- 8. Detecting Changes in Regional Rainfall Series in India using Binary Segmentation based Multiple Change-pointDetection Techniques, by Shagufta Akbari.- 9. Analyzing Non-stationarity in the Hyderabad City Rainfall Intensity-Duration-Frequency Curves, by V. Agilan.- 10. Development of Finer Resolution Rainfall Scenario for Kangsabati Catchment and Command, by P. M. Dhage.- 11. Investigation of the Relationship Between Natural Aerosols and Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall Using a Climate Model, by Charu Singh.- 12. Change Point Analysis of Air Temperature in India, by Chithra N R. 13. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Sewage Treatment Plants Based on Sequential Batch Reactor in Maharashtra, by Vipin Singh.- 14. Study of Climate Change in Uttarakhand Himalayas: Changing Patterns of Historical Rainfall, by Archana Sarkar.- 15. The Impact of Climate Change on Rainfall Variability: A Study in Central Himalayas, by L. N. Thakural.- 16. Estimation of Changes in Annual Peak Flows in Netravathi River Basin, Karnataka, India by Fasnamol T M.- 17. Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources in Semi-Arid Region of Chittorgarh, India, by Ajit Pratap Singh.- 18. Water Availability under Changing Climate Scenario in Ur River Basin, by Thomas T..- 19. Water Sustainability Assessment Under Climatic Uncertainty- A Case Study of Chhattisgarh (India), by Surendra Kumar Chandniha.- 20. Coupling of Tennant concept with Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) for the prediction of environmental flow condition from rainfall in Upper Narmada basin, by Kumar Amrit.- 21. Assessment of Drought in Balangir District of Odisha, India Using Drought Indices, by A. Sudarsan Rao.- 22. Impact Of Hfc Fire Extinguishing Clean Agents On Climate Change And Its System Design Requirements For Fire Hazards In India- A Brief Study.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811057137 20180122
This book comprises the select proceedings of the International Conference on Water, Environment, Energy and Society. The book is divided into four parts. Part I deals with some aspects of climatic characteristics ranging from changes in temperature and sunshine hours to downscaling to global climate patterns and effects of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) on extreme rainfall. Part II covers rainfall analysis, including changes in regional rainfall series, analysis of non-stationarity, summer monsoon and rainfall scenarios. Impacts of climate change are treated in Part III. Change point analysis, greenhouse gas emissions, rainfall variability, water resources variability, and water resources sustainability are discussed in this part. The concluding Part IV is on low flow and drought. It deals with the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) concept and assessment of drought. This book is of interest to researchers and practitioners in the field of water resources, hydrology, environmental resources, agricultural engineering, watershed management, and earth sciences, as well as those engaged in natural resources planning and management. Graduate students and those wishing to conduct further research in water and environment and their development and management find the book to be of value.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789811057137 20180122
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
vi, 255 pages : maps (some color), illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
244 pages : maps (some color) ; 24 cm.
  • Chapter 1: Extreme weather around the world
  • 1. The global links between extreme weather and climate change / Daniel Huber and Jay Gulledge
  • 2. The Atlantic Ocean brings a wave of climate change / The United Nations Environment Programme
  • #g 3. Climate change and global warming 101 / Anup Shah
  • 4. Costal resliience is key for the US and the World / Erin A. Thead
  • 5. In the US hurricanes are a harbinger of climate change / John McQuaid
  • 6. Weird weather around the world is cause for alarm / Christine Ottery
  • Chapter 2: The effects of extreme weather
  • 1. Climate has an impact global health / US Environmental Protection Agency
  • 2. Animal populations are affected by climate upheaval / Juan Lubroth
  • 3. In Eastern Africa, climate change affects food security / International Federation of Red Cross and Red Cresent Societies
  • 4. Extreme weather may lead to extreme hunger / Physicians for Social Responsibility
  • Chapter 3: Extreme weather and global warming
  • 1. Global warming is man-made, not myth / Donald R. Prothero
  • 2. Is global warming really that bad? / Melissa Denchak
  • 3. How much of the world is responsibile for global warming? / Anup Shah
  • 4. In Southeast Asia, cutting greenhouse gases is vital to survival / Murray Hiebert
  • 5. Whose fault is climate change? / Frank Thomas
  • Chapter 4: Coping with extreme weather
  • 1. How various countries are tracking climate change / NPR News Staff
  • 2. Sustainable development can combat global disaster / Tom R. Burns and Nora Machado Des Johansson
  • 3. Preventing further climate upheaval isn't just the government's domain / Bonizella Biagini and Alan Miller
  • 4. Europe must adapt to climate change / European Environment Agency
  • Periodical and internet sources bibliography
  • For further discussion
  • Organizations to contact
  • Bibliography of books.
In the wake of every killer hurricane, devastating wild fire, severe drought, or once-in-a-century flooding event, it has become commonplace for scientists, politicians, and ordinary citizens to debate whether or not these severe weather events can be tied directly to climate change and global warming. The scientific consensus generally indicates that we are beginning to see upticks in extreme weather due to warming and the resulting shift in weather patterns. Certain politicians, business interests, and energy executives, however, forcefully reject such connections as unproven and speculative. Where does the truth lie? This anthology collects the strongest viewpoints from across the ideological spectrum and the globe and allows readers to evaluate the arguments and evidence for themselves before forming an educated opinion. Bibliography, Detailed Table of Contents, Further Information Section, Index, Maps, Primary Sources, Sidebars, Websites.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xviii, 153 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (chiefly color) ; 27 cm
  • Introduction
  • About the Keys : processes I
  • Results of data gathering and mapmaking : processes II
  • Major geomorphic topographies
  • Western terminus of the reef tract
  • Coral health, or lack thereof
  • Key limes, hands on : see it in person
  • Epilogue : the future for reefs and research in the Florida Keys.
Based on long personal experience and original research of the authors, this book describes in easily readable detail the major research and researchers focusing on natural processes of coral reef development and the origin of lime sediments in the Florida Keys and Florida Bay. The purpose of the book is to stimulate research into the many unanswered questions that remain about the origins of limestone.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
x, 364 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (chiefly color) ; 29 cm.
  • Part 1 - Geodetic Reference Systems and Frames.- Simulation of VLBI observations to determine a global TRF for GGOS.- The Assessment of the Temporal Evolution of Space Geodetic Terrestrial Reference Frames.- Analysis strategies for the densification of the ICRF with VLBA Calibrator Survey sources.- Towards the Definition and Realization of a Global Absolute Gravity Reference System.- Part 2 - Static Gravity Field Observations and Modelling.- The linearized fixed gravimetric boundary value problem and its solution in spheroidal approximation.- On the convergence of the h-p finite element method for solving boundary value problems in physical geodesy.- Domain Transformation and the Iteration Solution of the Linear Gravimetric Boundary Value Problem.- A New Argentinean Gravimetric Geoid Model - GEOIDEAR.- Exploitation of marine gravity measurements in the validation of global gravity field models.- Traceability of the Hannover FG5X-220 to the SI units.- Evaluation of Robert Sterneck's historical gravity pendulum measurements in the Czech territory.- Part 3 - Detection and Modelling of Gravity Field Variations.- Ground-satellite comparisons of time variable gravity: results, issues and on-going projects for the null test in arid regions.- Impact of groundtrack pattern of double pair missions on the gravity recovery quality - Lessons from the ESA SC4MGV project.- A posterior de-aliasing of ocean tide error in future double-pair satellite gravity missions.- A method of airborne gravimetry by combining strapdown inertial and new satellite observations via dynamic networks.- Hybrid gravimetry as a tool to monitor surface and underground mass changes.- Tidal spectroscopy from a long record of superconducting gravimeters in Strasbourg (France).- Investigations of a suspected jump in Swedish repeated absolute gravity time series.- Part 4 - Earth Rotation and Geodynamics.- Detailed analysis of diurnal tides and associated space nutation in the search of the Free Inner Core Nutation resonance.- Chandler wobble and frequency dependency of the ratio between gravity variation and vertical displacement for a simple Earth model with Maxwell or Burgers rheologies.- Detection of the atmospheric S1 tide in VLBI polar motion time series.- Free Core Nutation parameters from hydrostatic long-base tiltmeter records in Sainte Croix aux Mines (France).- Numerical Issues in Space-Geodetic Data Analysis and their Impact on Earth Orientation Parameter.- A non-tidal atmospheric loading model: On its quality and impacts on orbit determination and C20 from SLR.- Effects of meteorological input data on the VLBI station coordinates, network scale, and EOP.- History of monitoring Earth orientation, and re-analyses of old data.- Part 5 - Advances in GNSS Technologies, Data Processing, and Applications.- Multi-GNSS PPP-RTK: mixed-receiver network and user scenarios.- A New Method for Real-Time PPP Correction Updates.- Towards reliable and precise BeiDou positioning with stochastic modelling.- PPP carrier phase residual stacking for turbulence investigations.- On Removing Discrepancies Between Local Ties and GPS-Based Coordinates.- Receiver Antenna Phase Center Models and Their Impact on Geodetic Parameters.- Singular spectrum analysis for modeling geodetic time series.- Impact of Limited Satellite Visibility on Estimates of Vertical Land Movements.- Noise filtering augmentation of the Helmert transformation for the mapping of GNSS derived position time series to a target frame.- Part 6 - Geodetic Modelling of Atmospheric Variables.- Assessing GPS + Galileo Precise Point Positioning Capability for Integrated Water Vapor Estimation.- Atmospheric perceptible water in Somma-Vesuvius area during extreme weather events from ground-based GPS measurements.- Water vapor radiometer data in very long baseline interferometry data analysis.- Part 7 - Geodetic Monitoring of Surface Deformations.- Land subsidence detected by persistent scatterer interferometry using ALOS/PALSAR data from the Nakagawa lowland in the central Kanto Plain, Japan.- A new velocity field of Greece based on seven years (2008-2014) continuously operating GPS station data.- SPINA Region (South of Iberian Peninsula, North of Africa) GNSS geodynamic model.- Continuous Kinematic GPS Monitoring of a Glacier Lake Outburst Flood.- Water in Central Asia - Reservoir Monitoring with Radar Altimetry along the Naryn and Syr Darya Rivers.- Erratum to: AMethod of Airborne Gravimetry by Combining Strapdown Inertial and New Satellite Observations via Dynamic Networks.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319691695 20180205
This book series is composed of peer-reviewed proceedings of selected symposia organized by the International Association of Geodesy. It deals primarily with topics related to Geodesy Earth Sciences : terrestrial reference frame, Earth gravity field, Geodynamics and Earth rotation, Positioning and engineering applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319691695 20180205
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xii, 385 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 29 cm.
  • Contributors vii Preface xi Part I: Chemical Microstructure/Zoning 1 Zircon as Magma Monitor: Robust, Temperature ]Dependent Partition Coefficients from Glass and Zircon Surface and Rim Measurements from Natural SystemsLily L. Claiborne, Calvin F. Miller, Guillherme A. R. Gualda, Tamara L. Carley, Aaron K. Covey, Joseph L. Wooden, and Marc A. Fleming 3 2 Petrology and Geochronology of Metamorphic ZirconMatthew J. Kohn and Nigel M. Kelly 35 3 Origins of Textural, Compositional, and Isotopic Complexity in Monazite and Its Petrochronological AnalysisCallum J. Hetherington, Ethan L. Backus, Christopher R. M. McFarlane, Christopher M. Fisher, and D. Graham Pearson 63 4 Application of Single ]Shot Laser Ablation Split ]Stream Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry to Accessory Phase PetrochronologyJohn M. Cottle and Michael A. Stearns 91 5 Comparing Chemical Microstructures of Some Early Solar System Zircon from Differentiated Asteroids, Mars and EarthJulia Roszjar, Desmond E. Moser, Brendt C. Hyde, Chutimun Chanmuang, and Kimberly Tait 113 6 Crystallization of Baddeleyite in Basaltic Rocks from Mars, and Comparisons with the Earth, Moon, and VestaChristopher D. K. Herd, Desmond E. Moser, Kimberly Tait, James R. Darling, Barry J. Shaulis, and Timothy J. McCoy 137 Part II: Orientation Microstructure 7 Strength and Deformation of Zircon at Crustal and Mantle PressuresIevgeniia Morozova, Sean R. Shieh, Desmond E. Moser, Ivan R. Barker, and John M. Hanchar 169 8 Role of Elastic Anisotropy in the Development of Deformation Microstructures in ZirconNicholas E. Timms, David Healy, Timmons M. Erickson, Alexander A. Nemchin, Mark A. Pearce, and Aaron J. Cavosie 183 9 The Rietputs Formation in South Africa: A Pleistocene Fluvial Archive of Meteorite Impact Unique to the Kaapvaal CratonAaron J. Cavosie, Timmons M. Erickson, Pedro E. Montalvo, Diana C. Prado, Nadja O. Cintron, and Ryan J. Gibbon 203 10 Deciphering the Effects of Zircon Deformation and Recrystallization to Resolve the Age and Heritage of an Archean Mafic Granulite ComplexNicole M. Rayner, Mary Sanborn ]Barrie, and Desmond E. Moser 225 11 Alpha Recoil Loss of Pb from Baddeleyite Evaluated by High ]Resolution Ion Microprobe (SHRIMP II) Depth Profiling and Numerical Modeling: Implications for the Interpretation of U ]Pb Ages in Small Baddeleyite CrystalsWilliam J. Davis and Donald W. Davis 247 12 Transmission Electron Microscope Imaging Sharpens Geochronological Interpretation of Zircon and MonaziteAnne ]Magali Seydoux ]Guillaume, Bernard Bingen, Valerie Bosse, Emilie Janots, and Antonin T. Laurent 261 Part III: 3D Nanostructure 13 Detecting Micro ] and Nanoscale Variations in Element Mobility in High ]Grade Metamorphic Rocks: Implication for Precise U ]Pb Dating of ZirconMonika A. Kusiak, Simon A. Wilde, Richard Wirth, Martin J. Whitehouse, Daniel J. Dunkley, Ian Lyon, Steven M. Reddy, Andrew Berry, and Martin de Jonge 279 14 The Optimization of Zircon Analyses by Laser ]Assisted Atom Probe Microscopy: Insights from the 91500 Zircon StandardDavid W. Saxey, Steven M. Reddy, Denis Fougerouse, and William D. A. Rickard 293 15 Atom Probe Tomography of Phalaborwa Baddeleyite and Reference Zircon BR266David A. Reinhard, Desmond E. Moser, Isabelle Martin, Katherine P. Rice, Yimeng Chen, David Olson, Daniel Lawrence, Ty J. Prosa, and David J. Larson 315 16 Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis for Spatial and Spectral Processing of Pb Isotopes in Zircon by Atom Probe TomographyTyler B. Blum, David A. Reinhard, Yimeng Chen, Ty J. Prosa, David J. Larson, and John W. Valley 327 17 Complex Nanostructures in Shocked, Annealed, and Metamorphosed Baddeleyite Defined by Atom Probe TomographyLee F. White, James R. Darling, Desmond E. Moser, David A. Reinhard, Joseph Dunlop, David J. Larson, Daniel Lawrence, and Isabelle Martin 351 18 Best Practices for Reporting Atom Probe Analysis of Geological MaterialsTyler B. Blum, James R. Darling, Thomas F. Kelly, David J. Larson, Desmond E. Moser, Alberto Perez ]Huerta, Ty J. Prosa, Steven M. Reddy, David A. Reinhard, David W. Saxey, Robert M. Ulfig, and John W. Valley 369 Index 375.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119227243 20180306
Microstructural Geochronology Geochronology techniques enable the study of geological evolution and environmental change over time. This volume integrates two aspects of geochronology: one based on classical methods of orientation and spatial patterns, and the other on ratios of radioactive isotopes and their decay products. The chapters illustrate how material science techniques are taking this field to the atomic scale, enabling us to image the chemical and structural record of mineral lattice growth and deformation, and sometimes the patterns of radioactive parent and daughter atoms themselves, to generate a microstructural geochronology from some of the most resilient materials in the solar system. First compilation of research focusing on the crystal structure, material properties, and chemical zoning of the geochronology mineral archive down to nanoscaleNovel comparisons of mineral time archives from different rocky planets and asteroids and their shock metamorphic historiesFundamentals on how to reconstruct and date radiogenic isotope distributions using atom probe tomography Microstructural Geochronology will be a valuable resource for graduate students, academics, and researchers in the fields of petrology, geochronology, mineralogy, geochemistry, planetary geology, astrobiology, chemistry, and material science. It will also appeal to philosophers and historians of science from other disciplines.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119227243 20180306
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xi, 212 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 27 cm
  • 1. Introduction. 2.Historical views. 3.Plate tectonic framework. 4.The Western Mediterranean. 5.The Central Mediterranean: Alps and Apennines. 6.The Carpathians, the Balkans and Turkey. 7.Iran to Pakistan. 8.The India-Asia collision zone. 9. Southeast Asia. 10. The Western Pacific rim: The great belt of mountains forming the circum-Pacific belt includes the volcanic island chains of Indonesia, the Philippines and Japan as well as a large number of island arcs. 11.The North American Cordillera. 12. The Andes to Antarctica. 13.The mid-ocean ridge system: These submerged mountains owe their existence entirely to volcanic processes. Their topography and structure are quite distinct from the continental mountain ranges, giving an insight to the processes whereby the oceans are created. 14. Older mountain ranges: Mountain belts have been a feature of the planet for much of its history, and some geologically recent ones such as the Caledonian and Appalachian belts are still obvious topographic features. Although there is very little or no topographic trace of mountains older than about 500 million years, the geological evidence for their existence is equally valid and offers a view of the different conditions far back in time. Bibliography. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780460666 20180226
Most mountains on Earth occur within relatively well-defined, narrow belts separated by wide expanses of much lower-lying ground. Their distribution is not random but is caused by the now well-understood geological processes of plate tectonics. Some mountains mark the site of a former plate collision - where one continental plate has ridden up over another, resulting in a zone of highly deformed and elevated rocks. Others are essentially volcanic in origin. The most obvious mountain belts today - the Himalayas, the Alps and the Andes, for example - are situated at currently active plate boundaries. Others, such as the Caledonian mountains of the British Isles and Scandinavia, are the product of a plate collision that happened far in the geological past and have no present relationship to a plate boundary. These are much lower, with a generally more gentle relief, worn down through millennia of erosion. The presently active mountain belts are arranged in three separate systems: the Alpine-Himalayan ranges, the circum-Pacific belt and the mid-ocean ridges.Much of the Alpine-Himalayan belt is relatively well known, but large parts of the Circum-Pacific and ocean-ridge systems are not nearly as familiar, but contain equally impressive mountain ranges despite large parts being partly or wholly submerged. This book takes the reader along the active mountain systems explaining how plate tectonic processes have shaped them, then looks more briefly at some of the older mountain systems whose tectonic origins are more obscure. It will interest and inform both amateur and professional geologists who wish to learn more about the world's great mountain systems.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780460666 20180226
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
238 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
  • New perspectives on pterosaur palaeobiology / D. W. W. Hone, M. P. Witton & D. M. Martill
  • Pterosaurs in Mesozoic food webs: a review of fossil evidence / M. P. Witton
  • Using three-dimensional, digital models of pterosaur skulls for the investigation of their relative bite forces and feeding styles / D. M. Henderson
  • Pelvic musculature of Vectidraco daisymorrisae and consequences for pterosaur locomotion / R. A. Frigot
  • Inferring the properties of the pterosaur wing membrane / C. Palmer
  • Waves of bone deposition on the rostrum of the pterosaur Pteranodon / S. C. Bennett & P. Penkalski
  • Neonate morphonology and development in pterosaurs: evidence from a Ctenochasmatid embryo from the Early Cretaceous of Argentina / L. Codorniu, L. Chiappe & D. Rivarola
  • Short note on a new anurognathid pterosaur with evidence of perching behaviour from Jianchang of Liaoning Province, China / J. Lu, Q. Meng, B.Wang, D. Liu, C. Shen & Y. Zhang
  • Pterosaur material from the uppermost Jurassic of the uppermost Morrison Formation, Breakfast Bench Facies, Como Bluff, Wyoming, including a pterosaur with pneumatized femora / M. A. McLain & R. T. Bakker
  • The taxonomy and phylogeny of Diopecephalus kochi (Wagner, 1837) and 'Germanodactylus rhamphastinus' (Wagner, 1851) / S. U. Vidovic & D. M. Martill
  • A taxonomic revision of Noripterus complicidens and Asian members of the Dsungaripteridae / D. W. Hone, S. Jiang & X. Xu
  • Topotype specimens probably attributable to the giant azhdarchid pterosaur Arambourgiania philadelphiae (Arambourg 1959) / D. M. Martill & M. Moser
  • The pterosaur assemblage of the Oxford Clay Formation (Jurassic, Callovian--Oxfordian) from the UK / M. O'Sullivan
  • Systematic reassessment of the first Jurassic pterosaur from Thailand / D. M. Unwin & D. M. Martill
  • A large pterodactyloid pterosaur from the Late Cretaceous Ferron Sandstone of Utah / S. C. Bennett / Cervical vertebrae of an enigmatic pterosaur from the Crato Formation (Lower Cretaceous, Araripe Basin, NE Brazil) / M. E. C. Leal, R. V. Pegas, N. Bonde & A. W. A. Kellner
  • A wing metacarpal from Italy and its implications for latest Cretaceous pterosaur diversity / F. M. Dalla Vecchia
  • A new pterosaur specimen from the Upper Tumbridge Wells Sand Formation (Cretaceous, Valanginian) of southern England and a review of Lonchodectes sagittirostris (Owen 1874) / S. Rigal, D. M. Martill & S. C. Sweetman.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xvi, 482 pages ; 27 cm
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
215 pages : maps (some color), illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
252 pages : maps (some color), illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
This Special Publication examines tsunami hazard and risk, with particular focus on using the geological record. With Earth's growing population clustered increasingly on coastlines, tsunami hazards are of concern worldwide. The papers explore the sedimentological and dynamic traces of recent and prehistoric tsunamis globally - from Europe to the Pacific - as well as looking at historic records and how the information can be used to characterise the scale of impacts and areas that are most susceptible to tsunami hazards. Armed with this information, scientists can begin to quantify risks, both to populations and in economic terms. This volume is aimed both at scientists working in this field and at a wider community, interested in tsunami science and natural hazard assessment.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)

15. ABCs from space [2017]

1 volume (unpaged) : color illustrations ; 26 cm
An alphabet book of photographs of Earth taken from outer space that look like each letter. -- Provided by publisher.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
ix, 295 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (chiefly color) ; 29 cm.
  • Contributors vii Preface ix 1 Neotectonics and Earthquake Potential of the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Introduction 1 Ibrahim Cemen and Yucel Y lmaz Part I: Morphotectonic Characteristics of Neotectonics in Anatolia and Its Surroundings 9 2 Morphotectonic Development of Anatolia and the Surrounding Regions 11 Yucel Y lmaz 3 Diversion of River Courses Across Major Strike Slip Faults and Keirogens 93 A. M. Celal S engor Part II: Neotectonics of the Aegean-Western Anatolian Region 103 4 Effect of Slab Tear on Crustal Structure in Southwestern Anatolia: Insight From Gravity Data Modeling 105 Rezene Mahatsente, Suleyman Alemdar, and Ibrahim Cemen 5 Geodynamical Models for Continental Delamination and Ocean Lithosphere Peel Away in an Orogenic Setting 121 Og uz H. Gog us , Russell N. Pysklywec, and Claudio Faccenna 6 Major Problems of Western Anatolian Geology 141 Yucel Yilmaz 7 The Cataldag Plutonic Complex in Western Anatolia: Roles of Different Granites on the Crustal Buildup in Connection With the Core Complex Development 189 Omer Kamac , Alp Unal, S afak Altunkaynak, Stoyan Georgiev, and Zeki M. Billor Part III: Seismotectonics in the Eastern Mediterranean Region 223 8 Fault Structures in Marmara Sea (Turkey) and Their Connection to Earthquake Generation Processes 225 Mustafa Aktar 9 North Aegean Active Fault Pattern and the 24 May 2014, Mw 6.9 Earthquake 239 Sotiris Sboras, Alex Chatzipetros, and Spyros B. Pavlides 10 Seismic Intensity Maps for the Eastern Part of the North Anatolian Fault Zone (Turkey) Based on Recorded and Simulated Ground Motion Data 273 Aysegul Askan, Shaghayegh Karimzadeh, and Mustafa Bilal Index 289.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118944981 20170522
Neotectonics involves the study of the motions and deformations of the Earth's crust that are current or recent in geologic time. The Mediterranean region is one of the most important regions for neotectonics and related natural hazards. This volume focuses on the neotectonics of the Eastern Mediterranean region, which has experienced many major extensive earthquakes, including the devastating Izmit, Turkey earthquake on August 17, 1999. The event lasted for 37 seconds, killing around 17,000 people, injuring 44,000 people, and leaving approximately half a million people homeless. Since then, several North American, European, and Turkish research groups have studied the neotectonics and earthquake potential of the region using different geological and geophysical methods, including GPS studies, geodesy, and passive source seismology. Some results from their studies were presented in major North American and European geological meetings. This volume highlights the work involving the Eastern Mediterranean region, which has one of the world's longest and best studied active strike-slip (horizontal motion) faults: the east-west trending North Anatolian fault zone, which is very similar to the San Andreas fault in California. This volume features discussions of: Widespread applications in measuring plate motion that have strong implications in predicting natural disasters like earthquakes, both on a regional and a global scale Recent motions, particularly those produced by earthquakes, that provide insights on the physics of earthquake recurrence, the growth of mountains, orogenic movements, and seismic hazards Unique methodical approaches in collecting tectonophysical data, including field, seismic, experimental, computer-based, and theoretical approaches. Active Global Seismology is a valuable resource for geoscientists, particularly in the field of tectonophysics, geophysics, geodynamics, seismology, structural geology, environmental geology, and geoengineering.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118944981 20170522
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
237 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 31 cm.
  • Introduction and history of mapping and research / P.C. Bandopadhyay-- Introduction to the geography and geomorphology of the Andaman-Nicobar Islands / P.C. Bandopadhyay & A. Carter
  • Regional context of the geology of the Andaman-Nicobar accretionary ridge / P.D. Clift
  • Cenozoic rifting, passive margin development and strike-slip faulting in the Andaman Sea: a discussion of established v. new tectonic models / C.K. Morley
  • Regional tectonics, structure and evolution of the Andaman-Nicobar Islands from ophiolite formation and obduction to collision and back-arc spreading / C.K. Morley & M. Searle
  • Geological framework of the Andaman-Nicobar Islands / P.C. Bandopadhyay & A. Carter
  • Andaman-Nicobar Ophiolites, India: origin, evolution and emplacement / B. Ghosh, D. Bandopadhyay & T. Morishita
  • Mithakhari deposits / P.C. Bandopadhyay & A. Carter
  • Submarine fan deposits: petrography and geochemistry of the Andaman Flysch / P.C. Bandopadhyay & A. Carter
  • Provenance of Oligocene Andaman sandstones (Andaman-Nicobar Islands): Ganga-Brahmaputra or Irrawaddy derived? / M. Limonta, A. Resentini, A. Carter, P.C. Bandopadhyay & E. Garzanti
  • The Archipelago Group: current understanding / P.C. Bandopadhyay & A. Carter
  • Inner-arc volcanism: Barren and Narcondam islands / P.C. Bandopadhyay
  • Anatomy of the Andaman-Nicobar subduction system from seismic reflection data / S.C. Singh & R. Moeremans
  • Seismicity of the Andaman-Nicobar Islands and Andaman Sea / A. Carter & P.C. Bandopadhyay
  • The 26 December 2004 earthquake and tsunami / A. Carter & P.C. Bandopadhyay
  • Natural resources / P.C. Bandopadhyay, B. Ghosh & A. Carter
  • Index.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
xii, 293 pages, 16 pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
  • FOREWORD PREFACE ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 1. AN INTRODUCTION INTO BIRDS, THE GEOLOGICAL SETTINGS OF THEIR EVOLUTION, AND THE AVIAN SKELETON 4 Birds are evolutionary nested within theropod dinosaurs 4 The geological settings of avian evolution in a nutshell 6 Characteristics of the avian skeleton 7 2. THE ORIGIN OF BIRDS 13 Archaeopteryx: The German urvogel and its bearing on avian evolution 13 The closest maniraptoran relatives of birds 15 Feather evolution 21 The origin of avian flight 25 3. THE MESOZOIC FLIGHT WAY TOWARDS MODERN BIRDS 29 Jeholornithids: Early Cretaceous long-tailed birds 30 Confuciusornis, Sapeornis, and kin: Basal birds with a pygostyle 31 Ornithothoraces and the origin of sustained flapping flight capabilities 34 The Ornithuromorpha: Refinement of modern characteristics 37 Ornithurae and the origin of modern birds 40 4. MESOZOIC BIRDS: INTERRELATIONSHIPS AND CHARACTER EVOLUTION 43 The interrelationships of Mesozoic birds controversial phylogenetic placements and well-supported clades 43 Character evolution in Mesozoic birds 45 Ontogenetic development of Mesozoic birds 53 5. THE INTERRELATIONSHIPS AND ORIGIN OF CROWN GROUP BIRDS (NEORNITHES) 55 Phylogenetic interrelationships of neornithine birds 56 The Mesozoic fossil record of neornithine-like and neornithine birds 58 6. PALAEOGNATHOUS BIRDS (OSTRICHES, TINAMOUS, AND ALLIES) 61 The interrelationships of extant Palaeognathae 62 Early Cenozoic palaeognathous birds of the Northern Hemisphere 63 The long-winged ostriches, rheas, and tinamous 64 The short-winged palaeognathous birds 67 Biogeography: A textbook example of Gondwanan vicariance has become dismantled 70 7. GALLOANSERES: FOWL AND KIN 71 Galliformes from herbivorous forest dwellers to seed eaters of open landscapes 72 The waterfowl 75 Gastornithids: Giant herbivorous birds in the early Paleogene of the Northern Hemisphere 79 Dromornithids (mihirungs or thunderbirds): Gastornis-like birds from Australia 80 Pelagornithids: The bony-toothed birds 81 8. THE DIFFICULT-TO-PLACE GROUPS : BIOGEOGRAPHIC SURPRISES AND AERIAL SPECIALISTS 83 The columbiform birds: Doves, sandgrouse, and mesites? 84 The Hoatzin a South American relict species 85 Turacos and cuckoos 86 Bustards 87 The wonderful Mirandornithes, or how different can sister taxa be? 88 Strisores: The early diversification of nocturnal avian insectivores 91 9. SHOREBIRDS, CRANES, AND RELATIVES 97 Charadriiformes: One of the most diverse groups of extant birds 97 From rail to crane 103 10. AEQUORNITHES: AQUATIC AND SEMI-AQUATIC CARNIVORES 107 Loons: Foot-propelled divers of the Northern Hemisphere 107 The pelagic tubenoses and albatrosses 108 Penguins: More than 60 million years of flightlessness 111 The polyphyletic Pelecaniformes and Ciconiiformes 115 Late Cenozoic turnovers in marine avifaunas 125 11. CARIAMIFORMS AND DIURNAL BIRDS OF PREY 126 Seriemas and allies: Two species now, a lot more in the past 127 Diurnal birds of prey: Multiple cases of convergence among raptorial birds 131 12. THE CENOZOIC RADIATION OF SMALL ARBOREAL BIRDS 137 The Courol and mousebirds: Two African relict groups 137 The long evolutionary history of owls 140 Parrots and passerines: An unexpected sister group relationship and its potential evolutionary implications 142 Trogons, rollers, and woodpeckers: Cavity-nesters with diverse foot morphologies 148 13. INSULAR AVIFAUNAS NOW AND THEN, ON VARIOUS SCALES 153 Islands and isolated continents as refugia 154 The evolution of flightlessness in predator-free environments 155 Insular gigantism and islands as cradles of unusual morphologies 160 GLOSSARY 163 REFERENCES 165 INDEX.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119020769 20161205
Knowledge of the evolutionary history of birds has much improved in recent decades. Fossils from critical time periods are being described at unprecedented rates and modern phylogenetic analyses have provided a framework for the interrelationships of the extant groups. This book gives an overview of the avian fossil record and its paleobiological significance, and it is the only up-to-date textbook that covers both Mesozoic and more modern-type Cenozoic birds in some detail. The reader is introduced to key features of basal avians and the morphological transformations that have occurred in the evolution towards modern birds. An account of the Cenozoic fossil record sheds light on the biogeographic history of the extant avian groups and discusses fossils in the context of current phylogenetic hypotheses. This review of the evolutionary history of birds not only addresses students and established researchers, but it may also be a useful source of information for anyone else with an interest in the evolution of birds and a moderate background in biology and geology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119020769 20161205
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)

19. Basic geophysics [2017]

xx, 366 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 23 cm.
  • Preface ForewordAbout the Authors Chapter 1: Classical Geophysics Pythagoras and Archimedes Heron and Snell Descartes as a geophysicist Fermat and the principle of least time Huygens' principle Isaac Newton and the birth of geophysics Chapter 2: Wave EquationSeismic ray direction The eikonal equation and Pythagoras Michael Faraday and the eikonal equation Pressure and particle velocity Chapter 3: ElasticityThe wave equation A wave at a boundaryStress and strain Hooke's law Cartesian fields of dilatation Cartesian fields of rotation Equations of motion Chapter 4: Rays, Anisotropy, and Maxwell's EquationsRay equation Discovery of anisotropy Maxwell's equationsChapter 5: Three-dimensional Wave Equation Wave equation One-dimensional wave equation Sinusoidal waves Plane waves Spherical waves Green's functionDispersion equation Group velocity Chapter 6: Ray Tracing and Seismic ModelingHamilton's equations Ray tracingEikonal equationRay equationsReduction of Hamilton's equations to the ray equations Numerical ray tracing Chapter 7: Reflection, Refraction, and Diffraction Explanation of termsHuygens' principle Reflection and refractionFermat's principleResolution and the Fresnel zone Diffraction Diffraction curvesDiffractions appearing on seismic sections Chapter 8: Migration by the WKBJ MethodGeometrical optics and physical optics Exploding reflectors model Migration Wave depropagation simplifiedTime migrationWKBJ migration ReferencesBasic Geophysics.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781560803454 20180319
For a thorough comprehension of the field of geophysics, we need to understand its origins. Basic Geophysics by Enders Robinson and Dean Clark takes us on a journey that demonstrates how the achievements of our predecessors have paved the way for our modern science. From the ancient Greeks through the Enlightenment to the greats of the contemporary age, the reasoning behind basic principles is explored and clarified. With that foundation, several advanced topics are examined, including: the 3D wave equation; ray tracing and seismic modeling; reflection, refraction, and diffraction; and WKBJ migration. The successful integration of the historical narrative alongside practical analysis of relevant principles makes this book an excellent resource for both novices and professionals, and all readers will gain insight and appreciation for the seismic theory that underlies modern exploration seismology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781560803454 20180319
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
128 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 30 cm.
  • Editor's preface / Mikko Nironen
  • Major stratigraphic units in the bedrock of Finland, and an approach to tectonostratigraphic division / Jouni Luukas, Jukka Kousa, Mikko Nironen & Jouni Vuollo
  • Guide to the Geological map of Finland - bedrock 1:1 000 000 / Mikko Nironen
  • Metamorphic map of Finland / Pentti Hölttä & Esa Heilimo.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)