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Book
ix, 295 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (chiefly color) ; 29 cm.
  • Contributors vii Preface ix 1 Neotectonics and Earthquake Potential of the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Introduction 1 Ibrahim Cemen and Yucel Y lmaz Part I: Morphotectonic Characteristics of Neotectonics in Anatolia and Its Surroundings 9 2 Morphotectonic Development of Anatolia and the Surrounding Regions 11 Yucel Y lmaz 3 Diversion of River Courses Across Major Strike Slip Faults and Keirogens 93 A. M. Celal S engor Part II: Neotectonics of the Aegean-Western Anatolian Region 103 4 Effect of Slab Tear on Crustal Structure in Southwestern Anatolia: Insight From Gravity Data Modeling 105 Rezene Mahatsente, Suleyman Alemdar, and Ibrahim Cemen 5 Geodynamical Models for Continental Delamination and Ocean Lithosphere Peel Away in an Orogenic Setting 121 Og uz H. Gog us , Russell N. Pysklywec, and Claudio Faccenna 6 Major Problems of Western Anatolian Geology 141 Yucel Yilmaz 7 The Cataldag Plutonic Complex in Western Anatolia: Roles of Different Granites on the Crustal Buildup in Connection With the Core Complex Development 189 Omer Kamac , Alp Unal, S afak Altunkaynak, Stoyan Georgiev, and Zeki M. Billor Part III: Seismotectonics in the Eastern Mediterranean Region 223 8 Fault Structures in Marmara Sea (Turkey) and Their Connection to Earthquake Generation Processes 225 Mustafa Aktar 9 North Aegean Active Fault Pattern and the 24 May 2014, Mw 6.9 Earthquake 239 Sotiris Sboras, Alex Chatzipetros, and Spyros B. Pavlides 10 Seismic Intensity Maps for the Eastern Part of the North Anatolian Fault Zone (Turkey) Based on Recorded and Simulated Ground Motion Data 273 Aysegul Askan, Shaghayegh Karimzadeh, and Mustafa Bilal Index 289.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118944981 20170522
Neotectonics involves the study of the motions and deformations of the Earth's crust that are current or recent in geologic time. The Mediterranean region is one of the most important regions for neotectonics and related natural hazards. This volume focuses on the neotectonics of the Eastern Mediterranean region, which has experienced many major extensive earthquakes, including the devastating Izmit, Turkey earthquake on August 17, 1999. The event lasted for 37 seconds, killing around 17,000 people, injuring 44,000 people, and leaving approximately half a million people homeless. Since then, several North American, European, and Turkish research groups have studied the neotectonics and earthquake potential of the region using different geological and geophysical methods, including GPS studies, geodesy, and passive source seismology. Some results from their studies were presented in major North American and European geological meetings. This volume highlights the work involving the Eastern Mediterranean region, which has one of the world's longest and best studied active strike-slip (horizontal motion) faults: the east-west trending North Anatolian fault zone, which is very similar to the San Andreas fault in California. This volume features discussions of: Widespread applications in measuring plate motion that have strong implications in predicting natural disasters like earthquakes, both on a regional and a global scale Recent motions, particularly those produced by earthquakes, that provide insights on the physics of earthquake recurrence, the growth of mountains, orogenic movements, and seismic hazards Unique methodical approaches in collecting tectonophysical data, including field, seismic, experimental, computer-based, and theoretical approaches. Active Global Seismology is a valuable resource for geoscientists, particularly in the field of tectonophysics, geophysics, geodynamics, seismology, structural geology, environmental geology, and geoengineering.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118944981 20170522
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
237 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 31 cm.
  • Introduction and history of mapping and research / P.C. Bandopadhyay-- Introduction to the geography and geomorphology of the Andaman-Nicobar Islands / P.C. Bandopadhyay & A. Carter
  • Regional context of the geology of the Andaman-Nicobar accretionary ridge / P.D. Clift
  • Cenozoic rifting, passive margin development and strike-slip faulting in the Andaman Sea: a discussion of established v. new tectonic models / C.K. Morley
  • Regional tectonics, structure and evolution of the Andaman-Nicobar Islands from ophiolite formation and obduction to collision and back-arc spreading / C.K. Morley & M. Searle
  • Geological framework of the Andaman-Nicobar Islands / P.C. Bandopadhyay & A. Carter
  • Andaman-Nicobar Ophiolites, India: origin, evolution and emplacement / B. Ghosh, D. Bandopadhyay & T. Morishita
  • Mithakhari deposits / P.C. Bandopadhyay & A. Carter
  • Submarine fan deposits: petrography and geochemistry of the Andaman Flysch / P.C. Bandopadhyay & A. Carter
  • Provenance of Oligocene Andaman sandstones (Andaman-Nicobar Islands): Ganga-Brahmaputra or Irrawaddy derived? / M. Limonta, A. Resentini, A. Carter, P.C. Bandopadhyay & E. Garzanti
  • The Archipelago Group: current understanding / P.C. Bandopadhyay & A. Carter
  • Inner-arc volcanism: Barren and Narcondam islands / P.C. Bandopadhyay
  • Anatomy of the Andaman-Nicobar subduction system from seismic reflection data / S.C. Singh & R. Moeremans
  • Seismicity of the Andaman-Nicobar Islands and Andaman Sea / A. Carter & P.C. Bandopadhyay
  • The 26 December 2004 earthquake and tsunami / A. Carter & P.C. Bandopadhyay
  • Natural resources / P.C. Bandopadhyay, B. Ghosh & A. Carter
  • Index.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xii, 293 pages, 16 pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
  • FOREWORD PREFACE ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 1. AN INTRODUCTION INTO BIRDS, THE GEOLOGICAL SETTINGS OF THEIR EVOLUTION, AND THE AVIAN SKELETON 4 Birds are evolutionary nested within theropod dinosaurs 4 The geological settings of avian evolution in a nutshell 6 Characteristics of the avian skeleton 7 2. THE ORIGIN OF BIRDS 13 Archaeopteryx: The German urvogel and its bearing on avian evolution 13 The closest maniraptoran relatives of birds 15 Feather evolution 21 The origin of avian flight 25 3. THE MESOZOIC FLIGHT WAY TOWARDS MODERN BIRDS 29 Jeholornithids: Early Cretaceous long-tailed birds 30 Confuciusornis, Sapeornis, and kin: Basal birds with a pygostyle 31 Ornithothoraces and the origin of sustained flapping flight capabilities 34 The Ornithuromorpha: Refinement of modern characteristics 37 Ornithurae and the origin of modern birds 40 4. MESOZOIC BIRDS: INTERRELATIONSHIPS AND CHARACTER EVOLUTION 43 The interrelationships of Mesozoic birds controversial phylogenetic placements and well-supported clades 43 Character evolution in Mesozoic birds 45 Ontogenetic development of Mesozoic birds 53 5. THE INTERRELATIONSHIPS AND ORIGIN OF CROWN GROUP BIRDS (NEORNITHES) 55 Phylogenetic interrelationships of neornithine birds 56 The Mesozoic fossil record of neornithine-like and neornithine birds 58 6. PALAEOGNATHOUS BIRDS (OSTRICHES, TINAMOUS, AND ALLIES) 61 The interrelationships of extant Palaeognathae 62 Early Cenozoic palaeognathous birds of the Northern Hemisphere 63 The long-winged ostriches, rheas, and tinamous 64 The short-winged palaeognathous birds 67 Biogeography: A textbook example of Gondwanan vicariance has become dismantled 70 7. GALLOANSERES: FOWL AND KIN 71 Galliformes from herbivorous forest dwellers to seed eaters of open landscapes 72 The waterfowl 75 Gastornithids: Giant herbivorous birds in the early Paleogene of the Northern Hemisphere 79 Dromornithids (mihirungs or thunderbirds): Gastornis-like birds from Australia 80 Pelagornithids: The bony-toothed birds 81 8. THE DIFFICULT-TO-PLACE GROUPS : BIOGEOGRAPHIC SURPRISES AND AERIAL SPECIALISTS 83 The columbiform birds: Doves, sandgrouse, and mesites? 84 The Hoatzin a South American relict species 85 Turacos and cuckoos 86 Bustards 87 The wonderful Mirandornithes, or how different can sister taxa be? 88 Strisores: The early diversification of nocturnal avian insectivores 91 9. SHOREBIRDS, CRANES, AND RELATIVES 97 Charadriiformes: One of the most diverse groups of extant birds 97 From rail to crane 103 10. AEQUORNITHES: AQUATIC AND SEMI-AQUATIC CARNIVORES 107 Loons: Foot-propelled divers of the Northern Hemisphere 107 The pelagic tubenoses and albatrosses 108 Penguins: More than 60 million years of flightlessness 111 The polyphyletic Pelecaniformes and Ciconiiformes 115 Late Cenozoic turnovers in marine avifaunas 125 11. CARIAMIFORMS AND DIURNAL BIRDS OF PREY 126 Seriemas and allies: Two species now, a lot more in the past 127 Diurnal birds of prey: Multiple cases of convergence among raptorial birds 131 12. THE CENOZOIC RADIATION OF SMALL ARBOREAL BIRDS 137 The Courol and mousebirds: Two African relict groups 137 The long evolutionary history of owls 140 Parrots and passerines: An unexpected sister group relationship and its potential evolutionary implications 142 Trogons, rollers, and woodpeckers: Cavity-nesters with diverse foot morphologies 148 13. INSULAR AVIFAUNAS NOW AND THEN, ON VARIOUS SCALES 153 Islands and isolated continents as refugia 154 The evolution of flightlessness in predator-free environments 155 Insular gigantism and islands as cradles of unusual morphologies 160 GLOSSARY 163 REFERENCES 165 INDEX.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119020769 20161205
Knowledge of the evolutionary history of birds has much improved in recent decades. Fossils from critical time periods are being described at unprecedented rates and modern phylogenetic analyses have provided a framework for the interrelationships of the extant groups. This book gives an overview of the avian fossil record and its paleobiological significance, and it is the only up-to-date textbook that covers both Mesozoic and more modern-type Cenozoic birds in some detail. The reader is introduced to key features of basal avians and the morphological transformations that have occurred in the evolution towards modern birds. An account of the Cenozoic fossil record sheds light on the biogeographic history of the extant avian groups and discusses fossils in the context of current phylogenetic hypotheses. This review of the evolutionary history of birds not only addresses students and established researchers, but it may also be a useful source of information for anyone else with an interest in the evolution of birds and a moderate background in biology and geology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119020769 20161205
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
128 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 30 cm.
  • Editor's preface / Mikko Nironen
  • Major stratigraphic units in the bedrock of Finland, and an approach to tectonostratigraphic division / Jouni Luukas, Jukka Kousa, Mikko Nironen & Jouni Vuollo
  • Guide to the Geological map of Finland - bedrock 1:1 000 000 / Mikko Nironen
  • Metamorphic map of Finland / Pentti Hölttä & Esa Heilimo.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
x, 127 pages ; 26 cm
  • 1. Why Are People Skeptical about Climate Change? Some Insights from Blog Comments Paul Matthews 2. Structure and Content of the Discourse on Climate Change in the Blogosphere: The Big Picture Dag Elgesem, Lubos Steskal & Nicholas Diakopoulos 3. Meeting the Climate Change Challenge (MC3): The Role of the Internet in Climate Change Research Dissemination and Knowledge Mobilization Robert Newell & Ann Dale 4. Examining User Comments for Deliberative Democracy: A Corpus-driven Analysis of the Climate Change Debate Online Luke Collins & Brigitte Nerlich 5. Exploring the Use of Online Platforms for Climate Change Policy and Public Engagement by NGOs in Latin America Bruno Takahashi, Guy Edwards, J. Timmons Roberts & Ran Duan 6. Mobilizing Facebook Users against Facebook's Energy Policy: The Case of Greenpeace Unfriend Coal Campaign Merav Katz-Kimchi & Idit Manosevitch.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138223868 20170605
The volume provides a timely, state of the art collection of studies examining climate change communication in the era of digital media. The chapters focus on a broad range of topics covering various aspects of both practice and research in climate change communication, ranging from the use of online platforms, to blogs, and social networking sites. Climate change communication has increasingly moved into Internet-based forums, and this volume provides a comprehensive overview of research into Internet and climate change communication. The studies share valuable methodological insights in this relatively new field of research and shed light on the opportunities and challenges underlying the collection and analysis of online climate change-related data. This book was previously published as a special issue of Environmental Communication.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138223868 20170605
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xv, 323 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm
  • PART I: ELASTIC WAVES IN THE EARTH-- PART II: NUMERICAL METHODS-- PART III: APPLICATIONS.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198717416 20170313
This book is an introductory text to a range of numerical methods used today to simulate time-dependent processes in Earth science, physics, engineering, and many other fields. The physical problem of elastic wave propagation in 1D serves as a model system with which the various numerical methods are introduced and compared. The theoretical background is presented with substantial graphical material supporting the concepts. The results can be reproduced with the supplementary electronic material provided as python codes embedded in Jupyter notebooks. The book starts with a primer on the physics of elastic wave propagation, and a chapter on the fundamentals of parallel programming, computational grids, mesh generation, and hardware models. The core of the book is the presentation of numerical solutions of the wave equation with six different methods: 1) the finite-difference method; 2) the pseudospectral method (Fourier and Chebyshev); 3) the linear finite-element method; 4) the spectral-element method; 5) the finite-volume method; and 6) the discontinuous Galerkin method. Each chapter contains comprehension questions, theoretical, and programming exercises. The book closes with a discussion of domains of application and criteria for the choice of a specific numerical method, and the presentation of current challenges.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198717416 20170313
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xvi, 451 pages, 88 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 29 cm
  • List of contributors, xi About the companion websites, xvii 1 Introduction, 1 Tom Gleeson and Steven Ingebritsen 2 DigitalCrust a 4D data system of material properties for transforming research on crustal fluid flow, 6 Ying Fan, Stephen Richard, R. Sky Bristol, Shanan E. Peters, Steven E. Ingebritsen, Nils Moosdorf, Aaron Packman, Tom Gleeson, I. Zaslavsky, S. Peckham, Lawrence Murdoch, Michael Fienen, Michael Cardiff, David Tarboton, Norman Jones, Richard Hooper, Jennifer Arrigo, D. Gochis, J. Olson and David Wolock Part I: The physics of permeability, 13 3 The physics of permeability, 15 Tom Gleeson and Steven E. Ingebritsen 4 A pore-scale investigation of the dynamic response of saturated porous media to transient stresses, 16 Christian Huber and Yanqing Su 5 Flow of concentrated suspensions through fractures: small variations in solid concentration cause significant in-plane velocity variations, 27 Ricardo Medina, Jean E. Elkhoury, Joseph P. Morris, Romain Prioul, Jean Desroches and Russell L. Detwiler 6 Normal stress-induced permeability hysteresis of a fracture in a granite cylinder, 39 A. P. S. Selvadurai 7 Linking microearthquakes to fracture permeability evolution, 49 Takuya Ishibashi, Noriaki Watanabe, Hiroshi Asanuma and Noriyoshi Tsuchiya 8 Fractured rock stress permeability relationships from in situ data and effects of temperature and chemical mechanical couplings, 65 Jonny Rutqvist Part II: Static permeability, 83 9 Static permeability, 85 Tom Gleeson and Steven E. Ingebritsen Part II(A): Sediments and sedimentary rocks 10 How well can we predict permeability in sedimentary basins? Deriving and evaluating porosity permeability equations for noncemented sand and clay mixtures, 89 Elco Luijendijk and Tom Gleeson 11 Evolution of sediment permeability during burial and subduction, 104 Hugh Daigle and Elizabeth J. Screaton Part II(B): Igneous and metamorphic rocks 12 Is the permeability of crystalline rock in the shallow crust related to depth, lithology, or tectonic setting?, 125 Mark Ranjram, Tom Gleeson and Elco Luijendijk 13 Understanding heat and groundwater flow through continental flood basalt provinces: Insights gained from alternative models of permeability/depth relationships for the Columbia Plateau, United States, 137 Erick R. Burns, Colin F. Williams, Steven E. Ingebritsen, Clifford I. Voss, Frank A. Spane and Jacob DeAngelo 14 Deep fluid circulation within crystalline basement rocks and the role of hydrologic windows in the formation of the Truth or Consequences, New Mexico low-temperature geothermal system, 155 Jeffrey Pepin, Mark Person, Fred Phillips, Shari Kelley, Stacy Timmons, Lara Owens, James Witcher and Carl W. Gable 15 Hydraulic conductivity of fractured upper crust: insights from hydraulic tests in boreholes and fluid rock interaction in crystalline basement rocks, 174 Ingrid Stober and Kurt Bucher Part III: Dynamic permeability, 189 16 Dynamic permeability, 191 Tom Gleeson and Steven E. Ingebritsen Part III(A): Oceanic crust 17 Rapid generation of reaction permeability in the roots of black smoker systems, Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus, 195 Johnson R. Cann, Andrew M. Mccaig and Bruce W. D. Yardley Part III(B): Fault zones 18 The permeability of active subduction plate boundary faults, 209 Demian M. Saffer 19 Changes in hot spring temperature and hydrogeology of the Alpine Fault hanging wall, New Zealand, induced by distal South Island earthquakes, 228 Simon C. Cox, Catriona D. Menzies, Rupert Sutherland, Paul H. Denys, Calum Chamberlain and Damon A. H. Teagle 20 Transient permeability in fault stepovers and rapid rates of orogenic gold deposit formation, 249 Steven Micklethwaite, Arianne Ford, Walter Witt and Heather A. Sheldon 21 Evidence for long-timescale (>103 years) changes in hydrothermal activity induced by seismic events, 260 Trevor Howald, Mark Person, Andrew Campbell, Virgil Lueth, Albert Hofstra, Donald Sweetkind, Carl W. Gable, Amlan Banerjee, Elco Luijendijk, Laura Crossey, Karl Karlstrom, Shari Kelley and Fred M. Phillips Part III(C): Crustal-scale behavior 22 The permeability of crustal rocks through the metamorphic cycle: an overview, 277 Bruce Yardley 23 An analytical solution for solitary porosity waves: dynamic permeability and fluidization of nonlinear viscous and viscoplastic rock, 285 James A. D. Connolly and Y. Y. Podladchikov 24 Hypocenter migration and crustal seismic velocity distribution observed for the inland earthquake swarms induced by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake in NE Japan: implications for crustal fluid distribution and crustal permeability, 307 T. Okada, T. Matsuzawa, N. Umino, K. Yoshida, A. Hasegawa, H. Takahashi, T. Yamada, M. Kosuga, Tetsuya Takeda, A. Kato, T. Igarashi, K. Obara, S. Sakai, A. Saiga, T. Iidaka, T. Iwasaki, N. Hirata, N. Tsumura, Y. Yamanaka, T. Terakawa, H. Nakamichi, T. Okuda, S. Horikawa, H. Katao, T. Miura, A. Kubo, T. Matsushima, K. Goto and H. Miyamachi 25 Continental-scale water-level response to a large earthquake, 324 Zheming Shi, Guang-Cai Wang, Michael Manga and Chi-Yuen Wang Part III(D): Effects of fluid injection at the scale of a reservoir or ore-deposit 26 Development of connected permeability in massive crystalline rocks through hydraulic fracture propagation and shearing accompanying fluid injection, 337 Giona Preisig, Erik Eberhardt, Valentin Gischig, Vincent Roche, Mirko van der Baan, Benoit Valley, Peter K. Kaiser, Damien Duff and Robert Lowther 27 Modeling enhanced geothermal systems and the essential nature of large-scale changes in permeability at the onset of slip, 353 Stephen A. Miller 28 Dynamics of permeability evolution in stimulated geothermal reservoirs, 363 Joshua Taron, Steve E. Ingebritsen, Stephen Hickman and Colin F. Williams 29 The dynamic interplay between saline fluid flow and rock permeability in magmatic hydrothermal systems, 373 Philipp Weis Part IV: Conclusion, 393 30 Toward systematic characterization, 395 Tom Gleeson and Steven E. Ingebritsen References, 398 Index, 447.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119166566 20170117
Permeability is the primary control on fluid flow in the Earth s crust and is key to a surprisingly wide range of geological processes, because it controls the advection of heat and solutes and the generation of anomalous pore pressures. The practical importance of permeability and the potential for large, dynamic changes in permeability is highlighted by ongoing issues associated with hydraulic fracturing for hydrocarbon production ( fracking ), enhanced geothermal systems, and geologic carbon sequestration. Although there are thousands of research papers on crustal permeability, this is the first book-length treatment. This book bridges the historical dichotomy between the hydrogeologic perspective of permeability as a static material property and the perspective of other Earth scientists who have long recognized permeability as a dynamic parameter that changes in response to tectonism, fluid production, and geochemical reactions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119166566 20170117
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
vii, 256 pages : maps (some color), illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
  • Archaean granitoids: an overview and significance from a tectonic perspective
  • Hafnium isotope constraints on the origin of Mesoarchaean andesites in southern West Greenland, North Atlantic Craton
  • The tectonomagmatic significance of Neoarchaean variably alkali-enriched gabbro and diorite intrusions of the western Karelia Province
  • Alkaline-rich quartz syenite intrusions of the Western Karelia subprovince
  • Geochronology of Neoarchaean granitoids of the NW eastern Dharwar craton: implications for crust formation
  • The diversification of granitoids and plate tectonic implications at the Archaean-Proterozoic boundary in the Bundelkhand Craton, Central India
  • Petrogenesis of mafic magmatic enclaves of the Bundelkhand granitoids near Orchha, Central Indian shield: evidence for rapid crystallization
  • The long (3.7-2.1 Ga) and multistage evolution of the Bug Granulite-Gneiss Complex, Ukrainian Shield, based on the SIMS U-Pb ages and geochemistry of zircons from a single sample
  • Geochemical characterization and petrogenesis of mafic granulites from the Central Indian Tectonic Zone (CITZ)
  • Metamorphic evolution of the Ilomantsi greenstone belt in the Archaean Karelia Province, eastern Finland.
This Special Publication sheds light on crust formation and tectonic processes in early Earth by focusing on Archaean granitoids and related rocks from West Greenland in the North Atlantic Craton, Karelia Province of the Fennoscandian Shield, Eastern Dharwar and Bundelkhand cratons in the Indian Shield and Bug Complex of the Ukrainian Shield. Resulting from the IGCP-SIDA 599 project 'The Changing Early Earth', this compilation of papers provides explanations on the nomenclature of Archaean granitoids and explores the petrology, element and isotope geochemistry, geochronology and metamorphism of granitoids and supracrustal rocks of variable metamorphic grade. This volume provides information on the increase and timing of crust-mantle interactions and granitoid diversification from early Archaean protoliths of island arc origin to the emergence of multi-source high-K calc-alkaline granitoid batholiths at convergent continental margins. The formation of abundant granitoid batholiths suggests a significant change in mantle dynamics and plate tectonics towards the end of the Archaean.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
317 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 28 cm
  • Preface-- Acknowledgments-- 1. Introduction-- 2. Methods for locating old continents and terranes-- 3. Tectonic units of the Earth-- 4. Earth's origins and the Precambrian-- 5. Cambrian-- 6. Ordovician-- 7. Silurian-- 8. Devonian-- 9. Carboniferous-- 10. Permian-- 11. Triassic-- 12. Jurassic-- 13. Cretaceous-- 14. Paleogene-- 15. Neogene and Quaternary-- 16. Climates past and present-- Endnote-- Appendix 1. Location of Phanerozoic Large Igneous Provinces-- Appendix 2. Mesozoic to modern Panthalassic and Pacific Ocean plates-- Appendix 3. Orogenies-- References-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107105324 20170313
Using full-colour palaeogeographical maps from the Cambrian to the present, this interdisciplinary volume explains how plate motions and surface volcanism are linked to processes in the Earth's mantle, and to climate change and the evolution of the Earth's biota. These new and very detailed maps provide a complete and integrated Phanerozoic story of palaeogeography. They illustrate the development of all the major mountain-building orogenies. Old lands, seas, ice caps, volcanic regions, reefs, and coal beds are highlighted on the maps, as well as faunal and floral provinces. Many other original diagrams show sections from the Earth's core, through the mantle, and up to the lithosphere, and how Large Igneous Provinces are generated, helping to understand how plates have appeared, moved, and vanished through time. Supplementary resources are available online, making this an invaluable reference for researchers, graduate students, professional geoscientists and anyone interested in the geological history of the Earth.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107105324 20170313
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
vi, 432 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
  • Dedication
  • Contributions of Professor Martin Brasier to the study of early life, stratigraphy and biogeochemistry
  • Understanding ancient life: how Martin Brasier changed the way we think about the fossil record
  • X-ray microtomography as a tool for investigating the petrological context of Precambrian cellular remains
  • Earliest microbial trace fossils in Archaean pillow lavas under scrutiny: new micro-X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy, metamorphic and morphological constraints
  • Characterization of organic matter in the Torridonian using Raman spectroscopy
  • Advanced analytical techniques for studying the morphology and chemistry of Proterozoic microfossils
  • Contrasting microfossil preservation and lake chemistries within the 1200-1000 Ma Torridonian Supergroup of NW Scotland
  • Evaluating evidence from the Torridonian Supergroup (Scotland, UK) for eukaryotic life on land in the Proterozoic
  • Measuring the 'Great Unconformity' on the North China Craton using new detrital zircon age data
  • Earth system transition during the Tonian-Cambrian interval of biological innovation: nutrients, climate, oxygen and the marine organic carbon capacitor
  • Martin Brasier's contribution to the palaeobiology of the Ediacaran-Cambrian transition
  • Palaeoecology of Ediacaran metazoan reefs
  • Ediacaran pre-placozoan diploblasts in the Avalonian biota: the role of chemosynthesis in the evolution of early animal life
  • Rangeomorph classification schemes and intra-specific variation: are all characters created equal?
  • Post-fossilization processes and their implications for understanding Ediacaran macrofossil assemblages
  • 'Intrites' from the Ediacaran Longmyndian Supergroup, UK: a new form of microbially-induced sedimentary structure (MISS)
  • The origin and occurrence of subaqueous sedimentary cracks
  • The Precambrian-Phanerozoic and Ediacaran-Cambrian boundaries: a historical approach to a dilemma
  • Ichnological evidence for the Cambrian explosion in the Ediacaran to Cambrian succession of Tanafjord, Finnmark, northern Norway
  • Engineering the Cambrian explosion: the earliest bioturbators as ecosystem engineers
  • Remarkable preservation of brain tissues in an Early Cretaceous iguanodontian dinosaur
  • Earliest Cretaceous cocoons or plant seed structures from the Wealden Group, Hastings, UK
  • Chemical relationships of ambers using attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.
This volume in memory of Professor Martin Brasier, which has many of his unfinished works, summarizes recent progress in some of the hottest topics in palaeobiology including cellular preservation of early microbial life and early evolution of macroscopic animal life, encompassing the Ediacara biota. The papers focus on how to decipher evidence for early life, which requires exceptional preservation, employment of state-of-the-art techniques and also an understanding gleaned from Phanerozoic lagerstätte and modern analogues. The papers also apply Martin's MOFAOTYOF principle (my oldest fossils are older than your oldest fossils), requiring an integrated approach to understanding fossils. The adoption of the null-hypothesis that all putative traces of life are abiotic until proven otherwise, and the consideration of putative fossils within their spatial context, characterized the work of Martin Brasier, as is well demonstrated by the papers in this volume.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
vii, 63 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 28 cm.
  • Preface / Joseph T. Hannibal and Kyle C. Fredrick
  • From Fort Pitt to Coal Hill : geological, archaeological, and historical aspects of downtown Pittsburgh and Mount Washington / Joseph T. Hannibal, Andrew Gaerte, and Ann L. Holstein
  • Pleistocene periglacial features of the Pittsburgh Low Plateau and Upper Youghiogheny Basin / Rebecca Kavage Adams, Mark D. Swift, David K. Brezinski, and Steven J. Kite
  • New insights and lessons learned from the Johnstown (Pennsylvania) flood of 1889 / Carrie E. Davis Todd
  • The old, the crude, and the muddy : oil history in western Pennsylvania (abstract) / Kristin M. Carter and Kathy J. Flaherty.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
vi, 174 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 29 cm.
  • Preface / Christopher M. Bailey and Shelley Jaye
  • Geology along the Blue Ridge Parkway in Virginia / Mark W. Carter, Scott Southworth, Richard P. Tollo, Arthur J. Merschat, Sara Wagner, Ava Lazor, and John N. Aleinikoff
  • From Laurentia to Iapetus: traversing the Blue Ridge-Piedmont terrane boundary in central Virginia / Christopher M. Bailey, Anna V. Spears, and Aaron Marshall
  • Fossil-collecting from the middle Miocene Carmel Church Quarry marine ecosystem in Caroline County, Virginia / Alexander K. Hastings and Alton C. Dooley Jr.
  • Geologic controls on cave development in Burnsville Cove, Bath and Highland Counties, Virginia / Christopher S. Swezey, John T. Haynes, Philip C. Lucas, and Richard A. Lambert
  • Geology and Biostratigraphy of the Potomac River cliffs at Stratford Hall, Westmoreland County, Virginia / Robert E. Weems, Lucy E. Edwards, and Bryan Landacre
  • Geology of the Petersburg batholith, eastern Piedmont, Virginia / Brent E. Owens, Mark Carter, and Christopher M. Bailey
  • Geology and the Petersburg Campaign in the American Civil War / Aaron Cross, C. Rick Berquist, Marcie Occhi, Jessi Strand, and Christopher M. Bailey.
Seven chapters explore the diverse geology of Virginia, from its Appalachian highlands to the Atlantic shore.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xiv, 281 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), color maps ; 27 cm
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
viii, 295 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 26 cm.
  • Geochemistry and geophysics of active volcanic lakes: an introduction
  • Acidic lakes
  • Element flux to the environment of the passively degassing crater lake-hosting Kawah Ijen volcano, Indonesia, and implications for estimates of the global volcanic flux
  • New insights into Kawah Ijen's volcanic system from the wet volcano workshop experiment
  • New insights into the Kawah Ijen hydrothermal system from geophysical data
  • Dynamic fluid recycling at Laguna Caliente (Poas, Costa Rica) before and during the 2006-ongoing phreatic eruption cycle (2005-10)
  • HCl degassing from extremely acidic crater lakes: preliminary results from experimental determinations and implications for geochemical monitoring
  • The crater lake of Copahue volcano (Argentina): geochemical and thermal changes between 1995 and 2015
  • The acid crater lake of Taal Volcano, Philippines: hydrogeochemical and hydroacoustic data related to the 2010-11 volcanic unrest
  • The sedimentation of Suminagashi-like floating clay patterns at El Chichon crater lake (Chiapas, Mexico)
  • Neutral lakes
  • Numerical assessment of the potential for future limnic eruptions at lakes Nyos and Monoun, Cameroon, based on regular monitoring data
  • Decreasing removal rate of the dissolved CO2 in Lake Nyos, Cameroon, after the installation of additional degassing pipes
  • Vertical distribution of dissolved CO2 in lakes Nyos and Monoun (Cameroon) as estimated by sound speed in water
  • A new method to determine dissolved CO2 concentration of lakes Nyos and Monoun using the sound speed and electrical conductivity of lake water
  • Decreasing capability of the degassing systems at lakes Nyos and Monoun (Cameroon): a new gas removal system applied to Lake Monoun to prevent a future limnic eruption
  • Rate of siderite precipitation in Lake Nyos, Cameroon
  • The gas membrane sensor (GMS) method: a new analytical approach for real-time gas concentration measurements in volcanic lakes
  • Surface CO2 emission and rising bubble plumes from degassing of crater lakes in Sao Miguel Island, Azores
  • A tale of two lakes: the Newberry Volcano twin crater lakes, Oregon, USA
Volcanoes sometimes host a lake at the Earth's surface. These lakes are the surface expressions of a reservoir, often termed a hydrothermal system, in highly fractured, permeable and porous media where fluids circulate. They can become monitoring targets since they integrate the heat flux discharged by an underlying magma body and condense some volcanic gases. Since they trap volcanic heat and gases, they are excellent tools to provide additional information about the status of a volcano and volcanic lake-related hazards. This Special Publication comes at an exciting time for the volcanic lake community. It brings together scientific papers, which include studies of their structure, hydrogeological modelling, long-term multi-disciplinary monitoring efforts, as well as a number of innovative methods of sampling, data acquisition and in situ and laboratory experiments. Several papers challenge long-established paradigms and introduce new concepts and terminologies. This collection of papers will be a useful reference for researchers dealing with volcanic lakes and more generally with hydrothermal systems, phreatic/hydrothermal eruptions and wet volcanoes.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
449 pages ; 26 cn.
  • Introduction 1. A Review on Forearc Ophiolite Obduction, Adakite-Like Generation, and Slab Window Development at the Chile Triple Junction Area: Uniformitarian Framework for Spreading-Ridge Subduction.- 2. Foreshock Patterns Preceding Great Earthquakes in the Subduction Zone of Chile.- 3. Analysis of the Aeromagnetic Anomalies of the Auca Mahuida Volcano, Patagonia, Argentina.- 4. Flare-Shaped Acoustic Anomalies in the Water Column Along the Ecuadorian Margin: Relationship with Active Tectonics and Gas Hydrates .- 5. The 10 April 2014 Nicaraguan Crustal Earthquake: Evidence of Complex Deformation of the Central American Volcanic Arc.- 6. Three-Dimensional Thermal Model of the Costa Rica-Nicaragua Subduction Zone.- 7. Kinematic 3-D Retro-Modeling of an Orogenic Bend in the South Limon Fold-and-Thrust Belt, Eastern Costa Rica: Prediction of the Incremental Internal Strain Distribution.- 8. Low Angle Contact Between the Oaxaca and Juarez Terranes Deduced From Magnetotelluric Data.- 9. Seismic Anisotropy and Mantle Flow Driven by the Cocos Slab Under Southern Mexico.-10. Toroidal, Counter-Toroidal, and Upwelling Flow in the Mantle Wedge of the Rivera and Cocos Plates: Implications for IOB Geochemistry in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt.- 11. Active Crustal Faults in the Forearc Region, Guerrero Sector of the Mexican Subduction Zone Slow Slip History for the MEXICO Subduction Zone: 2005 Through 2011.- 12. Lateral Variations of Interplate Coupling along the Mexican Subduction Interface: Relationships with Long-Term Morphology and Fault Zone Mechanical Properties.- 13. P-Wave Velocity Tomography from Local Earthquakes in Western Mexico.- 14. Seismic Characteristics of the Vulcanian Explosions from the 2003-2005 Eruption at Colima Volcano, Mexico.- 15. Bahia de Banderas, Mexico: Morphology, Magnetic Anomalies and Shallow Structure.- 16. Crustal Architecture at the Collision Zone Between Rivera and North American Plates at the Jalisco Block: Tsujal Project.- 17. Multichannel Seismic Imaging of the Rivera Plate Subduction at the Seismogenic Jalisco Block Area (Western Mexican Margin) .- 18.Geometric Aspects of the Full Moment Tensors in the Gulf of California and the Mexican East Pacific Rise.- 19. The 2006 Bahia Asuncion Earthquake Swarm: Seismic Evidence of Active Deformation Along the Western Margin of Baja California Sur, Mexico.- 20. Active Crustal Deformation in the Area of San Carlos, Baja California Sur, Mexico as Shown by Data of Local Earthquake Sequences.- 21. Structural and Seismic Stratigrapic study in the Center of the Magdalena Shelf in the Western Margin of Baja California Based on Seismic Reflection Data.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319515281 20170621
Geodynamics of the Latin American Pacific Margin presents a collection of 22 studies by a multinational group of investigators whose common interest is to better understand the complex geodynamic processes occurring along the Pacific margin of Latin America and the impact that these processes have on the local populace. Processes investigated in these papers include the subduction of buoyant ridges and spreading centers, ophiolite emplacement, plate margin truncation, forearc deformation, mantle convection, magma emplacement and associated continental rifting, and the release of energy by great earthquakes as well as slow slip events. These studies illustrate the vast and varied research opportunities that exist along the margin, and will be a welcome addition to the library of those who are actively investigating the geodynamics of the Latin American Pacific margin as well as those interested in the subduction process in general.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319515281 20170621
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
vii, 152 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 29 cm.
  • Dedication to Grant Mossop / compiled by the Mossop family
  • Foreword / Jean C.C. Hsieh
  • 1. Effects of sedimentary facies on structural styles in the Canadian Rocky Mountain Fold and Thrust Belt / Normand Bégin and Byron Veilleux
  • 2. Late Cretaceous geology and fossils of Dinosaur Provincial Park / Dennis R. Braman, Donald B. Brinkman, and Donald M. Henderson
  • 3. Lower to Middle Cambrian of the southern Canadian Rockies / Paul A. Johnston, Christopher J. Collom, and Patricio Desjardins
  • 4. The Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup in Glacier and Waterton Lakes national parks, northwestern Montana and southwestern Alberta: sedimentary facies and syndepositional deformation / Brian R. Pratt
  • 5. Field trip to examine Montney Formation analogs: exposures of the Sulphur Mountain Formation arcound Canmore and Kananaskis, western Alberta, Canada / Joan Noad.
"This volume includes guides to the Canadian Rocky Mountain fold and thrust belt, Late Cretaceous geology and fossils of Dinosaur Provincial Park, Lower to Middle Cambrian of the southern Canadian Rockies, the Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup in Glacier and Waterton Lakes national parks, and Montney Formation analogs"-- Provided by publisher.
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Book
388 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
vii, 449 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
  • Introduction: enquiries into the history of geology
  • The founding of INHIGEO: documents and letters, with comments
  • International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences: the earliest events
  • INHIGEO in recent times
  • Historians of geology in the field: a half-century of INHIGEO excursions
  • Insiders and outsiders: INHIGEO seen from the sidelines
  • Changing reflections on the history of geology
  • Thinking about the geosciences in their religious/philosophical context
  • Methodological uniformitarianism of Hugo Ko³³a²taj: an unknown Polish precursor of the Lyellian geological paradigm
  • History of a discussion: selected aspects of the Earth expansion v. plate tectonics theories
  • Swiss contributions to mid-nineteenth century tectonic research: a step backwards or the prologue to the nappe tectonics revolution?
  • Before volcanoes became ordinary
  • The history of volcanology in Costa Rica: from the Amerindian legends to the beginning of the twenty-first century
  • Dynamic geomorphology: historical convergence towards modern practice
  • Vertebrate palaeontology in Central America: a narrative and analytical history
  • Progression of instrument use and practice in mineralogy and petrology, 1750-1950
  • Innovation and critical thinking: contributions of the history and philosophy of geological sciences to teaching, especially undergraduate teaching
  • Controversies in the history of geology and their educational importance for facilitating understanding of the nature of science
  • Review of the history of higher education in geology during the past 100 years in China
  • Towards a history of women in the geosciences
  • The first Russian monograph on the History of Geology by Grigory E. Shchurovsky, professor of Moscow University: on the 150th anniversary of the publication
  • Clarence Dutton's geology
  • Life and geological studies of Joaquin Frenguelli
  • Teiichi Kobayashi: his life and works, with an emphasis on his contribution to the history of the geosciences in Japan
  • Spaces and places: an historical overview of the development of geology in Austria (Habsburg Monarchy) in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries
  • Early history of the Spanish Geological Survey: the Commission for the Geological Map of Spain (1849-1910)
  • The ups and downs of geology in Portugal: the Geological Survey, a historical perspective
  • Towards a nationwide geological survey in nineteenth century Mexico
  • Brief history of geological and mining exploration in nineteenth century Mexico
  • Geographical and geological explorations of the La Plata Museum 1884-1905
  • A look into the history of geology in France
  • Social functions of historical studies of Chinese geology
  • Early geological studies and mapping in Sweden
  • Murchison in Sweden: consolidating Lower Silurian stratigraphy in the summer of 1844
  • The earliest geological observations in Lithuania: a historical viewpoint
  • Contribution of Polish geologists to geology in Siberia and the Far East
  • The furthest end of the Earth: the role of geological research in Antarctic exploration, 1895-1922
  • History of the oil industry in Poland until 1939
  • Gushers, science and luck: Everette Lee DeGolyer and the Mexican oil upsurge, 1909-19
  • Harsh oil: finding petroleum in early twentieth century Western Australia
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xvii, 304 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm.
  • Preface vii Notation xi Acknowledgments xvii Part I: Introduction 1 1 Introduction 3 Part II: Problem Definition 7 2 Initial Boundary Value Problem for Hydraulic Head 9 3 Hydraulic Head Components and Their IBVPs 13 4 Periodic Transient Components 15 5 BVP for Harmonic Constituents 21 6 Polar Form of Space BVP 29 7 Complex-Variable Form of Space BVP 37 8 Comparison of Space BVP Forms 43 Part III: Elementary Examples 45 9 Examples: 1D Flow in Ideal Media 47 10 Examples: 1D Flow in Exponential Media 63 11 Examples: 1D Flow in Power Law Media 89 12 Examples: 2D and 3D Flow in Ideal Media 95 13 Examples: Uniform-Gradient Flow 107 Part IV: Essential Concepts 121 14 Attenuation, Delay, and Gradient Collinearity 123 15 Time Variation of Specific-Discharge Constituent 131 Part V: Stationary Points 149 16 Stationary Points: Basic Concepts 151 17 Stationary Points: Amplitude and Phase 157 18 Flow Stagnation 171 Part VI: Wave Propagation 181 19 Harmonic, Hydraulic Head Waves 183 20 Wave Distortion 199 21 Waves in One Dimension 215 22 Wave Equation 225 Part VII: Energy Transport 231 23 Mechanical Energy of Groundwater 233 24 Mechanical Energy: Time Averages 239 25 Mechanical Energy of Single-Constituent Fields 249 Part VIII: Conclusion 261 26 Conclusion 263 Part IX: Appendices 269 A Hydraulic Head Components 271 B Useful Results from Trigonometry 273 C Linear Transformation of Space Coordinates 275 D Complex Variables 281 E Kelvin Functions 283 Bibliography 291 Index 295.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119133940 20170306
Hydrodynamics of Time-Periodic Groundwater Flow introduces the emerging topic of periodic fluctuations in groundwater. While classical hydrology has often focused on steady flow conditions, many systems display periodic behavior due to tidal, seasonal, annual, and human influences. Describing and quantifying subsurface hydraulic responses to these influences may be challenging to those who are unfamiliar with periodically forced groundwater systems. The goal of this volume is to present a clear and accessible mathematical introduction to the basic and advanced theory of time-periodic groundwater flow, which is essential for developing a comprehensive knowledge of groundwater hydraulics and groundwater hydrology. Volume highlights include: Overview of time-periodic forcing of groundwater systems Definition of the Boundary Value Problem for harmonic systems in space and time Examples of 1-, 2-, and 3-dimensional flow in various media Attenuation, delay, and gradients, stationary points and flow stagnation Wave propagation and energy transport Hydrodynamics of Time-Periodic Groundwater Flow presents numerous examples and exercises to reinforce the essential elements of the theoretical development, and thus is eminently well suited for self-directed study by undergraduate and graduate students. This volume will be a valuable resource for professionals in Earth and environmental sciences who develop groundwater models., including in the fields of groundwater hydrology, soil physics, hydrogeology, geoscience, geophysics, and geochemistry. Time-periodic phenomena are also encountered in fields other than groundwater flow, such as electronics, heat transport, and chemical diffusion. Thus, students and professionals in the field of chemistry, electronic engineering, and physics will also find this book useful..
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119133940 20170306
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
[vi], 274 pages : maps (some color), illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm.
  • Introduction to integrated environmental modelling to solve real world problems: methods, vision and challenges
  • Model fusion at the British Geological Survey: experiences and future trends
  • Integrated environmental modelling: achieving the vision
  • From integration to fusion: the challenges ahead
  • Splicing recharge and groundwater flow models in the Environment Agency National Groundwater Modelling System
  • 3D geological models to groundwater flow models: data integration between GSI3D and groundwater flow modelling software GMS and FeFlow®
  • The potential for the use of model fusion techniques in building and developing catastrophe models
  • A stochastic bioenergetics model-based approach to translating large river flow and temperature into fish population responses: the pallid sturgeon example
  • Hierarchical stochastic modelling of large river ecosystems and fish growth across spatio-temporal scales and climate models: the Missouri River endangered pallid sturgeon example
  • Geological map fusion: OneGeology-Europe and INSPIRE
  • Integrated Environmental Modelling: human decisions, human challenges
  • Socio-hydrology modelling for an uncertain future, with examples from the USA and Canada
  • Thinking platforms for smarter urban water systems: fusing technical and socio-economic models and tools
  • The use of data-mining techniques for developing effective decision support systems: a case study of simulating the effects of climate change on coastal salinity intrusion
  • Fusing and disaggregating models, data and analysis tools for a dynamic science-society interface
  • Future of technology in NERC data models and informatics: outputs from InformaTEC
  • The uncertainty cascade in model fusion.
The discipline of Integrated Environmental Modelling (IEM) has developed in order to solve complex environmental problems, for example understanding the impacts of climate change on the physical environment. IEM provides methods to fuse or link models together, this in turn requires facilities to make models discoverable and also to make the outputs of modelling easily visualized. The vision and challenges for IEM going forward are summarized by leading proponents. Several case studies describe the application of model fusion to a range of real-world problems including integrating groundwater and recharge models within the UK Environment Agency, and the development of 'catastrophe' models to predict better the impact of natural hazards. Communicating modelling results to end users who are often not specialist modellers is also an emerging area of research addressed within the volume. Also included are papers that highlight current developments of the technology platforms underpinning model fusion.-- Source other than Library of Congress.
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